Elmore Jackson Papers, 1927-1985

(18 boxes and 2 boxes of photographs; 10 linear ft)

RG 5/202


©Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College  
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399  

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Abstract
Writings, correspondence, and other papers of Elmore Jackson (1910-1989), a noted Quaker author and former U.S. State Department official. Jackson was particularly involved in using Quaker principles in the realm of international relations. This collection also includes the papers of his wife, Elisabeth Rose Averill Jackson (1909-).

Background note:
BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL
1910-1934, 1940, 1944 Wesley Elmore Jackson (1910-1989) was the son of John and Cora Osborn Jackson, of Marengo, Ohio. He was a birthright member of Gilead Monthly Meeting. His family transferred to Alum Creek Monthly Meeting in 1912 and then to Green Monthly Meeting, in Idaho where Elmore attended Greenleaf Academy, a Quaker school. He went to Pacific College (now George Fox College) and then on to Yale University, where he received his M.Div. in 1934 and did two years of graduate work in International Relations. In 1934 he married Elisabeth Averill, a graduate of Mt. Holyoke who had just received an M.F.A. in theater from Yale. Elisabeth Averill, born in Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1909, was the fourth of Carrie Brownell Averill and the Rev. Edward Wilson Averill's six children. The Reverend was an Episcopal minister. Further information about the Averill and Brownell families is located in Series 7, which includes photographs of Elisabeth's parents, siblings, and ancestors. Elmore and Elisabeth had two children, Karen Jackson Williams (b.1940) and Gail Elisabeth Jackson (b.1944).
1934-1948, 1948-1961 Once he had finished school, Jackson worked for the American Friends Service Committee for twelve years, serving as Assistant Secretary, Personnel Director, Commissioner in England during the post WWII relief era, and for his last two years, as Assistant Executive Secretary. In 1948, Elmore Jackson began work as Director of the Quaker Program at the United Nations, a position he held until 1961.
1952-1958 He was involved in mediation efforts in the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan (1952-3) and between Egypt and Israel in 1955. He traveled extensively in the Middle East, assessing economic and community development projects, and he lived in Beirut in 1957-1958.
1961-1965 From 1961-1965, Jackson worked for the Department of State, as Special Assistant for Policy Planning to the Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs. He continued to serve as a consultant for the Department of State for a few years, but he returned to the United Nations, this time as Vice President for Policy Studies at the United Nations Association of the USA (UNA-USA). There he developed a Policy Studies Program "focused on major issues related to effective U. S. participation in international organization affairs." A number of panels were established with the assistance of a committee headed up by former Deputy Secretary of Defense, Cyrus Vance.
1973-1977 In 1973 Jackson became a full-time consultant to the Rockefeller Foundation, where he "assisted in the development of a new international affairs program focused on the analysis and control of international conflict." Jackson retired in 1977 and went on to serve as a Special Advisor to the Aspen Institute.
1980s In 1983, he published an account of his 1955 Middle East Mission in. In 1980 the Jacksons moved to Pennswood Village in Newtown, Pennsylvania, a Quaker retirement community, and were members of Wrightstown Monthly Meeting.
Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT These papers are primarily the working files of Elmore Jackson rather than personal papers, and they encompass his entire career. His journals, in the Writings series, contain only sporadic entries. His professional career, which was devoted in large part to introducing and using Quaker techniques in the realm of International Relations, is well documented.

Arrangement
Arrangement The collection is divided into six series:


Added entries

Subjects
  • Arab-Israeli conflict -- 1948-1967
  • Arbitration, International
  • Beirut (Lebanon)
  • Egypt -- Foreign relations -- Israel
  • India -- Foreign relations -- Pakistan
  • International organization
  • Israel -- Foreign relations -- Egypt
  • Kashmir
  • Pakistan -- Foreign relations -- India
  • Quakers--Pennsylvania
  • Quakers--Social service
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • American Friends Service Committee
  • Aspen Institute
  • Averill, Carrie Brownell
  • Averill, Edward Wilson
  • International Peace Academy
  • Jackson, Elisabeth Rose Averill
  • Quaker United Nations Office
  • Quaker United Nations Program
  • Rockefeller Foundation
  • United Nations
  • United Nations Association of the United States of America
  • United Nations Institute for Training and Research
  • United States. Dept. of State
Credits
Processed by: RKO
Date: 1999
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.


Inventory

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE RECORDS
Notes
Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1. Biographical Information

Curriculum Vitae Box 1

Report on Elmore Jackson
by a George School student
1985 Box 1

Disposition of Elmore Jackson's books & papers Box 1

Address Book Box 1

Greenbelt Coop 1961-1984 Box 1

Hayden-Stone Account 1961-78 Box 1

Ser. 2. Writings of Elmore Jackson

Genealogical information in back. 2 Sept.-22 Aug 1938-1948 Box 1

Topic journals, 2 March-3 April 1968-1977 Box 1

"Connecticut Notebook, I" n.d. Box 1

Idaho n.d. (2 pp.) Box 1

Daybooks & appointment calenders, 1949-1988

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1949-55 Box 1

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1956-61 Box 1

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1967 Box 1

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1968 Box 2

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1969 Box 2

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1970 Box 2

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1971 Box 2

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1972 Box 3

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1973 Box 3

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1974 Box 3

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1975 Box 3

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1976 Box 4

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1977 Box 4

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1978 Box 4

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1979 Box 4

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1980 Box 4

Daybooks & appointment calendars 1983-88 Folder 27

Coursework: Pacific College & Yale University, 1931-1936

"The function of Religion in Social Progress,"
Senior thesis
1931 Box 4

"The Philosophy of L.T. Hobhouse and the Christian Ethic" 1932 Box 4

"Some Historical Aspects of the Contribution of Christianity to Capitalism" 1932 Box 4

"The Nature of Value" 1932 Box 4

"Usury in the Ethic of John Calvin" 1932 Box 4

"Unemployment Insurance" 1933 Box 5

Final Examination for Prof. Leyburn, Societal Evolution 1933 Box 5

"The Relationship of Economic Planning and Capitalism"
for Prof. Jerome Davis, Social Ethics Seminar
1933 Box 5

"A Dialogue on God and Modern Man" 1934 Box 5

"A Study in the Theories of Political Authority from the 1st to the 16th Centuries" 1934 Box 5

Class notes
review of Plato's Republic, and handouts concerning Political Theory
1933-35 Box 5

Book reviews, short papers and exams U. S. Foreign Policy
for Prof. Bemis
1935-36 Box 5

Bibliographies relating to Christian Ethics and "The Theology of Crisis" Box 5

Published Articles, 1954-1961

"Developing the Peaceful Settlement Functions of the United Nations"
Published in the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
1954 Box 5

"The Developing Role of the Secretary-General"
Published in International Organization
1957 Box 5

"Mediation and Conciliation in International Law"
Published in International Social Science Bulletin
1957 Box 5

"Constitutional Developments of the United Nations: The Growth of its Executive Capacity,"
Published in Proceedings of the American Society of International Law
1961 Box 5

"East-West Relations in the United Nations"
Published article, Information Papers on East-West Relations
1961 Box 5

"The future development of the United Nations: some suggestions for research"
Published in The Journal of Conflict Resolution
1961 Box 5

Articles Published in Quaker journals, 1944-1961

"Demobilization, An Opportunity for Friends"
Published in Friends Intelligencer
1944 Box 5

"American Friends and Post-War Conscription"
Published in The Friend
1945 Box 5

"The Quaker Team at the U.N. General Assembly"
Published in Friends Intelligencer
1951 Box 5

"On the Need for Reaching Deeper"
Published in Friends World News
1954 Box 5

"Challenge and Response in the Middle East - Part I"
Published in Friends Journal
1956 Box 5

"Challenge and Response in the Middle East - Part II"
Published in Friends Journal
1956 Box 5

"What Lies Ahead for the U.N.?
Published in The American Friend
1956 Box 5

"The Quaker Role in the Middle East"
Published in The American Friend
1958 Box 5

"The Discovery That We Are Not Alone"
Published in Friends World News
1959 Box 5

"Summits without Pageantry"
Published in Friends Journal
1959 Box 5

"Summit Diplomacy at the United Nations"
Published in The Friend
1960 Box 5

"The Nuclear Impasse - Part I"
Published in Friends Journal
1960 Box 5

"The Nuclear Impasse - Part II"
Published in Friends Journal
1961 Box 5

Summary of Meeting of Minds c.1955 Box 5

Meeting of Minds Correspondence 1952-55 Box 6

Proposals for Techniques of Mediation and Conciliation in International Law 1954-57 Box 6

Documents for Techniques of Mediation and Conciliation in International Law 1954 Box 6

Middle East Mission documents, 1955-187

Basic Papers on the Middle East Mission 1955-56 Box 6

Background Memos & Letters before book 1962-80 Box 6

Freedom of Information Act 1955-83 Box 6

U. N. Archives 1982-83 Box 6

Middle East Travel Papers 1981 Box 6

Residency at the Rockefeller Foundation's Study & Conference Center in Bellagio, Italy 1981-82 Box 6

Norton 1980-85 Box 6

Norton—London office
Middle East Mission
1984-85 Box 6

Summary Box 6

Manuscript Draft 1982 Box 6

Suggestions on draft, 1982. Proofs 1982 Box 7

New York Times article, November 28 1982 Box 7

responses to New York Times article 1982-83 Box 7

Newspaper articles 1982 Box 7

Publicity 1982-84 Box 7

AFSC 1982-84 Box 7

Quaker Reviews 1983-84 Box 7

General Reviews 1983-85 Box 7

Foreign Affairs 1983-84 Box 7

Unpublished op-ed piece for New York Times 1983 Box 7

Bailey, Sydney 1975-85 Box 7

Bell, Colin 1984-85 Box 77

Boutros-Ghali, Boutros 1982-83 Box 7

Egyptian correspondents 1952-84 Box 7

Elaraby, Nabil 1981-83 Box 7

Hussein, Ahmed & Aziza 1980-87 Box 7

Institute for East-West Security Studies 1983-84 Box 7

Katzin, Col. Alfred 1948 Box 7

Lebanese correspondents 1984 Box 7

Nasser, Col. Gamal Abdel 1955 Box 7

Recent letters 1982-87 Box 7

Speeches about Middle East Mission 1984 & n.d. Box 7

Followup to Middle East Mission 1985 Box 7

Notes on Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan Ca.1955 Box 7

Speeches and Outlines 1930s-85 Box 7

Reports 1958-61 Box 8

Book reviews 1960-86 Box 8

Writing - Book Outline c.1960 Box 8

Writings c.1960 Box 8

Ser. 3. Correspondence

Correspondence, 1932-1986

Misc. correspondence 1932-79 Box 8

Misc. correspondence 1950-86 Box 8

Correspondence on the move to the Department of State 1961 Box 8

Correspondence on the move to the Rockefeller Foundation 1973 Box 8

Correspondence on the Century Association 1973 Box 8

Beruit correspondence, 1957-1958

Beruit correspondence 1957-58 Box 8

Beruit correspondence 1957-58 Box 8

Beruit correspondence 1957-58 Box 8

Beruit correspondence 1957-58 Box 8

Ser. 4. Professional Files

American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) documents, 1936-1967

AFSC misc. 1936-48 Box 8

Personnel Correspondence 1952-61 Box 9

India-Pakistan Advisory Group 1965-67 Box 9

Snyder, Harold 1953-59 Box 9

Israel - Arab - Refugees 1955 Box 9

Israel - Arab - American Jewish Committee 1956 Box 9

Middle East 1952-60 Box 9

Record of a Conference on Mediation 1954 Box 9

Council on Foreign Relations 1960 Box 9

Quaker United Nations Program (QUNP), 1949-1986

Misc. documents, 1949-1986

Misc. documents 1949-52 Box 9

Misc. documents 1953-55 Box 9

Misc. documents 1956-57 Box 9

Misc. documents 1958 Box 9

Misc. documents 1960-61 Box 9

Misc. documents 1978-79 Box 9

Misc. documents 1984-86 Box 9

Quaker House Journal, 1949-1951

Quaker House Journal 1949 Box 9

Quaker House Journal 1950 Box 10

Quaker House Journal 1951 Box 10

Quakers and United States-Soviet Relations 1948-64 Box 10

India & Pakistan dispute 1950-52 Box 10

Documents on Kashmir, 1950-1958

Kashmir correspondence 1951-54 Box 11

Kashmir-Jackson file 1952 Box 11

Kashmir, March-May 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-Meetings of Military Advisors, June 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-Jackson Private Papers, October 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-1st Report through Owen Dixon's report c. 1950 Box 11

Kashmir-5th Report 1953 Box 11

Kashmir-Draft papers, etc. 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-Working Papers on 12 Proposals 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-Alternative Solutions 1953 Box 11

Summary records, N.Y. from May 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-Geneva Negotiations, August-Sept. 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-Geneva Negotiations, working papers 1952 Box 11

Kashmir-UNCIP Resolutions-Assurances Box 11

Kashmir-Negotiations, Jan.-Feb. 1953 Box 11

Kashmir-Horace Alexander 1955-56 Box 11

Kashmir-Frank P. Graham n.d. Box 11

Kashmir-Misc. documents 1955-57 Box 11

Kashmir-Misc. documents 1958 Box 11

Kashmir-Negotiations 1958 Box 11

Kashmir-Canal Waters Dispute 1951-54 Box 11

Kashmir-Biographies: India & Pakistan n.d. Box 11

U. N. - Peaceful Settlement 1953-54 Box 11

U. N. - Strengthening 1961 Box 11

U.S. Department of State Appointment 1961-77 Box 11

U.S. Department of State Mekong Program 1964-65 Box 11

United Nations Association of the United States of America (UNA-USA) documents, 1966-1979

Personnel 1966-73 Box 11

Personnel correspondence 1965-73 Box 11

Joint United Nations/UNA-USA task force on communications 1973-74 Box 11

Policy Studies Committee, 1966-1979

Policy Studies Committee 1966-73 Box 11

Policy Studies Committee 1974-76 Box 11

Policy Studies Committee 1977-79 Box 12

World Population Panel report 1969 Box 12

Joint Panels with the Soviet Union, 1968-1975

Reports 1968-72 Box 12

Environment meeting 1971 Box 12

Legal aspects of environmental protection 1973 Box 12

Collective security meeting 1973 Box 12

Proceedings of the 2nd Joint Meeting 1974 Box 12

Proceedings of the 3rd Joint Meeting 1974 Box 12

International security meeting 1975 Box 12

Meeting with the Souviet UNA, 1976-1977

Meeting with the Soviet UNA, May 1976 Box 12

Meeting with the Soviet UNA, Nov. 1976 Box 12

Meeting with the Soviet UNA 1977 Box 12

Japanese Panel 1972-74 Box 13

Japanese Panel - Papers 1973 Box 13

Columbia University Seminar on the Problem of Peace 1970 Box 13

Request for Rockefeller Foundation support 1972 Box 13

Rockefeller Foundation documents, 1972-1987

Documents 1973-79 Box 13

Prior to July 1 appointment 1972-73 Box 13

Appointment 1973-77 Box 13

Correspondence 1977-87 Box 13

Bellagio Conference 1975 Box 13

Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies documents, 1976-1985

Appointment 1976-82 Box 13

Rosters and schedules 1978-85 Box 13

Aspen Account 1978-79 Box 13

Correspondence 1976-85 Box 13

Aspen Institute Berlin 3/1976 Box 14

Aspen/United Nations 1978 Box 14

Aspen/United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) 1980 Box 14

Institute relations with less developed countries 1978-79 Box 14

CO2 problem 1979 Box 14

Middle East Program 1979 Box 14

Request for International Development Research Centre (IDRC) support 1978 Box 14

Governance workshop 1977 Box 14

Assessment and Alert of Major Hazards workshop 1978 Box 14

Limits to Government workshop 1979 Box 14

International Governance program 1980 Box 14

Energy Committee 1979-80 Box 14

Developing country participation 1978 Box 14

International Foundation for Development Alternatives (IFDA) 1978-80 Box 14

IFDA Memos 1975-79 Box 14

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), 1976-1985

Appointment 1976-80 Box 14

Testimony to Congress subcommittee 1978 Box 14

Search Committee for Director of Research 1979-80 Box 14

U.S. Committee for Unitar, 1978-1985

U.S. Committee for UNITAR 1978-80 Box 14

U.S. Committee for UNITAR 1981-82 Box 14

U.S. Committee for UNITAR 1983-85 Box 14

U.S. Contribution 1980 Box 14

Seminar on the Presidency of the Security Council 1977 Box 14

Ser. 5. Subject Files, 1965-1986, n.d.

Academy for Educational Development (Bellagio Conference) Box 15

AFSC Box 15

American Political Science Association Box 15

Bailey, Sydney Box 15

Bloomfield, Linc Box 15

Bozeman, Adda Box 15

Brandt Commission Box 15

Bureau of International Organization Affairs 1965 Box 15

Carodon, Lord Box 15

China Box 15

Commodities Box 15

Environment - UNEP - Tolba Box 15

Environment - G. White Box 15

Environment 1978 Box 15

Friends Meeting, Ministry and Worship Box 15

Gardner, John W. Box 15

Gaza Strip
E.J. was the AFSC representitive in the Middle East in 1958
1958 Box 15

Global Interdependence Center (GIC) Board Box 15

Global Monitoring - GEMS Box 15

Graham, Frank Box 15

Haverford College Box 15

Hesburgh, Father Ted Box 15

Hyde, James Box 15

International Cooperation Year (ICY) Peaceful Settlement Box 15

International Money Matters Box 15

Internation Peace Academy (IPA) papers, 1979-1980 & n.d.

Background Papers Box 15

Vienna Seminars Box 15

Third Party Roles Box 15

Misc. documents Box 16

Seminar on Multilateral Negotiations and Third Party Roles 1980 Box 16

Mediation 1979-1980 Box 16

Jessup, Philip Box 16

Jessups - Obit. Box 16

Jordan, William Box 16

Kashmir - General Box 16

Kashmir - Geography, Population, etc. Box 16

Kennedy Speeches Box 16

Kennedy Funeral Box 16

Kennedy Campaign, Jackson Memos 1960 Box 16

Kern, Montague Box 16

Khrushchev US Trip Box 16

Lancaster, William W. Box 16

Law of the Sea Box 16

Lerner, Max Box 16

Marshall, James Box 16

Muskie Box 16

Outer Limits Box 16

Peaceful Settlement Box 16

Pennswood Box 17

Rafael, Gideon to 1981 Box 17

Rafael, Gideon 1981-1984 Box 17

Rostow, Walt Box 17

Saab, Hasson Box 17

SALT I Box 17

Schelling, Tom Box 17

1976-1978 Box 17

Speech Therapy 1986 Box 17

Steere, Douglas V. Box 17

Stevenson, Adlai Box 17

Straus, Donald B. Box 17

Thompson, Kenneth Box 17

UN Peacekeeping Box 17

UN University Box 17

U. S., USSR & Quakers Box 17

U. N. Membership Box 17

Urquhart, Brian Box 17

Vance, Cy Box 17

Vietnam Box 17

Washington - Correspondence Box 17

Willrich, Mason Box 17

Ser. 6. Elisabeth Rose Averill Jackson Papers

Coursework at Mt. Holyoke Collegr, Yale University & others, 1927-1968

Creative Writing at Mt. Holyoke, 1927-28 1927-1928 Box 18

Scene Design
For her MFA from Yale University
1933-1934 Box 18

Costume Design
For her MFA from Yale University
1934 Box 18

School Reports 1927-1968 Box 18

Misc. correspondence 1929-81 Box 18

Averill Estate papers Box 18

Articles for Pennswood View 1983-84 Box 18

Theater-related Ephemera 1929-1934 Box 18

Vacation-related Ephemera n.d. Box 18

Edward Wilson Averill to mother Rosetta Badget Averill
Travel letters
1896-1903 Box 18

Edward Wilson Averill to mother Rosetta Badget Averill
Typescript of travel letters
1896-1903 Box 18

Edward Wilson Averill composition "Vacation Days" 1945 Box 18

Carrie Brownell Averill, "Self-Portrait at Forty" 1945 Box 18