Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Universal Peace Union Records, [1846-1866], 1867-1923, 1938

Collection: DG 038

Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/

Descriptive Summary
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers/records.
Universal Peace Union
Universal Peace Union Records
Inclusive Dates
[1846-1866], 1867-1923, 1938
Call Number
DG 038

Language of Materials
Materials in English
12.5 linear feet [papers only]
The most colorful and important peace organization to rise from the the Civil War was the Universal Peace Union (UPU). This militant band grew out of reaction against compromising tactics which the American Peace Society adopted during the Civil War.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Usage Restrictions
Yes, researchers will use microfilm version of collection.
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, microfilm Reels 13.1-13.19
Acquisitions Information
Gift of the Universal Peace Union
Received: 1920, 1940s-1950s, 1980s
Processing Information
Processed by SCPC staff; this finding aid created by Eleanor Fulvio, August 2010
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Universal Peace Union Records (DG 038), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record

Historical Background
The most radical and important peace organization to rise from the the Civil War was the Universal Peace Union (UPU). This militant band grew out of reaction against compromising tactics which the American Peace Society adopted during the Civil War. The new movement was launched at Providence, Rhode Island in 1866. Taking leading parts were Joshua P. Blanshard, Adin Ballou, Henry C. Wright, Alfred H. Love, and Lucretia Mott.

The UPU labored to remove the causes of war, to discountenance all resorts to deadly force . . . "never acquiescing in present wrongs." They tolerated no compromise with the principles of love and nonviolence. Specifically they preached immediate disarmament and worked for a general treaty among nations, arbitration, and unconditional submission to an international tribunal.

The UPU denounced imperialism, compulsory military training, memorials and war demonstrations, war taxes, capital punishment, lynching of African Americans, the spread of white imperialism in Africa, the exclusion of Asian immigration and the continued denial of rights to native Americans. Because of their work Pennsylvania laws were relaxed towards conscientious objectors. The UPU was active in promoting the rights of women. Many women served equally with men on all executive committees and working committees. Women made up at least 50 per cent of the membership of UPU and they were active in the organization's agenda. Early in its career the UPU believed that peace might be obtained in industry through arbitration. In 1880 members helped settle a dispute between the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and the Reading Railroad management. Alfred Love, the president of the UPU, was the arbitrator in this action.

The UPU opposed the aggressive policy of the Grant administration toward Santo Domingo and Cuba. In 1896 they implored the Spanish government to grant autonomy to the Cubans, to withdraw troops and remove oppressive taxes. Alfred Love, the president, sent an ill-fated letter to the Queen Regent of Spain. The UPU worked equally hard to influence Washington. Though as war clouds gathered other peace organizations were undecided, or accepted war as inevitable, the UPU was determined to prevent war. The ill-fated letter was intercepted, and published in garbled form. It unleashed a storm of passion against the UPU, headquartered in Philadelphia. The office was thrown out of Independence Hall, precious mementos were ruthlessly scattered and Alfred Love was burned in effigy.

The UPU held its annual meetings at Mystic Grove, Connecticut for many years. At the first meetings only about sixty people were present. However, in the 1880s and the 1890s the number of attendees soared to close to 10,000.

In the course of time more than forty branch peace societies were affiliated with the UPU.

Officers and those associated with the UPU include: Hannah L. Bailey; Joshua P. Blanshard; Arabella Carter; Amanda Deyo; Mary Frost Ormsby Evans; Belva A. Lockwood; Alfred H. Love; Lucretia Mott; Lydia Schofield; and C.F. Stollmeyer.

Collection Overview
The Records of the UPU consist of organizational correspondence, minutes, financial records, publications, and memorabilia. The diaries of president Alfred H. Love are also included in the collection.

Items removed:
Photographs of UPU members and officers may be found in the SCPC Photograph Collection.
Flags and banners
Ribbons and conference delegate ribbons
Important information about UPU activities may be found in the periodicals published by the UPU between 1867 and 1913. These periodicals have been microfilmed. The originals may be found in the SCPC Periodicals Collection.

Arrangement of Collection
The Records of the UPU are arranged into three series. Series I. includes all organizational and administrative files. Series II contains the diaries of Alfred H. Love. Series III consists of materials about Mary Frost Ormsby Evans and materials about the UPU collected by her.

The microfilm of the UPU records consists of eighteen reels of film. The first six contain the various periodicals of the UPU, published 1867-1913. Correspondence and organizational records may be found on Reels 7 through 11. Reels 11-18 contain the diaries UPU president Alfred H. Love. Reel 19 contains other material collected by Love and some material by and about Mary Frost Ormsby Evans. The memorabilia collected by Evans was not filmed.

Re-File material
- received 1992

Detailed Description of the Collection


Reels 13.1-13.6 (see after Series III)

Reel 13.7

Box 1

Correspondence (misc., special) 1867-1911

Correspondence, 1876-1922

Correspondence, Amanda Deyo (a vice-president and business manager of the UPU), 1906-1912

Correspondence, re: C.F. Stollmeyer, 1938

Correspondence, undated

Box 2

Minutes (with correspondence)

1891 (November 2) - 1900 (December 3)

Reel 13.8

1901 (January 7) - 1911 (December 4)

1912 (January 2) - 1920 (October 8)

Box 3

Publications, 1861-1913

Membership blanks, medals, etc.

Mystic Grove appeal

Box 4

Financial records

Reel 13.9

(starts with ledger number 2)

Membership records, 1893-1896-1900-1920

Box 5

Miscellaneous papers

Independence hall rooms (contributions for furnishings)

Spanish War activities and removal from Independence hall rooms

Material on a bill to establish a Department of Peace (1915)

UPU inventory (1866-1920)

Manuscripts (of Henning Melander)

Two scrapbooks, clippings, 1863-1910

Reel 13.10

(starts with scrapbook number 2)

Box 6

Photographs and pictures (officers, members, and friends of the UPU) [originals moved to SCPC Photograph Collection

Material about the peace bell (Columbian Liberty Bell, 1893) and related material

Box 7


Mailing lists, 1895-1898

Reel 13.11

UPU Visitors book, 1897-1923

Box 8

Material about peace flags, (history, miscellaneous designs, correspondence, general) mostly from UPU files

SERIES II: Alfred H. Love, President

Reel 13.11 (cont'd)

Box 9

Diaries, Volumes 2-5 (Vol. 1 is missing)

1846 (March 7) - 1854 (November 5) and "Index" [by date only] to diaries Vols. 1-25)

Reel 13.12

Box 10

Diaries, v. 6-9

1854 (November 6) - 1862 (December 17)

Reel 13.13

Box 11

Diaries, v. 10-12

1862 (December 18) - 1869 (November 12)

Reel 13.14

Box 12

Diaries, v. 13-16

1869 (November 13) - 1881 (October 13)

Reel 13.15

(starts with Vol. 15--1875 (December 12)

Box 13

Diaries, v. 17-19

1892 (October 14, - 1892 (March 6)

Reel 13.16

(starts with v. 18--1885 (March 19)

Box 14

Diaries, v. 20-23

Reel 13.17

1892 (March 7) - 1905 (March 20)

(starts with v. 21--1895 (October 9)

Reel 13.18

Box 15

Diaries, v. 24-25

1905 (March 21) - 1912 (June 15)

Reel 13.19

Box 16

Personal papers, memorial letters, etc.

Memorials, 1913

Nobel Peace Prize

Personal History

PA Prison Society

Mystic Grove

W.H. Allen & Co.

SERIES III: Mrs. Mary Frost Ormsby Evans

Reel 13.19 (cont'd)

Box 17

[Box on site]

Mrs. Mary Frost Ormsby Evans

Personal papers

Correspondence with Alfred Love

Photos, clippings

(Material not available on microfilm)

[Larger items shelved in SCPC Memorabilia Collection; photographs and conference delegate ribbons are available on Triptych (image database)]

Photographs and pictures

Membership books, 1885-1920

Alfred H. Love's briefcase

Peace Bell, 1893

Alfred H. Love's high school diploma

Grand Prize Award, Universal Exposition, 1900

Grand Prize Award, Universal Exposition, 1904

Various peace flags and banners of all sizes, some white bordered American flags, rolled and flat.

Two wooden signs (on display SCPC)

One large wooden sign

Article on Universal Peace Union and meetings at Mystic river, July 21, 1934 (in folder in Box 3) (Acc. 89A-002-)

Program on 2nd anniversary of International Court of Arbitration (1902) by UPA (in folder in box 5) (Acc. 89A-002-)
    Letter, Alfred H. Love to Reverend Joseph Hooper, September 15, 1891. [Acc. 2015-057] [NOT MICROFILMED] (in folder in box 1)

Universal Peace Union Periodicals Available on Microfilm

Reel 13.1

Philadelphia Tribune (November 1867)

Bond of Peace (Vols. 1-4, 1868-1871)

Voice of Peace (Vols. 1-2, 1872-1874, first series)

Voice of Peace (Vol. 1-Vol. 3, No. 4, 1874-1876, second series)

Reel 13.2

Voice of Peace (Vol. 3, No. 5/6-Vol. 8, No. 12, 1876-1882)

Leaflets of Peace for Children (Vol. 3, No. 13, April 1882)

The Peacemaker (Vol. 1, No. 1-Vol. 4, No. 12, July 1882 - June 1886)

Reel 13.3

The Peacemaker (Vol. 5, No. 1-Vol. 12, No. 12, July 1886 - June 1894)

Fifth Universal Peace Congress Report, August 1893, to p. 89

Reel 13.4

Fifth Universal Peace Congress Report, August 1893, p. 90 to end

The Peacemaker (Vol. 13, No. 1-Vol. 18, No. 3/4, July 1894 - September/October 1899)

Reel 13.5

The Peacemaker (Vol. 18, No. 4-Vol. 24, No. 12, November 1899 - December 1905)

Reel 13.6

The Peacemaker (Vol. 25, No. 1-Vol. 32, January 1906 - Midsummer 1913)

Re-File material
Re-File material,
-article on Reverend Amanda Deyo, received 1992 (January) [not available on microfilm]

This file was last updated on June 24, 2016.