Links & Resources

The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement

Many thanks to Marc Lewis, Marc Richards, Dimitar Entchev, Peyton McCrary, Freddie LaFemina, Michael Klarman and the Office of the Provost of Swarthmore College for making this website possible.

Richard M. Valelly
Professor of Political Science
Swarthmore College
Ph: 610-328-8099

..the miracle of democracy is that conflicting political forces obey the results of voting. People who have guns obey those without them. Incumbents risk their control of governmental office by holding elections. Losers wait for their chance to win office. Conflicts are regulated, processed according to rules, and thus limited. This is not consensus, yet not mayhem either. Just limited conflict; conflict without killing. Ballots are 'paper stones,' as Engels once observed.
Adam Przeworski (1999)