Edward W. Evans, Quaker Concerns Papers, 1938-1951

(14 boxes; 7 linear feet)

RG5/237


©Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Abstract
Edward W. Evans (1882-1976) was a Quaker leader and lawyer active in the educational and peace concerns of the Society of Friends. The collection primarily contains papers compiled by Edward W. Evans during his time as Secretary of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Orthodox), from 1938-1946. Of particular interest are the materials concerning Civilian Public Service. The collection is significant in its documentation of pacifist attitudes and the ways in which the Society of Friends was active during the Second World War.

Background note:
Edward W. Evans (1882-1976) was born January 31, 1882, in Germantown, Pa. He graduated from Germantown Friends School and received an A.B. from Haverford College in 1902, an A.B. from Harvard University in 1903, and an LL.B. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1907. He married Jacqueline Pascal Morris in 1911. He served on the Board of Managers of Haverford College from 1912 to 1965.

Evans was a lifelong member of Germantown Monthly Meeting and active in many Quaker concerns. He was particularly involved in the area of peace work. He was the General Secretary of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Orthodox) from 1938-1946 served on the War Problems Committee, Civilian Public Service Committee, Joint Peace Committee, Peace Committee, and Friends Committee on National Legislation. He served on the board of directors of the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), Committee of Pendle Hill, and the White William Foundation. He was instrumental in the founding of the Fellowship of Reconciliation and was executive secretary from 1916-1919. He also was active in PYM Committee to Confer with the Federal Council of Churches, Committee on Epistles, Committee on Social Order, Committee to Revise Discipline, and Committee on the Westtown School. He was a delegate to the Five Years Meeting, to two Peace Conferences in London, and to Friends World Conference.

He died on May 26, 1976, at Foulkeways, Gwynedd, Pa.

Scope and content
This collection contains the papers of Edward W. Evans compiled largely while he was the Secretary of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (1938-1946), with some additions by his immediate successor, Howard G. Taylor. The papers contain materials from Evans’ activities as Secretary and also from the committees on which he served during the period from 1938-1950. Included are documents pertaining to Philadelphia Yearly Meeting and ecumenical groups such as the Philadelphia Federation of Churches to the World Council of Churches. Much of the collection is concerned with World War II and the role of Quakers as conscientious objectors. This includes papers relating to Civilian Public Service. There is also a considerable amount of paperwork from the Friends Committee on National Legislation, which was responsible for bringing Quaker interests, especially conscientious objection, before the federal government. Correspondents include Clarence Pickett (AFSC) and Paul Furnas (FCNL). This collection is significant in its documentation of pacifist attitudes and the ways in which the Society of Friends was active during the Second World War.

Organization: Series 1: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Series 2: Ecumenical Groups. Series 3: Peace Activities. Series 4: Other Activities.


Administrative and Other Descriptive Information

Restrictions
Collection is open for research.

Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.

Acquisition Information
Transferred from Haverford College, 2001

Processing information
Order was largely retained as received.

As described, “Internal Communications” are letters, phone messages, memos, etc, between members of the committee, usually pertaining to administrative matters or the preparation of general letters and other documents. Sometimes copies of external letters are forwarded with the internal ones and are retained in the folder.

“External Communications” are papers either to or from a committee member someone outside the committee member. When internal communication pertains directly to the subjects of an external letter, it is included with it in the external folder. “Administrative Papers” includes minutes, scheduling issues, memos, and some drafts of official statements.

“General Letters” are form letters, or newsletters and other mass mailings, as opposed to “Personal Correspondence.”

Related material
RG5/69 William I. Hull Papers, 1892-1939

RG 2/ Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Records

Swarthmore College Peace Collection: DG 13 Fellowship of Reconciliation Records. 1915-[ongoing]; DG 122 Edward W. Evans Papers, 1916-1922 (Concerning his involvement in Fellowship of Reconciliation and Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Peace Committee, 1916-1922); DG 95 Allen S. Olmstead Papers.


Added entries

Subjects
  • American Friends Service Committee
  • Conscientious objection -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends
  • Conscientious objection -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends
  • Conscientious objection -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends
  • Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc.
  • Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc.
  • Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc.
  • Conscientious objection -- United States
  • Conscientious objection -- United States
  • Evans, Edward W. (Edward Wyatt), 1882-1976 -- Archives
  • Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)
  • Five Years Meeting (Society of Friends : U.S.)
  • French, Paul Comly, 1903-1960
  • Friends Committee on National Legislation (U.S.)
  • Furnas, Paul J.
  • Lawyers -- Pennsylvania -- History -- Sources.
  • Pacifism -- History – Sources
  • Pacifism -- United States -- History -- Sources.
  • Pacifists -- Pennsylvania -- History -- Sources.
  • Peace -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends
  • Peace -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends -- History -- Sources
  • Peace -- Societies, etc.
  • Peace movements -- United States -- History -- Sources.
  • Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Orthodox : 1827-1955)
  • Quakers -- Congresses -- History -- Sources.
  • Quakers -- Pennsylvania -- History -- Sources.
  • Society of Friends -- Pennsylvania -- History -- Sources.
  • World Alliance for International Friendship through Religion
  • World Council of Churches
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Moral and ethical aspects
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Moral and ethical aspects Conscientious objection -- United States
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Moral and ethical aspects-Society of Friends -- War relief and reconstruction
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Religious aspects

    Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Orthodox : 1827-1955)
  • Pickett, Clarence, 1884-1965

    Contact information

    Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College

     


    Collection inventory

    Note to Researchers: These records may only be consulted at Swarthmore, and are not available through inter-Library loan.


    Series 1: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, 1938-50

    Secretary’s papers
    1938-46

    Evans served as Secretary from 1939-1946.

    Miscellaneous
    1941-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Evans’ Proposal for a Leave of Absence
    1943-1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    War, Peace, & International Affairs
    1938-1940; 1944-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Communication with Race St.
    1940-1948
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Papers from Race St.
    1942-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Correspondence Received
    1940-44

    Contains mailings that Evans received, with occasional follow-up materials (e.g., minutes of an organization).

    ACLU Urges Defeat of Gag Bill
    1940
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Protection of Historic Buildings, Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    United States Bureau of Education High School Victory Corps Program
    1942-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Red Cross Campaign
    1942-1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Victory Tax & Pacifist Organizations Fellowship of Reconciliation Action
    1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Committees
    1938-49

    Contains reports, agendas, and minutes of Yearly Meeting Committees, and correspondence between Evans and members of the committees.

    Peace Committee
    1938-1947
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Peace Committee
    1939-1949
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Representative Meeting Special Session on War Problems & Subsequent Developments
    1940
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Representative Meeting Committee on Message
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Communication re: Committee on Message
    1942-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Committee of the Representative Bodies of Arch St. and Race St.
    1942-1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Associated Executive Committee on Indian Affairs
    1946-1949
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Conferences
    1942-50

    These conferences were attended by members of PYM; most of them were attended by Evans himself. The folders contain reports and discussions of the conferences, and also correspondence on administrative issues.

    Conference on Post-War Reconstruction, Wilmington, OH
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    National Study Conference on the Churches and a Just and Durable Peace
    1942-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    All-American Friends Conference
    1942, 1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Second National Study Conference on the Churches and a Just and Durable Peace
    1944-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    All-Quaker Conference in Richmond, IN
    1946, 1948, 1950
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Non-PYM Conscientious Objectors
    1940-45

    These folders contain data on cases of conscientious objectors other than members of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. It includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, and meticulous lists on particular cases.

    Communications
    1940-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Data and Information
    1941-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Data and Information
    1941-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Reference File: Newspaper Clippings on Cases
    (1940-1945)
    Box 3

    Five Years Meeting
    1940-48

    Evans served as a delegate. The large group met in 1940 and 1945 and in smaller groups annually to discuss the relations between PYM and the other yearly meetings and the proposed duties of the Five Years Meeting.

    Reports, Minutes, and Drafts
    1940-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Communications and Drafts
    1942-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Reports and Drafts
    1945-1948
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Internal Communications
    1940-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Mainly scheduling

    Internal Communications
    1945-1947
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Series 2: Ecumenical Groups, 1939-1951

    Philadelphia Yearly Meeting participated in a number of groups that were concerned with uniting Christian denominations to deal with issues that were relevant to the Christian conscience.

    Philadelphia Federation of Churches/Philadelphia Council of Churches
    1940-47

    The Philadelphia Federation of Churches merged with several other organizations in the area to form the Philadelphia Council of Churches.

    Official Documents
    1940-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Correspondence
    1939-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Report and Correspondence from First Annual Meeting of Philadelphia Council of Churches
    1947
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Federal Council of Churches
    1940-51

    Correspondence
    1940-1947
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Correspondence & Pamphlets
    1949-1951
    (1 folder)
    Box 3

    Conference on Church Union
    1949
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    Conference on “Church and Economic Life”
    1950
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    World Council of Churches
    1940-48

    Documents, Essays, and Reports from the Founding of the World Council of Churches
    1940-1941; 1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    Administrative and Official Documents
    1940-1948
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    Executive Committee Minutes, Reports, and Agendas
    1940-1947
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    Statements and Official Documents
    1940-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    Correspondence with Philadelphia Friends
    1946-1948
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    World Alliance for International Friendship Through the Churches
    1939-42

    Correspondence
    1939-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    Committee on Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 4

    Appointed by the Executive Committee of the World Alliance

    Series 3: Peace Activities, 1939-49

    The bulk of this series reflects Evans participation as a member of the Civilian Public Service (CPS) Committee, but it also contains all of the folders pertaining to WWII and the actions of various pacifist groups. The War Problems Committee (WPC) and the Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL) are also represented. The series has been divided into six sections according to topic; within the sections the organization is as a chronological as possible.

    Civilian Public Service and Selective Service Documents and General Letters
    1939-49

    Pre-War Conscientious Objector Committee Minutes
    1940-1941
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    Also includes some scheduling letters)

    Forms and Information for Conscientious Objectors
    1940
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    Conscientious Objectors & Non-Military Service Information
    1939-1941
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    Information for Conscientious Objectors (from various sources)
    1940-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    Conscientious Objectors Legal Information and Documents
    1940-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    Drafts and Documents re: Conscientious Objectors and Selective Service Act
    1940-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    Newsletters
    1942-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    Outgoing News/General Letters/Information
    1940-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    CPS /SSS Papers
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    SSS National Releases
    1942-1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    SSS National Documents
    1942-1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 5

    American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) Statements on Conscription
    1940-1942; 1948-1949
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    AFSC Conference on Conscientious Objectors & Pacifism
    1940
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    CPS/Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Official Documents and Drafts
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    Civilian Public Service Administrative Records
    1941-46

    Miscellaneous Papers
    1941-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    Miscellaneous Papers
    1942-1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    Miscellaneous Papers
    1944-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    Committee on Government Camp Problem Documents
    1942-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    CPS/PYM Papers on Ellis Williams’ Visit
    1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    CPS Committee Minutes
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 6

    PYM/CPS and Monthly Meeting CPS Communication
    1940-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 7

    Personal Correspondence
    1940-46

    Evans’ correspondence
    1940-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 7

    Letters Collecting PYM CPS Data; Letters Sent to PYM Members
    1942-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 7

    Evans’ Internal Communication re: CPS
    1940-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 7

    Evans’ CPS/PYM External Communications
    1940-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 7

    Evans & PYM CPS representatives to and about Monthly Meetings
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 7

    CPS Fundraising Requests to Monthly Meetings & Responses
    1940-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 8

    CPS/PYM Memos, & Letters Pertaining to Monthly Meeting Outreach
    1941-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 8

    Information concerning PYM’s Draft-Eligible Men
    1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 8

    Civilian Public Service and Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Data and Lists
    1940-46

    Selective Service material
    1940-1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 8

    CPS/PYM Financial Data
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 8

    CPS Financial Data
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 8

    CPS Contribution Correspondence
    1945-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 8

    PYM Lists of Draft-Eligible Men
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 9

    PS & PYM Data on Draft-Eligible Men
    1942-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 9

    Data on PYM Members in CPS
    1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 9

    Other Anti-War Committees/Organizations
    1941-48

    Friends Emergency Service Bureau
    1941-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 9

    National Service Board for Religious Objectors Minutes
    1941-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 9

    National Service Board for Religious Objectors Bulletins
    1941-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 9

    National Service Board for Religious Objectors Communications
    1941-1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 9

    PYM/AFSC Communications re: Civilian Bonds in lieu of War Bonds
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    Alternative Contribution Official Information
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    Pacifist Research Bureau Minutes, Statements, Lists
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    Pacifist Research Bureau Communications
    1941-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    PYM Committee on Conscription Official Statements and Drafts
    1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    PYM Committee on Conscription Internal Letters
    1945-1948
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    PYM Committee on Conscription
    1945-1948
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    Civilian Public Service Reference Files
    1940-45

    Newspaper Clippings from CPS Files
    1940
    (1 folder)
    Box 10

    Newspaper Clippings from CPS Files
    1941
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    Newspaper Clippings from CPS Files
    1942
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    Newspaper Clippings from CPS Files
    1943-45
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    Selective Service Regulation Booklets
    n.d.
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    Series 4: Other National Activities, 1940-48

    This series contains documents pertaining to Quaker involvement on national issues. There is some overlap between these folders and CPS folders because both were concerned with the Selective Service Act and the treatment of Conscientious Objectors under law.

    Pre-Friends Committee on National Legislation Documents
    1940-43

    The War Problems Committee evolved into the Friends Committee on National Legislation in 1943, after a conference in Richmond, Indiana.

    War Problems Committee Minutes
    1940-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    War Problems Committee & Peace Committee in Monthly Meetings
    1940
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    War Problems Committee Data and Drafts
    1940-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    War Problems Committee Internal Communications
    1940-1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    Race St. War Problems Committee Documents
    1940-1941
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    War Problems Committee Plans for Richmond Conference 6/11-6/12
    1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    From War Problems Committee to Friends Committee on National Legislation
    1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 11

    Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL) Administrative Papers
    1943-1946

    Founding Papers and Mission Statements
    1943-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 12

    Organization & Data
    1943-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 12

    Executive Committee Minutes/Agendas
    1943-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 12

    Executive Committee Data
    1943-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 12

    Finance Committee Papers
    1943-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 12

    Appeals to Arch Street Yearly Meeting
    1943-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 12

    Official Documents
    1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 12

    Friends Committee on National Legislation Communications
    1942-45

    Internal Communications
    1943
    (1 folder)
    Box 13

    Internal Communications
    1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 13

    External Communications
    1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 13

    Financial Appeals
    1944
    (1 folder)
    Box 13

    External Communications
    1944-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 13

    Internal Communications
    1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 13

    Projects
    1942-48

    Conscientious Objectors
    1943-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 14

    Peacetime Conscription
    1944-1945
    (1 folder)
    Box 14

    Peacetime Conscription
    1945-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 14

    Communications
    1946-1948
    (1 folder)
    Box 14

    Friends Committee on National Legislation Reference Files
    1943-46

    FCNL Issues—Information on Legislation
    1943-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 14

    Newspaper Clippings from FCNL Files
    1943-1946
    (1 folder)
    Box 14