Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Henry Ford Peace Expedition Records, 1915-1916

Collection: DG 018




Contact Information

Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Creator
Henry Ford Peace Expedition
Title
Henry Ford Peace Expedition Records
Inclusive Dates
1915-1916
Call Number
DG 018

Language of Materials
Materials in English
Extent
14.37 linear feet [papers only]
Abstract
On December 4, 1915, Henry Ford and over one hundred delegates and reporters left Hoboken, New Jersey, aboard the steamship Oscar II bound for Norway, and an itinerary of peace meetings in nonbelligerant Europe. The purpose of the Henry Ford Peace Expedition was the establishment of a conference of neutral nations which would seek to implement peace proposals through continuous mediation. Although Ford left the expedition at Christiana (Oslo) for health reasons, the delegation visited European pacifists in Stockholm and The Hague before returning to the United States in January 191

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
Yes, the portion of the collection which is microfilmed is located off-site. Use microfilm reels.
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, microfilm reels 76.1-76.4
Acquisitions Information
Gift of
Carl Wittke[ Acc. 48-034]; Mrs. John Thompson [Acc. 49-063]; Ben Huebsch [Acc. 49-096], [Acc.60-028]; Ford Motor Company Archives [Acc. 53-048]; and Barbara Kraft [Acc. 99A-032]
Processing Information
Processed by SCPC staff; this version of the finding aid created by Andrew Ciampa, May 2011.
[Identification of item], in the Henry Ford Peace Expedition Records (DG 018), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Related Collections
Rosika Schwimmer Collected Papers

Historical Background
On December 4, 1915, Henry Ford (1863-1947) and over one hundred delegates and reporters left Hoboken, New Jersey, aboard the steamship Oscar II bound for Christiana, Norway, the first port of call on an itinerary of peace meetings in nonbelligerant Europe. Less than a month before the Oscar II sailed, Rosika Schwimmer (1877-1948), who became the expedition's "general secretary," persuaded Ford to finance the voyage. The purpose of the Henry Ford Peace Expedition was the establishment of a conference of neutral nations which would seek to implement peace proposals through continuous mediation.

Although Ford left the expedition at Christiana (Oslo) for health reasons, the delegation visited European pacifists in Stockholm and The Hague before returning to the United States in January 191 In late February, representatives from the European neutral nations met with a remnant of the Ford Peace Expedition to establish the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation (NCCM) at Stockholm. Several months later, the site of the sessions was transferred to The Hague. Work on proposals continued until the end of 1916, with Louis P. Lochner playing a key role in this attempt to encourage peace overtures and establish principles which could serve as the basis for an equitable peace settlement.


Collection Overview
The collected records of the Henry Ford Peace Expedition in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection are neither the official records of the Expedition nor those of the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation. The bulk of the materials were donated by various members of the expedition and include scattered correspondence and personal files of Louis P. Lochner, Benjamin W. Huebsch, Arthur L. Weatherly, Theodore A. Hostetler, and John E. Jones. This section of the collection includes diaries, correspondence (1915-1916), statements, speeches, passenger lists and biographies, press releases, pamphlets, the Argosy (a shipboard newsletter), menus, invitations, press credentials and visiting cards as well as clippings (1915-1925), and photographs. Also present is a file of Lochner's on Corda Fratres, an international student organization. Documents of the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation include minutes (1916), releases, manifestos, and bulletins. The work of the NCCM is described in the conference publications, most of which are printed in English, but include some items in French, German, Swedish, and Esperanto.

In 1999, Barbara S Kraft, the author of The Peace Ship: Henry Ford's Pacifist Adventure in the First World War, donated her extensive files of materials on the Expedition. Kraft had collected correspondence, published pamphlets, and biographical material on Expedition participants from archival collections in Europe and North America in preparation for her book. These files form Series B. of this collection.

Correspondents in the whole collection, in addition to all those named above, are Katherine Devereux Blake, Katherine Leckie, Lola Maverick Lloyd, Lewis A. Maverick, Gaston Plantiff, Frances Pogany, May Wright Sewall, and Julia Grace Wales.

Items removed:
Photographs
Audio Visual items: interviews with Alice Park; Louis Lochner

Arrangement of Collection
All accessions, except for the materials donated in 1999 by Barbara S. Kraft, are organized into six boxes (boxes 1-5a). Secondary material about the Expedition was grouped together, then papers of individual members, printed material from the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation, and then correspondence. This material was microfilmed. Additional items were received after the microfilming process and they are grouped together in the last box of Series I, box 5a. The materials received from Barbara Kraft are grouped together and (as of July 1999) remain as the donor organized them. This material was not microfilmed. However, the donor included a small piece of microfilm of several finding aids and miscellaneous resources she had collected during her research. This film is Reel 76




Detailed Description of the Collection

SERIES A: ORIGINAL ACCESSION
Box 1 [off site] Reel 76.1
"Who's Who" and list of members

Pamphlets
Clippings and articles
Clippings from Washington, D.C. Papers
Clippings from The Boston Traveler, 1916 (January 7 - February 15)
Clippings
Pamphlets and photographs
Clippings, 1915 [not on microfilm]

Box 2 [off site]
Papers of Benjamin W. Huebsch
-Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation (NCCM)
-Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation Bulletin's Speeches, Proposals, and Resolutions
-Correspondence, Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation Bulletins, and Cable grams
-Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation Bulletins and Programs
-Reports, Plans, and Speeches relating to Ford Peace Expedition

Box 3 [off site]
Papers of Benjamin W. Huebsch
-Correspondence
-Argosy [2 folders]
-Travel arrangements, visiting cards, and photographs [removed to SCPC Photograph Collection]
-Passenger lists
-Bulletins, Resolutions, and Minutes (Reel 76.2)
Julia Grace Wales
American Neutral Conference Committee
Fred Vetd Ret and The Orcadian
International Congress of Students

Box 4 [off site]
Papers of Members
-Correspondence of Louis P. Lochner
-Clippings
-Material by Louis P. Lochner
-Articles, clippings, and letters
-Travels of Louis P. Lochner with Ford Expedition and in Germany
-Papers of Theodore A. Hostetler
-Papers of John E. Jones

Box 5 [off site]
Minutes of Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation (NCCM)
Minutes of March 11, 1916 [added after filming, not located on microfilm ]
Papers of Arthur L. Weatherly
Minutes of the Provisional Central Committee of the Neutral Conference (Reel 76.3)
Material written or collected by Arthur L. Weatherly
Minutes, members, statement, reports, bulletins, speeches, and discussions of Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation

Box 5a (Not on microfilm, box on site)
Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation, 1916
-Weekly summaries
-Statements, minutes, reports
-Miscellaneous pamphlets
Henry Ford and The Peace of Europe [by Louis Lochner, 1916?]
Manuscript from Labadie Collection, Rebecca Shelley, n.d.

SERIES B: FILES OF BARBARA KRAFT
Miscellaneous files collected on the Henry Ford Peace Expedition (unprocessed as of July 1999)

Miscellaneous finding aids collected by Barbara Kraft. List available in SCPC office files (Reel 76.4)

Box 1 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Cables - Oscar - Post December 1917
Ecev Oscar - Students
FPE-Shift
Erev Oscar II - Not Used
Background Notes - Chapter 9
Lists 6 Members
U.S. Diplomats Abroad at the Time
December 10-17
December - 18 and to Scandanavia
Correspondence - Pending Reply

Box 2 [box on site, not microfilmed]
The Row - December 10
December 4 and 5
December 7 and 8
December 9
Ford, Rosika, Rex Office and Jake
Mid-Voyage Summation / Basic Stuff
Miscellaneous
Bios in Press
BCKRA - PELB
Press

Box 3 [box on site, not microfilmed]
9 - Oscar - Background
Lists - Biltmore and Oscar
Delegates - Oscar
At the Pier
Rejections
Early Miscellaneous
Miscellaneous Papers

Box 4 [box on site, not microfilmed]
The Last Billionaire
Ford's Other Interests
Newspaper Clippings for FA Clipbooks
Dodge Brothers Case
Charles E Sorensen "My Forty Years with Ford"
Charles Merz "And Then Came Ford"
Julia Grace Wales
A Weatherley
Press - Miscellaneous Biographies
Berton Braley "Pegasus Pulls a Hack"
Miscellaneous Papers

Box 5 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Press
Elmer Davis
Lewis Maverick
Florence Holbrook
David Starr Jordan
Lochner - Post-Expedition
Henry Ford - Notes
Ernest Liebold - Oral Reminiscences
Ann Hood FA 653
Henry Ford Personality
1 Thomas Alva Edison
1 Henry Ford Bio by Owen Bombard, Ford Archives
1 Ford Notes III 1 Ford Personality Notes, Continued

Box 6 [box on site, not microfilmed]
"Memories of my Brother Henry Ford" by Margaret Ford Ruddiman and Oral Reminiscences Michigan History, v. 37, 1953
Ford Times July 1963, 1915-1917 re: Henry Ford
Brief Excerpts from Books on Ford Ike Hoover
Miscellaneous
Paul Russell - Correspondence
Miscellaneous Papers

Box 7 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous Papers

Box 8 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous Papers
January, February 1917
Introduction
Closing - Europe
Anna Garlin Spencer
Emily Greene Balch and Fannie Fern Andrews, Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation

Box 9 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous Papers
Interregnum - MS
Notes - Done
Background - chapter 13 - Stockholm II
Miscellaneous Chapter 13 - Stockholm II
Emily Greene Balch and Fannie Fern Andrews, Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation

Box 10 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous Papers
Staff
Notes
The Chicago Tribune - Caroyln Wilson
Holt - Fels - Copenhagen
Notes, Minutes Febrary 28th
Hamilton Holt

Box 11 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Conference Notes
Christiania - Notes
Peace Organizations - Lists
Post - Ruckus
Typed manuscript
The New York World - J. J. O'Neill
State - RG 59 File series 300.115
State - RG 59 File Series 814611 (Re: Schwimmer 1924)
Miscellaneous papers

Box 12 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous Papers
The Daily Cardinal - Re Julia Grace Wales
APPE ALS
AF in America
Delegates Oscar
Julia Grace Wales - Newspaper articles about her

Box 13 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous papers
Ragaz Hours and Diary - Swiss
State - RG 84 - Records of Foreign Service Posts - The Hague
March
CONF and RS
Julia Grace Wales - Stockholm II - February
March - CHRON and For Office
New York Times - Elmer Davis
File
American delegates

Box 14 [box on site, not microfilmed]
13
SCHU - MAV Mediation
NEH, NHPC, GSA & Related General Correspondence
"North Dakota and the Ford Peace Ship" by Robert P Wilkins (North Dakota History)
Lochner Berlin Zimmerman
Background done
Miscellaneous papers

Box 15 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Chronicle - September 1916, includes America
Addenda
Peace Sentiment - Europe - Fall and Winter 1916 - For Rel Documents
Closing Finances and First Draft
Yale House Papers
Hampton Institute
Afterwards
Ford Archives Accessions
Anniversary of Ford Peace Ewpedition
The New York Sun - A.E. Hartzell
Miscellaneous papers

Box 16 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous papers
Finding Ford Papers
Done - File at End
Lochner
Caesar
T. Delavigne
Jake Greenberg
Rexford Holmes
R. Neely and Plantiff
Gaston Plantiff
Van Arsdale Turner
Our Town, Greenwich, Connecticut. Talcott, ed.
FA 167 - Irving Cassar Papers
George Bowman

Box 17 [box on site, not microfilmed]
DELS- Miscellaneous Biographies
Charles P Aked "What I Have Learned About Peacemaking" (articles)
Emily Greene Balch
Balch Refund
John D. Barry
Herman Bernstein
Lloyd and Amelia Bingham
Katherine Devereux Blake
Inez Milholland Boissevain
William Jennings Bryan
Ada Morse Clark
Grace De Graff
Elli Erickson
Harry Carroll Evans
Mrs. Mary Fels
Hanna & Sam Clark
Fred & Lillian Holt
B.W. Huebsch
Ellis O. Jones
Richard H Thomas PhD thesis on Jenkin Lloyd Jones
David Starr Jordan Papers

Box 18 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Judson King
Alfred W Kliefoth
Levussove
Ben B. Lindsey
Ben Lindsey - Erev Oscar
Ben Lindsey - biography [4 folders]
William Jennings Bryan
Lindsey and Ford post-Expedition
Ben Lindsey - Afterwards
Lola Maverick Lloyd
Aino Malmberg
S S McClure (representative of Evening Mail)
S S Marquis papers
Lewis Maverick
Frieda Mylecraine
Alice Park
Helen Ring Robinson

Box 19 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Mary Wright Sewall
Rebecca Shelley
The $900 - Julia Grace Wales
Copenhagen
International Meeting
Ford's Return
Home - Statements

Box 20 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Anti-OORLOG RAAD (Dutch anti war society)
The Week After
Miscellaneous (no label)
Finances
Noted - but not needed to rewrite
Dutch [2 folders]
Noordam
Miscellaneous
Hague - miscellaneous - done
Public meetings, receptions - Hague
Friek Decs background
Accounts - November 28th on
Miscellaneous (no label)
Stockholm Background [2 folders]
Copenhagen

Box 21 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Copenhagen [2 folders]
FN - Stockholm
Train through Germany
Miscellaneous (no label)
Copenhagen - notes
Miscellaneous
Fred VIII
Stockholm I
Christiania
Stockholm - notes
Notes

Box 22 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Notes [2 folders]
Correspondence and newspaper clippings
Other articles on Ford Peace Expedition
Miscellaneous (4)
Woman's Peace Party -- Madison, Wisconsin branch
Social

Box 23 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous
Hotels, public meetings
"Henry Ford's peace ship: not a better idea"

Box 24 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Poetry
MA - November 22--end
Bartholdt
Background, November 27, 1915
Governers
Foreign Press
Correspondence
December 2-4, 1915
Correspondence and newspaper clippings [2 folders]
Foreign relations, 1915
Finances [2 folders]
International Peace Congress, October 11-13, 1915 (in San Francisco and Berkeley)

Box 25 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Articles and newspaper clippings on Ford Peace Expedition
American Press
Miscellaneous
General Purpose Committee/Committee of Activities and Outlook meeting minutes [2 folders]
Provisional Central Committee of the Neutral Conference
What they did
Miscellaneous publications
demain, June 15, 1916

Box 26 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Miscellaneous
Miscellaneous writings
Agenda
Miscellaneous writings and correspondence
Miscellaneous
Committee on Publicity and Propaganda/Publicity and Propaganda Department and Committee on Constructive Peace
The Work of the Neutral Conference - weekly summaries
The Neutral Conference [2 folders]
General Secretary's Bulletins

Box 27 [box on site, not microfilmed]
The Daily Review [2 folders]
Committee for Immediate Action/International Committee for Immediate Mediation
"Constructive Mediation" and "Toward World Government," G. Nasmyth
"Towards an Enduring Peace," Bourne
League to Enforce Peace
Miscellaneous publications
"The Fight for Peace," Devere Allen
"Society Mobilizes for Peace" and Our Future Peace Program
The History of Peace, Beales
Miscellaneous
Original material--voyage, April 1915

Box 28 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Hague Congress
Rosika Schwimmer, EGB visits
Wilson--neutrality, mediation
Chapter II--rough first draft
Rosika Schwimmerspeeches
Rosika Schwimmer chronology--August 1914-January 1915, chapter II and III (mostly)
Rosika Schwimmer America
Background notes
Chapter III background (3)
Notes
The Woman's Peace Party, LaFollette
Chapter III notes
Chapter IV background

Box 29 [box on site, not microfilmed]
Balch, Jacobs, Addams, Shelly
Chapter V [2 folders]
House Chapter V
October Manifesto
Rosika Schwimmer
Wisconsin Peace Plan
Background Hague
Chapter IV notes--Hague and visit
Chapter IV--miscellaneous Hague and visit
Chapter IV--Hague, etc.
Chapter V
Jordan, Lochner, Wales, October-November 1915
House, LSG [Lansing?], Wilson
League to Enforce Peace
National Peace Federation, Chicago, 1915
Staff--miscellaenous bios
Chapter V notes
Henry St.



This file was last updated on May 30, 2011.