Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Central Organization for a Durable Peace [Organisation Central pour une Paix Durable] Collected Records, 1914-1919

Collection: CDG-B Netherlands [formerly DG 007]


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399
U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator)
Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator)
URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/


Descriptive Summary
Repository
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is not the official repository for these papers/records.
Creator
Central Organization for a Durable Peace
Title
Central Organization for a Durable Peace Collected Records
Inclusive Dates
1914-1919
Call Number
CDG-B Netherlands

Language of Materials
Materials in English, French, German, and Dutch
Extent
12.5 linear inches [papers only]
Abstract
The Central Organization for a Durable Peace was formed at The Hague (the Netherlands) in April 1915 by representatives from nine European nations and the United States. The deliberations of this meeting were summarized in a manifesto, and a nine point minimum-program calling for coercive sanctions, which were studied by nine international research committees and several national committees. Departing from strict pacifism, the organization expressed a willingness to accept military sanctions against countries that started hostilities without first making a good faith effort to resolve a dispute by submitting to international arbitration or making some other appeal to the existing peace machinery.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None
Usage Restrictions
None
Alternate Form of Material
None
Acquisitions Information
Gift of William I. Hull, 1935-1939
Processing Information
Collection re-processed and new checklist created by Anne Yoder, June 2004; this finding aid created by Eleanor Fulvio, August 2010
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Central Organization for a Durable Peace Collected Records (CDG-B Netherlands), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record


Historical Background
The Central Organisation for a Durable Peace was formed at The Hague (the Netherlands) in April 1915 by representatives from nine European nations and the United States. The deliberations of this meeting were summarized in a manifesto, and a nine point minimum-program calling for coercive sanctions, which were studied by nine international research committees and several national committees. The Organisation's statement of purposed emphasized pacifistic and liberal principles as requisite for a "new diplomacy" that they hoped would emerge as a consequence of World War I. Departing from strict pacifism, the organization expressed a willingness to accept military sanctions against countries that started hostilities without first making a good faith effort to resolve a dispute by submitting to international arbitration or making some other appeal to the existing peace machinery.

The Organisation met throughout the war to discuss the basis of a durable peace, not disbanding until after the Treaty of Versailles, but the American Branch's main activities occurred before the U.S. entry into the war in 1917. American peace leaders involved with the Organisation included Fannie Fern Andrews, Emily Greene Balch and William I. Hull.


Collection Overview
Most of the material in this collection came from the papers of William I. Hull, which were given to Swarthmore College between 1935 and 1939. Though the files of the Nederlandsche Anti-Oorlog Raad had been placed in this collection at some point, as this group was part of the Organisation's International Council (or affiliated as a National Group?), the material was removed in 2004 as it both pre-dates and goes beyond the scope of this collection.

Items removed: journal publication "Holland News" removed to the Periodical Collection;
MA thesis about the Organisation by Madeline Z. Doty, in the Book Collection






Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1
History; Manifesto
Fundraising
International Council
International Committee of Research
Bibliographies
Miscellaneous, 1915
International Meeting to Examine the Means to Promote a Permanent Peace, The Hague (Netherlands), 1915 (April 7 - 9, )
Réunion International, The Hague (Netherlands), 1915 (April 7 - 10)
International Study Conference, Berne (Switzerland), 1915 [proposed] (December 14 - 18)
Pamphlet “A Durable Peace: Official Commentary on the Minimum-Program,” ca. 1915 [includes copy in French]
Miscellaneous, 1916
Constitution, 1916
Pamphlet “Le Paix et le Désarmament,” 1916
Miscellaneous, 1917
Questionary #1-7, 9, ca. 1917
Report “Dévelopment de l’Oeuvre de la Haye, Organisation de la Conferénce de la Paix,” 1917 (March)
Pamphlet “Exposé de Travaux de l’Organisation,” 1917 (September)
Report “Avant-Projet d’Un Traité Général Relatif aux Transferts de Territoires,” 1917 (September)
Report “Avant-Projet d’Un Traité Général Relatif aux Droits des Minorit´s Nationales,” 1917 (October)
Report “Demokratische Kontrolle der Auswärtigen Politik: Nichtigkeit Geheimer Verträge,” 1917 (October)
Report “Institutions Judicaires et de Conciliation,” 1917 (October)
Report “La Limitation Internationale des Armements,” 1917 (November)
Report “Berner Zusammenkunft zur Besprechung der Künftigen Völkerbeziehungen, 19. Bis 22, November 1917,” 1917 (December)
Meeting to discuss international relations after the war, Berne (Switzerland), 1917 (November 19 - 22)
International Study Conference, Berne (Switzerland), 1917 (November)[proposed]
Miscellaneous, 1918
Miscellaneous, 1919
Pamphlet “Translation of Abdul-Baha’s Letter to the Central Organization...,” 1919
Miscellaneous, undated
Reference material: misc.
Reference material: typescript of “Address of William H. Taft Before the National Education Association,” New York (New York), 1916
(July 3)

Box 2
International Congress for the Study of the Principles of a Durable Peace, Berne (Switzerland), 1916
- Papers published (in English), 1915
- Pamphlets published (in English), 1916
- Pamphlets published (in English), 1917
- Pamphlets published (in German), 1915
- Pamphlets published (in German), 1916
- Pamphlets published (in German), 1917

Box 3
American Branch: meeting minutes, lists of members, etc., 1915-1917
American Branch: correspondence of Emily Greene Balch, 1915-1918
American Branch: correspondence of William I. Hull, 1915-1918
American Branch: pamphlets by Fannie Fern Andrews
American Branch: pamphlets published
Swiss Committee: appeal; pamphlet “Memorial Concerning the Principles of a Durable Treaty of Peace,” 1915
 



This file was last updated on April 6, 2011.