Fellowship of Reconciliation Records, 1915-current
Collection: DG 013
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399, U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator); Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: email@example.com (Curator)
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Fellowship of Reconciliation
Fellowship of Reconciliation Records
Language of Materials
Materials in English
171+ linear feet [papers only]
The Fellowship of Reconciliation in the U.S. was founded in 1915 by Christian pacifists. The organization, whose members are now drawn from many religious groups, seeks to apply principles of peace and social justice and non-violent social change to issues such as disarmament, conscription, race relations, economic justice, and civil liberties.
Restrictions to Access
Alternate Form of Material
Yes; meeting minutes of the National Council & Executive Committee for 1915-1941 are microfilmed; see reels 102.01-102.02
Gift of Fellowship of Reconciliation-USA, 1946-1949, 1954, 1966, 1975-1978, and regular deposits to date
Checklist prepared by Wilma Mosholder, 1999
[Identification of item], in the Fellowship of Reconciliation Records (DG 013), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law
Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record
Congress of Racial Equality Records [CORE] (CDGA)
John Dear Papers (DG 201)
Episcopal Peace Fellowship Records (DG 118)
Edward W. Evans Papers (DG 122)
A.J. Muste Papers (DG 050)
John Nevin Sayre Papers (DG 117)
John M. Swomley Jr. Papers (DG 226)
In 1914, an ecumenical conference was held in Switzerland by Christians seeking to prevent the outbreak of war in Europe. Before the conference ended, however, World War I had started and those present had to return to their respective countries. A German and an Englishman parted company with the words "We are one in Christ and can never be at war." Inspired by that pledge, about 130 Christians of all denominations gathered in Cambridge at the end of 1914 and set up the FOR. The Fellowship of Reconciliation in the U.S. was founded in 1915 by Christian pacifists. The organization, whose members are now drawn from many religious groups, seeks to apply principles of peace and social justice and non-violent social change to issues such as disarmament, conscription, race relations, economic justice, and civil liberties. The FOR-USA is affiliated with the International Fellowship of Reconciliation.
Historical Introduction by Wilma Mosholder
Executive Secretaries/Directors of FOR-USA (list)
Chairpersons of National Council of FOR-USA (list)
Archived web sites of the FOR
The records of the Fellowship of Reconciliation were processed by volunteer Wilma Mosholder over many years of full-time effort at the SCPC. Her interest in the FOR's staff members and their work created a superbly organized archival collection, with many typed notes that will be of help to researchers. The collection includes material related to the founding conference in 1915; meeting minutes (1915-date), statements of purpose, by-laws, correspondence, project files, publications, resource kits, advertisements, periodicals, newsletters from regional and local FOR groups, releases and photographs. Files of the executive secretaries/directors constitute an important category of both the administrative and program records. Principal files are those of Edward W. Evans, A.J. Muste, John M. Swomley, Alfred Hassler, Barton Hunter, Richard Deats, Doug Hostetter, and Jo Becker. Other correspondence of national staff includes the files of Allan Brick, Thomas Cornell, Richard Deats, James Forest, John Heidbrink, Michael Jendrzejczyk, Bayard Rustin, Glenn Smiley, and Ronald Young. There are records of many special projects, including: reconciliation efforts in Latin America and the USSR, training in nonviolence, Shelters for the Shelterless, peace missions to Vietnam and collaboration with Vietnamese Buddhists, Dai Dong (linking environment with war/peace), and nuclear disarmament. Some were conducted with other organizations, particularly Civilian Public Service (1941-1946), and the Church Peace Mission (1950-1967) and the Rocky Flats/Nuclear Weapons Facilities Project (with AFSC, 1977-1984); includes records of the Philadelphia Fellowship of Reconciliation (1942-1962), the Greater Boston Fellowship of Reconciliation, and the New York Fellowship of Reconciliation.
Additional important correspondents are: Devere Allen, Gilbert A. Beaver, Daniel Berrigan, A. Stauffer Curry, David Dellinger, Robert F. Drinan, Harrop Freeman, Larry Gara, Richard B. Gregg, Thích Nh´ât Hạnh, George M. Houser, Paul Jones, Martin Luther King, Jr., Sidney Lens, Joseph B. Matthews, David McReynolds, Kirby Page, Adolfo Perez-Esquivel, Robert Pickus, John Nevin Sayre, Evan W. Thomas, Norman Thomas, Charles C. Walker, Arthur Waskow, Herman Will, John Howard Yoder, and Gordon C. Zahn.
The following materials were removed from the files and located elsewhere in the SCPC as indicated:
Photos to the Photograph Collection.
Posters to the Poster Collection.
Motion picture films, sound recordings and phonodiscs to the Audiovisual Collection.
Peace buttons to the Button/Pin/Ribbon Collection.
Provenance Note/s by Wilma Mosholder
Scope and Content Note/s by Wilma Mosholder
Arrangement of Collection
Organized in 4 sections, each subdivided into series. The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is not the official repository of its archives. Information about the North American Committee of the IFOR is in Section II). Section II. Fellowship of Reconciliation-USA: Series II-A . Records prior to accessions of 1975, and current minutes, releases and literature; Series II-B. Administrative and general records; Series II-C. Executive secretaries'/Directors' files; Series II-D. Program staff, 1941-1984; Series II-E. Program areas and special projects; Series II-F. Coalitions and conferences; Series II-G. Vietnam War and post-war period; Series II-H. Dai Dong (organization); Series II-I. International FOR (IFOR), 1960s-1980s; Series II-J. Program areas and staff, 1975-[ongoing]. Section III. Regional and local groups: Series III-A. General/Misc. records; newsletters, 1917-1960s; Series III-B. Local groups; newsletters, 1970s-1990s; Series III-C. Urban branches. Section IV. Unprocessed files: additional materials, 1940s-[ongoing]. This is followed by Later Accessions of unprocessed files, 1999-date.
The files of Section I and Section II: Series I were made into a CDG-B in September 2012.
Arrangement Note/s by Wilma Mosholder
Index to the Collection
SECTION I: INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIP OF RECONCILIATION
removed in September 2012; see checklist for the International Fellowship of Reconciliation Collected Records (CDG-B Netherlands)
SECTION II: FELLOWSHIP OF RECONCILIATION-USA (FOR-USA)
Series A: Records prior to accessions of 1975, and ongoing current meeting minutes, releases, and literature (46 boxes)
Series B: Administrative and General Records (8 boxes)
Series C: Executive Secretaries/Directors' Files (61 boxes)
Series D: Program Staff, 1941-1984 (79 boxes)
Series E: Program Areas and Special Projects (32 boxes)
Series F: Coalitions and Conferences, 1946-1974 (12 boxes)
Series G: Vietnam War and Post-War Period (35 boxes)
Series H: Dai Dong / transitional peace effort (12 boxes)
Series I: International Fellowship of Reconciliation
removed general IFOR material in September 2012; see checklist for the International Fellowship of Reconciliation Collected Records (CDG-B Netherlands)
Series J: Program Areas and Staff, 1975- (5 boxes)
SECTION III: REGIONAL AND LOCAL GROUPS OF FOR-USA
Series A: General/Misc. Records; Newsletters, 1917-1960s (6 boxes)
Series B: Local Groups; Newsletters, 1970s-1990s (6 boxes)
Series C: Urban Branches (19 boxes)
SECTION IV: UNPROCESSED FILES
Series __: Additional materials, 1940s-1990s (28 boxes)
LIST OF F.O.R. PHOTOGRAPHS
LATER ACCESSIONS, 1999-Current
ARCHIVED WEB SITES and BORN DIGITAL FOR RESOURCES