Peoples Mandate Committee Records, 1935-1975
Collection: DG 109
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator); Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: email@example.com (Curator)
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Peoples Mandate Committee
Peoples Mandate Committee Records
Language of Materials
Materials in English
17.5 linear feet [papers only]
Peoples Mandate to Governments to End War was an international campaign begun on September 6, 1935, by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom to express such overwhelming opposition to war that governments would not dare resort to it as a means of solving disputes between nations. By the end of the decade the Peoples Mandate became an independent organization, headed by Mabel Vernon, and focused on peace and connections between women and women's organizations in the Americas.
Restrictions to Access
Alternate Form of Material
Gift of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, United States Section; Mabel Vernon; Consuelo Reyes-Calderon
Processed by various staffpersons; checklist revised by Alexander Addison (student assistant), July 1998; edited by Anne Yoder (Archivist), March 2005 & December 2011
[Identification of item], in the Peoples Mandate Committee Records (DG 109), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law
Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record
Peoples Mandate to Governments to End War was an international campaign begun on September 6, 1935, by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom to express such overwhelming opposition to war that governments would not dare resort to it as a means of solving disputes between nations. The project's goal was to secure fifty million signatures from the citizens of fifty countries. By 1937 the signatures from Europe alone numbered over 14 million.
In 1936 the U.S. section of the Peoples Mandate separated from the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and became a distinct organization under the name of the Peoples Mandate to Governments to End War, Committee for the Western Hemisphere. The executive board included many well-known reformers and pacifists, such as Carrie Chapman Catt (honorary chairman), Mary E. Woolley (chairman), Grace Abbott, Dorothy Canfield Fisher, Lillian Wald, and Mabel Vernon (director).
Vernon, an energetic worker for the Mandate Committee and a member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, was director from the organization's inception in 1935. Her first goal was to organize a "Peace Caravan" of women to drive across the United States, gathering signatures and support. Pleased with the success of this project, Vernon organized a "Flying Caravan" to establish contacts with feminists, pacifists, and other women in Latin America, the following year. By the end of the decade Women's International League for Peace and Freedom International had abandoned the Mandate as a strategy for peace. The American Committee was renamed the Peoples Mandate for Inter-American Peace and Cooperation. As the new name suggests, the goals of the organization emphasized an improvement of relations between inhabitants of the Americas. This was to be accomplished by further work through women's groups on both continents. Between September 1948 and September 1949 the group's name changed to the Peoples Mandate Committee (U.S.).
The organizational records in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection consist mainly of material for the U.S. section of the Peoples Mandate. Other material includes correspondence, reports, press releases, scrapbooks, telegrams, biographies, newspaper clippings, photographs, and Mandate literature. A large section of the correspondence in this collection came from Latin American women and contains information concerning the status of women and the work of women's organizations.
This collection also contains some of the personal correspondence of Mabel Vernon. She was a feminist who had been a member of the National Woman's Party. A part of Vernon's personal correspondence reflects the ties she had with some NWP members. It also records some of the tensions between factions within the NWP leadership in the 1940s.Another section of Vernon's personal correspondence concerns women's relationships with women companions. Vernon's own friendship with her companion Consuelo Reyes, correspondence from Jeannette Marks about her friendship with Mary Woolley, correspondence with Margaret Hamilton and Vita Milholland regarding their life together; letters from other friends are included. Correspondents (and other names found in the collection) include Jane Addams, Josefa T. de Aguerri, Katherine Anthony, Gertrude Baer, Emily Greene Balch, Mary Ritter Beard, Katherine Devereux Blake, Florence Brewer Boeckel, Heloise Brainerd, Sophonisba P. Breckinridge, Ana del Pulgar de Burke, Angela Acuña de Chacón, Hannah Clothier Hull, Alma Lutz, and Delia Rojas de White.
Series A was given a name in December 2011, when the material in it was reprocessed into five boxes. Note that pages of newsclippings from a scrapbook had formerly been photocopied and placed in the Oversize Scrapbook Collection; these were removed to Series A, Box 4 in 2011.
Detailed Description of the Collection
SERIES A: GENERAL
Box 1 [box stored off site]
Programmatic materials, 1935 [2 folders]
Programmatic materials, 1936 [2 folders]
Programmatic materials, 1937
Programmatic materials, 1938
Box 2 [box stored off site]
Programmatic materials, 1939
Programmatic materials, 1940
Programmatic materials, 1941
Programmatic materials, 1942
Programmatic materials, 1943
Programmatic materials, 1944-1945
Box 3 (half box) [box stored off site]
Programmatic materials, 1946
Programmatic materials, 1947-1949
Programmatic materials, 1950-1952, 1956
Box 4 [box stored off site]
“Flying Caravan”: Air Tour of Latin America Urging Ratification of Buenos Aires Peace Treaties, 1937 (October-November) [2 folders]
Boston House Washington, D.C.: 1. newsclippings, 1935; 2. Goodwill Tour of U.S. by distinguished Latin American women, 1939 [formerly scrapbook #0108; 2 folders]
Newsclippings from Latin American papers, 1935-1950 [4 folders]
Newsclippings, 1935-1949 [3 folders]
Box 5 (half box) [box stored off site]
Newsclippings, 1935-1949 [3 folders]
Miscellaneous newsclippings and other materials, undated
SERIES B: GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE
Box 1 [box stored off site]
Achelis, Elisabeth (World Calendar Association)
Jane Addams anniversary, 1935
Jane Addams material
Airmail: Latin America list
American Coffee Corporation (Berent Friele)
American Friends Service Committee
American Red Cross
American Security and Trust Company
Andian National Corporation
Appeal to the President: signatures
Appeal to the President: distinguished signers, 1949
Armour, Hon. Norman
Armstrong, Dr. Florence A.
Atomic bomb: comments, 1945
Box 2a [box stored off site]
Aviators (air women)
A: paid bills
Balch, Emily Greene
Baruch, Bernard M.
Behre, Emilie S.
Behrendt, Richard F.
Bernstein, Rabbi Phillip (Central Conference of American Rabbis)
Burke, Sra. Ana del Pulgar de (Mrs. Thomas Burke)
Blake, Katherine Devereux [2 folders]
Blanpied, Miss Ethel
Boeckel, Mrs. Florence Brewer (National Council for Prevention of War)
Bone, Senator Homer T.
Box 2b [box stored off site]
Boyes, Gaeta Wold
Braden, Hon. Spruille
Brainerd, Miss Heloise
Brandeis, Mrs Louis D.
Brave New World
Bringhurst, Elizabeth M.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen; Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen: Ladies Auxiliary
Brown, Louise Fargo
Buck, Pearl S. (Mrs. Richard J. Walsh)
Business firms and businessmen
B: miscellaneous #1
Box 3 [box stored off site]
B: miscellaneous #2
Callery, Katherine Hilles
Castle, Mabel Wing
Catt, Carrie Chapman
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Carson, James S.
Catholic Association for International Peace
Certified statement of PMC finances, to year 1939
Christian Science Monitor
Clapper, Mrs. Raymond
Clippings: Latin America
Clyde, Mrs. Ethel
Box 4 [box stored off site]
Conference on Peace Settlement, 1946
Coonley, Mrs. Avery
Crawford, Nelson Antrim (editor of The Household Magazine)
Crooks, Dr. Esther J.
C: paid bills
Davies, H.C. Jr. (family)
Davis, Mrs. Bancroft
Declaration of Principles
Democratic National Campaign Committee
Diplomats' answers to invitations to Jane Addams Mass Meeting
Disarmament II, 1947- 1954
Disarmament II, 1955-1959
Box 5 [box stored off site]
Disarmament petitions: distinguished signers
Disarmament workshop: 1953
Dinner: Biltmore Hotel, New York
Distinguished signers: 1935
Doyle, Michael Francis
Drevet, Madame Camille (Paris, France)
Dreyfus-Barney, Madame. Laura
D: paid bills
Eaton, Mrs. Horace A.
Economic Cooperation Administration
Ecuadorian Corporation, Ltd.
Edelman, Irvin A. and Louise
Box 6 [box stored off site]
Eisenhower, Dwight D.
Elkus, Mrs Marjorie (Columbia Foundation
Letters: Doña Elsa and Rosa Montero, etc.
Embassies and legation
Equitable Security Trust Company (Wilmington)
European Mandate Committee
Evatt, Dr. Herbert V.
Extracts: Sen. McMahon, Lindsay, Sevareid
E: bills paid
Farmers Educational and Cooperative Union of America
Federation of American Scientists
Federation of the Women of the Americas
Box 7 [box stored off site]
Fendall, Miss Mary Gertrude, 1934-1948
Fendall, Miss Mary Gertrude, 1949-1954
Fenwick, Dr. Charles G.
Ferguson, John H.
Field Foundation, The
Field, Mrs. Sara Bard
Financial reports, 1950-1952
Fisher, Mrs. Dorothy Canfield
Flanders, Senator Ralph E.
Flying Caravan: letters from members
Flying Caravan, October 30, 1937
Flying delegation, 1936
Foreign names [see also India, China, Japan]
Form material, 1952-1955
Frantz, Harry W.
Friends Committee on National Legislation
Box 8 [box stored off site]
Frost, Enoch Wesley
Frost, Mrs. Frank J. (Gene)
F: paid bills
Gaetan Pirou, Madame. Marcelle
Gallant, Mrs. Walter B.
Gartz, Miss Gloria and Mrs. Kate C. Germany
Good Will Tour: budgets and estimates
Good Will Tour: letters from Mabel Vernon
Good Will Tour: miscellaneous
Goode, Miss Edith J.
Grace and Company, W. R.
Guaranty Trust Company (Mr. Herman B. Brock, V.P.; Mr. Willis Booth, V.P.)
Box 9 [box stored off site]
Gueydan, Mr and Mrs. H.L.
G: paid bills
Hamilton, Dr. Alice
Hamilton, Miss Margaret
Handwriting, specimens of
Hanson, Mrs. Florence Curtis (Vice-President, National Federation of Teachers)
Harvey, Mrs. John S. C.
Haswell, Miss Elizabeth F.
Heath, Louis Jay
Hemisphere Arms Plan
Herald Tribune, New York
Hess, Mrs. Regina M.
Hester, Brig. Gen. Hugh
Box 9a [box stored off site]
Hill, Miss Sarah C.
Hilles, Mrs. Elizabeth M.
Hilles, Florence Bayard
Hochschild, Dr. Mauricio
Box 10 [box stored off site]
Hoffman, Paul G.
Hootin, Elizabeth M.
Hoover Library on War, Revolution, and Peace
Howard, Mrs. Amalia Millan
Hull, Hannah Clothier [2 folders]
Hull, Dr. William
Hummel, Mr. R.A. (Lone Star Cement Corporation)
Hunt, Mrs. S. Foster
H: miscellaneous [2 folders]
Hay-Adams house receipts
H: paid bills
Iglehart, D. Stewart (W.R. Grace and Company)
Incorporation Certificate: Peoples Mandate Committee
Institute of International Education
Box 11 [box stored off site]
Inter-American Commission of Human Rights
Inter-American Commission of Women
Inter-American Congress of Women
Inter-American Cook Book
Inter-American Economic and Social Council
Internal Revenue Service
International Business Machines Corporation
International General Electric Company (W.R. Herod)
Invitations: Peoples Mandate Committee samples
Ittleson, Mrs. Henry
James, Mrs. E.H. (Louisa)
Jessup, Hon. Phillip C.
Johnson, Mrs. Emily Cooper
Johnson and Johnson (W.J. Walters)
J: Paid bills
Kagawa, Dr. Toyohiko
Box 12 [box stored off site]
Keep America Out of War Committee
Kellogg, Hon. Frank B.
Kent, Mrs. William
Kerr, Mrs. Lillian H.
Krupp, Mrs. Rebecca B. (Kentucky)
K: paid bills
Landon, Governor Alf M.
Landon delegations: Topeka, Buffalo
Landon, Governor Alf M.: student delegation
La Prensa: New York
La Rosée, Mrs. Julia Gueydan
Latin American journalists
Latin American ministers and presidents
Latin American papers and magazines
Latin American women
Lee, Miss Muna
Lewis, Mrs. Lucy Biddle
Library of Congress
Lindbergh, Colonel Charles A.
Box 13 [box stored off site]
Lindley, Miss Josephine
Leras, Dr. Alberto
Lloyd, Lola and Mary Maverick
Lorimer, Mrs. W.S. (Texas)
Loveland, Mrs, Charles
Luncheon "Flying Caravan," Carlton Hotel, December 11, 1937
Luncheon for Gabriela Mistral, Carlton Hotel, February 21, 1939
Luncheon for Inter-American Committee of Women, April 17, 1944
Luncheon, New York, July 26, 1939
Lutz, Miss Alma, 1940-1949
Lutz, Miss Alma, 1950-1963
McCann, Mrs. Anabel Parker
McCormick, Mrs. Anne O'Hare
McDermott, Captain Edward
McDowell, Miss Mary S.
Box 14 [box stored off site]
McMahon, Senator Brien (D), Conn.
Mc: paid bills
Malik, Dr. Charles
Marks, Miss Jeannette
Matthews, Mrs. Burnita Shelton
Martin, Anne [2 folders]
Marshall, Lenore G.
Box 15 [box stored off site]
Mearns, Nell (Mrs. J.G.)
Meeman, Mr. Edward J. (Press-Scimitar)
Milholland, Miss Vida, 1935-1944
Milholland, Miss Vida, 1945-1952
Minutes of meeting
Moors, Mrs. John F.
Musser, Mrs. Burton W., 1936-1942
Musser, Mrs. Burton W., 1943-1960
Box 16 [box stored off site]
Musser, Mrs. Burton W. (cont.)
M: miscellaneous [2 folders]
Nash, Frank C.
National Association of Women Lawyers
National Broadcasting Company
National City Bank (H.C. Shepherd)
National Conference on International, Economic, and Social Development
National Council for Prevention of War
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States
National Council of Jewish Women
National Council of Women
National Education Association
National Humane Education Society
National Humane Education Society: paid bills
National Woman's Party
National Woman's Relief Society of the Church of the Latter Day Saints (Salt Lake City, Utah)
National Women's Democratic Club
Nelson, Mrs. Walter M.
Nehru, Pandit Jawaharlal
New Republic, The
Newhall, Miss Harriet
Nolde, O. Frederick
North Atlantic Pact
University of North Carolina
N: paid bills
Box 17 [box stored off site]
O'Day, Mrs. Caroline
O'Day, Mrs. Caroline: tea for Mandate Committee, January 23, 1939
O'Day, Mrs. Caroline: congressional campaign
O'Day: people written regarding United States delegation to the Buenos Aires Peace Conference
Olmsted, Mrs. Midred Scott
Organizations re: President's October 24, 1950 address to the United Nations
O: paid bills
Pan American Airways
Pan American Child Conference, Pan American Conference (the 10th Pan American conference held in Venezuela): Lillian Sears, Delegate of the Peoples Mandate Committee
Pan American Day
Pan American Society
Pan American Union: releases
Pan American Union: letters
Box 18 [box stored off site]
Pan Pacific Women's Association
Pandit, Mrs. Vjaya Lakshmi (Ambassador of India)
Paris Conference, 1946: Fendall correspondence
Paris Conference: statements
Parsons, Mrs. Edgerton
Payne, Dr. Arthur Frank
Peaslee, Mr. and Mrs. Amos J.
Personal Property Tax
Phillips, Miss Lena Madesin
Box 19 [box stored off site]
Picot, Madame. Georges
Pierrefau, Countess Alain de
Post (The Washington Post)
Presbyterian Church in the United States of America
Press Club, Women's National
Press releases, 1947-1952
Pulitzer, Misses Carrie, Anita and Mabel
Box 20 [box stored off site]
P: miscellaneous (cont.)
P: paid bills
Quigley, Mrs. Christine
Radio Broadcast: Good Will delegates, 1939
Radio Broadcasts, 1945-1948
Radio Broadcast: Pan American Day, 1941-1944
Radio Program, 1936
Radio Program: launching of Mandate, September 6, 1935
Radio Program: Jane Addams anniversary, May 3, 1935
Radio Program: Kellogg-Briand Pact anniversary, August 27, 1934
Radio Programs, 1934
Radio Blue Network: ABC
Radio Broadcast: Tenth Anniversary of Kellogg-Briand Pact (NBC-B/N), August 27, 1938
Radio Broadcast: Ninth Anniversary of Kellogg-Briand Pact, August 27, 1937
Radio Program, June 1937
Radio Corporation of America (RCA)
Radio Station: WGY (Schenectady, New York)
Radio Station: W2XAF (Short Wave), International-General Electric Company
Reports on Mandate work
Reyes, Consuelo [2 folders]
Reyher, Mrs. Rebecca Hourwich, 1938-1947
Reyher, Mrs. Rebecca Hourwich, 1948-1966
Reyher, Mrs. Rebecca Hourwich: anti-hate pamphlet
Box 21 [box stored off site]
Rhoads, May Frank
Rockefeller, Nelson A.
Rockefeller Jr., Mrs. John D.
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano: delegation (Des Moines), September 3, 1936
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano: delegation (Hyde Park), August 23, 1936
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano: statements
Roosevelt, Jr., Franklin D.
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius
Russell, Dorothy M.
R: miscellaneous [2 folders]
San Francisco Committee (Miss Tilly Schanzer)
Schaefer, Bernhard K.
Schneiderman, Miss Rose
Secretary of State Dean Acheson
Shannon, Mrs. Hannah M.
Smedley, Frederic C.
Smith, Miss A. Marguerite
Smith, Miss Marinobel
Smith, Miss Nellie M.
Box 22 [box stored off site]
Socony-Vacuum Oil Company (M.J.A. Bertin)
State Department: miscellaneous correspondence
State Department: releases
Stevenson, Adlai Ewing
Stevenson, Adlai Ewing: interview
Stix, Mrs. S.L.
Stowe, Mr. Leland
Summary: Mms English-Spanish
Sutro, Mrs. Lionel
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Swope, Mrs. Gerard
Box 22a [box stored off site]
S Paid bills
Box 23 [box stored off site]
Taft, Senator Robert A.
Talley, Mrs. Dora Alexander
Taylor, Mrs. Mercedes De U.
Texas Company, The
Tomlinson, Mrs. G.H.
Tone, Mrs. Gertrude Franchot
Toppin, Mrs. James
President Harry Truman: addresses; comments
Truman, President and Mrs. Harry
Box 24 [box stored off site]
Typewriters and typing set
Tydings, Senator Millard E.
T: paid bills
Union De Mujeres Americanas (UMA)
United Fruit Company (Samuel Zemurray and A.A. Pollan)
United Nations: correspondence, 1949-1957
United Nations information
United Nations: introductions, etc.
United Nations: Paris, 1951
United Nations Assembly in Paris: 1948
United Nations General Assembly: letters to/from Mary Gertrude Fendall, 1948
United States Representatives
United States Senators
U: paid bills
Box 25 [box stored off site]
Vallance, William Roy
Van Cott, Mrs. Ella Q.
Van Starkenbourgh, Mrs. Tjarda
Van Der Veer, Mr. McClellan (Birmingham Age-Herald)
Vernon, Mabel: articles about
Vernon, Mabel: articles about
Vernon, Mabel: birthday greetings
Vernon, Mabel: expense account, 1950-1951, 1953-1954
Vernon, Mabel: expense account, 1947-1949
Vernon, Mabel: family history
Vernon, Mabel, 1934-1935
Vernon, Mabel, 1936
Vernon, Mabel, 1937-1938
Box 26 [box stored off site]
Vernon, Mabel, 1939
Vernon, Mabel, 1940-1951
Vernon, Mabel: miscellaneous
Vernon, Mabel - personal letters [2 folders]
Vernon, Mabel: personal reference material
Vernon, Mabel: statements
Vertical File Service
Villard, Oswald Garrison
V: paid bills
Warburg, Mrs. Felix M.
Box 27 [box stored off site]
Wellborn, Mary Moss
Welles, The Honorable Sumner, 1936-1939
Welles, The Honorable Sumner, 1940-1961
White, John W.
Whitney Foundation (William C.)
Whittemore, Mrs. W. Nelson
Wier, Miss Louise
Wilde, Mrs. J. Ernest (Mary Almena Gray)
Wiley, Anna Kelton
Williams, Dr. Mary Wilhelmine
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Woman's Society of Christian Service
Box 28 [box stored off site]
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; form material
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; correspondence
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1954
Woodrow Wilson Foundation
Box 29 [box stored off site]
Wooley, Mary E [box 3A]
Wooley, Mary E. [box 3B]
Wooley, Mary E. [file 1]
Wooley, Mary E [file 4]
Wooley, Mary E.: correspondence, 1936 (January) - 1937 (August) [2 folders]
Box 30 [box stored off site]
World Woman's Party
Wright, Miss Alice Morgan
W: miscellaneous [2 folders]
W: paid bills
Young Women's Christian Association
Yale University Library
Zeigen, Ethel Harris
Zilboorg, Mrs. Gregory