Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Records of the American Friends Service Committee:
Civilian Public Service, 1940-1947
Prison Service Committee, 1943-1947

Collection: DG 002

Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (curator)
Fax: 610-690-5728
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/

Descriptive Summary
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
American Friends Service Committee
American Friends Service Committee: Civilian Public Service [or Prison Service Committee] Records
Inclusive Dates
Call Number
DG 002

Language of Materials
Materials in English
278.25 feet (Civilian Public Service) and 5.75 feet (Prison Service Committee) [records only]
Organized to provide alternative service for conscientious objectors, who were assigned "work of national importance under civilian direction; the historic peace churches (Church of the Brethren, Religious Society of Friends and the Mennonite Church) band ed together to form the National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NISBRO) which coordinated the civilian public service (CPS) program; the American Friends Service Committee administered seventeen CPS camps and over thirty special service units which provided an alternative service program for 3400 men between 1941 and 1946.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Yes [some boxes are stored off-site and must be requested two weeks in advance of visiting the SCPC.]
Usage Restrictions
Yes [restrictions for Parts 1, 2 and 4 in place until the year 2020. Researchers using the contents of these Parts in any public format must disguise the identity of any individual conscientious objector. Researchers who wish to use the collection must agree to this stipulation.]
Alternate Form of Material
Acquisitions Information
Gift of
E. Raymond Wilson and others, 1940- ; AFSC CPS Office and miscellaneous camp records, 1946, 1963
Processing Information
Checklist revised by Anne Yoder, August 2001
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Records of the American Friends Service Committee: Civilian Public Service [or Prison Service Committee] (DG 002), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the American Friends Service Committee, the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record

Related Collections

Center on Conscience and War [formerly called NSBRO and NISBCO] (DG 025)
Civilian Public Service Union (DG 008)
Civilian Public Service: Personal Papers and Collected Materials (DG 056)

For information on holdings re: conscientious objection/objectors in the SCPC, see list

Historical Background
The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) was set up in June 1917 as an outgrowth of and coordination point for the anti-war and relief activities of various bodies of the Religious Society of Friends in the United States. A co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1947, the AFSC continues to work to relieve human suffering and to find new approaches to world peace and non-violent social change.

Most of the AFSC records are stored at the AFSC archives in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The SCPC serves as the repository for AFSC files from the World War II Civilian Public Service and the Prison Service Committee. It also holds a small manuscript collection of additional miscellaneous material from the AFSC [CDG-A: American Friends Service Committee]

Arrangement of Collection

Part 1: CPS Administrative Files

Part 2: Case Files (includes medical files) of Men in CPS [finding aid not available
on-line; restrictions apply;
many boxes
stored off-site. Call ahead for permission to use and for retrieval of boxes]

Part 3: CPS Camp Periodicals

Part 4: AFSC Prison Service Committee Records [
restrictions apply; call ahead for permission to use]
Part 5: Later Accessions

Appendices [not available on-line]: reference lists of (A) CPS camps; (B) CPS project
units; (C) religious denominations with number of men in CPS

This file was last updated on February 20, 2013.