Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America: Committee on the Conscientious Objector Records, 1941-1946

Collection: DG 048


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America: Committee on the Conscientious Objector
Title
Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America: Committee on the Conscientious Objector Records
Inclusive Dates
1941-1946
Call Number
DG 048

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
3.75 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
The Federal Council of Churches organized its Committee on the Conscientious Objector under its Department of International Justice and Goodwill in 1941. The Committee was interested in all aspects of conscientious objection, especially religious life in Civilian Public Service camps. Among the Committee's projects was the organizing of a program of visitation to CPS camps.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of National Service Board for Religious Objectors, 1952
Processing Information
Processed by SCPC staff; Checklist revised by Anne Yoder, April 2001; this version of finding aid created by Wendy E. Chmielewski, October 2009.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America: Committee on the Conscientious Objector Records (DG 048), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
National Council of Churches / USA Collected Records (which includes files from its predecessor organization, the Federal Council of Churches, 1908-1950)

Historical Background
The Federal Council of Churches organized its Committee on the Conscientious Objector under its Department of International Justice and Goodwill in 1941 (circa). Bishop Oxnam was Chair of the Committee, and Dr. Walter Van Kirk was Secretary. Members of the Committee were nominated by the member churches of the Federal Council and appointed by the Council's President. The Committee was represented in NSBRO in a consultative capacity from January 17, 1941, to which it gave financial support or organized support from denominations. Grover Hartman, a C.O. who was released from CPS for detached service, came to the office in May 1944 to work with Dr. Van Kirk. His salary was paid from contributions made by the churches represented on the Committee. Hartman had earned an M.A. from American University and had worked as a teacher and a leader in the field of religion. He was working on his PhD. when he was drafted and sent to a CPS camp.

The Committee was interested in all aspects of conscientious objection, especially religious life in CPS camps. Among the Committee's projects was the organizing of a program of visitation to CPS camps.

In 1952, A. Staunton Curry, the Executive Secretary of NSBRO, wrote to the SCPC that he felt that the Committee's files should be deposited in the Peace Collection. The curator visited Dr. Van Kirk's office in Dec. 1952 and selected the records to transfer to the archives. The bulk of the Federal Council of Churches' archives is at the Presbyterian Historical Society in Philadelphia (PA) [they have nothing on the Committee on the Conscientious Objector].

The Committee's archival records were re-processed in April 2001 for the purpose of better preservation measures and to arrange the material in a more comprehensible format. At that time, material regarding the Federal Council of Church that did not relate to the Committee was removed.

Items removed:
Photographs removed to the Photograph Collection

Arrangement of Collection
The Committee's archival records were re-processed in April 2001 for the purpose of better preservation measures and to arrange the material in a more comprehensible format. At that time, material regarding the Federal Council of Church that did not relate to the Committee was removed.




Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
General
Relationship with NSBRO (National Service Board for Religious Objectors)
Meeting minutes, 1941 (January) - 1944 (January)
Conference on C.O. matters, New York (NY), 1944 (November 2)
Conference on the C.O., New York (NY), May 14, ____
Publicity-Information Conference, Washington (DC), 1944 (January 12)
Correspondence with Committee members, 1941-1947
Financial records and correspondence, 1942-1945
Financial records and correspondence: administration of funds for NSBRO given by denominations [includes other subjects as well], 1941Work in office by C.O. Grover Hartman
[note: most of the files from here on were generated by Grover Hartman]
Reports
Writings of Grover Hartman
General correspondence, 1941-1944
Correspondence with Roland Bainton, 1944 (April - May)

Box 2
General
Correspondence with government officials, 1944-1946
General correspondence, 1945-1946
Correspondence, etc. re: literature requests
Correspondence, etc. re: production of and orders for pamphlet "The Church and Returning Conscientious
Objectors" [file includes copy of pamphlet] Correspondence, etc. With Denominations/Groups
Miscellaneous denominations/churches
American Baptist Home Mission
American Civil Liberties Union's National Committee on Conscientious Objectors
American Friends Service Committee, 1943-1946
American Friends Service Committee re: CPS
Brethren Service Committee, 1945-1946
Congregational Christian Churches
CPS Union
Disciples of Christ (United Christian Mission Society), 1942-1945
Episcopal Church
Evangelical Church
Evangelical and Reformed Church
Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1943-1946

Box 3
Correspondence, etc. With Denominations/Groups
Mennonite Central Committee, 1945-1946
Methodist Church
NSBRO, 1941-1946
NSBRO: form letters received

Box 4
Correspondence, etc. With Denominations/Groups
Presbyterian Church, 1943-1944
Veterans League of America
War Resisters League
Correspondence, etc. re: C.O. Subjects
Amnesty for COs, 1945-1946
Amnesty for COs: correspondence with denominations/churches
Civilian bonds, 1942
Classification of COs
C.O. cases: Charles E.S. Ridgway, 1943
C.O. cases: Clyde W. Summers, 1945
Dependents of COs
Detached service
Job opportunities for demobilized COs, 1945-1946
Non-combatants, 1944-1945
Parole and/or prison terms for COs, 1943-1946
Selective Service, 1943-1945

Box 5
Correspondence, etc. re: C.O. Subjects
Status of COs, 1946
Voluntary Service Projects
Correspondence, etc. re: CPS
Chaplains and/or religious services in camps, 1943-1944
Form letters and lists re: pastoral visits to camps, 1944-1946
Finding pastors to visit camps, etc.
Set-up or reports of pastoral visits to camps, 1944-1946
Pastors who declined to visit CPS
camps
Camps #1-4
Camp #5 (Colorado Springs, CO)
Camps #10-19 [none for #6-9]
Camps #20-26
Camps #27-29

Box 6
Correspondence, etc. re: CPS
Camps #30-39
Camps #40-45
Camp #46 (Big Flats, NY)
Camps #47-48
Camp #49 (Philadelphia, PA)
Camps #50-51
Camp #52 (Powellsville, MD)
Camps #53-59
Camps #60-67
Camp #68 (Norwich, CT)
Camps #69-75
Camp #76 (Glendora, CA)
Camps #77-79
Camp #80 (Lyons, NJ)
Camps #81-84
Camps #85-89
Camps #90-99
Camps #100-103
Camps #104-110
Camp #111 (Mancos, CA)
Camp #111 (Mancos, CA): installing and removing Rev. Christian Kehl as camp chaplain, 1943

Box 7
Correspondence, etc. re: CPS
Camp #111 (Mancos, CA): installing and removing Rev. Christian Kehl as camp chaplain, 1944
Camps #112-114
Camp #115 [human guinea pig experiment units]
Camps #116-119
Camps #120-1927
Camp #128 (Lapine, OR)
Camp #129 (Pennhurst, PA)
Camp #130 (Pownal, ME)
Camp #131 (Cherokee, IA)
Camps #132-134
Camp #135 (Germfask, MI)
Camps #136-140
Correspondence, etc. re: CPS Subjects
Dairy testers and farms
Demobilization of COs at camps, 1944-1946
Detached service, 1942-1944 [hospital service, farm work, etc.]
Evaluations of CPS
Financial support for camps, 1943-1944
Frozen fund

Box 8
Correspondence, etc. re: CPS Subjects
Fundraising and denominational support for camps
Government-run camps
Human guinea pig experiments
Pay and workers comp.
Race relations/policy at camps [includes survey]
Special projects
Strikes at camps
Theological students in CPS camps
Training school conferences
Reference
General
Mailing lists
Statements issued by denominations re: COs and/or CPS

Box 9 (1/2 box)
Reference
Statements issued by denominations re: COs and/or CPS: compilations
Lists re: COs and CPS [camps established; religious affiliation; etc.]
Legislation affecting COs
Court hearings / testimony of COs

Box 10 (1/2 box)
Scrapbook of Grover Hartman, 1943-1945
Subject areas [contains mostly newspaper clippings, except where noted]

Universal Military Training / Peacetime Conscription
- Articles favoring conscription
- General articles in file
- List of pamphlets and articles opposing conscription on file
- Alternatives: universal abolition of conscription; attack on basic problems
- Congressional expressions
- Conscription and democracy
- Contrary to American way
- Step toward total regimentation
- The American Legion favors total manpower mobilization
- Economic arguments
- Effects on world order and peace aims
- Effects on world organization (positive arguments)
- Negative effects on world order and peace aims
- Educational bodies -- opposed
- Expressions of youth groups
- Agricultural organizations -- opposed
- Labor groups -- opposed
- Relation to national defense
- Post-war military establishment
- The moral issue
- Physical effects
- Public opinion polls
- Statements of religious bodies -- opposed
- Statements in behalf of compulsory training
- Statements favoring conscription
- Statements favoring training
- General statements in opposition
- Service men on conscription [includes letter/s]
- Service men and veterans expressions [includes letter/s]
Notes [of Hartman] etc. re: interviews, visits to CPS camps etc., and conferences attended
COs volunteer
Japanese-Americans
Governmental expressions on world organization
Methodist Church
Theological students
Selective Service System on theological students
Foreign service for COs
Draft information
Popular expressions on world organization
ACCLU and NCCO
For severe treatment of Axis powers
Evangelical Church and COs
Legal status of COs
Church of the United Brethren in Christ
Congregational Christian Church
Reformed Church
Catholics and COs
Germany
General observations on COs
British and Canadian COs
Racial tensions
Case of Henry Weber [Socialist CO]



This file was last updated on October 6, 2009.