Jackson-Conard Family Papers, 1748-1910

(2.2 linear ft.)


©Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399  

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Table of contents
The Jackson-Conard Family Papers include correspondence and other manuscripts of the Jackson and Conard families of London Grove Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. The primary recipients are William Jackson (1746-1834), a Quaker minister, and his nephew, William Jackson (1789-1864), who served a single term in the Pennsylvania State Senate and was active in the anti-slavery movement.

Background note:
1746-1781 William Jackson, a Quaker minister from Londongrove Township, Chester County, was born in 1746, the son of William (1705-1785) and Katherine Miller (1713-1781) Jackson. He was the grandson of Isaac Jackson (1665-1750) who emigrated from Ireland in 1725. This William Jackson was recommended as a minister by New Garden Preparative Meeting in 12mo 1775, and traveled with John Churchman on his last journey that same year. He continued to travel extensively throughout the Middle Atlantic region during the period of the Revolutionary War, and then to New England after 1781.
1788-1834 In 1788 he married Hannah Seaman, an Elder of Westbury Monthly Meeting on Long Island and daughter of Thomas and Hannah Seaman. The couple resided in New York for about two years until they returned to Pennsylvania in 1790. Hannah was recognized as a minister herself by New Garden Meeting in 1792. William Jackson traveled to Britain and Ireland in 1802 and spent three years visiting Friends in Great Britain. He returned home in 1805. Despite his age, William was active in supporting the Orthodox position during the Hicksite Separation of 1827. Hannah and William Jackson remained childless. Hannah predeceased her spouse in 1833, and he followed in 1mo 1834.
1789-1838 William Jackson (1789-1864) was the son of the second William Jackson's brother, John. William attended Westtown and then Enoch Lewis' boarding school at New Garden. He inherited his father's farm, Harmony Grove, at the death of the former, but was elected a member of the State Senate in 1838 on the ticket of the Anti-Masonic Party and served a single term. He was also involved in the anti-slavery movement and served as a Clerk of the New Garden Monthly Meeting.
1820-1875 Mary T. Jackson (1820-?) was the daughter of William and Mary Taylor Jackson. She married Everard Conard (1814-1893) in 1839. Their son, Milton E. Conard (1851-1925), married Amie Anna Hughes (1850-1925), daughter of William and Elizabeth Gawthrop Hughes, in 1873. A daughter, Elizabeth H. Conard, was born in 1875.
Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT The Jackson-Conard Family Papers include correspondence, journals and commonplace books, estate, property, and financial records, and other miscellaneous materials of a Chester County Quaker family.

The correspondence received by William Jackson (1746-1834) is primarily in support of his travelling ministry. Letters from other ministers and prominent Friends encourage his religious work and contain news of family and friends. Of particular interest is a manuscript map of the Quaker meetings in the Hudson River Valley—with indication of distance between each—drawn on the back of a 1798 letter from Joseph Whitall. Also included is a note from Joshua Pusey discussing the reasons for Friends' avoidance of certain colors in plain dress. Moses Brown makes reference to the activities of the Free Quakers in New England in the early 1780's. Other correspondents include Sarah Brown, David Cooper, Deborah Darby, Thomas Fisher, Edward Garrigues, Ann Harlan, Hannah Jackson, Isaac Jackson, James Jackson, Mehetabel Jenkins, Jacob Lindley, James Mott, Samuel Parsons, John Pemberton, Sarah Rodman, William Rotch, Rachel Rowntree, David Sands, Job Scott, Anne & John Willis, Anne Willson,

John Jackson's (1748-1821) papers include correspondence on the exchange of plants and several albums and lists of plant materials presumably maintained at his home, Harmony Grove. His son, William's (1789-1864) correspondence falls into two categories, that related to his brief political career in the Pennsylvania State Senate in the late 1830's, and that from relatives and friends, much relating to settlement of family estates for which he served as Executor. Of particular interest is a letter from Benjamin Lundy regarding his proposal to settle African-Americans in Mexico. Hannah Monaghan writes about a visit from the New Harmonists and relates her political views on a variety of issues. Elijah Pennypacker's correspondence contains a lot of information about Pennsylvania State politics from 1834-39. Other correspondents include Joel Jackson, Jesse Kersey, Dr. George Smith, and Benjamin and Catherine Webb

Amie Anna Hughes (1850-1925)—also known as Anna A.—married Milton E. Conard, in 1873; Milton earned his doctorate in Veterinary Medicine from the University of Pennsylvania in 1891. Milton's father, Everard Conard, married Mary T. Jackson, William's daughter, in 1839. Everard, who died in 1893, was a farmer and taxidermist. Of particular interest in this part of the collection are three journals of Amie Anna Hughes kept during the three years before her marriage, as well as correspondence between the soon-to-be newlyweds while Milton was at Millersville, Pennsylvania, at school.

Organization This collection is divided into four series:

Added entries

  • Gardening
  • Lay ministry -- Pennsylvania -- Chester County
  • Lay ministry -- Society of Friends
  • Legislators -- Pennsylvania
  • New Garden Monthly Meeting
  • New Garden Monthly Meeting (Society of Friends: Chester County, Pa.)
  • New Garden Monthly Meeting of Friends (Orthodox: Chester County, Pa.)
  • Pennsylvania. General Assembly. Senate
  • Quakers - Pennsylvania -- Chester County
  • Quakers in public life
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Brown, Moses, 1738-1836
  • Cooper, David, 1725-1795
  • Darby, Deborah, 1754-1810
  • Emlen, Samuel, 1730-1799
  • Fisher, Thomas, 1741-1810
  • Garrigues, Edward, 1756-1845
  • Harlan, Ann, 1739-1804
  • Jackson, Halliday, 1771-1835
  • Jackson, Hannah, 1767-1845
  • Jackson, Isaac, 1775-1855
  • Jackson, James, 1736-1817
  • Jackson, Joel, 1776-1857
  • Jenkins, Mehetabel, 1731-1815
  • Kersey, Jesse, 1768-1845
  • Lindley, Jacob, 1744-1814
  • Lundy, Benjamin, 1789-1839
  • Monaghan, Hannah, W.1784-1804
  • Mott, James, 1742-1823
  • Mott, James, 1788-1868
  • Parsons, Samuel, 1774-1841
  • Pemberton, John, 1727-1795
  • Pennypacker, E.F. (Elijah Funk), 1804-1888
  • Preston, Ann,
  • Rodman, Sarah
  • Rotch, William, 1759-1863
  • Rowntree, Rachel, 1770-1825
  • Sands, David, 1745-1818
  • Scott, Job1751-1793
  • Smith, George, 1804-1882
  • Webb, Benjamin, 1786-1851
  • Webb, Catherine, 1792-1872
  • Willis, Thomas, ca. 1771-1864
  • Willson, Anne
  • Wistar, Margaret, 1728?-1793
  • Wood, Samuel, 1760-1844
Processed by: POD
Date: 2001
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.


Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1. Correspondence, 1750-1891

Received by William Jackson (1705-1785)

Jackson, Mary 1775 Box 1

Jackson, Thomas 1764-70 Box 1

Sent by William Jackson (1746-1834)

Jackson, William 1824 Box 1

Received by William Jackson (1746-1834)

Alsop, John 1782 Box 1

Barney, Sarah 1783 Box 1

Brown, Moses, Mary, Sarah 1782-88 Box 1

Canby, Josiah 1833 Box 1

Chambers, Rebecca 1776-86 Box 1

Cooper, David 1781 Box 1

Cowgill, John 1784 Box 1

Crossman, David 1786 Box 1

Darby, Deborah & Young, R. 1798 Box 1

Emlen, James, Samuel 1797-98 Box 1

Fisher, Thomas 1781 Box 1

Foulke, Elizabeth 1796-98 Box 1

Garrigues, Edward 1799 Box 1

Gibson, John and Ruth 1776 Box 1

Haines, Margaret 1781-87 Box 1

Harlan, Ann 1782 Box 1

Heald, Henry 1809 Box 1

Jackson, Abraham 1802-03 Box 1

Jackson, Elizabeth 1803-04 Box 1

Jackson, Halliday 1803 Box 1

Jackson, Hannah 1805 Box 1

Jackson, Isaac 1780-81 Box 1

Jackson, James 1781-89 Box 1

Jackson, Margaret 1820 Box 1

Jackson, Mary 1775-93 Box 1

Jenkins, Mehetabel 1773-93 Box 1

Johnson, R. 1781 Box 1

Lawton, Isaac 1798-84 Box 1

Lightfoot, Thomas 1780 Box 1

Lindley, Jacob 1781 Box 1

Miller, Ann n.d. Box 1

Mott, James 1782 Box 1

Parsons, James 1781 Box 1

Parsons, Samuel 1812 Box 1

Pemberton, John 1781 Box 1

Potts, Joseph 1785 Box 1

Prior, Phebe 1787 Box 1

Pusey, Joshua 1794 Box 1

Rodman, Sarah 1782 Box 1

Rotch, William 1783-90 Box 1

Rowntree, Rachel 1815 Box 1

Sands, David 1781-82 Box 1

Scott, Job 1787-91 Box 1

Thorne, Joseph 1782 Box 1

Varney, Elizabeth 1780 Box 1

Willis, Anne & John 1781-82 Box 1

Willson, Anne 1781 Box 1

Sent by William Jackson (1789-1864)

Sister and daughters 1833-35 Box 1

Received by William Jackson (1789-1864)

Bicknell, John 1838 Box 1

Conrad, Soloman W. 1812-13 Box 1

Cunningham, John 1832-35 Box 1

Darlington, Chandler and Hannah 1833-35 Box 1

Dillingham, W.H. 1834 Box 1

Earle, Thomas 1833 Box 1

Evans, Jesse 1834 Box 1

Fenn, Theophilus 1833 Box 1

Foster, William 1832 Box 1

Fulton, James 1837 Box 1

Gray, Ezra 1840 Box 1

Jackson, Isaac, Samuel 1805-34 Box 1

Jackson, Joel 1823-34 Box 1

Jackson, Rachel, Richard, Artridge 1835-40 Box 1

James, Francis 1835 Box 1

Kersey, Jesse 1831 Box 1

Kimber, Samuel 1815-36 Box 1

Lamborn, William 1890 Box 1

Lewis, Joseph J. 1832-36 Box 1

Loines, Hannah 1834 Box 1

Luds, Noah n.d. Box 2

Lundy, Benjamin 1834-36 Box 2

Matthews, William 1783 Box 2

Meade, William 1822 Box 2

Megreaty, Enoch 1834 Box 2

Mendenhall, Jacob 1812-13 Box 2

Mifflin, Lemuel 1808-12 Box 2

Miles, J.G. 1824-27 Box 2

Monaghan, Hannah, W. 1833-36 Box 2

Moore, Isaac 1831 Box 2

Morris, Samuel 1833 Box 2

Mott, James 1832 Box 2

Otley, Jonathen P. 1813 Box 2

Parry, Lydia 1835 Box 2

Pennypacker, Elijah J. 1834-39 Box 2

Pierce, David, Joshua, Thomas 1813-24 Box 2

Potts, David Jr. 1834 Box 2

Richardson, Caleb 1809-13 Box 2

Richardson, Isaac 1831 Box 2

Scully, Thomas 1836 Box 2

Smith, George 1836 Box 2

Stebbins, Sumner 1840 Box 2

Townsend, David 1832 Box 2

Webb, Benjamin 1822-36 Box 2

Webb, Catherine (Jackson) 1858 Box 2

Willis, Thomas 1834 Box 2

Wood, John 1826 Box 2

Wood, Samuel R. 1826-33 Box 2

Worrall, Horatio G. 1835 Box 2

Received by John Jackson

Birdsall, Whitson 1795 Box 2

Fell, Jesse 1815 Box 2

Fisher, Thomas 1802 Box 2

Jackson, Halliday 1803? Box 2

Jackson, Israel 1815 Box 2

Jackson, Mary 1782-92 Box 2

Miscellaneous 1793-1804 Box 2

Moore, Isaac 1814-20 Box 2

Taylor, Jacob & Hannah 1795-98 Box 2

Thompson, Thomas 1796-1801 & n.d. Box 2

Received by Isaac Jackson

Jackson, Thomas 1750 Box 2

Received by Everard and Mary T. Conard

Alice 1853-54 Box 2

Coates, Simmons & Emeline 1851-57 Box 2

Conard, Milton E. 1868 Box 2

Jackson, Isaac 1848 Box 2

Preston, Ann 1863 Box 2

Queen, James & Abby 1874 Box 2

Sheppard, Nathan 1851-53 Box 2

Miscellaneous 1854-78 Box 2

Invitations & other memorabilia 1875-94 Box 2

Received by William & Elizabeth Gawthrop Hughes

Hunt, Sarah 1881 & n.d. Box 2

Miscellaneous 1853 & n.d. Box 2

Hughes, Elizabeth ca. 1855 Box 2

Hughes, William 1854-55 Box 2

Invitations 1823-91 Box 2

Received by Milton E. & Annie A. Conard

Sallie 1859-69 Box 2

Conard, Milton E. 1872-73 Box 2

Conard, Annie A. 1872-73 Box 2

Invitations 1859-91 Box 2

Robert Lamborn n.d. Box 2

Unidentified Recipient

Unidentified 1853-72 Box 2

Ser. 2 Journals and Commonplace Books, 1833-1872

Plant albums 1833-62 Box 3

Address book of [Amie] Anna Hughes, West Grove B.S. 1863-65 Box 3

Diaries (3) of [Amie] A. Hughes, Avondale 1870-72 Box 3

Commonplace book of Elizabeth T. Gawthrop 1835-45 Box 3

Commonplace book of William Hughes 1835 Box 3

Ser. 3 Deeds, Business and Estate Papers, 1727-1855

Estate of William Jackson Box 3

Estate of Israel Jackson Box 3

Estate of Isaiah Jackson Box 3

John Jackson purchase of Baldwin land Box 3

James Miller will 1748 Box 3

Eliz. Boyd's goods to Overseers of the Poor 1793 Box 3

Miscellaneous estate papers Box 3

Everard Conard's will Box 3

Estate of Joseph Jackson 1748 Box 3

Estate of William Jackson Box 3

Estate of Isaac Jackson Box 3

Estate of Joseph Jackson 1840 Box 3

Miscellaneous financial records 1748-1865 Box 4

Article of Agreement, Milton Conard to John M. Kelton, London Grove, Pa. 1852 Deeds C

Indenture (lease), Michall Harlan to Richard Flower, London Grove, Pa. 1727 Deeds H

Deed, George Shortledge to Joel Shortledge, New Garden, Pa. 1831 Deeds S

Deed, William Wheeler (Admr. Nicholas Garrigan, dec'd) to Everard Conard Jr., New London, Pa. 1850 Deeds W

Indenture, Samuel Cooper et. al. to John Coats, Philadelphia, Pa. 1732 Deeds C

Deed, Daniel Pennington to James W. Harrison, London Grove, Pa 1855 Deeds P

Indenture, Thomas Flower to Samuel Underwood, London Grove, Pa. 1813 Deeds F

Deed, William Jackson to Thomas Pennington, London Grove, Pa. 1798 Deeds J

Deed, Eusebins Townsend (Admr. Lydia Flower et. al.) to Lewis Sharpless, London Grove, Pa. 1850 Deeds T

Deed, Milton Conard to Everard Conard Jr., New London. Pa. 1853 Deeds C

Deed, Robert Mackey to Jesse Connard, New London, Pa. 1813 Deeds M

Indenture, Joseph Allen et. al. to William Allen, London Grove 1772 Deeds A

Deed, Thomas Conard to Milton Conard, London Grove, Pa. 1861 Deeds C

Deed, William Hughes to William Bailey, London Grove, Pa. 1841 Deeds H

Deed, Richard Flower to Jeremiah Underwood, London Grove, Pa. 1784 Deeds F

Ser. 4 Miscellaneous, 1725-1937

Marriage certificate: William Jackson to Katherine Miller, New Garden, Pennsylvania (facsimile) Marr. Cert. J

Marriage certificate: Isaac Coates to Hannah Stalker, East Caln, Pennsylvania 1773 Marr. Cert. C

Marriage certificate: William Jackson to Rebecca Taylor, West Chester, Pennsylvania 1819 Marr. Cert. J

Marriage certificate: Thomas Pennington to Rachel Jones, London Grove, Pennsylvania 1785 Marr. Cert. P

Marriage certificate: William Hughes to Elizabeth Gawthrop, New Garden, Pennsylvania 1841 Marr. Cert. H

"Relics" 1725-1910 Box 4

Silhouettes 1896 Box 4

Calling cards 1809-98 Box 4

Miscellaneous papers on schools and Quaker meetings 1827-96 Box 4

Needlework (punched cards and darning sampler of Rebecca Taylor n.d. Box 4

Miscellaneous political notices and other records 1833-40 Box 4

Miscellaneous printed materials 1816-1935 Box 4

Mss. maps and Plot Plans, including London Grove Township, Israel Jackson's plot 1798 & n.d. Box 4

Correspondence of Elizabeth H. Conard about the sale of family books and memorabilia 1900-37 Box 5

Notes and correspondence with genealogical information 1876-1905 Box 5

Manuscript poetry & prose 1828-59 & n.d. Box 5