BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL
Isaac Hicks was born in 1767, the son of Samuel and Phebe (Seaman) Hicks in a Quaker farming community on Long Island, New
York. A birthright member of Westbury Monthly Meeting, he was part of a prominent and extended Quaker family that included
distant cousins primitie artist Edward Hicks (1780-1849) and Quaker minister Elias Hicks (1748-1830). In 1789 he went to New
York City to start a career in business, and in 1790 he married Sarah Doughty. They had six children: John D., b 1791;, Robert,
b. 1793; Benjamin, b. 1798; Isaac, b. 1802; Elizabeth, b. 1805; and Mary, b. 1807. In 1796, Isaac Hicks established a shipping
and commission business. Benefiting from his extended Quaker connections in America and England, he soon became a wealthy
ship owner. In 1806, he retired from business, returning to Westbury, Long Island, and became increasingly involved in Quaker
In 1804, his brother Valentine (1782-1850) married Abigail Hicks, the daughter of Elias Hicks, uniting even more closely a
family already tied by kinship and Quaker belief. Elias and Isaac Hicks were both descended from Jacob and Hannah (Carpenter)
Hicks, and Edward Hicks, the artist, was descended from Jacob's brothers, Isaac and Thomas. Isaac supported Edward Hicks financially
as well as accompanied Elias Hicks on a number of his ministerial travels, including the visits to Philadelphia Yearly Meeting
in 1813 and Rhode Island Yearly Meeting in 1816. Isaac Hicks died in 1820.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The collection contains primarily the correspondence of Isaac Hicks, including letters from Isaac Hicks to his wife describing
religious journeys taken with Elias Hicks; some letters concerning the Separation of 1827-28; and business letters. Correspondents
include: John Comly (letters about Edward Hicks, the primitive painter), Elias Hicks, John Murray, Jr., Thomas Rotch, William
Rotch, Thomas Sturge. The letters provide insight into Quaker family life on Long Island and the life of a Quaker minister.
Also of interest is a letter concerning the disownments of Isaac T. Hopper, James Gibbons, and Charles Marriott, as well as
an anecdote conveying the Quaker attitude towards music in the late 19th century.
The collection is divided into three series:
Ministers -- Quaker
Quakers -- New York-- Westbury
Quakers --Social Life and customs
Society of Friends -- Doctrines.
Society of Friends -- New York (State) -- Nassau County.
Society of Friends --Ministers
Additional Authors and Contributors
Comly, John, 1773-1850.
Fisher, Miers, 1748-1819
Fisher, Samuel Rowland, 1745-1834
Gibbons, James Sloan.
Hicks, Edward, 1780-1849.
Hicks, Elias, 1748-1830.
Hicks, Isaac, 1767-1820
Hopper, Isaac T. (Isaac Tatem), 1771-1852.
Marriott, Charles, 1811-1858.
Rotch, Thomas, 1767-1823.
Rotch, William, 1734-1828
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