Sherwood Select School Papers, 1909-1973.

(2 boxes; 0.75 linear feet )

RG5/228


©Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Abstract
Sherwood Select School was a Quaker high school in Sherwood, New York, established in 1871. In 1926, it became part of a consolidated public school system, renamed Sherwood Central School. Helen S. Judson (1885-1973) served as a teacher and then principal between 1909 and 1919. Emily Howland (1827-1929), Quaker educator and humanitarian, was a long time supporter of the School until her death in 1929. This collection contains the papers of Helen S. Judson, including correspondence while at the Sherwood Select School and with Emily Howland. It also contains typed transcripts of writings by Emily Howland, 1836-1929, and Sherwood Select School memorabilia including photographs of some of the teachers.

Background note:
Helen Sheldon Judson was born November 22, 1885, in Vernon, New York, to Salmon Sheldon Judson and Helen Lydia Dean Judson. She had two younger brothers, James and Sheldon. Helen Judson graduated from Vernon High School in 1903 and spent the next school year studying in the home of her Aunt Cornelia Frances Dean Merritt and her husband Arthur H. Merritt, who was a professor at Trinity College in Durham, North Carolina. In 1904, she entered Wellesley College and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1908.

In 1909, she joined the staff of Sherwood Select School. Sherwood Select School was established in 1871 at the request of Elizabeth and Samuel Otis. Their children previously had been taught at home, but now they were ready for high school. The Otises provided a house to serve as the school and hired Hepsibeth Hussey as the first principal. Initially only the children of Wilburite Friends were to attend, but there weren’t enough in the area to form a class, so the children of other neighbors were invited. Fourteen pupils studied at Sherwood the first year, but by 1882, the population had grown so large that a new building was necessary. Emily Howland, (1827-1929) who had served as the school’s primary benefactor since its opening, provided the new building.. She was a Quaker humanitarian and educator particularly known for her work with freed slaves in Virginia during and after the American Civil War. Starting around 1895, attendance dropped off because the school was not under the jurisdiction of the State Regents. In 1906, most of the school closed, although one class continued for an additional year.

The School was reorganized under the New York State Regents requirement and reopened in 1909 under Principal Louise Billyard. She hired Helen Judson as her assistant. During her time at Sherwood, Helen taught algebra, ancient history, geography, spelling, and biology. She also served as principal for two years. Around 1919, Helen Judson became a teacher at Syracuse Central High School, where she taught biology until her retirement in 1956. Helen S. Judson died August 5, 1973, at the age of 87 at the Presbyterian Nursing Home in New Hartford, NY.

Although Emily Howland paid Sherwood’s annual deficit for almost forty years, she became concerned about the future of the School as she became very elderly. In 1926, Sherwood combined with six other schools to form a consolidated public school which was named Sherwood Central School. Emily Howland served on the first board of education, and Miss Phebe King, who had been a student, teacher, and principal at Sherwood Select, became the first principal of the new school.

Scope and content
This collection contains the papers of Helen S. Judson, including correspondence while at the Sherwood Select School and from Emily Howland. It also contains typed transcripts of writings by Emily Howland, 1836-1929, and Sherwood Select School memorabilia.

Organization:Organized in 3 series: 1. Correspondence; 2. Typed transcripts of the writing of Emily Howland and memorabilia; 3. Sherwood School Memorabilia.


Administrative and Other Descriptive Information

Restrictions
Collection is open for research.

Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.

Acquisition Information
Deposit, Sheldon Judson, 1997-98.

The collection was given by Sheldon Judson, nephew of Helen S. Judson.

Processing information
Correspondence and papers were organized, put in folder boxes, and placed in RG 5. One of the two copies of A Historical Sketch of Sherwood Select School (1871-1911) by Lucy Jacobs was removed from the collection and added to PG 2, Schools. Individual photographs of Emily Howland were removed to FHL Individual Portraits. Photographs of students and teachers of the Sherwood School remain in Series 3 for ease of access.

Separated material

Related material
Emily Howland Papers, RG 5/066


Added entries

Subjects
  • Howland, Emily, 1827-1929
  • Judson, Helen S. (Helen Sheldon), 1885-1973
  • New York (State) -- Education
  • Quakers -- New York (State) Women -- Education
  • Quakers-- Social service
  • Sherwood Select School.

    Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Howland, Emily, 1827-1929

    Contact information

    Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College

     


    Collection inventory

    Note to Researchers: These records may only be consulted at Swarthmore, and are not available through inter-Library loan.


    Series 1: Helen S. Judson Correspondence, 1909-1960

    Correspondence concerning Helen S. Judson’s application to teach at Sherwood School
    1909
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Letters of recommendation for Helen S. Judson.
    1909-1921
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Correspondence from Helen S. Judson at Sherwood School to her mother Helen Dean Judson.
    1910-1912
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Correspondence to Helen S. Judson at Sherwood School from her mother Helen Dean Judson.
    1912-1913
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Correspondence to Helen S. Judson from Emily Howland.
    1913-1925
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Miscellaneous correspondence to Helen S. Judson.
    1936, 1959, & 1960
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Series 2: Typed transcripts of writings by Emily Howland and Memorabilia, 1836-1929

    Miscellaneous Letters and Essays (transcripts)
    1836-1929
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Commencement Addresses at Sherwood and Interesting Quotes from Diaries (Transcripts)
    1849-1928
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Letters and Diary from Miss Miner’s School, Washington, D.C., and Letters from Heathsville, Va. (transcripts)
    1857-1870
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Journal, Report, Reminiscences, and Letters from Contraband Camp. (transcripts)
    1863-1866
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Speeches about Temperance, Woman’s Suffrage, and Peace (transcripts)
    1874-1924
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Historical Sketch of Friends in Cayuga County, N.Y.
    1882
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    1964 reprint of 1882 edition.

    Transcript of an unfinished letter from Emily Howland to Ramabai of India
    1888
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Program for the 62nd Convocation of the University of the State of New York
    1926
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    Emily Howland received an honorary doctorate at this convocation

    Beneficiaries of Emily Howland’s Will.
    1929
    (1 folder)
    Box 1

    An Unforgettable Person – Emily Howland (1827-1929)
    n.d.
    (2 copies)
    Box 1

    Series 3: Miscellaneous, 1909-1973

    Class Lapel Pin, Isabel Howland’s bookplate (Emily Howland’s niece)
    1909; n.d.
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Photographs of persons associated with the Sherwood School
    ca. 1911-1959
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Includes individual portraits of Lucille Robertson, Isabel Howland, Helen Judson, and Phebe King; teachers at Sherwood School picnic in 1911, at a Sherwood School reunion, and in 1959

    Speech by Principal Louise Billyard at the Alumni Association Meeting.
    1910
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    A Historical Sketch of Sherwood Select School (1871-1911)
    1911
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Grade Book of Helen S. Judson
    1912-1913
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    The Owl (Yearbook)
    1913
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Commencement Programs
    1913 & 1919
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Commencement Speech by Emily Howland
    1920
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Memorials and biographies of Helen S. Judson, Isabel Howland, and Emily Howland
    1929-1973
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    MS by Helen Judson, “What Kept Miss Emily Young,”
    1909, 1973
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Photocopy. Given at P.T.A. meeting in 1909 after the Sherwood School was reopened; also a cover letter from Phebe King describing Miss Judson.

    Program from the Sherwood Central School Dedication Ceremony.
    1955
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Transcript of testimonial dinner for Phebe King.
    1965
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Newspaper clippings re: Sherwood School and its former teachers.
    n.d. & 1966
    (1 folder)
    Box 2

    Report of the Committee on the Emily Howland Memorial to the members of the Board of Education of Sherwood Central School.
    n.d.
    (1 folder)
    Box 2