Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Edith Reeves Solenberger Papers, 1897-1976

Collection: DG 176


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (curator); Fax: 610-690-5728
Email: wchmiel@swarthmore.edu (curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Solenberger, Edith Reeves (1886-1976)
Title
Edith Reeves Solenberger Papers
Inclusive Dates
1897-1976
Call Number
DG 176

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
2.5 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Edith Gertrude Reeves Solenberger (1886-1976) was a Quaker peace activist who participated in a broad range of organizations.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
Yes, this collection is located offsite. Please contact SCPC staff at least two weeks in advance of visit.
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Robert Solenberger, 1994, 1995, [acc. 94A-082, acc. 95A-036]; purchase [acc. 08B-061]; Gift of Lisa Yoder, 2017 [Acc. 2017-109]; Gift of Richard Rooney, 2018 [Acc. 2018-024]
Processing Information
Processed by Kate Myer, October 1993, reprocessed by Anne M. Yoder, October 2017
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Edith Reeves Solenberger Papers (DG 176), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
DG 043: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Section (Series B, 5: Pennsylvania Branch)
Diary of Edith Reeves available at the University of South Dakota; diary of Edith R. Solenbeger and photograph at Schlesinger Library, Harvard University

Historical Background
Edith Gertrude Reeves was born in 1886 in South Dakota. She attended the University of South Dakota and graduated from Radcliffe College, earning an AB in 1907 and an AM in 1910, with an interest in crippled children. Reeves married Edwin Solenberger of Lansdowne, Pennsylvania and moved to that community in August of 1913.

Within the Philadelphia community, Edith Solenberger had a notable impact on the treatment of children with physical disabilities. This crusade began as early as 1910 with her work with the International Society for Crippled Children in Elyria, Ohio, and lasted until1968.As Edith Reeves, she authored the semiunal volume of its day on this topic in 1911 entitled Care and Education of Crippled Children in the United States.. The Easter Seal Society for Crippled Children and Adults issued a Letter of Introduction describing Edith Solenberger as a Charter Member of the Society's Board of Directors. She was a pioneer in work on behalf of disabled children. In 1949, she visited post-war Europe inspecting hospitals institutional homes, schools and agencies for persons with orthopaedic handicaps.

Edith Solenberger was Co-Clerk of the Lansdowne Monthly Meeting, a founder of the Lansdowne-Upper Darby branch of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), and an officer of the Delaware County WILPF Council. Her career included social work, writing, and public speaking. She was WILPF's referent on Native Americans in the 1950s.

Together with her husband, Edwin, Edith traveled to the 1955 Pacific Yearly Meeting as a representative of the Lansdowne Monthly Meeting. Other Quaker sponsored trips included those to Canada to learn about the Doukhobors, a Russian immigrant-based pacifist Christian group. Warm friendships developed as a result of her visits in 1951, 1955 and 1956.

In addition to her great interest in the Doukhobors, Edith Solenberger also paid much attention to Native American issues, especially concerning the Kinzua Dam Project from 1957 to 1964. Edith Solenberger sponsored a young Native American student with whom she corresponded from 1963 to1969.

Edith Reeves Solenberger's life journey ranged from a frontier childhood in the South Dakota Territory to international scholarly travel, and included family commitments, rearing four children, and spiritual and intellectual dedication to many diverse causes. She died at the age of 90 in 1976.

Collection Overview
The Edith Reeves Solenberger papers includes biographical information about her and her family, correspondence, her writings (published and unpublished), information about her efforts and involvements (including trips), and reference material. It should be noted that in the 2017 reprocessing of this collection, some of the secondary material on Native Americans and Doukhobors was discarded as being readily available elsewhere. Folders that include correspondence are noted as such.

Accession 08B-061 was acquired through purchase in 2008. This accession includes a school copy book of Edith Reeves, dated 1897-1899; a diary, dated 1900; an herbarium (n.d., but perhaps from 1913); wedding announcements and correspondence, 1913; telegram from Edith Reeves on women's rights, 1912; University of South Dakota [?] graduation program for Althea Margaret Reeves [Edith's sister?], 1914; three family photographs-two of Emerson G. Reeves [Edith's father], one of Emma Sprague Reeves [Edith's mother]. Edith Reeves, and Harrison Sprague Reeves [Edith's brother], circa 1892; one lock of hair [unidentified]. Accession 2017-109 included addtional material from Reeves and Solenberger family members. Accession 2018-024 consisted of letters between Edith Solenberger and family members, especially her son Robert Solenberger.

Items removed:
Photos to the Photograph Collection
Lock of hair and herbarium to the Memorabilia Collection


Arrangement of Collection
The arrangement of this collection is simple: biographical information, correspondence, writings, efforts and involvements, and reference material.

Note that this collection is stored offsite. Contact the Peace Collection's Curator at least two weeks in advance to request boxes for perusal at the Peace Collection.





Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
Biographical information
Biographical information: composition book, 1897-1899 [acc. 08B-061]
Biographical information: diary, 1900 [acc. 08B-061]
Biographical information: wedding – announcements, correspondence, visiting cards, 1931-1914 [acc. 08B-061]
Biographical information: family tree
Biographical information: newsclippings re: extended family
Correspondence, 1909-1919
Correspondence, 1920-1929
Correspondence, 1930-1939
Correspondence, 1940-1941, 1943-1945
Correspondence with Nanette Betrand (France), 1945
Correspondence, 1946
Correspondence with Nanette Betrand (France),1946-1947
Correspondence, 1947
Correspondence with Karl Franke and family (Germany), 1947-1950
Correspondence, 1948-1949
Correspondence, 1950

Box 2
Correspondence, 1951-1959
Correspondence, 1960-1970, undated
Writings: published, 1915-
Writings: unpublished
Writings re: the care of crippled children
Writings: pamphlet “British Maternity Nursing on an American Frontier,” 1930 [reprinted from “The Cripple,” April 1930] [acc. 2017-__]
Writings: preparations for pamphlet on conscientious objection
Efforts and involvements: speaking engagements
Efforts and involvements: miscellaneous
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1910-1924 --  correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1925 -- correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1926 --  correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1927 --  correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1928 --  correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1929 -- correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1930 -- correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1931-1945 -- correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children -- trip to England, 1949 [includes report]
Efforts and involvements: related to the care of crippled children, 1951-1968 -- correspondence, etc.

Box 3
Efforts and involvements: as chair of the Citizens Committee: notes, report, etc.
Efforts and involvements: with Committee on Conscientious Objectors
Efforts and involvements: re: Doukhobors, 1955 – correspondence about visit, etc.
Efforts and involvements: re: Doukhobors, 1956 – correspondence about visit(?), etc.
Efforts and involvements: re: Doukhobors, 1957, 1959 – correspondence about visit(?), etc.
Efforts and involvements: re: Doukhobors, 1950s – notes taken during visit/s, etc.
Efforts and involvements: re: Doukhobors, circa 1950s – notes
Efforts and involvements: with Friends War Problem Committee, 1942
Efforts and involvements: with Lansdowne (PA) and Delaware County Branches of WILPF -- correspondence, reports, meeting minutes
Efforts and involvements: with Lansdowne (PA) Monthly Meeting --  correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: re: Native Americans
Efforts and involvements: re: Native Americans -- correspondence with Cheryl Johnson, 1963
Efforts and involvements: re: Native Americans -- correspondence with Cheryl Johnson, 1964-1969

Box 4
Efforts and involvements: with Philadelphia Yearly Meeting’s Indian Committee and Kinzua Dam project -- correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: with Philadelphia Yearly Meeting’s Indian Committee and Kinzua Dam project -- correspondence of Walter Taylor (representative to Seneca Nation), 1961
Efforts and involvements: with Philadelphia Yearly Meeting’s Indian Committee and Kinzua Dam project -- correspondence of Walter Taylor (representative to Seneca Nation), 1962-1963
Efforts and involvements: re: the United Nations, 1950-1965 -- correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: trip to Europe, 1949 – letters of introduction and thanks
Efforts and involvements: trip to Europe, 1951 – letters of affirmation by Monthly Meetings
Efforts and involvements: trip to attend Pacific Yearly Meeting and to visit western Quaker Meetings – affirmation from Lansdowne (PA) Monthly Meeting, etc.
Efforts and involvements: trip to England and Scotland, 1968 – affirmation by Monthly Meetings
Efforts and involvements: attendance at events of the Emergency Peace Campaign, 1936-1937 – notes taken
Efforts and involvements: attendance at Conference on World Economic Cooperation, 1938 – notes taken, etc.
Efforts and involvements: attendance at Friends Conference on the Conscientious Objector, Earlham College, 1940 – notes taken, etc.
Efforts and involvements: attendance at Pendle Hill Peace Service Training Seminar, 1940 – notes taken, etc.
Efforts and involvements: attendance at Pendle Hill Pacifist Seminar, 1940 – notes taken, etc.
Efforts and involvements: attendance at All American Friends Conference, 1942 – notes taken, mss. article, etc.
Efforts and involvements: attendance at Japanese Peace [Treaty] Conference, 1951 – correspondence, report
Efforts and involvements: attendance at World Council of Churches 2nd Assembly, 1954 – notes taken, etc.
Efforts and involvements: attendance at AAUW National Convention, 1957 – notes taken, etc. 

Box 5
Efforts and involvements: attendance at Church Peace Union Seminar, 1958: correspondence, notes, etc.
Efforts and involvements: attendance(?) at White House Conference on Children and Youth, 1960
Efforts and involvements: attendance at Citizen Participation with Officials and Professionals Meeting, Philadelphia (PA), December 3, 1965 [re: incarceration of women and girls]
Efforts and involvements: interest in the causes of war –  notes, etc.
Efforts and involvements: interest in chemical and biological warfare – correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: interest in conscription and conscientious objection –  notes; reports about interviews
Efforts and involvements: interest in conscription of women – notes; directory created
Efforts and involvements: interest in disarmament – notes, etc.
Efforts and involvements: interest in Doukhobors, 1964-1976 – correspondence, etc.
Efforts and involvements: interest in fallout/bomb shelters -- notes
Efforts and involvements: interest in Japan and Asia – notes, etc.
Efforts and involvements: interest in postwar challenges to peacemaking – notes, etc.
Efforts and involvements: interest in red-baiting and prejudice – notes, etc.
Efforts and involvements: miscellaneous notes

Box 6
Reference material: miscellaneous
Reference material: antiwar sentiment, 1939-1940
Reference material: collegial attitudes re: war
Reference material: conscription
Reference material: Doukhobors
Reference material: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting’s Indian Committee and Kinzua Dam Project
Reference material: Native Americans
Reference material: Native Americans and effect of Kinzua Dam
Reference material: Native Americans – Menominee Indians
Reference material: refugees
Reference material: religion and war

Refile Box [on-site]
Miscellaneous material




This file was last updated on April 13, 2018