Jeannette Rankin Collected Papers, 1917- 2011
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator); Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (Curator); URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers/records.
Rankin, Jeannette (1880-1973)
Jeannettee Rankin Collected Paper
Language of Materials
Materials in English
5 linear inches [papers only]
Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973), was the first woman to serve in Congress (1917-1919). She was an active suffragist and later worked in peace organizations such as the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and the National Council for Prevention of War. Rankin founded the Georgia Peace Society in the 1940s, and led the Jeannette Rankin Brigade, an all-women's protest march against the Vietnam war shortly before her death.
Restrictions to Access
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, original letters removed to restricted area, photocopies included in CDG-A
Processed by Peace Collection staff; this finding aid created by Wendy Chmielewski and Eden Hogge, June 2014; edited by Anne Yoder, 2016
[Identification of item], in the Jeannette Rankin Collected Papers (CDG-A), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright may have been transferred to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection or may have been retained by the creators/authors (or their descendants), in this collection, as stipulated by United States copyright law. Please contact the SCPC Curator for further information.
Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record
National Council for Prevention of War (DG 023)
Women Strike for Peace (DG 115)
Wilmer Brandt Collected Papers (CDG-A)
Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973), of Montana was the first woman to serve in Congress (1917-1919). She was one of more than fifty members of Congress to vote against U.S. entry into World War I. This vote probably cost her any hopes of re-election or of her intention to run for the Senate. Rankin later worked in peace organizations such as the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and served as the legislative secretary for the National Council for Prevention of War. In 1940 Rankin was again elected to Congress from Montana. She was the only member of Congress to vote against U.S. entry into World War II, after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Once again her vote was unpopular with the Montana electorate and she was not re-elected. In the 1940s Rankin traveled to India following her interest in Gandhian pacifism. On her return and move to Georgia, founded the Georgia Peace Society. When activists from Women Strike for Peace began organizing the first all-women's protest march against the war, they contacted Rankin asked for her support. This march and Congressional lobbying effort was named the Jeannette Rankin Brigade, and Rankin lead the demonstration to the Capitol in January of 1968. Rankin died in 1973 of natural causes.
The items in this collection have been collected from various sources and consist mostly of secondary material.
Letters from Jeannette Rankin to Wilmer Brandt (1952-1973, undated) are available in the Wilmer Brandt Collected Papers.
Photos to the Photograph Collection
Stickers to the Stamp/Sticker/Envelope Collection
Posters to the Poster Collection [see the National Council for Prevention of War posters]
Detailed Description of the Collection
Biographical information: play "Year of the Woman" about Rankin
Disposition of Rankin Papers at Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College
FBI Files re: Rankin and The Rankin Brigade
Writings; Statements; Involvements; etc.
Reference Material, 1920s
Reference Material, 1930s [2 folders]
Reference Material, 1951-1952