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Peter Baumann

Charles and Harriett Cox McDowell Professor of Philosophy and Religion

On Leave - Academic Year



  2. Phone: (610) 328-8433
  3. Beardsley Hall 212

CV (September 2023)

Publications September 2023

Selected Publications


Epistemic Contextualism. A Defense, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2016

Practical Conflicts. New Philosophical Essays, ed. with Monika Betzler, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2004.

Erkenntnistheorie (Epistemology), Stuttgart: Metzler 2002 (2.ed. 2006; 3.ed. 2015).


"Not just Many Worlds but Many Universes? A Problem for the Many Workds View of Quantum Mechanics", in: Metaphysica 23.2, 2022, 295-305

"Enlightenment as Perfection, Perfection as Enlightenment? Kant on Thinking for Oneself and Perfecting Onself", in: Journal of Philosophy of Education  56, 2022, 281-289

"Rational Intransitive Preferences", in: Politics, Philosophy & Economics 21(1), 2022, 3-28

"Sorry if! On Conditional Apologies", in: Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24, 2021, 1079-1090

"True Knowledge", in: Logos & Episteme XII.4, 2021, 463-467

with Haicheng Zhao: "Inductive Knowledge and Lotteries: Could One Explain Both 'Safely'?", in: Ratio, forthcoming

"Trolleys, Transplants and Inequality: An Egalitarian Proposal", in: Erkenntnis, forthcoming (

"Ludwig's Punch and Bertie's Comeback: Reconciling Russell and Wittgenstein on the Content of Desires", in: Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 40(2), 2020, 132-149. (see:

"Close to the Truth", in: Philosophia, 48, 2020, 1769-1775. (

"Brains in Vats? Don't Bother!", in: Episteme 16, 2019, 186-199. 

"DeRose on Lotteries", in: International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 10, 2020, 44-67

"Knowledge Requires Belief and It Doesn't? On Belief as such and Belief Necessary for Knowledge", in: Inquiry 62, 2019, 151-167.

"What Will Be Best for Me? Big Decisions and the Problem of Inter-World Comparisons", in: Dialectica 72, 2018, 253-273.

"Nearly Solving the Problem of Nearly Convergent Knowledge“, Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7, no.10, 2018, 16-21.

"Is Everything Revisable?", in: Ergo 4.12, 2017, 349-357."

Epistemic Contrastivism", in: Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (online, 2017).

"Power, Soft or Deep? An Attempt at Constructive Criticism" (with Gisela Cramer), in: Las Torres de Lucca. International Journal of Political Philosophy 6(10), 2017, 177-214.

"If You Believe You Believe, You Believe. A Constitutive Account of Knowledge of One’s Own Beliefs", in: Logos & Episteme VIII, 2017, 389-416.

"Necessarily Incompatible Consistent Wants", in: Acta Analytica 32, 2017, 489-490.

"Introduction", in: Peter Baumann, Epistemic Contextualism. A Defense, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2016, 1-5.

"Knowledge across Contexts. A Problem for Subject-Sensitive Invariantism", in: Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review 55, 2016, 363-380

"'Part of that force that always wills the evil and always produces the good'. On a Devilish Incoherence", in: S.Ph. Essays and Explorations 1.2, 2016, 25-33

"Epistemic Contrastivism, Knowledge and Practical Reasoning", in: Erkenntnis 81, 2016, 59-68

"Safety, Virtue,Scepticism: Remarks on Sosa", in: Croatian Journal of Philosophy XV (45), 295-306

"Meaningful and More Meaningful. A Modest Measure", in: Journal of Philosophy of Life 5.3, 2015, 33-49

"Defending the One Percent? Poor Arguments for the Rich?", in: The Harvard Review of Philosophy XXI, 2014

"No Luck with Knowledge? On a Dogma of Epistemology", in: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89, 2014, 523-551.

"Knowledge, Assertion and Inference", in: Acta Analytica 29, 2014, 487-490.

"Knowledge and Dogmatism", in: The Philosophical Quarterly 63, 2013, 1-19.

"Philosophy Upside Down?", in: Metaphilosophy 44, 2013, 579-588.

"Nozick's Defense of Closure", in: Kelly Becker & Tim Black (eds.), The Sensitivity Principle in Epistemology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2012, 11-27.

"Knowledge, Practical Reasoning and Action", in: Logos & Episteme 3, 2012, 7-26.

"On the Inflation of Necessities", in: Metaphysica 13, 2012, 51-54.

"Wams - Why Worry?", in: Philosophical Papers 40, 2011, 155-177.

"A Puzzle about Responsibility", in: Erkenntnis 74, 2011, 207-224.

"Epistemic Closure", in: Sven Bernecker & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Epistemology, London etc.: Routledge 2011, 597-608.

"Empiricism, Stances, and the Problem of Voluntarism", Synthese 178, 2011, 27-36.

"Molyneux's Question and the Berkeleian Answer", in: Jean Paul Margot & Mauricio Zuluaga (eds.), Perspectivas de la Modernidad. Siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII, Cali: Colección Artes y Humanidades (Universidad del Valle) 2011, 217-234.

"Factivity and Contextualism", Analysis 70, 2010, 82-89.

"Disculpas" (Apologies), in: Flor Emilce Cely & William Duica (eds.), Intersubjetividad. Ensayos filosóficos sobre autoconciencia, sujeto y acción (Intersubjectivity. Philosophical Essays on Self-Knowledge, Subject and Action), Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia 2009, 271-281.

"Reliabilism - Modal, Probabilistic or Contextualist", Grazer Philosophische Studien 79, 2009, 77-89.

"Counting on Numbers", Analysis 69, 2009, 446-448.

"Was Moore a Moorean? On Moore and Scepticism", European Journal of Philosophy 17, 2009, 181-200.

(with Darrell P. Rowbottom) "To Thine Own Self Be Untrue: A Diagnosis of the Cable Guy", Logique & Analyse 204, 2008, 355-363.

"Contrastivism rather than Something Else? On the Limits of Epistemic Contrastivism", Erkenntnis 69, 2008, 189-200.

"Is Knowledge Safe?", American Philosophical Quarterly 45, 2008, 19-31.

"Contextualism and the Factivity Problem", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76, 2008, 580-602.

"Problems for Sinnott-Armstrong's Moral Contrastivism", The Philosophical Quarterly 58, 2008, 463-470.

"Single-case Probabilities and the Case of Monty Hall: Levy´s View",Synthese 162, 2008, 265-273.

"Persons, Human Beings, and Respect", Polish Journal of Philosophy 2, 2007, 5-17

"Handlung, Absicht und Instrumentalität" (Action, Intention, and Instrumentality), in: Christoph Hubig / Andreas Luckner / Nadia Mazouz (eds.), Handeln und Technik - mit und ohne Heidegger (Action and Technology -- with and without Heidegger), Berlin: Lit-Verlag 2007, 77-82.

"Kant y el yo" (Kant and the Self), in: Felipe Castañeda, Vicente Durán & Luis Eduardo Hoyos (eds.), Immanuel Kant: vigencia de la filosofía crítica, Bogotá: Siglo del Hombre Editores, 2007, 79-89.

"Experiencing Things Together: What is the Problem?", Erkenntnis 66, 2007, 9-26.

"Information, Closure, and Knowledge: On Jäger's Objection to Dretske",Erkenntnis 64. 2006, 403-408.

"Kant's Two Perspectives on Property", in: Justyna Miklaszewska & Przemyslaw Sprysak (eds.), Kant and the Problem of the Contemporary World / Kant Wobec Problemów Wspólczesnego Swiata, Cracow: Jagiellonian University Press 2006, 121-128.

"Varieties of Contextualism: Standards and Descriptions", Grazer Philosophische Studien 69, 2005 (Martijn Blaauw (ed.), Epistemological Contextualism), 229-245.

"Three Doors, Two Players, and Single Case Probabilities", American Philosophical Quarterly 42, 2005, 71-79.

"Theory Choice and the Intransitivity of Is A Better Theory Than",Philosophy of Science 72, 2005, 231-240.

"Lotteries and Contexts", Erkenntnis 61, 2004, 415-428.

"Involvement and Detachment: A Paradox of Practical Reason", in: Peter Baumann and Monika Betzler (eds.), Practical Conflicts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2004, 244-261.

"Molyneux's Questions", in: Ralph Schumacher (ed.), Perception and Reality, Paderborn: mentis 2004, 168-187.

"On the Subtleties of Reidian Pragmatism: A Reply to Magnus", The Journal of Scottish Philosophy 2, 2004, 73-77.

"Coercion and the Varieties of Free Action ", Ideas y Valores 122, 2003, 31-49.

"Intransitive Präferenzen und die Grenzen der Rationalitätstheorie" (Intransitive Preferences and the Limits of Rational Choice Theory), in: Wolfram Hogrebe (ed.), Grenzen und Grenzüberschreitungen. XIX Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie, 23.-27. September 2002 in Bonn, Bonn: Sinclair 2002, 329-338.

"Ist der Begriff des Wissens inkohärent?" (Is the Concept of Knowledge Incoherent?), Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 55, 2001, 104-111.

"Epistemologische Aspekte von Kants Moralphilosophie" (Epistemological Aspects of Kant's Moral Philosophy), in: Volker Gerhardt/ Rolf-Peter Horstmann/ Ralph Schumacher (eds.), Kant und die Berliner Aufklärung. Akten des IX. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses , Berlin/ New York: de Gruyter 2001, 5 vols., vol. 3, 3-12.

"The Scottish Pragmatist? The Dilemma of Common Sense and the Pragmatist Way Out", Reid Studies 2, 1999, 47-57.

"Can Reliabilists Believe in Subjective Probability?", The Philosophical Quarterly 48, 1998, 199-200.

"Zwei Seiten der Kantschen Begründung von Eigentum und Staat" (Two Aspects of Kant's Justification of Property and the State), Kant-Studien 85, 1994, 147-159.

Baumann vs. Baumann

Professor Baumann worked with the Swarthmore Film Club -  a student-led group that creates film productions throughout the school year.

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