Swarthmore College Peace Collection


Records of the American Friends Service Committee:
Civilian Public Service, 1940-1947
Prison Service Committee, 1943-1947

Collection: DG 002


PART 4: PRISON SERVICE COMMITTEE


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399, U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator); Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator); URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
Yes [some boxes are stored off-site and must be requested two weeks in advance of visiting the SCPC.]
Usage Restrictions
Yes [restrictions for Parts 1, 2 & 4 in place until the year 2020. Researchers using the contents of these Parts in any public format must disguise the identity of any individual conscientious objector. Researchers who wish to use the collection must agree to this stipulation.]
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Records of the American Friends Service Committee: Civilian Public Service [or Prison Service Committee] (DG 002), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the American Friends Service Committee, the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Introduction to Collection
The Prison Service Committee was established by the AFSC on Dec. 1, 1943 to provide a spiritual ministry and practical assistance to some of the over 6000 men who were imprisoned for the sake of conscience. The work with conscientious objectors in prison led to an interest in working for basic improvements in the care and treatment of all prisoners and to the establishment of prison visitation programs throughout the country. James P. Mullin served as Secretary of the PSC in 1944-1945, followed by Arle Brooks in 1946, and John Magraw in 1947. The PSC was discontinued in June 1947.

Scope & Content Notes
Section 4 of the AFSC Collection comprises 5.83 feet of the total. These records are restricted until the year 2020. Researchers using the contents of this collection in any public format must disguise the identity of any individual conscienious objector. Researchers wishing to use the collection must sign a form agreeing to this stipulation.



Contents of the Collection

 
 
Box 1
Administration
Lists of Members: Advisory Committee; Board of Directors
Meeting minutes: Board of Directors / Executive Committee, 1943 (Dec.) - 1946 (Jan.)
Meeting minutes: Prison Service Committee, 1944-1945
Meeting minutes: Prison Service Committee, 1946 - 1947 (May)
Financial records
Fundraising for ACLU: NCCO
Program & Action
Principles & policies
Statements / literature
Form letters / memos
Reports of Directors
Planning & review [includes discussion re: continuance of PSC]
Planning & review: critique of PSC by Purnell Benson, June 1945
Development of publications
Speaking engagements of James Mullin
Writings of James Mullin [published / Mss.]
Misc. notes of James Mullin
Speaking engagements of Arle Brooks
Writings of Arle Brooks: booklet "We the Offenders," 1947
Participation of staff (?) in Detroit (MI) meeting re: prison situation, Dec. 08, 1943
Participation of staff (?) in Ex-Cons Conference, Philadelphia (PA), Sept. 15-16, 1945
Sponsorship of PSC Institute on Prisoners in Society, Philadelphia (PA), May 14, 1946
Sponsorship of PSC Conference, Pendle Hill (Wallingford, PA), Oct. 12, 1946
Participation by staff (?) in Prison Conference sponsored by New York Yearly Meeting, New York (NY),
Nov. 23, 1946
 
Box 2
Correspondence with/about [and/or Involvement with]
Books & projects
Ordering & sending publications / books for PSC & for COs in prison
Ordering & sending publications / books for PSC & for COs in prison (cont.)
Christmas cards sent to COs in prison & to prison wardens
Testifying etc. at the President's Amnesty Board hearings in Feb. 1947 [file of Don Knopf of AFSC,
given to James Mullin]
Publication etc. of articles by James Mullin, 1944-1945
Continuation of PSC, 1947
Prison visitors [Thelma Burdg, et.al.]
COs paroled
CPS / CPS camps, 1944-1946
Placement opportunities for COs, 1944-1946
General correspondence, 1944 (A-L) [collective file]
 
Box 3
Correspondence with/about [and/or Involvement with]
General correspondence, 1944 (M-Z) [collective file]
General correspondence, 1945 (A-L) [collective file]
General correspondence, 1945 (M-Z) [collective file]
General correspondence, 1946
General correspondence, 1947
Barber, Laurence & Lucia, 1947
Blood, Bob & Margaret, 1947
Furman, Consuelo, 1945-1946
Newlin, Vivien, 1943-1944
Osborne, Winslow (NSBRO)
Ovenson, Private Barney
Palmer, Charles
Perkins, Helen (PSC secretary?), 1944 (Sept.-Oct.)
Turner, William [died in CPS, 1943], 1945-1946
Whitney, Norman
Wilson, Bill & Louise
Government officials: misc.
Government officials: Dept. of Justice -- Charles Malcomsen
Government officials: U.S. Board of Parole -- misc.
Government officials: U.S. Board of Parole --Walter Urich
Government officials: U.S. Bureau of Prisons -- misc.
Government officials: U.S. Bureau of Prisons -- James Bennett
Government officials: U.S. Bureau of Prisons -- Benjamin Frank
Government officials: U.S. Bureau of Prisons -- Howard Gill
 
Box 4
Correspondence with/about [and/or Involvement with]
ACLU: NCCO, 1944-1945
Committee for Amnesty, 1945-1947
Committee on COs in Prison [CPS Camp 52, Powellsville, MD], 1943-1944
Demobilization Planning Committee, 1944-1945
Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1944-1945
Friends Yearly Meetings
NSBRO, 1943 (Nov.) - 1944
NSBRO, 1945
Philadelphia Council for Conscientious Objectors, 1945-1946
Pennsylvania Committee on Penal Affairs, 1944-1946
Philadelphia Prison Group
Prison Discussion Group, 1945 (Feb.) - 1946 (April)
Prison Observance Committee (Max Kampleman, Chair)
Prisoners' aid agencies
War Resisters League, 1944-1945
 
Box 5
Correspondence with/about Prisons
General
Lewisburg (PA): U.S. Penitentiary, April 05-08,. 1944
Petersburg (VA): Federal Reformatory, April 18-19, 1944
Terre Haute (IN): U.S. Penitentiary, May 01-02, 1944
Milan (MI): Federal Correctional Institution, May 05-09, 1944
Chillicothe (OH): Federal Reformatory, May 15-18, 1944
Ashland (KY): Federal Correctional Institution, May 23-26, 1944
Mill Point (WV): Federal Prison Camp, May 30-31, 1944
Danbury (CT): Federal Correctional Institution, June 27 - July 01, 1944
Sandstone (MN): Federal Correctional Institution, Sept. 13-16, 1944
Fort Missoula (MT): U.S. Disciplinary Barracks, Sept. 21-22, 1944
McNeil Island (WA): U.S. Penitentiary, Sept. 29 - Oct. 02, 1944
Tuscon (AZ): Federal Prison Camp, Oct. 27-29, 1944
La Tuna (TX): Federal Correctional Institution, Oct. 31 - Nov. 02, 1944
Englewood (CO): Federal Correctional Institution, Nov. 05-06, 1944
El Reno (OK): Federal Reformatory, Nov. 07-09, 1944
Texarkana (TX): Federal Correctional Institution, Nov. 13-15, 1944
Springfield (MO): Medical Center for Federal Prisoners, Nov. 18-21, 1944
Fort Leavenworth (KS): U.S. Penitentiary, Nov. 22-23, 1944
Atlanta (GA): U.S. Penitentiary, Feb. 21, 1945
Montgomery (AL): Federal Prison Camp, Feb. 23, 1945
Tallahassee (FL): Federal Correctional Institution, Feb. 25-26, 1945
Petersburg (VA): Federal Reformatory, March 10 & 12, 1945
Philadelphia County (PA): Jail -- visit with CO Corbett Bishop, March 15, 1945
Lewisburg (PA): U.S. Penitentiary, April 30 - May 03, 1945
Danbury (CT): Federal Correctional Institution, May 16-18 & 21, 1945
Chillicothe (OH): Federal Reformatory, June 23 & 26, 1945
Terre Haute (IN): U.S. Penitentiary, June 28-29, 1945
Milan (MI): Federal Correctional Institution, July 02-06, 1945
Natural Bridge (VA): Federal Prison Camp, July 31 - Aug. 01, 1945
Mill Point (WV): Federal Prison Camp, Aug. 02-03, 1945
Ashland (KY): Federal Correctional Institution, Aug. 08-12, 1945
 
Box 6
Correspondence with/about COs in Prison
A [collective file]
Adamy, Edward
Alli, John
Amberg, Mathew
Anderson, Alfred
Axford, Robert
B [collective file]
Ball, James
Bell, Tobias
Bibbins, Edward & William
Billings, Arthur
Bishop, Corbett
Blake, C. Mason [aka Unison Heart]
Bofman, Albert
Bowman, Ralph C.
Bristah, James
Broaster, Ethelbert Auslem
Brooks, Arle
Burows, Edward
Burton, Harley
Butcher, Charles
C [collective file]
Candee, Benjamin
Carpenter, Charles
Chady, Otto
Conrow, Thornton
Cooper, Samuel
Corcoran, Harvey
Crea, Vencient & Louis
Crystal, Eugene
Currier, Robert
Cuthbertson, Kenneth
 
Box 7
Correspondence with/about COs in Prison
D-E [collective file]
Danser, Lloyd
Davidson, Garland
Dettweiler, Ted & William
Dodge, Linwood
Dole, Arthur
Doty, Hi
Durling, Lee
Dyer, Henry
Eberhard, Harold
Emi, Frank
Evans Jr., William James
F [collective file]
Falcone, August
Foote, Caleb
Forte, Jack
G [collective file]
Galt, Ralph
Gara, Larry
Gast, Frederick & Robert
Gould, Stanley
Govertsen, Christian
Griffith, John
Guinn, Joe
H [collective file]
Hannibal, Richard
Harrison, William
Harvey, Gordon
Hassler, Alfred
Hawes, Francis
 
Box 8
Correspondence with/about COs in Prison
Hefner, William
Hogenauer, Irwin
Holderith, William
Hook, Z. Wayne
I [collective file]
Ianni, Gino
Isely, Philip
J [collective file]
Janicki, Roman
Jennings, Francis
Johnson, Charles Milton
Johnson, Paul
K [collective file]
Kellam, John
Kertess, F.A.
King, John
Kraft, William
Kramer, Milton
L [collective file]
Lewis, Leroy (Lee)
Linhoss, Richard
Lyons, Richard
Ma-Mc [collective file]
Magraw, John Elliot
Malakoff, Alvin
McCabe, Ray
McClain, Newton
McCrae, Alan
McGowan, John
 
Box 9
Correspondence with/about COs in Prison
Me-My [collective file]
Mecartney, John
Mendez, LeRoy G.
Meyerding, Edward
Migliorino, Ralph
Miller, George
Moorman, Albert Edgar
Motill, Joseph G.
Murphy, Stanley
N [collective file]
Nelson, Wally
Newlin, William
O [collective file]
Owens, George
P-Q [collective file]
Patton, Harry
Penley, Howard E.
R [collective file]
Rail, Paul
Rundle, Worth
Rustin, Bayard
S [collective file]
Satterthwait, Arnold
Schanus, Raymond
Seldner, Abe & Herman
Shafer, LeRoy
Shafer, Theodore
Simon, Albert
Smiley, Glenn
Spainhour, William
Springer, Herbert
 
Box 10
Correspondence with/about COs in Prison
Stach, George Alexander
Stark, Walter
Stern, Lee
Stevenson, William
Stodola, Quentin
Stokes, John
Stratton, DeForest
Stutts, Warren
Sutherland, William
Swink, Robert
T [collective file]
Tatum, Lyle
Taylor, Louis
Tesdell, Loren
Thomas, Benjamin
Thornton, John
Tichy, Stephen
Tilley, John
U-V [collective file]
W [collective file]
Walker, Charles
Weber, Henry
Wilcher, Denny
Williams, I. Harvey
Wiser, Arthur
Wizek, Edward
X-Y-Z [collective file]
Yamada, George
Yamazumi, George
Zetko, John & Joe
Zumwickle, Richard
Zwickel, Abraham
 
Box 11
Prison Visits of Charles Palmer
Visits of Charles Palmer to Quaker COs in prison [includes correspondence], 1943
Prison Visits of James Mullin: Reports & Notes
General
Composite reports of trips, 1945-1946
Middletown (CT) State Hospital, Dec. 28-30, 1943; Presbyterian Hospital, Jan. 03, 1944
Lewisburg (PA): U.S. Penitentiary, April 05-08,. 1944
Petersburg (VA): Federal Reformatory, April 18-19, 1944
Terre Haute (IN): U.S. Penitentiary, May 01-02, 1944
Milan (MI): Federal Correctional Institution, May 05-09, 1944
Chillicothe (OH): Federal Reformatory, May 15-18, 1944
Ashland (KY): Federal Correctional Institution, May 23-26, 1944
Mill Point (WV): Federal Prison Camp, May 30-31, 1944
Danbury (CT): Federal Correctional Institution, June 27 - July 01, 1944
Sandstone (MN): Federal Correctional Institution, Sept. 13-16, 1944
Fort Missoula (MT): U.S. Disciplinary Barracks, Sept. 21-22, 1944
McNeil Island (WA): U.S. Penitentiary, Sept. 29 - Oct. 02, 1944
Tuscon (AZ): Federal Prison Camp, Oct. 27-29, 1944
La Tuna (TX): Federal Correctional Institution, Oct. 31 - Nov. 02, 1944
Englewood (CO): Federal Correctional Institution, Nov. 05-06, 1944
El Reno (OK): Federal Reformatory, Nov. 07-09, 1944
Texarkana (TX): Federal Correctional Institution, Nov. 13-15, 1944
Springfield (MO): Medical Center for Federal Prisoners, Nov. 18-21, 1944
Fort Leavenworth (KS): U.S. Penitentiary, Nov. 22-23, 1944
Atlanta (GA): U.S. Penitentiary, Feb. 21, 1945
Montgomery (AL): Federal Prison Camp, Feb. 23, 1945
Tallahassee (FL): Federal Correctional Institution, Feb. 25-26, 1945
Petersburg (VA): Federal Reformatory, March 10 & 12, 1945
Philadelphia County (PA): Jail -- visit with CO Corbett Bishop, March 15, 1945
Lewisburg (PA): U.S. Penitentiary, April 30 - May 03, 1945
Danbury (CT): Federal Correctional Institution, May 16-18 & 21, 1945
Chillicothe (OH): Federal Reformatory, June 23 & 26, 1945
Terre Haute (IN): U.S. Penitentiary, June 28-29, 1945
Milan (MI): Federal Correctional Institution, July 02-06, 1945
Natural Bridge (VA): Federal Prison Camp, July 31 - Aug. 01, 1945
Mill Point (WV): Federal Prison Camp, Aug. 02-03, 1945
Ashland (KY): Federal Correctional Institution, Aug. 08-12, 1945
Visits of Charles Palmer to Quaker COs in prison [includes correspondence], 1943
Prison Visits of Arle Brooks
Reports of Arle Brooks re: visits to COs in prison, ca, 1946
 
Box 12
Reference/Reading Material
Alcoholism
Amnesty for COs [includes Committee for Amnesty]
Amnesty for COs (cont.)
Conscientious Objection / Objectors
COs in prison & CPS
COs in prison: lists
Meeting held by COs who had been in prison, Philadelphia (PA), April 30, 1947
Statements by COs: authors A-L
Statements by COs: authors M-Z
Statements by groups of COs
Selective Service violations: government documents
Prisons / criminology: general
Prisons / criminology: government documents
 
Box 13
Reference/Reading Material
Prisons / criminology: pamphlets by Leon Stern
Prisons / criminology: women offenders
Prisons / criminology: American Prison Association; Federal Prison Industries Inc.
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Atlantian" [Atlanta (GA): U.S. Penitentiary], 1943 (March) - 1945
(June) [incomplete set]
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Barometer" [Ashland (KY): Federal Correctional Institution],
1942 (Nov.) - 1943 (April), 1946 (June)
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Eagle" [Alderson (WV): Federal Reformatory for Women], vol.
11:1 [n.d.]
Prisons / criminology: periodical "New Era" [Leavenworth (KS): Federal Penitentiary], ca. 1944-1945
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Outlook" [El Reno (OK): Federal Reformatory], 1943 (Sept.) -
1944 (Dec.)
 
Box 14
Reference/Reading Material
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Outlook" [El Reno (OK): Federal Reformatory], 1945
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Periscope" [Lewisburg (PA): Federal Penitentiary], 1945 (Sept.) -
1946 [Dec.] [incomplete set]
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Prison World [American Prison Association & National Jail
Association], 1943 (Sept.) - 1946 (Feb.) [incomplete set]
Prisons / criminology: periodical "Probation" [National Probation Association], 1942 (Oct.) - Oct. 1945
[incomplete set]
Prisons / criminology: periodical "The Road Runner" [Tuscon (AZ): Federal Prison Camp], 1944 (Sept.-
Oct.), 1945 (Jan.-Feb.)




Top of Page

Return to Main Page of the American Friends Service Committee Collection

 



This file was last updated on February 20, 2013.