Sitting in Darkness

Sitting in Darkness:
New South Fiction, Education, and the Rise of Jim Crow Colonialism, 1865-1920

by Peter Schmidt
forthcoming, University Press of Mississippi

Sitting in Darkness

Table of Contents


Part I: Black Education in Fiction from Reconstruction to Jim Crow: Discovering a Liberal Arts Model for Citizen-Building in a Multiracial Democracy

Chapter One: Changing Views of Post-Civil War Black Education in the Fiction of Lydia Maria Child, Ellwood Griest, and Constance Fenimore Woolson, 1867-1878 -- 54

Chapter Two:A Fool's Education: Albion Tourgée's A Fool's Errand, The Invisible Empire, and Bricks Without Straw (1879-1880) -- 87

Chapter Three: Of the People, By the People, and For the People: Frances E. W. Harper's Cultural Work in Iola Leroy (1892)--10

Chapter Four: Conflicted Race Nationalism: Sutton Griggs' Imperium in Imperio (1899) -- 12

Chapter Five: Lynching and the Liberal Arts: Rediscovering George Marion McClellan's Old Greenbottom Inn and Other Stories (1906) -- 133

Part II: Jim Crow Colonialism's Dependency Model for "Uplift": Promotion and Reaction

Chapter Six: Ghosts of Reconstruction: Samuel C. Armstrong, Booker T. Washington, and the Disciplinary Regimes of Jim Crow Colonialism -- 167

Chapter Seven: From Planter Paternalism to Uncle Sam's Largesse Abroad: Ellen M. Ingraham's Bond and Free (1882) and Marietta Holley's Samantha at the St. Louis Exposition (1904) -- 204

Chapter Eight: Counter-Statements to Jim Crow Colonialism: Mark Twain's "To the Person Sitting in Darkness" (1901) and Aurelio Tolentino's Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow (1905) -- 220

Chapter Nine: Educating Whites to Be White on the Global Frontier: Hypnotism and Ambivalence in Thomas Dixon and Owen Wister (1900-1905) -- 247

Part III: The Dark Archive: Early Twentieth-Century Critiques of Jim Crow Colonialism by New South Novelists

Chapter Ten: The Education of Walter Hines Page: A Gentleman's Disagreement with the New South in The Southerner: Being the Autobiography of "Nicholas Worth" (1909) -- 290

Chapter Eleven: Anti-Colonial Education? W. E. B. Du Bois' Quest of the Silver Fleece (1911) and Darkwater (1920) -- 317

Chapter Twelve: Romancing Multiracial Democracy: George Washington Cable's Lovers of Louisiana (To-Day) (1918) -- 340