Publications available for download

Publications in Linguistics: Books

(sorry -- most books are covered by copyright -- so only these are available here)

  1. The two si’s of Italian: an analysis of reflexive, inchoative, and indefinite subject sentences in modern standard Italian. (Indiana University Linguistic Club, 1976--a printing of the 1973 dissertation). [pdf]
  2. Humour in Sign Languages: The Linguistic Underpinnings. Dublin, Ireland: Trintity College Dublin, 2009. (with Rachel Sutton-Spence) [pdf]

Publications in Linguistics: Articles and Review Articles

[Note: Publications on deaf advocacy or deaf literacy  -- in medical and legal journals and elsewhere -- are numbers 56, 57, 62, 66, 67, 68, 74, 75, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88.]

  1. The no-crossing filter, Papers from the Tenth Regional Meeting: Chicago Linguistic Society, Michael W. La Galy et al., eds. (Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, 1974): 482-491. [pdf]
  2. In chaos or inchoative?: An analysis of inchoatives in modern standard Italian, Linguistic studies in Romance languages,  Joe Campbell et al., eds. (Washington, DC: Georgetown .U. Press, 1974): 219-236. [pdf]
  3. Una breve analisi dei verbi modali potere e dovere, Fenomeni morfologici e sintattici nell'italiano contemporaneo, Mario Medici and Antonella Sangregorio, eds. (Rome: Bulzoni, 1974): 233-240. [pdf]
  4. Consistency, Language 51, 4 (1975): 831-844. [pdf]
  5. A global agreement phenomenon, Linguistic Inquiry VI, 3 (1975): 413-435. [pdf]
  6. A note on synalepha and stress maxima, Poetics (1975): 401-410.[pdf]
  7. Negatives in comparatives, Language 52, 4 (1976): 811-838. (with Marina Nespor). An earlier version appears as: “Superfically illogical ‘non’: negatives in comparatives,” in Studies in Romance Linguistics, M. P. Hagiwara, ed. (Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1977): 61-95. [pdf]
    A translation of the later version appears as “Negazioni nelle comparative,”[pdf] in La grammatica: aspetti teorici e didattici, Federico Albano Leoni and M. Rosaria Pigliasco, eds. (Rome: Bulzoni,1979): 367-400.
  8. Infinitival relatives in Italian<, Current studies in Romance linguistics, Marta Lujan and Fritz Hensey, eds. (Washington, DC:  Georgetown U. Press, 1976): 300-29. [pdf]
  9. At least two si’s, Italian Linguistics 2 (1976): 123-48. [pdf]
  10. Variations on relative clauses in Italian, Studies in language variation, Ralph W. Fasold and Roger W. Shuy, eds. (Washington, DC: Georgetown U. Press, 1977): 37-50. [pdf]
  11. A look at some adverbs and prepositions in Italian: Evidence for syntactic analogy, Montreal working papers in linguistics 10. (Montreal: McGill U., 1978): 191-218. [pdf]
  12. Definites in ‘there’ sentences, Language 54, 2 (978): 300-13. (with Emily Rando). [pdf]
  13. The metrics of Italian nursery rhymes, Language and Style XI, l (1978): 40-58. [pdf]
  14. On the progress of women in linguistics, National Council of Administrative Women in Education News. (Arlington, VA: NCAWE, 1978). [pdf]
  15. Reflexivization across clause boundaries in Italian, Journal of Linguistics 15, l (1979): 1-28. [pdf]
  16. Modal da with avere, Journal of Italian Linguistics l (1979): 203-28. (with Vincenzo Lo Cascio). [pdf]
  17. The syntax of word-initial consonant gemination in Italian, Language 55, 4 (1979): 812-41. (with Marina Nespor). [pdf]
  18. Subject pronouns: The pronominal system of Italian versus French, Papers from the Seventeenth Regional Meeting: Chicago Linguistic Society, A. Hendrick et al., eds. (Chicago:CLS, 1981): 249-276. [PDF}
  19. Semantic interpretation vs. lexical governance: Clitic climbing in Italian, Language 57, 4 (1981): 841-887. [pdf]
  20. Initial material deletion in English, Glossa:An International Journal of Linguistics 16, 1(1982):85-111. [pdf]
  21. Comparative rather, Journal of Linguistics 18, 1. (1982): 137-165. with Thomas Dieterich). [pdf]
  22. Review Article of Binding and Filtering, Frank Heny, ed. (Cambridge, MA: M.I.T Press, 1981) in Language 59, 2 (1983): 360-372.  [pdf]
  23. Missing complement sentences in English: A base analysis of null complement anaphora, Linguistic Analysis 12,1 (1983): 1-28. [pdf]
  24. Comparative ellipsis: A phrase structure analysis, Linguistic Inquiry 14, 4 (1983): 675-94. [pdf]
  25. Review Article of Proceedings of the Tenth Anniversary Symposium on Romance Linguistics, Heles Contreras and Jurgen Klausenburger, eds., published as Papers in Romance, supplement II, vol. 3. (Seattle: U. of Washington, l981) in Romance Philology XXXVIII, 1 1984): 72-83. [pdf]
  26. Complementaton in Italian: Phonetically null vs. totally absent complements, Language 61, 1 (1985): 73-94. [pdf]
  27. Verb phrase deletion in English: A base generated analysis, Journal of Linguistics 21, 2 (1985): 281-319. [pdf]
  28. Comparative structures in Italian, Language 62, 3 (1986): 622-53. (with Marina Nespor). [pdf]
  29. Inflected prepositions in Italian, Phonology Yearbook 4 (1987): 195-209. (with Joel Nevis). [pdf]
  30. Stress in second conjugation infinitives in Italian, Italica 64, 3 (1987): 477-98. (with Stuart Davis and Linda Manganaro). [pdf]
  31. A correspondence rule in Robert Frost’s poetry and its significance for metrical theory, Language and Style 20, 4 (1987): 371-383. [pdf]
  32. On predication and identity within NPs, Advances in Romance Linguistics: Papers of the 16th    Symposium in 1986, David Birdsong and Jean-Pierre Montreuil, eds. (Dordrecht: Foris, 1988): 289-318. [pdf]
  33. Subjects and external arguments/clauses and non-clauses, Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (1988): 323-354. [pdf]
  34. Review Article on Italian syntax by Luigi Burzio (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1986) in Language 64, 1 (1988): 130-142. [pdf]
  35. A metrical grid analysis of Chinese regulated verse, Penn Review of Linguistics 13 (1989): 23-37. [pdf]
  36. What is wrong and what is right about i-within-i, CLS 25 (1989): 315-327. (with Jack Hoeksema). [pdf]
  37. The destiny of Latin second conjugation infinitives in Romance, Probus 2, 2 (1990): 125-168. (with Stuart Davis). [pdf]
  38. A condition on circular chains: A restatement of i-within-i, Journal of Linguistics 26 (1990): 403-424. (with Jack Hoeksema). [pdf]
  39. The conjugations of Italian, Italica 67, 4 (1990): 479-502. (with Irene Vogel). [pdf]
  40. Phonetics and phonology: An extended syllabus prepared for the New Liberal Arts (1990). A 29 page description of how we teach phonetics and phonology at Swarthmore College, with explanations of how and why one might want to teach both articulatory and acoustic phonetics and descriptions of the use of the phonetics lab.  It’s circulated by the New Liberal Arts Program of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation through SUNY at Stony Brook, NY as part of their effort to bring technology into courses that attract humanities students. [pdf]
  41. The tonal system of Chinese regulated verse, Journal of Chinese Linguistics 19 (1991): 243-293. reprinted with slight revisions in Annali Lettere II, 2 (Università di Ferrara, Italy, 2007) [pdf]
  42. Phonological factors of conjugation class shift in the Romance languages, Twenty- Fifth Anniversary Volume (Bloomington, IN: Indiana U. Linguistics Club, 1992): 1-12. (with Stuart Davis). [pdf]
  43. Secondary resultative predicates in Italian, Journal of Linguistics 28, 1 (1992): 53-90. [pdf]
  44. The double-object construction, domain asymmetries, and linear precedence, Linguistics 30 (1992): 837-871. [pdf]
  45. Paratactic and subordinative so, Journal of Linguistics 29 (1993): 291-314. (with Jack Hoeksema). [pdf]
  46. Resultatives, The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 7, R. E Asher and J.M. Simpson, eds. (United Kingdom: Pergamon Press and Aberdeen U. Press, 1994): 3562-3566. reprinted in Concise Encyclopedia of  Grammatical Categories (United Kingdom:  Elsevier Science, 1999). [pdf]
  47. The Verbal component in Italian compounds, Contemporary research in Romance linguistics: Papers from the LSRL XXII, Jon Amastae, Grant Goodall, Mario Montalbetti, and Marianne Phinney, eds. (Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1995): 367-381. (with Irene Vogel). [pdf]
  48. Evaluative affixes in Italian, Yearbook of Morphology1994 (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995): 151-178. (with Bill Reynolds). [pdf]
  49. On root structure and the destiny of the Latin second conjugation, Folia Linguistica Historica XVI (1996): 97-113. (with Stuart Davis). [pdf]
  50. An OT account of Italian codas, Proceedings of ESCOL 1995, Marek  Przezdziecki and Lindsay Whaley, eds. (Ithaca: Cornell U. Press, 1996): 212-223. (with Naomi Nagy). [pdf]
  51. Hand en Mond: Tong en Nagel: Een Vergelijking van de Morfologische Mogelijkheden van ASL en Gesproken Talen, Taalkundig 2 26, 4 (1996): 213-231. (with Ted Fernald). [pdf]
  52. Exploitation of morphological possibilities in signed languages: Comparison of American Sign Language with English, Sign Language and Linguistics 3, 1 (2000): 3-58. (with Ted Fernald). [pdf]
  53. Morpheme structure constraints on two-handed signs in American Sign Language: Notions of symmetry, Sign Language and Linguistics 6, 2 (2003): 123-205. (with Jeff Wu). [pdf]
  54. Linguistics as a tool in teaching fiction writing, Language in the schools, Kristin Denham and Anne Lobeck, eds. (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2005): 209-222. [pdf]
  55. Do animals use language?, The 5 minute linguist: Bite-sized essays on language and languages, Rick Rickerson and Barry Hilton, eds. (London: Equinox Publishing Ltd., 2006): 62-66. [pdf]
  56. Societal responsibility and linguistic rights: the case of deaf children, Journal of Research in Education 17 (2007): 41-53. (with Shannon Allen and Doreen DeLuca). [pdf]
  57. A bilingual approach to reading, Signs and voices: Deaf matters in language, arts, and identity, D. DeLuca, K. Lindgren, and D.J. Napoli, eds. (Washington, DC: Gallaudet U. Press, 2008): 150-159. (with Doreen DeLuca). [pdf]
  58. Energy and symmetry in language and yoga, Leonardo 41, 4 (2008): 333-338. (with Sally Hess). [pdf]
  59. Just for the hell of it: A comparison of two taboo-term constructions, Journal of Linguistics 44, 2 (2008): 347-378. (with Jack Hoeksema). [pdf]
  60. The grammatical versatility of taboo-terms, Studies in Language 33,3 (2009): 612-643. (with Jack Hoeksema). [pdf]
  61. Anthropomorphism in sign languages: A look at poetry and storytelling with a focus on British Sign Language, Sign Language Studies 10, 4 (2010): 442-475. (with Rachel Sutton-Spence). [pdf] (reprinted in German translation as Anthropomorphismus in Gebärdensprachen am Beispiel von Geschichten und Poesie: Eine Untersuchung mit dem Fokus auf Britischer Gebärdensprache, Zeitschrift für Sprache und Kultur Gehörloser 90 (2012): 140-159). [pdf].
  62. Infants and children with hearing loss need early language access, Journal of Clinical Ethics 21, 2 (2010): 143-154, (with Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Christopher J. Moreland, Wendy Osterling, Carol Padden, and Christian Rathmann). [pdf]
  63. Limitations on simultaneity in sign language, Language 86, 3 (2010): 647-662. (with Rachel Sutton-Spence). [pdf]
  64. Sign language humor, human singularities, and the origins of language, Deaf around the world: The impact of language, G. Mathur and D.J. Napoli, eds. (Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 2010): 231- 250. (with Rachel Sutton-Spence). [pdf]
  65. Why go around the Deaf world, Deaf around the world: The impact of language, G. Mathur and D.J. Napoli, eds. (Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 2010): 3-15. (with Gaurav Mathur). [pdf]
  66. Language needs of deaf and hard-of-hearing infants and children: Information for spiritual leaders and communities, Journal of Religion, Disability & Health 15, 3 (2011): 272-295. (with Teresa Blankmeyer Burke, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Christian Rathmann, and Kirk VanGilder). [pdf]
  67. Language acquisition for deaf children: Reducing the harms of zero tolerance to the use of alternative approaches, Harm Reduction Journal 9: 16 (2012). (with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith). [pdf] Available at:
  68. Cochlear implants and the right to language: Ethical considerations, ideal situation, and practical measures toward reaching the ideal, Cochlear Implant Research Updates, C. Umat and R. A. Tange, eds. InTech (2012, ISBN 978-953-51-0582-4) (with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith). [pdf]
  69. Do animals use language?, The 5 minute linguist: Bite-sized essays on language and languages, 2nd edition (revised article). Rick Rickerson and Barry Hilton, eds. (London: Equinox Publishing Ltd., 2012, 72-76. [pdf]
  70. Taboo expressions in American Sign Language, Linqua 122 (2012) 1004-1020. (with Gene Mirus and Jami Fisher). [pdf] For the appendix and illustrations [pdf]
  71. Deaf jokes and sign language humor, HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 25, 3 (2012): 311-337. (with Rachel Sutton-Spence). [pdf]
  72. Bleached taboo-term predicates in American Sign Language, Linqua 123 (2013) 148-167. (with Gene Mirus and Jami Fisher). [pdf]
  73. How much can classifiers be analogous to their referents?  Gesture 13, 1(2013): 1-27. (with Rachel Sutton-Spence).[pdf]
  74. The right to Language, Law, Medicine & Ethics 41, 4(2013): 872-884. (with Tom Humphries, Raja Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith).[pdf]
  75. Bilingualism: A pearl to overcome certain perils of cochlear implants, Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology 21, 2 (2014): 107-125 (with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith).[pdf]
  76. A drive for articulatory ease in spoken and sign languages.  Language 90, 2 (2014): 424-456  (with Nathan Sanders and Becky Wright) [pdf]
  77. Order of the major constituents in sign languages; Implications for all language, Language by Mouth and by Hand. Iris Berent and Susan Goldin-Meadow, eds.  (Frontiers in Psychology, section Language Sciences) (2014) (with Rachel Sutton-Spence). [pdf]
  78. Ensuring language acquisition for deaf children: What linguists can do. Language 90, 2 (2014):e31-e52. (with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, and Christian Rathmann). [pdf]
    German translation [pdf]
  79. A Magic Touch: Deaf Gain and the benefits of tactile sensation, Deaf Gain: Re-imagining human diversity.  H-Dirksen Bauman and Joseph Murray, eds. (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press) (2014) [prepublication pdf].
  80. What medical education can do to ensure robust language development in deaf children, Medical Science Educator (published online October 2014 (with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Robert Pollard, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith). [pdf]
  81. Ethics Rounds: Should All Deaf Children Learn Sign Language? Pediatrics (published online 15 June 2015) (with Nancy Mellon, John Niparko, Christian Rathmann, Gaurav Mathur, Tom Humphries, Theresa Handley, Sascha Scrambler, and John Lantos) [prepub pdf]
  82. Shared reading activities: A recommendation for deaf children. Global Journal of Special Education and Services (published online 31 July 2015).(with Gene Mirus) [pdf]

  83. Language choices for deaf infants: Advice for parents regarding sign languages. Clinical Pediatrics (2015).(with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith) doi: 10.1177/0009922815616891 [prepub version pdf]

  84. Reactive effort as a factor that shapes sign language lexicons. Language 92, 2 (2016): 275-297 (with Nathan Sanders).   An abridged version appears as Signs of efficiency: Maintaining torso stability affects sign language vocabulary. Natural History (October, 2016):28-33 [prepub version with small stylistic errors].

  85. RISE eBooks: Leveraging off-the-shelf software components in support of deaf literacy. Computers Helping People with Special Needs, vol. 9758 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2016): 389-396  (with Riley Collins and Gene Mirus).

  86. Fun bilingual-bimodal ebooks for deaf children: Developing language and preliteracy skills. Revista Sinalizar 1.2 (2016): 152-178. (with Gene Mirus) (available: pdf

  87. Avoiding linguistic neglect of deaf children. Social Service Review 90.4 (2016): 589-619. (with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith).[prepub version]

  88. Discourses of prejudice in the professions: The case of sign languages. Journal of Medical Ethics  March 2017. (with Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, and Scott Smith). [prepub version]

  89. Iconicity chains in sign languages, On looking into words (and beyond), Clarie Bowern, Laurence Horn, and Raffaella Zanuttini, eds. (Berlin: Language Science Press, 2017): 517-546 [prepub version]

  90. A cross-linguistic preference for torso stability in the lexicon: Evidence from 24 sign languages.  Sign Language & Linguistics 19.2 (forthcoming) (with Nathan Sanders). [prepub version]

  91. Suggestions for a parametric typology of dance.  Leonardo 50.5 (October 2017) (with Lisa Kraus). [prepub article] [prepub appendix].

  92. Influence of predicate sense on word order in sign languages: Intensional and extensional verbs. Language (forthcoming 2017) (with Rachel Sutton-Spence and Ronice Quadros de Müller) [I will upload this soon]

Publications in Linguistics: Reviews and Book Notices (if you want others, just ask)

Review of La sintassi dell’infinito in italiano moderno. 2  vols. Études romanes de l'Université de Copenhague [= Revue romane, suppl. 27], Gunver Skytte. (Copenhagen: Munksgaards Forlag, 1983), in Romance Philology XXXIX, 2  (1985): 249-250. [pdf]


Review of Introducing Sign Language Literature, Rachel Sutton-Spence and Michiko Kaneko (London: Palgrave, 2016), in Sign Language Studies, 17, 4 (2017): 516-519. [pre publication pdf]