Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Hugh Richardson Papers, 1905-1934

Collection: DG 032


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Richardson, Hugh (1864 - 1936)
Title
Hugh Richardson Papers
Inclusive Dates
1905-1934
Call Number
DG 032

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
1 linear foot [papers only]
Abstract
Hugh Richardson was born in England in 1864. He was a science instructor, lecturer, editor and author. During World War I, he visited prisoner-of-war camps in Scotland on behalf of the Emergency Committee of the Society of Friends and sent the prisoners seeds, linoleum, a sheet of rubber for printing, a stereoscope, a kaleidescope, writing tablets, and books. He lobbied for the non-payment of taxes until the end of the war, proposed disarmament by general agreement, and was against supporting scientific research that promoted military science.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Colin S. Richardson of Northumberland, England, 1943
Processing Information
Checklist revised by Anne Yoder, August 1997; finding aid prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, August 2009
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Hugh Richardson Papers (DG 032), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
Bertram Pickard Collected Papers (CDG-B Great Britain)

Historical Background
Hugh Richardson was born at Newcastle on Tyne in England in 1864. He attended Cambridge King's College from 1884-1887, and later earned an M.A. (from Cantebury?). He was a science instructor, lecturer, editor and author. As a member of the Society of Friends he was vitally interested in the cause of peace and internationalism. During World War I, he visited prisoner-of-war camps in Scotland on behalf of the Emergency Committee of the Society of Friends and sent the prisoners seeds, linoleum, a sheet of rubber for printing, a stereoscope, a kaleidescope, writing tablets, and books. He lobbied for the non-payment of taxes until the end of the war, proposed disarmament by general agreement, was against supporting scientific research that promoted military science, tried to work out a mathematical formula for weighting votes in a universal government, thought there was a relation between the weather and political events, and was interested in how ornithology was related to military invasions.

Richardson was married to Mabel Spence-Watson. Their children were Mary Foster, Colin Spence, and Esther Watson. Richardson died in 1936.

Collection Overview
The Hugh Richardson collection consists of letters written to Richardson by peace leaders -- such as Horace Alexander of the Peace Committee of the Society of Friends and Carl Heath of the National Peace Council -- and others, as well as letters regarding Richardson's visits to prisoners-of-war (mostly from internees in the camps, thanking Richardson for his letters, visits and gifts). It also contains Richardson's manuscript articles and play, his travel journals, periodicals in German from prisoner-of-war camps in Scotland and the Isle of Man, and miscellaneous material.

Items removed:

Arrangement of Collection





Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
Biographical information
Correspondence from Hugh Richardson, 1914-1915, undated
Correspondence to Hugh Richardson, 1911-1934, undated
Correspondence re: visits to prisoner-of-war camps and from prisoners-of-war, 1917-1918 [most letters are pasted in a notebook entitled "From Inside the Stacheldraht: [barbed wire]: Passed by the Censor." Also pasted are three photographs - two of groups of men, and one of a 1915 Christmas exhibition / display room at the Stob camp]

 
Box 2
Manuscript writings, 1907-1934, undated:
"The Science of Peace"
"The Opportunities of the Crisis";
"At Last"; "Recruiting"
"Belgian Relief"
"Alternatives to / Substitutes for War"
"Fundamental Fallacies";
"Reason for Enlistment"
"Character, Its Analysis and Measurement in C.G.S. Units"
"The General Election"
"The Metastable State"
"An International Gold Coinage"
"The Fabric of the World That Is To Be"
"War and Eugenics"; "Taxation of Earned Income"
"Disarmament and International Law"
"Science and the Societe des Nations"; "Revision"
"Stages of Intelligence"
"What Should We Teach About Peace"
"Character and Discipline"
"Memoire a Accompagner les Bases Proposees"
"Militia Ballot - Exemption or Alternatives"
"What is the Union of Democratic Control"
"Manifesto"; "No. 428 Treaty"
"La Base pour une Juste Paix"
"Terms of Settlement"; "Fools, Slaves or Freemen"
"Nationality No Final Solution"
"States of Mixed Nationality"; "General Strike or General Holiday"
"Needless Obstacles to European Reconstruction"
"Raw Materials for Reconstruction"; "Christian Warfare"; "Outward Light and Inward Darkness"
"The Only Way"
"Belgium"
"Hit First, Hit Hard, Hit Anywhere"
"Nationalism and Internationalism"
"Willing Service"
"Ich, Ebengild der Gottheit"
"The Fabric of the World That is to Be"
"Fundamental Fallacies"
"All Fools Day"
"Terra Incognita"
Miscellaneous writings: Includes pamphlet International Co-Operation published by Richardson in 1902
 
Box 3
Travel journals, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1931
Manuscript peace play "Mary in England, or the Gods Weekending"
Reference material
Periodicals (1915-1919) in notebook entitled: "Stobsiade Zeitung des Deutschen Kriegsgefan=Genen-Leagers Stobs in Schottland/under der zu ihm Gehoerigen Arbeitslager" ["Stobsiade Periodical of the German Prisoner of War Camp, Stobs in Scotland, and the Adjacent Work Camp (Associated Work Camps?)"]:
Stobsiade a>(known under various titles):
-- Stobsiade: Stobser Zeitung
[Stobsiade: the Stob Journal]
-- Stobsiade: Halbmonatsschrift des deutschen Gefangenen-Lagers Stobs, Schottl. [Stobsiade: Semi-monthly Paper of the German Prisoner-of-War Camp of Stob, Scotland]
-- Stobsiade: Zeitung des deutshen Kriegsgefangenen-Lagers Stobs in Schottland [Stobsiade: Journal of the German Prisoner-of-War Camp of Stob, Scotland]
- The following issues are available on line:
--- 1915 September 5
--- 1915 October 24
--- 1915 November 14
--- 1916 May 10
--- 1916 November 5
--- 1917 July
--- 1917 December
--- 1918 April
--- 1918 October - November
--- 1919 January - February
Knockaloe-Lager-Zeitung: Zeitschrift es Zivil-Gefangenen-Lagers Knockaloe, Isle of Man [Knockaloe Camp Newspaper: Periodical of the Knockaloe Civil Prisoners' Camp at Knockaloe, Isle of Man]
- The following issues are available on line:
--- 1916 November 18
--- 1917 March 1


This file was last updated on June 13, 2014.