Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Belva Ann Lockwood Papers, 1878-1992

Collection: DG 098
[List of Original Documents Only]


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (curator)
Fax: 610-690-5728
Email: wchmiel@swarthmore.edu (curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Lockwood, Belva Ann, (1830-1917)
Title
Belva A. Lockwood Papers
Inclusive Dates
1878-1913
Call Number
DG 098

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
2.5 linear inches [papers only]
Abstract
Belva Ann McNall Lockwood (1830-1917), was the first woman attorney to practice before the Supreme Court. Lockwood. She personally lobbied members of Congress to pass a special act admitting women to the bar of the Court. Lockwood first practiced before the Court in 1879. She ran for the U.S. presidency in 1884 and 1888, being the first woman to have a complete, national campaign for that office. From the 1870s onward Lockwood was active with the radical peace group, the Universal Peace Union, representing the organization at several international peace congresses.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Yes
Usage Restrictions
Yes, photocopies of documents should be used instead of originals in most cases. Original documents and photographs are separate and restricted, but may be used with permission of Curator.
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, photographs, CD
Acquisitions Information
Gift of
Devere Allen, Lella Crum Gardner, and others, 1949, 1950s
Processing Information
Processed by Peace Collection staff, last revised: April 2008..
Preferred Citation
Belva A. Lockwood Papers (DG 098), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
Universal Peace Union Records (DG 038)
International Peace Bureau
Collected Records (CDG-B Switzerland)

Historical Background
Belva Ann McNall Lockwood (1830-1917), was the first woman attorney to practice before the Supreme Court. Lockwood. She personally lobbied members of Congress to pass a special act admitting women to the bar of the Court. Lockwood first practiced before the Court in 1879. Among other cases, Lockwood successfully represented the Eastern Cherokee Indians in an five million dollar suit before the Court. She also represented hundreds of family members of Civil War veterans in their pension claims.

Lockwood was also an ardent supporter of women's rights. She lectured and toured the country in attempts to gather support for woman suffrage. In 1884, and again in 1888, she was the Presidential candidate for the National Equal Rights Party, capturing over 4,000 votes in six states. Her other feminist activities included serving as president of the Woman's National Press Association, and being appointed Attorney General of the American Woman's Republic, an organization founded by Marietta Stowe and dedicated to preparing women for the rights and responsibilities of full citizenship.

As an executive board member of the Universal Peace Union, Lockwood attended many international peace congresses. She wrote tracts on international arbitration and was one of the early nominating members of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee.

Collection Overview
The Papers of Belva Ann Lockwood are an assortment of writings both by and about her. The papers include correspondence (1885-1915), pamphlets, manuscripts, and newspaper and journal articles. The bulk of the correspondence is between Lockwood and Alfred H. Love of the Universal Peace Union, and from Lockwood to her nephew, Frank Gardner, and his wife Lella Gardner. A few of Lockwood's writings and law briefs are in the collection. Much of Lockwood's office files and personal papers were destroyed soon after her death.

The manuscripts consist primarily of personal accounts by Lockwood of speeches and important law cases. Newspaper clippings and articles document Lockwood's involvement in the woman suffrage and peace movements, as well as her legal and political activities. Many of the later clippings are biographical summaries celebrating her life. There is a small amount of material about the American Woman's Republic.

Correspondents in this collection include: Arabella Carter, Amanda Deyo, Lella Crum Gardner, and Alfred H. Love.

Later materials include activities surrounding the Belva Lockwood U.S. postage stamp, issued in 1986, and biographical writings about her life and work.

Items removed: Photographs, consisting mostly of portraits of Lockwood from the 1870s to (circa) 1910.

Arrangement of Collection
This finding aid lists only the original documents owned by the Peace Collection. For the list of complete Peace Collection holdings on Lockwood please see the full finding aid.

Original documents and photographs may be viewed with permission of the Curator.



Detailed Description of the Collection

SERIES I: Biographical material and Correspondence
Biographical material
National Equal Rights Party Nomination Announcement (2 items), 1884
Flyer, "Belva Lockwood, Emninent Barrister of Washington, D.C.," January 29, 1892 (2 copies)
Program, Lockwood's L.L.D. degree from Syracuse University, June 10, 1909 (2 copies)
Card for unveiling of Lockwood's portrait, February 10, 1913
Tribute to Lockwood unveiling of portrait, February 10, 1913 (3 copies, one with letter from Ellen Burroughs Foster to Lella Gardner
Belva Ann Lockwood, by Allen C. Clark, Columbia Historical Society, 1935
Correspondence
Correspondence f rom BAL to Frank and Lella Gardner (1911-1913)
Belva A. Lockwood to Frank Gardner, October 23, 1911
Belva A. Lockwood to Frank Gardner, October 30, 1911
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, March 27, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, April 7, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, May 2, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, August 11, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, November 4, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, November 10, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, November 18, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, December 1, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, December 30, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, January 5, 1913
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, January 12, 1913
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, March 30, 1913
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, May 9, 1913
Belva A. Lockwood to Lella Gardner, May 13, 1913
Correspondence between BAL and Alfred H. Love and his family (1901-1913)
Belva A. Lockwood to Alfred Love, July 7, 1901
Belva A. Lockwood to Alfred Love, May 19, 1902
Belva A. Lockwood to Alfred Love, February 12, 1905
Belva A. Lockwood to Alfred Love, March 15, 1912
Belva A. Lockwood to Alfred Love, August 29, 1910
Belva A. Lockwood to Family of Alfred Love, July 20, 1913
Correspondence between BAL and others (1903-1914)
Belva A. Lockwood to Arabella Carter, September 5, 1903
Belva A. Lockwood to Charles F. Scott, March 31, 1908
Belva A. Lockwood to Amos R. Ellis, April 13, 1911
Belva A. Lockwood to Joel Borden, July 21, 1914
W. R. Hollister to Belva A. Lockwood, December 21, 1914

SERIES II: Writings by Lockwood

Writings by BAL, published
"Brief of Belva Lockwood, Probate of Myra Clark Gaines," Supreme Court, New York, 1893
" Paper presented by Belva A. Lockwood to the Congress of Law Reform and the Fifth International Peace Congress, August, 1893
"The Growth of Peace Principles, Triennial Woman's Council, February 1895
"A Resume of International Arbitration, National Conference, April 1896
"Arbitration and the Treaties, August 1897 [damaged]
"Peace and the Outlook, An American View," 1899 (3 copies)
"Peace Sunday"
"The Hague Arbitration Court, A Supplement to Peace and the Outlook," 1901
"Amended Petition,"The Eastern and Emigrant Cherokees vs. the United States," United States Court of Claims, 1903
"Brief, for te Eastern and Emigrant Cherokees," Supreme Court of the United States, 1905
"A Chapter in History," The Central American Peace Congress, 1908 (2 copies)
Writings by BAL, manuscripts and miscellaneous
United States vs. Wm. H. Hale (Lottery Appeal) (1 page)
Peace Meeting, The Hague Conference, May 1902 (27 pages)
The Eastern Cherokee Case, 1903, (1 page)
The 11th Interparliamentary Conference, Vienna, September 1903 (10 pages)
For the Thirteenth Universal Peace Congress "Pacigerance" or Peace Making by States, 1904 (3 pages)
Mrs. Lockwood, and the late Associate Justice Knott of the Court of Claims, Now Retired, n.d. (11 pages)
How I Helped to Settle the Shirt Waist Strike in Philadelphia, 1909 (4 pages)
For Biography: Mrs. Emmetta Humphreys, Administratrix of the estate of General John Sevier, 1910 (2 pages)
Humphrey Adminx. vs. U.S. [and on same pages] Diploma
[description of Lockwood's law career], 1910 (3 pages)

SERIES III: Writings About Lockwood
Writings
Congressional Record, "Legal Disabilities of Women," February 22, 1878
Equal Franchise Bulletin, Vol. 1 No. 4, August 1, 1912, Souvenir Number
Entry for new edition of Women of Science (1912?), Entry for Who's Who in America 1912(?)
"A Distinguished Woman Honored, Mrs. Belva Ann Lockwood, Barrister At Law, the First Female LL.D. in America," press release given at the unveiling of BAL portrait by Nellie Mathes Horne, 1913
Other
American Woman's Republic - Brief Prospectus

Photographs
Photocopies of photographs [originals are located in the FHL cage area with original Lockwood manuscripts]



This file was last updated on December 8, 2009.