Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Dwight S. Large and Frances K. Large Collected Papers, 1969-1976


Contact Information
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399 U.S.A.
Telephone: (610) 328-8557 (Curator); Fax: (610) 328-8544
Email: wchmiel1@swarthmore.edu (Curator); URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/

Descriptive Summary
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers.
Large, Dwight S. (1911-1982) and Frances K. Large (1910-2004)
Dwight S. Large and Frances K. Large Collected Papers
Inclusive Dates
Call Number/Designation

Language of Materials
Materials in English
2 linear feet [papers only]
Papers of a married couple who worked for legal amnesty for Vietnam War resisters.

Administrative Information
Restrictions to Access
None, except that boxes are store offsite as of February 2016. Please contact SCPC staff to retrieve these boxes two weeks in advance of your visit to the Peace Collection.
Usage Restrictions
Alternate Form of Material
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Dwight S. Large, 1977-1978 [accs. 77A-099, 77A-111, 77A-122, 78A-004, 78A-072]
Processing Information
Processed by Anne M. Yoder, Archivist, August 2015; finding aid updated by Wendy Chmielewski May 2016.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Dwight S. Large and Frances K. Large Collected Papers (CDG-A), Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Copyright Notice
Copyright may have been transferred to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection or may have been retained by the creators/authors (or their descendants), in this collection, as stipulated by United States copyright law. Please contact the SCPC Curator for further information.

Online Catalog Headings
These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online library/archival catalogs.
See tripod record

Related Collections

Historical Background
Dwight Large graduated from Albion College in Michigan, and from Yale University Divinity School. He also studied at Union Theological Seminary in New York City. During World War II Dwight Large was one of the first Methodist ministers to take a public stand by filing as a religious conscientious objector to war. He directed the American Friends Service Committee's relief operations in Palestine in 1949, later held several administrative posts with Amnesty International, and was a United Methodist Church pastor in Germantown, Pennsylvania, and in Lansing, Michigan, among many other churches. Large's last appointment was as minister at Central Methodist Church in Detroit which was very well-known for its strong pacifism. His concern, as well as his wife's, for conscientious objectors to the Vietnam War -- as well as the draft evaders and draft resisters -- led to their efforts to promote amnesty for these men. The Amnesty Information and Action Center was established in 1972 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, to assist those Americans who refused to participate in the Vietnam War obtain legal amnesty. The organization was founded and run by the Larges; they distributed material to and coordinated networks on all aspects of amnesty and reconciliation. The AIAC was sponsored by the Methodist Church and ceased operation in 1973.

Dwight Large spent the last few years of his life in Adelaide, Australia, where he died in 1982.

Frances Large also graduated from Albion College (where she met Dwight) and was like her husband a committed pacifist. This led her to be an active member of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) and the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR). Frances joined Dwight in his work with conscientious objectors. In 1978 she and Dwight moved to Adelaide, Australia to be near their son Stephen and his family (I was teaching Japanese history at the University of Adelaide at the time, before moving to Cambridge). After Dwight died, Frances eventually returned to the U.S. where she became a Quaker. She died in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 2004.

Collection Overview
This collection of papers reflects the Large's efforts to bring amnesty to Vietnam war resisters. Much of the correspondence is with United Methodists concerning the setting up and maintenance of The Amnesty Information and Action Center. Correspondents include Kenneth R. Colton, Glenn B. Hosman Jr., John E. Jordan, Henry Schwarzchild, and Herman Will, Jr.

This collection of papers was designated the Amnesty Information and Action Center Records (DG 114) in 1981, and cataloged as such. However, because the AIAC only lasted two years and these papers go well beyond that scope, it was decided in 2015 to call them the Dwight S. and Frances K. Large Collected Papers (CDG-A).

Oversized document (reprint of newspaper ad): "There are 1210 names in this advertisement...." [see Oversized Document #0849]

Arrangement of Collection
The papers are arranged first by material produced by or about Dwight and Frances Large, followed by reference material that they gathered on amnesty from individual authors, organizations, and religious entities.
This collection was sent to offsite storage in February 2016.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Box 1 [SCPC-5447] offsite
Amnesty Information and Action Center: formation; purpose; progress reports
Media coverage
Correspondence, 1972 (January-June)
Correspondence, 1972 (July-December)
Correspondence, 1973 (January-April)
Correspondence, 1973 (May-December)
Correspondence, 1974
Correspondence, 1975
Correspondence, undated

Box 2 [SCPC-5448] offsite
Survey re: problems and prospects for other-than-honorable discharges, 1974
Meetings/conferences attended; list of presentations given
Attendance at Policy Committee meeting for Emergency Ministries Concerning the War, February 9, 1972
Attendance at Interreligious Conference on Amnesty, March 26-27, 1972
Attendance at Amnesty Conference in Louisville, Kentucky, November 16, 1974
Writings: Letters to the Editor
Bibliography created and amended
Fact sheets created, 1972 (June) – 1974 (January)
Writings: Published article “Amnesty and Conscience” by Dwight S. Large, 1975
Writings: manuscript “Amnesty, Conscience, and the Aftermath of the Vietnam War” by Dwight S. Large
Writings: "Amnesty Study Guide and Leader's Manual" by Dwight Large and Frances Large
Writings: The Religious Community Speaks on Amnesty [with other versions]
Writings: "Veterans Returning from Vietnam" by Dwight and Frances Large
Writings: manuscripts; draft of quotes
Material distributed
Miscellaneous notes
Lists of people for amnesty network
Mailing list (handwritten; "Our Amnesty Network")

Box 3 [SCPC-5449] offsite
Reference material: annotated bibliography “United States' Vietnam War Exiles” by Jeanne Ransom,” 1972
Reference material: article (pamphlet report) “Amnesty: An Act of Grace”
Reference material: article “Amnesty: An Historical Justification for Its Continuing Viability” by Daniel M. Migliore
Reference material: article “The Case for an Unconditional, Universal Amnesty for Draft Evaders and Armed Forces Deserters” by William D. Wick
Reference material: article “Congressional Amnesty for War Resisters: Policy Considerations and Constitutional Problems” by Louis Lusky
Reference material: booklet “’Keeping Mercy for Thousands’: A Study Kit on Amnesty” prepared by Rabbi Balfour Brickner
Reference material: booklet “Post War Opportunity and the Viet Nam Era Veteran”
Reference material: document “Actions and Reflections: Individual Responses to the Indochina War and its Heritage”
Reference material: document “The Advocates: The PBS Fight of the Week” (topic = “Should Unconditional Amnesty be Granted to Those Who Have Evaded Military Service?”; participants included Ramsey Clark, James Reston Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Robert Ransom, James Hill, Robert Jordan and James Kilpatrick; moderated by Michael Dukakis)
Reference material: document “Backgrounds: Other-Than-Honorable Discharges: Problems and Prospects for Change”
Reference material: document “Peace Action in Local Churches and Synagogues”
Reference material: document “When Can I Come Home?”
Reference material: monograph “Amnesty for Those Who Wouldn't Go” by Lieutenant Colonel Wilfred L. Ebel
Reference material: mss. “Abstracts” (p. 1-185)
Reference material: mss. “Abstracts” (p. 186-243)
Reference material: mss. “Amnesty"
Reference material: mss. “American Deserters and Draft Evaders: Exile, Punishment, or Amnesty” by Douglas Jones and David Raish

Box 4 [SCPC-5450] offsite
Reference material: mss. “The Case for a General Amnesty” by Jon M. Van Dyke, 1971
Reference material: mss. “A History and Discussion of Amnesty” by Norman Weisman
Reference material: mss. (untitled) by Edward F. Sherman
Reference material: report “Vietnam Era Veterans in Prison,” 1976
Reference material: American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) / ACLU Foundation
Reference material: American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)
Reference material: Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors (CCCO)
Reference material: Clergy and Laity Concerned (CALC)
Reference material: Draft Information Center
Reference material: Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR)
Reference material: Household of Peace
Reference material: National Council for Universal and Unconditional Amnesty (NCUUA)
Reference material: National Council of Churches (NCC)
Reference material: National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO)
Reference material: National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO) -- Amnesty Information Service
Reference material: Safe Return
Reference material: Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Reference material: War Resisters League (WRL)
Reference material: Women Strike for Peace (WSP) -- Anti-Draft and Amnesty Clearing House

Box 5 [SCPC-5451] offsite
Reference material: World Without War Council
Reference material: Catholics
Reference material: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
Reference material: Episcopalians
Reference material: Jews
Reference material: Lutherans
Reference material: Mennonites
Reference material: Methodists
Reference material: Methodists: Detroit Annual Conference
Reference material: Office for the Nations
Reference material: Presbyterians
Reference material: United Church of Christ (UCC)
Reference material: Unitarians
Reference material: miscellaneous, 1969-1970
Reference material: miscellaneous, 1971
Reference material: miscellaneous, 1972
Reference material: miscellaneous, 1973
Reference material: miscellaneous, 1974
Reference material: miscellaneous, 1975-1976
Reference material: miscellaneous, undated

This checklist last updated on April 2, 2018