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resources (On-Line) on peace RESEARCH AND history

This page lists links to web sites about the history of peace organizations and peace advocates. If you would like to have your organization's web site listed here, please contact the SCPC at wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu. The sites listed here are for information purposes and do not necessarily reflect the views of Swarthmore College or the Swarthmore College Peace Collection.

Index

A-F
Jane Addams: FBI files
Jane Addams: Hull-House
American Civil Liberties Union

Anti-War and Radical History Project-Pacific Northwest
Anti-war Songs
Bancroft Library
Katherine Devereux Blake
Senator William Borah
Vera Brittain
Pearl Buck
Elihu Burritt
City College of New York, Struggle for Free Speech
Civil Rights
Civilian Public Service
Conscientious Objection
Barbara Deming
Enola Gay Controversy
Erich Maria Remarque-Peace Center
Esperanto

FBI, FOIA


G-M
Mohandas Gandhi

Golden Rule
Emma Goldman
Great Peace March
Greenham Common
Hanford Site Historic District
Jane Addams Peace Association Children's Book Award
Julia Ward Howe
Hull-House
International Institute of Social History

Florence Hope Luscomb
Burnita Shelton Matthews


N-R
Nevada Test Site Oral History Project
Nobel Prize Internet Archives
Norwegian Nobel Institute Library
Open Vault
Our Move
Alice Paul
Linus and Ava Pauling
Peace Monuments
Peace Palace (The Hague)
Peace Pamphlet Collection
Peace Pledge Union
Peace Posters
Peacedocs Pentecostal and Holiness Pacifism
Phoenix of Hiroshima
Plowshares Digital Archives
Jeannette Rankin
Rebecca Hourwich Reyher
The Ribbon Progect
Rwanda Youth and Children's Testimonies



S-Z
Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America

Seabrook, New Hampshire Nuclear Plant
Songs
Bertha von Suttner
Theology and Peace--On Line Bibliography from the Institute for Theology and Peace
This Week in Peace History
University of Illinois-Chicago: Hull House Museum
University of Illinois-Chicago: Jane Addams Memorial Collection
University of Illinois-Chicago: Urban Experience in Chicago
Mabel Vernon
Syracuse Peace Council
William Edgar Borah Outlawry of War Foundation
Women and Social Movements in the U.S.
Women's Ecampment for a Future of Peace and Justice
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, International Records



 


Anti-War and Radical History Project-Pacific NorthwestThe Pacific Northwest Antiwar and Radical History Project is a multimedia web project that aims to chronicle the social impact of war and the rich history of antiwar activity in the Northwest. This project is based at the University of Washington at Seattle.

Anti-War Songs Database--Created by members of the L'Istituto Ernesto de Martino. Website with information and lyrics of 6789 songs by 2491 different authors and 7456 versions, translations and commentaries in 80 / 102 languages.


Bancroft Library - Suffragists Oral History Project (On Line Archives of California).
In the early 1970s the Suffragists Oral History Project, under the auspices of the Bancroft Library's Regional Oral History Office, collected interviews with twelve leaders and participants in the woman's suffrage movement. Tape-recorded and transcribed oral histories preserved the memories of these remarkable women, documenting formative experiences, activities to win the right to vote for women, and careers as leaders of the movements for welfare and labor reform, world peace, and the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment. These interviews are now available on line as part of the On Line Archives of California. Several of the women included in the Bancroft site are of interest because of their peace work.

Oral History (oral history interview from the Bancroft Library)

1) Mabel Vernon
2) Burnita Shelton Matthews
3) Alice Paul
4) Jeannette Rankin (see also the FBI Freedom of Information Act Reading Room)
5) Rebecca Hourwich Reyher



Katherine Devereux Blake and Lillie Devereux Blake-Web site of P.S. 6, the Lillie Devereux Blake school in Manhattan, New York City. {See also the finding aid for the papers of Katherine Devereux Blake, and the Records of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Section, in the Peace Collection.



Senator William Borah

William Edgar Borah Outlawry of War Foundation papers at the University of Idaho "The purpose of the Foundation is to establish in the University of Idaho a lectureship for the promotion of a better understanding of international relations, of the age-old struggle with the baffling problem of war, and of the vital part played in its solution by William Edgar Borah. . . . . Since 1948 the foundation has underwritten annual conferences concerned with specific facets of the general theme, the causes of war and the conditions for peace."


Vera Brittain-The First World War Poetry Digital Archive from McMaster University and Oxford University includes war time letters, writings, and photographs of writer and peace activist Vera Brittain, as well as WWI poets.


Elihu Burritt-Collection of writings by nineteenth century internationalist and peace activist, Elihu Burritt, housed at the Special Collections department of the Elihu Burritt Library at Central Connecticut State Library. Some items from the collection available online.
See also the finding aid for the Elihu Burritt Papers in the Peace Collection; includes many letters available on line.


City College of New York-On line exhibit " The Struggle for Free Speech at the City College of New York, 1931-9142," The exhibit describes a series of events from the early 1930s to the early 1940s which posed challenges to academic freedom and civil liberties. Sections of the exhibit show protests against ROTC, fascism, and war.




Alambama Civil Rights and Southern Activists:Jack Rabin Collection at the Pennsylvania State University. The Jack Rabin Collection on Alabama Civil Rights and Southern Activists is a compact but highly complex, multi-layered compilation of documents, sound recordings, and visual images. Some of its components, including copies of records of the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) and many hours of oral history of the renowned civil liberties lawyer Clifford Durr, complement major holdings in other American archives.




Conscientious Objection

The CO Project
, part of Speak4Peace.com, is an oral-history project that collects interviews with Conscientious Objectors across the U.S.

The Good War and Those Who Refused to Fight It a film from Paradigm Productions, 2002 on conscientious objectors from World War II. The web site produced by the film makers, has a study guide about COs and the making of the film.

Archives of the Peace Pledge Union, includes primary resources on conscientious objection in Great Britain from World War I to the present.

Swarthmore College Peace Collection website on primary resources on conscientious objection in the United States.

Civilian Public Service
-"Camp 56: An Oral History Project, World War II Conscientious Objectors & the Waldport, Oregon Civilian Public Service Camp", from Portland State University.
World War II Civilian Public Service Camp Collections at Lewis and Clark College Digital Collections.

Civilian Public Service Story-This site tells the story of nearly 12,000 conscientious objectors to war who chose Civilian Public Service in World War II.  At the heart of the site rest the names of those men, the communities from which they entered, and the camps in which they served.  The site features a database of names and a listing of the more than 150 camps which you can search to learn more about this effort to protect the rights of conscience during WWII.


"My Father's Letters," Blog kept by Vickie Aldrich, posting over 100 letters from her father Bernard "Barney" Aldrich, while in CPS. These letters begin August 14, 1942.



"The Enola Gay Controversy"
This web site contains references to more than 900 documents covering the entire vigorous and nationally publicized controversy over a proposal by the Smithsonian to mark the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II in 1995 with an exhibit examining the consequences of atomic warfare.


Erich Maria Remarque-Peace Center

Erich Maria Remarque Gesellschaft was founded in Osnabrück. The aim of this literary association is to promote and support "humanistic culture, art, sciences and research through cultivating Erich Maria Remarque's heritage and range of thought". The site includes List of Publications by and concerning Remarque, the chronological Table of Life and Works (English Site) of Erich Maria Remarque, the Catalog of the International Imprints (English site) of Erich Maria Remarque’s Writings and the List of Writings (English Site) by Erich Maria Remarque.




Esperanto - on line exhibit from the Austrian National Archives, linking the European peace movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century with the Esperanto movement to create an international language Photographs and biographical information of movement leaders are included..




Freedom of Information Act Reading Room at the Federal Bureau of Investigation have made a number of FBI files of various individuals and organizations available at their web site. Amongst the many names available over the web the following may be of especial interest to peace historians and researchers.
Jane Addams (188 pages)
Anti Imperialist League
Anit-war movement
American Civil Liberties Union (78 pages)
American Friends Service Committee (3,498 pages)
Pearl Buck (221 pages)
Cesar Chavez (2,021 pages)
Clergy and Laity Concerned about Vietnam (1,699 pages)
Daily Worker
Dorothy Day (581 pages)
Albert Einstein (1,756 pages)
Highlander Folk School (337 pages)
Abbie Hoffman (13,262 pages)
Kent State Shooting (1,146 pages)
John Winston Lennon (248 pages)
Martin Luther King (16,659 pages, 201 pages available for viewing on pdf)
KPFA-Pacifica Radio (27 pages)
Linus Pauling (2,419 pages)
Jeannette Rankin (96 pages)
Bayard Rustin
Religious Society of Friends (314 pages)
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg (approx. 142,000 pages)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) (11,512 pages)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) (2,887 pages)
Weathermen (420 pages)
Howard Zinn (423 pages)



Mohandas Gandhi Project
"Gandhi and Nordic Countries"
from the Danish Peace Academy includes letters between Gandhi and Scandanavian supporters. Site produced by E.S. Reddy and Holger Terper.

GandhiServe Foundation
On line resources by and about Mohandas Gandh- includes easily accessible writings, documents, video and audio recordings, and photographs



Golden Rule Project-Historic photographs and information about the sailing ship The Golden Rule Included on this site is information about the restoration of The Golden Rule by Veterans for Peace, and plans for its future use in reconciliation projects around the world.


Emma Goldman Papers Project and web site at University of California at Berkeley. The site includes material about Golman, several series of digitized documents, and writings by her. Several of Goldman's speeches and writings against World War I and conscription are included on the site. Below is a list of these documents:
1)Emma Goldman's address to the jury at her 1917 anti-conscription trial
2)"Preparedness: The Road to Universal Slaughter" First published in Mother Earth, December 1915, and also as a pamphlet
3)Excerpts from "Trial and Speeches of Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman" Pamphlet published by Mother Earth Publishing Association, New York, N.Y., (September 1917)
4)"We Don't Believe In Conscription" Speech delivered by Emma Goldman, New York City, May 18, 1917
5)Meeting of No-Conscription League Including speech by Emma Goldman, New York, June 4, 1917
6)Speech Against Conscription and War Delivered by Emma Goldman, New York City, June 14, 1917
7) Address to the Jury, U.S. v. Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman Delivered by Emma Goldman, New York City, July 9, 1917.




Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament

"A Strange Place Called Home: My Walk Across America on the Great Peace March" Laura Monagan's memoir/blog of the "people, the events, the places, and the whole amazing experience" of walking across the U.S. in 1986 to protest the nuclear arms race.





Greenham Common -

Holger Terp of the Danish Peace Academy has created a web site with original documents and information on the women's peace camp at Greenham Common (1981-1990s) and has reconstructed the Greenham songbook of feminist peace and anti-nuclear songs.

Your Greenham Common, a web site created in 2007, with interviews of women who protested at Greenham, video, photographs, and history of the protests. Links to web sites about other peace camp protests in Great Britain.


Hanford Site Historic District: Manhattan Project, 1943; Cold War era, 1947-1990
The Hanford, Washington Cultural and Historic Resources Program of the United States Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office. Resources include history of the Manhattan and Cold War Eras, the built environment, and engineering achievements. Hanford's Reactors began separations processing using actual irradiated uranium feed on April 13, 1945. The plutonium (Pu) nitrate produced was shipped to the Los Alamos Site in New Mexico for fabrication into atomic weapons. Although too late to be used in the weapons tested and used in WWII, the plutonium was used in many early and prototypical atomic tests, including some of the earliest tests at the Nevada Test Site in 1951. The facility was closed down in the 1990s.

International Institute of Social History Research institute in Amsterdam, Netherlands, that houses the records of the War Resisters International and the International Fellowship of Reconciliation.

The papers of peace activist Aletta Jacobs are held by ATRIA, Institute on Gender Equality and Women's History, Amsterdam, Netherlands


Jane Addams Peace Association--Children's Book Award
Site contains searchable database for all book awarded prizes and honorable mentions, by the Jane Addams Peace Association. JAPA has issued this award since 1953.



Nevada Test Site Oral History Project- The Nevada Test Site Oral History Project at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas is a comprehensive program dedicated to documenting, preserving and disseminating the remembered past of persons affiliated with and affected by the Nevada Test Site during the era of Cold War nuclear testing. Project participants told the test site story from differing experiences and points of view about this often controversial subject. Interviews with 27 peace protesters (from 2004-2007), are included. Researchers may download audible files or full transcripts of the interviews.



Nobel Prize Internet Archives
A commercial website with some information and lots of links to other web resources about Nobel Prize winners. There is a list of all Peace prize winners from 1901 to the present.


Norweigian Nobel Institute Library The Norwegian Nobel Institute Library is a depository library for publications from the following international organizations: the United Nations, (and its forerunner the League of Nations), the European Union, the Council of Europe, the International Labour Organization, the International Court of Justice, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the International Maritime Organization, and the European Free Trade Association. A microform collection was started in 1991, consisting of historical documents within the Library's fields. The Library's database may be searched on line at their web site.




Open Vault Open Vault is a project of WGBH in Boston and: "provides online access to unique and historically important content produced by public television station WGBH for individual and classroom learning. The ever-expanding site contains video excerpts, searchable transcripts, a select number of complete interviews for purchase, and resource management tools." For those interested in peace history, there are items included on the Vietnam war, nuclear deterrence, disarmament and civil rights.

Our Move: Project on the American-Soviet Citizen Diplomacy Movement. Our Move is a " project is dedicated to the cause of peace and nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). At the heart of Our Move is the story of the American-Soviet citizen diplomacy movement, including the historic joint peace march in 1987." The web site include digitized copies of documents, newspaper clippings, magazines, and photographs from various events in the 1980s concerning efforts to end the Cold War between U.S. and former Soviet citizens.


Linus and Ava Pauling
Oregon State University has created two web sites based on the holdings of documents from the Linus and Ava Pauling Papers in the Oregon State University Libraries. One web site contains Linus Pauling's research notebooks available over the World Wide Web. The second OSU web site, Linus Pauling and the International Peace Movement is broader and contains over 500 items documenting the work of Linus and Ava Pauling for international peace.

For Linus Pauling's FBI record see the FBI Freedom of Information Act Reading Room.



Peace Palace Site including activities in 2013 celebrating the centennary of the The Peace Palace at The Hague.



Peace Monuments and Monuments About Peace Makers . A series of websites created by Edward W. Lollis, of Peace Partners International, covering the history of various peace and social justice related monuments around the world, with links to museums and other sites.


Elizabethtown College ’s High Library Peace Pamphlet Collection.The digitized pamphlets in this collection include more than 30 Church of the Brethren and other pamphlets that focus on peace, historic peace churches, conscientious objectors and alternative service.


Danish Peace Posters digitized by Danish peace historian, Holger Terp. Posters dating from 1960s to date.


PeaceDocs--this site includes documents of various traditions of peacemaking from antiquity into the late twentieth century. These include narratives, original sources, bibliographies, and other reference materials, some hosted on this site, some linked to e-book sites or online stores like Amazon.com, and others to libraries and online archives of peace and justice.


Pentacostal and Holiness Pacifism-site by Jay Beaman covering the history of pacifism and conscientious objection during World War I in the Pentacostal and Holiness traditions.


Phoenix of Hiroshima- film footage from Universal Newsreel of the Phoenix of Hiroshima, a sailing ship that delivered medical supplies to North Vietnam in 1967. The trip was sponsored by A Quaker Action Group (finding aid for AQAG Records). This short film shows crew and ship leaving Japan for Vietnam. (The pertinent section of film starts at the 2:30 point).




Plowshares Digital Archives
A collaboration of Earlham, Goshen, and Manchester colleges, the Plowshares Digital Archive for Peace Studies provides primary documents – including minutes, diaries, correspondence, pamphlets, newspapers and periodicals – ranging in date from the 1700s to the present. The archive chronicles the social justice efforts of the students and faculty of these colleges as well as the members of their affiliated historic peace-churches – Quakers, Mennonites and the Church of the Brethren.



The Ribbon Project (1982-1985) was long-term protest against the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Thousands of participants from every state in the United States created cloth panels depiciting all that people would not want to lose in a nuclear war. Women especially were attraced to the sewing project. Some panels were painted rather than sewn. Over 25,000 panels were created, eventually tied together and placed around the outside of the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. "Kansans and The Peace Ribbon Around the Pentagon in the 1980s," an article (with images), by Victoria Janzen may be found at the Bethel College web site.

Rwanda Youth and Children' Testimonies Project-This collection contains 864 testimonies that were written in exercise books by students in Rwandan high schools between late 1999 and early 2000.  Each testimony depicts the first-hand account of a child’s experiences from the beginning of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda until the child was rescued from the
University of South Florida Libraries Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
This site contains information on the Schlesinger Library, the foremost collection of primary documents in women's history in the United States. A few finding aids to the many manuscript collections at the Schlesinger are available on-line. The links listed below are for the finding aids of peace activists.
Barbara Deming
Alice Hamilton
Julia Ward Howe
Florence Hope Luscomb
Holly Near
Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice


Seabrook, New Hampshire Nuclear Plant Occupation Page-created by Harold Marcuse, one of the first demonstrators at Seabrook to be arrested for protesting againgst the plant in 1977. This web site includes photographs and links to dozens of documents and other materials connected to the historic and current protests.

Bertha von Suttner Project-includes information and images about the career of Bertha von Suttner and links to further information about the location of her papers.


Institute for Theology and Peace On line bibliography of 130,000 titles relevant to research into peace ethics from the individual disciplines of theology and other sciences has been taken into account.



Syracuse Peace Council On line archive of the Syracuse Peace Council's newsletter, Peace Newsletters, 1936-2000.
The Syracuse Peace Council, based in Syracuse, New York, was founded in 1936 as a peace and social justice organization. Information about the current work of the SPC may be found at their web site: http://www.peacecouncil.net/index.html The archives of the The papers of Norman Whitney, one of the founders of the SPU are held by the Peace Collection. The finding aid for these papers found at: Norman Whitney.


"This Week in Peace History" written by Carl Bunin and published by Peacebuttons.info. Changing electronic newsletternoting anniversary of peace and social justice events around the world. Available as web site or as email. Described as: "This Week in History is a collection designed to help us appreciate the fact that we are part of a rich history advocating peace and social justice. While the entries often focus on large and dramatic events there are so many smaller things done everyday to promote peace and justice. To the real peace advocates - YOU!"



University of Illinois-Chicago

Hull House Museum
The Jane Addams Hull House Museum is a historic site located on the campus of the Universtiy of Illinois-Chicago. The Museum is a memorial to Jane Addams and the work of Hull House. There are exhibits re-creating the settlement house and tours for visitors. Collections of Hull House records and the papers of settlement residents may be found in Special Collections of the Richard J. Daley Library, Universtiy of Illinois-Chicago.

Jane Addams Memorial Collection
The Jane Addams Memorial Collection in the Special Collections Department of the University of Illinois at Chicago Library contains over 100 distinct manuscript collections relating to the JaneAddams, Hull-House and the Near West Side of Chicago.The JAMC website contains short descriptions of each of these collections and links to online finding aids when available. New finding aids continue to be added.

Urban Experience in Chicago: Hull-House and It's Neighborhoods, 1889-1963
is a history website that has been constructed at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The website is completely searchable and contains more than 900 separate texts, including correspondence, newspaper articles, unpublished memoirs, magazine and journal articles, maps, and hundreds of images of historic significance for documenting the life and times of Jane Addams, the history of the social settlement movement and of Hull-House, and the history of the Near West Side neighborhood and its immigrant communiti




Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1830-1930
This website has a rich collection of primary documents related to women and social movements in the United States between 1830 and 1930. It is organized around editorial projects completed by undergraduate and graduate students at the State University of New York at Binghamton. Each project poses a question and provides 15-20 documents that address the question. The material now on the website begins a larger project, co-directed by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Thomas Dublin, and funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. During the 1998-1999 academic year additional editorial projects will be added for use in high school and college classes. The links below are to projects concerning peace issues and peace advocates.

Projects
Women's Peace Mission to European Capitals, 1915
Description
Introduction
Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations in the 1920s
Description
Introduction
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and Right-Wing Attacks, 1923-193
Description
Introduction


Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice-In the summer of 1983 feminist peace activists from the Women's Pentagon Action, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Women for Life on Earth, and the Upstate Feminist Alliance opened a peace camp backing on to the Seneca Army Depot in Romulus, New York. The women opened the camp to facilitate the protest of mid-range nuclear weapons, specifically Cruise and Pershing II missiles, deployed in Western Europe and aimed at the U.S.S.R. The Seneca Army Depot was assumed to be the trans shipment site for these missiles on their way to Europe. The camp in New York was also designed to be a support group for the peace camps opened at Greenham Common, England two years previously. Activities at the WEFPJ lasted through the mid 1990s.

The records of the WEFPJ are held by the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, at Harvard University. The finding aid for this collection is available through the Oasis system at Harvard.

Former members of the WEFPJ have initiated a web based project to collect material from women who were active at the peace camp, and the later intentional community: "The PeaCe eNCaMPMeNT HeRSToRY PRoJeCT's mission is to collect, preserve and establish an online archive of the stories, songs, photographs and other media from the Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice, 1982-1993 and Women's PeaceLand, 1994-2006."





Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, International Office, [Geneva, Switzerland]--Historical records for the International WILPF are housed at the archives department of the libraries at the University of Colorado at Boulder (U.S.A.). These records date from 1915 to the present.



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This page written and is continuously updated by Wendy Chmielewski. This page was last updated on September 11, 2013.