- ASTR 001. Introductory Astronomy
The scientific investigation of the universe by observation and theory, including the basic notions of physics as needed in astronomical applications. Topics may include the appearance and motions of the sky; history of astronomy; astronomical instruments and radiation; the sun and planets; properties, structure, and evolution of stars; the galaxy and extragalactic systems; the origin and evolution of the universe; and prospects for life beyond Earth.

- Natural sciences and engineering practicum.
- Includes six evening labs.
- 1 credit.
- Grocholski.

- ASTR 016. Modern Astrophysics
This is a one-semester calculus- and physics-based introduction to astrophysics as applied to stars, the interstellar medium, galaxies, and the large-scale structure of the universe.

- Natural science and engineering.
- The course includes four evening laboratories and observing sessions.
- 1 credit.
- Cohen.

- ASTR 094. Research Project
(Cross-listed as PHYS 094)

- Staff.

- ASTR 126. The Interstellar Medium
Study of the material between the stars and radiative processes in space, including both observational and theoretical perspectives on heating and cooling mechanisms, physics of interstellar dust, chemistry of interstellar molecules, magnetic fields, emission nebulae, hydrodynamics and shock waves, supernova remnants, star-forming regions, the multiphase picture of the interstellar medium.

- Natural science and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Cohen.

- ASTR 180. Honors Thesis
(Cross-listed as PHYS 180)

- 1 or 2 credits.
- Staff.

- PHYS 003. General Physics I
Topics include vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws and dynamics, conservation laws, work and energy, oscillatory motion, systems of particles, and rigid body rotation. Possible additional topics are special relativity and thermodynamics.

- Natural sciences and engineering practicum.
- Includes one laboratory weekly.
- 1 credit.
- Graves.

- PHYS 005. Spacetime and Quanta
This course presents an introduction to the twin pillars of contemporary physics: relativity and quantum theory. Students will explore the counterintuitive consequences of special relativity for our understanding of space and time, and the nature of the subatomic quantum world, where our notions of absolute properties such as position or speed of a particle are replaced by probabilities. It is the usual entry point to majoring or minoring in astronomy, astrophysics, or physics, and is a pre or co-requisite for the sophomore-level physics major curriculum; it welcomes both non-majors and prospective majors who are interested in engaging rigorously and deeply with both the mathematical and conceptual descriptions of physics. Physics 005 will be taught seminar style with student presentation of problem solutions and ideas playing an essential role. Includes some afternoon labs and some evening telescope observing.

First-year students and any others who have not previously taken a course in the NSE division are required to register for and participate in the Thursday evening problem session, Physics 5X, led by the course instructors and designed to help students develop strong problem-solving skills. Other students are encouraged to participate if their schedules permit.

Not eligible for NSEP credit.

- Natural science and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Crouch and Smith.

- PHYS 007. Introductory Mechanics
An introduction to classical mechanics. This course is suitable for potential majors, as well as students in other sciences or engineering who would like a course with more mathematical rigor and depth than PHYS 003. Includes the study of kinematics and dynamics of point particles; conservation principles involving energy, momentum and angular momentum; rotational motion of rigid bodies, and oscillatory motion.

- Natural sciences and engineering practicum.
- Includes one laboratory weekly: used for hands-on experimentation and occasionally for workshops that expand on lecture material.
- 1 credit.
- Guess.

- PHYS 063. Procedures in Experimental Physics
Techniques, materials, and the design of experimental apparatus; shop practice; printed circuit design and construction. This is a 0.5-credit course open only to majors in physics, astrophysics, or astronomy.

- 0.5 credit.
- Technical staff.

- PHYS 081. Advanced Laboratory I
This is the first of a two-semester sequence designed to fulfill the physics major advanced laboratory requirement. Students will perform projects in digital electronics. They will also perform experiments chosen from among the areas of thermal and statistical physics, solid state, atomic, plasma, nuclear, biophysics, condensed matter physics, and advanced optics.

- Writing course.
- 0.5 credit.
- Light.

- PHYS 082. Advanced Laboratory II
This is the second of a two-semester sequence designed to fulfill the physics major advanced laboratory requirement. Students will perform projects in digital electronics. They will also perform experiments chosen from among the areas of thermal and statistical physics, solid state, atomic, plasma, nuclear, biophysics, condensed matter physics, and advanced optics. When both PHYS 081 and PHYS 082 are taken, students will receive credit for having completed a writing (W) course.

- Writing course.
- 0.5 credit.
- Light.

- PHYS 083. Advanced Laboratory I and II
This course is designed to fulfill the physics major advanced laboratory requirement for students who have already had sufficient experience with digital electronics (ENGR 072 or the equivalent). Students will perform experiments chosen from among the areas of thermal and statistical physics, solid state, atomic, plasma, nuclear, biophysics, condensed matter physics, and advanced optics.

- Writing course.
- 0.5 credit.
- Light.

- PHYS 093. Directed Reading
This course provides an opportunity for an individual student to do special study, with either theoretical or experimental emphasis, in fields not covered by the regular courses and seminars. The student will present oral and written reports to the instructor.

- 0.5, 1, or 2 credits.
- Staff.

- PHYS 094. Research Project
Initiative for a research project may come from the student, or the work may involve collaboration with ongoing faculty research. The student will present a written and an oral report to the department.

- 0.5, 1, or 2 credits.
- Staff.

- PHYS 095. Introduction to Science Pedagogy: Theory and Practice
This course is designed for students who are interested in learning about issues surrounding science education, particularly at the high school and college level. How do students most effectively learn science? How can we facilitate this learning process as instructors and educators? How do we best assess whether such learning is happening? Since the course will integrate educational theory with concrete, practical strategies for becoming better teachers, it will be particularly relevant for students currently serving as Science Associates (or those who are interested in being Science Associates.) We will touch on issues related to students' conceptual development and conceptual change, collaborative learning, as well as practical issues encountered when engaging in responsive, interactive teaching. This is a seminar course where students are responsible for weekly readings (1-2 papers per week from the education research literature), in class discussions, and brief written reflections. Students will be encouraged to bring to the discussion their own unique experiences as both science students and science teachers.

(Cross-listed as EDUC 075)

- 0.5 credit.
- Geller.

- PHYS 111. Analytical Dynamics
Intermediate classical mechanics. Motion of a particle in one, two, and three dimensions; Kepler's laws and planetary motion; phase space; oscillatory motion; Lagrange equations and variational principles; systems of particles; collisions and cross sections; motion of a rigid body; Euler's equations; rotating frames of reference; small oscillations; normal modes; and wave phenomena.

- Natural sciences and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Light.

- PHYS 112. Electrodynamics
Electricity and magnetism using vector calculus, electric and magnetic fields, dielectric and magnetic materials, electromagnetic induction, Maxwell's field equations in differential form, displacement current, Poynting theorem and electromagnetic waves, boundary-value problems, radiation and four-vector formulation of relativistic electrodynamics.

- Natural sciences and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Brown.

- PHYS 139. Biophysics
This seminar will provide an introduction to the study of biological systems using the tools of the physical sciences. Topics will include the role of statistical phenomena in life; feedback and control processes in biological networks; biological electricity; fluid dynamics as they pertain to organisms (both unicellular and multicellular), and topics chosen from the literature by the members of the seminar.

- Natural sciences and engineering.
Cross-listed with CHEM 114 Biophysics

- 1 credit.
- Fall 2016. Crouch.

- PHYS 180. Honors Thesis
Theoretical or experiment work culminating in a written honors thesis. Also includes an oral presentation to the department. This course must be completed by the end of, and is normally taken in, the fall semester of the student's final year.

1 or 2 credits.

- Staff.

- ASTR 001. Introductory Astronomy
The scientific investigation of the universe by observation and theory, including the basic notions of physics as needed in astronomical applications. Topics may include the appearance and motions of the sky; history of astronomy; astronomical instruments and radiation; the sun and planets; properties, structure, and evolution of stars; the galaxy and extragalactic systems; the origin and evolution of the universe; and prospects for life beyond Earth.

- Natural sciences and engineering practicum.
- Includes six evening labs.
- 1 credit.
- Grocholski.

- ASTR 016. Modern Astrophysics
This is a one-semester calculus- and physics-based introduction to astrophysics as applied to stars, the interstellar medium, galaxies, and the large-scale structure of the universe.

- Natural science and engineering.
- The course includes four evening laboratories and observing sessions.
- 1 credit.
- Cohen.

- ASTR 061. Current Problems in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Reading and discussion of selected research papers from the astronomical literature. Techniques of journal reading, use of abstract services, and other aids for the efficient maintenance of awareness in a technical field.

Credit/No Credit only. May be repeated for credit.

- 0.5 credit.
- Staff.

- ASTR 094. Research Project
(Cross-listed as PHYS 094)

- Staff.

- ASTR 123. Stellar Astrophysics
An overview of physics of the stars, both atmospheres and interiors. Topics may include hydrostatic and thermal equilibrium, radiative and convective transfer nuclear energy generation, degenerate matter, calculation of stellar models, interpretation of spectra, stellar evolution, white dwarfs and neutron stars, nucleosynthesis, supernovae, and star formation.

- Natural science and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Cohen.

- ASTR 180. Honors Thesis
(Cross-listed as PHYS 180)

- 1 or 2 credits.
- Staff.

- PHYS 004. General Physics II
Topics include wave phenomena, geometrical and physical optics, electricity and magnetism, and direct and alternating current circuits. Possible additional topics may be added.

- Natural sciences and engineering practicum.
- Includes one laboratory weekly.
- 1 credit.
- Light.

- PHYS 004L. General Physics II: Electricity, Magnetism, and Optics with Biological and Medical Applications
PHYS 004L will cover the same topics as PHYS 004 but will emphasize biological, biochemical, and medical applications of those topics. The course will meet medical school requirements (in conjunction with PHYS 003) and will include a weekly laboratory. Students who wish to take PHYS 004L before PHYS 003 must have some high school physics background and obtain permission from the instructor.

- Natural sciences and engineering practicum.
- 1 credit.
- Geller.

- PHYS 008. Electricity, Magnetism, and Waves
A sophisticated introductory treatment of wave and electric and magnetic phenomena, such as oscillatory motion, forced vibrations, coupled oscillators, Fourier analysis of progressive waves, boundary effects and interference, the electrostatic field and potential, electrical work and energy, D.C. and A.C. circuits, the relativistic basis of magnetism, Maxwell's equations, and geometrical optics.

- Natural sciences and engineering practicum.
- Includes one laboratory weekly.
- 1 credit.
- Smith.

- PHYS 013. Thermodynamics / Statistical Mechanics
A half-semester introductory course in thermal and statistical physics. Topics include energy, heat, work, entropy, temperature (the First, Second and "Third" Laws of Thermodynamics), heat capacity, ideal gases, paramagnetism, phase transitions, and the chemical potential. This course serves as a prerequisite for PHYS 114 and for PHYS 135.

- This class has a weekly laboratory requirement.
- 0.5 credit.
- Collings.

- PHYS 015. Optics
A half-semester introduction to geometric and wave optics, including ray diagrams, matrix optics, polarization, Jones matrices, interference, and diffraction.

- This class has a weekly laboratory requirement.
- 0.5 credit.
- Collings.

- PHYS 017. Mathematical Methods of Physics
A half-semester survey of mathematical techniques useful in physics. Topics include eigenvalue problems, Fourier analysis, solutions to ordinary and partial differential equations, special functions, the theory of residues, and numerical methods.

- Includes a weekly numerical laboratory.
- 0.5 credit.
- Brown.

- PHYS 018. Quantum Mechanics
A half-semester introductory course in quantum mechanics. Topics include waves, photons, the Schrodinger equation, Dirac notation, one-dimensional potentials, quantized angular momentum, and central potentials. This course serves as a prerequisite for PHYS 113.

- This class has a weekly laboratory requirement.
- 0.5 credit.
- Brown.

- PHYS 081. Advanced Laboratory I
This is the first of a two-semester sequence designed to fulfill the physics major advanced laboratory requirement. Students will perform projects in digital electronics. They will also perform experiments chosen from among the areas of thermal and statistical physics, solid state, atomic, plasma, nuclear, biophysics, condensed matter physics, and advanced optics.

- Writing course.
- 0.5 credit.
- Crouch.

- PHYS 082. Advanced Laboratory II
This is the second of a two-semester sequence designed to fulfill the physics major advanced laboratory requirement. Students will perform projects in digital electronics. They will also perform experiments chosen from among the areas of thermal and statistical physics, solid state, atomic, plasma, nuclear, biophysics, condensed matter physics, and advanced optics. When both PHYS 081 and PHYS 082 are taken, students will receive credit for having completed a writing (W) course.

- Writing course.
- 0.5 credit.
- Crouch.

- PHYS 083. Advanced Laboratory I and II
This course is designed to fulfill the physics major advanced laboratory requirement for students who have already had sufficient experience with digital electronics (ENGR 072 or the equivalent). Students will perform experiments chosen from among the areas of thermal and statistical physics, solid state, atomic, plasma, nuclear, biophysics, condensed matter physics, and advanced optics.

- Writing course.
- 0.5 credit.
- Crouch.

- PHYS 093. Directed Reading
This course provides an opportunity for an individual student to do special study, with either theoretical or experimental emphasis, in fields not covered by the regular courses and seminars. The student will present oral and written reports to the instructor.

- 0.5, 1, or 2 credits.
- Staff.

- PHYS 094. Research Project
Initiative for a research project may come from the student, or the work may involve collaboration with ongoing faculty research. The student will present a written and an oral report to the department.

- 0.5, 1, or 2 credits.
- Staff.

- PHYS 113. Quantum Theory
Postulates of quantum mechanics, operators, eigenfunctions, and eigenvalues, function spaces and hermitian operators; bra-ket notation, superposition and observables, fermions and bosons, time development, conservation theorems, and parity; angular momentum, three-dimensional systems, matrix mechanics and spin, coupled angular momenta, time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory.

- Natural sciences and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Guess.

- PHYS 114. Statistical Physics
The statistical behavior of classical and quantum systems; temperature and entropy; equations of state; engines and refrigerators; statistical basis of thermodynamics; microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical distributions; phase transitions; statistics of bosons and fermions; black body radiation; electronic and thermal properties of quantum liquids and solids.

- Natural sciences and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Graves.

- PHYS 130. General Relativity
Newton's gravitational theory, special relativity, linear field theory, gravitational waves, measurement of space-time, Riemannian geometry, geometrodynamics and Einstein's equations, the Schwarzschild solution, black holes and gravitational collapse, and cosmology.

- Natural sciences and engineering.
- 1 credit.
- Smith.

- PHYS 180. Honors Thesis
Theoretical or experiment work culminating in a written honors thesis. Also includes an oral presentation to the department. This course must be completed by the end of, and is normally taken in, the fall semester of the student's final year.

1 or 2 credits.

- Staff.

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