Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Helene Stöcker Papers, 1897-1994

Collection: DG 035


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Stöcker, Helene (1869-1943)
Title
Helene Stöcker Papers
Inclusive Dates
1897-1994
Call Number
DG 035

Language of Materials
Materials in English and German
Extent
4.1 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Dr. Helene Stöcker (1869-1943) was one of the first woman students to enter a German University. Stöcker helped found Germany's first woman suffrage organization, and later the Bund für Mutterschutz (Protection of Motherhood.) Stöcker was active in the German and international peace movement from the World War I period onward. She the early congresses of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and belonged to several other peace organizations including the Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft (German Peace Society), and the International Peace Bureau. Stöcker connected her work in pacifism with the work in sexual reform when Muttershutz added a pacifist plank to their platform calling for their supporters to work for "existing and flourishing life," and against brute force in war and the state. Dr. Stöcker was driven out of Germany by the Nazis in 1933 and lived for periods in Switzerland, England, and Sweden. She emigrated to the United States in 1941, under the sponsorship of friends and colleagues in the peace movement, especially those in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Stöcker died in 1943 in New York City.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Helene Stöcker, George Zueler, Ellen Starr Brinton, and others, 1944, 1952, 1989

Processing Information
Processed by Peace Collection staff; minor reprocessing and current finding aid by Andrew Ciampa and Wendy E.Chmielewski, June 2009.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Helene Stöcker Papers (DG 035), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
Dr. Helene Stöcker (1869-1943) was born in Elberfeld, Germany. She was one of the first woman students to enter a German University. She also studied at the Universities of Glasgow and Berne, receiving her doctorate in 1901.

Her social activism began in 1902 when she helped found Germany's first woman suffrage organization. Three years later Stöcker was the driving force behind the Bund für Mutterschutz (Protection of Motherhood.) She served as chair of this organization until 1933. The Bund was founded to assist unwed mothers and their children. It ultimately provided a forum for debate on sexuality, contraception and abortion, as well as establishing reform of laws in favor of all mothers and children. Dr. Stöcker was editor and founder of the monthly magazine The New Generation, which she published from 1905 until 1933.

Stöcker was active in the German and international peace movement from the World War I period. She attended the International Congress of Women at The Hague in 1915 and other early congresses of the Women's International League. Stöcker belonged to several other peace organizations including the War Resisters' International , Bund Neues Vaterland (New Fatherland League), Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft (German Peace Society), and the International Peace Bureau. She was an associate of the late Dr. Ludwig Quidde, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1927. Stöcker connected her work in pacifism with the work in sexual reform when Muttershutz added a pacifist plank to their platform calling for their supporters to work for "existing and flourishing life," and against brute force in war and the state.

Dr. Stöcker was driven out of Germany by the Nazis in 1933 and lived for periods in Switzerland, England, and Sweden. Stöcker emigrated to the United States in 1941, under the sponsorship of friends and colleagues in the peace movement, especially those in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She died in 1943 in New York City.

Books and pamphlets Stöcker wrote include: Leibe, Moderne Bevolkerungspolitik, Lieben oder Hassen, Krieg und Altruismus, Verkunder und Verwirklicher, Die Frau und die Heiligkeit des Lebens, Sexualpedagogik, Krieg und Mutterschutz, and Kriegsdienst Verweigerung.

Significant correspondents include: Gertrud Baer, Emily Greene Balch, Mary Beard, Fenner Brockway, Gertrude Bussey, Ruth Gage-Colby, Dorothy Detzer, Lida Gustave Heymann, Dr. Karen Horney, Jessie Wallace Hughan, Alexandra Kollontai, Frederick J. Libby, Lola Maverick Lloyd, A.J. Muste, Tracy D. Mygatt, Mildred Scott Olmsted, Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence, Ludwig Quidde, Romain Rolland, Margaret Sanger, Rosika Schwimmer, Upton Sinclair, Agnes Smedley, and Bruno Springer.

Collection Overview
Stöcker materials in the Peace Collection came from several sources. The bulk was received after Dr. Stöcker's death from friends in charge of her affairs. A large set of records, chiefly correspondence from 1940 to 1943, between Eva Wiegelmesser, secretary of the Women's International League Committee on Refugees and donors of funds to assist Dr. Stoecker was received in April 1952. This was sent by Ellen Starr Brinton. More recent materials consist of photocopies of items from other archives and writings about Stoecker from other donors.

Many of Dr. Stöcker's papers which were amongst belongings left in London, were subsequently destroyed in the bombing of that city during World War II.

The collection at Swarthmore consists of a typed copy of Stöcker's autobiography, her World War I diary, correspondence with friends and colleagues, Journals (1934, 1938-40, and 1942), manuscripts of articles and speeches, biographical materials, some published works, and material about Helene Stöcker.

Items removed:
Photographs

Arrangement of Collection and Finding Aid
Helene Stöcker's unpublished autobiography makes up the first part of the collection (Box 1). Correspondence written by Stöcker to intimates, friends, and colleagues may be found in Boxes 2-5, including correspondence about her refugee and immigration status. At the beginning of Box 2 below, there is a link to a complete list of names of all correspondents. Boxes 7 and 8 contain Stöcker's published and unpublished writings, including notes made for completed works. Biographical documents, originally in Stöcker's own possession may be found in boxes 9 and 10. Writings about Stöcker, mostly published after her death may be found in box 11.




Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Record of Papers and Historical Introduction
Chronologies of Stöcker's life and work
Autobiography (seven folders)
Kriegtagebuch

Box 2 Correspondence (Click here for list of individual names in boxes 2-5)
Personal: 1897, 1906
Helene Stöcker to Bruno Springer, December 1916-February 1917
Bruno Springer to Helene Stöcker, 1913-1921
Helene Stöcker to Albert Einstein, 1919-1922 (photocopies from Acc. 99A-027)
Helene Stöcker to Bruno Springer, August 1926-May 1930
Helene Stöcker to Ellen Hörup, 1930s (Acc. 03A-019)
Correspondence to/from Sweden, 1939-1940
A-G
H-P
Q-Z
Correspondence 1939-1943
Adamic-Aufbau
Bab-Baer
Balabanoff-Barth

Box 3 Correspondence 1939-1943 (continued)
Baseler Nationalzeitung-Bellquist
Bergman-Bolin
Bostrand-Bussey
Campaign for World Government-Colby
Columbia-Czechoslovakia
Danziger-Dosenheimer
Edinger-Exiled Writer's Committee
Faber-Fuchs
German-American League for Culture-Gumbel
Haas-Hull
Iarah-Intourist
Jackh-Josten
Kantorowicz-Kubie
Lagerlöf-Lloyd
Loewenfeld-Meitner

Box 4 Correspondence 1939-1943 (continued)
Meng-Mygatt
The Nation-Nothman
Ochs-Oprecht Verlag
P.E.N.-Philipsborn
Picton-Post War World Council
Quidde, Ludwig May-October 1939
November 1939-August 1940
September 1940-February 1941
Ragaz-Ruyssen
Sabor-Schwabe
Schwimmer
Shanghai Jewish Chronicle-Spencer Corset Company
Steel-Stöcker, Lisa
Stone-Szanak

Box 5 Correspondence 1939-1943 (continued)
Tabouis-Tryon
Ucker-Villard
Wachsner-World Women's Party for Equal Rights
Zade-Zuelzer
Unidentified Letters
Correspondence with Refugee Agencies, Benefactors, WILPF (1936-May 17, 1941)
Correspondence with Refugee Agencies, Benefactors, WILPF (May 30, 1941-December 29, 1941)
Correspondence with Refugee Agencies, Benefactors, WILPF (January, 9 1942-April 6, 1942)
Correspondence with Refugee Agencies, Benefactors, WILPF (April 7, 1942-September 17, 1942)
Correspondence with Refugee Agencies, Benefactors, WILPF (October 16, 1942-March 1943)
Correspondence with Refugee Agencies, Benefactors, WILPF (Carnegie Grant Application Letters, January-February 1943)
U.S. Immigration Forms and Letters, 1941-1943

Box 6 Correspondence, 1940-1941
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (June 5, 1940-May 1940)
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (June-December 1940)
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (January-February 1941)
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (March-April 1941)
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (May-June 1941)
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (July-September 1941)
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (October-November 1941)
Correspondence about Stöcker, 1940-1941 (December 1941)

Box 7 Writings
Article manuscripts, 1897
Article manuscripts from Neue Generation, 1906; 4 lists of ms
Neue Generation manuscripts, 1908
Neue Generation manuscripts, 1906-1908
Journals: 1934, 1938-1940, 1942
1939-1940 article ms: "Kommt der Krieg ins Land..."
Article manuscripts, 1939-1940 (two folders)
Manuscripts of books and article reviews, 1940-1942
Article manuscripts, 1937-1942
Speeches, 1939, 1941-1942
Notes on Neue Generation, 1905-1909
Notes for autobiography

Box 8 Notes and Works
Reading notes (four folders)
Book titles in alphabetical order
Unsorted book titles
Lists of books from Verlag der Neuen
Zehn Jahre Mutterschutz, 1915
Kriegshefte des Bundes fuer Muttershutz, Berlin: 1915
Kriegshefte des Bundes fuer Muttershutz, Berlin: 1916
Kriegshefte des Bundes fuer Muttershutz, Berlin: 1917
"Durch zum Rechsfrieden" 1919 [Flugschriften des Bundes Neues Vaterland Nr. 2]

Box 9 Biographical materials
"Sicherund durch militärische Gewalt" 1924; "Welfriedenskongress u. Weltfrieden," 1924; Verkünder u. Verwirklicher," 1928
"Erotik u. Altruismus, 1934; "Elisabeth Forster-Nietzsche, ein Wort zu ihrem Gedächtnis," Jan. 1936 "Schüle und Leben"
Bibliography of Helene Stöcker's work (Acc. 89A-74 )
Photographs and Diploma (1901 Bern Doctorate)
Swiss and Swedish Passports
Library Cards and Forms: London, Stockholm, New York
Address Books (two folders)

Box 10 Biographical materials
Addresses: Sorted
Addresses: Unsorted (two folders)
"Krankheiten, Kuren, Diaetkuren"-list of illnesses, cures, diets, 1875-1941
1941-1942 Diet information and Krankenrechnungen
Documents from the German Government: 1933, 1937-1938, 1941
Letters about U.S. immigration and Reisebericht of March 28, 1941
U.S. Treasury Department: forms and letter, 1940-1942
Postcheckamt Zürich-checkbook, receipts
Bank of America correspondence, 1941-1942
Manufacturers Trust Company account information, check from Hellmut Simons, March 2, 1942
Death: memorial service, newspaper obituary, Robinson/Zuelzer letter of July 18, 1944

Box 11 Literature about Stöcker
Newspaper articles by Stöcker, 1937-1939
"Helene Stöcker: An Appeal," by H. Picton (1938)
Galley copy of "Antimilitaristische Kongresse," 1921; Newspaper articles by Stöcker, 1936-1939
"A Life in Fragments: Helene Stöcker's Lebensabriss," by Regina Braker
Short biographies of Stöcker, 1939-1940 (German and English)
"Ein Manifest des Geistes-vor funfzig Jahren"
60th Birthday, 1929: Press Releases
70th Birthday Newspaper Articles (Index; Swedish)
70th Birthday Newspaper Articles (Swiss)
70th Birthday Newspaper Articles (Danish; Norwegian)
70th Birthday Newspaper Articles (German emigre, German, Dutch, English, French, Chinese)
Speech and poem for Helene Stöcker's 70th birthday celebration
Obituaries (1943); invitation to centennial lecture, Rerliner Frauen-bund (1969)
Biographical articles written for Stöcker's 70th birthday by Max Barth, Hermann Greid, Ludwig Quidde and others
U.S. newspaper articles about Stöcker, 1941
"Dr. Helene Stöcker," from Johanna Wäscher's Wegbereiterder Deutschen Frau, 1931; "Helene Stöcker," from Hans Wehberg's Die Führer der Deutschen Friedensbewgung (1890-1923)
German newspaper articles about Stöcker, 1939-1969; letter from Ingeborg Richarz-Simons
"Helene Stöcker: Sexualreformerin und Pazifistin," by Ingeborg Richarz-Simons
Wuppertaler Biographen, 1970
"Helene Stöcker (1869-1943): Leben und Arbeit fur die Gleichstellung der Frau," by Christl Wickert, 1988
Luzifer-Amor: Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, "Herausgegeben und eingeleitet" by Ludger M. Hermanns (Sonderdruck 4. Jahrgang-Heft-1991)
"Philosophinmen Lexikon" by Barbara Helm (1994)



Appendix: Complete list of all correspondents in boxes 2-5, 1939--1943

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



A
Adamic, Louis
Allen, Devere
American Freinds Service Committee [ see also: Friends, Society of]
Amerikanische Konsulate (Sweden)
American Reconstruction Force (Levin, Robert A.)
American Writers' League
Anderson-Kotto, Irma*
Anger-Anfanger, Dr.
Anthony, Katherine
Arnstein, Erma
"Aufbau" (Georg, Manfred)

B
Bab, Julius
Baber, Zonia
Baer, Gertrud
Balabanoff, Dr. Angelica
Balch, Emily G.
Baldwin, Roger
Barnes, Mrs. Bernard
Barth, Max
"Baseler Nationalzeitung"
Beard, Mary
Beardsley, Helen M.
Beavers, Helen D.
Beckh, Marianne
Beermann, Gertrud
Bellquist, Professor Eric and Mrs.
Bergman, Lucy
Bergner, Selma R.
Beth, Professor Karl
Birth Control Federation of America (Pierson, Richard N., Pres.( [see also: Sanger]
Blake, Katherine Devereux
Boas, Prof Franz
Boenheim, Felix (MD)
Boerner, Wilhelm (MD) and Stephanie
Bolins, DR.*
Bostrand, Elisabet
Brann, Dr. Ludwig
British Consulate General and Embassy, Washington DC
Brockway, Fenner*
Brown, Runham
Buchwald, Hede and Bruno
Brupbacher, Dr.
Bucky, Dr. Gustav
Burger, Otto Julius
Bussey, Gertrude

C
Campaign for World Government (Mygatt, Tracy D.)
Cantigny Printing and Stationery Corp.
Cappel, Else
Chamberlin, William Henry
Children's Court of Conciliation (Lindsey, Henriette B.)
China Aid Council (Shuford, Martha)
"The Christian Century" (Morrison, Charles Clayton, ed.)
colby, Ruth
Columbia University (Williamson, O, Director of Libraries)
"Commonsense"
Cope, Mrs. Walter
Cramer, Clem
Crocker, Grace G.
Crohn, Erika C.
Czechoslovakia, Consulate General (New York)

D
Danziger, Dr. Kurt
Das, Taraknath
Detzer, Dorothey
Deutschberger, Dr. Otto
Doig, Winifred
Dosenheimer, Dr. Elise

E
Edinger, Dora
Edson, Anita Pollitzer
Epstein, Jules
"Equal Rights"
Erickson, Mrs. Frances
Ernst, Dr. Lucy*
Europa-Union (Ritzel, H.G.)
The Exile Writers' Committee (Sherman, Jane)

F
Faber, Mrs. Hirsch-
Fabian, Walter
Falkenstein, Gertrud
Far Eastern Information Service
Farrar & Rinehart, Publishers
Feist, Dr. Henry K.
Felsenthal, Julia
Fiedler, Mrs. Hermann
Fischer, Hedwig
Fox, Johanna
Fried, Hans Ernest
Friedlander, Walter
Friends, Society of
American Friends Service Committee (Poole, Anita; Reynolds, Jean; Schaal, E.A.)
Friends' Centre, Geneva (MacMaster, Gilbert)
Friends Historical Library and Swarthmore College Peace Collection (Brinton, Ellen Starr; Walker, E. Virginia)
Fritz, Mrs. B.H.
Fuchs, Margarete*

G
German American League for Culture (Deutschamerikanischer Kulturverband)
Gibling, Sophie P.
Gilbert, Alice
Goldschmidt, Mrs. Richard
Goldstein, Dr.
Goodman, Lilian
Grauenhoff, Fridel
Graw, Mrs. Gertrude
Grossmann, Kurt R., and Elsa
Gudde, Professor
Gull, Lily Horber-
Gumbel, Professor

H
Hass, Elsa de
Hallgarten, Constance
Halliday, Mary
Hannak, Dr. Philippine
Harcourt Brace Co.
Harper & Bros.
Heber, Dr. phil Lily*
Hellner, Kerstin*
Hellstrom, Gustaf*
Henry Visiting Nurse Service
Neymann, Lida Gustava
Hirsch, Erna and Hans G.
Hofbuer, Josef*
Holitscher, Arthur*
Hoover Library on War, Revolution and Peace
Horney, Dr. Karen
Hörup, Ellen (folder also includes letters between Hörup and others)(Acc. 03A-019)
Hughan, Dr. Jessie Wallace
Hull, Hannah Clothier

I
Iarah
India League of America
Internationale Frauenliga fuer Frieden u. Freiheit (SEE Ragaz, Clara)
International Federation of University Women
International Literary Bureau
International Peace Society
International Relief Association [see: "Stoecker's Correspondence with Refugee Agencies, Benefactor and
the WILPF, 1936 -1943")
Intourist

J
Jackh, Professor Ernest
Jacobi, Walter and Elly
James Jerome Hill Reference Library
Jaraczewski, Margarete
Johnson, W.
Jollowicz, Paul
Josten, Werner

K
Kantorowicz, Alfred
Karoly, Siegbert
Kawarada, Koh
Keenan, C.M.
Kellogg, Paul U.
Kerr, Dr. Mina
Kesser, Dr. Hermann and Marlene
Kobler, Franz and Dora*
Kohn, Professor Hans
Kollontay, Alexandra
Koster, Dr. Eric
Koster, Henry
Krause, Friedrich
Kubie, Dr. Lawrence S.

L
Lagerlof, Selma*
Landin, Dr. Harold W.
Lang, Joseph
Lampland, Mrs. O.
League of American Writers
Lederer, Dr. Kurt
Lehmann, Dr. Hedwig
Leistikow, Dr. Gunar
Leunbach, J.H.
Lewin, Dr. Ludwig
Libby, Frederick J. [see: National Council for Prevention of War]
Library of Congress (Neuberger, Dr. Otto, Division of Documents)
Ligue International des Droits de l'Homme et de la Democratie Nouvelle
Lloyd, Lola Maverick
Loewenfeld, Dr. Philipp
Lore, Fr. Ludwig
Louisville Courier Journal
Lubitsch, Ernst
Ludwig, Elga and Emil

M
Maeder, Hans
Mayer, Anna and Guste
Meiers, Dr. J.
Meitner, L.*
Meng, Dr. H.
Minerva Booksellers
Minnesota, University of (University Library)
Misar, Olga
Mockrauer, Dr. Franz*
Moffett, Anne E.
Monroe, Bertha H.
Moos, Mrs.
Morgenthal, M.
muste, A.J.
Myers, Agnes W.
Mygatt, Tracy D. [see: Campaign for World Government]

N
"Nation" (Kirchweg, Freda, ed)
National Council for Prevention of War [see: Libby]
Neisser, Charlotte S.*
"Neue Zurcher Zeitung"*
The New School of Social Research
New York Public Library
Nippon Yusen Kaisya Line
Nordisk Resebureau
Nothmann, Rudolf

O
Ochs, Mrs.
Olmstead, Mildred Scott
Oprecht Verlag, Zurich*

P
P.E.N. (Beatty, Bessie; Bjorkman, Dr. Carl; Goffin, Robert; Hellstrom, Gustaf; Ould, Hermon)
Park, Alice
Peterson, Medora G.
Pethick-Lawrence, Mrs.
Philipsborn, Dr. A and Mrs.
Picton, Harold and Werner Picton-Lane
Pinner, Gertrude
Pohl, Professor Robert
Pollaczek, Marianne
Pollag, Edith
Pollock, Frederick
Post War World Council (Hillyer, Mary W.)

Q
Quidde, Ludwig
May - October 1939
November 1939 - August 1940
September 1940 - February 1941

R
Ragaz, Clara and Leonhard*
Randall, John Herman and Mercedes M.
Rathbone, Dr. Eleanor
Reiff, Lily
Reinhold, Elsa
Reisner, Dr. Konrad
Reynolds, Jean
Rhoads, Grace
Riese, Dr.Hertha*
Riley, Thomas A.
Ritter-Hahn, Nette
Ritz, Dorothy E.
Robinson, Caroline Hadley
Rolland, Romain
Rose, Alfred
Rosenberg, Tilly
Rosenfeld, Dr. Kurt
Rosenthal, Mae Israel
Rothenberg, Ilse
Rotten, Elisabeth
Russel, Alys
Ruyssen, Professor Theodore

S
Sabor, Grace K.
Saenger, Dr. L
Salomon, Dr. Alice
San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Committee for Service to Emigres
Sandegren, Dr. Bertha*
Sanger, Margaret
Saturday Review of Literature
Sayre, John Nevin
Scandiave, Peter
Schaal, E.A.
Schoenhof's Book Co.
Schmidt, Andre
Schmidt, Mrs. Carl
Schmitz, Adele*
Schutz, Dr. W.
Schwabe, Henriette
Schwimmer, Rosika
Shanghai Jewish Chronicle
Shridharani, Dr.
Simons, Hanny*
Simons, Hans
Sinclair, Upton
Smeaton, B. H.
Smedley, Agnes
Smirnow, Consul
Solenberger, Mrs. Edwin D.
Solzbacher, Dr. Wilhelm
Spencer Corset Company
Springer, Bruno
Steel, Edith J.
Steenhof, Frieda*
Stern, Dr. Dora
Stern, Else von Perstein and Dr. Fritz
Sternfeld, W.
Sternfhoff, Frieda*
Stoecker, Lisa
Stone, Hannah M, MD
Storkama Agence Literaire
Stroem, Frederik*
Strus, Felix
Sumner Boyd, Mary
Sveriges Riksbank
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Szanik, Mrs. M. Andre

T
Tabouis, Genevieve
Taferwohn, Susy*
Thein, Alfred
Thony Pfister, W.*
Thomas, Dr. W.
Tillich, Dr. Paul
Die Tribune
Tryon, Gertrude

U
Ucker, Paul
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Consulate General, New York
G. Heifetz, USSR Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign countries
L. Kislova, Chief, Anglo-American Dept.
Universal Distributors
Utley, Freda

V
Valentin, Veit*
Victor, Walther
Villard, Oswald Garrison
von Scheltema, Adama*

W
Wachsner, Franz
Walling, Mrs. W. English
Wehberg, Hans*
Weinberg, Ella
Wendriner, Hans Georg and Ilse
Westminster Bank
Wibaut, M.*
Wilcox, Jean M.
Windesheim, Dr. Ernst
Winsor, Mary
Womrath Bookshops
World Women's Party for Equal Rights

Y
Yalle, F.

Z
Zade, Beatrice*
Zucker, Helmut and Lise
Zuelzer, Dr. and Mrs.*
____________________________________



* Letters from these correspondents are also filed in "Letters to and from Sweden, 1939 - 1940"



This file was last updated on June 23, 2009.