Great Peace March For Global Nuclear Disarmament Records, 1986-
Collection: DG 147
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (Curator)
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament
Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament Records
Language of Materials
Materials in English
26 linear feet [papers only]
In 1986 six hundred people marched across the United States to demonstrate their opposition to the world-wide nuclear arms race. The march took nine months from California to Washington, D.C. The marchers wrote: "we will create a non-violent focus for positive change; the imperative being that nuclear weapons are politically, socially, economically and morally unjustifiable, and that, in any number, they are unacceptable." The GPM was also a traveling intentional and communal society.
Restrictions to Access
Alternate Form of Material
Gift of Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament; and others [See list of donors and accession information]
Processed and checklist prepared by Martha P. Shane (January 1989); updated by Wendy E. Chmielewski 1990; this version of finding aid created by Wendy E. Chmielewski, October 2009.
[Identification of item], in the Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament Records (DG 147), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law
Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record
Pro Peace Records (DG 152)
The GPM, also known as Peace City and now numbering approximately 600, resumed its eastward walk on March 28. Its governance and organizational structure adapted to meet its evolving needs. Marchers assumed volunteer jobs, replacing the highly structured and paid PRO- Peace network, and a Policy Board began the task of governing. A City Council soon replaced the Policy Board with decisions made preferably by concensus. The Board of Directors was enlarged from three to seven members and a Judicial Board oversaw resolution of disputes and disciplinary problems among marchers. Three City Managers, one for each of the tent cities, plus department heads, formed an Operations Council. Mayor Diane Clark represented Peace City at ceremonial occasions as the GPM made its way across the United States.
Many departments and task forces were created to carry on the work of the March. These included the Community Interaction Agency which planned outreach events with communities the March passed through, the Field Department which later merged with the C.I.A., Education (Peace Academy) which worried about school for the children on the March as well as issue-oriented speeches for marchers, and Entrance/Exit which handled marcher applications.
A Statement of Purpose was approved with the following preamble "The Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament is an abolitionist movement. We believe that great social change comes about when the will of the people becomes focused on a moral imperative. By marching for nine months across the United States, we will create a non-violent focus for positive change; the imperative being that nuclear weapons ar politically, socially, economically and morally unjustifiable, and that, in any number, they are unacceptable. It is the responsibility of a democratic government to implement the will of its people, and it is the will of the people of the United States and many other nations to end the nuclear arms race."
The marchers crossed the United States through California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland, and arrived in Washington, D.C. on November 14. Concluding ceremonies were held the following day in Meridian Park,followed by speeches in front of the White House, and closing ceremonies at the Lincoln Memorial.
The records of the Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament (GPM) include administrative minutes, departmental working papers, correspondence to and from the marchers, accounts, poetry, art, and songs by marchers, GPM literature including releases, periodicals, a marcher directory, and manuals, as well as memorabilia, photographs, video cassettes, and newsclippings.
Of special significance are the original, chronologically arranged collections of documents found in the City Council Notebooks (SERIES I) where there are C.C. minutes, memos, policies, etc., and the Peace City News Notebooks (SERIES IV) where there are, in addition to the daily newspaper, releases, flyers, correspondence, etc. These original
collections show a correct sequence of events as well as which documents were important to the marchers themselves.
Administrative documents include minutes from the Board of Directors (19 March 1986 - 4 May 1987) and the City Council (13 April 1986 - 6 November 1986), as well as judicial case documents, some of which are restricted for fifty years. Working papers of the departments and task forces include minutes, reports, memos, correspondence, and releases. There is a geographical file with material pertaining to different cities and states through which the GPM marched and marcher applications from the Entrance/Exit Department. There is additional correspondence to and from both the march as a unit and individuals in it.
A literature file contains the flyers, mailings, and other releases distributed by the GPM as well as its periodicals, including the daily Peace City News and a marcher directory, The Silver Thread. Journals, diaries, books, poetry, and songs as well as interviews and surveys give first-hand descriptions of the March. There are newsclippings, photographs, a documentary video cassette titled Just One Step: The Great Peace March (1988), and memorabilia presented to the March by city officials and the blue ribbon signed by marchers and wrapped around the Washington monument at the conclusion of the March.
Miscellaneous papers of Franklin Folsom and a separate series of documents pertaining to events after the March are also among the GPM records.
Correspondents include Allan Affeldt, Coleen Ashly, Daniel Chavez, Diane Clark, Evan Conroy, Ed Fallon, Franklin Folsom, Tom Johnson, Richard Polese, John Records, Mordecai Roth, and Dan Weinshenker.
-See list of items collected by GPM
- Blue ribbons used in Washington D.C.
-1 box of photographs
-360 slides by Khan Mahanm
Audio visual items
- Audio cassettes
-Video recordings (Including movie and out takes, by Cathy Zheutlin)
Arrangement of Collection
The Great Peace March derived from PRO-Peace (DG 152) so some documents from each group were moved to the other. Chronological order was used except in the Field Department geographical file and among such records as marcher applications where, in both instances, alphabetical order was used.
As discussed in the Scope and Content section, both the City Council Notebooks in SERIES I and the Peace City News Notebooks in SERIES IV are in original order. Much of the other GPM material received by SCPC was neither in notebooks nor in any kind of order. Much of it was subsequently arranged by placing together similar kinds of material, i.e., correspondence, periodicals, art, etc. The departmental origin of many of the working files was unknown.
The correspondence found in SERIES III was found unfiled within the collection. A significant quantity is also found scattered through the working files where it was found.
Franklin Folsom's scrapbooks of newsclippings were not photocopied as was done with the other newsclippings. Some of his papers are not in SERIES VIII but were placed with related material.
Some memorabilia was discarded, particularly souvenirs received along the route which were not peace-related, such as high school yearbooks and frisbees. Most memorabilia is housed in the Oversize section of SCPC.
Photographs and A-V materials are housed separately for conservation purposes. Locations are listed in SERIES IX.
Information about later accessions may be found at: Accession list.
Detailed Description of the Collection
SERIES I. ADMINISTRATION
Statements of Purpose, philosophy
Articles of incorporation
Organization charts, lists, planning documents
Policy Board minutes (March 1986)
Board of Directors
Minutes (March 19, 1986-May 4, 1987)
Ballots, tallies, etc.
Board of Directors' correspondence
Proposals to Board of Directors
Franklin Folsom's Board of Director's notes
Board of Directors miscellaneous
Official notebooks with following divisions:
Notes and notebooks of original, handwritten C.C. minutes
Notebook: "Policies of Peace City"
Notebook: Red Town "Comm 1" original minutes
Books 1 and 2: "Judicial Board Notes" (Handwritten minutes, June 9- November 10, 1986)
Requests for hearings
Cases heard and closed
Judicial Board miscellaneous
Policy statements, departmental memos, etc.
Conditions of restrictions for some cases
National Advisory Board
SERIES II. GPM DEPARTMENTS AND TASK FORCES
Financial statements and expense information
Community Interaction Department (C.I.D. or C.I.A.)
Departmental reports, policies, etc.
Notebook: "Community Interaction Planning"
Questionnaire: "Person on the Street Survey"
Lists of endorsers
Form letters of endorsement
Proclamations and welcomes from city officials and others
Other original files that may belong in C.I.D.
L.I.F.E. (Food Drive)
Girl and Boy Scouts
Blue Ribbon project
Mud Day (Unity Day - Nebraska. See also Geographical file)
Declaration of Life - Plan to Save the Planet Earth
Students for Social Responsibility
"Make a Difference" packet
Box 6 (Half box)
Problems and feelings on the March
Ethnic/Inner City Interaction
Functional Activity Leads
The Peace Wave (splinter group)
Policies, reports, and departmental memos
Evaluations of various regional efforts
Field Department, (continued)
Geographical files (includes planning documents, releases,
reports, correspondence, memos, miscellaneous)
Iowa (Mississippi Peace Cruise - July 30)
Nebraska (Mud Day, Heartland Peace Pilgrimage)
Nevada, New Jersey
New York (New York City)
Ohio (Cleveland, Toledo)
Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh, Philadelphia)
Utah (Spirit Walk)
Minutes: D.C. office meetings
Releases, events, general mailings
Communications from D.C. office
Interfaith Service (November 15)
Department of Energy action (November 17)
Policies and reports
Collective Vision (Musical group)
Notebook of procedures, evaluations, etc.
miscellaneous reports and policies
Reports and policies including Keys and Trees Ceremony
Marcher for a day
Direct Action Task Force
Religious Task Force
Reports and policies
School Project Notebook
Franklin Folsom's folder: "Education, schools, children"
Media Department (Public relations)
Electronic Mail ("Peace Net")
Departmental reports and policies
Marcher forms, policies, information
Manuals: Marcher Manual and new marcher orientation pamphlet
Full-time marcher list
"Up to 30 Days" marcher list
Other marcher lists
Marcher Networking Book (Nov. 13, 1986)
Correspondence with applicants
Marcher I.D.s, expense vouchers
Departmental reports, policies, memos, miscellaneous
Bulletin board communications
People Power (Work, Jobs)
Permits and licenses
Health and safety
Route maps (Beginning of GPM-Nov. 15)
Peace City scheduling sheets (weekly)
Mail: lists, policies, memos, correspondence, etc.
SERIES III. CORRESPONDENCE
To and from the GPM
To and from individual marchers
Letters from supporters after the Phil Donahue television show A B C D E-F G
Letters from supporters after the Phil Donahue television show H-I J-K L M (2 folders) N-O
Letters from supporters after the Phil Donahue television show P Q-R S (2 folders) T U-Z
Letters from supporters after the Phil Donahue television show No names Empty envelopes (2 folders)
SERIES IV. LITERATURE
Flyers, mailings, releases (March 1986 - date; undated)
Box 15 (Half box)
Flyers, mailings, releases: Press kits
Periodicals: (1986, many scattered)
Peace City News (Daily, April 3-November 21)
Notebooks (includes GPM printed material besides daily paper)
Memos, forms, policies, etc.
miscellaneous completed submissions to Peace City News
Morning Roundup (Daily, March 26-August 20)
News from the Great Peace March for Nuclear Disarmament (Weekly, April 9-September 23)
The Paper - A Peace City News Magazine Bi-weekly, cJune 5-September 26)
The Peace City Lampoon, "Humor, Satire, and Other Stuff for Adults" (June 15 and June 24)
The Weekly Peace, "An Info-Comm Publication" (April ? to July 11)
The Peace March Update (Monthly, May 20-November 26)
Greenskeepers (Clubb Hiram. June, July, September)
Marcher Directory: The Silver Thread (November 1986)
Updates (1987, 1988)
Alphabetical file of marchers' filled-out forms
Alphabetical file of marchers' filled-out forms (continued)
SERIES V. INFORMATION BY AND ABOUT MARCHERS
Accounts by marchers
List of books available at Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Short accounts by marchers
During the march
After the march
By "Chris" and Connie Fledderjohann
By Franklin Folsom
Tom Johnson's radio reports
Notes of Billy Lieb
Journal of Cynthia McGorrie
By June and Bill Thompson
Statement of Plan, Purpose and Vision for Peace City, a Prospectus, by Susan Larson (May 1986)
Collections by Dale Malleck and Maramis
As the Train Rolls By by Michael Krieger
Road Poems by Frank Sahlem
By Guy Colwell
Translations into Russian
By Franklin Folsom during GPM
Connie Fledderjohann's scrapbook: "Interviews with People along the Route of the Great Peace March"
"A Great Peace March Community Resource, Opinion and Idea Survey" (March 1986)
(Washington) "D.C. Plans Survey Questionnaire"
miscellaneous publicity about individual marchers
Completed marcher applications: Alphabetical file and miscellaneous
Completed marcher applications (continued) miscellaneous
SERIES VI. NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS
March - June 1986
July - November 1986 (and undated)
Box 26 (Half box)
Publicity from other organizations
"Great Peace March Scrapbook" by Franklin Folsom and Connie Fledderjohann. (Chronologically ordered newsclippings,
GPM periodicals, and a few releases)
SERIES VII. MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS OF FRANKLIN FOLSOM
Contents of chronological file containing GPM literature, some minutes, notes, etc.
Chronological file folders with dated references to Chris Ball's newsclipping book
Research material for book The Great Peace March by Franklin Folsom and Connie Fledderjohann with Gerda Lawrence (1988)
SERIES VIII. AFTER THE MARCH
Plans and proposals for after the march
Official documents about termination of the corporation, disposal of assets, etc.
Spinoffs from GPM
Peoples Peace Network
Peace film made by Cathy Zheutlin