American Union Against Militarism Records, 1915-1922
Collection: DG 004
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (Curator)
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
American Union Against Miliatrism
American Union Against Miliatrism Records
Language of Materials
Materials in English
1.75 linear feet [papers only]
In 1915 a group of New York pacifists and near-pacifists organized the "Anti-militarism Committee" to combat the war spirit of the time. Activities included lobbying, publishing, a lecture campaign, and the establishment of a Civil Liberties Bureau. The most notable achievements were the work in the successful effort to avert war with Mexico in 1916 and the encouragement of opposition to peacetime conscription following World War I. The office was raided by the government and AUAM publications were sometimes stopped by the postal authorities but the organization continued unintimidated.
Restrictions to Access
Yes, original materials stored off site. Use microfilm instead.
Alternate Form of Material
Yes, microfilm reels 10:1-10:2
Gift of Donated by Oswald Garrison Villard and James Warbasse, 1940, 1941
Processed by Peace Collection staff; finding aid revised by Wendy E. Chmielewski (April 1997); Anne Yoder (March 2001); Wendy E. Chmielewski (June 2009)
[Identification of item], in the American Union Against Miliatrism Records (DG 004), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law
Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record
American Civl Liberties Union Collected Records (CDG-A)
Emily Greene Balch Papers (DG 006)
New York Bureau of Legal Advice Collected Records (CDG-A)
James Warbasse Collected Papers (CDG-A)
In 1915 a group of New York pacifists and near-pacifists organized the "Anti-militarism Committee" to combat the war spirit of the time. About January 1916 the name was changed to the "Anti-preparedness Committee" and a program of lobbying in Washington was set up. Later in the year the names was changed again, this time to the American Union Against Militarism. The group was also known for a time as the American Union for a Democratic Peace and the League for an American Peace.
Activities included lobbying, publishing, a lecture campaign, and the establishment of a Civil Liberties Bureau. Out of this latter grew the National Civil Liberties Bureau which later became the American Civil Liberties Union (at the Peace Collection). (See the finding aid for the ACLU Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University.)
Most notable achievements were the work in the successful effort to avert war with Mexico in 1916 and the encouragement of opposition to peacetime conscription following World War I. The office was raided by the government and AUAM publications were sometimes stopped by the postal authorities but the organization continued unintimidated. Among the ost active members were Emily Greene Balch, Crystal Eastman, Oswald Garrison Villard, Charles Hallinan, Paul Kellogg, Amos Pinchot, Henry R. Mussey, Alice Lewisohn, Zona Gale, and Florence Kelley.
All of the known surviving records are deposited in the Peace Collection. The records include minutes, secretary's letters to the Executive Committee, fragmentary records of financial pledges, form letters, press releases, bulletins, printed publications, and some correspondence.
Twenty-one very large, linen-mounted AUAM posters
Arrangement of Collection AUAM materials are arranged in four boxes. The first three boxes contain administrative records and correspondence. The fourth box contains printed literature and press releases issued by the organization. The fourth box also contains a folder of material that arrived at the Peace Collection after the rest of the records were microfilmed. Posters are stored separately in the SCPC Poster Collection. They are not microfilmed.
The microfilm consists of two reels (10.1 and 10.2). The material on the film is in slightly different order than the original documents. Below are two folder listings, one for the original documents and one for the microfilm.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Formation and history - Anti-Militarism Committee
-"Truth About Preparedness" Campaign, April. 1916
-American Union for a Democratic Peace, 1917; League for an American Peace, 1917
Program and policies
New York City branch
Meeting minutes, 1915 (November) - 1922 (January)
Reports etc. of Executive Secretary to Executive Committee
Civil Liberties Bureau - Letters etc. discussing direction for organization, 1917 [correspondents include Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, Roger Baldwin, Zona Gale, David Starr Jordan, Frederick Lynch, Scott Nearing, Norman Thomas, Oswald Garrison Villard and Lillian Wald]
-Material relating to Bureau activities, 1917-1918
Financial records - Form letters to contributing members [mostly re: non-financial matters]
-Audit report for March 1918 - December 1919
-Financial pledges from individuals
-Bills and receipts, 1921 [includes cancelled checks, February 1921] - 1922 (February)
Correspondence, 1917-1922 - Emily Greene Balch
-Rose M. Forbes (Mrs. J. Malcolm Forbes)
-William I. Hull
-Oswald Garrison Villard, 1917-1922
-Correspondence etc. re: congressional opinions on compulsory and/or universal military service, 1919-1920
Finances, etc., 1920
Correspondence; misc., 1921-1922
Printed material - Peace terms proposals
-Washington office "Bulletin" [#1?] - #75 (May 17, 1916 - April 7, 1917)
-Washington office "Bulletin" #1-40 (April 2, 1918 - January 6, 1922)
-New York office
-Advertisements and newsclippings
-Miscellaneous [including orders for "Approaches to the Great Settlement," by Emily Greene Balch]
-Miscellaneous [from Acc. 89A-001; not on microfilm; may be all duplicates]