Document Groups (DGs) -- Annotated List


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Address: 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone [Curator]: (610) 328-8557; Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email [Curator]: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/

Descriptive Summary

DGs are those manuscript collections for which the Swarthmore College Peace Collection (SCPC) is the official repository. New collections are added to this list as they are donated to the SCPC. Collections with on-line finding aids are linked [click on the collection name, if underlined]; if there is no on-line finding, a link is provided to a record in the online library catalog (Tripod). Some of the collections listed here have use restrictions. Contact the Curator in advance of a visit to the Peace Collection to learn about gaining access. In addition, some collections have boxes that are stored off-site. SOME MATERIALS STORED OFF SITE WILL NOT BE AVAILABLE UNTIL AFTER NOVEMBER 15, 2014. PLEASE CHECK WITH SCPC STAFF.


Unannotated DG List
Image From Collection

Collections (in alphabetical order)

Notes
   

The Phoenix at sail [6.5" x 4.5" black and white photograph, cropped]
A Quaker Action Group Records [AQAG] (DG 074)
19.75 linear feet
Founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1966 to apply nonviolent direct action as a witness against the war in Vietnam; not an official body of the Religious Society of Friends; in 1971 transformed into Movement for a New Society.
 

Cover of ACCESS publication [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped]
ACCESS: A Security Information Service Records (DG 216)
3.1 linear feet
Established in 1985; a nonprofit, non-partisan information service on international security and peace. Through a telephone referral service, regular publication series, ACCESS Resource Brief, and reference books on international affairs, ACCESS provides information on current international events and guides concerned citizens and experts to sources of information on issues such as U.S. and foreign military policy, arms control, and regional conflicts; executive director: Mary E. Lord.
 

Jane Addams,1900 [4" x 6.25" sepia photograph; credit: Waters ]
Jane Addams Papers (DG 001)
130 linear feet
A world-famous social reformer; co-founded Hull-House, the first settlement house in America in 1889. Hull-House reached thousands of Chicago-area immigrants through social service, activities and classes. Addams and her co-workers championed many causes on behalf of the urban poor, child labor laws, industrial safety, juvenile courts, and recognition of labor unions. As a feminist and pacifist, Addams was a leading figure in the woman suffrage movement and the movement for international peace. From 1915 through 1919, she served as chairman of the Woman's Peace Party (U.S.) and the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace. Both organizations were forerunners of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF). Addams was international president of WILPF from 1919 through 1929, and honorary international president from 1929 until her death in 1935. Jane Addams was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
photograph exhibit
photograghs online
some boxes stored off-site

Logo of the Agape Foundation
Agape Foundation Fund for Nonviolent Social Change Records (DG 237)
18.75 linear feet
Agape Foundation is a non-profit public foundation, which raises and distributes funds to groups working for nonviolent social change. Since its formation in 1969 by a group of pacifists and anti-war activists in Palo Alto, California, the Agape Foundation has provided millions of dollars to nonviolent, grassroots organizations throughout the western United States. It is headquartered in San Francisco.
 
  Albany Pledge of Resistance (DG 258)
Albany Pledge of Resistance was organized in Albany, New York, in the 1980s to work against U.S. government policies in the covert wars in Central America.
 

Gene Sharp [8" x 10" black and white photograph]

Albert Einstein Institution Records (DG 220)
125 linear feet
Founded in 1983; dedicated to advancing the study and use of strategic nonviolent action in conflicts throughout the world; committed to the defense of freedom, democracy, and the reduction of political violence through the use of nonviolent action; principal founder, Dr. Gene Sharp.

boxes stored off-site

Horace Alexander with unidentified Indian man, ca. 1970? [5" x 7" black and white photograph]
Horace Gundry Alexander Papers (DG 140)
2 linear feet and 11 linear inches
Born 1889 in Croyden (England); life-long member of the Religious Society of Friends; graduated with honors in history from Kings College, Cambridge University; director of Woodbrooke College; served as advisor to Mohandas K. Gandhi; wrote and published extensively about India; worked throughout the world for Indian rights; died 1989 in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.
 

Devere Allen, 1930 [2.5" x 2.5" sepia photograph]
Devere Allen Papers (DG 053)
138 linear feet
Born Harold Devere Allen in 1891, he was an author, editor, journalist and lecturer. Allen was an advocate of internationalist pacifism and influential member of the Socialist Party in the United States, in the 1930s. From his student days he was a leader of Young Democracy, then later worked for the Fellowship of Reconciliation, and the War Resisters League. Allen was also interested in genealogy; recording Rhode Island history and lore. He died in 1955.
photograph exhibit
boxes stored off-site

Press conference at Plymouth Congregational Church prior to filing suit in Seattle, Washington [10" x 8" black and white photograph]
Alliance for Conscientious Objectors Records (DG 088)
3 linear feet
This organization was founded in 1970 as Conscientious Objectors for Service Benefits. The name changed to Alliance for Conscientious Objectors in 1972. The group dissolved in 1974.
restrictions apply

2012 ANA Grassroots awardees Oleg Boldrov, Mary Dickson, and Ralph Hutchison [from ANA web site]
Alliance for Nuclear Accountability Records (DG 250)
The Alliance for Nuclear Accountability (ANA), is a national network of organizations working to address issues of nuclear weapons production and waste cleanup. It was founded in Colorado in 1987 as the Military Production Network (MPN), and in 1997, changed its name to Alliance for Nuclear Accountability. Its members work together as a network to influence national policies related to nuclear weapons production, testing, research, cleanup of contaminated sites, public safety, and worker health. ANA's list of member organizations has expanded to include groups working on the costs and consequences of nuclear power facilities as well. For more information see ANA website, http://www.ananuclear.org/.
 


Three signatures from broadside"Petition by 900 Conscientious Objectors for Redress of Grievances" [17" x 22" oversized document (scpcDoc0574 )]

American Civil Liberties Union: National Committee on Conscientious Objectors Records (DG 022)
13.25 linear feet
This committee of the ACLU began about 1940 with offices in New York, New York and Washington, D.C. The committee was organized to aid conscientious objectors during World War II and ceased operations in 1946.
restrictions apply

Sign that appeared in barber shop window near CPS Camp #32 (West Compton, New Hampshire), ca. 1942-1943 [2" x 4" sepia photograph]
American Friends Service Committee [AFSC]: Civilian Public Service Records / Prison Service Committee Records (DG 002)
278 linear feet
AFSC worked the historic peace churches (Church of the Brethren, Religious Society of Friends and the Mennonite Church) to form the National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NISBRO) in the early 1940s to provide assistance to conscientious objectors to war. AFSC administered some of the Civilian Public Serivce camps, which provided alternative service for conscientious objectors, who were assigned "work of national importance under civilian direction; the American Friends Service Committee administered seventeen CPS camps and over thirty special service units which provided an alternative service program for 3400 men between 1941 and 1946. Part 4 and Part 5 are restricted; boxes in Part 4 are stored offsite.
restrictions apply; some boxes stored off-site

Benjamin F. Trueblood [2.5" x 4" sepia carte de viste]
American Peace Society Records (DG 003)
10.75 linear feet
In the 1820s William Ladd of the Maine Peace Society suggested that the regional U.S. peace societies become associated in a national organization. As a result, the peace societies of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, merged in May 1828 to form the American Peace Society [APS]. The stated purpose was to "promote permanent international peace through justice; and to advance in every proper way the general use of conciliation, arbitration, judicial methods, and other peaceful means of avoiding and adjusting differences among nations, to the end that right shall rule might in a law--governed world." The headquarters of the Society moved in 1835 from Hartford, Connecticut to Boston, Massachusetts, and in 1911 to Washington D.C., where it still has offices. There are significant holdings of the papers of Benjamin F. Trueblood, president of the APS at the end of the 19th century..
photograph exhibit
 

Gold cross draped with origami dove streamers
[5" x 3.5" color photograph, cropped]
American Peace Test Records (DG 197)
10.75 linear feet
Founded in 1985 as a direct, nonviolent action campaign protesting U.S.testing of nuclear weapons at the Nevada Test Site, near Las Vegas. Originally a project of the National FREEZE Campaign, APT became an independent organization in 1986 when the first large-scale action took place. These actions were held throughout the 1980s, and were supported by nationally-known celebrities, politicians, and activists. APT reached its zenith around 1988, but was riven by internal conflicts. It regrouped in the early 1990s, and foundered once more. With a partial Comprehensive Test Ban as U.S. policy and declining attendance at protests, APT members voted to close down the organization ca. 1994. Protests at the NTS continued, sponsored by other organizations. Records are unprocessed and in the order as received from the donor.
 

First page from AUAM pamphlet"Military
and Naval Training of the Citizen Forces
of the U.S.," 1917
American Union Against Militarism Records (DG 004)
1.75 linear feet
Founded in New York City, New York in 1915 as the Anti-Militarism Committee; opposed militarism in World War I, defended conscientious objectors and civil liberties during the war, worked for a just and lasting peace, and opposed peacetime conscription after the war; also known at times as the Anti-Preparedness Committee, Truth About Preparedness Committee, American Union for a Democratic Peace, and the League for an American Peace; closed its offices early in 1922, expecting that its work would be handled by the National Council for Reduction of Armaments.
some boxes stored off-site
[no image]
Amnesty Information and Action Center Records (DG 114)
3 linear feet
This group was stablished in 1972 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, to support amnesty decisions on behalf of those Americans who refused to be drafted into the military during the Vietnam War. It was founded and run by Dwight S. Large and Frances K. Large for the purpose of distributing material to and coordinating networks of persons interested in all aspects of amnesty and reconciliation The organization was sponsored by the Methodist Church and ceased operation in 1973.
 

Florence Andrews, ca. 1946 [1.5" x 2" black and white snapshot (1 of 2 on strip)]
Bennett W. Andrews and Florence N. Andrews Papers (DG 209)
20 linear inches
Bennett W. Andrews was born in 1906 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a pacifist and absolutist conscientious objector to war. Bennett Andrews was a musician and music teacher. He was sentenced to federal prison in Danbury, Connecticut for refusing to cooperate with Selective Service during World War II. He married Florence N. Andrews in 1938; He died in 1994. Florence N. Andrews was born in 1913. She was an absolute pacifist and worked for the American Friends Service Committee during World War II. Florence supported her husband's stand and they wrote to each other several times every week during his long prison sentence.
 


Emblem from AMB t-shirt

Another Mother for Peace Records (DG 102)
5.5 linear feet
Another Mother for Peace was founded by women peace activists in California in 1967 to protest the Vietnam War. The group was a non-profit, non-partisan association whose purpose was "to educate women to take an active role in eliminating war as a means of solving disputes between nations, people, and ideologies". AMP urged the establishment of a Department of Peace and raised funds to support peace candidates in the Senate and Congress. Well-known Hollywood actors and actresses, including Donna Reed, Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward were founders and leaders. The original group became inactive in 1979.
 

Live Without Trident demonstration, Bangor, Washington, Oct. 28, 1979 [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Jay Lurie, Seattle, Washington]
Armistice Records (DG 137)
4.25 linear feet
This organization Live Without Trident was originally based in Seattle, Washington to protest against the building and deployment of the Trident nuclear submarines and missiles. The group also promote nuclear disarmament. from 1977 through the mid 1980s. They sponsored protests at the Bangor Trident submarine base in the Tacoma/Seattle area. By 1981 the group had changed its name to Armistice. That year Armistice helped launched an international petition drive to collect 5,000 signatures in every U.S. congressional district which would become in years to come the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign.

 

Poster "Aladdin" by unknown child from Denmark [image #94; slide 1]
Art for World Friendship Records (DG 066)
19 linear feet
Art for World Friendship originated in 1946 in Delaware County, Pennsylvania as a local project undertaken by a few members of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. It was the first organization to exchange child art on an international level. The founder, Maude Muller, was inspired by the suggestion of a speaker at an U.N.E.S.C.O. Conference. At the height of the project (ca.1955-60), practically every state in the union sent pictures for exchange and more than ninety nations on six continents were represented, including some from beyond the Iron Curtain. Pictures were received from the Soviet Union in 1964. More than 50,000 pictures a year passed through the Media headquarters. Art for World Friendship was dissolved in 1968 when Muller became too ill to continue the work.
art exhibit / archival exhibit
 

[no image]
Atlanta Sanctuary Committee Records (DG 180)
4.4 linear feet
The Atlanta Sanctuary Committee began in 1985 under the care of the Social Concerns Committee of the Atlanta Friends Meeting. The organization soon included representatives from other religious communities and provided information about the sanctuary movement and sanctuary of Central American refugees, escaping the civil wars in that area of the world.
 
 

Hannah J. Bailey (original photo includes five other women, all seated outdoors) [3.75" x 2.75" sepia photograph, cropped]
Hannah J. Bailey Papers (DG 005)
3 linear feet
Hannah J. Bailey was born in 1839. She was a Quaker minister, pacifist, suffrage leader, reformer, and temperance leader. Bailey served as the superintendent of the Department of Peace and Arbitration of the National and International Woman's Christian Temperance Union [WCTU] from 1887 to 1916. She was also the president and business manager of the Woman's Temperance Publication Association. From 1891-1899 Bailey was the president of the Maine Woman Suffrage Association, and a member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. For many years she was an active Vice president of the Universal Peace Union (DG 038). Bailey died in 1923. Her papers reflect personal and professional interests through correspondence and published/unpublished writings, photographs and memorabilia.
some boxes stored off-site

Emily Greene Balch, 1917? [4" x 5" sepia photograph]
Emily Greene Balch Papers (DG 006)
25.75 linear feet
Emily Greene Balch (1867-1961) was the second U.S. woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize. After graduating from Bryn Mawr College in 1889, Balch studied at the Sorbonne, helped to found the Boston settlement, Denison House, and then embarked on her academic career in the economics and sociology department at Wellesley College. Her exhaustive study of eastern and southern European immigrants was published in 1910. Balch's extracurricular work with the Women's Trade Union League and opposition to World War I resulted in dismissal from Wellesley, and thereafter she helped lead the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Balch tried to widen the purview of the League of Nations, visited Haiti and advocated withdrawal of occupying U.S. forces, and in l939 urged the United States to welcome refugees from Nazi Germany. Called a "Citizen of the World," Balch worked for peace throughout her life--through disarmament; internationalization of important waterways, aviation, and the polar regions; drug control; and the elimination of the causes of discontent and conflict among peoples.
photograph exhibit
some boxes stored off-site
  Jerome Balter and Ruth Balter Papers (DG 254)
Jerome Balter and Ruth Balter have been peace and social justice activists for many years. They were both active in efforts to desegregate housing and public schools in Rochester, New York from the late 1950s onward. Jerome Balter campaigned several time for local and state political offices as a way to achieve these goals. Both Balters were also active in efforts to oppose the Vietnam War. Ruth Balter was connected with Women Strke for Peace in Rochester. They both currently live in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where Ruth is active with the Grannies Peace Brigade, working on issues of social justice and against the war in Afghanistan.
 

Albert Bigelow in front of the boat Golden Rule (original photo includes Mr. Goodhart) [6.25" x 4.25" black and white photograph, cropped]
Albert Bigelow Papers (DG 076)
10 linear inches
Albert S. Bigelow (1906- ) an artist, architect, former Navy commander, and Quaker. He served as captain of Golden Rule, a thirty foot ketch which he and colleagues attempted to sail into the Eniwetok Proving Grounds, the U.S. nuclear test site in the Marshall Islands of the Pacific in February 1958. At the time of Golden Rule's departure, it was legal to sail into the test site zone. Twice, on May 1 and again on June 4, Golden Rule tried to sail from the Honolulu harbor. Bigelow was arrested ten minutes before the second attempt; his crewmates, James Peck, George Willoughby, William R. Huntington, and Orion W. Sherwood, were arrested later the same day while under sail, and all were sentenced to sixty days in the Honolulu jail. The trip was sponsored by the Committee for Non-Violent Action Against Nuclear Weapons.
 

Demonstrators in vigil against General Electric Company, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, January 20, 1992 [10" x 3.5" color photograph, cropped]
Brandywine Peace Community Records (DG 158)
3+ linear feet
The Brandywine Peace Community was founded in April 1972 by Delaware County, Pennsylvania and Chester County, Pennsylvania to work for "peace, disarmament, and a change of values and priorities...to an emphasis on peace, social justice, and the needs of the people." The group advocates nonviolent direct action by means of fasts, demonstrations, vigils, or principled trespass on private property. Members are especially active against nuclear weapons manufactured by the large weapons manufacturers located in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. Originally called the Brandywine War Tax Resistance Fund, later (as of 1976) called the Brandywine Alternative Fund. The name was changed to the Brandywine Peace Community and Alternative Fund about 1978, then to Brandywine Peace Community in 1980. The group issued a newsletter, 197?-1989. Headquartered in Media, Pennsylvania until 1983, then in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.

 

Ellen Starr Brinton [5" x 8" sepia photograph; credit: Trinity Court Studio; from DG 043]
Ellen Starr Brinton Papers (DG 051)
10 linear inches
Born 1886 Ellen Starr Brinton was a Quaker, feminist and internationalist, and served as the first curator of the Jane Addams Peace Collection (later the Swarthmore College Peace Collection) from 1935 until her retirement in 1951. Brint died 1954. Her papers include her travel journals from trips taken to Europe to rescue peace material before World War II. Ccorrespondence includes letters with the Kulka family, Jewish pacifists who tried unsuccessfully to come to the United States to escape persecution in Czechoslovakia. The collection of peace and international relations stamps from around the world have (mostly) been scanned and are available to view online.
 

Ernest Bromley arrested for civil disobedience, 1984 [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Ed Reinke, Cincinnati Enquirer]
Marion Bromley and Ernest Bromley Papers (DG 214)
3.3 linear feet
Marion Coddington Bromley: (1912 or 1913-January 21, 1996) and Ernest Bromley (March. 14, 1912-December. 17, 1997) were active members of the Society of Friends. They were absolute pacifists, war-tax resisters, and worked for racial integration in the United States. They are best remembered as founders of the group the Peacemakers, beginning in the 1950s and subsequent activism. Marion Bromley was very active in feminist and Quaker circles.
 

Elihu Burritt with knapsack, cane and hat [4.5" x 7" mounted sepia photograph, signed (page from a book?); credit: Elliott and Fry, London, England]
Elihu Burritt Papers (DG 096)
1 linear feet
Elihu Burritt was born in New Britain, Connecticut in 1810. He was known as the "Learned Blacksmith" having worked in that occupation, but had taught himself to read in 50 languages. Burritt was a social reformer, abolitionist, absolute pacifist, linguist, and internationalist. He advocated programs of international cooperation and inexpensive international postage rates (which he called "ocean penny postage"). Burritt promoted his many peace plans by means of "Olive Leaves" (brief statements written by himself and other peace reformers) and "Friendly Addresses" between paired cities in the United States and England. He was the moving force behind the first international peace congressess in the late 1840s. Burritt opposed the American Civil War on absolute pacifist principles, supporting instead a system of "compensated emancipation", to pay Southern slave owners to free their slaves. Burritt died in New Britain, Connecticut in 1879. Papers consist of correspondence (1841-1878), published writings by and about Burritt, books, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, photographs, and two serial publications, The Advocate of Peace and Universal Brotherhood (1846) and Burritt's Citizen of the World (1855-1856).
 

Tris and Margaret Coffin at demonstration on the Mall, Washington, D.C., November 1969
[10" x 8" black and white photograph]
Business Executives Move for New National Priorities Records (DG 116)
32.25 linear feet (approx.)
Founded in 1967 as Business Executives Move for Vietnam Peace, the group's objectives were to press for practical steps toward ending American participation in the Vietnam War, and to use the business community's influence in expanding public support for disengagement. The group's leaders emphasized the war's adverse effect on the economy. The name of the organization was changed in 1970 to Business Executives Move for Vietnam Peace and New National Priorities, later (1973) shortened to Business Executives Move for New National Priorities.
some boxes stored off-site
 

Henry Cadbury, 1974 [half-tone image from newspaper article, March 1974]
Henry J. Cadbury Papers (DG 081)
1 linear foot
Henry J. Cadbury (1883-1974) was a distinguished Biblical scholar, teacher, and a member of the Society of Friends. Cadbury was one of the founders of the American Friends Service Committee. He served as its chairman from both 1928 to 1934 and again from 1944 to 1960. Cadbury supervised famine relief both in the United States and in Europe.
 

Kay Camp with Yoko Ono and John Lennon at tiger cage demonstration, Washington, D.C., Summer 1977 [4.25" x 3" black and white photograph, cropped]
Kay Camp Papers (DG 169)
15.5 linear feet
Katherine Lindsley Camp was born in 1918 [1919?] in Mt. Kisco, New York. She was a graduate of Swarthmore College. Camp was elected president of the U.S. Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom in 1967, and later served as international president, 1974-1980. She was founder of the Citizens Bi-Racial Study Group and the former president of the Pennsylvania Women's Political Caucus. Camp made unsuccessful bid for Congress in 1972 on the Democratic ticket in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Camp traveled the world as an international ambassador for peace throughout her life. She was member of the Religious Society of Friends. Camp died 2006.
 
[no image]
CarEth Foundation Records (DG 200)
10 linear feet
The CareEth Foundation was founded in 1967 by G. Sterling Grumman to promote enduring world peace. It was a family-run funding resource for the peace and social justice movement. The files include information about groups requesting funding and about the Peace Development Fund.
boxes stored off-site

Group outside of CEC office [image from 8" x 10" black and white contact sheet]
Center for Economic Conversion Records (DG 215)
7.5 linear feet
The Center for Economic Conversion was egun in 1975 as a project of the American Friends Service Committee. It was a nonprofit organization which promoted the conversion of the military-based U.S. economy to a civilian-based, peace-oriented, and environmentally sustainable one. The group became a leading advocate for using military base conversion as a tool to foster sustainable development.
 

CPSer Dave Stewart helping patient during mealtime at Western State Mental Hospital, May 1943 [camp #51; 2.5" x 3.5" black and white photograph, cropped]
Center on Conscience and War Records (DG 025) [formerly called NSBRO and NISBCO]
670+ linear feet
The CCW was formed in 1940 as the National Service Board for Religious Objectors. It changed its name to National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors in 1970, and to the Center on Conscience and War (CCW) in December, 1999. The group works to defend and extend the rights of conscientious objectors; founded by the historic peace churches (the Society of Friends (Quakers), Brethren and Mennonites) to provide a unified approach to the federal government in matters concerning conscientious objection and alternative services. It is headquartered in Washington, D.C. In addition to the administrative records of the Washington office (1940-date), the 1940-1947 records include correspondence, reports, and publications of 151 Civilian Public Service camps, together with case files of men assigned to CPS camps and of the men who were reclassified or imprisoned. Additional case files covering the period 1949 to 1973 contain information about men who performed alternative service (1-W classification) and about men who sought help with problems relating to military service and/or classification.
The CCW continues to assist those who serve in the military, but wish to become conscientious objectors.
 
restrictions apply; some boxes stored off-site

Button "Support Nicaraguan Reconstruction; National Network for Solidarity With the Nicaraguan People," ca. 1980s [metal; spcbuttn00345]
Central America Working Group Records (DG 145)
6 linear feet
The CAWG was founded in 1979 as a lobbying organization opposing U.S. support for repressive regimes in Central America. The collection contains material generated by the Central America Working Group and various materials about the civil wars and covert wars in Central America during the 1980s.

 
[no image]
Central American Historical Institute Records (DG 174)
25 boxes
The CAHI was established in 1982 as an independent educational and research center based at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. It was affiliated with the Instituto Historica Centroamericano, a 25 year-old documentation center of the Jesuits of Central America. Members worked in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. The CAHI ceased operation about 1993. Primarily reference files on Central America in the 1980s, including files on the murder of priest and their housekeeper in El Salvador. Most material in this collection is about El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua, with publications in English and Spanish.
boxes stored off-site

African-American woman being reprimanded by officer
[8" x 6" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Churchill Films, Los Angeles, California]
Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors Records [CCCO] (DG 073)
130.75 linear feet
CCCO/ An Agency for Military and Draft Counseling, was founded in 1948 following passage of the Selective Service Act. Called the Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors (CCCO) until 1969, it developed a nationwide network of military and draft counselors and attorneys. Most active during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, CCCO today promotes such issues as amnesty, repatriation, and counter-recruitment. The bulk of the CCCO records are draft and military counselors' case files and legal files. CCCO closed in the fall of 2009. No finding aid available online.
restrictions apply; some boxes stored off-site
[no image]
[Central Organisation for a Durable Peace: formerly DG 007; changed to CDG-B Switzerland in March 2003]

 

Horace Champney, 1967 (original photo includes Albert Liversey) [8.5" x 6.5" black and white photograph, cropped]
Horace Champney Papers (DG 166)
8.25 linear feet
Horace Champney was born in 1905 in Cleveland, Ohio. He was one of the founders of The Peacemakers, a radical peace group in the early 1950s. Champney sailed to North Vietnam with other Quakers on the yacht Phoenix to deliver medical supplies. He also established a personal vigil and fast at the gates of the White House, protesting the war. Champney was also an advocate of war-tax resistance, member of A Quaker Action Group (DG 074), the American Friends Service Committee, the Committee for Nonviolent Action (DG 017), and the Fellowship of Reconciliation (DG 013). Champney died August 31, 1990, His papers include over 550 photos, mostly black and white snapshots taken during the Phoenix voyage.
 

Jewish children rescued from near Prague, 1945 (5.25" x 3.25" sepia photograph, cropped]
Charles Chatfield Papers (DG 224)
15.6 linear feet
Charles Chatfield was born in 1934. He is an authority on peace history, with principal areas of research in diplomatic history and international affairs, U.S. history and culture and has written or edited numerous books and articles on peace and antiwar movements. In the 1980s he cooperated Soviet academics in editing an anthology of peace essays titled Peace/Mir. Chatfield was professor at Wittenberg University (Springfield, Ohio) and taught courses which focused on historical methodology and on U.S. progressive, urban and diplomatic history. He is a founder of the Peace History Society (DG 094).
 

Young girl next to sign [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped]
Children's Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament Records (DG 190)
5 linear feet
The CCND was a grassroots group organized by young people in Vermont, dedicated to educating children throughout the world about the nuclear threat and what they could do to end the nuclear arms race. The group provided forum for the voices of children in opposition to the nuclear arms race. The collection includes letters of children to President Reagan.
 

Banner hung at 6th Children's Peace Fair, 1993 [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped]
Children's Peace Fair Records (DG 218)
3.75 linear feet
The Children's Peace Fair was ounded 1988 in New Jersey and continued as an annual fair to teach children how they can contribute to world peace and learn conflict resolution skills. The fairs were organized in association with the Monmouth, New Jersey Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. The collection is still in the original order in which it was donated.
 

Cover of CPM pamphlet "The Pacifism of Karl Barth" by John Howard Yoder, 1968
Church Peace Mission Records (DG 177)
5.4 linear feet
The Church Peace Mission was begun in 1950, with the objective to challenge peace groups and religious denominations to "devote their energies to the removal of the social, economic and moral causes of...war". The Fellowship of Reconciliation (DG 013), was instrumental in the creation and continuation of the CPM. Other affiliated groups included the American Friends Service Committee, the Brethren Service Committee, the Baptist Pacifist Fellowship, the Episcopal Peace Fellowship, the Fellowship of Reconciliation, and the Friends General Conference. The CPM disbanded in 1967. Little material survives from the early years and much of this collection was generated while Paul Peachey was Executive Secretary (1962-1964).
boxes stored off-site
[no image]
Citizens Against Nuclear War (DG 245)
3.1 linear feet
Citizens Against Nuclear War (CAN), was a coalition of 61 national organizations, formed in 1982. It was an initiative of the National Education Association, with the goal of educating citizens about efforts to prevent nuclear war. CAN was headquartered in Washington D.C. and Terry Herndon, executive director of the National Education Association, became president of CAN's board of directors. Organizations which belonged to CAN encouraged their individual members to become informed about issues related to nuclear war. Among the members were professional associations, religious communities, women's and minority organizations, and labor unions. Programs included information and commentary for members' publications, speakers, seminars and legislative bulletins.
 

Harold Blickenstaff after taking part in starvation guinea pig experiment, CPS Camp #115 [3.5" x 5" black and white photograph; credit: C.D. Smith, Minneapolis, Minnesota]

Civilian Public Service: Personal Papers and Collected Material (DG 056)
14+ linear feet
The CPS Personal Papers and Collected Materials is chiefly the personal papers of conscientious objectors assigned to Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps during World War II. The collection includes correspondence, writings, memoirs, and reference material about CPS. Also included are records from, or about, various CPS camps and projects. Materials about CPS reunions (held since the 1940s), and materials (such as questionnaires), from various research projects conducted on CPS have also been collected and included.

restrictions apply
[no image]
Civilian Public Service Union Records (DG 008)
3.5 linear feet
The CPS Union was organized at the beginning of 1944 in the CPS camp at Big Flats, New York. Men at other camps and units quickly joined the group. CPSU, a union for "drafted workers conscientiously opposed to war," was formed to provide an organized means of communication and group action among men in all sections of CPS and to combat the waste and injustice of the CPS system itself. Ralph C. Rudd served as chairman from late 1944 until CPSU was dissolved in early 1946.
 

Adult carrying emaciated child in Biafra, August 1968 [5" x 7" black and white photograph; credit: Church World Service]
Clearing House for Nigeria / Biafra Information Records (DG 168)
11.25 linear feet
The CHNBI was established to provide information about the 1968-1970 Nigeria/Biafra civil war. It was headquartered in New York. New York, and in operation from October 1968 to February 1970. The group issued information packets and a news bulletin, which promoted civilian relief, a cease-fire, and an arms embargo. The collection includes reports, government documents, journal articles, newspaper clippings (from newspapers around the world), and photographs.
 

Rev. Philip Berrigan and Father Daniel Berrigan throwing matches on already burning draft records in Baltimore, Maryland, May 17, 1968 [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped and altered; credit: AP Wire Service; box 3]
Clergy and Laity Concerned Records [CALC] (DG 120)
48 linear feet
The organization wounded in 1965 for the purpose of opposing American involvement in Vietnam. Until 1972 it was called Clergy and Laymen Concerned about Vietnam. The group was a nationwide, multi-racial network of people of faith and conscience who believed that moral/ethical/religious values must be brought to bear on problems of political, economic, and social injustice. The collection includes meeting minutes (1966-1973), correspondence (1965-1978), material on CALC's programs and projects, CALC publications and posters, press releases, newsclippings, photographs, and files on local CALC groups, particularly the Metropolitan Chicago Chapter (1969-1981). Also included are files of the newspaper American Report (1970-1974) and material relating to Help Unsell the War, a mass media campaign in 1971-1972.
 

March against U.S. aid to El Salvador, Washington, D.C., March 27, 1982 [10" x 8" black and white photograph; credit: Rick Reinhard, Washington, D.C.]
Coalition for a New Foreign Policy Records (DG 138)
27 linear feet
The Coalition on National Priorities and Military Policy (CNPMP), was founded in 1969. The Ad Hoc Coalition for a New Foreign Policy (AHCNFP) had been formed in January of 1973 as the Coalition to Stop Funding the War. This organization changed its name to AHCNFP in mid 1975. CNPMP and AHCNFP merged and re-named the new organization the Coalition for a New Foreign and Military Policy in 1976. In 1988 the group changed its name one more time to Coalition for a New Foreign Policy. It was the leading organization lobbying the U.S. Congress on behalf of a broad spectrum of peace and social justice organizations from the 1970s through the 1980s.
 

Demonstrator burning draft card at the Pentagon, ca. 1970-1974 [5.75" x 9.5" sepia photograph, cropped]
Committee for Nonviolent Action Records [CNVA] (DG 017)
18.75 linear feet
The CNVA was organized in 1957 by Lawrence Scott to protest nuclear tests in Las Vegas, Nevada. It one of the first U. S. peace groups to promote nonviolent direct action, including civil disobedience. Leaders included A.J. Muste, Bradford Lyttle, George Willoughby, and Neil Haworth. CNVA helped sponsor the voyages of the Phoenix and the Golden Rule (1958), and various protests: Omaha Action (1959), Polaris Action (1961), the San Francisco to Moscow Walk for Peace (1961), the voyages of Everyman I, II, and III (1962), and the Quebec-Washington-Guantanamo Walk for Peace (1963). Merged with the War Resisters League in 1968. Active in protests against the Vietnam war. The records of the New England Committee for Nonviolent Action are also available.
 
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Committee of Liaison With Families of Servicemen Detained in Vietnam Records (DG 227)
19 linear feet
The group was founded in 1969. Cora Weiss was the co-chair and director from 1969 to 1972. The Committee of Liaison organized the exchange of letters and packages between families of prisoners of war in North Vietnam and American POWs. The COL played a significant role in providing information to the U.S. public about the POW situation and in the public debates about this issue. Other supporters and activists with the Committee included David Dellinger, Richard Falk, and William Sloane Coffin. The collection includes COL administrative records, newspaper clippings on COL activities, a large collection of newspaper clippings on individual prisoners of war, as well as clippings with general information on POWs; material about trips of COL organizers and supporters to Vietnam; and records on individual POWs, including COL correspondence with family members.
restrictions apply

Julie Andrews with two Vietnamese children [10"x 8"black and white photograph, cropped; from box "COR Viet Children in U.S"]
Committee of Responsibility Records (DG 173)
17.5 linear feet
The Committee of Responsibility was formed in 1966. COR was comprised of medical personnel, scientists, clergymen, and concerned citizens who sought avenues for helping South Vietnamese children under the age of 16 who had been wounded in the war. COR organizers provided direct medical aid by bringing children to the U.S. for treatment and rehabilitation. Approximately 100 children were treated in the U.S. most of whom lived with American families while undergoing the medical treatment. Almost all of these children returned to Vietnam once their treatment had been completed. .
boxes stored off-site

Boys drilling in ROTC unit, 1926 [half-tone image from CME booklet "Militarizing Our Youth," 1927]
Committee on Militarism in Education Records (DG 009)
48.25 linear feet
The CME was founded in 1925 by John Nevin Sayre, Norman Thomas and E. Raymond Wilson to abolish compulsory military training in colleges and universities, and all military training in public high schools. Other executive members were Roswell P. Barnes, Tucker P. Smith, Edwin C. Johnson, and George A. Coe. The group ceased operation in 1940. The collection includes minutes of the executive committee, annual reports, correspondence (1925-1940), financial records, form letters, articles and manuscripts, pamphlets, CME periodicals and other publications, photographs, and newspaper clippings. Subject files provide state-by-state coverage of the U.S. Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), Citizens Military Training Corps (CMTC) and Civilian Conservation Corps, and congressional anti-conscription campaigns.
some boxes stored off-site

Cover of CWDWD booklet "The Bomb That Fell On America" by Herman Hagedorn, ca. 1972
Committee for World Development and World Disarmament Records (DG 069)
7.5 linear feet
The CWDWD was established in 1950 as a non-political, non-partisan, educational organization for the purposes of stimulating discussion and providing a forum for information about world disarmament and world economic development, serving as a clearinghouse for exchange of information and ideas about development and disarmanent. The organizatrion was initiated by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom as a project of their educational arm, the Jane Addams Peace Association. The CWDWD was headquartered in New York, New York. and ceased operations in 1970. Includes correspondence, annual reports, administrative files, financial records, minutes of meetings, periodicals, and reference files.
 
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Common Ground Records (DG 243)
2.5 linear feet

Common Ground was a community of faith founded by Quakers in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in 1982 to break cycles of poverty, racism, and sexism through nonviolence education and action. Collaborative work with Baton Rouge Friends Meeting, local Clergy and Laity Concerned and Dignity chapters led to founding and shared workspace at Bienville House Center for Peace and Justice. Common Ground developed an educational program for abused residents and ex-residents from the city's domestic violence shelter. Providing sanctuary for Central American refugees led to successful national organizing in opposition to detention of those refugees in remote Oakdale, Louisiana. Eight journals and five newsletters created with and by grassroots women at their request were printed in-house in Lousiiana and Indiana. In Georgia, Common Ground organized biannual leadership retreats with women from a diversity of cultures and faiths. The organization was dissolved in 2006.
 
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Consider the Alternatives Productions, Inc. Records (DG 130)
No finding aid available online.
tripod record
some boxes stored off-site
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Consortium on Peace Research, Education and Development (U.S.) Records [COPRED] (DG 123)
14.5 linear feet
COPRED was founded in 1970 "to foster research and education in the areas of peace and conflict resolution" as a nonprofit, educational organization with both institutional and individual members. The organization's goal was to facilitate communication among those engaged in peace studies, peace education, and policy research. It provided publications, resources, and consulting services, and sponsors conferences and workshops. With the Peace History Society, COPRED edited the academic journal, Peace and Change. In 2002, COPRED merged with the Peace Studies Association to form the Peace and Justice Studies Association. No finding aid available online.
tripod record
 

Marchers passing through Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 1976 [5" x 7" black and white photograph; credit: Dana Grubb]
Continental Walk for Disarmament and Social Justice Records (DG 135)
4.25 linear feet
The CWDSJ was initiated by the War Resisters League in 1974, with additional sponsorship of other peace organizations. The purpose of the organizers was "a call for disarmament, a simultaneous shift of economic priorities away from militarism and toward meeting domestic and global human needs, and removal of the causes of war". The Walk began in Ukiah, California on January 23, 1976 and included"feeder" walks, the marchers covered 8,000 miles through 34 states. The Walk ended on October 18, 1976 at the Pentagon, where 53 marchers were arrested for failure to disperse.
 

Julien Cornell [half-tone image from periodical]
Julien D. Cornell Papers (DG 010)
3.25 linear feet
Julien Cornell was born 1910. He practiced law in New York, New York, with a special interest in civil liberties. During World War II Cornell was considered an expert on legal issues regarding conscientious objection and Civilian Public Service, and was consulted by many lawyers throughout the country for his opinions. He also handled legal cases for many conscientious objectors, as well as advising many other COs about their legal rights. Cornell died in 1994.
restrictions apply

Sticker advertising the Pentagon Blockade, May 1972 [4" x 4";spcstmp0834 ]
David Cortright Papers (DG 101)
9 linear feet
David Cortright was born 1946. He was the co-founder of GI's United Against the War in Vietnam. Cortright later studied at the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington D.C., 1972-1974. His research led to his book Soldiers in Revolt. Cortright served as the Executive Director of National Committee for a SANE Nuclear Policy (later called SANE, Inc.), from 1977 to 1987. When SANE merged with the FREEZE Campaign he became a co-director of the new group, SANE/FREEZE, 1987-1988. Cortright serves as the president of the Fourth Freedom Forum [ca. 1996 - date]
.
 
 

Henry Dana at Young Democracy Conference, 1918 [2.25" x 3.25" sepia photograph, cropped; from DG 110]
 
 
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Dana Papers (DG 011)
10 linear inches
Dana was born 1881 and was a grandson of the poet Longfellow. HWL Dana was a writer and pacifist who taught comparative literature at Columbia University from 1912 until 1917. He lost his teaching post for "disseminating doctrines of disloyalty"; opponent of American participation in World War I. Dana was an advocate of civil liberties and conscientious objection. He died in 1950.
boxes stored off-site

William C. Davidon
(Haverford College)

Ann Morrissett Davidon and William C. Davidon Papers (DG 144)
9 linear feet
Ann Morrissett Davidon (1925-2004) was a writer, editor, educator, pacifist and peace activist throughout her entire life. William Cooper Davidon (1927-2013 ) was a professor of physics at Haverford College (retired 1994), pacifist, and peace activist. The two were married in 1963 and both continued to be very active in peace, pacifist, anti-Vietnam War, and social justice organizations. They advocated and practiced war-tax resistance. In 1971, William Davidon was named an "unindicted co-conspirator" in a plot to kidnap Henry Kissenger.

boxes stored off-site

Daniel Berrigan and John Dear, 2005 (original photo includes Bill McNichols) [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped and altered]
John Dear Papers (DG 201)
20+ linear feet
Rev. John Dear (S.J.) is a Jesuit priest, pastor, peace activist, organizer, writer, lecturer, and retreat leader. He has worked in homeless shelters, soup kitchens, and community centers around the country; traveled in war zones around the world, Dear has; been arrested over 75 times in acts of civil disobedience; organized scores of demonstrations against war and nuclear weapons at military bases across the country, as well as to stop the death penalty. Dear served as Executive Director of the Fellowship of Reconciliation from 1998-2000. After the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center (NYC), worked with and/or counseled some 1,500 family members who had lost loved ones in the tragedy, as well as with hundreds of firefighters and police officers. Dear currently (November 2006) lives in northeastern New Mexico.

some boxes stored off-site

DCPR handmade poster [28" x 22"]
Delaware County Pledge of Resistance Records (DG 242)
3.1 linear feet
Delaware County [Pennsylvania] Pledge of Resistance was originally founded in 1986 as a response to the threat of a U.S. invasion of Nicaragua and the U.S. government's policies toward Central America. It persisted as a local group, working for economic and social justice for oppressed people in the United States and abroad. The group disbanded in winter 2008.
 
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Delaware Draft Counseling and Educational Services Inc. Records (DG 229)
4 linear feet
The Delaware Draft Counseling and Educational Service (DDCES), was organized in early 1969 with offices in Wilmington and Newark, Delaware. It provided men who had been drafted by the Selective Service System with information about the draft and their options within that system. With the beginning of registration in 1980, DDCES provided education, counseling, and services on how to establish conscientious objection status. The organization ended some time in the mid to late 1980s.
 

Dorothy Detzer with children at Children's Home in Soviet Union, ca. 1922-1923 [5.5" x 3.25" sepia photograph on postcard, cropped]
Dorothy Detzer Papers (DG 086)
3 linear feet
Dorothy Detzer was born 1893 and died in 1981. She was a peace activist, writer, and political lobbyist. Detzer served as the National Executive Secretary of the U.S. Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (1924-1946); influenced a Congressional investigation of the munitions industry (1934-1936) and an investigation of US involvement in Liberia. She wrote an autobiography/memoir Appointment on the Hill (1948) describing her two decades in Washington (DC).Detzer's papers contain significant personal material from the last decade of her life as well as earlier WILPF-related material. See DG 043 for more information regarding her work with WILPF.
 

Girl(?) carrying younger brother in Laos(?) [negative 5; credit: Carl Strock]
Dispatch News Service International Records (DG 108)
16.5 linear feet
Formed in Saigon in 1968 by Michael Morrow and other free-lance writers to give Westerners a deeper understanding of the people, problems, and cultures of Asia; Washington, D.C. office opened 1969. DNS focused on news of Indochina, Southeast and East Asia, and Latin America, and suspended operations March 1973. This collection chiefly contains the records of the Washington, D.C., office (1970-1973), including unedited original manuscripts. (many unpublished), articles and releases circulated by DNSI, newsclippings and photocopies of published articles (1968-1973), correspondence (1970-1973), monthly memoranda sent to staff members and writers, newsletters, leaflets, financial records, fund-raising information, legal briefs, and photographs.
photograph exhibit
 

Danilo Dolci with Dorothy Day [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped and altered; credit: COPE, Belle Meade, New Jersey]
Danilo Dolci Papers (DG 105)
3.75 linear feet
Dolci was born in Sesana on June 28,1924. He was a devout Catholic and at age 28 moved to Sicily, working to overcome poverty and violence there. Dolci became known throughout the world as the "Sicilian Gandhi" because of his efforts in creating nonviolent change, and was nominated twice for the Nobel Peace Priz. He died on December 30, 1997 from heart failure.
All material in this document group was collected by Jerre Mangione throughout his long association with Dolci and his work with Friends of Danilo Dolci.
boxes stored off-site
 

Art student at the Central Pioneer Palace, Moscow, Russia, ca. 2001-2008 [6" x 4" color photograph]

Educators for Social Responsibility Records (DG 206)
7.5 linear feet
Edicators for Social Responsibility is national organization headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts; supports social and emotional learning, character education, conflict resolution, violence prevention, and intergroup relations for children in preschool through high school.
 
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Abraham Egnal Papers (DG 136)
1.5 linear feet
Abraham Egnal was born in 1908. He was a schoolteacher fired by the school district in 1953 for refusing to answer questions before the House Un-American Activities Committee as to whether or not he was a communist. Egnal survived by selling housewares at farmers’ markets. In 1967 he was reinstated in his teaching position by the courts and taught for several years at Overbrook High School, and at the Community College of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Villanova University. Egnal was very active in the Philadelphia area peace movement, and became chairman of the West Philadelphia-Main Line Committee of the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, and also of its Greater Philadelphia Council, and chairman of the Philadelphia Mobilization Committee in 1967. He died December 20, 1998. No finding aid available online.
tripod record
 

Eichel brothers and other COs [4.25" x 3.25" sepia photograph, cropped; from CDG-A: New York Burea of Legal Advice]
Eichel Family Papers (DG 131)
3.25 linear feet
Julius, David and Albert Eichel (brothers) were absolutist conscientious objectors to war, All three brothers were imprisoned in various military prison camps in the U.S. during World War I. Julius Eichel, a Socialist, was also imprisoned during WWII for his refusal to cooperate with Selective Service. Julius's son Seymour was also a conscientious objector and imprisoned for stance in 1957. Esther Eichel picketed at the White House to try to win release for her son Seymour. Julius Eichel was an active member of the War Resister's League (DG 040). This collection also includes the correspondence between Julius Eichel and William J. Sidis, the reclusive mathematical genius.
photograph exhibit
 

Doukhobors arriving with Joseph Elkinton in Media, Pennsylvania, 1902 [6.5" x 5" sepia photograph, cropped]
Elkinton Family Doukhobor [Special] Collection (DG 133)
15 linear inches
The Doukhobors (also spelled Dukhobors) are a pacifist sect. They originated in Russia but were forced to emigrate in 1898 due to their refusal to bear arms for the Tsar. They now live primarily in western Canada, but some also remained in Russia. In the late 1930s their leader, Peter P. Verigin, created an organization known as the Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ, also known as the Orthodox Doukhobors, which has maintained the tradition of Doukhobor cultural activities. The Elkinton Family, a prominent Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Quaker family, and other members of the Society of Friends in Canada and the United States, offered moral and material assistance to the Doukhobors because of the connection of their beliefs in pacifism and simplicity. Includes correspondence between members of the Elkinton family and Doukhobors in Canada, 1899-1999; writings of Elkinton family members about the Doukhobors; biographical information about David Cope Elkinton; other correspondence by and about the Doukhobors; books, pamphlets, and manuscripts by and about the Doukhobors including books by Claude Laing Fisher, David C. Henderson, Basil Pozdynakov, Koozma J. Tarasoff, and Joseph S. Elkinton; administrative files of the Society of Friends' Doukhobor Committee (under the care of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting), 1903-1921; scrapbooks, photographs, and memorabilia.
 

Gerhard Elston [5" x 7" black and white photograph, cropped]
Gerhard Elston Papers (DG 165)
28 linear feet
Gerhard Elston was born in 1924 in Berlin, German. He was a Lutheran minister and served as an officer or staff member in many peace and international organizations including as Executive Director for Amnesty Internationl USA (1978-1981), board member of Clergy and Laity Concerned, Bread for the World, American Christians for the Abolition of Torture, and the American Civil Liberties Union. Elston died suddenly in 1992. Much of this collection remains unprocessed and unorganized.
 

Pilot Ruth Rowland Nichols beside airplane, ca. 1936 [10" x 8" sepia photograph, cropped]
Emergency Peace Campaign Records (DG 012)
88.75 linear feet
The EPC was initiated in late 1935 by the American Friends Service Committee and other pacifists. It was originally planned as a two-year campaign to rally peace, religious, labor, African-American and student groups, with the aim was to organize a national campaign to promote peace principles in the face of preparation for war in Europe. Organizers wanted to keep the United States out of war. It may have been preceded by the Emergency Peace Committee (1931-1933), though this has not been documented. The first EPC office opened in February 1, 1936, with Ray Newton serving as Executive Director; other staff members were Baruch Braunstein, Harold Chance, and Kirby Page. The EPC disbanded at the end of 1937, its work continued by the National Peace Conference.
some boxes stored off-site

EPF demonstrators at March on Washington to End U.S. Intervention in Central America and the Caribbean, Nov. 12, 198_ [7" x 5" black and white photograph; credit: Dana Grubb]
Episcopal Peace Fellowship Records (DG 118)
5.5 linear feet
The EPF was founded November 1939 as an association of pacifist members of the Protestant Episcopal Church. The group sought to discover and unite pacifists within the church and to influence its membership regarding Christianity and peace. It sponsored educational projects (publications, lectures, workshops, conferences), provided counseling and financial support for conscientious objectors, and contributed to pacifist projects in other countries.

 
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Edward W. Evans Papers (DG 122)
13 linear inches
Edward Wyatt Evans born in 1882. He was a lifelong member of the Germantown [Pennsylvania] Monthly Meeting [Society of Friends], and was active in the Friends Peace Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Evans was instrumental in the founding of the Fellowship of Reconciliation and served as its executive secretary from 1916-1919. He died in 1976.
 

Elise Boulding taking part in outdoor meeting, Omega Institute, New York, September 1985 [5" x 3" color photograph, cropped]
Exploratory Project on the Conditions of Peace Records [EXPRO] (DG 160)
10.5 linear feet
EXPRO was established in 1987 as a forum to explore the conditions needed for a sustainable peace, and to develop positive alternatives for security in the nuclear age. Its headquarters were located first at the Sociology Department of Boston College (Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts), and later in Washington (DC). The founder was W.H. Ferry; and the group published books, background papers on various peace issues. EXPRO ceased operation in 1990 or 1991.

 
 
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Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America: Committee on the Conscientious Objector Records (DG 048)
3.75 linear feet
Established in 1940 to serve as a center of information on conscientious objectors, particularly those in churches other than historic peace churches; active until 1946.
 

Bayard Rustin with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, India, 1949 (original includes other people) [7"x 5"sepia photograph, cropped; from box "Individuals: A-Z"]
Fellowship of Reconciliation Records [FOR] (DG 013)
171+ linear feet
The FOR was founded in 1915 by Christian pacifists. Today members are now drawn from many religious groups. The FOR seeks to apply principles of peace and social justice and nonviolent social change to issues such as disarmament, conscription, race relations, economic justice, and civil liberties. The FOR-USA is affiliated with the International Fellowship of Reconciliation.
 
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Henry Leroy Finch Jr. (Roy Finch) Papers (DG 195)
2.7 linear feet
Henry Leroy Finch, Jr., known as Roy Finch was a philosopher; pacifist and conscientious objector to World War II. He served in Civilian Public Service Camp no. 37 (Coleville, California), and at state hospitals in Trenton, New Jersey and Williamsburg, Virginia. Finch was the editor of magazines, including Alternative and Liberation. He was involved with and then dissociated from the American Forum for Socialist Education; affiliated with the Fellowship of Reconciliation and War Resisters League.
 
 

Broadside re: war/peace films being shown at universities [9" x 17";scpcDoc0375]
Five College Program in Peace and World Security Records (DG 019)
7.6 linear feet
Educational arm of the Five Colleges of Western Massachusetts (Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, Smith, and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst); conducts a program of lectures, panels, and films, as well as conferences and faculty workshops, to enhance the teaching of peace studies. Collection consists primarily of peace studies reference files. No finding aid available online.
tripod record
 

Ross Flanagan with an offering for peace during memorial service, Quaker Action and Witness, Washington, D.C., August 13, 1967 [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped]
Ross Flanagan Papers (DG 064)
1.5 linear feet
Ross Flanagan was born in 1934. He was a Quaker pacifist and activist, involved in many Quaker-sponsored projects, peace, and civil rights activities. Flanagan served on the staff of the American Friends Service Committee in the 1950s, and was an early protestor against the Vietnam War. He worked with A Quaker Action Group in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and was involved in neighborhood revitalization projects in West Philadelphia in the 1970s.

 

Three women (Crystal Eastman on the right) holding up sign "No Navies" during Woman's Peace Party demonstration, ca. 1915-1919 [6.75" x 4.5" sepia photograph
Lella Faye Secor Florence Papers (DG 126)
5 linear inches
Born Lella Faye Secor in Battle Creek, Michigan in 1887, she was pacifist, writer, and radical. Secor became a pacifist while serving as a journalist on the Henry Ford Peace Expedition (1915-1916) and in this period she participated in several peace organizations focused on keeping the United States out of World War I. Secor moved to England in 1917 following her marriage to Philip Sargant Florence and was active in the British section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and in the birth control movement there. Florence was the author of Birth Control on Trial. She died in 1966. This collection contains family and other correspondence as well as correspondence, accounts, and news clippings about the Henry Ford Peace Expedition (1915-1916); material about the peace organizations in which Secor participated, including the American Neutral Conference Committee, the American Union Against Militarism, the Emergency Peace Federation, The People's Council of America for Democracy and Peace, The Young Democracy, and the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation.
 

Pin "Votes for Women, 1915"
[.05" enamel on metal;spcbuttn00058]
Rose Dabney Forbes Papers (DG 014)
1.25 linear feet
Rose Dabney Malcolm Forbes born ca. 1875. She served as the chairman of the Massachusetts Branch of the Woman's Peace Party from 1915 to 1920, when the Massachusetts branch helped organize a food conservation program during the First World War. Forbes was active in many other organizations, including the Massachusetts Peace Society and the National Council for Prevention of War. She was a wealthy woman who gave $100,000 between 1921 and 1942.to the National Council for Prevention of War. She
died in 1947.
some boxes stored off-site


Small broadside "March on Washington for Peace in Vietnam: A Call to Mobilize the Conscience of America, November 27, 1965 [11" x 16.85"; credit: Jules Feiffer (cartoon)]

Esther Frankel Papers (DG 097)
5 linear feet
Frankel was a New Jersey attorney, pacifist, and civil rights activist and member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, served as head its Human Rights Committee. She was especially active in its New Jersey branch. Frankel was also involved with Women Strike for Peace and other reform movements relating to feminism and disarmament. specialized in civil rights litigation in the 1950s and Selective Service litigation in the 1960s. This collection includes case files and occasional correspondence of Frankel relating to her work handling civil liberties litigation (1950s) and selective service litigation (1960s) for Vietnam Warera draftees.
restrictions apply

Elizabeth M. Sarcka, 90-year-old
Freeze Corps volunteer, 1984 [5" x 7" color photograph, cropped; credit: Ellen Weinstock, Grinnel, Iowa]

Freeze Voter Records (DG 156)
5 linear feet
Freeze Voter '84 was established in 1983 as a political and lobbying arm of the nuclear arms freeze movement. The group changed its name to Freeze Voter in 1985. The headquarters of the group moved from St. Louis, Missouri to Washington. D.C. in 1984. The Executive Directors were: William Curry (1983-1984) and William (Chip) Reynolds (1984-1989). Freeze Voter worked with the electorate and with legislators, trained activists in political skills through its National Training Institute and local training sessions. In February 1989, two segments of Freeze Voter (Freeze Voter Training Institute and Freeze Voter Education Fund) voted to merge with the Professionals' Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control. A third entity, Freeze Voter PAC, elected to maintain a separate legal status. This collection includes the Freeze Voter's analysis and targeting of state and national political campaigns, and the arms control activities of its state affiliates.

boxes stored off-site

Planetary Society founders, including Carl Sagan (seated right), and Louis Friedman (standing left)
Louis Friedman Papers (DG 238)
35 linear feet
Louis Friedman; Lou Friedman was born in 1934. He was based in Connecticut, USA and served as a consultant, facilitator, producer and press coordinator in international environmental and peace organizations. Friedman has worked internationally with Promoting Enduring Peace, EarthKind, People's Action for Clean Energy (PACE), Sowing Peace, Beyond Nuclear, and many other peace and environmental organizations. Together with his wife, Judi Friedman, an environmentalist and award-winning children's book author, he has traveled as a citizen-diplomat who, during the Cold War brought several Soviet/Russian delegations to the United States to further communication on these issues. Friedman has organized peace-building Soviet-American river cruises and trips through Soviet cities for United States media, and participated in actions at the Nevada Test Site, the Pentagon, and the White House.

boxes stored off-site

Ed Snyder and Wilmer Cooper in front of U.S. Capitol, 1956 [8" x 10" black and white photograph; credit: Merton Scott, Richmond, Indiana]
Friends Committee on National Legislation Records [FCNL] (DG 047) some boxes stored off-site
200+ linear feet
The FCNL, a Quaker Congressional lobbying organization was established in 1943 to bring conscience and spiritual values to the political process in Washington, D.C. The organization grew out of the work of Friends War Problems Committee. This collection includes reference files relating to disarmament, conscription, universal military training, conscientious objection, pacifism, United Nations, Vietnam war, civil liberties, civil rights, food supply, and Indian rights.
boxes stored off-site

Barbara Polcer with adopted son, Nguyen Van Dong, from Vietnam, June 19, 1968 [8" x 7.5" black and white photograph; credit: Calvin Solliday, Trenton, New Jersey]
Friends Meeting for Sufferings of Vietnamese Children Records (DG 111)
3.5 linear feet
The FMSVC was ounded in 1966. The group was also called the Meeting for Sufferings of Vietnamese Children (MSVC), and it was headquartered in Media, Pennsylvania. The FMSVC was founded primarily by Quakers, and its purpose was to bring injured and orphaned Vietnamese and Amerasian children to the United States for medical treatment, placement in foster homes, or permanent adoption. The group worked in cooperation with Welcome House in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, and with other organizations, including the Committee of Responsibility, the American Friends Service Committee, International Social Service, and Physicians for Social Responsibility. FMSVC disbanded in October 1969. This collection includes meeting minutes (1966-1968), newsletters (1967-1969), and mailings. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, much of which deals with adoption and finance. There is also staff correspondence, both domestic and with Morgan Sibbett, the MSVC representative in Saigon, as well as correspondence with Welcome House. There are adoption documents including one received by FMSVC from the South Vietnamese government in May 1967 describing 60 Vietnamese children.
 

Bach Mai Hospital, North Vietnam, after 12 days of bombing, 1972
[from Blog of Sonny Le ]
Friendshipment/Bach Mai Hospital Relief Fund Records (DG 228)
9 linear feet
Following the end of the Vietnam Conflict in 1975, a group of Americans organized to help rebuild Vietnam through "people-to-people aid to Vietnam." The coalition involved approximately 36 religious, political, and community organizations.Collection is unprocessed.
 

A. Ruth Fry, ca. 1920s [4.5" x 6.5" sepia photograph]
A. Ruth Fry Papers (DG 046)
1.1 linear feet
Anna Ruth Fry was born in1878. Fry, was a British Quaker peace activist and autho, who travelled throughout Europe and Russia as a commissioner for the Friends War Victims Relief Committee after World War I. She also served as secretary of the National Council for the Prevention of War and as treasurer of War Resisters' International. Fry died 1962.
 
 

GVCP demonstration, August 2013
[from GVCP web site]
Genesee Valley Citizens for Peace (DG 255)
1.75 linear feet
Genesee Valley Citizens for Peace, located near Rochester, New York, was formed in May, 1972. GVPC is a nonviolent activist group consists of concerned individuals from western upstate New York. Since that time the organization has worked against the Vietnam war, and for amnesty for war resisters, for nuclear disarmament (with particular emphasis on Seneca Army Depot in Romulus, New York), and for a change in national priorities to stress human needs rather than military spending. It remains very active against U.S. participation in war in the Middle East and elsewhere, as well nuclear weapons, and military spending.
 

Jumble of Selective Service files on roof area outside of S.S. office, taken during FBI surveillance of the Camden 28 [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped]
Anthony Giacchino Camden 28 [Motion Picture] Collection (DG 235)
3.75 linear feet
Anthony Giacchino was was born in 1969. He has been a television producer and documentary filmmaker since 1994. Part of his work has involved films about the bombing of Dresden, Germany ("Time Bomb"), a documentary on David McReynolds, and "The Camden 28". The film on the Camden 28 covered the story of group of activists who broke into a Camden, New Jerwey draft board office and destroyed draft records on August 21, 1971. This collection contains materials from the production of the documentary, interview transcripts of Camden 28 defendants and others from the late 1990s through 2004, when the "The Camden 28" film was being planned and filmed. In addition, material from period when the Camden 28 raid and trial took place, including trial trarnscripts, newspaper clipping, and some govertment documents.
restrictions apply
[no image]
Robert Wallace Gilmore Papers (DG 163)
11 linear feet
Robert Wallace Gilmore was a Quaker pacifist and peace activist, active with the New York Friends Group, World Without War Council, Negotiation Now!, and many other organizations promoting peace and social change, includingSANE, the Committee for Non-Violent Action, the International Confederation for Peace and Disarmament and the Committee for a Political Settlement in Vietnam. He was also affiliated with the American Friends Service Committee. Robert Gilmore was married to Joyce Mertz Gilmore, and their personal convictions led them to be involved with and to grant funds for peace and civil rights initiatives and organizations.
boxes stored off-site

Edward Gottlieb and Dr. Henry Borenson
(Photograph courtesy of Henry Borenson)
Edward P. Gottlieb Papers (DG 172)
8.5 linear feet
Edward Gottleib was an educator, civil rights activist, peace activist, and poet; served as chairman of the War Resisters League. He was a long-time resident of New York City.
 
[no image]
Anna Melissa Graves Papers (DG 015)
8.5 linear feet
Anna Melissa Graves was an author, teacher, world traveler, and internationalist. She was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Graves assisted in relief work after World War I, in Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. She became active in leftist political circles, and was the friend and benefactor of Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, a Peruvian political leader. Graves was member of Women's International League for Peace and Freeom. She published several books based on her correspondence with people around the world, and with pacifists and internationalists. The papers of Graves consist mostly of correspondence from friends around the world. The letters, approximately half of which are from women, touch on family life in Syria, work and family conditions in China from the 1920s through the 1950s, and educational life in South America. Many of the letters describe war time and post war conditions in France and Germany. The issues of race and educational aspirations also are topics of many letters.

some boxes stored off-site


Marchers on the road [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Jim Burnett,
World-Herald]

Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament Records (DG 147)
26 linear feet
In 1986 six hundred people marched across the United States to demonstrate their opposition to the world-wide nuclear arms race. The march took nine months from California to Washington, D.C. The marchers wrote: "we will create a non-violent focus for positive change; the imperative being that nuclear weapons are politically, socially, economically and morally unjustifiable, and that, in any number, they are unacceptable." The GPM was also a traveling intentional and communal society. GPM marchers and supporters reached their destination, Washington, D.C., on November 15, 1986. The collection includes correspondence to/from marchers, GPM administrative records, as well as accounts, poetry, art, and songs by marchers and supporters; photographs, film, and other memorabilia.
 

GWEN site, Hackleburg, Alabama
[6" x 4" color photograph, cropped]
GWEN Project Records (DG 202)
7.9 linear feet
The GWEN Project was founded in the mid-1980s as a grassroots, citizen-action organizatin working against Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN), a plan by the U.S. Air Force to build towers around the U.S. to use for communication in the event that other methods were disabled. The GWEN Project was headquartered in Amherst, Massachusetts, and headed by co-directors, Nancy Foster and Lois Barber. In 1994 the U.S. Congress refused further funding to the Air Force for GWEN, calling it wasteful and unnecessary.
boxes stored off-site
 

Detail of banner, May 1999 [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped; credit: Arjen van de Merwe, Amsterdam, The Netherlands]
Hague Appeal for Peace Records (DG 211)
14.1 linear feet
The HAP was both an organization (based in New York, New York) and a conference, held May 11-15, 1999 at The Hague, Netherlands, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899. Hague Appeal for Peace has defined itself as an organization with a global campaign to create a "culture of peace". Its president was Cora Weiss, and other peace actiivists, such as Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Graça Machel, Jody Williams, José Ramos-Horta, Queen Noor of Jordan, the Dalai Lama have lent their support.
 


Howard W. Hallman
(from website of Methodists United
for Peace and Justice)
Howard W. Hallman Papers (DG 246)
17.9 linear feet
Howard W. Hallman has been a peace and social justice activist since the 1950s. He was a conscientious objector during the Korean War and opposed the Vietnam war. Hallman has worked for nuclear disarmament since the 1980s, especially in an interfaith context. He is a founder of Methodists United for Peace With Justice and associated with the Interfaith Committee for Nuclear Disarmament. Hallman has been long worked for civil rights and has worked professionally as a housing and neighborhood advocate. He is author of more than 250 publications including nine books, such as Small and Large Together: Governing the Metropolis and Neighborhoods: Their Place in Urban Life.
 

William Jennings Bryan and Henry Ford [5" x 3.75" sepia photograph; credit: International Film Service Inc., New York., New York]
Henry Ford Peace Expedition Records (DG 018)
20.5 linear feet
An expedition sponsored by automobile magnate Henry Ford in 1915 to establish a conference of neutral nations for the implementation of peace proposals through continous mediation to bring about an end to World War I. Ford and supporters sailed to Europe on board the ship Oscar II. These non-official records of the expedition including scattered correspondence and personal files of Theodore A. Hostetler, Benjamin W. Huebsch, John E. Jones, Louis P. Lochner, Rosika Schwimmer, and Arthur L. Weatherly, including diaries, correspondence, statements, speeches, passenger lists and biographies, press releases, pamphlets, the Argosy (a shipboard newsletter), menus, invitations, press credentials, visiting cards, newsclippings, and photos; together with documents of the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation. This collection also includes the research notes of historian Barbra Kraft, who wrote about the expedition.
some boxes stored off-site

Jessie Wallace Hughan, ca. 1939-1940
at WRL conference [3.25" x 2.5" negative, altered and cropped;
from DG 251 photographs]]
Jessie Wallace Hughan Papers (DG 251)
5 linear feet
Jessie Wallace Hughan (December 25, 1875 – April 10, 1955) was an American educator, social activist, and a radical pacifist. During her college days she was one of four co-founders of Alpha Omicron Pi, a national sorority for university women. She also was a founder and the first Secretary of the War Resisters League, established in 1923. For over two decades, she was a perennial candidate for political office on the ticket of the Socialist Party of America in her home state of New York.
 

Hannah Hull, 1932 [3.75" x 5.75" sepia photograph; from DG 043: Individuals]
Hannah Clothier Hull Papers (DG 016)
3 linear feet
Hannah Clothier Hull was born 1872 to a Pennsylvania Quaker family. She was a graduate of Swarthmore College and married William Isaac Hull, professor of history and peace studies at Swarthmore. Hannah C. Hull was an early officer of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S.section, and served as a national officer of the WILPF for nearly forty years. Hull was active in other social reform movements and internationally. She served on the board of the American Friends Service Committee. Hannah Hull died in 1958.
some boxes stored off-site

Cover of book "Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Memories and Questions" by Gaillard T. Hunt, 1995
Gaillard T. Hunt Papers (DG 199)
3.1 linear feet
No finding aid available online.
tripod record
link to Hunt's own web site and writings
 
 
 

Dorothy Hutchinson [2.5" x 4.5" black and white photograph; from DG 043: Individuals]
Dorothy Hutchinson Papers (DG 125)
5.25 linear feet
Dorothy Hutchinson was born in 1905. She was a Quaker devoted to peace causes, civil rights, and internationalism. Hutchinson was also a writer and lecturer. During World War II she was a founding member of the Peace Now Movement. In the 1960s Hutchinson served as the president of the U.S. Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (1961-1965), and as international president of WILPF (1965-1968). Hutchinson died in 1984.
restrictions apply
 

G.I. March, San Francisco, California, October 12, 1968 [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Internews, Berkeley, California]
Indochina Resource Center Records (DG 167)
5.25 linear feet
The Indochina Resource Center was founded in 1971 to inform the American people, legislators, and the media about the war in Indochina. The IRC also disseminated information about the countries of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam where U.S. military personnel were fighting or bombing. The IRC changed its name to the Southeast Asia Resource Center in 1976. In 1982 the organization was absorbed by Asia Research Center.
boxes stored off-site

J. Stuart Innerst, ca. 1955? [3.25" x 5" black and white photograph]
J. Stuart Innerst Papers (DG 103)
6.25 linear feet
J. Stuart Innerst was born in 1894. He was a United Brethren in Christ missionary to China in the 1920s. Innerst and his wife Marion Reachard Innerst left China in 1927 with great concerns about the influence of western imperialism in that country. J. Stuart Innerst served as pastor of several churches and joined the Society of Friends in 1943. In addition to his pastoral work, Innerst also served as the Director of the Quaker Friends in Washington Program (1960-1961, lobbied members of Congress regarding China, disarmament and peace, and other issues. He co-authored the book A New China Policy: Some Quaker Proposals (1965), and his reflections on China were published posthumously in the book China Gray, China Green. Innerst died in 1975
boxes stored off-site
[no image]
Institute for World Order: Grants Committee Records (DG 112)
2 linear feet
The Institute for World Order: Grants Committee was established in 1964 to handle the grant-making functions of the Institute for International Order. The name of the organization was changed in 1972 to Institute for World Order. The grant program was discontinued in 1978.

 

Cloth banner "God Is Love In Russia Too" [36" x 18"; scpcclothitem0109]
International Peace Walk Records (DG 150)
5.5 linear feet
The International Peace Walk was begun in January 1987 by individuals who had participated in the Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament. These activists organized marches across the United States and the Soviet Union in 1987 and 1988, with marches planned for future years. Their purpose was to create a climate of trust between American and Soviet citizens in which arms control and reductions would become increasingly easier, and to focus attention on the costs of the U.S.-Soviet arms race. The group was headquartered in Washington, D.C., with regional U.S. offices.
 

Homer Jack, ca. 1955 [8" x 10" sepia proof photograph, cropped; credit: J.D. Toloff Studio]
Homer A. Jack Papers (DG 063)
61.5 linear feet
Homer A. Jack (1916-1993) was a Unitarian Universalist clergyman and denominational official who sought to apply religious values to national and international affairs. Jack was executive secretary of the Chicago Council Against Racial and Religious Discrimination (1943-1948), executive director of SANE (1960-1964), and secretary general of the World Conference on Religion and Peace (1970-1983). He had been minister of churches in Lawrence, Kansas (1942-1943), Evanston, Illinois (1948-1959), and Winnetka, Illinois (1984-1987) and served as director of the Division of Social Responsibility of the Unitarian Universalist Association (1964-1970). Jack also chaired the NGO Committee on Disarmament (at UN Headquarters) from 1973-1984. Homer Jack "retired" to Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, in January 1987. He published a history of the World Conference on Religion and Peace in 1993, and continued to be active in various peace and human rights organizations, speaking and traveling frequently. Homer Jack died of cancer in 1993.
 

Roy Kepler, 1981 [5" x 7" black and white photograph]
Roy Kepler Papers (DG 185)
6.25 linear feet
Roy Kepler was a radical pacifist, conscientious objector during World War II, during which he was active in political organizing in Civilian Public Service camps. He owned paperback bookstore in Berkeley, California which served as center for those interested in left politics, the early Beatnik scene, new music scene of the 1960s, and other causes. Kepler worked with draft resisters during the Vietnam War and was a founder of the Pacifica Foundation and public radio in Berkeley, California. He served on the national board of the War Resisters League, particularly West Coast branches, and was also active with the Peacemakers, the Committee for Nonviolent Action, the Institute for the Study of Nonviolence, the Third Camp, and other groups advocating nonviolent social change. Kepler died in 1994.
 

Mohonk Mountain House [6.75" x 4.75" sepia photograph]
Lake Mohonk Conferences on International Arbitration Records (DG 054)
101.5 linear feet
This collection documents the annual arbitration conferences (1895-1916) held at Mohonk Mountain House, Ulster County. New York. The conferences were organized by the Quaker Smiley family, owners of the Mohonk Mountain House. At their height, the conferences attracted hundreds of leaders of government, the peace movement, business, religion, the press, and education. The purpose of the conferences were to create and direct public sentiment in favor of international arbitration, arbitration treaties, and an international court.
some boxes stored off-site
[no image]
Latin America Working Group Records (DG 184)
17.4 linear feet
The Latin America Working Group was founded in 1983 as Central America Lobby Group, a project of the Coalition for a New Foreign and Military Policy. LAWG became a separate entity in 1988, under the name Central America Working Group and changed its name in 1995 to Latin America Working Group to reflect its expanded mandate. The collection ncludes correspondence, administrative files, minutes of meetings, newspaper clippings, reference files.

 

Button "Children's Survival, March 25, Washington, D.C.," ca. 1967-1971 [1.75" metal covered with plastic; spcbuttn00174]
Robert Levering Papers (DG 080)
2 linear feet
Robert E. Levering is a pacifist and Quaker. He has been the co-author of Fortune magazine's annual list of the "100 Best Companies to Work For," and a speaker on workplace trends and management strategies aimed at improving workplace productivity. Levering is a graduate of Swarthmore College and the Martin Luther King Jr. School of Social Change. He has also been involved with A Quaker Action Group, American Friends Service Committee, Friends Peace Committee, New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, and People's Coalition for Peace and Justice.
 


Faith and Ward Libby, 1950
[2.5" x 2" sepia photograph, cropped]

Frederick Libby and Faith Ward Libby Papers (DG 087)
10.5 linear inches
Frederick J. Libby (1874-1970) was a pacifist, writer, speaker and fundraiser. He was the founder and director of the National Council for Prevention of War, 1921-1970. Faith Ward Libby (1902-1984) was also a peace activist and member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. The two married in 1932.
some boxes stored off-site

Belva Lockwood, 1866 [8" x 10" sepia cabinet card, cropped]
Belva Ann Lockwood Papers (DG 098)
6 linear inches
Belva Ann Lockwood was a lawyer, suffragist, peace activist, and the first woman attorney to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court. She was thel Presidential candidate of the National Equal Rights Party in 1884 and again in 1888. Lockwood served as the attorney representing the Eastern Cherokees is their successful suit before the Supreme Court in the early years of the twentieth century. She was a long-time executive board member of the Universal Peace Union. This collection includes scattered correspondence (1902-1913), briefs and legal memoranda, manuscripts of speeches and writings, memorabilia, pamphlets by Lockwood, articles, monographs, and clippings about Lockwood, and photographs, relating to her activities as a peace worker, and advocate of rights of women. The collection also includes material relating to the National Equal Rights Party, the American Woman's Republic, and the Universal Peace Union.
 

Unidentified people holding proclamations about Harrisburg-Hiroshima-Nagasaki Remembrance Week, ca. 1985 or 1989 [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped]
Milton Lowenthal Papers (DG 191)
12.5 linear feet
Milton Lowenthal was an activist involved in peace and antinuclear movements in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He became active in 1979 after the accident at the nuclear plant at Three Mile Island, near Harrisburg. Lowenthal was also active with the United Nations Association of the United States of America in Harrisburg, the U.N.'s International Year of the Child, the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. He was a sponsor of Japanese antinuclear artist Kazuaki Kita.
 

Walter Reuther, Rev. Alton Motter
and Dr. Conrad Bergendoff at LPF dinner, 1962 [10" x 8" black and white photograph]
Lutheran Peace Fellowship Records (DG 171)
22.5 linear inches
Lutheran Peace Fellowship began its institutional life as three separate Lutheran peace groups in the late 1930s and early 1940. In 1974, John Backe, pastor of Trinity Lutheran Church in New York City, became coordinator of the Lutheran Peace Fellowship, bringing it out of a relatively dormant period. Throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, the Lutheran Peace Fellowship published newsletters, enabled discussions, and organized meetings around the themes of the spirituality of non-violence, the Lutheran chaplaincy system, tax resistance, socially-responsible investing, and economic and racial justice, among other topics. Throughout the existence of the Lutheran Peace Fellowship, the membership and activity of the group waxed and waned according to the needs and tempo of the times. The Lutheran Peace Fellowship is still active today.
 

Cover of book "Stepping Stones: Memoir of a Life Together" by the Lynds, 2009

Alice Niles Lynd and Staughton Lynd Papers (DG 099)
8.33 linear feet
Quakers, authors, and activists in the civil rights and peace movements; have worked individually and have collaborated on many labor and pacifist projects. Alice Lynd, draft counsellor, nursery school teacher, and writer, worked with the American Friends Service Committee and directed day care and health center projects in Chicago, Illinois. Staughton Lynd (b. 1929), historian and community organizer, taught at Spelman College and Yale University. He directed freedom schools during the Mississippi Summer Project (1964) and was chairman of the first march against the Vietnam War in Washington, D.C. on April 17, 1965. Later that year he visited Hanoi, North Vietnam. He graduated from law school in 1976, then practiced labor law. In the Youngstown, Ohio, area both Lynds helped workers to create a variety of grassroots organizations. After retirement, they became advocates for prisoners who were sentenced to death or confined under supermaximum security conditions. Collection includes many letters, statements and other writings that tell the story of the resistance movement to the draft that was instituted during the Vietnam War in the 1960s and 1970s. It is possible to see how draft resistance developed on a local level in the Chicago area where the Lynds were living and working, but also on a national scale as Alice Lynd corresponded with and interviewed men and women opposed to the draft from around the country. Material about the development and publishing of books by Alice and Staughton are included in the collection, as well as much reference material. In addition, personal files relate the Lynds' interests, work and involvements through the thirty years that their papers cover.

 

Bradford Lyttle [8" x 10" black and white photograph]
Bradford Lyttle Papers (DG 079)
36.6 linear feet
Bradford Lyttle was born in 1927. Bradford Lyttle is a long time, leading peace activist involved in the promotion of nonviolence for social change and the elimination of war and nuclear weapons. Lyttle was the organizer of the San Francisco to Moscow walk in the 1960-1961, to highlight the message of disarmament and nonviolent resistance and bringing together U.S. and Soviet citizens together during the height of the Cold War. He went on to organize and participate in other marches and protests, including the Quebec - Washington - Guantanamo Walk for Peace, during which he and twenty other marchers were jailed by police in Albany, Georgia. During the Vietnam war Lyttle coordinated many organizations and demonstrations against the war. In 1983 he founded the United States Pacifist Party and ran for president in the 1984 elections. Lyttle continues to work for peace around the world. He has been a war tax resister, worked with peace projects and refugees in Bosnia and Croatia, and has been arrested many times for protests against nuclear weapons, the last time in 2011. He lives in Chicago, Illinois..
restrictions apply
 

Summer work camp reconstructing Worley house [9.5" x 7.5" sepia photograph, cropped]
Macedonia Cooperative Community Records (DG 071)
2 linear feet
The Macedonia Cooperative Community was formed in 1937 in northern Georgia by Morris Randolph Mitchell (1895-1976). The community comprised of families who worked collectively on dairy, agricultural, forestry, and woodworking projects that provided the economic underpinnings of the community. It was originally established as an economic cooperative, and it later passed through two distinctive phases before it folded in 1958. Many of the men who joined the community had been conscientious objectors during World War II. The collection is rich in details about what went into the establishment and maintenance of this intentional community, seen especially in the many letters exchanged between Morris Mitchell and Elvin Roberts, which portray Mitchell's intense enthusiasm for all that he hoped to accomplish there, and his great attention to specifics (including sketches of Mitchell's ideas for the cabins to be built, etc.).
 

Dorothy Marder, 1986 [4"x 6" color photograph, cropped]
Dorothy Marder Papers (DG 233)
12.75 linear feet
Dorothy Marder was a photographer and photojournalist, peace activist, Lesbian and Gay community member, counselor, and disabilities advocate. Her most extensive photographic work concerned women's peace activism (especially Women Strike for Peace), in the New York, New York area between the late 1960s through the 1980s Many of her photographs appeared in peace movement and alternative press publications. Marder photographed well-known peace activists, feminists, and political figures of the last quarter of the twentieth century including: Bella Abzug, Joan Baez, David Dellinger, Ron Dellums, Barbara Jordan, Coretta Scott King, Grace Paley, and Gloria Steinem.

 

Milada Marsalka at Promoting Enduring Peace holiday party, December 1986 [5" x 3.5" color photograph, cropped]
Milarda Marsalka Papers (DG 217)
3.3 linear feet
Milada Marsalka was a member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Section, active with the New Haven, Connecticut Branch. Marsalka worked for American-Soviet friendship and conversion of economy from military to civilian production. She was born in Czechoslovakia and later moved to the United States. Marsalka died in 1999 or 2000.

 

Button "America Wants World Peace," 1914 [0.8" metal; spcbuttn00063 ]
Massachusetts Peace Society Records (DG 020)
5 linear feet
The Massachusetts Peace Society was the second [third?] peace society to form in America. It was organized on December 28, 1815 and founded primarily by Noah Worcester (1758-1837), a Unitarian minister. The membership list of the new Society included an array of clergymen and Boston merchants, as well as prominent men at Harvard University and in local and state government. Women joined the society within the first five years of its existence. The MPS accepted persons who did not hold to a full pacifist position, attempting to unite all those who believed that war as a method of resolving conflict was both unchristian and inhumane. Support for the MPS dwindled during the 1820s and the retirement of Worcester in 1828 bled it of much of its vitality. The MPS merged into the newly formed American Peace Society in May 1828. A new MPS was organized on April 27, 1911, upon the departure from Boston of the American Peace Society's offices to Washington, D.C. It was possibly a branch of the American Peace Society and held monthly meetings with addresses by prominent men. U.S. entry into World War I put an end to its activities.


some boxes stored off-site

John McConnell, 1958 [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped]
John McConnell Papers (DG 212)
24.5 linear feet
John McConnell (1915-2012), was an author, editor; minister, advocate for the environment, businessman, and peace activist. He organized Meals for Millions in 1962 in San Francisco, California to feed displaced Hong Kong refugees. McConnell also organized the Minute for Peace radio broadcast in 1964. He designed the Earth Flag in 1968 and proposed the first idea of Earth Day in 1969, Sea Citizens in 1974, and Earth Trustees in 1995.
some boxes stored off-site

David McReynolds while Field Secretary of the War Resisters League, ca. 1961 [7" x 5" black and white photograph, cropped]

David McReynolds Papers (DG 134)
30.5 linear feet
David McReynolds has been an activist with the War Resisters League, the Socialist Party USA and the Democratic Socialists of America. He was an editor of Liberation magazine in the 1950s and a leader of the WRL from the 1950s until his retirement in 1999. McReynolds ran for Congress twice and for President of the U.S. twice, including a run in 2000. McReynolds has attempted to integrate anti-war and pacifist philosophy with Socialist economics. David McReynolds is openly gay and written about this topic as well. This collection also includes meeting minutes, releases, convention reports and publications, datebooks, articles by McReynolds, and newsclippings about him.

restrictions apply

Lucia Ames Mead [negative in collective DG box (4"x5"/5"x7")]
Edwin Mead and Lucia Ames Mead Papers (DG 021)
13.25 linear feet
Edwin Mead was active with the World Peace Foundation and the Lake Mohonk Conferences. His papers include correspondence (1876-1935), with many peace leaders, includingAndrew Carnegie (1902 to 1910) and Edwin Ginn. In addition to the correspondence there are manuscripts, printed articles, clippings, and memorials issued after his death. Substantial amounts of material by and about Edwin Mead may be found in the records of the World Peace Foundation and the Lake Mohonk Conferences on International Arbitration.
Lucia Ames Mead was a writer and peace activist. She was a founder of the Woman's Peace Party and active with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Her papers consist of her diaries, notebooks, and correspondence with numerous organizations, including the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, the Woman's Peace Union (London), and the American Woman's Republic. Many manuscripts and printed versions of her articles, pamphlets, book reviews, and newspaper clippings are included. Collection also contains a file of newspaper clippings on attacks on Mead for her role in the peace movement by the American Legion and the Daughters of the American Revolution. There are also peace cartoons, photographs, and memorials issued after her death.
 


Helen Mears, circa 1948
(from the dust jacket of the Japanese edition of her book Mirror for Americans
[2005])

Helen Mears Papers (DG 210)
7.5 linear inches
Helen Mears (1902-1989), was a writer and journalist, especially interested in Japan and Asia.  Mears first traveled to China in 1925 and ten years later Mears spent nine months in Japan. Out of the trip to Japan she published two books and a series of essays that appeared in The New Yorker. Mears traveled throughout Asia, the Soviet Union, Europe, and parts of South America. After World War II Mears traveled again to Japan served in an official capacity as a member of the U.S. labor advisory committee. From the 1950s through the 1960s Mears wrote occasional articles on southeast Asia, critiquing European and U.S. involvement there. Mears was a board member of the War Resisters League in the 1950s and worked against the H-Bomb. Helen Mears published several books on Japan. These include: Mirror for Americans, Japan, Boston : Houghton Mifflin Co., 1948; Year of the Wild Boar: an American Woman in Japan in 1947.
 
[no image]
Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors Records (DG 060)
7.5 linear feet
The Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors was stablished by the United Pacifist Committee in 1940 as a non-sectarian, free advisory service for conscientious objectors to war and military service. It mostly served COs from metropolitan New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. The organization was disbanded in 1980.
restrictions apply
|
Button "Resist Don't Enlist"
[2.25" metal; spcbuttn00375]

Midwest Committee for Military Counseling Records (DG 187)
1.75 linear feet
The MCMC was founded in 1976 as an outgrowth of the Midwest Office of the Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors (which had closed in 1976) and its predecessor, the Midwest Committee for Draft Counseling. The group provided counseling, training sessions and public education; worked with counselors, attorneys, community groups and religious bodies on behalf of potential recruits to the military and people on active military duty. It ceased operation in 1995 or 1996. The collection includes correspondence, administrative files, flyers and handbills, minutes of meetings, newspaper clippings, publicity materials, reference files, memorabilia, audiovisual items, photographs, and posters.

 
[no image]
Joseph Miller Papers (DG 193)
6.66 feet
Joseph Miller was born in 1912. He was a mortgage banker, founder and president of Barco, Inc. and an activist for peace and social justice causes such as welfare rights, n and the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy. Miller died in 1997.
 
Military Families Speak Out (DG 253)
3.5 feet
Military Families Speak Out is an organization of people opposed to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan who have relatives or loved ones have served in the military since the fall of 2002. MFSO was formed by two families in November of 2002,and in 2014 includes close to 4,000 military families
.
 

Group singing at National Network meeting, 1979 [4.75" x 3.5" black and white print]
Movement for a New Society Records (DG 154)
48.5 linear feet
Movement for a New Society began in 1971 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as a national network of activists committed to building a nonviolent revolution. Movement for a New Society grew to be a community, based in several areas around the United States. While Movement for a New Society was always an activist organization, it was also a co-housing and/or communal society, with collectives formed in the Boston/Northeast Region, the Mid-Atlantic Region, Tucson, Seattle, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Chicago, etc. Movement for a New Society ceased operations in 1988. Some members had formed a collective publishing business, based in Philadelphia, New Society Publishers (DG 189), which published books and pamphlets on peace, social justice, and ecological issues. New Society Publishers was in existence from 1988-1996..
 

A.J. Muste, 1945 [5" x 7" sepia photograph; from DG 040]
A.J. Muste Papers (DG 050)
24 linear feet
Born Abraham Johannes Muste in 1885, he was a Quaker, pacifist, clergyman, labor, civil rights, and peace activist. Muste served as executive secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, director of the War Resisters League, and was active with the Committee for Nonviolent Action. He was one the most respected leaders of the peace movement throughout the middle of the twentieth century. Muste died in 1967. His papers include the records of Liberation magazine and information about the San Francisco to Moscow Walk, Omaha Action, and Polaris Action.

some boxes stored off-site

Tracy Mygatt, ca. 1933 [8" x 10" sepia photograph; credit: George Maillard Kesslere]

Tracy D. Mygatt and Frances Witherspoon Papers (DG 089)
3.12 linear feet
Tracy Dickinson Mygatt (1885-1973) and Frances May Witherspoon (1886-1973) were early graduates of Bryn Mawr College. They were both prolific writers and absolute pacifists who worked together in movements for women's rights, world peace, civil liberties, and civil rights. Both women authored plays, articles, poems, sermons, and stories, individually and in collaboration. They were interested in religion and race issues. Mygatt and Witherspoon were founders of the War Resisters League and later served as honorary chairs. Frances Witherspoon was a co-founder and Executive Secretary of the New York Bureau of Legal Advice. Tracy Mygatt was very active with the Campaign for World Government from 1941 to 1973. They were also active in the Women's Peace Union, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and the Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription.

 
 

Secretary of State William J. Bryan with participants in the 8th International Congress of Students, Washington, D.C. [5.5" x 3.5" sepia photograph on postcard; credit: Frederick A. Schutz, Washington, D.C.]
Nasmyth, George and Florence Nasmyth Papers (DG 057)
17.5 linear inches
George Nasmyth was born in 1882. He dedicate his life to the cause of international understanding and peace. Nasmyth attended the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, and organized the first meeting after the outbreak of the war of the World Alliance for Friendship Through the Churches. He died in 1920. Florence Nasmyth was a writer on peace issues.
 

Vietnamese woman points at Honeywell label on Rockeye bomblet [8" x 10" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: John Sullivan, AFSC]
National Action/Research on the Military-Industrial Complex Records [NARMIC] (DG 208)
12 linear feet
NARMIC began in 1969 as a project of the American Friends Service Committee. It served as a resource for journalists, educators and students, the religious community, peace organizations, and concerned citizens from the U.S., Canada, and overseas by providing information about the role of the military-industrial complex in American society. This collection is only partially processed, and includes correspondence and program files re: the Vietnam War, chemical/biological warfare, nuclear power, the B-1 bomber, U.S. aid, and domestic counter-insurgency.
 


Button "Taxes for Peace Not War; World Peace Tax Fund" [1.5" metal; spcbuttn00616]

National Campaign for a Peace Tax Fund Records (DG 155)
6.6 linear feet
Founded in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1971 as the World Peace Tax Fund dedicated to providing taxpayers opposed to any participation in war, an alternative way to pay income, estate, and gift taxs for non-military purposes; national office moved to Washington, D.C. in 1975; name changed to National Council for a World Peace Tax Fund in 1975, to National Campaign for a World Peace Tax Fund in 1983, and to National Campaign for a Peace Tax Fund in 1984 or 1985. Collection ncludes correspondence, office files, brochures, and newsletters. No finding aid available online.
 

Detail from broadside "Anti-Conscription Clip Sheet," ca. 1946-1959 [16.25" x 21.75"; scpcDoc0579]
National Council Against Conscription Records (DG 052)
4.5 linear feet
The NCAC was stablished 1945 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The group worked to defeat various legislative measures which promoted universal military training and peacetime conscription, by lobbying Congress, public speaking, publishing detailed analyses of proposed legislation, corresponding with magazine and newspaper editors about their coverage of Universal Military Training, and producing literature on the subject.
 

Woman in window holding NCPW poster, ca. 1920s [7" x 10" sepia photograph, cropped]
National Council for Prevention of War Records [NCPW] (DG 023)
214.5 linear feet
The NCPW was created in 1921 in Washington. D.C. by representatives of 17 United States peace organizations to serve as a clearinghouse under the name of National Council for Limitation of Armaments. Frederick J. Libby served as Executive Secretary until 1954. The organization was headquartered in Washington, D.C. It changed its name in January 1922 to the National Council for the Reduction of Armaments, and then to National Council for Prevention of War in 1923. The NCPW supported neutrality legislation, an anti-war referendum, the Keep America Out of War campaign, aid for displaced persons and for justice in the War Crimes Trials, among other issues. Libby retired in 1954, although the NCPW kept its corporate status until 1971, it effectively ended as a peace organization in the 1950s.
boxes stored off-site
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National Council to Repeal the Draft Records (DG 085)
11.75 linear feet
NCRD was organized in January 1969. Its operations ceased following the official end of the draft on June 30, 1973. This ollection includes correspondence, testimony before congressional hearings, lists of contacts and sponsors, state organization files, pamphlets produced by NCRD and other groups, press releases, newsletters, and audiovisual items.
 
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National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objection (NISBCO) / National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NSBRO) [see Center on Conscience and War]
 
 

James Bevel, ca. 1967 [5" x 7" black and white photograph, cropped]

National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam Records (DG 075)
5 linear feet
The NMCEWV was organized in Cleveland, Ohio in 1966 as the November 8 Mobilization Committee. After July 1969 organized as New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam-known to movement insiders as the Mobe, and then New Mobe. The Mobe
was a conference of groups opposed to the United States involvement in Vietnam and IndoChina. The largest effort was the organization of a mass rally on April 15, 1967, both in New York, New York and in San Francisco, California, among other efforts.

 

Janet Evans [3.75" x 5.25" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Blackstone Studio]
National Peace Conference Records (DG 049)
6.25 linear feet
The National Peace Conference was formed in 1933 to unify and coordinate the efforts of various U.S. organizations interested in world justice and peace. The main function of the organization was to relate peace organizations to the public and to each other. The NPC member organizations coordinated some programs, activities and joint projects. Dr. Walter Van Kirk was director at the time of founding of the NPC. The main issues covered by the NPC included: neutrality, economics and peace, military training in schools and colleges, freedom of conscience, immigration policy, the League of Nations, and U.S. national defense policies. The organization had international contacts, especially with the National Peace Council in London, and the Rassemblement Universel pur la Paix (International Peace Council), in Geneva, Switzerland. The NPC was active until 1951.


 
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[National Peace Council (Great Britain): formerly DG 024; converted to CDG-B Great Britain in June 2005]
 


Bumpersticker "If you want peace, stop paying for war!" ca. 2000-2001; [11.5" x 3.0"; spcstmp0551]

National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee Records (DG 186)
7.35 linear feet
The NWTRCC was formed in 1982 at a National Action Conference of the War Resisters League and the Center on Law and Pacifism. The group has been headquartered successively in East Patchogue, New York, Seattle, Washington, and Monroe, Maine. It promotes war tax resistance on the national level. [not to be confused with the organization War Tax Resistance, begun in New York in 1969.]
 

Cover of book "The Making of a Radical" by Scott Nearing, 1972
Scott Nearing Papers (DG 124)
8.6 linear feet
Scott Nearing (1883-1983] taught economics at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) starting and at Swarthmore College during the first decade of the 20th century. He served as Secretary of the Pennsylvania Child Labor Committee, 1905-1907. Nearing was dismissed from his teaching position at the Wharton School (University of Pennsylvania), in 1915 because of his "radical" economic views. He later taught at the University of Toledo (Toledo, Ohio), but was fired because of his anti-war views. During World War I Nearing was arrested and indicted by the U.S. government under the Espionage Act for obstructing recruiting and enlistment into the armed forces, but he was acquitted of charges in 1919. Nearing became a member of the People's Council of America for Democracy and Peace. But he was unable to find work in the academic world, and became a lecturer, writer, and free-lance teacher. Nearing ran for Congress on the Socialist ticket against Fiorello LaGuardia, and later
joined the Communist Party 1927-1930, but resigned because he could not accept Leninist theory. In the early 1930s Nearing moved to New England, with his second wife, Helen Nearing, and both became well known for their lives as home steaders and environmentalists.
 

Mary Temple during Negotiation Now's Petition Campaign (original photo includes Arthur Schlesinger Jr.) [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Norman Mac Vicar?]
Negotiation Now! Records (DG 196)
15 linear feet
Negotiation Now! was founded as a national citizens' campaign for new initiatives to end the war in Vietnam by means of massive petitioning. It was later known as the National Committee for a Political Settlement in Vietnam. Members called upon the United States government to unconditionally end the bombing of North Vietnam.
This collection includes correspondence, annual reports, administrative files, financial records, flyers and handbills, minutes of meetings, periodicals, reference files, and photographs.


 
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New Call to Peacemaking Records (DG 143)
6 linear feet
A New Call to Peacemaking was founded in 1975. The group was a cooperative effort of Brethren, Quakers and Mennonites to reinvigorate the understanding of and commitment to nonviolence and peacemaking within those faith communities. After 1982 it shifted focus to more contact and relationship with other Christian groups open to the search for a more faithful peace witness.

 
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New England Committee for Nonviolent Action Records (DG 017)
22.08 linear feet
CNVA was one of the first American peace groups to focus on nonviolent direct action including civil disobedience. Its purpose of organizing imaginative and dramatic protest demonstrations on both land and sea attracted radical pacifists and called the attention of the American public to the atrocities of nuclear warfare. CNVA's first protest action was a vigil held outside the atomic weapons test grounds in Las Vegas, Nevada in 1957. In the second half of its existence CNVA efforts began to focus on Vietnam. The organization allied its resources with other American peace groups. As other American peace groups adopted CNVA's methods of dramatic and nonviolent demonstrations, its own numbers and support waned. In the fall of 1967, CNVA voted to merge with the War Resisters League, which became reality in January l968. The New England CNVA was based in Connecticut and there was sometimes little distinction between its work and the "national" CNVA.

 
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New Jersey SANE Records (DG 132)
15.5 linear feet
New Jersey SANE was an active state branch of the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy. It later became New Jersey SANE/Freeze. This collection also contains the papers of activist Sam Tucker.
 

1989 publication from NSP
New Society Publishers Records (DG 189)
56 linear feet
New Society Publishers was a cooperative business based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was founded by members of Movement for a New Society in the late 1980s. New Society Publishers produced books on peace, social justice, and ecological topics. The Philadelphia office closed in December 1996 and a different form of the New Society Publishers business was re-formed in British Columbia, Canada.
The new incarnation of New Society Publishers has little, to no, connection with the original business.

boxes stored off-site

Homemade sign "Newcomer Welcome," ca. 1970-1974 [8.75" x 17"; scpcDoc0507]
New Swarthmoor Community Records (DG 028)
2.5 linear feet
The New Swarthmoor Community was founded about 1969 in Clinton, New York. It was a communal society which emphasized rebirth as individual Christians and as members of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). An additional community center was established in the Winter of 1971-1972 in Sumneytown, Pennsylvania.

restrictions apply

Cover of NYFG booklet "South Africa: Is Peaceful Change Possible? A Report by Bayard Rustin, Charles Bloomstein and Walter Naegle," 1984 [altered]
New York Friends Group Records (DG 198)
10.25 linear feet
The New York Friends Group was funding agency for U.S. peace and antinuclear groups. It was organized and run by activist Doris Shamleffer. The collection contains administrative records, financial records, correspondence, files on programs and organizations sponsored by the NYFG.

 

Page from the program for the 1907 National Arbitration and Peace Congress [4" x 5" negative, cropped]
New York Peace Society Records (DG 026)
7.25 linear feet
The New York Peace Society was the first peace society in the world, beginning in 1815, and lasting in various incarnations until 1940. This collectin includes one pamphlet from the New York Peace Society (1815-1828): "The Question of War Reviewed"; and one pamphlet from the New York Peace Society (1836-ca. 1844): "Arbitrament [sic] of National Disputes". There are no items are included for the New York Peace Society (1844-18??). Some information may perhaps be found in the contemporary records of the American Peace Society (DG 003). The bulk of this collection is from the New York Peace Society (1910-1940) and its predecessor, the Peace Society of the City of New York (1906-1910).

boxes stored off-site

Cover of NGOCD booklet "Reducing the Threat of Biological Weapons," 2004
NGO Committee on Disarmament Records (DG 139)
10.4 linear feet
The NGO Committee on Disarmament was established in June 1973 by a group of international NGOs (non-governmental organizations) which had petitioned the New York Bureau of the Conference of NGOs in Consultative Status with the U.N. Economic and Social Council to form a NGO Committee on Disarmament at U.N. headquarters. This group was to parallel to the Special NGO Committee on Disarmament in Geneva, Switzerland. The purposes of the organization were: 1. to bring interested NGOs together to discuss current disarmament negotiations and potential progress; 2. to relate the programs of NGOs to current U.N. disarmament goals; 3. to monitor work in the U.N. on the economic and social consequences of disarmament; 4. to coordinate NGO liaison with various organs and units of the U.N. involved in disarmament; and 5. to cooperate closely with the Special NGO Committee on Disarmament at Geneva. This collection includes correspondence, minutes, administrative files and reference files, especially concerning the United Nations Special Session on Disarmament, 1978 and Special Session on Disarmament, 1982. No finding aid available online.

 
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NISBCO; NSBRO [see Center on Conscience and War]
 

Button "NOMOR; Committee for a Nuclear Overkill Moratorium" [2.25" metal; spcbuttn00346 ]
[NOMOR] Committee for a Nuclear Overkill Moratorium Records (DG 146)
4 linear feet
NOMOR was founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1976, with the aim "to call for a moratorium on the production of nuclear weapons as a unilateral American initiative...for a first step toward stopping and reversing the...international arms race." The founders and activists of NOMOR engaged in media campaigns, sponsored conferences, workshops, and benefits, and were involved with the "Symphony for Survival." News from NOMOR was published between 1978 and 1986. In spite of regional support, especially from the academic community, NOMOR was not able to make the transition to a nationally-recognized organization, possibly because its aims overlapped with those of other similar groups. NOMOR ceased operation in the summer of 1986.
boxes stored off-site

Image from Nonviolent Action Community of Cascadia brochure "Why Isn't Everyone Who
Is For Peace A War Tax Resister?"
Nonviolent Action Community of Cascadia Records (DG 239)
3.75 linear feet

The Nonviolent Action Community of Cascadia (NACC) began in 1979 under the name Conscience and Military Tax Campaign-U.S. CMTC worked to assert U.S. taxpayers' rights of conscience, "to support those who refuse to pay for war and preparations for war, and who wish for their taxes to be used only for peaceful, life-affirming purposes." In 1995, CMTC changed its name to the Nonviolent Action Community of Cascadia, and though war tax resistance remained its primary focus, it broadened its agenda to use "nonviolent action to create political and social change...and to build a society based upon community, economic justice, environmental awareness, personal empowerment, and feminist, queer-positive, and anti-racist principles." Its newsletter was renamed Nonviolent Action in 1995. NACC is affiliated with the War Resisters League and the National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee..

 
 

Allen Olmsted next to airplane in Prague, August 1922 [5" x 3.5" sepia photograph, cropped]
Allen S. Olmsted II Papers (DG 095)
6.25 linear feet
Allen S. Olmsted II (1888-1977), was a lawyer, judge, pacifist and advocate of civil liberties. He acted as lawyer for the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. U.S. Section. Allen Olmsted was married to Mildred Scott Olmsted, national officer and leader of WILPF. The bulk of the collection is correspondence (1898-1977).
Olmsted graduated from Harvard Law School about 1912, where he was a leader of a group in support of woman suffrage.
boxes stored off-site

Mildred Scott Olmsted, France, August 1922 (original photo includes Allen Olmsted) [3.5" x 5" sepia photograph, cropped, from DG 095]
Mildred Scott Olmsted (DG 082)
14 linear feet
Mildred Scott Olmsted (1890-1990), was born in Glenolden, Pennsylvania. She was a Quaker, peace advocate, woman suffrage worker, birth control advocate, civil rights and civil liberties supporter. Olmsted was an early graduate of the Bryn Mawr School of Social Work. In the aftermath of World War I Olmsted served as a relief worker with the YMCA in Germany. In the 1920s Olmsted joined the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and that organization for over 50 years. She became the executive Secretary of the Pennsylvania Branch of the WILPF, 1922-[1933?]and assumed national and international positions with WILPF, for the following 30 years. Olmsted remained active with WILPF and other social justice groups until the late 1980s. This collection includes personal papers, family papers, and records of work with many peace and social justice groups.
 

Victor Paschkis (original photo includes Mrs. Paschkis(?) and Paul Torda(sp?) with VP) receiving the ASME award for success in San Francisco, California, August 14, 1980 [10" x 8" black and white photograph]
Victor Paschkis Papers (DG 119)
9.1 linear feet
Victor Paschkis (1898-1991), was born in Vienna, Austria. He emigrated from Germany to the U.S. in 1938. Paschkis was a Quaker. In his professional life he was a mechanical engineer who taught at Columbia University. Paschkis was a founder and first president of Society for Social Responsibility in Science. As an activist he was the chairman of the National Friends Conference on Race Relations, the American Friends Service Committee's Race Relations Committee, and the Committee on Fair Employment. This collection includes articles and speeches by Paschkis, citation for the Max Born Memorial Medal, constitution and bylaws (1956), pamphlets, newsletters, and other materials relating to Society for Social Responsibility in Science, periodicals and occasional papers from other organizations including Club of Rome; reprints from American Society of Mechanical Engineers; and a small quantity of correspondence (1971-1976) in German and English. Topics include zero growth economy, technology and society, nuclear disarmament, and Christian pacifism.
 

Randall Forsberg [3.5"x 5"black and white photograph, cropped]
Peace Action Records (DG 151)
39+ linear feet
Peace Action was formed as a result of a merger between SANE, Inc.and the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign in November 1987. After the merger the group was called SANE/FREEZE until 1993, when name was changed to Peace Action. The goals of the new organization are: to promote and clarify peace issues; elect pro-peace government officials; promote nuclear arms control; and lobby for a peace economy.
some boxes stored off-site
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Peace Action Center Records (DG 093)
7.9 linear feet
The Peace Action Center was begun in 1961 as a continuation of the vigil at Fort Detrick, Maryland which protested production and testing of biological and chemical weapons. The PAC iincluded cooperative living quarters for the staff of religious pacifists, mostly Quakers. The director of the PAC was Lawrence Scott, and it disbanded in the fall of 1963.
boxes stored off-site

Unidentified man holding Walk For Peace balloon, 1986 [8" x 10" black and white photo, cropped; credit: Ellen Shub, Somerville, Massachusetts]
Peace Action, Inc. Records (DG 219)
15 linear feet
Peace Action, Inc. was founded about 1979 as the Disarmament Action Network (DAN) in Massachuseets. The group changed its name to Peace Action, Inc. about 1985. It was begun informally by members of the American Friends Service Committee's Cambridge, Massachusetts office and was affiliated with the Walk for Peace, the Human Race/Runners Around the World, and Give Peace a Dance. Most of its actions concerned the anti-nuclear movement of the period. It was not connected to the national organization, Peace Action.

 

Logo of the Peace and Justice
Studies Association
Peace and Justice Studies Association Records (DG 231)
.75 linear feet
The PJSA is a non-profit organization formed in 2001 as a result of a merger of the Consortium on Peace Research, Education and Development (COPRED) and the Peace Studies Association (PSA). The PJSA is dedicated to bringing together academics, K-12 teachers, and grassroots activists to explore alternatives to violence and share visions and strategies for peacebuilding, social justice, and social change. The group also serves as a professional association for scholars in the field of peace and conflict resolution studies, and is the North American affiliate of the International Peace Research Association.
PJSA co-edits (with the Peace History Society), the journal Peace and Change
 
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Peace Association of Friends in America Records (DG 027)
1.5 linear feet
The PAFA was organized in 1867 in reaction to the Civil War by Orthodox Friends in the New York, Baltimore, North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, Western and Iowa Yearly Meetings. The organizaiton incorporated in 1894 in Indiana for the purpose of promoting peace; grew to include all thirteen yearly meetings of the Five Years Meeting; headquartered in Richmond. Indiana. It was governed by a seven-man Board of Directors elected by representatives of each of the thirteen yearly meetings. Among the leaders of the Peace Association were Daniel Hill, president or secretary from 1867 until hs death in 1899, and his successor Allen D. Hole, president until 1927. The PAFA was affiliated with the American Peace Society in 1914. The Peace Association attempted to teach Friends and others that war is unchristian, inhumane, and unnecessary through the publication and dissemination of peace literature, the organization of public meetings and lectures, and the awarding of prizes for essay on peace topics. The organization changed its name to the Peace Board of the Five Years Meeting in 1940, apparently continuing to function thereafter as a committee of the Five Years Meeting.
 

Frances Early, Wendy Chmielewski and Blanche Cook at Berkshire Conference for Women Historians, June 1999 [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped]
Peace History Society Records (DG 094)
11 linear feet
The PHS was formed as an ad hoc committee in December 1963 "to encourage, support, and coordinate peace research among historians and social scientists." Between 1986 and 1994 it was called the Council on Peace Research in History and changed its name to the Peace History Society in 1994. The organization sponsors conferences, co-edits (with Peace and Justice Studies Association), the journal Peace and Change as well as a newsletter, and conducts many peace research programs with other organizations; affiliated with American History Association,and has acquired Non-Governmental Organization status at the United Nations. This ollection contains meeting minutes, mailings, annual brochures, general correspondence, papers presented at its conferences, documents about PHS projects and its monthly journal Peace and Change, and audiotapes.
No finding aid available online.
tripod record

 
 

Peace Pilgrim showing back of her tunic worn while walking for peace [7" x 9" black and white photograph]
Peace Pilgrim Papers (DG 104)
3.75 linear feet
Born 1908 as Mildred Norman Ryder; as "Peace Pilgrim" traversed the U.S. on foot for the cause of peace from 1953 until her death to promote inner peace and, consequently, world peace; died 1981 in an automobile accident.
 
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Peace Studies Association Records (DG 230)
.25 linear feet
Non-profit organization formed in 1987 to cooperate with organizations and individuals concerned with peace studies and the development of a more peaceful world; an independent federation of college programs, university programs, and individuals for the study of peace, conflict, justice, and global security; formed in order to serve pedagogical, intellectual and institutional needs; merged with Consortium on Peace Research, Education and Development (COPRED) in 2002 to form the Peace and Justice Studies Association. .
 

Lloyd C. Minter (President, Youth Committee for Total Disarmament) picketing at the Democratic Convention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1936 [3" x 5" sepia photograph]
Pennsylvania Committee for Total Disarmament Records (DG 030)
8.75 linear feet
The Pennsylvania Committee for Total Disarmament was organized for the purpose of promoting legislation for universal disarmament. The group was active from 1930 to 1936, chiefly in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. William I. Hull, a professor at Swarthmore College served as chairman. Sophia H. Dulles was executive secretary, Mary Winsor, Eliza M. Cope, William Eves III and Edward N. Wright were among the most active members, many of whom were Quakers.

some boxes stored off-site


Small fabric flag [3" x 1.5" stamped silk?; spcbuttn01401]

Pennsylvania Peace Society Records (DG 031)
10 linear feet
The earliest group known as the Pennsylvania Peace Society formed in the 1820s. Various groups with this name appeared through the years before the Civil War. In 1866 as a state branch of the Universal Peace Union (UPU); Alfred Love was founder of the UPU and President of the PPS; several women served as Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the PPS, including Lucretia Mott, who was the Society's third President (ca. 1870-1880); activities included holding peace fairs, neighborhood "parlor" meetings, musical programs featuring the Peace Band, Mother's Peace Days, lectures on peace and internationalism, and war relief work, which included knitting woolen garments as well as raising funds for food relief; championed the cause of temperance, worked for the elimination of boxing bouts, the regulation of firearms, and the abolition of capital punishment, and attempted to uplift public morality through education in public schools; gave tacit approval to woman suffrage; disbanded in 1928.
Collection contains r ecords of the fourth Pennsylvania Peace Society (1866-1928) primarily for the period 1893-1928, including minute books, pamphlets and other publications, scattered correspondence, clippings, peace songs, small flags and other memorabilia, and information about Arabella Carter and Alfred H. Love, leaders of the society.
boxes stored off-site


Print of drawing of children lifting hands to flying dove [17" x 27.5"; credit: Rosenhouse (artist)]

People's Coalition for Peace and Justice Records (DG 084)
5 linear feet
The People's Coalition for Peace and Justice was an association of various peace, anti-poverty, and labor groups which worked together to confront the related issues of war in Southeast Asia and racism, sexism, poverty, and repression in the U.S.. It was founded 1970 as National Coalition Against War, Racism, and Repression. This collection includes scattered meeting minutes and correspondence, mimeographed letters to key contacts, reports, releases, statements, brochures, newsclippings, posters, and peace buttons.

 

Eleanor Roosevelt signing the peace stamp, White House, Washington, D.C., January 1939 (original photo includes Lady Layton and Elisa Cortes) [10" x 8" sepia photograph, cropped; credit: Harris and Ewing, Washington, D.C.]
Peoples Mandate Committee Records (DG 109)
17.5 linear feet
The People's Mandate to Governments to End War was an international campaign begun on September. 6, 1935 by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, to express such overwhelming opposition to war that governments would not dare resort to it as a means of solving disputes between nations. The project was directed by Mabel Vernon, a graduate of Swarthmore College and one of the founders of the National Woman's Party. In 1936 the U.S. Section of the Peoples Mandate separated from WILPF and became a distinct organization eventually under the name the Peoples Mandate Committee. In this later format the organization established contacts with feminists, pacifists, and other women throughout Latin America. The executive board included many well-known reformers and pacifists, such as Carrie Chapman Catt (honorary chairman), Mary E. Woolley (chairman), Grace Abbott, Dorothy Canfield Fisher and Lillian Wald. Mabel Vernon directed the organization until her retirement in the late 1950s.
 

Signs used in demonstration, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 15, 1986 [5" x 3" color photograph, cropped]
Philadelphia Area Alliance for Central America Records [PAACA] (DG 181)
10.2 linear feet
The Philadelphia Area Alliance for Central America was formed in 1991 by the merger of two Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-area activist organizations: Central America Organizing Project (CAOP) and the Philadelphia chapter of Pledge of Resistance. The group was involved with issues concerning U.S. intervention in Central America. This collection includes correspondence, administrative files, financial records, memorabilia, minutes of meetings, newspaper clippings, periodicals, reference files, photographs, posters, and audiovisual items.
 

Demonstration against U.S. involvement in El Salvador, Washington, D.C., ca. 1980s [5" x 3.5" color photograph, cropped]
Philadelphia CISPES Records (DG 183)
10 linear feet
This Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-based organization was loosely affiliated with national and other local Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador (CISPES), groups. It was concerned with issues of human rights and U.S. intervention in Central America in general and El Salvador in particular. Collection includes correspondence, administrative files, financial records, memorabilia, minutes of meetings, newspaper clippings, periodicals, reference files, photographs, posters, audiovisual items, banners, and lapel buttons.
 
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[Philadelphia Peace Council: formerly DG 037, now a CDG-A]
 

from the Robert Levering Papers
Philadelphia War Tax Resistance Records (DG 182)
8.5 linear feet
The Philadelphia War Resistance was an outgrowth of A Quaker Action Group and the War Resisters League. As part of the national war tax resistance movement it became known as Philadelphia War Tax Resistance/War Resisters League in 1975 and was one of 190 centers for the national organization.

 
 

Oversize puppet head at Not In Our Name march, New York, New York, November 1984 [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped; credit: Elizabeth Bolman]
Philadelphia Women's Peace Encampment Records (DG 157)
2 linear feet
The Philadelphia Women's Peace Encampment began in 1983, and was formed to support the work of the Women's Peace Encampment at the Seneca Army Depot near Romulus, NewYork. It was a radical feminist, direct-action collective with a focus on issues including nuclear disarmament, anti-militarism, racism, and right-wing repression. The group disbanded in 1988.

 
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Phoenix Defense Fund Records (DG 072)
2 linear feet
The Phoenix Defense Fund was established through the efforts of Norman Cousins and other supporters of Barbara and Earle Reynolds. The Reynolds had sailed the yacht Phoenix into a nuclear test site, Eniwetok Proving Grounds. They were arrested, tried, and acquitted for their actions (1958-1960). This organization was also known as Reynolds Defense Fund. This collection is chiefly correspondence (1957-1961) of Earle and Barbara Reynolds and their sympathizers; together with personal statements by Earle Reynolds and newsclippings of the voyages of the Golden Rule and the Phoenix. Correspondents include Albert Bigelow, Syd Cassyd, Peter Charlton, Babette Deutsch, William R. Huntington, Charles T. Jackson, Gabriel W. Lasker, John Lofton, James Peck, Orion W. Sherwood, George Willoughby, and George Kiyoshi Yamada.

 

Greater Boston PSR demonstration in front of State House, Boston. Massachusetts, January 27, 1987 [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Ellen Shub, Somerville, Massachusetts]
Physicians for Social Responsibility Records [PSR] (DG 175)
239+ linear feet
Founded in 1961 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, by a group of physicians; both an organization and an association of doctors concerned with the challenge of the nuclear age; aims are to "provide for the medical community the scientific data on which political decisions must in part be based; to alert physicians to the dangerous implication of the arms race; to involve physicians in serious exploration of peaceful alternatives..."

some boxes stored off-site

Cover of book with the proceedings of a colloquium co-sponsored by Planetary Citizens at the U.N., 1978
Planetary Citizens Records (DG 092)
11.5 linear feet
Founded in 1971; an association of individuals who promoted the concept of mutual brotherhood and interdependence of all people, regardless of national origin; initially a project of the World Association of World Federalists and World Federalists, USA; later incorporated as a distinct organization. Collection includes correspondence (1971-1985), scattered meeting minutes, memoranda, statements, brochures, lists of initial endorsers of the Human Manifesto and Pledge of Planetary Citizenship, financial records, and newsclippings; together with correspondence with and information about several other groups including International Registry of World Citizens, World Citizens Assembly (1975), World Citizens League, and World Service Authority.
No finding aid available online.
 

Button "I Support Vietnam Veterans Against the War" [1.5" metal; spcbuttn00211]
Murray Polner Papers (DG 113)
4.75 linear feet
An author and editor of books and periodicals on social history, public policy, and Jewish concerns; educator at various colleges and universities.Collection chiefly relates to Polner's research on Vietnam veterans for his book No Victory Parades and on the question of amnesty for When Can I Come Home?, including correspondence (1963-1972), mss. of both books, transcripts of taped interviews, questionnaires, research notes, articles by Polner and others, copies of legal briefs, and newsclippings; audiotapes of oral histories of American Jews who were conscientious objectors or who resisted serving in the military during World War II or the Korean War; and research notes and correspondence about the evacuation of Japanese Americans from the West Coast during World War II and information about the Vietnam war, conscientious objection, and constitutional rights of GIs.
No finding aid available online.
tripod record

 

Jo Pomerance at podium (original photo includes three other women) [10" x 8" sepia photographe, cropped and altered; credit: North Jersey Press and Commercial Photo, Inc., Newark, New Jersey]
Josephine W. Pomerance Papers (DG 129)
8.5 linear feet
Born 1910; peace worker best known in the areas of disarmament and United Nations reform; received M.A. in political science from the New School for Social Research; member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; co-founder of its Committee for World Development and World Disarmament; worked for the United Nations Association of the United States of America (UNA/USA) in the 1960s and 1970s; observer at the United Nations; wrote, lectured, and consulted on disarmament and arms control subjects; died 1980.
 
boxes stored off-site

Cover of PWWC pamphlet "Democracy and Japanese Americans" by Norman Thomas, 1942
Post-War World Council Records (DG 062)
3.75 linear feet
Founded in 1942 to continue the efforts begun by Keep America Out of War Congress; December 1941 KAOWC dissolved and reorganized as Provisional Committee Toward a Democratic Peace; February 1942 a more permanent group organized; The PWWC was created by Norman Thomas and his associates to work toward a democratic, non-imperialist peace settlement. Collection also includes material from the Youth Committee for Democracy. The PWWC ceased activities December 1967.
 
boxes stored off-site

Charles Price speaking at hearings in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 23, 1992 [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped]
Charles Price Papers (DG 204)
22.5 linear feet
Born 1913; professor of chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania); Quaker; peace, environmental action and world federalism advocate, and president of World Federalists; died 2001. Collection includes papers documenting Charles C. Price's work for peace, world federalism, and environmental protection.
No finding aid available online.
tripod record


 
[no image]
Prisoner Visitation and Support Records (DG 223)
24 linear feet
Founded as the Prisoner Visitation Service in April 1968, to carry forward the Quaker tradition of caring for prisoners and to serve the increasing numbers of draft resistors and GIs who were resisting the Vietnam War and were being sent to brigs and stockades for their acts of conscience; major founder was the Reverend Robert Horton (1900-1991), a retired Methodist minister with years of prison visitation experience; other participants included the Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors, the American Friends Service Committee, the National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors, and the War Resisters League. Later at least thirteen additional groups, including eight major denominational organizations, joined in sponsoring PVS's activities; name of the organization was changed to Prisoner Visitation and Support in 1971. Collection includes six boxes of organizational correspondence, biographical information, meeting minutes, and reports; manuscript biographies of conscientious objectors and other war resisters for a projected book by Robert Horton; correspondence between the Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors and the Federal Bureau of Prisons; two boxes of financial and fundraising material; four boxes of correspondence and notes of prison visitors; 30 boxes of prisoner correspondence; also includes reference material about prisons, chaplaincy to prisons, amnesty for draft resisters, military prisoners, and the prisoner work strike at Federal Correctional Institution at Danbury, Connecticut, in 1972.

some boxes stored off-site

Actors Paul Newman and Sally Field with Pro-Peace organizer David Mixner [10" x 8" black and white photograph]
Pro-Peace Records (DG 152)
5.7 linear feet
PRO-Peace stands for People Reaching Out for Peace; a non-profit, non-partisan organization begun in April 1985 by David B. Mixner and headquartered in Los Angeles CA); called attention to global nuclear disarmament; tried to plan a march across the United States but failed to raise the necessary funds and the march collapsed two weeks after it had begun in March 1986; reorganized under new leadership at the Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament, which completed the walk in November 1986.

some boxes stored off-site

Training session in Michigan, September 1990 [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped]
Professionals Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control Records [PCNAC] (DG 164)
3.75 linear feet
Organized in 1984 as a coalition of organizations: Lawyers Alliance for Nuclear Arms Control, Physicians for Social Responsibility, and the Union of Concerned Scientists; joined in 1985 by Architects, Designers, Planners for Social Responsibility, in 1987 by Psychologists for Social Responsibiity, High Technology Professionals for Peace, and Citiens Against Nuclear War, and in 1991 by Business Executives for Nuclear Age Concerns; formed as a lobbying and educational group to promote effective arms control legislation; Freeze Voter Education Fund and Training Institute merged with PCNAC in February 1989; the PCNAC Education Fund sponsored a series of training workshops and conferences around the U.S.; ceased operations in 1992.


boxes stored off-site

Howard Frazier and Soviet military officer with medals, on Volga Peace Cruise , 1983 [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Jim Motavelli]
Promoting Enduring Peace Records (DG 141)
59.8 linear feet
Promoting Enduring Peace was founded in 1952, with headquarters in Woodmont, Connecticut. Principles of the organization included: peace with freedom and justice for all, support for the United Nations, and belief in religion as the fundamental force for righteousness. Today PEP's mission is to conduct peace education promoting the advent of a harmonious planetary commonwealth through the convergence of the worldwide movements for disarmament, social justice, and environmental stewardship as the foundation of sustainable peace; through education and citizen diplomacy. The PEP established the Gandhi Peace Award.
some boxes stored off-site
 
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Quaker Action Group [see A Quaker Action Group]
 
  Carol Rainey Papers (DG 249)
2 linear feet
This collection is comprised of the writings (including both personal diaries and talks given publicly) and correspondence of Carol Rainey, a feminist, peace activist and writer. It also includes books and pamphlets edited by or dedicated to Rainey, as well as photographs of Rainey, Marion and Ernest Bromely, Juanita and Wallace Nelson, and others. Correspondents include Denise Levertov and Frank D. Moore
.
 

Tracy Mygatt, Frances Witherspoon and Mercedes Mortiz [Randall] at Young Democracy Conference, 1918 [3.5" x 2.5" sepia photograph]
Mercedes M. Randall Papers (DG 110)
4 linear feet
Born Mercedes Irene Moritz in Guatemala City (Central America) in 1895; author and peace leader; earned Master's degree in history from Columbia University; married John Herman Randall in 1922; member of Young Democracy; early and lifelong member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, in which she held many positions, including chairmanship of the National Education Committee and presidency of the Manhattan Branch; author of many WILPF documents; close friend, biographer, and literary executor of Emily Greene Balch; died 1977. Collection includes notes and drafts for Randall's biography of Emily Greene Balch, other writings, biographical material, correspondence (1914-1976), a scrapbook of newsclippings etc. kept during World War I scrapbook, personal statements on pacifism by noted individuals, and material relating to rescue of Jewish refugees, and the Holocaust.

 

Cover of collection of newspaper"Stobsiade" by/for German prisoners of war, ca. WWI
Hugh Richardson Papers (DG 032)
1 linear feet
Born at Newcastle on Tyne, England in 1864; earned an M.A. (from Canterbury?); science instructor, lecturer, editor and author; as a member of the Society of Friends, was vitally interested in the cause of peace and internationalism; during World War I, visited prisoner-of-war camps in Scotland on behalf of the Emergency Committee of the Society of Friends and sent the prisoners seeds, linoleum, a sheet of rubber for printing, a stereoscope, a kaleidescope, writing tablets, and books. Richardson lobbied for the non-payment of taxes until the end of the war, proposed disarmament by general agreement, was against scientific research that promoted military science, tried to work out a mathematical formula for weighting votes in a universal government, thought there was a relation between the weather and political events, and was interested in how ornithology was related to military invasions; died in 1936.Collection consists of letters written to Richardson by peace leaders -- such as Horace Alexander of the Peace Committee of the Society of Friends and Carl Heath of the National Peace Council -- and others, as well as letters regarding Richardson's visits to prisoners-of-war (mostly from internees in the camps, thanking Richardson for his letters, visits and gifts). It also contains Richardson's manuscript articles and play, his travel journals, periodicals in German from prisoner-of-war camps in Scotland and the Isle of Man, and miscellaneous material.

 

Dorothy Robinson, ca. 1924 [3.75" x 5.75" sepia photograph; from DG 043: Individuals]
Dorothy Medders Robinson Papers (DG 127)
0.5 linear feet
President of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Section, from 1941 to 1946; delegate to the WILPF International Congress in Luxembourg in 1946; chaired Jane Addams Peace Association and the Jane Addams Hall of Fame Committee (sponsored by WILPF) which resulted in Addams' induction in 1968 into the Hall of Fame for Great Americans at New York University; in private life, Mrs. Orris Grovernor Robinson; died in 1982.

 
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Rockland County Peace Association Records (DG 121)
1.75 linear feet
Small, local peace group begun in 1930 to stimulate popular education and public opinion with a view to the prevention of war; officers included Kathleen Whitaker Sayre, McCarrell H. Leiper, and Walter B. MacKellar; admitted to the National Peace Conference in 1937; carried on relief work during World War II through the American Friends Service Committee; dissolved in 1950.

 

Igal Roodenko, February 1977 [7" x 9" black and white photograph]
Igal Roodenko Papers (DG 161)
3.3 linear feet
Pacifist, peace,civil rights, and gay rights activist, advocate of nonviolence, printer; born 1917 in New York, New York; graduated from Cornell University; served 20 months in a federal prison for draft refusal during and after World War II; member of War Resisters League Executive Committee from 1947 to 1977; WRL Chair from 1968 to 1972; served on boards of A.J. Muste Memorial Institute and Consortium on Peace Research and Development (COPRED); active in Men of All Colors Together; died 1991. Most of the collection deals with Roodenko's experiences as a conscientious objector from 1943 to 1946, and his tours (for the WRL) from 1970 to 1991.

 
 

Harry Belfonte, Coretta Scott King and Stuart Hughe, with posthumous award for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. at Roosevelt Award Dinners, December 1969 [8" x 10" black and white photograph]
SANE, Inc. Records (DG 058)
199 linear feet
Established in 1957 as National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy; to focus American opinion on the facts and dangers of the nuclear age; By the mid 1960s, the focus of the organization had shifted to protest against the Vietnam war and SANE became a leader of the anti-war movement. By the late 1970s and the end of the war, SANE returned to its original focus, promoting nuclear disarmament. name changed to SANE, Inc./A Citizens' Organization for a Sane World in 1969; 1987 merged with Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign to become SANE/FREEZE; and later became Peace Action.
 

Bayonet practice, WWI [photo missing February 2010]
John Nevin Sayre Papers (DG 117)
37 linear feet
Born 1884; Episcopalian minister, pacifist and internationalist; staff member of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, U.S. Section, 1924-1967, served as chair, 1935-1940; worked with the International Fellowship of Reconciliation and served as chair, 1935-1955; served as editor of The World Tomorrow (1922-1924) and Fellowship magazine 1940-1945); a founder of the American Civil Liberties Union and the Committee on Militarism in Education; died 1977.

 
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SCI International Voluntary Service (U.S.) Records (DG 148)
10.1 linear feet
Established around 1956 by Robert Stowell and others as an American affiliate of Service Civil International (founded in Europe in 1920 by Pierre Ceresole) with goals of voluntary service, self-discipline, and international friendship; operated approximately 87 workcamps between 1954 and 1974; arranged short-term workcamp assignments overseas and a small number of long-term and conscientious objector placements; suspended operation in the mid-1970s, but was revived in the mid-1980s by a group of former SCI volunteers located in Croze, Virginia.No finding aid available online.

 
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SOA Watch Records [School of the Americas Watch] (DG 207)

The SOA Watch was founded in 1990 by Catholic peace activist, Father Roy Bourgeois. The organization tracks and monitors the work of the School of the Americas (SOA), renamed the "Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation," (WHISC), in 2001. The WHISC is a combat training school for Latin American military personnel, located at Fort Benning, Georgia. The SOA Watch is a direct action protest organization.


 
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Lawrence Scott Papers (DG 090)
7.5 linear feet
Lawrence Scott (1908-1986), was a construction engineer, Baptist clergyman, and Quaker activist. He worked against testing of nuclear weapons and chemical and biological weapons research. Scott supervised the Friends Mississippi Project in the early 1960s, and was project director of the Appeal and Vigil at Fort Detrick in Maryland. Later Scott was the executive secretary of the Peace Action Center and a founder of A Quaker Action Group. Collection is chiefly material from the Vigil at Fort Detrick protesting the U.S. Army biological weapons research and testing center, including correspondence, memos, statements by members of the vigil, financial records, newsletters, bound notebooks, press releases, newsclippings, and photos; together with materials relating to Scott's work as supervisor of the Friends Mississippi Project to rebuild fire-bombed churches of African American congregations in Mississippi; the collection includes reports by Scott, scattered correspondence, financial records, news items, and fused glass and bell fragments; and papers relating to his activities against nuclear weapons and chemical and biological warfare with Non-Violent Action Against Nuclear Weapons (later Committee for Nonviolent Action), Nevada Project, Washington Prayer Vigil, Pacific Project which sponsored the voyage of the Golden Rule to Eniwetok Proving Grounds, European Project which focused on nuclear testing by British and Soviet governments, and Peace Action Center.

 
  Search for Equality and Justince in Palestine (DG 257)  


Logo for September 11th Families
for Peaceful Tomorrows

September 11th Families for Peaceful Tomorrows (DG 244)
5 linear feet
September 11th Families for Peaceful Tomorrows; also known as "Families for Peaceful Tomorrows," "9/11 Families for Peaceful Tomorrows" and "Peaceful Tomorrows." The vision for September 11th Families for Peaceful Tomorrows was born when a small group of family members of those killed on September 11, 2001 in New York, New York, Washington, DC, and Pennsylvania became connected after reading each others' pleas for nonviolent and reasoned responses to the terrorist attacks. Several of these individuals met one another when they participated in the "Walk for Healing and Peace" from Washington, D.C. to New York City in late 2001. The group was launched as a project of the Fellowship of Reconciliation - USA in February 2002. The goals of the group include promoting dialogue on alternatives to war and calling attention to threats to civil liberties, human rights, and other freedoms in the U.S. as a consequence of war.
 


Man and woman being handcuffed [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped]

SHAD Alliance Records (DG 142)
1 linear feet
Organized in 1978, the SHAD Alliance (Sound-Hudson Against Atomic Development) was a coalition of more than 20 groups in southern New York State concerned about nuclear proliferation and the possibility of nuclear accidents; Nonviolence and safe energy alternatives promoted; activity seemed to peak around 1979-1980, then decreased sharply; SHAD's Education Task Force committee attempted to carry on work, changing its name to Last Chance in 1981; SHAD's central office closed in 1982.
 
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Alice Slater Papers (DG 225)
15.5 linear feet
An internationally known nuclear policy expert; involved in nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, and elimination of weapons issues; founder or officer of several major organizations, including Global Resource Action Center for the Environment, Economists Allied for Arms Reduction, Abolition 2000, Lawyers Committee for Nuclear Policy, and Stand for Truth About Radiation.

boxes stored off-site

Ed Snyder [image from FCNL website]
Edward Snyder Papers (DG 241)
___ linear feet
Edward Furnas Snyder is a Quaker lobbyist for peace, civil rights, and economic justice. He joined staff of Friends Committee on National Legislation in 1955 and retired in 1990 as Executive Secretary of the FCNL Snyder argued against legislation for a U.S. military draft and excessive military spending; worked for cultural and scientific exchanges between Soviet and U.S. citizens to lessen tensions of the Cold War. Edward and Dorothy Snyder have long been tax resisters arguing that the government was using taxpayers' money illegally to fund war in Vietnam, El Salvador, and Nicaragua.
 

Newspaper advertisement regarding possibility of peace agreements; printed in The Daily Enterprise, Burlington, New Jersey, October 11, 1927 [16.5 " x 22.5"; ScpcNewsAd0157]
Society of Friends: U.S. Peace Material [collected] Records (DG 033)
12.5 linear feet
The material in this collection was gathered from various sources and reflects an eclectic mix of writings by and about Quakers in the 19th and 20th centuries. Quaker peace material was often removed from the Friends Historical Library at Swarthmore College and given to the Peace Collection; however, this is no longer necessarily true, and scholars should consult FHL for other and/or more recent material.

boxes stored off-site

Edith with her mother (Emma Sprague Reeves) and brother (Harrison Sprague Reeves), Sioux Falls, South Dakota, ca. 1892 [3" x 3" sepia cabinet card]
Edith Reeves Solenberger (DG 176)
4 linear feet
Born 1886; Quaker peace activist who participated in a broad range of organizations; member of the Lansdowne [Pennsylvania] Monthly Meeting; a founder of the Lansdowne-Upper Darby [Pennsylvania] branch of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; career included social work, writing, and public speaking; interested in disability issues and had a notable impact on the treatment of children with physical disabilities in the Philadelphia. Pennsylvania area; The collection also includes materials on Native Americans and the Doukhobors; Solenberger died in 1976.

boxes stored off-site

William Sollmann [1.75" x 3" sepia photograph]
Wilhelm Sollmann Papers (DG 045)
7 linear feet
Friedrich Wilhelm Sollmann born 1881; German labor leader, journalist; member of the German delegation to the Versailles Peace Treaty conference; in 1920 was elected to the first of eight terms in the German Reichstag where he was a prominent member of the committee on foreign affairs; a lecturer and advisor on Germany and international affairs, 1937-1951; exiled in 1933; sought refuge in the United States and eventually became an American citizen, adopting William F. Sollmann as his preferred form of address; died 1951. Collection includes many letters with fellow exiles who wrote of political, financial, and marital difficulties resulting from the Nazi regime; also includes family correspondence.


boxes stored off-site

Anna Garlin Spencer [3.75" x 6" sepia
photograph, on card, cropped]
Anna Garlin Spencer (DG 034)
3.75 linear feet
Anna Carpenter Garlin Spencer born 1851; minister, feminist, educator, pacifist, and writer on ethics and social problems; was religious leader in the Bell Street Chapel in Providence, Rhode Island, beginning in 1889; first woman in Rhode Island to be ordained; served as the president of the Rhode Island Equal Suffrage Association; early participant in the National Council of Women, and president of that organization in 1920; member of the executive committee of the National Peace and Arbitration Congress in 1907; founding member of the Woman's Peace Party in 1915, serving as vice chair; first chair of the national board of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. in 1919; died 1931.

boxes stored off-site

Demonstrator at Walk for Peace, in front of Frankford Meeting House, March 1958 (original photo includes other people with signs) [5" x 4" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Philip F. Mayer]

Lee Stern Papers (DG 170)
3 linear feet
This collection contains prison poems and essays, 1942-1946, Ahimsa Farm correspondence, information about Lee Stern's 1965 fast to protest the bombing of North Vietnam, information about Stern's activities with A Quaker Action Group's bringing of medical supplies to Vietnam; includes a small amount of material about the Children's Creative Response to Conflict and Alternatives to Violence; scattered items regarding civil rights, the Peace and Social Action Program, the Quaker Project on Community Conflict, the Friends Coordinating Committee on Peace, and New York Yearly Meeting's Vigil at the White House in 1971. Correspondents include: Roger Axford
No finding aid available online.

 

Helene Stocker [photo missing February 2010]
Helene Stöcker Papers (DG 035)
4.1 linear feet
Born 1869; She was one of the first woman students to enter a German University; helped found Germany's first woman suffrage organization, and later the Bund für Mutterschutz (Protection of Motherhood); active in the German and international peace movement from the World War I period onward; belonged to the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, the Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft (German Peace Society), and the International Peace Bureau; connected her work in pacifism with the work in sexual reform; driven out of Germany by the Nazis in 1933 and lived for periods in Switzerland, England, and Sweden; emigrated to the United States in 1941; died 1943..

 

Russell Paul Tremaine "holding his little Bible, which he has clung to all through his trouble," May 19, 1925 [2.5" x 4.5" sepia photograph]
Sidney Dix Strong Papers (DG 036)
15 linear inches
Born 1860; Congregational minister, pacifist, war resistance leader, author, editor, and political activist. Includes correspondence (1895-1938), writings, sermons; information relating to the Russell Tremain case, 1927, regarding the salute to the national flag, and the Geneva Disarmament Conference, 1932; died 1938.


boxes stored off-site

Song from "Songs for Peace" compiled and edited by the SPU, 1966
Student Peace Union Records (DG 065)
5.75 linear feet
Founded at University of Chicago (Chicago, Illinois), in 1959 as an intercollegiate student group which believed that neither war nor the threat of war could any longer be successfully used to settle international disputes; merged with the College Peace Union in 1960; membership peaked in 1962 at 3500; Philip G. Altbach was national chairman; headquartered in Chicago until 1964 when SPU office was closed down and re-opened in New York; February 1967 merged with Campus Americans for Democratic Action to become Independent Student Union. Collection includes constitution, scattered meeting minutes and correspondence, national office statements, press releases, working papers, college addresses, financial records, newsletters, pamphlets, and photos, relating to SPU's work against war and militarism.
No finding aid available online.
tripod record

 


Ellen Starr Brinton, working on records donated to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection [detail of newsclipping from The Evening Bulletin, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, November 11, 1939; SCPC Office Files for DG 000]

Swarthmore College Peace Collection: Office File Records (DG 000)
___ linear feet
Begun with a deposit of papers from Nobel Peace Prize winner, Jane Addams and records from the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; Ellen Starr Brinton hired as first curator, 1935; since then has grown to over 20,000 feet of material on non-governmental efforts towards peace from around the world.
 

Cover of book "Confronting Systems of Violence: Memoirs of a Peace Activist" by JMS, 1998 [altered]
John M. Swomley Papers (DG 226)
13 linear inches
Born 1915 ; minister in the Methodist Church; served as Director of the National Council Against Conscription, editor of Conscription News, and as National Secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation; active with the American Friends Service Committee and the American Civil Liberties Union; campaigned against universal military training; author of books on militarism and the Cold War. Much of this collection references Swomley's efforts over many years to stop mandatory universal military training (UMT), especially in the United States.
 
 
  Topsfield Foundatin (DG 256)
Topsfield Foundation staff created several publications of interest to the peace movement, beginning in the 1980s. They published the state by state Grassroots Peace Directories, Access, and Options.
 
|
Steve Trimm upon return from Canada, March 1975 [5" x 8" black and white photo, cropped]
 
Steve Trimm Papers (DG 232)
3.54 linear feet
Born 1948; in 1968 was convicted for refusing induction into the armed services and sentenced to four years in prison; fled to Canada in 1969 where he lived "underground" until 1974; in 1976 received clemency from the U.S. government under the Earned Re-entry Program and was pardoned; author of Walking Wounded: Men's Lives During and Since the Vietnam War (1993) and other publications; since the 1970s has been active with various peace and anti-war organizations, including Witness for Peace.

 

Andre and Magda Trocme, 1940 (original photo includes their children) [5" x 7" black and white print, cropped]
André and Magda Trocmé Papers (DG 107)
7.7 linear feet
André and Magda Trocmé are best known for their work in the small French town of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon. In 1938, André Trocmé, and his pacifist colleague Édouard Theis, founded L'Ecole Nouvelle Cévenol in Le Chambon, a Protestant, co-educational secondary school, with a curriculum of tolerance, honesty, and nonviolence. During World War II, André and Magda Trocmé inspired the inhabitants of Le Chambon to help in the escape of Jews and other poltiical refugees from the Vichy regime and German occupying forces.. In 1943, André Trocmé, Édouard Theis, and the head of the public school, Roger Darcissac were interned in a camp by the Vichy police. After their release, all three went into hiding. From the late 1940s onwards André and Magda Trocmé traveled as European Secretaries for the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR).

restrictions apply
 

Betty Bumpers receiving Wilton Peace Prize, 1986 [black and white image from contact sheet; credit: Bruce Fiene, Boston, Massachusetts]
Unitarian Universalist Peace Network Records (DG 159)
3.8 linear feet
Established in 1984 to strengthen peace work among Unitarian Universalists and interfaith communities; especially concerned with the international arms race and nuclear proliferation; directors: Stephen M. Shick, Carol Powers, Stephanie Nichols; headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; sponsored by the Unitarian Universalist Association, Unitarian Universalist Peace Fellowship, Unitarian Universalist Service Committee, Unitarian Universalist United Nations Office, Unitarian Universalist Women's Federation, and the International Association for Religious Freedom; published two periodicals, Peace Network News and Nuclear Free Zone News; organized a Rapid Action Alert network to communicate concerns to elected representatives; ceased operations on November 30, 1991. No finding aid available online.
 

Roberta Kramer (sp?), Allen Olmsted and Frederick Libby (original photo includes Floyd Rudolph) [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped; credit: Weintraub Studio, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]
United Peace Chest of Philadelphia Records (DG 194)
23 linear inches
Founded in 1938, coordinated and integrated Philadelphia, Pennsylvania organizations interested in promoting international peace; name often shortened to United Peace Chest; other organizations involved were the Emergency Peace Campaign, the National Council for Prevention of War, the Philadelphia Peace Council, the Committee on Militarism in Education, and the Fellowship of Reconciliation; disbanded in 1956.

boxes stored off-site
[no image]
United States Comprehensive Test Ban Coalition Records (DG 178)
5.4 linear feet
Begun in March 1988 as the U.S. Coalition of the International Comprehensive Test Ban Campaign; Carolyn Cottom was its first Chair; formed as a coalition of peace groups to raise public awareness of nuclear testing issues, and to call on governments to initiate testing moratoria and to undertake negotiations for a comprehensive test ban; changed name in 1989 to United States Comprehensive Test Ban Coalition. Collection includes correspondence, annual reports, administrative files, minutes of meetings, reference files.
No finding aid available online.
tripod record

 

Painted wooden sign from the UPU
Universal Peace Union Records (DG 038)
12.5 linear feet
Founded in 1866 to remove the causes of war; championed international arbitration, arbitration in labor disputes, and such causes as suffrage, temperance, anti-lynching, anti-militarism, and Indian rights; Quaker peace activist Alfred H. Love (1830-1913) was a principal organizer and served for many years as president of the UPU; well-known activists such as Hannah J. Bailey, Belva Lockwood; John Hutchinson; and Frances Ellen Harper all served as officers; the group was officially dissolved in 1920. The diaries of Alfred H. Love are also included in the collection.
photographs online

boxes stored off-site
[no image]
U.S. Interreligious Committee for Peace in the Middle East Records (DG 188)
4 linear feet
Founded in 1987; grew out of three interreligious study tours to the Middle East and exploratory consultations with more than 100 Jewish, Christian and Muslim leaders between 1985 and 1987.
No finding aid available online.
tripod record

 
[no image]
U.S. Peace Council Records (DG 153)
3 linear feet
Began in 1978 or 1979; National Founding Conference held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, November 9-11, 1979; headquartered in New York, New York until 1990, then moved to Philadelphia; formed as a "peace and solidarity network"; published the periodical Peace and Solidarity; affiliated with the World Peace Council; national headquarters closed in 1992; operations continued (1993- ) by the Michigan chapter. Collection includes correspondence, administrative files, pamphlets, newsletters, newspaper clippings. No finding aid available online.
tripod record
 


Logo of Veterans for Peace, Inc.

 

Veterans for Peace, Inc. (DG 240)
2.75 linear feet
Veterans For Peace, Inc. (VFP) is an educational and humanitarian organization dedicated to the abolishment of war. VFP iss comprised primarily of veterans of the United States military, but non-veterans may also join as associate members. VFP's statement of purpose (as of 2010) states that their mission is: "To increase public awareness of the costs of war; to restrain the U.S. government from intervening, overtly and covertly, in the internal affairs of other nations; to end the arms race and to reduce and eventually eliminate nuclear weapons; to seek justice for veterans and victims of war; to abolish war as an instrument of national policy". VFP members pledge to use nonviolent, democratic means to achieve these aims.
 


African-American demonstration, May 13, 1967 [10" x 8" black and white photograph, cropped]

Vietnam Summer Records (DG 067)
7.5 linear feet
Martin Luther King, Jr., Benjamin Spock and others launched the project nationally on April 23, 1967 to reach concerned citizens throughout the United States and to weld them into an organized and active constituency against the war in Vietnam; from headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts, co-directors Richard R. Fernandez and Lee D. Webb coordinated the efforts of 500 paid staff members and over 26,000 volunteers in 700 local projects; officially ended on September 20, 1967. Collection includes meeting minutes of the steering committee, correspondence, funding proposals, state and city project files, monthly audit reports, press conference packets, applications of volunteers, scrapbooks, buttons and photographs.
No finding aid available online.
 
 

Buddhist monks and nuns marching with prayer drum at Interfaith Pilgrimage for Peace, England, May 1985 [10" x 8" color photograph, cropped]
Walkabout Peace and Justice Records (DG 162)
4 linear feet
First organized in 1985 in Davis, California, as an experimental project to provide a source of information for the peace-walking community; sponsored walks in support of issues related to peace and social justice; acted as a clearinghouse to provide information about other peace walks; most siginficant organizer was Barbara Hirshkowitz, who later became a leader of New Society Publishers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
 

Group of Mexican(?) women, ca. 1927-1928 [3.75" x 6" sepia photograph]
War Resisters' International Records (DG 039)
3.25 linear feet
Founded in 1921 War Resisters' International; acts as a coordinating body for pacifist individuals and organizations throughout the world.

 

Bayard Rustin and Evan Thomas at 13th Annual WRL Conference, 1942 [9.25" x 6.5" sepia photograph, cropped; credit: Sidney Moritz, New York, New York]
War Resisters League Records (DG 040)
34+ linear feet
E
stablished by Dr. Jessie Wallace Hughan and others, together with colleagues from the Women's Peace Society and the Women's Peace Union, as a secular, absolute pacifist organization with similar goals to War Resisters' International; seeks to end war and social injustice through nonviolent tactics.
 

War tax resisters
[from War Resisters League website,
August 2012]
War Tax Resisters Penalty Fund Records (DG 192)
2.7 linear feet
The War Tax Resisters Penalty Fund began in 1982 as a volunteer project of the North Manchester, Indiana Fellowship of Reconciliation. It supported and encouraged conscientious war tax resisters in the U.S. As of 1994, the group had worked with about 1000 tax resisters and supporters, and numbered 500 members nationally. Originally the group wascalled Tax Resisters Penalty Fund. Cliff Kindy was the head organizer.

 
  Washington Peace Center (DG 252)
9.1 linear feet
 

Cora Weiss (rest of photo includes other Committee of Laision members) [9.25" x 7.25" black and white photograph, on card, cropped]
Cora Weiss Papers (DG 222)
12.5 linear feet
Born 1934; supporter of the United Nations, an early member of Women Strike for Peace, serving on its National Board from 1961-1973, director of the Riverside Church (New York, New York) Disarmament Program in 1970s; involved with organizing demonstrations against the Vietnam war, including the largest on November 15, 1969 in Washington, D.C.; Co-Chair and Director of the Committee of Liaison with Families of Servicemen Detained in Vietnam; organized the exchange of mail between families and prisoners of war in Vietnam; active with SANE, SANE/Freeze, Peace Action, and a found of The Hague Appeal for Peace; became president of the International Peace Bureau in 2000; hosted first women's radio program in New York City in the 1970s; attended women's disarmament summits in the former Soveit Union, the U.N. Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995, and many other events; recipient of numerous peace awards from all over the world.
 

Lydia Wentworth, age 27 [half-tone image from book Selected Writings by LGW, 1936]
Lydia G. Wentworth Papers (DG 041)
4.5 linear feet
Born 1858; author; advocate for pacifism, socialism, and feminism; lived most of her life in Brookline, Massachusetts; died 1947.

boxes stored off-site
[no image]
Norman J. Whitney Papers (DG 061)
7.5 linear feet
Born 1891; Quaker teacher, writer and devoted peace worker; taught English at Syracuse University (NY), 1919-1957; helped establish and directed for many years the Syracuse Peace Council; left Syracuse in 1957 to work for the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) in peace education; acted as friend and counselor to conscientious objectors, particularly those in Civilian Public Service Camps; died 1967.

restrictions apply

George and Lillian Willoughby, ca. 1980? [1.5" x 1.25" negative]
George and Lillian Willoughby Papers (DG 236)
24.5 linear feet
George Willoughby (December 9, 1914 - January 5, 2010) and Lillian Willoughby (c. 1916 - January 15, 2009) were Quaker activists who took part in nonviolent protests against war, conducted nonviolence trainings in India and other countries, and advocated for preservation of land in New Jersey and elsewhere. They were both involved in Movement for a New Society for a number of years. A conscientious objector during WWII, George later worked with the American Friends Service Committee, the CCCO, and other organizations, as well as sailing on the The Golden Rule, and taking part in the year-long Delhi-Peking Friendship Walk.
 

E. Raymond Wilson at literature booth, ca. 1920-1925 [3" x 2.25" sepia photograph, cropped]
E. Raymond Wilson Papers (DG 070)
35.25 linear feet
Born 1896; Quaker; went to Japan in 1926-1927 through Japanese Brotherhood Scholarship; helped organize the Committee on Militarism in Education in 1925; served as Field and Education Secretary of the Peace Section of the American Friends Service Committee, 1931-1943; helped found the Friends Committee on National Legislation in 1943 and served as its Executive Secretary until 1962; author of two books; died 1987.
Japanese lantern slides digitized

some boxes stored off-site

Woman facing soldiers with their guns and bayonets pointed at her, ca. 1967 [10.25" x 7.75" black and white photograph; credit: Marc Riboud, New York, New York; box 13]
WIN Magazine Records (DG 077)
Records: 7.75 linear feet; Photographs; 7.5 linear feet
WIN Magazine was published from January 1966 until October 1983; begun by the New York Workshop in Nonviolence; sponsorship was taken over in September 1966 by the Committee for Nonviolent Action (CNVA); CNVA merged with the War Resisters League in the fall of 1967 which then assumed financial responsibility for the magazine, but did not directly control its editorial board or staff.

Photograph Collection

boxes stored off-site
[no image]
Winston Foundation for World Peace Records (DG 211)
4.75 linear feet
Begun in September 1986; concentrated on the U.S.-Soviet rivalry, arms control, the global arms trade, regional conflicts, and efforts to build civil society; endowed by Robert Winston Scrivner to work for the prevention of nuclear war; grant-making was concluded in June 1999, and offices in Washington, D.C. closed two months later. Collection includes Board meeting minutes, 1985-1999; dockets, 1990-1999; board memorandums, 1990-1999; grant lists, 1991-1999; trip reports, 1995-1997 and undated; miscellaneous reports, 1992-1999 and undated.
No finding aid available online.
tripod record

 

Priscilla Peckover, 1930 [8" x 10" cabinet card; credit; A. Minter, Wisbech, England]
Wisbech Local Peace Association Records (DG 042)
1.6 linear feet
Priscilla Hannah Peckover (1833-1931) devoted much of her life toward mobilization for peace. She believed that every person had a duty to perform in consolidating public opinion against war. In 1879 she formed the Wisbech Peace Association to promote the development of women in work for peace. This group of men and women, eventually growing from hundreds to thousands, became a center for peace activity in Great Britain. They concentrated on establishing peace by means of arbitration and disarmament. The organizers of the Wisbech Peace Association condemned war based on Christian theology.
Collection contains membership blanks, annual reports of the organization's activities, tracts and other publications issued by the group, writings by Priscilla Peckover, and correspondence between Peckover and other peace leaders in Great Britain, Europe and North America.


boxes stored off-site

Alice Wiser, 1987 [color graphic made by Charles Hilski(sp?); from Subject File: Art in War and Peace]
Alice Wiser Papers (DG 203)
7.5 linear feet
Quaker; trained as a social worker and psychological counselor; dedicated the last ten to fifteen years of her life to both peace and women's rights; instrumental in organizing the peace tent for the second United Nations Conference on Women held in Nairobi, Kenya in 1985; after the conference, continued to organize around these issues, traveling around the world to interview women and talk about peace; died ca. 1995. Of note in the collection are audiotapes and transcripts of interviews with women around the world in the mid to late 1980s on women's rights, peace, and politics.


boxes stored off-site

Reenactment of massacre of six Jesuit priests and others in El Salvador, November 16, 1995 [6" x 4" color photograph, cropped]
Witness for Peace Records (DG 149)
33+ linear feet
Founded in 1983; headquartered in Washington, D.C.; purpose is to work with the people of Central America by acting in continuous nonviolent resistance to U.S. covert or overt intervention in their countries and to help change U.S. policy to one which fosters justice, peace, and friendship with the countries of Central America; although primarily Christian, WFP welcomes others who vary in spiritual approach but who agree with WFP's objectives.Collection includes organizational and financial reports, periodicals, annual reports, pamphlets, manuals, and audiotapes of training sessions for volunteers.

 

Neil Wollman, circa 2006
Neil Wollman Papers (DG 234)
5+ linear feet
Neil Wollman (1950 - ) is a peace activist and psychologist. Beginning ca. 1984, Wollman began to pressure Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association-College Retirement Equities Fund (TIAA-CREF) to engage in socially responsible investing, including divesting from companies that did business in South Africa or built nuclear weapons. Wollman helped to form the Make TIAA-CREF Ethical Coalition. He is the the author of the Graduation Pledge of Social and Environmental Responsibility (www.graduationpledge.org), and iscurrently involved with Kids Can make A Difference "to inspire students to realize that it is within their power to help eliminate hunger and poverty in their communities, country and world."
 

Demonstration Against Conscription of High School Boys and Military Drilling in Schools, Times Square, New York, New York, 1916? [7" x 5" sepia photograph]
Woman's Peace Party Records (Part I of DG 043)
11.75 linear feet
The Woman's Peace Party (WPP) was formed in January 1915 with a platform calling for a conference of neutral nations, limitation of armaments, organized opposition to militarism in the U.S., democratic control of foreign policy, and extension of the franchise to women; in April 1915 became the American Section of the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace; Jane Addams served as chair; the WPP became the U.S. Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom in November 1919.
some boxes stored off-site

WSP protesting in the rain, 1972 [8"x10" B&W photograph by Dorothy Marder, cropped]
Women Strike for Peace Records (DG 115)
32 linear feet
Begun in 1961 as a one-day protest against the above ground testing of nuclear weapons, led by Dagmar Wilson and other women, in Washington, D.C.; a nation-wide grass-roots organization most active during the Vietnam War, when it operated draft counseling and amnesty programs, and lobbied against the continuation of the war; has local chapters throughout the U.S.; by the 1980s the national headquarters were in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; legislative office and National Information Clearing House in Washington, D.C.; also known as WISP (Women's International Strike for Peace) or Women for Peace; disbanded ca. 1989.
 

Broadside "A Volunteer Army is 1) More Efficient 2) Possible 3) Preferable," ca. 1945 [15" x 23"; scpcDoc0859 ]
Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription Records (DG 068)
7.5 linear feet
Founded in 1943 as the Committee to Oppose the Conscription of Women (also known as the National Committee to Oppose the Conscription of Women); formed to protest the Austin-Wadsworth legislative action to conscript women into a civilian-based labor force; as an independent committee with one objective it expected to educate and motivate a constituency no organized peace group could reach; at its height, the group had a governing committee of 150 members and a national mailing list of 3000; when the immediate threat of drafting women had passed, the organization changed its name to the Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription, to reflect its stand against any conscription; Mildred Scott Olmsted served as Director, A.J. Muste as Treasurer, and Grace Rhoads as secretary.
 
boxes stored off-site

Washington State Branch with No More War signs, Seattle, Washington, September 1922
[10" x 8" sepia photograph, cropped; larger size]
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (U.S.) Records [WILPF] (DG 043)
238+ linear feet
Established in January 1920, replacing the Woman's Peace Party as the official arm of the WILPF in the United States; its aim was to "promote methods for the attainment of that peace between nations which is based on justice and good will and to cooperate with women from other countries who are working for the same ends"; an important leader in the peace movement of the 20th century, as well as in women's issues; had a Legislative Office in Washington, D.C. for many years; state and local branches carry out goals of the national program on a more local level; national office in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania closed in 2009; some activities currently being overseen from office in Massachusetts (2010- ). Collection includes records from its predecessor organization, the Woman's Peace Party, some files related to the International WILPF (especially reports of international congresses), the U.S. National records U.S. local branch records,, and the files of the Jane Addams Peace Association [JAPA]. Available as well are photographs and/or negatives (several thousand), periodicals, posters, banners, scrapbooks, postcards, graphics, audiovisual material, campaign buttons, lapel ribbons and pins, bumperstickers and other stickers, and other memorabilia.
photograph exhibit
some boxes stored off-site

Fanny Garrison Villard (far right), with two members of the Women's Peace Society, in front of car used to promote disarmament [10" x 8" sepia photograph, cropped; credit: Henry G. Lauterbach, Dobbs Ferry, New York]

Women's Peace Society Records (DG 106)
5 linear inches
Founded in October 1919 by Fanny Garrison Villard, Elinor Byrns, and other women who had resigned from the New York State branch of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; advocated universal and complete disarmament, absolute free trade, and adherence to principles which precluded subscribing to war loans or helping by money or work any relief organization which supported or condoned war; ceased operations in 1933.


 
[no image]
Women's Peace Union Records (DG 044)
11.25 linear feet
Founded in August 1921 to encourage the formation of a peace group to encompass all the women of the western hemisphere, to work for complete disarmament and the abolition of all constitutional and legal sanctions for war; records are those of the United States branch.

some boxes stored off-site

Construction of a well, probably in India [4" x 5" black and white photograph on postcard]

Dorothea E. Woods Papers (DG 213)
12.5 linear feet
Dorothea Eleanor Woods was born in 1925 in Rochester, New York. She was a member of the Religious Society of Friends (Quaker) and received a Ph.D. from University of Illinois in 1957 in French. Woods joined World YWCA that year and worked for a decade in the development of youth and adult education programs. In the 1970s she was pioneer in work on child soldiers. Woods was later affiliated with the Quaker United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland. She researched and wrote extensively on this topic and wrote monthly child soldier updates, which the QUNO distributed to individuals and organizations. Woods died on December 4, 2001 in Wolcott, New York.

 
[no image]
[World Association of World Federalists: United Nations Office: formerly DG 091; deaccessioned in March 2003 and sent to Lilly Library]
 

Participants in Interim Advisory Committee for a World Conference on Religion and Peace, Instanbul, Turkey, February 1969 [9" x 6.25" black and white photograph, cropped]
World Conference on Religion and Peace Records (DG 078)
43.5 linear feet
An international organization of representatives of the world's major religious traditions who met to study and act upon global problems affecting peace, justice, and human survival; from 1970-1984, the international headquarters in New York was directed by Homer A. Jack, Secretary-Generall headquarters moved to Geneva, Switzerland in 1984, with John B. Taylor as Secretary-General.

boxes stored off-site
[no image]
World Conference on Religion and Peace (U.S.) Records (DG 059)
4.25 linear feet
National Inter-religious Conference on Peace held March 15-17, 1966, in Washington, D.C., to bring together clergy and laity from all peace oriented viewpoints to discuss the relation of religion to peace; following conference, U.S. Inter-religious Committee on Peace (also called Inter-religious Committee on Peace) formed to continue this work; name changed in 1975 to World Conference on Religion and Peace (USA) to identify more clearly with World Conference on Religion and Peace (International); also called WCRP/USA or WCRP (U.S.A.).Collection includes meeting minutes, correspondence (1965-1966), statements produced by the conference, workshop kits, study group working papers, publicity, and anthology of published papers of the conference; and correspondence (1962-1989) and other materials of Homer A. Jack. No finding aid available online.
 

Detail with image of Albert K. Smiley, from broadside "Advancing Movement to Organize the World for Peace"; originally appeared in the Monitor, Boston, Massachusetts on December 3, 1910 [18" x 25.25"; scpcDoc0410]
World Peace Foundation Records (DG 055)
21.25 linear feet
In 1902, Edwin Ginn began publication of an International Library to promote knowledge about peace. In July 1910, he established the International School of Peace which, in December of that year, became the World Peace Foundation. Its purpose was to promote better international relations and world order by preparing and distributing specialized literature, mostly to college and university libraries, and by holding conferences. It was closely allied with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and supported formation of the League of Nations and the Permanent Court of International Justice and, later, the United Nations.
boxes stored off-site
[no image]
World Without War Council, Midwest Records (DG 128)
12 linear feet
Begun in Northern California in 1958, when twelve national peace organizations cooperated in establishing Acts for Peace; founded by Robert Pickus, it developed in 1961 into Turn Toward Peace (TTP), a cooperative national effort of some 60 peace and liberal internationalist organizations. Around 1967 (sources vary on the year), WWWC split off from Turn Toward Peace; independently incorporated WWWC regional offices were opened in Seattle, Washington, Chicago, Illinois, and New York, New York. Collection includes minutes of meetings, program and project reports, information about the National Committee for the Peace Ballot (co-sponsored by WWWC), 1975-1976, the World Without War Calendar, 1977-1983, newsletters, information from the Northern California (Berkeley) Office, Northwest Regional (Seattle, Washington) Office, and the Eugene, Oregon Branch. No finding aid available online.
boxes stored off-site
 
[no image]
 
Young Friends of North America: Committee on Conscription Records (DG 083)
12.5 linear feet
The Young Friends of North America, an open fellowship of Quakers between the ages of 18 and 30, established a Committee on Conscription in the fall of 1968 to facilitate communication among Friends who were involved with draft resistance; chaired by conscientious objector Peter Blood; collected information from members of the Religious Society of Friends who had refused to cooperate with conscription since the 1940s, as well as Friends who were currently imprisoned for draft resistance. Collection is small, but valuable because of the personal information it contains in correspondence, statements, and questionnaires filled out by Friends (and others) who resisted the draft during the Vietnam war. The Committee also collected information from various Yearly Meetings about their stance on draft resistance, conscription, providing sanctuary to men opposed to the draft, and tax resistance.
 

 

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This page created by Anne Yoder (Archivist), March 2010, and revised and updated by Wendy E. Chmielewski and SCPC staff.

Site last updated on October 29, 2014..