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Scott Gilbert: Publications

Scott Gilbert | Research | Publications | Lectures


Articles | Electronic 


Gilbert , S. F. and Epel, D. 2015. Ecological Developmental Biology: The Environmental Regulation of Development, Health, and EvolutionSinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

Gilbert, S. F. Developmental Biology, Sinauer Associates and Oxford University Press. 

  • First edition: 1985. Reprinted in Spanish (1987) and Italian (1988).
  • Second edition: 1988. Reprinted in Japanese (1991) and Russian (1993). 
  • Third edition: 1991. Reprinted in Portuguese (1994)
  • Fourth edition: 1994. Reprinted in French (1996)
  • Fifth edition: 1997.
  • Sixth edition: 2000. Reprinted in Portuguese.
  • Seventh edition: 2003. Reprinted in prepared in Korean, French, and Russian.
  • Eighth edition: 2006. 
  • Ninth edition: 2010.
  • Tenth edition: 2013 Translated in Japanese, Korean.
  • Eleventh edition: 2016 (with Michael Baressi) (Translated into Japanese, Italian, and Portuguese)
  • Twelfth edition: 2019 (with Michael Baressi)

Gilbert, S.F., editor 1991. Plenum Press, NY. Paperback edition published by Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1994. 

Gilbert, S. F. and Raunio, A. M. 1997. Embryology: Constructing the Organism. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

Galperin, C, Gilbert, S. F., and Hoppe, B. (ed.) 1999. Fundamental Changes in Cellular Biology in the Twentieth Century. Brepols, Brussels.

Gilbert, S. F. and Bolker, J. (guest editors) 2003. Symposium on Ecological Developmental Biology. Evolution and Development. Issue 5(1).

Gilbert , S. F., Tyler, A. and Zackin, E. 2005. Bioethics and the New Embryology. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA

Gilbert, S. F. and Pinto-Correia, C. 2017. Fear, Wonder, and Science in the New Age of Reproductive Biotechnology. Columbia University Press, NY.

Gilbert, S. F. (editor). 2021. Current Topics in Developmental Biology 141: Evolutionary Developmental Biology. Academic Press. Cambridge, MA



Asterisks (*) denote Swarthmore undergraduate researchers

Infante, A. A., Nauta, R., Gilbert, S. F., Hobart, P., and Firschein, W. (1973).  DNA synthesis in developing sea urchins: Role of a DNA-nuclear membrane complex. Nature New Biol. 242: 5-8.

Gilbert, S. F. and Migeon, B. R. (1975). D-valine as a selective agent for normal human and rodent epithelial cells in culture. Cell 5: 11-17.

Gilbert, S. F. and Migeon, B. R. (1977).  Renal enzymes in kidney cells selected by D-val medium. J. Cell Physiol. 92: 161-168.

Gilbert, S. F. (1977). Gene isolation: In Boveri's program.Trends Biochem.Sci. 2: 222-223.

Lindahl, L., Post, L., Zengel, J., Gilbert, S. F., Strycharz, W. A., and Nomura, M. (1977). Mapping ribosomal protein genes by in vitro protein synthesis using restriction fragments of lfus3 transducing phage DNA as templates. J. Biol. Chem. 252: 7365-7383.

Gilbert, S. F. (1978). The embryological origins of the gene theory. J. Hist. Biol. 11: 307-351.

Gilbert, S. F. (1979).  Altruism and other unnatural acts: T. H. Huxley on nature, man, and society. Perspec. Biol. Med. 22: 346-358.

Boer, H. A. de, Gilbert, S. F., and Nomura, M. (1979). DNA sequences of promoter regions for rRNA operons rrnE and rrnA in Escherichia coli. Cell 17: 201-209.

Gilbert, S. F., Boer, H. A. de, and Nomura, M. (1979). Identification of initiation sites for the in vitro transcription of rRNA operons rrnE and rrnA in Escherichia  coli. Cell 17: 211-224.

Gilbert, S. F. (1979). The metaphorical structuring of social perceptions. Soundings 62: 166-186.

Gilbert, S. F. (1980).  Owen's vertebral archetype and evolutionary genetics: A Platonic appreciation. Perspec. Biol. Med. 23: 475-488.

Icenogle, J., Gilbert, S. F., Grieves, J., Anderegg, J., and Rueckert, R. (1981). A neutralizing monoclonal antibody against poliovirus and its reaction with related antigens. Virology 115: 211-215.

Gilbert, S. F., Axelman, J., and Migeon, B. R. (1981). Phenotypic heterogeneity within clones of fetal human cells. Am. J. Human Genet 33: 950-956.

Gilbert, S. F. (1982).  Intellectual traditions in the life sciences: Molecular biology and biochemistry. Perspec. Biol. Med. 26: 151-162. 
Reprinted (1985) in Genetic Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (E. D. Garber, ed.), University of Chicago Press, Chicago. pp. 67-78.

Icenogle, J., Shiwen, H., Duke, G., Gilbert, S. F., Rueckert, R., and Anderegg, J. (1983). Neutralization of poliovirus by a monoclonal antibody: Kinetics and stoichiometry. Virology 127: 412 - 425.

Jacobs, M. and Gilbert, S. F. (1983). Basal localization of presumptive auxin transport carrier in pea stem cell membranes. Science 220: 1297-1300.

Gilbert, S. F. (1984). Review of Embryonic and Fetal Development:  Reproduction in Mammals, Second Edition, (C. R.Austin and R. V. Short, eds.) Cambridge University Press; in Quart. Rev. Biol. 59: 68-69.

Gilbert, S. F. and Greenberg, J. (1984).  Intellectual traditions in the life sciences. II. Stereospecificity. Perspec. Biol. Med. 28: 18-34.

Gilbert, S. F. and Solter, D. (1985). The onset of paternal and maternal Gpi-1 gene expression in preimplantation mouse embryos. Develop. Biol. 109: 515-517.

Gilbert, S. F. (1985).  Bacchus in the laboratory: In defense of scientific puns. Perspec. Biol. Med. 29: 148-152.

Solter, D., Aronson, J., Gilbert, S. F., and McGrath, J. (1985). Nuclear transfer in mouse embryos: Activation of the embryonic genome. Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 50: 45-50.

Gilbert, S. F. (1986).  Cell-cell receptors in embryogenesis. In Receptors in Cellular Recognition and Developmental Processes (R. Gorczynski, ed.), Academic Press, NY, pp. 133-163.

Gilbert, S. F., Oster-Granite, M. L., Kirby*, W., Durie*, D., Lyons*, D., and Greene*, E. (1986). Enrichment and differentiation of postnatal rodent neuroblasts in selective tissue culture medium. Brain Res. Bull. 16: 853-860.

Gilbert, S. F. (1986). Cell surface receptors in development and immunity. Devel. Comp. Immunol.
10: 279-284.

Gilbert, S. F. (1987). In friendly disagreement: Wilson, Morgan, and the embryological origins of the gene theory. Amer. Zool. 27: 797-806.

Gilbert, S. F. (1987). Review of Horder, T. J., Witkowski, J. A., and Wylie, C. C. (eds.), A History of Embryology. Cambridge University Press. In Medical History 31: 226-227.
Beldecos*, A., Bailly*, S., Gilbert, S., Hicks*, K., Kenschaft*, L., Niemczyk*, N., Rosenberg*, R., Schaertel*, S., and Wedel*, A. (1988). The importance of feminist critique for contemporary cell biology.  Hypatia 3: 61-76.
   Reprinted (1989) in Feminism and Science (ed. N. Tuana), Indiana University Press pp. 172-187.
   Reprinted (1999) in Philosophies of Science: From Foundations to Contemporary Issues. (J. McErlean, ed.)
       Wadsworth Publishing, NY.
   Reprinted (2002) in The Gender of Science (ed. J. A. Kourany). Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pp. 192
       - 203.

Gilbert, S. F. (1988).  Cellular Politics:  Just, Goldschmidt, and the attempts to reconcile embryology and genetics, In The American Development of Biology (ed. R. Rainger, K. Benson, J. Maienschein) University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia. pp. 311-346.

Grunwald, G.B., Gilbert, S.F., Brewer, K., Cleland*, L. and Kawai*, M. (1990). Differential expression of a cytokeratin-like compartmentation antigen during chick embryogenesis. Histochemistry 94: 545 - 553.

Gilbert, S. F. (1991). Epigenetic landscaping: C. H. Waddington's use of cell fate bifurcation diagrams. Biology and Philosophy. 6: 135 - 154.

Gilbert, S. F. (1991). "Foreword" to Tauber, A. I. and Chernyak, L., Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology: From Metaphor to Reality. Oxford University Press. vi-ix.

Gilbert, S. F. (1991). Induction and the Origins of Developmental Genetics. In A Conceptual History of Modern Embryology. (ed. S. F. Gilbert). Plenum Press, NY. pp. 181- 206.

Gilbert, S. F. (1991). Cytoplasmic action in development. Quart. Rev. Biol. 66: 309 - 316.

Gilbert, S. F. (1991). The role of embryonic induction in creating self. In Organism and the Origins of Self (ed. A. I. Tauber). Kluwer Press, Dordrecht. pp. 341 - 360. 

Gilbert, S. F. (1992). The synthesis of embryology and human genetics: Paradigms regained. Amer.  J. Human Genet. 51: 211 - 215.

Gilbert, S.F., and Atkinson J. (eds.). 1992. Development and macroevolution, American Zoologist, 32: 101-144.

Sainio, K., Gilbert, S. F., Lehtonen, E., Nishi, M., Kumar, N. M., Gilula, N. B., and Saxén, L. (1992). Differential expression of gap junction mRNAs and proteins in the developing murine kidney and in experimentally induced nephric mesenchymes. Development 115: 827 - 837.

Gilbert, S. F., Sarkar, S., and Tauber, A. I. 1992. Symposium on the evolution of individuality. Introduction. Biology and Philosophy 7: 461 - 462.

Gilbert, S. F. (1992). Cells in search of community: Critiques of Weismannism and selectable units in ontogeny. Biology and Philosophy 7: 473 - 487.

Gilbert, S. F. and Saxén, L. (1993). Spemann's Organizer: Models and molecules. Mechanisms Devel. 41: 73 - 89.

Opitz, J. M. and Gilbert, S. F. (1993). Developmental field theory and the molecular analysis of morphogenesis: A comment on Dr. Slavkin's observations. Am. J. Med. Genet. 47: 687 - 688.

Gilbert, S. F. (1994).  Dobzhansky, Waddington and Schmalhausen: Embryology and the Modern Synthesis. In The Evolution of Theodosius Dobzhansky: Essays on His Life and Thought in Russia and America (ed. M. B. Adams). Princeton University Press, Princeton. Pp. 143-154.

Gilbert, S. F. (1995). Review of Correspondence: Karl Ernst von Baer [1792 - 1876] and Anton Dohrn [1840 - 1909]. Trans. C. Groeben. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. In Quart. Rev. Biol. 70: 60-61.
Ritvos, O., Tuuri, T., Erämaa, M., Sainio, K., Hilden, K., Saxén, L., and Gilbert, S. F. (1995). Activin disrupts epithelial branching morphogenesis in developing murine kidney, pancreas, and salivary gland. Mechanisms of Development 50: 229 - 245.

Gilbert, S. F. and Tauber, A. I. (editors). (1995). Postmodernism and Science. Science in Context 8(4).

Gilbert, S. F. (1995). Introduction: Postmodernism and Science. Science in Context 8: 559 - 561.

Gilbert, S. F. (1995). Resurrecting the Body: Has Postmodernism had any effect on biology? Science in Context 8: 563 - 577.

Gilbert, S. F., Opitz, J., and Raff, R. A. (1996). Resynthesizing evolutionary and developmental biology. Developmental Biology 173: 357 - 372.

Gilbert, S. F. (1996). A brief history of premolecular induction studies. Seminars Cell Devel. Biol. 7: 67 -76. 

Gilbert, S. F. (1996). Cellular dialogues during development. Gene Regulation and Fetal Development;  March of Dimes Foundation Birth Defects: Original Article Series; Volume 30 (1) (G. Martini, H. Neri, eds.), Wiley-Liss, NY. pp. 1 - 12.

Gilbert, S. F., Opitz, J. M., and Raff, R. A. (1996). Reply: Resynthesis. Devel. Biol. 173: 618 - 619.

Gilbert, S. F. (1996). Enzyme adaptation and the entrance of molecular biology into embryology. In The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives. (ed. S. Sarkar). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. pp. 101 - 123.

Gilbert, S. F. and Faber, M. (1996). Looking at embryos: The visual and conceptual aesthetics of emerging form. In The Elusive Synthesis: Aesthetics and Science (A. I. Tauber, editor). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordecht. pp. 125 - 151. 

Brusca, R., Brusca, J., and Gilbert, S. F. (1997) Introduction to embryology. In Gilbert, S. F. and Raunio, A. M. Embryology: Constructing the Organism. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland. Pp. 3-20.

Gilbert, S. F. (1997). Arthropods: crustaceans, spiders, and myriapods. In Gilbert, S. F. and Raunio, A. M. Embryology: Constructing the Organism. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. Pp. 239 - 257.

Gilbert, S. F. and Borish, S. (1997). How cells learn, how cells teach: Induction and education in the body. In A. Reninger and E. Amsel, (ed.) Change and Development: Issues of Theory, Method, and Application. Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ. Pp. 61-75.

Gilbert, S. F. (1997). Bodies of knowledge: Multiculturalism and science. In Changing Life: Genomes, Ecologies, Bodies, Commodities (P.J. Taylor, S. E. Halfon, and P. N. Edwards, eds.) University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. Pp. 36 - 55.

Gilbert, S. F. 1997. Salome Gluecksohn Waelsch, In Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. (P. E. Hyman and D. D. Moore, ed.). Routledge, NY. Pp. 1445- 1446.
Republished online Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Shalvi Publishing, Jerusalem.

Belousov, L. V., Opitz, J. M, and Gilbert, S. F. 1997. Contributions to field theory and life of Alexander G. Gurwitsch. Internat. J. Devel. Biol. 41: 771 - 779. 

Gilbert, S. F. 1997. Intercellular pathways as homologous processes. In "Developmental Biology in Half a Century:" Taniguchi Symposium in Developmental Biology IX, T. Okada, ed.), Pp. 83-85.

Gilbert, S. F. 1998. Bearing crosses: The historiography of genetics and embryology. Amer. J. Med. Genet. 76: 168 - 182.

Gilbert, S. F. 1998. Conceptual breakthroughs in developmental biology. J. Biosciences. 23: 169 - 176.

Gilbert, S. F. and Jorgensen, E. 1998. Wormwholes: A commentary on K. Schaffner's "Genes, behavior, and developmental emergentism", Philosophy of Science65: 259 - 266.

Gilbert, S. F. 1998. Human cloning (Letter to the editor). New Engl. J. Med.  339: 1558 - 1559.

Gilbert, S. F. 1999. Homologies of process. In Galperin, C., Gilbert, S. F., and Hoppe, B. (ed.) Fundamental Biology in the Twentieth Century. Brepols, Brussels. Pp. 165 - 168.

Gilbert, S. F. 1999. Comments to M. Morange, The Developmental Gene Concept. Gene Concepts in Development and Evolution. Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte 123: 43 - 48.

Gilbert, S. F. 1999. Review of A. E. Clarke, Disciplining Reproduction: Modernity, American Life Sciences, and "the Problems of Sex". University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998. Bull. Hist. Med. 73: 733 - 734.

Gilbert, S. F. 2000. Genes classical and genes developmental: The different uses of the gene in evolutionary syntheses. In The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution  (ed. P. Buerton, R. Falk, and H-J. Rheinberger),Cambridge University Press. Pp. 178 - 192.

Gilbert, S. F. and the Biology and Gender Study Group*. 2000. Mainstreaming feminist critique into the biology curriculum. In R. Reid and S. Traweek, eds., Doing Science + Culture. Routledge, NY. Pp. 199 - 220. 

Gilbert, S. F. and Sarkar, S. 2000. Embracing complexity: Organicism for the Twenty-first Century. Developmental Dynamics 219: 1 - 9.

Burian, R. M., Gilbert, S. F., Johns-Schloegel. J., and Thieffry, D. 2000. Selected bibliography on history of embryology and development. Hist. Philos. Life Sci. 22: 325 - 333.

Gilbert, S. F. 2000. Diachronic biology meets evo-devo: C. H. Waddington's approach to evolutionary developmental biology. American Zoologist 40: 729 - 737.

Gilbert, S. F. and Bolker, J. A. 2001. Homologies of process: Modular elements of embryonic construction. In The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology(G. Wagner, ed.). Yale University Press, New Haven. Pp. 435 - 454.
   Reprinted in Journal of Experimental Zoology 291 (2001): 1 - 12. 

Gilbert, S. F. 2001. Paradigm shifts in neural induction. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences. 53: 555 - 579.

Gilbert, S. F. 2001. Continuity and change: paradigm shifts in neural induction. International Journal of Developmental Biology 45: 155 - 164.

Gilbert, S. F. Loredo, G. A., Brukman*, A. and Burke, A. C. 2001. Morphogenesis of the turtle shell: The development of a novel structure in tetrapod evolution. Evolution and Development 3: 47 - 58.

Gilbert, S. F. 2001. Ecological developmental biology: Developmental biology meets the real world. Developmental Biology 233: 1 - 12.

Gilbert, S. F. and Zevit, Z. 2001. Congenital human baculum deficiency: The generative bone of Genesis 2: 21-23. American Journal of Medical Genetics101: 284 - 285.

Burian, R. and Gilbert, S. F. 2001. When the map becomes the territory. Trends in Genetics 17: 376 - 377.

Gilbert, S. F. 2001. Finding a mate for evolution. Metanexus: The Online Forum on Religion and Science. 2001.08. . Reprinted as "The Blind Matchmaker," The Spiral 2 (2): 10 - 11.

Gilbert, S. F. 2001. A Primer on Human Embryonic Stem Cells. Metanexus: The Online Forum on Religion and Science. 2001.08.

Loredo, G. A., Brukman*, A., Harris, M. P., Kagle*, D. LeClair, E. E., Gutman*, R., Denney*, E., Henkelman*, E., Murray*, B. P., Fallon, J. F., Tuan, R. S., and Gilbert, S. F. 2001. Development of an evolutionarily novel structure: fibroblast growth factor expression in the carapacial ridge of turtle embryos. Journal of Experimental Zoology/Molecular and Developmental Evolution 291: 274 - 281.

Gilbert, S. F. and Tuan, R. 2001. New vistas for developmental biology. J. Biosciences 26: 293 - 298.

Clark*, C., Bender*, G, Murray*, B.P., Panfilio*, K., Cook*, S., Davis*, R, Murnen*, K, Tuan, R. S., and Gilbert, S. F. 2001. Evidence for the neural crest origin of turtle plastron bones. genesis 31: 111 - 117.

Gilbert, S. F. 2001. Lewis und Clark-Expedition von 1804 bis 1806: Die medizinische und soziologische Bedeutung des Schwitzbadens. Saunabetrieb & Bäderpraxis 4/2001: 26 - 27.

Gilbert, S. F. and Karen A. Rader. 2001. Revisiting Women and Feminism in Developmental Biology. In Schiebinger, L. and Creager, A.,(eds.) Science, Technology and Medicine in the Twentieth Century: What Difference Has Feminism Made? University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Pp. 73 - 97.

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. Predator-induced polyphenism. In The Encyclopedia of Life Sciences.Vol 15. pp. 134 - 138.  Macmillan, London. Also as:

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. Genetic determinism: The battle between scientific data and social image in contemporary developmental biology. In On Human Nature. Anthropological, Biological, and Philosophical Foundations. (Grunwald, A., Gutmann, M., and Neumann-Held, E. M., eds.) Springer-Verlag, NY. Pp. 121 - 140

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. Review of Genomic Regulatory Systems: Development and Evolution (by E. H. Davidson.). Amer. J. Med. Genetics 108: 341 - 342.

Mikhailov, A. T. and Gilbert, S. F. 2002. From development to evolution: The re-establishment of the "Alexander Kowalevsky Medal" by the St. Petersburg Society of Naturalists. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 46: 693 - 698. 

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. Canalization. In Encyclopedia of Evolution (M. Pagel, ed.). Oxford University Press, NY. Volume 1: 133 - 135.

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. Teaching evolution through Evo-Devo. (abstract). Dev. Biol. 247: 439.

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. Dolly on the Road to Polly: Review of The Second Creation: Dolly and the Age of Biological Control; by A. Wilmut, K. Campbell, and C. Tudge. BioScience. 52: 851 - 853.

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. Commentary: Stephen J. Gould. J. Biosciences 27: 445 - 446.

Gilbert, S. F. and Bolker, J. A. 2003. Ecological developmental biology: preface to the symposium. Evol. Dev. 5: 3 - 8.

Cebra-Thomas, J. A., Bromer*, J., Gardiner, R., Lam, G. K., Scheipe*, H., and Gilbert, S. F. 2003. T-box gene products are required for mesenchymal induction of epithelial branching in the embryonic mouse lung. Developmental Dynamics 226: 82 - 90.

Gilbert, S.F. 2003. The reactive genome. In Müller, G.B. and Newman, S.A. (eds.), Origination of Organismal Form: Beyond the Gene in Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, MIT Press, Cambridge. pp. 87-101.

Gilbert, S. F. 2003. The genome in its ecological context: philosophical perspectives on interspecies epigenesis. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 981: 202 - 218.

Gilbert, S. F. and Bard, J. 2003. Review of Embryos in Wax: Models from the Ziegler Studio, by N. Hopwood. Perspec. Biol. Med. 46: 156 - 158.

Gilbert, S. F. and Fausto-Sterling, A. 2003. Educating for social responsibility: Changing the syllabus of developmental biology. Int. J. Devel. Biol.  47: 327 - 244.

Gilbert, S. F. and Burian, R. 2003. Development, evolution, and evolutionary developmental biology. In Key Concepts and Approaches in Evolutionary Developmental Biology (B. K. Hall and W. M. Olson, eds), Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA. Pp. 61 -68.

Gilbert, S. F. and Burian, R. 2003. Developmental genetics. In Key Concepts and Approaches in Evolutionary Developmental Biology (B. K. Hall and W. M. Olson, eds), Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA. Pp. 68 - 74.

Gilbert, S. F. 2003. Evo-devo, devo-evo, and devgen-popgen. Biology and Philosophy 18: 347 - 352.

Gilbert, S. F. 2003. The role of predator-induced polyphenism in the evolution of cognition: A Baldwinian speculation. In Weber, B. H. and D. J. Depew (eds.) Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered. MIT Press. Pp. 235 - 252.

Gilbert, S. F. 2003. Opening Darwin's Black Box: Teaching evolution through developmental genetics. Nature Reviews: Genetics 4: 735 - 741.

Gilbert, S. F. 2003. The morphogenesis of evolutionary developmental biology. International J. Dev. Biol. 47: 467 - 477

Gilbert, S. F. 2004. General principles of differentiation and morphogenesis. In

The Molecular Basis of Inborn Errors of Development (C. J. Epstein, R. P. Erickson, and A. Wynshaw-Boris, eds.) Oxford University Press, New York. Pp. 10 - 24.

Gilbert, S. F. 2004. Foreword. Crystals, Fabrics, and Fields (Donna J. Haraway) North Atlantic Press, Berkeley, CA. Pp. xi - xv.

Gilbert, S. F. 2004. A case against undergraduate-only research journals. Cell Biology Education 3(1) : 22 - 24.

Braukmann, S. and Gilbert, S. F. 2004. Sucking in the gut: A history of early gastrulation research. Gastrulation (ed. C. Stern). Cold Spring Harbor Press, Cold Spring Harbor. Pp. 1-20.

Steinberg, M. S. and Gilbert, S. F. 2004. Townes and Holtfreter, 1955: Directed movements and selective adhesion of embryonic amphibian cells. J. Experimental Zoology 301A: 701 - 706.

Gilbert, S. F. 2004. Gene expression maps: The cartography of transcription. In H-J Rheinberger and J-P Gaudillière, eds., From Molecular Genetics to Genomics: The Mapping Cultures of Twentieth-Century Genetics, Vol. 2. Routledge, New York. Pp. 79 - 94.

Gilbert, S. F. 2005. Mechanisms for the environmental regulation of gene expression: Ecological aspects of animal development. J. Biosciences 30: 101 - 110.

Gilbert, S. F. and Howes-Mischel* R. 2004. "Show Me Your Original Face before You Were Born": The Convergence of Public Fetuses and Sacred DNA. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26: 377 - 394.

[Puura, I/Gilbert, S. F]. 2004. Kuidas kilpon oma kilbi sai? Eesti Loodus 2004: 88 - 91. [Interview in Estonian].

Gilbert, S. F. 2005. Mechanisms for the environmental regulation of gene expression: Ecological aspects of animal development.  J. Biosciences 30: 101 - 110.

[Mikhailov, A. T./Gilbert S. F. 2005. Putting evo-devo into focus: An interview with Scott F. Gilbert. International Journal of Developmental Biology 48: 9 - 16. ]

Cebra-Thomas, J., Tan*, F., Sistla*, S., Estes*, E., Bender*, G., Kim, C., and Gilbert, S. F. 2005. How the turtle forms its shell: A paracrine hypothesis of carapace formation. J. Exp. Zool. B: 558 - 569.

Gilbert, S. F. 2006. In memorium: Lauri Saxén 1927 - 2005. Int. J. Devel. Biol. 50: 369 - 370.

Gilbert, S. F. 2006. The generation of novelty: The province of developmental biology. Biological Theory 1: 209 - 212.

Gilbert, S. F. 2006. Four songs. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education 34: 1, 111, 112.

Gilbert, S.F. 2007. Fate maps, gene expression maps, and the evidentiary structure of evolutionary developmental biology. From Embryology to Evo-Devo (J. Maienschein and M. Laubischler, eds). MIT Press, Cambridge. Pp. 358 - 374.

Cebra-Thomas, J. A., Betters*, E., Yin*, M., Plafkin*, C., McDow*, K., and Gilbert, S. F. 2007. A late-emerging population of trunk neural crest cells forms the plastron in the turtle Trachemys scripta. Evolution and Development 9: 267 - 277.

Gilbert, S. F. and the Swarthmore College Evolution and Development Seminar*. 2007. The aerodynamics of flying carpets: Why biologists are loath to "teach the controversy." The Panda's Black Box: Opening Up the Intelligent Design Controversy. (ed. N. Comfort). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. Pp. 40 - 62.

Collins, J. P., Gilbert, S. F., Laubichler, M. D., and Müller, G. B. 2007. How to integrate development, evolution, and ecology: modeling in evo-devo. In Laubichler, M. D. ed. Roots of Theoretical Biology: The Prater Vivarium Centenary. MIT Press, Cambridge. Pp. 355 - 378.

Gilbert, S. F. 2007. "Second to the right, straight on 'til morning": A reply to Ruse. Biological Theory 2: 74 - 75.

Gilbert, S. F., Bender, G*., Betters, E*,Yin, M., and Cebra-Thomas, J. A. 2007. The contribution of neural crest cells to the nuchal bone and plastron of the turtle shell. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47: 401 - 408.

Gilbert, S. F., Cebra-Thomas, J. A., and Burke, A. C. 2007. How the turtle gets its shell. In Biology of Turtles (J. Wyneken, M. H. Gofrey, and V. Bels, eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton. Pp. 1- 16.

Gilbert, S. F. 2008. All I really needed to know I learned during gastrulation. Cell Biol. Education 7: 3 - 4.

Gilbert, S. F. 2008. When "personhood" begins in the embryo: avoiding a syllabus of errors. Birth Defects Res C Embryo Today 84: 164 - 173.

Gilbert, SF. 2008.  The American Precursors of Evo-Devo: Ecology, cell-lineages, and pastimes unworthy of the Deity. Theory in Biosci. 127(4):291-6.

Laland, K. N., Odling-Smee, J., and Gilbert, S. F. 2008. Evo-Devo and niche construction: Building bridges. J. Experimental Zoology 310: 549 - 566.

Lyson*, T. and Gilbert SF. 2009. Turtles all the way down: Loggerheads at the root of the Chelonian tree. Evolution and Development 11: 133 - 135.

Gilbert, S. F. 2009. Aging and cancer as diseases of epigenesis. J. Biosciences 34: 601 - 604.

Gluckman, P. D. et al. 2009. Towards a developmental synthesis: adaptive developmental plasticity and human disease. Lancet 373: 1654 - 1657.

Koshiba-Takeuchi K, Mori AD, Kaynak BL, Cebra-Thomas J, Sukonnik T, Georges RO, Latham S, Beck L, Henkelman RM, Black BL, Olson EN, Wade J, Takeuchi JK, Nemer M, Gilbert SF, Bruneau BG. 2009. Reptilian heart development and the molecular basis of cardiac chamber evolution. Nature 461: 95 - 98.

Gilbert SF, McDonald* E, Boyle* N, Buttino* N, Gyi* L, Mai* M, Prakash* N, Robinson* J. 2010. Symbiosis as a source of selectable epigenetic variation: taking the heat for the big guy.   Proc. Royal Soc. Lond. B 365: 371 - 378.

Gilbert, S. F. 2011. Ecological Developmental Biology: Redefining the spatial limits of development. Birth Def. Res. C. 93: 1 - 2.

Gilbert, S. F. 2011. Ecological Developmental Biology: Redefining the spatial limits of development. Birth Def. Res. C.  93: 1 -2.

Gilbert, SF 2011. Genetic and epigenetic sources of selectable variation. In Jablonka, E. and Gissis, S. (eds.) Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology. MIT Press, Cambridge. Pp. 283- 293.

Gilbert, S.F. 2011. The decline of soft inheritance. In Jablonka, E. and Gissis, S. (eds.) Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology. MIT Press, Cambridge, pp. 121-125.

Gilbert. S. F. and Braukmann, S. 2011. Fertilization narratives in the art of Gustav Klimt, Diego Rivera, and Frida Kahlo: Repression, Domination, and Eros among Cells. Leonardo 44: 221 - 227.

Gilbert, S. F. 2011. Evolution through developmental changes: How alterations in development cause evolutionary changes in anatomy," Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories. (Auletta, G., Leclerk, M, and Martínez, R. A., editors). Analecta Gregoriana 312: 153 - 167.

Gilbert S. F. 2011. Evolutionary developmental biology and Intelligent Design. Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories. (Auletta, G., Leclerk, M, and Martínez, R. A., editors). Analecta Gregoriana 312: 691 - 700.

Cebra-Thomas, J., Terrell, A., Shah, S., Gyi*, L., Yin, M., Hu*, Y., Gallagher, J., Betters*, E., and Gilbert. S. F. A second wave of trunk neural crest cell migration in turtles generates an ectomesenchymal dermis in the plastron. (manuscript submitted).

Gilbert, S. F. 2011. Commentary "The Epigenotype," by C. H. Waddington. International J. Epidemiology 41: 1-3.

Gilbert, S. F. 2011. Expanding the temporal dimensions of developmental biology: The role of environmental agents in establishing adult-onset phenotypes. In Pradeu, T. (ed) Boundaries of Development Special Issue. Biological Theory 6: 65-72.

Gilbert, S. F. 2012. Ecological developmental biology: Environmental signals for normal animal development. Evolution and Development 14: 20 - 28.  

Gilbert, S.F., Sapp. J., and Tauber, A. I. 2012. A symbiotic view of life: We have never been individuals. Quarterly Review of Biology 87: 325 - 341.

Gilbert, S. F. 2013. Wonder and the necessary alliances of science and religion. Euresis Journal 4: 7-30.

McFall-Ngai, M., Hadfield, M...Gilbert, S. F. et al. 2013. Animals in a bacterial world: A new imperative for the life sciences. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 110: 3229 - 3236.

Gilbert, S. F. and Corfe, I. 2013. Turtle origins: Picking up speed. Developmental Cell 25: 326-327.

Cebra-Thomas, J., Terrell, A., Shah, S., Gyi*, L., Yin, M., Hu*, Y., Gallagher, J., Betters*, E., and Gilbert. S. F. 2013. A second wave of trunk neural crest cell migration in turtles generates an ectomesenchymal dermis in the plastron. Developmental Dynamics 242: 1223 – 1235.

Gilbert, SF.   2014. Review of Raff, R. A. 2012. Once We All Had Gills. Reports of the National Center for Science Education 34.2, 9.3.

Gilbert, S. F. 2014. Symbiosis as a way of life: The dependent co-origination of the body. J. Biosciences 39: 201- 209.

Gilbert SF and Bard, J. 2014. Formalizing theories of development: A fugue on the orderliness of nature. Minelli, A and Pradeu, eds. Towards a Theory of Development. Oxford University Press.  Pp. 129 – 143.

Moustakas-Verho JE, Zimm R, Cebra-Thomas J, Lempiäinen NK, Kallonen A, Mitchell* KL, Hämäläinen K, Salazar-Ciudad I, Jernvall J, Gilbert SF. 2014. The origin and loss of periodic patterning in the turtle shell. Development 141: 3033- 3039.

Gilbert, SF. 2014. A holobiont birth narrative: The epigenetic transmission of the human microbiome. Frontiers Genetics doi: 10.3389/fgene.2014.00282.

Kaplinsky NJ, Gilbert SF, Cebra-Thomas J, Lilleväli K, Saare M, Chang* EY, Edelman* HE, Frick*, MA, Guan* Y, Hammond* RM, Hampilos* NH, Opoku* DSB, Sariahmed* K, Sherman* EA, Watson* R. 2013. The embryonic transcriptome of the red-eared slider turtle (Trachemys scripta). PLoS One  8(6): e66357.

Chiu, L. and Gilbert, S. F. 2015. The birth of the holobiont: Multi-species birthing through mutual scaffolding and niche construction. Biosemiotics doi: 10.1007/s12304-015-9232-5.

Rice, R., Riccio*, P., Gilbert, S. F., and Cebra-Thomas, 2015. Emerging from the rib: resolving the turtle controversies. J. Exp. Zool.B Mol Dev Evol 324: 208-220.

Moczek, A. P.,...Gilbert, S. F., and multiple others. 2015. The significance and scope of evolutionary developmental biology: a vision for the 21st century. Evolution and Development 17: 198 - 219.

Gilbert, S. F. 2015. Evolution through developmental change: How alterations in development cause evolutionary change in anatomy. In Sloan, P. R., McKenny, G., and Eggleson, K. (eds.) Darwin in the Twenty-first Century: Nature. Humanity. God. U. Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, IN. Pp. 35 - 60.

Gilbert, S. F. 2015. Republicans need to be countered on false claims about embryos. Huffington Post. 09/23/2015.

Alivisatos A. P. et al. 2015.Microbiome. A unified initiative to harness Earth's microbiomesScience 350:507- 508.

Gilbert S.F., Bosch, T.C., and Ledón-Rettig, C. 2015. Eco-Evo-Devo: developmental symbiosis and developmental plasticity as evolutionary agentsNature Reviews Genet. 16: 611-22.

Gilbert, S. F. 2015. DNA as our soul: Don't believe the advertising. Huffington Post (11/18/15).

Haraway, D., Ishikawa, N., Gilbert, S. F., Olwig, K., Tsing, A. L. and Bubandt, N. 2015. Anthropologists are talking--about the Anthropocene. Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology 2015 (pp. 1-30).

Moczek AP, Sears KE, Stollewerk A, Wittkopp PJ, Diggle P, Dworkin I, Ledon-Rettig C, Matus DQ, Roth S, Abouheif E, Brown FD, Chiu CH, Cohen CS, Tomaso AW, Gilbert SF, Hall B, Love AC, Lyons DC, Sanger TJ, Smith J, Specht C, Vallejo-Marin M, Extavour CG. 2015. The significance and scope of evolutionary developmental biology: a vision for the 21st century. Evol Dev. 17: 198-219. 

Gilbert. S. F. 2016. Developmental plasticity and developmental symbiosis: The return of Eco-Devo. Current Topics Developmental Biology 116: 415 – 433.

Gilbert, S. F. 2016. Ecological developmental biology: interpreting developmental signs. Biosemiotics 9: 51 – 60.

Borish, S. and Gilbert, S. 2016. Waddington’s epigenetic landscape, In Klinmanm R. M. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology. 4: 349 – 357. Oxford University Press.

Rice, R., Kallonen, A., Cebra-Thomas, J. and Gilbert, S. F. 2016. Development of the turtle plastron: the order-defining skeletal structure. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113: 5317-5322.

Gilbert, S. F. and Rice, R. 2016. General principles of differentiation and morphogenesis. In Epstein’s Inborn Errors of Development: The Molecular Basis of Clinical Disorders of Morphogenesis Third ed.  (R. P. Erickson, and Wynshaw-Boris, A. J. eds.) Oxford University Press, New York. Pp. 9-24.

Gilbert, S. F. and Tauber, A. I. 2016. Rethinking Individuality: The Dialectics of the Holobiont. Biology and Philosophy 31: 839 – 853.

Theis, KR, Dheilly, NM, Klassen, JL, Brucker, RM, Baines, JF, Bosch, TC, Cryan, JF, Gilbert, SF, Goodnight, CJ, Lloyd, EA, Sapp, J, Vandenkoornhuyse, P, Zilber-Rosenberg, I, Rosenberg, E, and Bordenstein SR. 2016.  Getting the hologenome concept right: an eco-evolutionary framework for hosts and their microbiomes. mSystems. 1(2). DOI: 10.1128/mSystems.e00028-16.

Darnell, D. and Gilbert, S.F. 2017. Neuroembryology. Wiley Interdiscip Rev. Dev Biol.  6(1). doi: 10.1002/wdev.215.

Gilbert, S. F. 2017. Ecological Developmental Biology. In Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0020479.pub2.

Tekko, T. Lakspere, T. Allikalt, A. End, J., Kõlvart, K. R., Terasmaa, A., Philips, M.-A., Visnapuu, T., Väärtnõu, F. Gilbert, S. F., Rinken, A., Vasar, E., and Lilleväli, K.  2017.  Wfs1 is expressed in dopaminoceptive regions of the amniote brain and modulates Levels of D1-like Receptors.  PLoS One 12(3):e0172825. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172825.

Gilbert, S. F. 2017. To stop abortions, protect the EPA, don’t attack Planned Parenthood. San Francisco Chronicle. Apr. 11.

Gilbert, S. F.  2017. “Biological Individuality: A relational reading,” in Nyhart, L. K. and Lidgard, S. (ed.) Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical and Historical Perspectives. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Moustakas-Verho, J., and Cebra-Thomas, J. and Gilbert, S. F. 2017. Patterning of the turtle shell. Curr. Opinions in Genetics and Development 45: 124-131.

Gilbert, S. F. 2017.  Holobiont by birth. Childbirth as maintenance of communities. In Tsing, A., Swanson, H., Gan, E. and Bubandt, N. (editors). Arts of Living on a Damaged Planet.  U. Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. Pp. M73-M89.

Rice, R., Cebra-Thomas, J, Haugas, M., Partanen, J., Rice, D. P. C., and Gilbert, S. F. 2017. Melanoblast development coincides with the late emerging cells from the dorsal neural tube in turtle Trachemys scripta. Science Reports 7: 12063. Doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-12352-0.

Roughgarden, J., Gilbert, S. F., Rosenberg, E., Zilber-Rosenberg, I, and Lloyd, E. A. Holobionts as units of selection and a model of their population dynamics and evolution. Biological Theory.

Gilbert, S. F. 2017. Developmental Biology: The stem cell of biological disciplines. PLoS Biol. 15:12:e2003691. 

Gilbert, S. F. 2018. "Perspective: Rethinking parts and wholes" In Landscapes of Collectivity In The Life Sciences. Gissis, S., Lamm, E., and Shavit, A. (ed.) MIT Press, Cambridge. 123-132. 

Gilbert, S. F., E. Rosenberg, and I. Zilber-Rosenberg. 2018. "The holobiont with its hologenome is a level of selection In evolution" In Landscapes Of Collectivity In The Life Sciences. In Gissis, S., Lamm, E., and Shavit, A. (ed.) MIT Press, Cambridge. 305-324. 

Gilbert, S. F. 2018. Achilles and the tortoise: Some caveats to mathematical modeling in biology. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology

Singh, K., Lilleväli, K., Gilbert, S. F., Bregin, A., Narvik, J., J. Mohan, Rahi, M. Innos, Philips, M.-A., and Vasar, E.  2018. The combined impact of Lsamp and Neurotrimin on hippocampal neuronal development and behavior in mice. Brain Research Bulletin 140: 5-18.  pii: S0361-9230(17)30720-7. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2018.03.013. 

Gilbert, S. F. 2018. Health fetishism among the Nacirema: A fugue on Jenny Reardon’s The Postgenomic Condition: Ethics, Justice, and Knowledge after the Genome (Chicago University Press, 2017) and Isabelle Stengers’ Another Science is Possible: A Manifesto for Slow Science (Polity Press, 2018). Organisms 2: 43-54

Gilbert, S. F. 2018. Wonder and the alliance of religion and biology for conserving nature. In Theology and Science: From Genesis to Astrobiology. J. Seckbach, ed. World Scientific Publishing, Singapore. Pp. 291-324. 

Gilbert, S. F. 2019. Towards a developmental biology of holobionts. In G. Fusco (ed.) Perspectives on Evolutionary and Developmental Biology: Essays for Alessandro Minelli. Padova University Press. P. 13-22.

Gilbert, S. F. and Gilbert, S. R. 2019.  Understories: a common ground for art and science. In Kiasma Museum Catalogue for Exhibition of Alma Heikkilä exhibit " ‘ , ‘ /~` mediums,.’_ ” bodies,.’_ ” ° ∞ logs,∞ ‘ , ‘ /~` ‘ holes, .’ `-. ` .’ — °habitats / /`‘ * ‘-‘ . ‘ , ‘ /~`want to feel (,) you inside \| * . . * * \| * . . *./. .-. ~ .’ ‘ , ‘ /~` ❅ ☼ ~", Helsinki, Finland.

Gilbert, S. F. Developmental symbiosis facilitates the multiple origins of herbivory. Evolution and Development. 22: 154-164. DOI: 10.1111/ede.12291

Gilbert, S. F. 2019. Evolutionary transitions revisited: holobiont evo-devo. Journal of Experimental Zoology. 332: 307-314. DOI: 10.1002/jez.b.22903

Brigandt I., Katz, L.A., Nanjundiah, V., Gilbert ,S.F., Grant ,P.R,. Grant, B.R., Love, A.C,, Newman, S.A., West-Eberhard, M.J. 2019: John Tyler Bonner: Remembering a scientific pioneer. J. Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 332: 365-370. doi: 10.1002/jez.b.22920.

Gilbert, S. F. 2020. Metaphors for a new body politic: Gaia as holobiont. In A Book of the Body Politic: Connecting Biology, Politics and Social Theory. Edited by Bruno Latour, Simon Schaffer, Pasquale Gagliardi. San Giorgio Dialogue 2017. Pp. 75 - 88.

Sariola, S. and Gilbert, S. F. 2020. Toward a symbiotic perspective on public health: Recognizing the ambivalence of microbes in the Anthropocene. Microorganisms  8: 746. doi:10.3390/microorganisms8050746

Chiu, L. and Gilbert, S.F. 2020. Niche construction and the transition to herbivory: Phenotype switching and the origination of new nutritional modes. Phenotype Switching: Implications in Biology and Medicine. H. Levine, M. Jolly, P. Kulkarni, and V. Nanjundiah, eds.  Elsevier, London.  Pp. 459- 482.

Baedke, J. and Gilbert S. F. 2020. Evolution and DevelopmentStanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Gilbert, S. F. 2020. Biden-Harris Would Adhere to Law, Constitution.  Portland Tribune. October 14, 2020.

Gilbert, S. F.  2020. Holobionts can evolve by changing their symbionts and hostsFeral Qualities (ed. A. Tsing).

Gilbert, S. F. 2021. Evolutionary developmental biology and sustainability: A biology of resilience. Accepted by Evolution and Development.

Gilbert, S. F. 2021. Preface. Current Topics in Developmental Biology 141: Evolutionary Developmental Biology Academic Press. Cambridge, MA Pp. xiii - xxii.

Gilbert, S. F. 2021. Systemic racism, systemic sexism, and the embryological enterprise. Developmental Biology 473: 97 - 104. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2021.02.001

Jagomäe, T., Singh, K., Philips, M., Jayaram, M., Seppa, K., Tekko, T.,  Gilbert, S.F., Vasar, E., and Lilleväli, K. 2021. Alternative promoter use governs the expression of IgLON cell adhesion molecules in histogenetic fields of the embryonic mouse brain. Int. J. Molecular Sciences

O, Curry, S., and Gilbert, S. F. 2021. Choosing life stories: Body as teacher. Mother Pelican

Gilbert, S. F. 2021. Como era en umpricipio, ahotra y siempre, por los siglos de los siglos. (As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be.) Microhabitable. (Lucia Pietroiusti, Fernando Garcia Dory, ed.) Matedero, Madrid, pp. 34-45.

Gilbert S. F. 2022. Review of Ruston, S. 2021. The Science of Life and Death in Frankenstein. FASEB J. 36: e22420.

Gilbert, S. F. and Hadfield, M. 2022. Symbiosis of disciplines: How developmental biology can join conservation biologists in sustaining and restoring earth's biodiversity. Development 149: doi:10.1242/dev.199960



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Gilbert, S. F. (coordinator). 1994-1997. Zygote:

A Developmental Biology Teaching Fileserver. On Fetch, Gopher, and World Wide Web.

Gilbert, S. F. (coordinator) 1997-2000. Zygote: A Developmental Biology

Gilbert, S. F. (coordinator) 2000-present. DevBio: A Companion to Developmental Biology.

Gilbert, S. F. 1999-present. (Developmental Biology editor). Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Macmillan, London.

Gilbert, S. F. 2000. Predator-induced polyphenism. In The Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Macmillan, London.

Gilbert, S. F. 2002. "Teaching evolution through development."

Tyler, M. S., Kozlowsky, R. N. and Gilbert, S. F. 2003. Differential Expressions: Key Experiments in Developmental Biology. CD and DVD. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

Tyler, M. S., Kozlowsky, R. N. and Gilbert, S. F. 2006. Differential Expressions: Key Experiments in Developmental Biology. 2nd edition. CD and DVD. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

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