Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Ludwig Quidde Collected Papers, 1881-1941

Collection: CDG-B Germany

Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/

Descriptive Summary
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is not the official repository for these papers/records.
Quidde, Ludwig (1858 - 1941)
Ludwig Quidde Collected Papers
Inclusive Dates
Call Number
CDG-B Germany

Language of Materials
Materials in German and English
5 linear inches [papers only]
Ludwig Quidde, editor and historian, authored a pamphlet ostensibly about emperor Caligula which in fact was a satire on Emperor Wilhelm II, for which he gained national notoriety in Germany. After entering politics, he helped to reorganize the German People's Party in 1895 which was, in political philosophy, anti-prussian and antimilitary. In 1914 he was elected president of the German Peace Society, a position he held for fifteen years. He was the winner of the 1927 Nobel Peace Prize which he shared with Ferdinand Buisson of France.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Usage Restrictions
Alternate Form of Material
Acquisitions Information
Processing Information
Processed by SCPC staff; checklist prepared by Anne Yoder, December 1997; this finding aid created by Eleanor Fulvio, August 2010; updated by Wendy Chmielewski, December 2015.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Ludwig Quidde Papers (CDG-B Germany), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record

Related Collections
German Peace Society Collected Documents [Deutsche Friedensgelsellschaft] (CDG-B Germany)
Helene Stocker Papers (DG 035)
Der erste Schritt zur Weltabrustung: Denkschrift by Quidde in the Book Collection

Historical Background
Dr. Ludwig Quidde was born on March 23, 1858 in Bremen, Germany. He studied history, philosophy and economics at the Universities of Strasburg and Goettingen, graduating from the latter in 1881. After receiving a doctorate, he spent much time in foreign travel and then became chair of history at the University of Munich. In 1889, he founded the German Review of Historical Societies.

Quidde came to national attention in 1894 with the publication of his satire on the Kaiser, called "Caligula: A Study in Caesarian Insanity," a severe attack on the regime of the then youthful monarch, Wilhelm II. Two years later Quidde was imprisoned for three months for his critique of the adoration bestowed on William 'the Great.'

In 1895, Quidde became President of the Democratic Party of Bavaria. From 1902-1910, he was a member of the Town Council of Munich, 1907-1919 of the Bavarian Parliament, and 1919-1920 of the Constituent National Assembly of Weimar.

The German Peace Society was founded in 1892, with Quidde being one of its earliest members. In 1894, he established a Munich branch of the Society. He became President of the German Peace Society in May 1914, and was also Vice-President of the International Peace Bureau. In these capacities, he worked against Prussian militarism and imperialism, as well as against German-French rivalry, earning for himself the dislike of the monarchial government. In fact, his correspondence was under secret surveillance for years. He joined many pacifist societies, wrote on peace issues, and traveled widely to promote peace through negotiation. He was also active in the International Union of Democratic and Radical Parties. He favored the disarmament of Germany, and in 1928 proposed that it incorporate the Kellogg Peace Pact in its constitution. Quidde was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1927, which he shared with Prof. Ferdinand Buisson of France.

During World War I, Quidde was exiled from Berlin for his peace principles; he escaped imprisonment only because he was a member of the Bavarian Parliament. He lived in Switzerland until the war ended. In 1924, Quidde was indicted for high treason for an article he wrote warning the German government about the dangers inherent in the country's increased toleration of militarism. He was imprisoned, and was liberated only because of international pressure. In 1938, Quidde was living in Austria but was forced to flee to Switzerland when the Nazis invaded Austria. He lived in Switzerland until his death at 82 in early March 1941. No information about his wife is available.

In 1937, Quidde informed Ellen Starr Brinton, the curator of the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, that his 40 years of peace correspondence had been confiscated by the Munich Police. It contained valuable letters from Jane Addams, William Jennings Bryan, David Starr Jordan, and others. For several years Brinton attempted to get the correspondence released, but was not successful. His papers were never retrieved and were eventually destroyed in the bombing of Munich during the Second World War.

Collection Overview
Collected papers of Ludwig Quidde include: biographical information; correspondence with Ellen Starr Brinton (first Curator of the Swarthmore College Peace Collection); correspondence with Frederick J. Libby (founder and executive secretary of National Council for Prevention of War); pamphlets and other writings by Quidde

Items removed:
Photographs of Quidde are available in the Photograph Collection (4"x5"/5"x7") and in a scrapbook (Oversize Scrapbook: Germany)

Detailed Description of the Collection
Box 1
Checklist and removal sheets
Material about Quidde
- Biographical information; includes 1/ "Ludwig Quidde" by Hans Wehberg, 1948, 2/ "Der Fall Quidde: Tatsachen und Dokumente Zusammengestellt und Eingeleitet" by Gerhart Seger, 1924, and 3/ "Quidde und Hohmann gegen Eisner," 1918

Correspondence of Ellen Starr Brinton re: Quidde papers, 1937-1939; includes letters from Quidde
Request from Quidde for aid for exiled pacifists, 1937 (June 29)
Correspondence between Quidde and Professor Ernst Bernheim, 1880-1895
Correspondence between Quidde and Frederick J. Libby, 1923-1930
Correspondence between Quidde and Frederick J. Libby, 1931-1933, 1936

Writings by Quidde; includes:
- "Le Desarmement" (Bureau International de la Paix, Geneva), 1927
- MS "The First Step Toward World Disarmament: Memoir," 1927
- "Eine Vorkampferin des Friedens" (Die Friedenswarte No. 5/6), 1939

Pamphlets by Quidde; includes:
-"Konig Sigmund und das Deutsche Reich von 1410 bis 1419 (1. Die Wahl Sigmunds): Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der philosophischen Doctorwurder an der Georg-Augusts-Universitat zu Gottingen," 1881
-"Die Entstehung des Kurfurstencollegiums: Eine verfassungsgeschichtliche Untersuchung" (Frankfurt), 1884

-"Die Vayerische Steuerreform" (Munich), 1909
- "Zur Organisation der Interparlamentarischen Union: Fragen der Mitgliedschaft und des Stimmrechts" (Berlin), 1911
- "Projet d'un Traite International pour la Limitation des Armements" (XX Congres Universal de la Paix a La Haye), 1913
- "Internationale Verstandigung uber Beschrankung der Rustungen: Vertragsentwurf vorgelegt und erlautert auf den XX Weltfriedenskongress im Haag 1913" (GENF, Buchdruckerei Albert Kundig), 1914
-"Auf dem Wege zum dauernden Frieden: Deutsche und englische Voraussetzungen fur Friedensverhandlungen, Eine Petition an den Deutschen Reichstag mit Beilagen," 1917
-"Friede im Osten und Friede im Westen: Zwei Eingaben an den Deutschen Reichstag" (Frankfurt), 1918
-"Volkerpolitik in Vergangenheit und Zukunst: Drei Reden" by H.v. Gerlach, Dr. Helene Stocker and Dr. L. Quidde (Berlin), 1919
- "La question des responsabilites: Comment devons-nous la traiter?" (Rome), 1921
- "Volkerbund und Demokratie" (Berlin), 1922
- "Volkerbund und Friedensbewegung" (Frankfurt), 1922
- "Volkerbund und Friedensbewegung" (Leipzig), ca. 1924?
- "Caligula Im Kampf gegen Casarismus und Byzantinismus: Eine Studie uber romischen Casarenwahsinn" (Berlin), 1926
- "Der Erste Schritt zur Weltabrustung" (Berlin), 1927
-"Histoire de la Paix Publique en Allemagne au Moyen Age" (Academie de Droit International, Paris), 1929
-"Die Geschichte des Pazifismus" (Berlin), undated [post-1921]
-"Eroffnungsrede und Rechenschaftsbericht des Vorsitzenden der Deutschen Friedensgellschaft" (Oldenburg), undated
-"Die Schuldfrage," undated

This file was last updated on December 3, 2015 .