Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081 U.S.A.

Another Mother for Peace
Records, l964-l985 (bulk 1967-1977)

Document Group: DG 102

Provenance:

Depositors: Another Mother for Peace 407 North Maple Drive, Beverly Hills, CA 902l0
Received: l975, l976, l980, l983, l986
Accessions: 75-l6l, l62; 75A-52, 53, l09; 80A-21; 83A-23; 86A-21

Size: 5.5 linear feet (1.64 meters)

Restrictions: Yes

Microfilm: None

Finding aid: Checklist prepared by Martha P. Shane (May l986)


These records were processed under a grant from the Ford Foundation.


Historical Introduction

Another Mother for Peace was a women's peace group born from the antipathy to the war in Vietnam. The stated purpose of this non-partison, non-profit organization was "to educate women to take an active role in eliminating war as a means of solving disputes between nations, people and ideologies." Dedicated to the principle that "war is obsolete", AMP encouraged its members to do peace homework by writing to elected government officials, expressing their desire for peace. The AMP logo, "War is not healthy for children or other living things", created by Lorraine Schneider, was prominent on its educational material and on medallions, peace notes, and greeting cards which were sold to raise money.

Another Mother for Peace began in March l967 when l5 women in Beverly Hills, frustrated by the escalation of the Vietnam war, printed l000 Mother's Day cards to send to their Congressmen. Two months later, by the end of May, 200,000 cards had been sold. With its profits, AMP started an Invest In Peace fund to support legislators who voted against war appropriations. Its main campaign throughout its existence was to establish a Department and Secretary of Peace as part of the executive branch whose purpose would be "to examine and evaluate the range of non-military alternatives" to war". In May l969, the first annual Mother's Day Assembly was held in Los Angeles. At that time, AMP also introduced a Pax Materna, "a permanent, irrevocable condition of amnesty and understanding among mothers of the world". The AMP logo was translated into twenty languages. Film and television celebrities, including Donna Reed, Debbie Reynolds, Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, and Dick Van Dyke appeared on national television to promote AMP causes. Three hundred and seventy thousand action newsletters were mailed in l969. That number increased to 405,000 in l970 as AMP's campaign against ABM, MIRV, and chemical biological warfare attracted more women to its membership. Former Miss America and Commissioner of Congressional Affairs in New York City Bess Myerson gave a speech, "You Don't Have to Buy War, Mrs. Smith", which was made into a film the following year. Seven thousand five hundred copies of Dr. Frederick L. Schuman's pamphlet "Why a Department of Peace?" were published and distributed. Gold Star mothers added their voices to the AMP drive to stop the war in Vietnam.

By l97l, AMP had a staff of l4. Co-chairmen Dorothy B. Jones and Barbara Avedon testified against the military budget before the Department of Defense Appropriations Sub-Committee. Invest in Peace contributions to Congressmen who voted for an early withdrawal from the war and against ABM and MIRV were continued. AMP urged an investigation of the oil leases off the coast of Vietnam, insinuating that the war was tied to business interests.

Support for Daniel Ellsberg and Tony Russo who released the Pentagon papers was organized. As the war in Vietnam slowed and finally stopped, AMP membership decreased, but this group of women continued to speak out against the escalation of the nuclear arms race, the military budget and nuclear pollution at home. AMP announced its intention to become inactive in January l979, but continued to send out its newsletter and other peace literature. Its last newsletter was mailed in the spring of l985. Its offices closed in January l986.


Scope and Contents

The Swarthmore College Peace Collection was the official repository for Another Mother for Peace until it disbanded in l986. Since this organization was most active during the Vietnam war years, its records provide a close look at the efforts of a women's group to influence government to stop the war.

The organization's Congressional and Senatorial Responses files (l967-l977) form the bulk of these records, containing both correspondence and printed releases in a separate folder for each Senator and Representative. Literature released by AMP (l967-l985) includes its newsletters (l967-l985), annual reports (l969-l978), flyers, mailings, fact sheets, peace datebooks, greeting cards, and pamphlets. Media releases include two films, "You Don't Have to Buy War, Mrs. Smith" and "Another Family for Peace". These and other sound tapes and sound disc recordings as well as photographs of various AMP events are found in the SCPC audio/visual section. There is also correspondence and other material about AMP campaigns, including its efforts to start a Department of Peace and about Mother's Day activities. Correspondence with members, Vietnam servicemen, Vietnam Gold Star and C.O. families and other individuals associated with AMP are also part of the AMP records.

Correspondents include Barbara Avedon, Dorothy Blass, Dorothy B. Jones, Florence Ain Kreig, Donna Reed, Roslyn Sobel, and Congressmen and Senators Alan Cranston, J. William Fulbright, Vance Hartke, Edward I. Koch, George McGovern, Wayne Morse, and William Proxmire.


Arrangement

The records of Another Mother for Peace were received in excellent order. The Congressional and Senatorial Responses files, except for the removal of duplicates and Congressional printed material found elsewhere in McCabe Library, are exactly as received. Series I through V were created to bring similar subject material together.

In Series III, campaigns, projects, and events, are arranged in chronological order. Not all releases are found in Series I. Many are in other parts of the collection with related material. The titles on folders are largely those of the AMP originators.


Checklist

Series I. RELEASES/PUBLICATIONS

Box 1

Annual reports (l969-l978)
Mailings (l967-l985)
Miscellaneous releases (l967-l984)
Press releases (l967-l975)
Reprints from newspapers and magazines (1967-1978)
Peace datebooks (l970-l972)
Pamphlets
Newsletters (l967-l985): Found with SCPC Retired
Periodicals
Sound tapes/motion pictures/photographs: Found with A/V material in basement


Series II. CORRESPONDENCE

Box 2

General (l967-l972)
International
With:

Universities
New AMP groups
Vietnam
Service men and women
Servicemen's families
Prisoners of War and Missing in Action
Gold Star parents and families

Box 3
Gold Star parents & families (con't)
Whitehorn C.O. Case (l969)
With other individuals, including misc. material:
Ramsey Clark
Olga Connolly
Dr. Ezra Ellis
Ernest Fitzgerald
Ruth Gage-Colby (AMP NGO Representative)
Dr. John Gofman
Elizabeth Hogan
Dr. Arnold A. Hutschnecker
Coretta Scott King
Dr. Arthur Larson
Harold Laswell
Roger Rapaport
David Schoenbrun
Frederick L. Schuman
Dr. Arthur Tamplin
Dr. George Wald

Series III. CAMPAIGNS/PROJECTS/EVENTS

Box 4
Department of Peace: (l967-l970)
Literature/releases
Publicity
Misc. correspondence
Clair Cook: Correspondence
Prisoners for Peace (l968)
McCarthy for President (l968)
NGO (Non Governmental Organizations) (l969-l973)
Eighteen year old vote (l969)
ABM: Releases/misc. correspondence (l969-l97l)
MIRV: Brooke's Resolution 211 (l970)
Consumer Campaign (l970)
Invest in Peace: Disbursements (l970)
Defense Analysis Project (Summer l970)
Washington D.C. trip to lobby for amendment to end the war (6/l4/70)
Anti-nuclear energy (l970-l972)
World Friendship Center (l97l-l973)
Vietnam - Offshore oil (l97l-l975)
Department of Peace (l973)
Chemical and Biological Warfare (c. l973)
No more aid to S. Vietnam - Congressional mail (l974-l975)
South Vietnamese students (l974)
Nixon impeachment (l974)

Box 5
Fund-raising projects
The Factory (ll/7/67)
PBX (Peace by Christmas) (l967)
Mother's Day card project (April l967)
Peace card kit (May and June l967)
World Mother's Day card (l969)
Holiday gift card mailings (December l969)
Cards/stickers/bumper stickers (l968-l976)
Mail procedures
Events
Mother's Day Conference (May l969)
Pax Materna (l970)
World Mother's Day Assembly (l970)
Mother's Day: Press (l970)
Mother's Day (l973)
Media events - Records about:
Film: "You Don't Have to Buy War, Mrs. Smith" with Bess Myerson (l97l, l972)
Film: "And Another Family for Peace" (l97l)
Proposed coda to film: "You Don't Have to Buy War, Mrs. Smith" (l972)
Radio program and book of letters: Pat and Daniel Ellsberg (l97l, l972)

Box 6
Radio program: "In the Name of Defense"
Miscellaneous media events

Series IV. PUBLICITY

Box 6 (cont.)
Radio (l969-l973)
Television (l968-l973)
Newspaper editors and columnists (l969-l972)
Newsclippings about AMP (l967-l974)

Series V. AWARDS TO AMP (1969, 1971)

Box 6 (cont.)

Series VI. CONGRESSIONAL AND SENATORIAL RESPONSES (l967-l977)

Box 7
White House correspondence (l968-l977)
Misc. responses from Congress (l975)
Department of Justice
Governors (l968)
Library of Congress (l97l)
Foreign cables on nuclear pollution (l972)
State Department (l969-l972)
Wives of Representatives (l969-l972)
Voting records and ratings of Representatives (l970)
Committees
Appropriations, House D.O.D. subcommittee
Armed Services Committee, House
Foreign Affairs Committee, House
House Resolution 1000 (to end war in Vietnam) (l979)
AMP mailings to House and Senate (through l970)
AMP mailings to House Committees (l97l)
House resolution to end the war (l97l)
Nedzi-Whalen Amendment to end the war House (6/17/71 roll vote)
Moorhead Ceiling Amendment, House (l970)
Government operations, House (l969)
U.S. Senators in office (Correspondence and literature)
AIKEN, George D. -- GOLDWATER, Barry

Box 8
GRAVEL, Mike -- MUSKIE, Edmund S.

Box 9
NELSON, Gaylord --YOUNG, Stephen
U.S. Senators out of office
ALLOTT, Gordon -- YARBOROUGH, Ralph

Box 10
U.S. House of Representatives in office
Clerk's Office
ABZUG, Bella -- HUTCHINSON, Edward

Box 11
JOELSON Charles S. -- VANDER JAGT, Guy

Box l2
VANIK, Charles A. -- YATES, Sidney R.
U.S. House of Representatives out of office
ABOUREZK, James -- MORSE, F. Bradford

Box 13
O'KONSKI, Alvin E. -- THOMPSON, Fletcher
Copies of bills

 



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