Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Esther Frankel Papers, 1948-1975

Collection: DG 097


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Frankel, Esther (birth date - death date)
Title
Esther Frankel Papers
Inclusive Dates
1948-1975
Call Number
DG 097

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
5 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Esther Strum Frankel was a New Jersey attorney in the firm of Frankel and Frankel (along with her husband, Leopold), a pacifist, and civil rights activist; member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, served as head its Human Rights Committee, especially active in its New Jersey branch; also involved with Women Strike for Peace and other reform movements relating to feminism and disarmament; specialized in civil rights litigation in the 1950s and Selective Service litigation in the 1960s.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
The military draft records in this collection are restricted until the year 2030. Researchers using personal information from these files must disguise the identity of the individuals concerned, and must sign a form agreeing to this stipulation.
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Esther Frankel, 1975 [Acc. 75A-155]
Processing Information
Processed by Anne Yoder, September 2004; This finding aid was prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, July 2009.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Esther Frankel Papers (DG 097), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors Records (DG 060)

Historical Background
Esther Strum Frankel was a New Jersey attorney in the firm of Frankel and Frankel (along with her husband, Leopold), a pacifist, and civil rights activist; member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, served as head its Human Rights Committee, especially active in its New Jersey branch; also involved with Women Strike for Peace and other reform movements relating to feminism and disarmament; specialized in civil rights litigation in the 1950s and Selective Service litigation in the 1960s.

Collection Overview
The collection contains case files and occasional correspondence of Frankel relating to her work handling civil liberties and selective service litigation. It includes subject file material mostly relating to conscientious objection, and the men who resisted the draft either before being drafted or after.

See also the Records of the Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors (DG 060)


Arrangement of Collection
Case files are organized alphabetically by the last name of the subject. Frankel's correspondence and case notes are organized chronologically. Box 7-12 contains general reference material on conscientious objection and other peace topics.





Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
General
Checklists; removal forms
Correspondence, 1948-1969
Writings (includes Letters to the Editor)
Cases
Berkowitz, Donald [Jewish C.O.], 1969-1970
Borisuk Jr., Andrew [C.O.], 1952-1953
Brown, Kenneth W. [re: hardship deferment], 1970
Buoni, Boni M. [C.O.], 1968
Clatterbaugh, Kennth [re: occupational deferment], 1966
DeLime III, Thomas Louis [C.O.]: correspondence, etc., 1952-1955
DeLime III, Thomas Louis: legal documents
Gennaro, Patricia [re: arrest for driving during air raid warning]: correspondence, etc., 1961
Gennaro, Patricia: legal documents

Box 2
Cases
Hacik, Kenneth P. [C.O.]: correspondence, etc., 1965-1968
Hacik, Kenneth P.: legal documents, 1967-1968
Hanley, Gary [re: psychological discharge], 1969-1970
Hayes, William [C.O.]: correspondence, etc., 1967-1968
Hayes, William: applications for C.O. status, 1965-1967
Hayes, William: legal documents, 1966?
Howard, Aaron W. [C.O.], 1967
James, Clarence [re: involuntary assignment to active duty because of unexcused absences while in the Air Force Reserves]: correspondence, etc., 1968-1971
James, Clarence: legal documents, 1970
Johannsen, Donald [re: psychiatric exam requested by parents after his first 5 months of active duty]: correspondence, etc., 1970
Kaczmarczyk, George [re: appeal by parents for transferal to base closer to home, because of their emotional difficulties as Holocaust survivors]: correspondence, etc., 1968
Krause, Michael [Jewish C.O.], 1966
Link, Steven [re: hardship deferment?], 1970

Box 3
Cases
Mango, Vincent John [C.O.; unqualified for military service], 1970-1971
Marchand, Jacques [army reservist seeking C.O. status], 1966
Matarazzo, James R. [re: appeal for deferment]: correspondence, etc., 1968-1970
Minerva, Gregory A. [re: appeal for deferment for health reasons]: correspondence, 1970-1971
Mirk, Patrick [re: appeal for deferment]: correspondence, etc., 1969-1970
Moore, Arthur R. [re: appeal for deferment]: correspondence, etc., 1970
Moore, Joseph T. [re: revoking of his teacher's license due to being a C.O.]: legal documents, 1954
Moore, Joseph T.: legal documents (cont.), 1954-1955
Morin, Philip A. [draft deserter], 1965-1967
Nigals, Ugis [C.O.], 1971
Pelak, Peter A. [C.O.; committed suicide in ca. 1973], 1970-1975
Pitt, Joel [Jehovah's Witness C.O.]: correspondence, etc., 1968-1971
Pitt, Joel: Draft Board documents, 1964-1968
Pitt, Joel: legal documents, 1970

Box 4
Cases
Pitt, Joel: legal documents, 1971
Pontier, Glenn [C.O.]: correspondence, etc., 1971-1973
Pontier, Glenn: Draft Board documents, etc. [includes statements by father Raymond], 1967-1972
Pontier, Glenn: legal documents, 1971-1972
Randy, Michael [Reservist granted honorable discharge because of mental stress]: correspondence, etc., 1970-1972
Rosenberg, Michael S., 1971
Salcedo, Enrique [re: erroneous enlistment]: correspondence and legal documents, 1969-1970
Semar, Jeremy [re: educational deferment], 1971
Sgalitzer, George W. [re: medical discharge], 1970
Shattuck, Jack Engel [Jewish C.O.], 1968
Shuchter, Peter M. [C.O.]: correspondence, etc., 1971
Shuchter, Peter M.: statements, etc., 1964-1968
Shuchter, Peter M.: Draft Board documents, 1964-1967

Box 5
Cases
Shuchter, Peter M.: Draft Board documents, 1968
Shuchter, Peter M.: legal documents
Spencer, Dean E. [C.O.], 1967-1968
Spiro, Stephen [C.O.]: correspondence, etc., 1967-1968
Spiro, Stephen: legal documents, etc.
Thornton, Arthur E. [C.O.], 1954
Trimble, David [16 year old charged with disobeying order to take shelter during civilian defense drill], 1961
Viani, Dennis [re: educational deferment], 1970
Walker, Cranston [airman court-martialed for possession of opium]: correspondence, etc., 1969

Box 6
Cases
Walker, Cranston: record of court-martial trial
Wardlow, William C. [C.O.], 1969
Whalen, Joseph P. [C.O.], 1970-1971
White, Richard W. [Reservist seeking C.O. status], 1967
White, Christine [student nurse in Reserves seeking discharge in order to marry], 1968
Zeus, Alexander [re: whether time in Reserves counted toward fulfillment of military obligation], 1969-1971
Drew University civil disobedience during civil defense alert [Theodore Olson, Kenneth Williams, Louis Rowley, Robert Goff, Gary Klempnauer, Gerow Reece], 1960
Correspondence and notes re: cases, 1950s
Correspondence and notes re: cases, 1966-1967
Correspondence and notes re: cases, 1968
Correspondence and notes re: cases, 1969
Correspondence and notes re: cases, 1970 (January-June)
Correspondence and notes re: cases, 1970 (July-December)
Correspondence and notes re: cases, 1971-1972

Box 7
Reference Material re: Conscientious Objection
General
Law reviews/articles
Excerpts from government sources
Probationary sentences for COs convicted of violating the Selective Service Act of 1948
GI resistance/protest
Religious statements
Paper "Conscientious Objection in the Early Christian Church" by Kenneth Rawson and Charles Redeker, September1954
Statements of COs
Court cases for various COs, 1951-1954
Court cases for various COs, 1967-1968, 1971
Augsburger Tool and Dye Co. efforts re: registrants Walter Scheffler and Murray Laufer, 1956-1959
Beatty Jr., Leroy [C.O.]: court case document, ca. 1968
Berman, Daniel [re: educational exemption]: court case documents, ca. 1952
Brown, Howell Rayful [Jehovah's Witness C.O.]: court case document, ca. 1969
Bucher Jr., Henry Hale (et.al.) [re: baseless reclassification], 1968
Collura, John Angela [C.O.], 1942-1943
Head, Thomas Vernon [Church of Christ C.O.]: Supreme Court case document, October 1952
Hein, Henry Gustav: court case document, Nov. 1952
Henderson, Herman, William Wildman, Richard Shufflebarger, and Charles Frantz [COs]: court case document, ca. 1952
Horst, Peter Scott [C.O.]: court case document, 1957
Knox, Lloyd Luke [C.O.]: court case document, ca. 1952
Neenan, Kevin [re: refusal to submit to induction for medical reasons; dismissal of complaint], 1973

Box 8
Reference Material re: Conscientious Objection
Nugent, Harry Gray [C.O.]: court case documents, ca. 1952
Petersen, Norman Lloyd [re: procedural errors in classification by Local Draft Board], 1968
Relyea, James Johnston [C.O.]: court case document, February 18, 1952
Straut, Rev. Charles, Rev. Ivan Backer and Dorothy Mock [re: NJ law prohibiting anyone from advocating non-enlistment in the Armed Forces or in assisting U.S. in its war efforts], ca. 1967
Switkes, Daniel A.: amici curae brief, ca. 1969?
Warren, Dr. Wirt [re: father who counseled his stepson not to register for draft]: Supreme Court case document, October 1949
Zimmerman, David P. [C.O.], ca. 1969?
Reference Material by Subject
Abortion
Black power/revolution

Box 9
Reference Material by Subject
Capital punishment
Capital punishment -- New Jersey public hearings, 1957
Capital punishment -- New Jersey public hearings, 1958 [2 folders]
CIA
Civil defense / fallout shelters
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Decentralization
Disarmament [2 folders]

Box 10
Reference Material by Subject
Draft resistance [2 folders]
Education and peace
International relations
Macro-analysis
Motion pictures – peace topics
Pollution / nuclear testing
Racism
Socialism (and the Communist Party)
Tax reform
Tension areas
United Nations
University/college political programs and activities
War crimes
Women
Miscellaneous

Box 11
Reference Material By Country
China
Germany
India
Israel / Middle East [2 folders]
Japan
Japan – World Conf. Against A and H Bombs
Vietnam [3 folders]

Box 12
Reference Material By Organization
American Civil Liberties Union
American Civil Liberties Union, New Jersey
American Friends Service Committee
Brethren, Church of the
Clergy and Laity Concerned (CALC)
Committee for Nonviolent Action
Committee for World Devt. and World Disarmament
Esperanto Movement
International Association of Democratic Leagues
Jewish Peace Fellowship
Koinonia
Lawyers Committee on American Policy Towards Vietnam
Legal Action Fund for Peace
National Council Against Conscription
National Mobilization Committee
National Service Board for Religious Objectors / Nationaal Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors
New York Draft and Military Law Panel
Political Education Project
Promoting Enduring Peace
Wednesdays in Washington
Workers Defense League
War Resiters International / War Resisters League



This file was last updated on July 25, 2012.