Swarthmore College Peace Collection


Records of the Center on Conscience and War, 1940-ongoing
[formerly NSBRO & NISBCO]

Collection: DG 025
Part I, Series D


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone: 610-328-8557 (curator);
Fax: 610-690-5728
Email: wchmiel@swarthmore.edu (curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
National Service Board for Religious Objectors; National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors; Center on Conscience and War
Title
Center on Conscience and War Records
Inclusive Dates
1940-ongoing
Call Number
DG 025

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
670+ linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
Organization still in existence that was formed to aid conscientious objectors in World War II.

Administrative Information / Historical Background / Collection Overview / Arrangement / Etc.
See index page for information

Restrictions apply to any Series that include files about individual men, as noted below. Researchers must gain permission from the director of the Center on Conscience and War to view specific files. Contact the SCPC Curator about this matter.

Some boxes are stored off-site. A request for their retrieval must be given to the SCPC Curator at least two weeks in advance of a visit to the SCPC. See index page for which Series are off-site.


Detailed Description of Part I (Files from 1940-1946), Series D: Special Projects [formerly Series S-P]
In this checklist, underlined words are box headings
Restrictions apply to all boxes/folders that contain information about individual men

Box 1
General
General / Miscellaneous
Policies established; Detached Service Committee
Philadelphia Administrative Committee
General correspondence, 1940-1941
General correspondence, 1942
General correspondence, 1943 (January-February)
General correspondence, 1943 (March-April)
General correspondence, 1943 (May-June)
General correspondence, 1943 (July-August)
General correspondence, 1943 (September-December) [most of October-December missing?]
General correspondence, 1944
General correspondence, 1945 (January-September)
General correspondence, undated
 
Box 2
General
Letters from Claude C. Shotts [see also correspondence in other boxes]
Letters from Barrett Hollister [see also correspondence in other boxes]
Letters from Tom Shearer [see also correspondence in other boxes]
Correspondence with government officials -- miscellaneous
Correspondence with government officials -- Department of Commerce
Correspondence with government officials -- Office of Inter-American Affairs
Correspondence with government officials -- Office of Strategic Services
Correspondence with government officials -- UNRRA
“Special Projects Bulletin” #1-17 [missing #8, 10]
Memos sent
Plans; reports
Field reports; notes
Reports from camps re: their work projects
Statistics re: CPSers engaged in special projects
Lists of CPSers & their occupations / manpower
Manpower for special projects
Accident insurance for CPSers
Correspondence re: surplus supplies
Proposal (by Human Engineering Laboratory) for vocational & personality testing of CPSers, 1942-1943 [proposed only]
Placement of CPSers
Placement Council [includes dependency issues]
Summary of camp/project assignment preferences
Results of service interest poll: general
 
Box 3
Placement of CPSers
Results of service interest poll: lists [in camp number order]
Correspondence & reports re: finding placements for C.O.s as they were released from prison
Lists of institutions wishing to employ C.O. parolees
Using C.O. parolees on farms
Using C.O. parolees in hospitals & sanitariums
Using C.O. parolees in mental hospitals
Using C.O. parolees as prison chaplains
Special assignments for CPSers: lists, reports from CPS camps, etc.
Using CPSers in detached service projects
Using C.O.s as summer camp counselors on detached service
Detached service with UNRRA
Plans for transferring men from CPS Camps #99 & #101
Special Projects: Possibilities [some carried through]
Proposed projects
Special projects on the West Coast
Maryland State Planning Commission project [proposed only?]
Side Camp (to Camp #24) in Oakland (Maryland) [proposed only?]
Family Community Project of Addison, Michigan project [proposed only?]
Archeological work in Tennessee & Kentucky [proposed only?]
Institutions for the handicapped projects [proposed only?]
University of Washington engineering lab project [proposed only]
Red Cross packing center project [proposed only]
Social work projects: settlement houses [proposed only?]
Housing projects
Welfare work projects
 
Box 4
Special Projects: Possibilities [some carried through] (cont.)
Music therapy in mental hospitals & training schools
National Park Service project (on detached service)
Near East Foundation project (on detached service)
Birthright Inc project, 1944-1945 [proposed only]
War Food Administration project [proposed only]
Education & Training of CPSers
Education of CPSers
Education & training of CPSers -- School of Cooperative Living (CPS Camp #30, Walhalla, Michigan)
Education of CPSers -- School of Industrial Relations
Education of CPSers -- School of Nonviolence
Specialized camps for training & education -- miscellaneous
Training of CPSers
Training of CPSers -- Brethren CPS Cooking School (Camp Lyndhurst, Virginia)
Detached service training unit in international administration, Columbia University (for 48 weeks of study), 1942-1943
CPS Training Corps / CPS Reserve Training Corps [in spite of much planning, the Training Corps never completely came to fruition; only isolated training units were set up for short periods of time]
General Education Fund
Educational Council: meeting minutes, reports, etc., 1942-1943
Educational Council: correspondence, 1942

Box 4a
CPS Training Corps / CPS Reserve Training Corps [in spite of much planning, the Training Corps never completely came to fruition; only isolated training units were set up for short periods of time] (cont.)
Educational Council: correspondence, 1943
General correspondence, 1942 (November) - 1943 (March)
General correspondence, 1943 (April-September)
Correspondence with prospective trainees, 1942 (October-December)
 
Box 5
CPS Training Corps / CPS Reserve Training Corps [in spite of much planning, the Training Corps never completely came to fruition; only isolated training units were set up for short periods of time] (cont.)
Correspondence with prospective trainees, 1943 (January)
Correspondence with prospective trainees, 1943 (February)
Correspondence with prospective trainees, 1943 (March)
Correspondence with prospective trainees, 1943 (April-May)
Lists of C.O.s who were recommended or who applied [includes correspondence]
Record of transfers to CPS Reserve Corps
Miscellaneous material (re: planning, execution of plans, etc.)
Miscellaneous material: revision of document "Civilian Public Service Corps"
Brethren Reserve Program
Mennonite Reserve Program
Quaker Reserve Program [includes Swarthmore College]
 
Box 6
CPS Training Corps / CPS Reserve Training Corps [in spite of much planning, the Training Corps never completely came to fruition; only isolated training units were set up for short periods of time] (cont.)
China Unit [see Box 21 (Mobile Disaster Unit)]
Philadelphia Relief & Research Unit (CPS Camp #101)
Princeton Nationality Study [proposed only?]
Princeton Unit
Applicants (A-C): forms filled out
Applicants (D-H): forms filled out
Applicants (J-O): forms filled out
Applicants (P-Y): forms filled out
Progress reports of members of Corps who studied at Earlham College for term ending on March 26, 1943 [includes applications]
Advising schedules & course records for Civilian Foreign Service majors
Correspondence with Presidents of Quaker colleges; minutes of meetings of representatives of colleges
Correspondence etc. with Antioch College
 
Box 7
CPS Training Corps / CPS Reserve Training Corps [in spite of much planning, the Training Corps never completely came to fruition; only isolated training units were set up for short periods of time] (cont.)
Correspondence etc. with Earlham College
Correspondence etc. with Fisk University
Correspondence etc. with Friends University
Correspondence etc. with Guilford College [20 men participated in the Guilford Reconstruction & Relief Unit, February 1 - June 1, 1943]
Correspondence etc. with Haverford College [27 men participated in Haverford Reconstruction & Relief Unit, February 1 - _____, 1943]
Correspondence etc. with Nebraska Central College
Correspondence etc. with Pacific College
Correspondence etc. with Swarthmore College
Correspondence etc. with Whittier College
Correspondence etc. with William Penn College
Correspondence etc. with Wilmington College
Correspondence etc. with Yale University
Projects: Academic Research
Academic research projects: miscellaneous
Academic research projects: CPS Research Center ( Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Academic research projects: Pacifist Research Bureau [re: post-war problems]
Projects: Artificial Limb Construction
Correspondence; reports
Reference material
 
Box 8
Projects: Aviation
Air Pilot Training Program: possible Relief Wings Unit, etc., 1943
Air Pilot Training Program: possible Relief Wings Unit, etc., 1944-1945
Projects: Bureau of Reclamation
Miscellaneous [on detached service]
Projects: Coast & Geodetic Survey
Miscellaneous
Coast & Geodetic Survey unit, 1943
Projects: Community Service
Proposals, etc., 1942-1945
Projects: Cooperatives
Co-ops, mission groups, etc., 1942-1944
Projects: Department of the Interior
Land surveying, etc.
Office of Indian Affairs
Projects: Farm Labor
Agricultural projects
Agricultural projects: seed production
Plans [including proposed food production unit in Merom, Indiana]
Co-op farms
Farm Security Administration projects: general; correspondence
Farm Security Administration projects: farm labor; sanitation
 
Box 9
Projects: Farm Labor (cont.)
Emergency farm labor
Farm labor units: general
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations -- general [includes correspondence & reports], 1943-1945
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in California
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Colorado
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Connecticut
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Georgia
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Illinois
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Indiana
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Iowa
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Kansas
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Kentucky
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Maine
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Maryland
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Maryland -- Beltsville
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Maryland -- Naval Academy Dairy
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Michigan
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Minnesota
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Missouri
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Nebraska
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in New Jersey
 
Box 10
Projects: Farm Labor (cont.)
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in New York
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in North Carolina
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in North Dakota
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Ohio
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Oklahoma
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Pennsylvania
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Tennessee
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Virginia
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Washington (state)
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in West Virginia
Farm labor units: Agriculture Experiment Stations in Wisconsin
Artificial insemination of animals, 1943-1945
Dairy farms: general
Dairy farms, 1942-1943
Dairy farms, 1944-1945
Dairy herd testing: general
Dairy herd testing: correspondence, 1943-1945
Dairy herd testing: reference material
Dairy herd testing & breeding
 
Box 11
Projects: Farm Labor (cont.)
Dairy herd testing in California
Dairy herd testing in Connecticut
Dairy herd testing in Delaware
Dairy herd testing in Georgia
Dairy herd testing in Illinois
Dairy herd testing in Indiana
Dairy herd testing in Iowa
Dairy herd testing in Maine
Dairy herd testing in Maryland
Dairy herd testing in Michigan
Dairy herd testing in Minnesota
Dairy herd testing in Missouri
Dairy herd testing in Nevada
Dairy herd testing in New Jersey
Dairy herd testing in New York
Dairy herd testing in North Carolina
Dairy herd testing in Ohio
Dairy herd testing in Pennsylvania
Dairy herd testing in Vermont
Dairy herd testing in Virginia
Dairy herd testing in West Virginia
Dairy herd testing in Wisconsin
Requests for laborers: miscellaneous states
Requests for laborers: Alabama
Requests for laborers: California
Requests for laborers: Connecticut
 
Box 12
Projects: Farm Labor (cont.)
Requests for laborers: Illinois
Requests for laborers: Indiana
Requests for laborers: Iowa
Requests for laborers: Kansas
Requests for laborers: Maryland
Requests for laborers: Massachusetts
Requests for laborers: Michigan
Requests for laborers: Minnesota
Requests for laborers: Nebraska
Requests for laborers: Nevada
Requests for laborers: New Jersey
Requests for laborers: New York
Requests for laborers: North Carolina
Requests for laborers: Ohio
Requests for laborers: Oklahoma
Requests for laborers: Oregon
Requests for laborers: Pennsylvania
Requests for laborers: Tennessee
Requests for laborers: Texas
Requests for laborers: Virginia
Requests for laborers: Wisconsin
Projects: Foreign Units
Miscellaneous
England
Mexico
South America
 
Box 13
Projects: Forestry
Miscellaneous
Detailing of CPSers from Camp #12 ( Cooperstown, New York) to Hopkins Memorial Experimental Forest ( Williamstown, Massachusetts) [side camp]
Forestry unit: Appalachian Forest Experiment Station ( Asheville, North Carolina)
Forestry unit: North Pacific Region Forestry Service Project, 1944
Forestry unit: Olustee Experimental Forest ( Lake City, Florida)
Smokejumpers (Parachute Unit)
Smokejumpers’ projects: miscellaneous
Smokejumpers: applications denied
Smokejumpers: reference material
Forestry: reference material
Projects: Hospitals & Mental Hospitals [it seems that some of this effort was overseen by the Special Projects Section, instead of by the Mental Hygiene Program of CPS, but it is unclear how much]
General correspondence
Efforts re: hospitals & mental hospitals, etc.: general
Efforts re: mental hospitals: general
Outline Section memos [incomplete set]
Memos to unit representatives
Conferences & meetings
Trip/visit reports re: hospital units
 
Box 14
Projects: Hospitals & Mental Hospitals (cont.)
Survey of CPS units attached to hospitals & mental hospitals, 1943 (May)
Reports from hospital unit questionnaire, June 1, 1943 [re: public relations, statistics, work time, time off, living conditions, educational activities, unit organization]; other reports
Reports from CPS units (in mental hospitals) of CPSers "living off premises," 1945 (January)
Training of CPS mental hospital attendants
Training & education of CPSers for hospitals services
Reports from units re: level of orientation & training offered by hospitals & mental hospitals, etc..
Survey of assistant directors of hospital units, 1943 (January)
Reports from units re: types of jobs filled by CPSers
Labor shortages in hospitals & mental hospitals
Lists of hospitals, mental hospitals, schools of nursing for men
Correspondence re: CPS men joining the Volunteer Nurses’ Training Corps
Women’s CPS unit/s
Efforts to establish CPS camps/units in tuberculosis (TB) hospitals / sanitariums
Efforts to establish CPS camps/units in orthopedic hospitals
Outside work for CPSers serving in hospitals, etc. [re: Administrative Directive #4]

Box 15
Projects: Hospitals & Mental Hospitals (cont.)
Correspondence of/with the Mental Hygiene Program of CPS, 1942
Correspondence of/with the Mental Hygiene Program of CPS, 1943
Correspondence of/with the Mental Hygiene Program of CPS, 1944
Correspondence of/with the Mental Hygiene Program of CPS, 1945
Correspondence of/with the Mental Hygiene Program of CPS, 1946
Mental Hygiene Program of CPS: “Progress & Action Bulletin” #5-18 [missing #1-4, 16]
Mental Hygiene Program of CPS: mailings & releases, 1944-1945
Mental Hygiene Program of CPS: Exchange Service
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Alabama [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in California
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Colorado
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #78 Colorado Psychopathic Hospital (Denver, Colorado)
 
Box 16
Projects: Hospitals & Mental Hospitals (cont.)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Connecticut
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #68 Norwich State [Mental] Hospital (Norwich, Connecticut)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #81 Connecticut State [Mental] Hospital (Middletown, Connecticut)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #82 Fairfield State Hospital (Newtown, Connecticut)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #91 Mansfield State Training School (Mansfield, Connecticut)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Delaware
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #58 Delaware State [Mental] Hospital (Farnhurst, Delaware)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #124 State Training School (Stockley, Delaware)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Florida
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #27 Florida State Board of Health (Crestview, Florida)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Illinois
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #26 Alexian Brothers Hospital (Chicago, Illinois)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Indiana
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #139 Logansport State [Mental] Hospital (Logansport, Indiana)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Iowa
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #86 Mt. Pleasant State [Mental] Hospital (Mt. Pleasant, Iowa)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #131 Cherokee State [Mental] Hospital (Cherokee, Iowa)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #137 Independence State [Mental] Hospital (Independence, Iowa)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Kansas
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Maine
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Maryland
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #132 State Training School (Laurel, Maryland)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Massachusetts
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Michigan
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #90 Ypsilanti State [Mental] Hospital (Ypsilanti, Michigan)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #120 Kalamazoo State [Mental] Hospital (Kalamazoo, Michigan)
 
Box 17
Projects: Hospitals & Mental Hospitals (cont.)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Minnesota [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Mississippi [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Missouri [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Nebraska [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in New Hampshire
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #84 New Hampshire State [Mental] Hospital (Concord, New Hampshire)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in New Jersey
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #63 New Jersey State [Mental] Hospital (Marlboro, New Jersey)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #77 Greystone Park State [Medical] Hospital (Greystone Park, New Jersey)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #80 Lyons Veterans’ Hospital (Lyons, New Jersey)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #80 Lyons Veterans’ Hospital (Lyons, New Jersey): releases re: mental illness/hospitals
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #119 State Training School [& Hospital] (New Lisbon, New Jersey)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #136 Skillman State [Mental] Hospital and/or Skillman Village for Epileptics (Skillman, New Jersey)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in New York
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #50 Presbyterian Hospital (New York, New York)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #65 Utica State [Mental] Hospital (Utica, New York)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #144 Hudson River State [Mental] Hospital (Poughkeepsie, New York)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #145 Wassaic State Training School (Wassaic, New York)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in North Carolina
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Ohio, 1942
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Ohio, 1945
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Ohio -- sponsorship of Ohio Mental Hygiene Conference, Columbus (Ohio), March 26, 1946
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #69 Cleveland State [Mental] Hospital (Cleveland, Ohio)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #70 Dayton State [Mental] Hospital ( Dayton, Ohio)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #71 Lima State [Mental] Hospital (Lima, Ohio)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #72 Hawthorden State [Mental] Hospital (Macedonia, Ohio)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #73 Columbus State [Mental] Hospital (Columbus, Ohio)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #147 State Training School (Tiffin, Ohio)
 
Box 18
Projects: Hospitals & Mental Hospitals (cont.)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Oklahoma [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Oregon
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Pennsylvania
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #49 Philadelphia State [Mental] Hospital [Byberry] (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #66 Norristown State [Mental] Hospital (Norristown, Pennsylvania)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #83 Warren State [Mental] Hospital (Warren, Pennsylvania)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #93 Harrisburg State [Mental] Hospital (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #118 Western State [Mental] Hospital (Wernersville, Pennsylvania)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #110 All-State [Mental] Hospital (Allentown, Pennsylvania)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #129 Pennhurst State Training School (Spring City, Pennsylvania)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Puerto Rico & the Virgin Islands
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Rhode Island
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #85 State Hospital for Mental Diseases (Howard, Rhode Island)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #117 Exeter State Training School [& Hospital] (Lafayette, Rhode Island)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in South Carolina [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in South Dakota [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Tennessee [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Texas [none established]
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Virginia
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #44 Western State [Mental] Hospital (Staunton, Virginia)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #109 Southwestern State Hospital (Marion, Virginia)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Washington
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #51 Western State [Mental] Hospital (Fort Steilacoom, Washington)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #75 Eastern State [Mental] Hospital (Medical Lake, Washington)
Establishment etc. of camp/unit #95 State Training School [& Hospital] (Buckley, Washington)
Inquiries and/or plans for establishment of CPS camps/units in Wisconsin
Reference material: mental illness/hospitals
Reference material: National Mental Health Program
Reference material: People’s Committee for Mental Hygiene
 
Box 19
Projects: Human Guinea Pig Experiments (OSG & OSRD)
[see list of sub-units for 115 & 140]
Report “The Use of Civilian Public Service Men in Scientific Research” by the American Friends Service Committee, 1944 (October)
General: planning, forms, manuscript, etc.
Office of Scientific Research & Development [OSRD]: contracts -- lists
General correspondence, 1942-1943
General correspondence, 1944
General correspondence, 1945-1946
Office of the Surgeon General [OSG]: correspondence, etc.
Correspondence re: OSRD study of dysentery vaccine
Correspondence re: possible OSRD project at Neuropathic Institute, The University of Illinois, Chicago (Illinois)
Correspondence re: possible OSRD project at the John B. Pierce Laboratory of Hygiene, Yale University, New Haven (Connecticut)
Correspondence re: possible OSRD project at Marquette University School of Medicine, Milwaukee (Wisconsin)
Correspondence re: possible nutrition research project in Puerto Rico
Correspondence re: possible OSRD project (contract #174) at Harvard University Medical School
Correspondence re: possible OSRD project at the Nutrition Foundation
Reports by Dr. David B. Tyler, California Institute of Technology, re: OSRD project on motion sickness of troops, etc. (contract #282) [used CPSers??]
Cholera control research
Influenza research (in CPS camp)
Intravenous fluid research at Baxter Laboratory [proposed only]
Malaria research by Dr. William F. Bruce at Cornell University (Department of Chemistry) [proposed only?]
Use of CPS men in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) for whooping cough serum experiment [probably not unit 140.2]
Experiments in California: general
 
Box 20
Projects: Human Guinea Pig Experiments (OSG & OSRD) (cont.)
[see list of sub-units for 115 & 140]
Unit 115.1: California Institute of Technology (Pasadena, California) -- malaria / fatigue experiments under the direction of Dr. J.B. Koepfli (1946) & Dr. David B. Tyler (contracts #282 & 212)
Unit 115.2: University of Southern California (Los Angeles) -- altitude pressure experiments under the direction of Dr. D.R. Drury (contract #288) [only 1 CPSer, Joseph Goodman, participated]
Unit 115.3: Welfare Island Hospital (Welfare Island, New York) -- altitude pressure / specially-balanced diets for pre-flight or in-flight meals experiments under the direction of Dr. Charles Glen King & Dr. Kurt Lange [not sure if all of this material belongs with this sub-unit]
Unit 115.4: Welfare Island Hospital (Welfare Island, New York) -- life raft/boat rations experiments under the direction of Dr. David Schwimmer
Unit 115.5: Nutrition Foundation Inc. (New York, New York) -- high altitude / physiological changes in man at simulated high altitudes / effect of low oxygen pressure on nutritional requirements experiments under the direction of Dr. Charles G. King & Dr. Alvin L. Barach (contract #224) [experiments took place at Goldwater Memorial Hospital]
Unit 115.5: Nutrition Foundation Inc. (New York, New York) -- high altitude / physiological changes in man at simulated high altitudes / effect of low oxygen pressure on nutritional requirements experiments under the direction of Dr. Morris Eckman (contract #47)
Unit 115.6: Metropolitan Hospital (Welfare Island, New York) -- frostbite experiments under the direction of Dr. Kurt Lange (contract #533)
Unit 115.7 [part 1]: Department of Chemistry, Harvard University -- ___ experiments under the direction of Dr. Paul D. Bartlett (contract #136) [only 1 CPSer, Curtis Packer, participated]
Unit 115.7 [part 2]: Pyscho-Acoustic Laboratory, Harvard University -- psycho-acoustic experiments under the direction of Dr. S.S. Stevens (1943-1945) & E.B. Newman (1946) (contract #658)
Unit 115.7 [part 2 continued]: Crufts Laboratory, Harvard University -- psycho-acoustic experiments under the direction of Dr. W.H. Forbes & Dr. Cecil K. Drinker
Unit 115.8: New York University (New York, New York) -- poison gas experiments under the direction of _____ [proposed only?]
Unit 115.9: Stanford University (Palo Alto, California) -- malaria experiments under the direction of Dr. Francis W. Bergstrom (contract #343) [only 1 CPSer, Andrew Benson Jr., participated]
Unit 115.10: Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, Massachusetts) -- sea water / emergency rations for lifeboats experiments under the direction of Dr. Allan M. Butler (contract #478)
Unit 115.12: University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan) -- weather / tropical climate experiments under the direction of Dr. Jerome W. Conn & Margaret Johnson (contract #232)
Unit 115.13: Haskins Laboratories (New York, New York) -- sensory device experiments under the direction of Dr. Frank S. Cooper & Paul H. Zahl
Unit 115.14: University of Rochester School of Medicine (Rochester, New York) -- cold weather / diet & altitude experiments under the direction of Dr. Wallace O. Fenn & Dr. E.F. Adolph (contracts #147 & 483)
Unit 115.15: Department of Physiology, Indiana University (Bloomington, Indiana) -- climatology & clothing experiments under the direction of Dr. Sid Robinson (contract #351)
Unit 115.16 [part 1]: University of Michigan -- physiological hygiene experiments under the direction of Dr. F.E. Bartell (contract #252)
Unit 115.17 and 115.18: Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene, University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, Minnesota) -- starvation (rations / nutrition) / thiamine experiments under the direction of Dr. Ancel Keys (contracts #27 & 413, & more?)
Unit 115.17 and 115.18: Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene, University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, Minnesota) -- publications/reports by/about experiments
Unit 115.17 [part 1]: Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene, University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, Minnesota) -- starvation (rations / nutrition) / thiamine experiments under the direction of Dr. Ancel Keys (contract #27)
Unit 115.17 [part 2]: Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene, University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, Minnesota) -- starvation (rations / nutrition) / thiamine experiments under the direction of Dr. Ancel Keys (contract #413)
Univ 115.19: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, Massachusetts) -- malaria experiments under the direction of Dr. L.F. Hamilton (& Dr. Foster?) (contract #191)

Box 21
Projects: Human Guinea Pig Experiments (OSG & OSRD) (cont.)
[see list of sub-units for 115 & 140]
Unit 115.20: Ohio State University (Columbus, Ohio) -- physiology / explosive decompression experiments under the direction of Dr. Fred A. Hitchcock & Frank A. Hartman (contract #74)
Unit 115.21: general
Unit 115.21 [part 1]: University of Rochester (Rochester, New York) -- nutrition? experiments under the direction of Dr. Wallace O. Fenn (contract #147)
Unit 115.21 [part 2]: Strong Memorial Hospital / University of Rochester (Rochester, New York) -- physiology experiments under the direction of Dr. John Murlin (contract #376)
Unit 115.21 [part 3]: Strong Memorial Hospital? / University of Rochester (Rochester, New York) -- water metabolism in the desert(?) experiments under the direction of Dr. Edward F. Adolph (contract #206)
Unit 115.22 [part 1]: Third New York University Medical Division, Goldwater Memorial Hospital (Welfare Island, New York) -- malaria (research / clinical studies) experiments under the direction of Dr. James I. Shannon (contract #112) AND Unit 115.22 [part 2]: Research Service, Goldwater Memorial Hospital (Welfare Island, New York) -- malaria experiments under the direction of Dr. James I. Shannon & Dr. David P. Earle
Unit 115.22 [part 3]: Nutrition Foundation Inc. (New York, New York) -- folic acid experiments under the direction of Dr. Charles G. King
Unit 115.23: Department of Medicine, University of Chicago (Manteno, Illinois) -- malaria experiments under the direction of Dr. Alf S. Alving (contract #450)
Unit 115.24 [part 1]: Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, Massachusetts) -- malaria experiments under the direction of Dr. Allan M. Butler (contract #419)
Unit 115.24 [part 2]: Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, Massachusetts) -- metabolism & convalescence experiments under the direction of Dr. Fuller Albright & Dr. E.C. Reifenstein Jr. (contract #169)
Unit 115.25: Department of Chemistry, Columbia University (New York, New York) -- malaria experiments under the direction of Dr. Robert C. Elderfield (contract #340)
Unit 115.26: Cornell University Medical College, New York Hospital (New York, New York) -- bed rest experiments under the direction of Dr. David P. Barr (contract #417) [there were also bed rest experiments under the direction of Dr. John E. Deitrick at Cornell Medical Center and at New York Hospital; some of this may belong in 115.27]
Unit 115.27: Cornell University (Ithaca, New York) -- bed rest / cold conditions experiments under the direction of Dr. Norman S. Moore & Dr. Maynard (contract #425) [there were also hypostatic pneumonia & bed rest experiments under the direction of Dr. John E. Deitrick, and other experiments under the direction of Dr. Norman & Dr. Barr]
Unit 115.28: University of Illinois Medical School (Chicago, Illinois) -- high altitude / cold weather experiments under the direction of Dr. R.W. Keeton & Dr. H.H. Mitchell (contract #234)
Unit 115.29: Frank Billings Medical Clinic, University of Chicago (Manteno, Illinois) -- high altitude / aviation medicine experiments under the direction of Dr. Henry Ricketts (contract #113)
Unit 115.30: University of Illinois (Urbana, Illinois) -- heat / tropical conditions experiments under the direction of Dr. H.H. Mitchell (contract #227)
Unit 115.31: Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Northwestern University Medical School (Chicago, Illinois) -- diet-altitude experiments under the direction of Dr. Theodore E. Friedemann & Dr. A.C. Ivy (contract #373)
Unit 115.32: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education & Research [or Mayo Clinic], University of Minnesota (Rochester, Minnesota) -- aero-medical experiments under the direction of Dr. E.J. Baldes (& Dr. Donald C. Balfour & Dr. W.M. Boothby?) (contract #129)
Unit 115.[33] (& Unit 140.1): atypical pneumonia experiments carried out at CPS camps under the direction of Major Theo J. Abernathy & Dr. John Dingle (director of Ft. Bragg in 1944), 1943
Unit 115.[33] (& Unit 140.1): atypical pneumonia experiments carried out at CPS camps under the direction of Major Theo J. Abernathy & Dr. John Dingle (director of Ft. Bragg in 1944), 1944 (January-June)

Box 22
Projects: Human Guinea Pig Experiments (OSG & OSRD) (cont.)
[see list of sub-units for 115 & 140]
Unit 115.[33] (& Unit 140.1): atypical pneumonia experiments carried out at CPS camps under the direction of Major Theo J. Abernathy & Dr. John Dingle (director of Ft. Bragg in 1944), 1944 (July-December)
Unit 115.[33] (& Unit 140.1): atypical pneumonia experiments carried out at CPS camps under the direction of Major Theo J. Abernathy & Dr. John Dingle (director of Ft. Bragg in 1944), 1945
Unit 115.[34]: John Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, Maryland) -- convalescence / protein metabolism experiments under the direction of Dr. Roy S. Bigham Jr. (contract #189)
Unit 115.[36]: Memorial Hospital for the Treatment of Cancer & Allied Diseases (New York, New York) -- metabolic effect of testosterone experiments under the direction of Dr. Fred W. Stewart & Dr. C.P. Rhoads [only 1 CPSer, Eugene Collier, was involved]
Unit 115.[37]: Laboratories of the International Health Division, Rockefeller Foundation (New York, New York) -- louse-killing agents to control typhus fever experiments under the direction of Dr. W.A. Davis [includes CPS camp #32 (West Campton, NH)]
Unit 140.1 -- see Unit 115.[33]
Unit 140.2: Philadelphia University Hospital (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) -- jaundice / infectious hepatitis experiments under the direction of Dr. (Captain) John R. Neefe & Dr. Joseph Stokes Jr, & Dr. John R. Paul [also used 20 men from Philadelphia State Hospital (Byberry)] AND Unit 140.3: Commission on Neurotropic Virus Diseases (New Haven, Connecticut) -- jaundice / infectious hepatitis experiments under the direction of Dr. John R. Paul (New Haven Hospital) at Yale University [used men from CPS Units #81 & #82]

Projects: Mobile Disaster Units
Mobile Disaster Units; general [includes reports & drawings of possible armband emblem]
Mobile Disaster Units: correspondence, 1942-1943
Mobile Disaster Units: China Relief Unit
Projects: Public Health
Miscellaneous
Venereal disease mitigation [proposed only?]
Possible project/s in Alabama [proposed only?]
Possible project/s in California
 
Box 23
Projects: Public Health (cont.)
Possible project/s in Florida, 1943
Possible project/s in Florida, 1944-1945
Project in Florida: CPS Camp #27 -- correspondence of Ralph Townsend (Director), 1942-1945
Project in Florida: CPS Camp #27 -- Crestview Unit
Project in Florida: CPS Camp #27 -- Wakulla Unit [formerly Crestview]
Project in Florida: CPS Camp #27 -- Mulberry Unit
Project in Florida: CPS Camp #27 -- Orlando Unit
Possible project/s in Georgia [proposed only]
Possible project/s in Illinois [proposed only]
Possible project/s in Maryland [proposed only]
Projects in Mississippi: CPS Camp #141, etc.
Possible project/s in New Mexico [proposed only]
Possible project/s in North Carolina [proposed only]
Possible project/s in Ohio [proposed only]
Projects in Puerto Rico: CPS Camp #43 (Unit/s), etc.
Possible project/s in Tennessee [proposed only]
Project in the Virgin Islands: CPS Camp #43 (Unit)
Possible project/s in the Philippines [proposed only]
 
Box 24
Projects: Soil Conservation Service
Soil Conservation Service projects
Soil Conservation Service projects: reports from CPS camps
Projects: Training Schools
Training School projects: miscellaneous
Training School projects: Connecticut - Michigan
Training School projects: Ohio - Wisconsin
Training School projects: work with juvenile delinquents
Training School projects: work with juvenile delinquents (cont.)
Projects: War Relocation Authority
Memo of Understanding between WRA & NSBRO
General correspondence, etc.
Relocation of Japanese-Americans from internment camps
Relocation of Japanese-Americans: CPSers interested in project (lists)
Relocation of Japanese-Americans: CPSers interested in project (applications A-H)
 
Box 25
Projects: War Relocation Authority (cont.)
Relocation of Japanese-Americans: CPSers interested in project (applications I-Z)
Transfers of CPSers
American Friends Service Committee [AFSC], 1943 (Fall); 1944 (Fall)
Brethren Service Committee [BSC], 1943 (Fall); 1944 (Fall)
Mennonite Central Committee [MCC], 1943 (Fall); 1944 (Fall)
Miscellaneous, 1943 (Fall)
Miscellaneous, 1944 (Fall)
West Coast transfers (& demobilization plans), 1945
Miscellaneous, undated
Demobilization of CPSers
Demobilization aid centers: miscellaneous, 1944 (December) - 1946 (March)
Demobilization aid centers: Cincinnati (Ohio)
Demobilization aid centers: New Orleans (Louisiana)
 



 This file was last updated on January 4, 2011

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