Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Victor Paschkis Papers, 1916-1982

DG 119


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator); Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Paschkis, Victor (1898-1991)
Title
Victor Paschkis Papers
Inclusive Dates
1946-1976
Call Number
DG 119

Language of Materials

Materials in English and German.
Extent
8.75 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Victor Paschkis (1898-1991), born in Vienna, was a Quaker, a mechanical engineer and a professor. He was the founder, and first president, of the Society for Social Responsibility in Science. He also served as the chairman of the National Friends Conference on Race Relations, the American Friends Service Committee's Race Relations Committee, and the Committee on Fair Employment. Paschkis taught at Columbia University..

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None, except that the collection is stored off-site as of December 2014
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Victor Paschkis, 1978 [acc. 78A-061]
Processing Information
Collection processed and finding aid updated by Anne M. Yoder, Archivist, December 2014
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Victor Paschkis Papers (DG 119), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright may have been transferred to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Copyright for some items in this collection may have been retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
Victor Paschkis was born in Vienna, Austria in 1898. There he earned three engineering degrees from the Institute of Technology. Paschkis was brought up as a Roman Catholic, but very much influenced by his mother's philosophy of compassion and love, he joined the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). According to his memoirs, Paschkis published an anti-war book during World War I with the French writer, Barbusse, though Paschkis was a soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army on the Eastern Front. He moved his family to another part of Europe after hearing Hitler's promise about "rivers of blood" flowing; both he and his wife were part Jewish. He emigrated, along with his wife and children, to the United States in 1938.

Victor Paschkis was an outspoken opponent of the development of nuclear weapons, turning down the opportunity to work on the Manhattan Project, which developed the atom bomb. Paschkis served as the chairman of the National Friends Conference on Race Relations, the American Friends Service Committee's Race Relations Committee, and the Committee on Fair Employment. After retiring from his profession, he became active in the Society of Friends Fellowship House in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) and its Fellowship Farm in Pottstown (Pennsylvania).

Paschkis' career as a mechanical engineer was long and influential; his writings on heat transfer were known around the world. He was the founder in 1949, and first president, of the Society for Social Responsibility in Science, arguing that scientists and engineers could not ignore their consciences while at work but should behave as moral people there too. In 1972, Paschkis was a principal founder of the Technology and Society Division of ASME. At about the same time he also helped to form the Committee for Social Responsibility in Engineering, which evolved into the IEEE Committee on the Social Implications of Technology. At Columbia University's School of Engineering he was the technical director of the Heat and Mass Flow Analyzer Laboratory for a quarter-century before his retirement in 1966. While at Columbia, he refused to build an analog computer to do research into the mechanics of heat transfer until the university agreed not to use the computer for military applications. Some of the equipment he built while at Columbia was later used in a NASA moon-landing mission.

Paschkis' first wife, Susanne Mugdan, died in 1959. They had two children, Maria and Albert. Paschkis met his second wife, Marjorie Penny, at Fellowship Farm, where he lived and for which she was the director (along with Fellowship House; Marjorie died in 1983.

Victor Paschkis lived until he was 93; he died at the Frederick Mennonite Home (Pennsylvania) in 1991.

Collection Overview
Paschkis' papers include: attempts to write his autobiography; correspondence with his family members, especially wife Susanne, with friends, and with professional colleagues; articles and speeches by Paschkis; citation for the Max Born Memorial Medal; and, material relating to the Society for Social Responsibility in Science, as well as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Topics include technology and society, nuclear disarmament, and Christian pacifism. Correspondents include: Richard L. Deats, Carl Dreher, William F. Hewitt, Alice Mary Hilton, Heinrich Mugdan, Norman E. Polster, Michael J. Rabins, Hans Sachsse, Georg Wolfgang Schimpf, G. Gustav Van Beers, Clarence C. Walton, and Walter Weisskopf.

Items removed:
Scrapbook re: Albert Schweitzer
Photographs
Oversized certificates


This collection is being stored off-site as of December 2014. Please contact the Curator two weeks in advance of any visit to order boxes for research purposes.

Arrangement of Collection
This collection was sorted into several categories: material relating to Victor Paschkis' personal life and family (Series A); correspondence that is both personal and professional (Series B); writings, both personal and professional (Series C); involvements and speaking engagements (Series D); and reference material (Series E). Portions of this collection were in disarray, particularly his autobiographical writings, which were mixed up with his diaries/journals and letters. These were separated as much as they could be discerned without a knowledge of German. Paschkis' correspondence to/from persons involved in the same committees as he was found in various places. Most of this was removed to Series C. Some of Paschkis' subject material on heating and other topics not related to peace were discarded. However, if such material had a moral component, such as equal opportunity for all in being hired as an engineer, it was kept.





Detailed Description of the Collection

SERIES A: BIOGRAPHICAL AND FAMILY INFORMATION
Box 1 [off-site]
Biographical information
Media coverage
Family
Diary of great-grandfather of Victor Paschkis [V.P.](?), 1822-1919 [in German; copied by hand by V.P.'s aunt in 1917]
Notebook with quotations, written by mother of V.P.(?) 1924-1926; notebook of poems copied by ibid.
Susanne: miscellaneous items collected
Abstracts of diary by Heinrich Mugden about Susanne's mother's death in 1942 [in German], 1964
Memorials to wife Susanne
Letters of condolence received after wife's death, 1960
Arrest of wife Marjorie Paschkis and others for civil disobedience(?), 1966
Certificates received [see also Oversize Items Collection: Documents]
Financial records, 1968-1981
Financial records; royalties received
V.P. and Susanne's favorite quotations: from young years to America
Scrapbook of personal items, mostly 1920s-1930s [loose items]
Guestbook, 1925-1964

SERIES B: CORRESPONDENCE
Box 2 [off-site]
Letters to/from wife, 1933-1934
Letters to/from wife, 1935 (May 31) - 1936 (January 13) [in German]
Correspondence to/from wife and children, 1937 [in German]
Correspondence to/from wife and children, 1938 [in German]
Letters to/from wife, 1945 (October)
Letters to/from wife, 1945 (December)
Letters to/from wife, 1946
Letters to/from wife, 1947
Letters to/from wife, 1950 [one letter], 1951 (February-March)
Letters to/from wife, 1953 (December 20), 1955
Letters to/from wife, 1956
Letters to/from wife, 1957, 1958 (April 16)
Letters to/from wife, 1959
Letters to/from children

Box 3 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1920s-1940s
Correspondence, 1933
Correspondence, 1934
Correspondence, 1950-1959
Correspondence, 1960-1962
Correspondence, 1963
Correspondence, 1964-1966
Correspondence, 1967
Correspondence, 1968
Correspondence, 1969
Correspondence, 1970
Correspondence, 1971 (January-May)
Correspondence, 1971 (June-December)
Correspondence, 1972

Box 4 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1973
Correspondence, 1974
Correspondence, 1975
Correspondence, 1976
Correspondence, 1977
Correspondence, 1978
Correspondence, 1979

Box 5 [off-site]
Correspondence, 1980
Correspondence, 1981-
Correspondence, undated

SERIES C: WRITINGS
Box 5 (continued) [off-site]
Diaries and/or Journals
Diaries/journals, 1916-1917 [in German]
Diaries/journals, 1918 (April-June); 1918
(July-September)
Diary/journal pages 1919(?)
Diary/journal pages, 1922-1923 [sent from Berlin to his parents in lieu of letters]
Diaries/journals, 1925
Diaries/journals, 1926
Diary/journal(?), 1939
Diary/journal, 1941-1942 [mostly re: Friends General Conference, 1942; photos removed]
Diary/journal(?) pages, 1942-1943, 1946, 1957
Diary/journal, 1951 ("Sabbatical Leave, West Coast")
Diaries/journals, 1958 (September-November; "Sabbatical with Susanne")
Diary/journal, 1959 (February 20 - March 5; "Trip South")
Diary/journal, 1959 (March 5 - April 30; "Travel in USA")
Diary/journal of travels, 1959 (April-May); 1961 (April-June)
Diary/journal of travels, 1963

Box 6 [off-site]
Diaries and/or Journals
Diaries/journals of trip to Europe, 1963 (August-December)
Diary/journal, 1964 (November 29) - 1967 (June)
Diary/journal of trip to Europe and the Middle East, 1969 (January 31-June 20)
Diaries/journals of trip to France, 1973 (May 6-June 6)
Diary/journal pages re: trips, 1977-1978
Writings Used for Autobiography [including transcripts of portions of diaries/journals]
Autobiographical sketches [letters?, diary entries?, articles?]
Reminiscences re: service as soldier in WWI (1916-1918) [missing some pages]
Autobiographical/diary notes, 1937 [diary letters to wife?]
Autobiographical/diary notes, 1940
Summer in the AFSC Training Camp "High Acres," 1941 (July 1-August 26)
Western/West Coast trip, 1951 ("Sabbatical Leave") [note especially comments on racism/race relations]
Trip to Europe, 1958 ("Sabbatical with Susanne")
"Report on Travels," 1959

Box 7 [off-site]
Writings Used for Unpublished Autobiography [including transcripts of portions of diaries/journals]
Southern trip to Georgia and North Carolina, 1962
Trip to Europe, 1962 (December)
Trip to Illinois, 1963 (February)
Trip [to the South?], 1963 (May)
Trip to Europe, 1963 (August-December)
Transcript of diary/journal, 1963 (September-November)
Trip to West and East Europe, 1964(?)
Trip, 1965
Trip to Europe and the Middle East, 1969
Attempts at Writing Autobiography
Typescript "Autobiography of Victor Paschkis"
Untitled mss. autobiography (1898-1938)
Mss. autobiography (Chapters 1-8; 90 pages)
Draft chapters of autobiography [not found in final draft?]
Mss. autobiography (Chapters 2-4)
Mss. autobiography (Chapter 5)
Mss. autobiography (Chapters 6-7)

Box 8 [off-site]
Published Writings
Letters to the Editor written
Letter to the Editor written to New York Times about "Rebels Without a Program"
Book reviews written
Published articles on various topics (in English and German)
Published articles re: computers
Published articles re: Albert Einstein
Published article re: energy consumption, 1972
Published articles re: ethics in science and engineering
Published articles re: furnaces, heating, etc. (C-F)
Published articles re: furnaces, heating, etc. (H-N)
Published articles re: furnaces, heating, etc. (P-T)
Published articles in the Polish Journal
Published "Beschrankungen des Passiven," circa 1966
Published "AISE Manual for Thermal Design of Regenerators," 1961
Pamphlets (published)
Published final report "Research and Development With Respect to Heat Transfer in Quenching," 1962
References to writings by others

Box 9 [off-site]
Unpublished Writings
Miscellaneous manuscripts written
Mss. article re: Carl Spitteler's "Prometheus and Epimetheus"
Mss. "An Absolute Moral Law"
Mss. "Experimental and Analytical Study"
Mss. "The Meaning of Life and Work, Some West German Experiences"
Mss. "Survival" (Intro. - Part Two)
Mss. "Survival" (Part Three - Part Six)
Mss. "Technology and Society" (6 pages)
Mss. "Technology and Society" (Intro. - Part II)
Mss. "Technology and Society" (Part III - Part VI)
Poems [by V.P.?]

SERIES D: PUBLIC LIFE
Box 10 [off-site]
Membership with Schuykill Friends Meeting and Exeter Friends Meeting
Involvement of V.P. and Marjorie in Fellowship of House and Farm: meeting minutes
Involvement of V.P. and Marjorie in Fellowship of House and Farm
Involvement with Hidden Springs Intentional Community
Involvement with Friends Race Relations committees, 1959-1961
Involvement with VITA (Volunteers in Technical Assistance) giving advice regarding ovens, etc., 1970-1975
Tax resistance, 1967-1980 [includes correspondence]
Efforts re: minority engineering [mostly correspondence]
Efforts re: Advisory Committee, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University School of Engineering
Involvement with IEEE's Committee on Social Implications of Technology, 1978-1980
Chairing of Columbia University's Committee on Ethics in an Age of Technological Change: seminar preparation, 1968
Founding of Society for Social Responsibility in Science
Miscellaneous
Trips, 1959
Trips to Europe, 1964 [includes mailing sent to government officials and replies]
Teaching graduate seminar, undated

Box 11 [off-site]
Participation in / attendance at miscellaneous conferences and meetings
Participation in / attendance at Fall Institute on Inward Peace, Pendle Hill (PA), 1947 (September 18-24): report
Participation in / attendance at Constituting Assembly, Scientists and Engineers for Peace, Haverford College (PA), 1949
Participation in / attendance at 4th-6th National Conferences of Friends on Race Relations, 1963-1967
Participation in / attendance at Conference on the Cybercultural Revolution, 1964
Participation in / attendance at "Friends and Peace Research" participants, 1966 (April 22-24)
Coordination of Sixth National Conference of Friends on Race Relations, 1967
Participation in / attendance at Seminar on Ethics in an Age of Technological Change, 1968: report
Participation in / attendance at Interdisciplinary Seminar in the Humanities, 1970
Participation in / attendance at Technology and Future Societies Seminar, University of Michigan, 1973 [correspondence included]
Participation in / attendance at AAAS events, 1975
Participation in / attendance at Conference on Engineering Ethics, 1975
Participation in / attendance at Ethics Conference, 1978 (July)
Participation in / attendance at Conference on Lessons of the Holocaust, Philadelphia, PA, 1978
Participation in / attendance at Clark-Gralanter discussion on Ethics (intro. by V.P.): transcript of dialogue on ethics, chaired by V.P.
Participation in panel discussion, undated: published transcript
Participation in panel discussion, undated: unpublished transcript (incomplete)

Box 12 [off-site]
Book agreements
References to V.P. by others
Reviews of V.P.'s books; publicity
Bibliography "Heat and Mass Flow" with notes by V.P.
Miscellaneous notes
Sign-on Letters / Statements
Signing on to "A Call to Resist Illegitimate Authority," 1967 [includes correspondence]
Signing on to "The Mount Carmel Declaration on Technology and Moral Responsibility," 1974 [includes correspondence]
Correspondence with government officials, 1962-1970
Correspondence with government officials, 1971
Correspondence with government officials, 1972
Correspondence with government officials, 1973
Correspondence with government officials, 1974
Correspondence with government officials, 1975
Correspondence with government officials, 1976
Correspondence with government officials, 1977
Correspondence with government officials, 1978
Correspondence with government officials, 1979
Correspondence with government officials, 1980-1981

Box 13 [off-site]
Participation in / involvement with ASME: annual meetings, 1969, 1973
Participation in / involvement with ASME: establishing a new division, 1971-1972
Participation in / involvement with ASME, 1971-
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Executive Committee of the Technology and Society Division, 1975-1977
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Executive Committee of the Technology and Society Division, 1978
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Executive Committee of the Technology and Society Division, 1979
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Executive Committee of the Technology and Society Division, 1980
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Executive Committee of the Technology and Society Division, 1981
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Ad Hoc Committee on Long Range Planning of the Technology and Society Division
Participation in / involvement with ASME: replies to V.P.'s questionnaire, 1975 [see also correspondence?]
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Equal Opportunity Committee, 1972 -1973
Partici pation in / involvement with ASME: Equal Opportunity Committee (continued)

Box 14 [off-site]
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Ethics Committee
Participation in / involvement with ASME: General Committee of the Technology and Society Division [chaired by V.P]
Participation in / involvement with ASME: General Engineering Department
Participation in / involvement with ASME: General Engineering Technical Group
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Goals Committee
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Goals Committee (continued)
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Management Division
Participation in / involvement with ASME: efforts re: goals, 1970-1971 [especially Working Party 14]
Participation in / involvement with ASME: "The Canons of Ethics - the ASME Goals and the Future of Engineering" (co-authored with Hendrik Koning)
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Policy Board
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Policy Board (continued)
Participation in / involvement with ASME: Philadelphia Section
Participation in / involvement with ASME: miscellaneous

Box 15 [off-site]
Speaking engagements: publicity
Speaking engagements: publicity and media coverage
Speaking engagements: texts of speeches
Speaking engagements: lectures before Friends' groups (correspondence, outline, etc.), 1958
Speaking engagements: course/s taught(?) on Technology and Society, 1971
Speaking engagements: Midwest Lecture Tour, 1973-1974(?) [correspondence included]
Speaking engagements: participation (speech given) at ASEE Conference on Energy and the Environment at Hoboken (NJ), 1976
Speaking engagements: Efforts re: proposals to AFSE for seminars to promote selectivity in technological development, 1968-1971 [correspondence included]
Speaking engagements: lecture given "Technology and Lifestyle," University of Rhode Island, 1974 [correspondence included]
Speaking engagements: paper given at IEEE Conference, New York (NY), 1974
Speaking engagements: paper given "People and Resources on the Finite Earth," 1974
Speaking engagements: lecture notes
Speaking engagements: lecture notes (continued)

SERIES E: REFERENCE MATERIAL
Box 16 [off-site]
American Association for the Advancement of Science: pamphlet "Scientific Freedom and Responsibility," 1975
American Society of Civil Engineers: pamphlet "Atomic Power, a Failure in Engineering Responsibility" by Adolph Ackerman, 1963
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1968-1969
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1970-1971
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1972-1974
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1975-1976
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1977
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1978-1979
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1980
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, 1981
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): miscellaneous, undated

Box 17 [off-site]
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): constitution and by-laws
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): by-laws of boards and divisions
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): "Professional Divisions Manual," 1971
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): list of Technology and Society Division members, 1973
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): booklet "Making Technology a True Servant," circa 1974
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): booklet re: convocation "Strategies and Structures for Century Two," 1978
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): report "Organizing for Century Two," 1979
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): Policy Board -- "Professional Development Manual," 1979
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): booklet "Personnel of Council, Policy Boards and Committees, with Other ASME Records," 1980
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): articles/editorials for Socio-Technical News page in "Mechanical Engineering," 1974-1981
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): newsletter "ASME: An ASME Publication," 1968-1969
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): newsletter "ASME: An ASME Publication," 1972-1974
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): newsletter "ASME: An ASME Publication," 1975
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): newsletter "ASME: An ASME Publication," 1976

Box 18 [off-site]
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): newsletter "ASME: An ASME Publication," 1977-1980
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): "ASME Executive Newsletter," 1973-1976
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): Technology and Society Division newsletter, circa 1972-1982
Center for Science in the Public Interest: "CSPI Newsletter," 1971, 1973-1976
Center for the Study of Moral Order
Centro Studie iniziative per la piena occupazione (Italy), 1963
Columbia University: seminar on technology and social change, 1965
Columbia University: courses
Committee for Social Responsibility in Engineering
Committee on Scientific Freedom and Responsibility, 1978
Communaute de Travail du Marcel Barbu: pamphlet [periodical?] "Des Hommes Libres: Numero Special du Lien," 1945
"Communate de Travail du Marcel Barbu," 1944
Cornell University: Program on Science, Technology and Society, 1972-1973
Engineers Joint Council
Gesellschaft fur Verantwortung in die Wissenshaft, 1969

Box 19 [off-site]
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. (IEEE): Committee on Social Implications of Technology, 1979
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. (IEEE): Committee on Social Implications of Technology, 1980
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. (IEEE): Committee on Social Implications of Technology, 1981-1982
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. (IEEE): Committee on Social Implications of Technology -- "IEEE CSIT Newsletter," 1973-1976
Lehigh University: technology newsletters (2), 1979-1980
National Conference of Friends on Race Relations: Newsletter," 1962-1965 [chaired by V.P.]
Polish Ecumenical Council: periodical "The Polish Ecumenical Review," 1963 [issues in English and Polish]
Rassemblement Communautaire Francais: pamphlet "Vie Communautaire....Liberte vraie," 1946
Society for Social Responsibility in Science
Technion-Israel Institute of Technology: symposium "Ethics in an Age of Technology," 1974
l'Union Centrale des Associations Communautaires Emmaus (Paris, France), circa 1960s

Box 20 [off-site]
Periodical "Christian Peace Conference 10," 1964 (June)
Periodical "Die Friedensrundschau" no. 12, 1958
Booklet/pamphlet "Documents et Economie et Humanisme 4: La Communaute Boimondau," 1946 [2nd edition]
Pamphlet "Education for Engineers" by Arthur E. Morgan (Antioch College), 1955
Typescript "Engineers and the Paramountcy of Public Safety" by Kenneth Kipnis, 1980
Periodical "La Cite: Bulletin Mensual de la Cite Donguy-Hermann" #1-3, 1948
Booklet "The Man and the Alligator: Ethical Decision-Making" by David Little et.al., 1974
Pamphlet "Man and the Atom" by Max Born (American Friends Service Committee), 1957 [reprint]
Pamphlet "Mitgliederliste der Religiosen Gesellschaft der Freunde (Quaker) in Deutschland," 1958
Pamphlet "Nazi Judges in West Germany" by Halina Brodzka et.al. (Zachodia Agencja Prasowa), 1963
Pamphlet "Need There Be Need?" by J.D. Bernal (Science for Peace Pamphlet), 195_
Newspaper pages "Neue Zurcher Zeitung," 1933 (November 15 and 16)
Booklet/pamphlet "Nuclear News: A Market Study," 1975
Typescript "Population Control Through Nuclear Pollution" by Arthur Tamplin, 1971
Typescript "Proposal for a Center for an Adversary System of Scientific Inquiry" by John Gofman et.al., 1971
Graphic/cartoon storybook "Quincy Looks Into His Future: Careers in Engineering" by Ted Shearer (General Electric), 1973
Pamphlet "The Rapacki Plan" by Polish Perspectives, 1962
Pamphlet "Thomas Alva Edison's Associate: Lewis Howard Latimer, A Black Inventor," 1973
Typescript "A Wider Base for Nonviolence" by Mario Salvadori, undated
Booklet/pamphlet "World Energy Outlook" (Exxon Background Series), 1980
World Peace Conference/s, 1958-1959, 1963
Joseph Abileah [see also correspondence]

Box 21 [off-site]
Cartoons from The New York Times re: Hitler, etc., 1938-1939 [photocopied from scrapbook (discarded)]
Miscellaneous material re: minorities in engineering
Miscellaneous material re: equality for women in science and engineering
Miscellaneous material re: race relations
Miscellaneous material re: race relations (continued)
Miscellaneous material re: adult education
Miscellaneous material: postcards (6) of cathedral in Norway
Miscellaneous material (in English)
Miscellaneous material (in German)
Miscellaneous material (in Italian)



This file was last updated on December 9, 2014.