Swarthmore College Peace Collection

New York Peace Society Records, 1818-1940

Collection: DG 026


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
New York Peace Society
Title
New York Peace Society Records
Inclusive Dates
1818-1940
Call Number
DG 026

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
7.25 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
The New York Peace Society was the first peace society in the United States beginning in 1815, and lasting in various incarnations until 1940.

Additional resources on the various incarnations of the New York Peace Society may be found in the records of the American Peace Society and the Universal Peace Union.


Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, on microfilm reels 79.1-79.12
Acquisitions Information
Gift of The New York Peace Society and the World Alliance for International Friendship through Religion (after the two organizations merged)
Processing Information
Prepared by Peace Collection staff; updated by Wendy E. Chmielewski, January 2005; revised by Anne Yoder, August 2005; finding aid prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone, August 2009
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the New York Peace Society Records (DG 026), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
American Peace Society Records (DG 003)
Universal Peace Union (DG 038)

Historical Background
The New York Peace Society (New York Peace Society), organized by David Low Dodge in the summer of 1815, was the first peace society in the United States. The Society existed in four different stages, beginning in 1815, and lasting until 1940. In 1828, the first New York Peace Society became a branch of the American Peace Society. Subsequent to this merger, a second society was begun in New York City in 1837, lasting until about 1844. This group was active in advocating for arbitration in the dispute of U.S. claims against Mexico. In 1844, a third New York Peace Society was organized, but it soon disbanded (exact dates are unknown). Other forms of a group with the same name existed through the second half of the nineteenth century, one forming a branch of the Universal Peace Union.

In 1906, the New York contingent of the Lake Mohonk Conference on International Arbitration initiated reorganization of the New York Peace Society. In February of that year a constitution was adopted and Oscar S. Strauss was elected President. Charles H. Levermore was Secretary of the organization from 1917 until 1924. Andrew Carnegie was one of its foremost supporters. The name was changed, from the Peace Society of the City of New York, to the New York Peace Society, at the time of incorporation in 1910. In October 1940, the New York Peace Society voted to merge with the World Alliance for International Friendship Through Religion, and in November of that same year the World Alliance agreed to the merger.

Additional resources on the various incarnations of the New York Peace Society may be found in the records of the American Peace Society and the Universal Peace Union.

Collection Overview
Material in the SCPC includes minutes and annual reports, correspondence, yearbooks, membership lists, miscellaneous forms and lists, pamphlets, and four scrapbooks, three of which relate to the National Arbitration and Peace Congress, held in 1907. The material was transferred to the SCPC in 1940, at the time when the Society was merged into the World Alliance for International Friendship Through Religion. Included are the documents of the Society's work in organizing the League to Enforce Peace, during World War I.

Items removed:
Four scrapbooks (not filmed) were removed to the Oversized Items Collection: Scrapbooks. These date from 1904-1909, 1909-1911, 1911-1912, 1912, and 1918-1919.
A large white-bordered American flag (not filmed) was removed to the Oversized Items Collection: Banners [details: wool & muslim; contains 48 stars; 16 feet, 3 inches x 27 feet 1 inches; border of 32 inches x 45 inches]

Arrangement of Collection
The SCPC has treated the various incarnations of the New York Peace Society as one organization in the arranging of the files. The New York Peace Society records from the first half of the twentieth century are the most extensive. Records are arranged into three major sections: the first section contains the nineteenth century material, organized chronologically, and twentieth century administrative records; the second section contains New York Peace Society correspondence from the first half of the twentieth century; the third section of files contains material about various early twentieth century peace congresses and conferences, sponsored or supported by the New York Peace Society.

 




Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1 [mf reel 79.1]
New York Peace Society [I], 1815 (August) - 1828
New York Peace Society [II], 1837 - circa 1843
New York Peace Society [III], 1844-??
New York Peace Society [IV], 1906-1940: history, papers of incorporation, etc.
New York Peace Society [IV]: report of Executive Committee, June 4, 1912
New York Peace Society [IV]: membership lists
New York Peace Society [IV]: by-laws
New York Peace Society [IV]: Meeting Minute Book, 1906-1910
New York Peace Society [IV]: Meeting Minute Book, 1910 (continued) -1916
New York Peace Society [IV]: meeting minutes & annual reports, 1924 - 1940 (October)
New York Peace Society [IV]: meeting minutes, 1916 (December 20) - 1923
New York Peace Society [IV]: committees
New York Peace Society [IV]: rent paid to Church Peace Union

Box 2 [mf reel 79.1 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
A, 1913-1920
Abbott, Lyman, 1913-1919
Addams, Jane, 1919
American Peace Society, 1913-1919
American School Peace League, 1919
B, 1909-1922

Box 2 (continued) [mf. reel 79.2]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
Bray, Frank Chapin, 1916-1919
Brooksbank, James H., 1919
Burton, Theodore, 1919
Miscellaneous programs, announcements, etc., 1907-1919
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1908-1914
Levermore, Charles H. & Linley V. Gordon, 1918-[1936]

Box 3 [mf. reel 79.2 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
C, 1909-1921
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1918-1919
Carnegie, Andrew, 1907-1920
Carnegie Endowment, 1913-1919
Central Trust Company (New York Peace Society Treasurer), 1913-1917
Choate, Joseph H., 1914-1915
Clark, John Bates, 1914-1916
Clark, John Bates, 1917-1918

Box 3 (continued) [mf. reel 79.3]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
Clark, John Bates, 1919
Cohen, Julius Henry, 1918-1919
Crosby, O.T., 1910-1919
Crowell, John Franklin, 1913-1917 (President, American Civic Alliance)
Cummings, Edward, 1917-1919 Secretary, World Peace Foundation)
Cutting, R. Fulton, 1910-1919 (New York Peace Society Vice-President)
D, 1908-1919
Darby, W. Evans, 1912-1919
Dix, William Frederick, 1911-1915
Driault, Edward, 1918
Duggan, Stephen P., 1917-1919
Dutton, Samuel Train, 1915-1919
E, 1909-1919
Eliot, Charles W., 1912-1918

Box 4 [mf. reel 79.3 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
F, 1908-1919
Farnesworth, F.E., 1909-1919
Forbes, Mrs. J. Malcolm, 1914-1919
G, 1910-1923
Ginn & Company, 1919
Gobat, A., 1911-1913
Gompers, Samuel, 1910-1918
Greenfield, F.W. (New York Peace Society accountant & member), 1909-1916
Gulick, Sidney L., 1915-1918
H, 1909-1919

Box 4 (continued) [mf. reel 79.4]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
Hamilton, J.W., 1914-1918
Haskins, Henry S., (Secretary, Massachusetts Peace Society), 1913-1916
Heath, Carl (England), 1910-1915
Holmes, John Haynes, 1909-1917
Holt, Hamilton, 1908-1911
Holt, Hamilton, 1912-1919
Humphrey, Andrew B., 1909-1914
Hunt, Harry E., 1909-1912

Box 5 [mf. reel 79.4 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
I-J-K, 1910-1919
Jefferson, Charles E., 1914-1919
Kent - Costikyan Company
Kirchwey, George W., 1908-1919
L, 1910-1922
Lange, Christian R., 1912-1919

Box 5 (continued) [mf. reel 79.5]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919 [Mead folder includes 1920-1924]
Lochner, Louis P., 1910-1915
Loomis, Francis B., 1912
Lynch, Frederick, 1915-1922
M, 1906-1924
Mc, 1909-1923
McCorkle, Walter, 1919
McDowell, William Osborne, 1911-1914
McMillin, Emerson, 1918-1919
Marburg, Theodore, 1911-1918
Mead, Edwin D. & Lucia Ames Mead, 1908-1924
Mendes, H.P., 1910-1919
Moore, John Bassett, 1909-1919
Munro, H.F., 1919

Box 6 [mf. reel 79.5 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919  [N folder includes 1920-1924]
N, 1914-1924
O, 1914-1919
Otlet, Paul, 1918-1919
Peabody, George Foster, 1908-1919
Pack, Charles Lothrop, 1918-1919
P-Q, 1909-1919
Philips, H.C., 1914-1918
Poynton, J.A., 1913-1919
Putnam, George Haven, 1914-1919

Box 6 (continued) [mf. reel 79.6]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919
R, 1910-1919
Rand Jr., James H., 1914-1915
Rice-Keller, Mrs. Inez, 1912-1919
Root, Elihu, 1910-1919
S, 1908-1919
Schiff, Jacob H., 1911-1919
Scot, James Brown, 1909-1919

Box 7 [mf. reel 79.6 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919 [Strauss folder includes 1920-1924]
Sears, Edmund H., 1917-1920
Short, William H. (Secretary, League to Enforce Peace), 1915-1919
Spencer, Anna Garlin, 1915-1919
Stanton, Theodore, 1910-1919
Strauss, Oscar S., 1910-1924
T, 1909-1919
Tomkins, Calvin, 1916-1919

Box 7 (continued) [mf. reel 79.7]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1907-1919 [some folders include 1920-1923]
Untermeyer, Mrs. Samuel, 1912-1915
U-V, 1909-1919
Van Beek en Donk, B. de Jong, 1915-1919
White, Andrew D., 1913-1918
Williams, Frank F., 1914-1919
Wilson, Woodrow, 1914-1921
Winslow, Erving, 1915-1921
Wise, Stephen S., 1909-1921
W, 1909-1920
X-Y-Z, 1917-1923

Box 8 [mf. reel 79.7 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1920-1924 [B & C folders include 1919; D folder includes 1925]
A, 1920-1924
Adams, Charles Frederick, 1924
American Peace Award, 1923-1924
American Peace Society, 1920-1921
American School Peace League, 1920-1922
B, 1919-1924
Blakeslee, George H., 1920-1922
British League of Nations Union, 1920-1923
Burton, Theodore, 1920-1922
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1922
Carnegie Endowment, 1920-1922
C, 1919-1924]
Clark, John Bates, 1920-1924
Clarke, John H., 1922-1924
Colcord, Samuel, 1920-1924
D, 1920-1925

Box 9 [mf. reel 79.8]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1920-1924
E, 1920-1924
F, 1920-1924
Farnesworth, F.E., 1920-1921
Fisher, Irving, 1922-1924
Forbes, Mrs. J. Malcolm, 1921-1923
G, 1920-1924
H, 1920-1924
Holt, Hamilton, 1920-1924
I-J-K, 1920-1924
L, 1920-1924
M, 1920-1924
Institute of International Education, 1920-1922
League of Nations, 1920-1924
McMillin, Emerson, 1920-1924
N, 1920-1924

Box 10 [mf. reel 79.8 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1920-1924
O, 1920-1924
P-Q, 1920-1924
R, 1920-1924
S, 1920-1924
Short, William H. (Secretary, League to Enforce Peace)
Spencer, Anna Garlin, 1920-1924
Strauss, Oscar, 1920-1924
T, 1920-1924

Box 10 (continued ) [mf. reel 79.9]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1920-1924
U-V, 1920-1924
Van Beek en Donk, B. de Jong, 1920-1924
Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1921
W, 1920-1924
X-Y-Z, 1920-1924

Box 11 [mf. reel 79.9 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1925-1940
A, 1925-1940
B, 1926-1939
C, 1925-1939
Clark, John Bates, 1925-1940
D, 1926-1938
E, 1925-1932
Elkus, Abram I.,1926-1939
F, 1925-1939
G, 1926-1939
Guggenheim, 1927-1934
H, 1925-1939
I, 1926-1937
J, 1926-1928
K, 1925-1939
Kendall, Georgiana, 1927-1933
L, 1926-1939

Box 12 [mf. reel 79.9 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1925-1940
M, 1925-1940

Box 12 (continued ) [mf. reel 79.10]
New York Peace Society [IV]: correspondence, 1925-1940
Mead, Edwin D., 1931-1933
N, 1926-1934
O, 1925-1930
P, 1925
R, 1926-1939
S, 1925-1940
T, 1925-1940
V, 1929
W, 1925-1935
X-Y-Z, 1926-1939

Box 13 [mf. reel 79.10 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: miscellaneous correspondence, etc. 1914-1932
Third Hague Conference: correspondence, 1909-1914
Third Hague Conference: plans, meeting minutes, miscellaneous material, 1914
Correspondence, misc, releases, 1912-1916
Correspondence, misc, releases, 1917-1922
Correspondence, misc, releases, 1923-1926
Correspondence, misc, releases, 1930-1931 [includes the Levermore Elms (Memorial)]
Correspondence re: military training, 1912-1916
Correspondence re: military training; correspondence re: the Peace Exhibit, 1930-1932

Box 14 [mf. reel 79.10 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: miscellaneous material, 1906-1933
Speech of Andrew Carnegie, March 24, 1909
Membership forms
Letterheads
Form letters sent, 1910-1933

Box 14 (continued) [mf. reel 79.11]
New York Peace Society [IV]: miscellaneous material, 1906-1933
Yearbooks, 1906-1919
Membership cards (3" x 5") [not included on microfilm]
Miscellaneous pamphlets & flyers
Articles by C.H. Levermore
"Creed of the Hun," 1919
International Peace Festival (New York), 1909; miscellaneous material, 1909

Box 15 [not on mf]
New York Peace Society [IV]: miscellaneous material, 1906-1933
National Arbitration and Peace Congress, 1907: scrapbook

Box 16 [mf. reel 79.11 continued]
New York Peace Society [IV]: miscellaneous material, 1906-1933
National Arbitration and Peace Congress, 1907: scrapbooks
National Arbitration and Peace Congress, 1907: newsclippings
National Arbitration and Peace Congress, 1907: general scrapbook

Box 16 (continued) [mf. reel 79.12]
New York Peace Society [IV]: miscellaneous material, 1906-1933
National Arbitration and Peace Congress, 1907: stenographer's record
National Arbitration and Peace Congress, 1907: letters to Hayne Davis [not included on microfilm; Acc. 96A-060]



This finding aid was last updated on November 3, 2009.