Committee on Militarism in Education, 1925-1940

(Size: 48.25 linear feet; 14.69 meters)

DG 009


© Swarthmore College Peace Collection  
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081-1399  

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents

Background note:
The Committee on Militarism in Education (CME) was established in 1925 by John Nevin Sayre, Norman Thomas and E. Raymond Wilson to combat military training requirements at public schools and universities. The CME fought to remove military training, in the form of Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), from highschools and to eliminate compulsory ROTC service at state universities. Throughout its fifteen year existence, the CME endeavored to oppose militarism in all institutions dealing with youth, including such New Deal agencies as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Instead of military drill, the CME proposed the substitution of physical education courses and the institution of courses in world citizenship. The CME worked from its New York City headquarters in cooperation with local groups to educate the public about ROTC practices and attitudes. To this end, the CME kept detailed information files on the ROTC, offered speakers, and circulated pamphlets. Through political channels, the CME supported appropriate state and federal legislation. It also assisted students opposed to military training in gaining legal exemption through judicial processes.

Over the course of its existence, the CME had two Executive Committee chairmen: John Nevin Sayre and George A. Coe, who succeeded Sayre in the late 1920's; and it had four executive secretaries: E. Raymond Wilson, succeeded in 1926 by Roswell P. Barnes, who resigned in 1928, Tucker P. Smith, and five years later, Edwin C. Johnson. Both E. Raymond Wilson and John Nevin Sayre continued their affiliation with CME after leaving its key executive posts, Sayre remaining on the executive committee until CME disbanded itself in 1940 due to the prowar sentiment then pervading public opinion.

The CME sent its files (39 drawers, 10,000 papers) to SCPC in December 1940 (Acc.No. 40-146). The last secretary of CME made nine copies of a detailed finding list; two of these were sent to SCPC and the others to the board members.

In September 1950, a complete examination of CME files and final sorting resulted in the elimination of duplicate, surplus and irrelevant material, and a condensation of important CME organization files, for which a new finding list was made. At this point, CME material was filed in 27 drawers. In March 1967, the CME files were transferred to 113 document boxes, and in June 1968, a checklist was made for materials as they were arranged in the boxes. When CME records were prepared for microfilming in 1978, minor changes were made in the arrangement of materials within the boxes. In March 1984, a checklist was prepared which reflects these changes and is accurate for the 67 reels of microfilm which cover all of the CME files except for six boxes of newspaper clippings. Old checklists have been retained for reference, and can be found in the collection folder.

CME periodicals are found in the SCPC periodical section as follows:

Scope and content
The Committee on Militarism in Education (CME) files hold administrative records from 1925 - 1940, which include executive committee minutes, executive secretary's reports, financial records and statements, fund-raising letters, and address lists of donors and sympathizers.

There are files of correspondence (1925 - 1940) with persons, organizations, and by year. Correspondents include Devere Allen, Eunice B. Armstrong, Henry A. Atkinson, Roger N. Baldwin, Charles F. Boss, Jr., Ellen Starr Brinton, Dorothy Dunbar Bromley, Carrie Chapman Catt, George A. Coe, Dorothy Detzer, Rose Dabney Forbes, Edwin C. Johnson, William Heard Kilpatrick, Winthrop D. Lane, Frederick J. Libby, Alfred D. Moore, Laura Puffer Morgan, Ray Newton, Mildred Scott Olmsted, Kirby Page, Florence M. Pharo, Jeannette Rankin, Norman Thomas, Wellington H. Tinker, Walter W. Van Kirk, Oswald Garrison Villard, Kenneth E. Walser, E. Raymond Wilson, Theresa L. Wilson, Andrew S. Wing, and Robert Wolforth.

The CME information files cover military training and the ROTC in detail, including clippings, quotations, studies, and state-by-state files of ROTC status at universities and highschools. There are records of political campaigns which the CME undertook, such as support of the Nye-Kvale Bill and the 1940 Anti-Conscription Campaign, and records of trials in which the CME assisted. There is a large collection of anti-military training pamphlets, many published by CME, and some rough drafts thereof, CME periodicals, and newspaper clippings on ROTC and CME activities. A small quantity of papers from Roswell Barnes, John Nevin Sayre, and Tucker Smith are also present in the collection.


Administrative information

Restrictions
None

Provenance
Donors/Depositors: Committee on Militarism in Education

Received: December 1940

Accession number: 40-146


Additional descriptive information

Note
Microfilm: 67 reels Finding aids: Checklist prepared by Sherry Hartenstine (March 1984. EAD finding aid under construction by Wendy E. Chmielewski and Alexander Addison, January 2003. This collection was microfilmed under N.E.H. Grant No. RC 27706-77-739.


Added entries

Subjects
  • Committee on Militarism in Education (U.S.) -- Archives
  • Draft -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Militarism -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Military education -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Military education -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Sayre, John Nevin, 1884-1977
  • Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968
  • United States -- Militia -- History -- Sources
  • United States. Army. Reserve Officers' Training Corps
  • Wilson, E. Raymond (Edward Raymond), 1896-1987

    Contact information
    500 College Ave.
    Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081-1399
    U.S.A.

    Telephone: (610) 328-8557
    FAX: (610) 690-5728
    Email: wchmiel@swarthmore.edu


    ©2003

     


    Collection inventory


    ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS
    Box 1

    Postal permits, regulations

    Expense accounts

    Business: specialties, firms

    Garland fund (American fund for public service)

    International campaign against military training; conscription

    Leases

    Ads ; clipping service correspondence

    Bank notes ; related correspondence

    Pamphlet: on abolishing compulsory military education

    MINUTES
    Box 2

    Board minutes, 1925-1932
    Reel 70.2

    Board minutes, 1933-1934

    Duplicate minutes, 1925-1928

    Duplicate minutes, 1930-1934
    Box 3

    Unsorted miscellaneous, reports, correspondence1934-1940:

    Board minutes ; correspondence, 1929

    Board minutes ; correspondence, 1928

    Board minutes, 1935-1939

    Reports

    Board minutes, 1940

    CONFERENCE TO REEXAMINE C.M.E. POLICY
    Box 4

    Conference to reexamine C.M.E. policy

    Objectives outlined

    Financial appeals ; budgets, 1929-1933

    Policy inquiries, including ones from Better Business Bureau and National Information Bureau
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings
    Box 5

    Exhibits, 1935-1936

    Various articles ; publications

    Testimonials

    Executive board, inquiries board ; financial records, 1934-1937
    Reel 70.4

    Executive board records ; correspondence, 1938-1940

    FINANCIAL RECORDS
    Box 6

    Financial statements, 1932-1939

    [not in order]

    Addresses

    Treasury Department ruling

    Duane Press notes

    Income tax cases

    Corporation income tax returns

    Financial statements, 1939-1940
    Box 7

    Financial statements, 1926-1928
    Reel 70.5

    Financial statements, 1928-1929

    Financial reports (O. G. Villard), 1936-1940

    ADDRESS LISTS, FORM LETTERS
    Box 8

    Changes of address, 1936-1940

    Form “mutual friend” letters inviting assistance ; replies to them, 1940
    Box 9

    Form letters, 1928-1930
    Reel 70.6

    Form letters, 1931-1935
    Box 10

    Form letters, 1936-1938
    Box 11

    Form letters, 1939-1940

    APPEALS FOR FINANCIAL SUPPORT ; REPLIES

    Memorandum on support of C.M.E. (J. N. Sayre), 1939

    Appeals (O. G. Villard), 1939
    Box 12

    Correspondence with wealthy ; special prospects [not in order]1928-1940

    John Nevin Sayre correspondence, 1939
    Reel 70.7

    John Nevin Sayre Correspondence, 1938
    Box 13

    Elmhirst Committee (Anna Bogue), 1931-1937

    Christian Social Justice Fund (Elizabeth Gilman), 1931-1940

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1928-1929
    Box 14

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1929
    Reel 70.8

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1930-1933
    Box 15

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1934

    Replies to J. N. Sayre appeals, 1935
    Reel 70.9

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1935-1936
    Box 16

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1936-1937

    Replies to O. G. Villard appeal, November 1937

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1938
    Box 17

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1939

    Responses to 1/13/39 mailing

    Responses to O. G. Villard appeal, June 1939

    Financial appeals ; replies, 1940

    Responses to J. N. Sayre final appeal, 1940

    MISCELLANEOUS DATA
    Box 18

    Book promotions

    Publications: Notices ; correspondence

    Speakers: Requests ; invitations; C.M.E.'s responses
    Reel 70.11

    McNutt address, McNutt pamphlet1927;

    National Republic, May 1927

    American Student Union case

    Intercollegiate Council case
    Box 19

    Correspondence on publications

    Clippings, pamphlets, ; reports

    R.O.T.C. RELATED INFORMATION

    Resignations from R.O.T.C.

    R.O.T.C. correspondences to reserve officers

    Misc. correspondence, including refusals to send pamphlets

    Misc. research and correspondence

    CORRESPONDENCE
    Box 20

    Criticisms of C.M.E.
    Reel 70.12

    More criticisms of C.M.E.

    Writers' correspondence

    Correspondence with:

    Stanfeld Sargent

    Andrew Wing

    Morris Schnapper
    Box 21

    T. J. Watson, Spidell, etc.

    Barber, Duffield

    Wohlforth

    Misc. correspondence ; articles

    Sumner Wells MSS.

    ARTICLES
    Box 22

    Waging peace, clippings

    Various articles ; MSS.

    CORRESPONDENCE
    Box 23

    Correspondence with:

    Devere Allen

    Henry Atkinson

    Roger Baldwin

    Dr. H. E. Barnes

    Lieut. Col. Ralph C. Bishop

    Charles F. Boss

    Brinton

    Olmstead

    Joseph Broadman

    Buell

    Stone

    Bromley

    Carrie Chapman Catt
    Box 24

    George A. Coe

    Ross Collins

    P. W. L. Cox

    D. Detzer

    John Dewey

    William Floyd

    Mrs. J. Malcolm Forbes

    Raymond B. Fosdick
    Box 25

    Richard B. Gregg

    C. H. Hamlin

    Charles Hart

    William B. Harvey

    C. Ray Keim

    William H. Kilpatrick

    Fred Libby (1928-1931)
    Reel 70.15

    Fred Libby (Harris ; Rankin)

    Mrs. Laura Puffer Morgan

    Ernest L. Meyer
    Box 26

    Ray Newton

    Kirby Page

    Fred V. Peter

    William C. Rivers
    Box 27

    H. W. Rogers

    Scattergood

    H. S. Tuttle

    Van Kirk
    Reel 70.16

    Villard

    Walser

    E. Raymond Wilson

    Theresa L. Wilson

    ANTI-CONSCRIPTION CAMPAIGN -- 1940

    Anti-conscription materials: Rough drafts for pamphlets
    Box 28

    Correspondence

    -with conscientious objectors

    -concerning the laws involved

    Articles, including information on international efforts

    Correspondence

    -C. O. problems under conscription

    -with H. E. Fey

    Anti-conscription writings:

    -Rough drafts

    -General
    Reel 70.17

    -General; criticism

    -with Mrs. Donald Armstrong
    Box 29

    Anti-conscription correspondence

    -with Fred Leighton

    -to ; from Congressmen

    Letters of support from new people

    Endorsements to “Declaration Against Conscription”
    Box 30

    Declaration Against Conscription: draft ; more endorsements

    Scrapbook on military training (E. Raymond Wilson)
    Reel 70.18 (cont.)

    Anti-conscription form letters

    “A Declaration Against Conscription,” 1st, 2nd, ; 3rd editions, printed copies

    “Compulsory Military Training” - from the Congressional Record (Hon. Fred Bierman)

    “A Course in International Relations” (Leo Litzskay)

    “Educating for World Citizenship” (Russell McNutt)

    Editorials on Nye-Kvale Bill

    Militarism in the U.S.A., `The World Tomorrow,' October 1926

    Military courtesy

    Nye-Kvale Bill

    A petition to Pres. Roosevelt protesting C.C.C. drill

    “School military training reconsidered” (E. C. Johnson)

    “What About Military Training?” (Tucker P. Smith)

    MISCELLANEOUS CORRESPONDENCE
    Box 31

    Miscellaneous correspondence, 1930-1936
    Reel 70.19

    Miscellaneous correspondence, 1936
    Box 32

    Miscellaneous correspondence, 1937-1938
    Box 33

    Miscellaneous correspondence, 1939-1940

    MILITARY TRAINING -- C.M.E. PUBLICATIONS
    Box 34

    “An Amendment to Prohibit Compulsory Military Training in Civil Educational Institutions,” (Hon. Lynn J. Frazier; Congressional Record)

    “America Menaced by Militarism: An Appeal to Women” (Harriet Connor Brown)

    “Military Courtesy” (Major Bernard Lentz, of R.O.T.C. at Univ. of Minn.)

    “An Announcement Relative to Military Training at DePauw University” (G. Bromley Oxnam)

    “Anti-Military Groups Win at St. Louis” (reprint)

    “The Battle Against Militarized Education Must Go On”

    “The Battle for War or Peace is being Fought Today in our Schools and Colleges” (President Arthur E. Morgan, Antioch College)

    “Brass Buttons and Education” (Testimony of army officers before the House Committee on Appropriations)

    “The Breeding Place: Peace and Economic Sanity Demand Disarmament”

    “The Camel and the Arab: What College Catalogs Reveal on the Status of Military Training” (H. C. Engelbrecht)

    “The Campaign Against Military Training in Education”

    “The Campaign Against Militarism: Retrospect 1928-1929, Prospect 1929-1930”

    “Christ or War?” (Monroe T. Gilmour)

    “The Churches and Military Training in Schools and Colleges”

    “Speeches before House of Representatives by Hon. Ross A. Collins

    “Compulsory Military Training”

    “Committee on Militarism in Education: Origin and Aims”

    “Corporal Nichols-Dismissed” (Winifred Hulbert)

    “The Cure for Compulsory Drill” (extract of statements supporting Nye-Kvale proposal)

    “Defend the Public Schools Against Militarism” (Richard Welling)

    “Forced Drill Battled at Bluffs” from Des. Moines Sunday Register

    “Disarmament or Disaster: Some Things Colleges and College Students Can Do”

    “Don't Be Silly” (Zona Gale)

    “Educational Experts on Military Training for American School Boys”

    “Educators Present Arms” (C. H. Hamlin)

    “The Effects of Military Drill on Boys” (Dudley A. Sargent, M.D.)

    “Expell the Trojan Horse” (John Nevin Sayre)

    “The Fight Against War and Fascism Is Lost... Unless it's Won in our Schools and Colleges”

    “Fight R.O.T.C. Conscription in American Civil Education: Work for the Enactment of the Nye-Kvale Amendment” (a petition)

    “The General [world] Disarmament Conference February 2, 1932”

    “Has Military Training Real Educational Value?” (Cohen, Cox, Dewey, Kilpatrick, Speer, ; Thayer)

    “The High-school R.O.T.C.: If Not, Why Not?” (George A. Coe)

    “How Does Military Training Affect Attitudes?: A Case Study in Psychology” (Kansas City)

    “Human Nature and War” (Benjamin R. Andrews)
    Box 35

    “An Introductory Course: The Pacific Solution of International Problems” (George M. Stratton)

    “The Junior R.O.T.C. Knocks at the High-school Door” (Edwin C. Johnson)

    “The Junior R.O.T.C. Rebuffed”

    “Main Issues in the Junior R.O.T.C. Controversy” (Edwin C. Johnson)

    “Mars In Civilian Disguise” (Edwin C. Johnson)

    “Militarism in Education” from Social Service Bulletin

    “Militarizing our Youth” (Roswell P. Barnes)

    “Military Training: A Critical Appraisal” (Edwin C. Johnson)

    “Military Training and Education”

    “Military Training Compulsory in Schools and Colleges”

    “Military Training for School Boys- Does America Want It?”

    “Military Training in American High-schools and Colleges” (William I. Hull)

    “Military Training in the Schools is Building the Emotions that Help Keep War Alive”

    “Military Training in the Schools and Colleges of Illinois”

    “Military Training in the Schools and Colleges of Massachusetts”

    “Military Training in Schools and Colleges of United States” (Winthrop D. Lane) 1st edition
    Box 36

    “Military Training in Schools and Colleges of United States” (Winthrop D. Lane) 2nd edition

    “Military Training: Some Opinions of Experts”

    “Military Training vs. Public Education”

    “The Morrill Act and Compulsory Military Training”

    “A Misleading Proposal”

    “R.O.T.C. Provokes Wide Discussion”

    Newsletter [C.M.E.] Nos. 1-6

    “A National Solution to a National Problem”

    “Norfolk Rejects Junior R.O.T.C.”

    “No R.O.T.C. for Carbondale”

    “The Old Savage in the New Civilization” (Raymond Fosdick)

    “The People Say `No?' ”

    “Prevent Large Increase in our Arms and Militarization of Unemployed?” (Tucker P. Smith)

    “A Protest Against Military Training in the Public Schools” (Nathan C. Schaeffer)

    “17 Significant Victories Against Militarism in American Education...”

    “Regarding Military Training at Universities” (W. C. Longstretch) 1st ; 2nd editions

    “Report of the Committee on Military Training in Schools and Colleges” (National Peace Conference)

    “Reserve Officers Training Corps and Citizens Military Training Camps”

    “Shall I Renounce Compulsory Military Training?: A Problem for Students”

    “Shall We Go on Making Little Soldiers?” (Ellen Lamar Thomas)

    “Shining Swords” - a play (Don Andrews ; Ann Wilson Peabody)

    “Some Attitudes of Students in R.O.T.C.” (Rogers)

    “Some Facts concerning Military Training at State Universities” (Maud Stockton for WILPF)
    Box 37

    “So this Is War” (Tucker P. Smith)

    “Substitute Modern Courses for Out-of-Date Military Training in Civil Schools and Colleges!”

    “Testimonials from the Testing Ground”

    “The War Department and Compulsory Military Training”

    “The War Department as Educator” (George A. Coe)

    “What a University President Thinks of Compulsory Military Training”

    “What Do Professors of Secondary Education Think of Military Training in High-schools?”

    “What the Supreme Court Decided” (Kenneth E. Walser)

    “Why Apply Military Conscription to American Young Men who Are Attending Colleges?” (Congressional Record, Hon. Vito Marcantonio)

    “Hearings Before a Sub-committee of the Committee on Military Affairs, U.S. Senate” - on Nye-Kvale Bill (U.S. Government Printing Office)June 2,3, ; 4, 1936;

    “The Campaign Against Militarism in Education”

    “E. Raymond Wilson: Building the Mind for Peace”

    Tucker P. Smith

    -notes

    -correspondence with Jane Addams, 1930

    “Hearings Before the Committee on Military Affairs, House of Representatives” -on Welsh Bill (U.S. Government Printing Office)April 29 ; 30, ; June 15, 1926;

    MILITARY TRAINING -- GENERAL DATA
    Box 38

    Armory Building Project

    Anti-R.O.T.C. cartoons

    Bayonet drill

    The church and military training and peace

    Church-supported military training

    Index to C.M.E. Newsletters, Nos. 1-6

    Bibliographies and source material on military training and R.O.T.C.
    Reel 70.22

    The church, military training and peace

    -Church-published pamphlets

    -Correspondence with religious groups

    Changes in status of R.O.T.C. training

    Compulsion and exemption practices

    Statements from university and college catalogs

    Communist strategy against R.O.T.C.

    Crimes of soldiers (mostly newspaper clippings)
    Box 39

    Education ; national defense

    Educational organizations

    -Correspondence with

    -Their publications

    Fascistic trends in R.O.T.C.

    Cases of interference with free speech

    Freeman plan
    Reel 70.23

    Girl colonels

    Kiwanis, Rotary, and R.O.T.C.

    Land Grant College Association

    Land grant colleges
    Box 40

    Land grant act and military training

    Military propoganda in schools

    Morrill Act -compulsion

    Military schools

    Militarism: definition

    Military training as

    -Preparedness

    -Citizenship training
    Reel 70.24

    Military training as

    -Physical training

    -Discipline

    -Character training
    Box 41

    Militarism in military training

    Institutionalism in military training
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Popularizers in military training:

    -horses, airplanes, polo, uniforms, etc.
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    National Defense Act violations
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    National Guard

    Natinal Defense Act amendments

    R.O.T.C. popularizers ; prizes

    R.O.T.C. photos ; orders for photos

    R.O.T.C. propaganda
    Box 42

    Quotations

    -Anti-drill

    -Anti-compulsion

    -Militarist ; pro-militarism

    -of military men

    R.O.T.C.: Balls; Response to criticisms of coed officers ; of uniforms

    Dealing with dissent: suppression ; dismissal
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    State surveys of military training status

    State commissions

    MILITARY TRAINING -- STUDIES
    Box 43

    Correspondence about studies

    Copies of questionnaires ; reports

    Miller questionnaire with responses

    A peace literature study
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings on Pamphlet No. 28

    Pamphlet No. 28, “A Study of the Educational Value of Military Instruction in Universities and Colleges” (Major Ralph C. Bishop; Office of Education)

    Reply to Pamphlet No. 28

    Correspondence ; articles about Pamphlet No. 28
    Box 44

    Studies published by National League of Women Voters on

    -Munitions

    -International conscription

    -War debt

    Study outline of compulsory military training (for Ohio League of Women Voters)

    “Attitudes of Students in the R.O.T.C.” The Journal of Educational Psychology

    Survey on presence of courses in international relations, world politics, etc., (H. C. Engelbrecht)1926-1927

    “Military Training in Schools and Colleges” (Frank F. Williams)
    Reel 70.27

    “Military Instruction in Civil Institutions of Learning” (Margaret Merriam Gearhart; M. A. Thesis)

    Reconciliation articles

    “Compulsory Military Training in our Schools and Colleges Is Not a Justifiable Requirement (Merrill A. Beem; Thesis)

    MSS by Clarence Tweet

    MSS ; correspondence, David Starr Jordan

    Correspondence ; articles about Robert E. Lee

    Excerpts from “Military Education in the U.S.” (Col. Ira A. Reeves)

    Articles from The Christian Century ; The New World

    “What do Professors of Secondary Education Think of Military Training in High-schools?” (George A. Coe)
    Box 45

    1936 National Peace Conference reports, etc.

    “Report of the Committee on Military Training in Schools and Colleges” (National Peace Conference; printed versions)

    Military training research

    (STATISTICS)

    (Statistics, 1912-1927
    NOT ON FILM

    Large map of U.S. showing locations of schools ; colleges with R.O.T.C. programs

    Statistics, [not in order]1931-1933
    Box 46

    Statistics, [not in order]1920's

    on military training outside War Dept. on R.O.T.C.
    Reel 70.29

    Statistics, on R.O.T.C. (cont.)1920's

    R.O.T.C. regulations

    R.O.T.C. citizenship

    Programs of instruction for R.O.T.C.
    Box 47

    Military articles

    War Department materials
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings on R.O.T.C. programs 1920's ; 1930's

    Army officers' speeches

    War Department speeches, press releases, etc.

    C.C.C. BILLS, C.M.T.C., AIR TRAINING, FOREIGN MILITARY TRAINING
    Box 48

    Civilian Conservation Corps

    Citizens' Military Training Camps
    Reel 70.30

    C.M.T.C. (cont.)

    Rifle practice

    Air Reserve Training Corps

    Air training

    “Mars in Civilian Disguise” pamphlet

    International implications of military training

    Military training in foreign countries

    Movies depicting militarism supported by Army

    PEACE EDUCATION
    Box 49

    Education for peace outlines, bibliographies, curricula

    National Self Government Committee

    Study outlines on military training

    Conferences

    Correspondence with World Peace Foundation

    National Council for Prevention of War notebook (F. B.Boekel)

    CORRESPONDENCE WITH ORGANIZATIONS

    Correspondence with:

    miscellaneous organizations

    American Association of University Women

    Jane Addams Peace School

    American Civil Liberties Union

    American Community

    American Committee for Non-Participation in Japanese Aggression

    American Committee for Struggle Against War

    National Organizing Committee U.S. Congress Against War

    Youth Movement for World Recovery
    Reel 70.31

    American Council Institute of Pacific Relations

    American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Teachers

    American Peace Society

    American Friends Service Committee

    American League Against War and Fascism

    American Student Union

    American Youth Commission

    American Youth Congress
    Box 50

    Catholic associations

    Carnegie Foundation

    Church Peace Union

    Committee on Churches and Peace of the Pennsylvania Council of Churches

    Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies

    Congregational Education Society

    Emergency Peace Committee

    Emergency Peace Campaign

    Farmers Union

    Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America

    Federal Theatre Project (National Service Bureau)

    Fellowship of Reconciliation

    Film Audiences for Democracy
    Reel 70.32

    Foreign Policy Association

    Goodwill Pictures, Inc.
    Box 51

    Committee on Universal Goodwill Month of May

    The Green International

    The New History Society

    Interorganization Council on Disarmament

    International Student Service

    The International Student, May, Apr., Dec., Nov., 1928; May 1929

    International Peace Organization

    Intercollegiate Disarmament Council

    Keep America Out of War Congress

    League for Industrial Democracy

    League of Women Voters

    League of Nations Association, Inc.

    Methodist Federation for Social Service

    Metropolitan New York Emergency Peace Campaign

    National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War

    National Council of Jewish Women

    National Council of Christian Associations

    National Council for Prevention of War

    National Peace Conference

    National Self Government Committee

    National Student Federation
    Box 52

    The New History Society

    New York Conference Against War

    Pennsylvania Committee for Total Disarmament

    New York Teachers Union War Committee

    Peace Patriots

    United Student Peace Committee

    United Peace Chest, Philadelphia, 1937-1940
    Reel 70.33

    War Resisters League

    Womens Peace Society

    World Community

    World Court Committee

    World Federal Unionists

    World Peace Foundation

    Womens International League for Peace and Freedom
    Box 53

    World Peaceways

    World Fellowship of Faiths

    World Youth Congress

    Y.W.C.A.

    Youth Committee Against War

    WAR-PEACE DATA -- ARTICLES ; CORRESPONDENCE

    Filed By Topic

    World Economic Cooperation

    Government reorganization

    Civil functions of War Dept.

    Munitions industry

    Stimson doctrine on peace

    Economic sanctions

    Neutrality

    War: costs; costs of preparedness; size of U. S. military establishment; federal budget, 1934-1935

    Anti-sedition bills

    Bills to regulate private armies

    War referendum

    Hearst

    War Policies Commission

    Propaganda in wartime

    War Dept. press releases, 1925
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings
    Box 54

    War psychology illustrated

    on Navy

    Naval disarmament

    Scripps-Howard big navy propaganda

    Cruiser Bill, 1929

    Vinson Navy Bill

    National Peace Conference Defense Committee

    Freedom of speech

    PUBLICIZING PEACE

    Correspondence on pacifist:

    Stamps, buttons, badges

    Peace Players

    Songs

    Plays

    Films

    Cartoons

    Radio

    Slogans

    PUBLIC WORKS

    C.M.E. legislative work
    Reel 70.34

    Anti-war parade

    Correspondence about:

    Ilma Youth Conferences

    United Youth Conference, 1932

    Student Congress Against War

    Correspondence to:

    Europe

    Latin America

    Correspondence on outlawing war

    Correspondence with ; about “patriotic” groups:

    American Legion

    R.O.T.C.

    National Patriotic Council

    Scabbard ; Blade
    Box 55

    Correspondence on red-listing by:

    Military Intelligence Association

    Industrial Defence Association

    D.A.R., including libel suit

    Correspondence with Christian organizations

    Correspondence about:

    Patriotic societies

    Sesqui-Centennial

    National Security League

    POLITICAL WORK

    Correspondence, reports

    Walser Bill drafts

    Ross Collins

    -congressional speech

    -orders for copies of speech

    -correspondence with C.M.E.
    Box 56

    Letters to Congressmen

    “Navy Building Program” (Hon. Lynn J. Frazier; Congressional Record)

    Army Appropriation Bill: reports, statistics

    Welsh Bill: hearing, correspondence, drafts1928;

    Frazier Bill, 1934

    Views of Presidential candidates on military training

    Congress: bills, correspondence, reports

    1940, 1938, 1930, 1931,

    on Army Appropriation Bill1931-1932,

    1932,

    Newspaper clippings on U.S. Senators 1931-1932
    Box 57

    1935
    Reel 70.36

    1936-1939

    Naval Reserve Bill

    R.O.T.C. STATE FILES

    Ordered by state. Some states have only the state file, others have also files on specific universities and cases.
    Box 58

    Alabama

    Birmingham State College

    Arizona

    Arkansas

    University of Arkansas

    California

    College of Pacific

    University of Southern California

    University of California -Los Angeles

    Pomona College

    Hamilton-Reynolds Case

    -Correspondence, financing

    -John Beardsley's actions

    -Publicity on decision
    Box 59

    Legislative Fight1937,

    University of California -Los Angeles ; Berkeley, 1937-1940

    California Report: “Survey of Compulsory R.O.T.C.” (Morris D. Glickfield)

    General: Correspondence, Newspaper Clippings, Southern California Congress of Youth minutes, etc.1933,
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings on California Ligislative Conflict
    Box 60

    Colorado

    Colorado State College

    University of Colorado

    University of Denver

    Connecticut

    Connecticut State College
    Reel 70.38

    General

    Additional California Material

    (In Box 60 without folder)
    Box 61

    Delaware

    District of Columbia

    Florida

    University of Florida

    Georgia

    Brinkman Case
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings on Brinkman Case, Oct. 14-Nov. 8, 1939

    Emory University

    Hawaii

    Idaho

    Illinois

    University of Illinois
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings on R.O.T.C. from Daily Illini Apr. 30-May 3, 1932

    Northwestern University

    -Naval R.O.T.C.
    NOT ON FILM
    -Newspaper clippings on naval R.O.T.C. from Daily Northwestern March 3-9, 1937

    Himes Case
    Box 62

    General
    Reel 70.39

    General

    Indiana

    Purdue University

    Other university campaigns

    Indiana University
    Box 63

    DePauw University

    Iowa

    Articles, reports, statistics:

    1929-1931, 1938-1940, 1931-1932
    Reel 70.40

    Lane Statement

    Nye-Kvale Bill

    Perry Case

    Council Bluffs High-School Drill Case

    Articles, reports, statistics:

    1932-1936
    Box 64

    General
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Iowa C.M.E.

    -Correspondence of E. Raymond Wilson, 1930-1932

    -Finances ; Organizing Files

    -Statement by Stoddard Lane (House Committee on State Educational Institutions), 1931

    -Mailing Lists, 1930-1931
    Reel 70.41
    -Mailing Lists, (cont.)1930-1931
    Box 65

    Kansas

    Kansas State College

    University of Kansas

    Iowa (again)

    State Legislature Bill, 1931
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings pert. to the bill

    Statistics, 1930-1931

    General, before, 1930

    Correspondence ; Articles
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings on military training at University of Iowa
    Reel 70.42

    Three articles on R.O.T.C.
    Box 66

    Kentucky

    Louisiana

    Louisiana State University

    Tulane University

    Maine
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Bangor High School

    Maryland

    Nye-Kvale Bill
    Box 67

    Coale ( ; Lees) Case

    Correspondence

    Official papers

    Skeen ; Oppenheimer (lawyers) brief
    Reel 70.43
    Correspondence with lawyers

    Court papers

    Financing

    State Legislative Campaign

    Publicity on Coale Case
    Box 68

    Massachusetts

    Bang Case

    Harvard University

    Williams College

    Boston University

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.)

    Massachusetts State College
    Reel 70.44

    M.I.T./Arnold Case

    Draft of amending bill

    Douglass Case
    Box 69

    General

    Michigan
    Box 70

    Minnesota

    University of Minnesota
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Mississippi

    Missouri

    University of Missouri
    Box 71

    General
    Reel 70.46

    Montana

    Montana Report

    Nebraska

    University of Nebraska

    Nevada

    New Hampshire

    University of New Hampshire

    General
    Box 72

    New Jersey

    Rutgers University

    Princeton University

    New Mexico

    New York

    General
    Reel 70.47

    College of the City of New York

    City College of New York (C.C.N.Y.)

    New York University, 1932-1934
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    C.C.N.Y. controversies

    New York University, 1937
    Box 73

    Syracuse University

    State Report extracts

    State Legislative Drive

    New York City

    Correspondence ; articles, 1935-1936

    55c Units

    High-Schools: Regulations
    Box 74
    N.Y.C. United Committee

    N.Y.C. Junior Naval Reserve
    Reel 70.48
    N.Y.C. Yeomanettes, Inc.

    Address lists for support in Jamaica, N.Y.

    Jamaica High-School controversy, 1929
    Box 75

    Articles on high-school military training in Jamaica ; Queens, N.Y.

    Jamaica Board of Education

    Jamaica ; other city schools

    -Board of Education, 1929-1930
    Box 76

    Cornell University

    Nye-Kvale Bill

    Kiplinger Report

    Dr. Day's efforts
    Box 77

    North Carolina

    University of North Carolina

    -Stinnette Case

    North Carolina State College

    Davidson College

    General

    North Dakota

    General

    Legislative Drive, 1937

    War Dept. pressure
    Reel 70.50

    Ohio

    General
    Box 78

    Akron University

    Ohio State University (O.S.U.)

    Charles Hart Case

    University of Cincinnati

    Suspensions publicity

    correspondence1934,

    University of Cincinnati publicity; Address lists ; Correspondence

    Court action (O.S.U.)
    Reel 70.51

    O.S.U., 1937

    E.C. Johnson work
    Box 79

    Correspondence

    General

    Dr. Herbert

    Charles F. Boss, Jr.

    Oklahoma

    University of Oklahoma

    A ; M College

    Lewis-Sayre publicity
    NOT ON FILM

    Articles on Sayre's letter to War Dept.
    Box 80

    Oklahoma University
    Reel 70.52

    Oregon

    General

    R.O.T.C. on ballot

    Results of vote;

    Literary digest about vote

    Clippings
    Box 81

    Petition drive

    Pennsylvania

    Bucknell University

    Correspondence with William Harvey about Harrisburg MeetingJanuary 31, 1928,

    Pennsylvania State College

    Carnegie Institute of Technology

    Drexel Institute

    Name Lists
    Reel 70.53

    Pennsylvania C.M.E.

    Recruiting, 1929-1931

    Finances ; expenditures, 1929-1930

    Lehigh University

    Pennsylvania State College, 1937-1938
    Box 82

    General ; Penn. State correspondence, 1927-1938 and n.d.

    Nye-Kvale Bill, 1929-1930

    Penn. State gauntlet incident, 1936

    Pittsburgh, 1929-1940
    Box 83

    Pennsylvania C.M.E. correspondence
    Reel 70.54

    Pennsylvania C.M.E. correspondence (cont.)
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Philippine Islands

    Puerto Rico
    Box 84

    Rhode Island

    South Carolina

    South Dakota

    Tennessee

    Texas

    Utah

    Vermont

    Virginia
    Reel 70.55

    Washington

    University of Washington
    Box 85

    Petition drive
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper Clippings

    West Virginia

    Wisconsin

    Wyoming

    TUCKER P. SMITH PAPERS
    Box 86

    Smith, Tucker P.

    Articles, correspondence

    Speeches ; articles by Tucker P. Smith
    Reel 70.56

    Speech outlines

    Research on military training: other articles, reports, statistics, quotations, etc.
    Box 87

    Smith, Tucker P.

    Research on military training (5 folders)
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings
    Reel 70.57

    Research (cont.): study outline material
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    C.M.E. Sample Packet
    Box 88

    Outlines, drafts

    Current writings

    “Breaking the War Habit” work

    Arms industry legislation
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Non-cooperation [economic, i.e. boycott]

    R.O.T.C. --military training

    Pamphlet drafts

    Leaders ; speakers: name ; address lists

    More pamphlet drafts
    Box 89

    R.O.T.C. debates
    Reel 70.58

    Quotes from addresses ; pamphlets

    World Economic Conference

    Arms embargo

    Correspondence about Dr. Goddard

    R.O.T.C. debate
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Conferences: literature orders, correspondence, articles
    Box 90

    Tucker P. Smith speeches
    Reel 70.59

    Tucker P. Smith speeches (cont.)

    NYE-KVALE CONGRESSIONAL CAMPAIGN

    Report on Nye-Kvale issue

    General

    Military aspects

    Herling statistical studies
    Box 91

    Nye-Kvale Drive, 1937

    School survey extracts

    Minnesota (on Nye-Kvale Bill)

    Missouri (on Nye-Kvale Bill)

    Requests to C.M.E. (relating to Nye-Kvale Bill)

    Official correspondence
    Box 92

    Official correspondence (cont.)

    Data on Nye-Kvale Bill

    Witnesses

    Data on Nye-Kvale Bill
    Reel 70.60

    Data on Nye-Kvale Bill (cont.)

    Nye-Kvale Amendment clippings
    Box 93

    Nye-Kvale Bill promotion

    Editorial writing contest
    Box 94

    Editorials submitted

    Inquiries about the Editorial contest

    OPPOSING JUNIOR R.O.T.C. EXPANSION

    Sheppard ; Copeland correspondence

    R.O.T.C. extension, 1934
    Reel 70.61

    R.O.T.C. expansion plans

    Expansion program: 1935-1936
    Box 95

    Expansion program: 1937-1938

    C.M.E. correspondence with high-schools on applications for R.O.T.C. units

    Status of R.O.T.C. at High-schools:

    Arkansas:

    California:

    Little Rock

    Redwood City

    Ventura ; Monterey
    Box 96

    Florida:

    Jacksonville ; Miami

    Orlando

    St. Petersburg

    Illinois:

    Carbondale

    Decatur

    Downers Grove

    East St. Louis

    Peoria

    Quincy

    Winnetka

    Indiana:

    East Chicago
    Reel 70.62

    Kansas:

    Kansas City ; Topeka

    Kentucky:

    Murray

    Louisiana:

    New Orleans

    Maine:

    Waterville

    Massachusetts:

    Medford, Woburn, Belmont, Salem, ; Fall River.

    Chelsea, Revere, Newburyport, Melrose, Stoneham, ; Beverly.
    Box 97

    Haverhill

    Lynn ; Lowell
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Springfield

    Michigan:

    Flint

    Minnesota:

    St. Louis Park

    Missouri:

    Springfield

    Montana:

    Great Falls

    Nebraska:

    Omaha

    New Jersey:

    Elizabeth

    Rutherford, etc.

    North Carolina:

    Charlotte ; Raleigh

    Wilmington

    Pennsylvania:

    Easton

    Harrisburg

    South Carolina:

    Columbia
    Box 98

    Virginia:

    Norfolk
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Wisconsin:

    Green Bay ; State Teacher's College

    Kenosha
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    OPPOSING R.O.T.C. EXPANSION
    Reel 70.63

    Ohio University expansion

    Wayne University

    University of New Mexico

    Temple University

    Tulsa University
    Box 99

    Rose Polytechnic Institute

    University of Texas

    Brooklyn College

    Queens College

    New college units

    E. C. Johnson replies to Senator Dern

    Publicity: Name and address lists

    Petition against military training, 1930

    Tactics in anti-drill fight

    PUBLICITY
    Box 100

    Student opposition to military training

    Student live contacts, Summer 1932

    Address lists

    -General

    -Religious ; Farm Press

    -More general

    -Contributors, 1929

    Original quotations

    R.O.T.C. publicity

    -inquiries for printing permission
    Reel 70.64

    Requests for “Renounce”
    Box 101

    “So This Is War” distribution

    Professor Coe's article

    Original Coe pamphlet

    Coe correspondence
    NOT ON FILM

    Coe petition endorsements
    Box 102

    Peace House program

    O. G. Villard luncheon

    Boston meeting, 1940

    C.M.E. luncheon meetings, 1927-1930

    JOHN NEVIN SAYRE ; ROSWELL P. BARNES PAPERS
    Box 103

    John Nevin Sayre, 1928-1940, Correspondence, papers
    Reel 70.65

    Official documents -Old, 1925-1926

    C.M.E. State Committees

    C.M.E. Financial statements, 1926

    Articles
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Articles

    Miscellaneous

    C.M.E. pamphlets

    Pennsylvania State Committee - addresses

    Magazine articles on military training

    C.M.E. Plans and Objectives

    C.M.E. Minutes, Executive Board, (reverse order)1929-1926

    C.M.E. National Committee -names, lists, correspondence

    C.M.E. pamphlets

    C.M.E. publicity ideas

    “Rebuttal: Why is there agitation against military training in American Schools?” (John Nevin Sayre) -drafts

    C.M.E. names ; correspondence
    Box 104

    C.M.E. statistics 1931

    Articles ; pamphlets

    C.M.E. address lists ; calling cards of sympathetic persons: 1928-1929

    General (by state)

    Alabama

    Colorado

    Georgia

    North Carolina

    South Carolina

    Tennessee

    Virginia

    “Altars of Freedom” (pamphlet) -source material

    American Legion use of Post Office for libelous propaganda

    Contestation of required military training

    Educators' letter

    C.M.E. Financial appeal: Lists of previous contributors1929,

    C.M.E. Financial records: 1928-1926 (in reverse order)

    Correspondence ; article

    Free Speech interference writings
    Reel 70.66

    Incidents of propaganda ; interference with free speech

    Military training, descriptions of

    Writings illustrating military training

    Military training, outlines ; questions
    Box 105

    Disarmament articles ; posters

    Congressional speeches ; bills

    C.M.E. report on work done, 1930-1931

    C.M.E. correspondence, 1930

    C.M.E. Executive Committee minutes, 1931

    C.M.E. publicity

    C.M.E. Executive Committee minutes, (in reverse order)1931-1929

    C.M.E. finances, 1930-1929

    Compulsory vs. optional drill articles

    Welsh Bill

    Information

    Draft

    Correspondence

    C.M.E. Literature

    John Nevin Sayre articles

    Expert opinion on military training

    -conference reports

    Outlines for C.M.E. publications

    Statistics, 1926-1927

    High-school military training--notes ; articles

    John Nevin Sayre--press clippings ; quotations
    Box 106

    Copies of C.M.E. correspondence
    Reel 70.67

    Lane pamphlet material

    Signers ; rejecters

    Draft, articles, comments, ; corrections
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings

    Tentative signers

    Correspondence, RE: rejection

    Original notes ; letters
    NOT ON FILM

    Page proofs ; corrections

    Signers list

    Drafts

    Distribution

    Press payments ; pamphlet expenses

    Bills paid

    Correspondence, Winthrop D. Lane
    Box 107

    C.M.E. News Release on Lane pamphlet

    Various articles ; pamphlets

    Roswell P. Barnes pamphlet

    Militarism Takes Root In Education: manuscript, drafts
    NOT ON FILM

    Proofs for pamphlets: “Prussian of 1912 or American of 1927?” ; “Our Inheritance--the World as It Is”
    NOT ON FILM

    Newspaper clippings
    NOT ON FILM

    Clippings on C.M.T.C.
    NOT ON FILM

    Clippings on military training
    NOT ON FILM

    Clippings on war-peace problems
    NOT ON FILM

    Clippings on military training
    NOT ON FILM

    One box of miscellaeous materials from refile box. See office files for folder list.(1925-1940)

    This finding aid was updated on May 24, 2005.