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Hugh Lacey

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy

Contact

  1. Email:hlacey1@swarthmore.edu
  2. Phone: (610) 328-8427
Hugh Lacey, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy

Education | Positions Held | Visiting Appointments | Awards/Honors |

Publications: Books | Selected Articles

Education:

University of Melbourne (Australia): B.A. (1962); M.A. (1964); Indiana University: Ph.D. (1966).

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Positions Held:

  • Swarthmore College, Senior Research Scholar, 2003 - Department of Philosophy: Professor, 1978- 2003; Associate Professor, 1972-78; Instructor, 1965-66.
  • University of São Paulo (Brazil), Institute of Advanced Studies: Research Fellow, and Coordinator of the Working Group in Agroecology, Group of Studies in Philosophy, History and Sociology of Science and Technology, 20011 - ; Department of Philosophy: Professor Collaborador, 1969-72; Research Fellow, 2003 - 2010.
  • University of Sydney (Australia), Program in History and Philosophy of Science, Faculty of Science: Lecturer, 1966-69.
  • University of Melbourne (Australia), Department of Mathematics: Senior Tutor, 1963; Tutor, 1962.

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Visiting Appointments:

  • Universidade de São Paulo (Summer 1973; Fall 1996; Fall 2000; Spring 2004), 
  • University of Pennsylvania, Fall 1995; Fall 2002; Fall 2004,), 
  • University of Melbourne (Visiting Associate, Spring 1996),
  • Instituto de Teologia Moral, São Paulo (Spring 1988; Fall 1992), 
  • Pontifícia Universidade Católica, São Paulo (Fall 1992), 
  • Universidad Centroamericana, El Salvador (Summer 1991), 
  • Rosemont College (Fall 1988), 
  • Villanova University (Visiting Professor of Christian Philosophy, Fall 1984), 
  • Temple University (Spring 1983), 
  • Bryn Mawr College (Fall 1981), 
  • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Summer 1977)

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Awards/Honors:

  • Fulbright Travel Grant, 1963-65; FAPESP (Research Foundation of the State of São Paulo), 1969,1973, 1996, 2000, grants for research, travel and lectures.
  • US National Science Foundation, grants: "Conceptions of Human Nature and Theoretical Conflict in Psychology," 1975-76; "Choice: Psychological Theories and their Philosophical Foundations," 1979-9; "How Value Free Is the Science of Psychology?" 1983-84; "Biotechnology or Agroecology: In the Light of Competing Moral and Social Values," 2000. "The Structure of the Ethical Controversies about Transgenic Crops," 2004.
  • Small Grant from NSF/American Philosophical Association ("Philosophical Explorations of Science, Technology and Diversity"): "Seeds and their Socio-cultural Locus", 2001.
  • Dyason Lecturer: Australasian Association for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science, Melbourne (June 1996).
  • Swarthmore College: Eugene M. Lang Research Professor (1992-96); Lindback Distinguished Teaching Award (1999-2000); Scheuer Family Professor of Humanities (2000-03 Emeritus, 2003 - ).

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Books

 

  • Valores e Atividade Científica 1. São Paulo: Associação Filosófica 'Scientiae Studia' & Editora 34, 2008.     
  • Valores e Atividade Científica 2. São Paulo: Associação Filosófica 'Scientiae Studia' & Editora 34. 2010.
  • A Controvérsia sobre Transgênicas: Questões científicas e éticas. São Paulo: Editora Ideias e Letras, 2006.
  • Values and Objectivity in Science; current controversy about transgenic crops. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2005.
  • Psicologia Experimental e Natureza Humana: Ensaios de Filosofia de Psicologia. Florianópolis, S.C.: Núcleo de Epistemologia e Lógica, Universidade Federal de Santa Caterina, 2001.
  • Is Science Value Free? Values and Scientific Understanding. London & New York: Routledge, 1999; Paperback edition 2004. (Amazon) - (Barnes & Noble) - Tripod  (Russian translation, Moscow: LOGOS Publishing House, 2001.)
  • Valores e Atividade Científica. São Paulo: Discurso Editorial, 1998.
  • Towards a Society That Serves Its People: The Intellectual Contribution of El Salvador's Murdered Jesuits (edited by John Hassett & Hugh Lacey). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1991. (Amazon) - (Barnes & Noble) - Tripod
  • Behaviorism, Science and Human Nature (Barry Schwartz & Hugh Lacey). New York: W.W. Norton, 1982.
  • A Linguagem do Espaço e do Tempo. São Paulo: Editôra Perspectiva, 1972.

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Selected Articles

  • ‘Food and agricultural systems for the future: science, emancipation and human flourishing’. Journal of Critical Realism 14 (3), 2015: 272–286.
  • ‘Holding” and “endorsing” claims in the course of scientific activities’. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 53, 2015: 89–95.
  • ‘Science, emancipation, and the variety of forms of knowledge’. Review of Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Epistemologies of the South: Justice against epistemicide. Metascience 24 (1), 2015: 159–162.
  • A agroecologia: uma ilustração da fecundidade da pesquisa multiestratégica’. Estudos Avançadas, 29 (No. 83), 2015: 175–181.
  • ‘Neutralidade como uma aspiração da ciência contemporânea?’ In Albuquerque, Leila M. B. de & Puttini, Rodolfo F. (eds.), Questões sobre a ética e a inocência do método, pp. 61–82. São Paulo: Annablume/FAPESP, 2015.
  • Review of Robert Lassalle-Klein, Blood and Ink: Ignacio Ellacuría, Jon Sobrino, and the Jesuit martyrs of the University of Central America. The Americas: A Quarterly Review of Latin American History 72 (3), 2015: 519–521.
  • ‘On the co-unfolding of scientific knowledge and viable values’. In P. Schroeder-Heister, W. Hodges, G. Heinzmann and P. E. Bour (eds.), Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Congress, pp. 269–284. London: College Publications, 2014.
  • ‘Science, respect for nature, and human well-being: democratic values and the responsibilities of scientists today’, Foundations of Science. Published on-line October 21, 2014. DOI: 10.1007/s10699-014-9376-9.
  • ‘O modelo da interação entre as atividades científicas e os valores na interpretação das práticas científicas contemporâneas’ (co-author: Pablo Mariconda). Estudos Avançadas, 28 (No. 82), 2014: 181–199.
  • ‘Tecnociência comercialmente orientada ou pesquisa multiestratégica?’. Scientiae Studia 14 (4), 2014: 669–695.

  • ‘Scientific research, technological innovation and the agenda of social justice, democratic participation and sustainability. Scientiae Studia 12 (Special Issue), 2014: 37–55.

  • ‘Fact/Value Dichotomy’. In J. Britt Holbrook & Carl Mitcham (eds.), Ethics, Science, Technology, and Engineering: A Global Resource, 2nd Edition, vol. 2, pp. 223–226. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2014.

  • ‘Inovação tecnocientífica e as responsabilidades de cientistas e cientistas sociais’ Norus: Novos Rumos Socioleogicos 1 (2), 2014: 64–78.

  • Review of Ruth Groff & John Greco (eds.), Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism. Journal of Critical Realism 13 (3), 2014: 326–332.

  • ‘Rehabilitating neutrality’. Philosophical Studies 162, 2013: 77–83.

  • ‘Technology for social inclusion’. Peace Review 25 (1), 2013: 74–82.

  • ‘Value neutrality in science’. In Byron Kaldis (ed.) Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 1033-1036. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2013.

  • ‘Is science compatible with religion but not with naturalism?’ Review of Alvin Plantinga, Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, religion, and naturalism. Metascience 22 (2013): 423–426.

  • ‘Valores e atividade científica: Entrevista de Hugh Lacey por Alexandre Quaresma’, Filosofia: ciência e vida, Nº 89, December, 2013: 5–13.

  • ‘Ciência e valores: Entrevista com Hugh Lacey’ (interview with Marcelo Carvalho e Maria Ester Rabello). In Marcelo Carvalho & Gabriele Cornette (eds.) Filosofia: Conhecimento e Linguagem, vol. 4, pp. 97–112. Cuiabá, MT: Central de Texto, 2013.

  • ‘The Eagle and the Starlings: Galileo’s argument for the autonomy of science – how pertinent is it today?’ (co-author: Pablo Mariconda). Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 43 (1), 2012: 122–131.

  • ‘Reflections on science and technoscience’. Scientiae Studia 10 (Special Issue), 2012: 103–128.

  • ‘Qual é o alcance da pesquisa científica?’. In C.C. Silva & L. Salvatico (eds.), Filosofia e história da ciência no Cone Sul. Seleção de trabalhos do 7º Encontro de AFHIC, pp. 162–170. Porto Alegre: Entrementes Editorial, 2012.

  • ‘Pluralismo metodológico, incomensurabilidade, e o status científico do conhecimento tradicional’. Scientiae Studia 10 (3), 2012: 425–453.

  • ‘Las diversas culturas y la práctica de la ciencia’. In F. Tula Molina & G. Giuliano (eds.), Culturas Científicas y Alternativas Tecnológicas, pp. 133–169. Buenos Aires: Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva), 2012.

  • Review of Décio Krause & Antonio Videira, eds., Brazilian Studies in Philosophy and History of Science: An account of recent work, Dordrecht: Springer, 2011, Science & Education, 21 (5), 2012: 763–766.

  • A interação da atividade científica, visões de mundo e perspectivas de valores’. In Eduardo R. Cruz (ed.), Teologia e Ciências Naturais: Teologia da criação, ciências naturais e tecnologia em diálogo, pp.127–147. São Paulo: Editora Paulinas, 2011.

  • ‘A imparcialidade e as responsabilidades dos cientistas’, Scientiae Studia 9 (3), 2011: 487-500.

  • Preface to Márcia M. Tait, Tecnociência e Cientistas: Cientificismo e Controvérsias na política de biossegurança brasileira, pp. 13–29. São Paulo: Editora Annablume, 2011.

  • 'Integrative pluralism', Essay Review of Sandra D. Mitchell, Unsimple truths: science, complexity and policy (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2009),  Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 42 (1), 2011: 218-221.
  • "Progress and the values it secretes". Review of Volney Gay, Progress and Values in the Humanities: Comparing culture and science (New York: Columbia University Press), Metascience. Published on line, January 5, 2011, .
  • "Food crises and global warming: Critical Realism and the need to re-institutionalize science", (co-author: M. I. Lacey) in Roy Bhaskar, Cheryl Frank, Karl Georg Høyer, Petter Naess & Jenneth Parker (eds), Interdisciplinarity and Climate Change. London: Routledge, 2010.
  • “The ethics of science and technology,” in Pablo Lorenzano, Hans-Jyrg Rheinberger, Eduardo Ortiz and Carlos Delfino Galles (eds.), History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, vol. 3 [a volume of Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS)], pp. 258–291. Oxford: UNESCO Publishers–EOLSS publishers, 2010.
  • "Democratic values, technoscientific progress, and the responsibilities of scientists", in Roberto de A. Martins, Lucía Lewowicz, J.M.H. Ferreira, C.C. Silva, & L.A. P. Martins (eds.) Filosofia e história da ciência no Cone Sul. Seleção de trabalhos do 6º Encontro, pp. 1-9. Campinas: AFHIC, 2010.
  • "The interplay of scientific activity, worldviews and value outlooks", Science & Education 18, 2009 (6-7): 839-860.                                                          
  • "O lugar da ciência no mundo dos valores e da experiência humana", Scientiae Studia 7, 2009, 681-701.
  • "La ética y el desarrollo de la nanotecnologia", Realidad (El Salvador), Nº. 19, 2009: 78-90.
  • 'A ciência e os perigos do aquecimento global', Folha de São Paulo,  A3, December 20, 2009.
  • 'Entrevista: Hugh Lacey', interview conducted by Brena Paula Fernandes, Trabalho, Educação e Saúde 7 (3), 2009: 623-628.
  • "Ciência, respeito à natureza e bem-estar humano", Scientiae Studia 8, 2008, 297-327. 
  • "Crescimento econômico, meio-ambiente e sustentabilidade social: a responsabilidade dos cientistas e a questão dos transgênicos", in Gilberto Dupas (ed.), Meio-ambiente e Cresimento Econômico: Tensões estruturais, pp. 91-130. São Paulo: Editora UNESP, 2008.
  • "Can the threads of fact and value be disentangled?" in Roberto Martins, et al. (eds.) Filosofia e História da Ciência no Cone Sul, Seleção de trabalhos do 5o Encontro, pp. 5-16. Campinas: AFHIC, 2008.
  • Prefácio a Marcelo Leite, Ciência - Use com cuidado, pp 13-16. Campinas: Editora da UNICAMP, 2008.
  • Review of Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our duties to protect the environment and public health (New York: Oxford University Press). Ethics 118, 2008, 757-761.
  • "Human well-being and respect for nature", in Val Noone (ed.)  Golden Years, Grounds for Hope: Father Golden and the Newman Society 1950-1966, pp.  166-170. Melbourne: Golden Project, 2008. 
  • "On the aims and responsibilities of science", Principia 11, 2007: 45-62. 
  • "Há alternativas ao uso dos transgênicos?" Novos Estudos CEBRAP 78, July 2007, 31-39.
  • "Science and human well-being: toward a new way of structuring scientific activity, " in B. de Sousa Santos (ed.), Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent knowledge for a decent life, pp. 183-201. Lanham: Lexington, 2007.
  • "Intentional behaviorism and the intentional scheme", Behavior and Philosophy 35, 2007: 101-111.
  • "Pesquisas com células-tronco embrionárias" Folha de São Paulo,  A3, September 23, 2007.
  • "Explanatory critique," in M. Hartwig (ed.), Dictionary of Critical Realism, pp. 196-201. London: Routledge, 2007
  • "The social location of scientific practices," in Tom Rockmore & Joseph Margolis (eds), History, Historicity and Science, pp. 137-166. Aldershot (UK): Ashgate, 2006.
  • "O Princípio de Precaução e a autonomia da ciência," Scientia Studia 4, 2006, 373-392
  • "B.F. Skinner," in Donald Borchert (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2nd.ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2006.
  • "Relações entre fatos e valores," Cadernos de Ciências Humanas 9, 2006: 251-266.
  • Review of Nicholas Maxwell, Is Science Neurotic? (London: Imperial College Press). Mind 108, 2006: 1154-1158.
  • "On the interplay of the cognitive and the social in scientific practices," Philosophy  of Science 72, 2005: 977-988. 
  • "Listening to the evidence," in Sibelan Forrester & Thomas Newlin (eds), Towards a Classless Society: Studies in literature, history and politics in honor of Thompson Bradley, pp. 213-226. Bloomington: Slavica, 2005.
  • "Fact/Value dichotomy," in Carl Mitchum (ed.), Encyclopedia of Scienec, Technology and Ethics." Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference, 2005.
  • "Is there a significant distinction between cognitive and social values?" in Peter Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds), Science, values and objectivity, pp. 24-51. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 2004.
  • "Assessing the environmental risks of transgenic crops," Transformação 27 (1), 2004: 111-131.
  •  "Perspectivas eticas: O uso de OGMs na agriculture," Ciencia Hoje 34 (April 2004), No. 203; 50-52.
  • "Seeds and their socio-cultural nexus," in S. Harding & R. Figueroa (eds), Science and Other Cultures: Issues in the philosophy of science and technology, pp. 91-105. New York, Routledge, 2003.
  • "Ellacuria on the dialectic of truth and justice," Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 13 (2003): 157-171.( Spanish translation : "Los Planteamientos de Ellacuria sobre la dialectica de verdad y justicia.Realidad (2002), No. 90; 767-783).
  • "The behavioral scientist qua scientist makes value judgements," Behavior and Philosophy31 (2003): 209-223.
  • "The apt word,Swarthmore College Bulletin, September 2003: 20-21.
  • "A ciencia e o bem-estar humana: uma nova maneira de estruturar a atividade cientifica, " in Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.), Conhecimento Prudente para uma Vida Decente: Um Discurso sobre as Ciencias Revisitado., pp. 449-469. Porto: Afrrontamento, 2003; (Sao Paulo: Cortez Editora, 2004, pp. 471-493).
  • "Explanatory critique and emanciptory movements", Journal of Critical Realism 1 (2002): 7-31
  • "Assessing the value of transgenic crops," Ethics in Science and Technology, 8 (2002): 497-511.
  • "Tecnociência e os valores do Forum Social Mundial" in Isabel Maria Loureiro, Maria Elisa Cevasco & José Corrêa Leite (eds), O Espírito de Porto Alegre, pp. 123-147. Editora Paz e Terra 2002.
  • "Teleological behaviorism and altruism," The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2002): 266-267.
  • "Where values interact with science," in S. Clough (ed.) Feminism, social justice and analytic philosophy: siblings under the skin, pp. 233-272. Aurora, CO: Davies (Critical Studies in the Humanities), 2002.
  • "The ways in which the sciences are and are not value free," in P. Gardenfors, K. Kijania-Placek & J. Wolenski (eds), In the scope of logic, methodolology and philosophy of science: Volume two of the 11th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Cracow, August 1999, pp. 513-526. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2002. (Portuguese translation: "As formas nas quais as ciências são e não são livre de valores," Crítica 6 (2000) , No. 21: 89-111).
  • "Listening to the evidence: service activity and understanding social phenomena," in C. D. Lisman & I. Harvey (eds.), Beyond the Tower: Concepts and models for service learning in philosophy, pp. 53-68. Washington, DC: American Association for Higher Education, 2000.
  •  "Scientific understanding and the control of nature," Science and Education 8 (1999): 13-35.
  • "On cognitive and social values: a reply to my critics," Science and Education 8 (1999): 89-103.
  • "Science and values (2)," Manuscrito 22 (1999): 165-203.
  • "Values and the conduct of science: principles," Principia 3 (1999): 57-85.
  • "The dialectic of science and advanced technology: an alternative?" Democracy and Nature 4 (1) (1998): 34-53. (Abbreviated version: "Can there be a moral critique of science?" Res Publica (Australia) 6 (1) (1997): 9-14).
  • "On the limits of radical behaviorism: a reply to Leigland's reply," Behavior and Philosophy 26 (1998): 63-71.
  • "The constitutive values of science," Principia (Brazil) 1 (1997): 3-40.
  • "Neutrality in the social sciences: On Bhaskar's argument for an essential emancipatory impulse in the social sciences," Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior 27 (1997): 213-241. (Reprinted in M. Archer, R. Bhaskar, A. Collier, Lawson, T & Norrie, A. (eds), Critical Realism: Essential Readings, pp. 473-502. London: Routledge, 1998).
  • "Ciência e valores," Manuscrito 20 (1997): 9-36; Cadernos Renop 4: 5-27.
  • "Behaviorisms: theoretical and teleological. " Review article. Behavior and Philosophy 23 (1996): 61-78.
  • "The formation and transformation of values" (coauthor: B. Schwartz), in W. O'Donohue & R. F. Kitchener (eds), The philosophy of psychology. pp. 319-338. London: Sage, 1996. (Portuguese translation: "A formação e a transformação de valores," Psicologia Revista 1 (1995): 91-124).
  • "On relations between science and religion" Science and Education 5 (1995): 143-153.
  • "The legacy of El Salvador's murdered Jesuits." Review article, Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 6(2) (1995): 113-126.
  • "¿ Que tipo de ciencia le sirve al desarrollo auténtico?" Realidad No. 39 (1994): 369-382.
  • "Notes on the Dialectic of Truth and Justice," in B. Schwartz (ed), Educating for Social Responsibility in a Multicultural World, The Swarthmore Papers 1 (1993): 107-116.
  • "Catholic Social Thought and Economic Systems: Capitalism and socialism," in R. Duska (ed), Rerum Novarum, A Symposium Celebrating 100 Years of Catholic Social Thought, pp. 135-164. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellon Press, 1992.
  • "Comprehending Reality from the Perspective of the Poor" (coauthor: J. Hassett), in J. Hassett & H. Lacey (eds), Towards a Society That Serves Its People: The Intellectual Contribution of El Salvador's Murdered Jesuits, pp. 1-15. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1991.
  • "Liberation Theology and Human Rights," Proceeding from the 38th Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountains Council of Latin American Studies, pp. 101-110, 1991.
  • "Understanding Conflicts between North and South," in M. Dascal (ed.), Cultural Relativism and Philosophy: North and Latin American Perspectives, pp. 243-262. Leiden: E.J. Brill. (Spanish translation: "La comprensión de los conflictos entre norte y sur," in M. Dascal (ed) Relativismo Cultural y Filosofia: Perspectivas Norteamericana y Latino americana, pp. 329-358. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).
  • "Interpretation and Theory in the Natural and Human Sciences: A note on Kuhn and Taylor," Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior20 (1990): 197-212. (Portuguese translation: "Interpretação e Teoria nas Ciências Naturais e nas Ciências Humanas: Comentários a respeito de Kuhn e   Taylor," Transformação20 (1997): 87-106).
  • "What Applied Studies of Human Operant Conditioning Tell Us about Humans and about Operant Conditioning" (coauthor: B. Schwartz), in G. Davey and C. Cullen (eds), Human Operant Conditioning and Behavior Modification, pp. 27-42. New York: Wiley, 1988.
  • "The Explanatory Power of Radical Behaviorism" (coauthor: B. Schwartz), in S. and C. Modgil (eds), B.F. Skinner: Consensus and Controversy, pp. 165-176. London: Falmer Press, 1987.
  • "The Rationality of Science," in J. Margolis, M. Krausz and R. Burian (eds), Rationality, Relativism and the Human Sciences, pp. 127-149. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1986.
  • "Behaviorism, Intentionality and Socio-historical Structure" (coauthor: B. Schwartz), Behaviorism 14 (1986): 193-210.
  • "On Liberation," Cross Currents 35 (1985): 219-241.
  • "Constraints upon Acceptable Theories: Chomsky's Analogy between Language Acquisition and Theory Formation," Pacific Philosophical  Quarterly 65 (1984): 166-178.
  • "Spatial Ontology and Physical Modalities" (coauthor: E. Anderson), Philosophical Studies 38 (1980): 261-285.
  • "Psychological Conflict and Human Nature: the case of behaviorism and cognition,"Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior 10 (1980): 131-155. 1979
  • "Control, Perceived Control and the Methodological Role of Cognitive Constructs," in L.C. Perlmuter and R.A. Monty (eds.), Choice and Perceived Control, pp. 5-16. Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum & Associates, 1979.
  • "Skinner on the Prediction and Control of Behavior," Theory and Decision 10 (1979): 353-385. (Portuguese translation: "A Posicão de Skinner acerca da Predicão e Controle do Comportamento," Cadernos de História e Filosofia da   Ciência 6: 5-34).
  • "Behavior, Cognition and Theories of Choice" (coauthor: H. Rachlin) Behaviorism 6 (1979): 177-202.
  • "Operant Psychology as Factory Psychology" (coauthors: B. Schwartz and R.Schuldenfrei), Behaviorism 6 (1979): 229-254.
  • "The Scientific Study of Linguistic Behavior: A Perspective on the Skinner-Chomsky Controversy," Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior 4 (1974): 17-51.
  • "Quine on the Logic and Ontology of Time," Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1971): 47-67.
  • "The Scientific Intelligibility of Absolute Space: A study of Newtonian argument," The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21 (1970): 317-42.
  • "What the Gödel Formula Says" (coauthor: G. Joseph), Mind 77 (1968): 77-83.
  • "The Causal Theory of Time: A critique of Grünbaum's version," Philosophy of Science 35 (1968): 332-54.
  • "Empiricism and Augustine's Problems about Time," The Review of Metaphysics 22 (1968): 219-45. (Reprinted in R. Markus (ed), Augustine: A Collection of Critical Essays, pp. 280-308. New York: Doubleday, 1972).

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