John Jackson Papers, 1827-1849

(1 box; 0.5 linear feet)

RG 5/171


©Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399  

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Abstract
John Jackson (1809-1855), son of Halliday and Jane Jackson of Darby, Pennsylvania, married Rachel Tyson (1807?-1883), daughter of Isaac Tyson of Baltimore, Maryland, in 1832. Together they established the Sharon Female Academy in Delaware County, Pa. John Jackson was a Quaker minister and served on the Joint Committee on Indian Affairs. Collection contains correspondence and other papers, 1827-1849. Series I is made up primarily of correspondence and drafts of correspondence between Griffith M. Cooper and Joseph Warner, 1835-1838 and 1843- 1846, circulated among members of the Joint Committee on Indian Affairs. Series II includes personal letters, 1827-1838, from Rachel Tyson to friends and family.

Background note:
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL
1809-1835 John Jackson (1809-1855), a prominent Hicksite Quaker, was the son of Halliday and Jane Hough Jackson of Darby, Pennsylvania. Halliday Jackson (1771-1835) was a teacher to the Seneca Indians, under the care of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, 1798-1800. John Jackson was born in Darby, Pa. on September 25th, 1809. He married Rachel Thomas Tyson at the Lombard Street meeting house in Baltimore on October 14th, 1835. She was the daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth T. Tyson and the granddaughter of abolitionist Elisha Tyson. Together, John and Rachel Jackson founded the Sharon Female Boarding School at their residence in Darby.
1844-1855, 1883 John Jackson was also an astronomer and scholar, as well as a Quaker minister and active in Quaker concerns. He served on the Joint Committee on Indian Concerns and acted as a clark for the Committee beginning about 1844. John Jackson died 4 mo, 14, 1855. Rachel Jackson died September 7th, 1883, at her home in Germantown, a member of the Philadelphia Monthly Meeting.
Quakers were involved with the Canadaigua Treaty of 1794 with the Seneca Nation and maintained a school on the reservation from 1798 which taught basic skills and farming. In 1837 Griffith M. Cooper raised the concern at the Genesee Monthly Meeting that school needed additional financial report. Accordingly, a Committee of Indian Concerns appointed by the four Yearly Meetings of Baltimore, Genesee, New York and Philadelphia was formed. Hicksite Quakers were united in their desire to help negotiate a fair treaty for the Seneca. They were instrumental in securing a written constitution for the Seneca Nation and the Treaty of 1842 which gave the Seneca title to the reservations at Cattaraugus and Allegheny. By 1849, the active participation of the Hicksite Friends in the Seneca Reservations ended

Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT Collection contains correspondence and other papers, 1827-1849. Series 1 is made up primarily of correspondence and drafts of correspondence between Griffith M. Cooper and Joseph Warner, 1835-1838 and 1843- 1846, circulated among members of the Joint Committee on Indian Affairs. Series 2 includes personal letters, 1827-1838, from Rachel Tyson to friends and family.

The correspondence in Series 1 relates to materials circulated between members of the Joint Committee on Indian Concerns of the Four Yearly meeting of Baltimore, Genesee, New York, and Philadelphia. Topics concern the Indian School, the controversial Treaties of 1838 and 1842, and the Seneca Nation Constitution adopted in 1845. Principle correspondents are: Joseph Warner and John Jackson, Philadelphia; Griffith M. Cooper, Genesee; Philip E. Thomas, Baltimore. Other correspondents include Adin J. Covy, Benjamin Ferris, Elisha Freeman.

The personal correspondence of Series 2 includes a letter of recommendation for a prospective teacher at the Sharon Female Boarding School, as well as letters and drafts of correspondence between Rachel Jackson and family and friends before and after her marriage to John Jackson.

Arrangement
Arrangement The collection is divided into two series:


Added entries

Subjects
  • Indian Committee (1837-1850) -- Archives.
  • Indians of North America -- New York (State)
  • Joint Committee on Indian Affairs of the four Yearly Meetings of Baltimore, Genesee, New York, and Philadelphia (Society of Friends: Hicksite) -- Archives.
  • Quakers -- New York.
  • Quakers -- Pennsylvania -- History -- Sources.
  • Quakers -- Social life and customs.
  • Seneca Indians.
  • Society of Friends -- Indians.
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Cooper, Griffith M., 1790?-1864.
  • Jackson, Rachel, 1807?-1883.
  • Joint Committee on Indian Affairs of the four Yearly Meetings of Baltimore, Genesee, New York, and Philadelphia (Society of Friends: Hicksite)
  • Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite: 1827-1955).
  • Sharon Female Academy.
  • Warner, Joseph, d. 1859.
Credits
Processed by: SKM
Date: 1996
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.


Inventory

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE RECORDS
Notes
Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1. Material relating to the Joint Committee on Affairs of Baltimore, Genesee, New York, and Philadelphia Yearly Meetings, 1835-1848:

Correspondence
The material in this folder was bound together with a paper labeled "Miscellaneous papers 1844". Most of the material are letters, primarily 1837-1838, between Griffith M. Cooper, Genesee YM and Joseph Warner, Philadelphia YM, concerning the need for financial support from the Four Yearly Meetings for the Indian School in Cataraugus, New York and controversy within the Seneca Nation regarding new treaties. Bound together with this material is corres. dated 1846 betweem U.S. War Dept. Office of Indian Affairs, and the Joint Com., signed by J. Jackson, clerk.
1835-1846 Box 1

Correspondence and papers
Includes ALS from P.E. Thomas, Baltimore to Richard Price, Philadelphia, re: controversy of the strong abolitionist stance of some Quakers; Manuscript drafts for "Proposed plan of operation for the Education and further improvement of the Indians;" Manuscript minutes of the gen. meeting of the Delegates of the Four YM held in NYC, and the report from agent G. M. Cooper submitted to the Committee, including financial report.
1841-1843 Box 1

Correspondence and papers
Includes manuscript draft of memorandum of relating to a meeting with the Seneca; manuscript lists of scholars at the Indian School and curriculum; manuscript report of visit to Quaker school; manuscript papers concerning decline of the school and proposed end to involvement from the Four Yearly Meetings.
1844-1848 Box 1

Ser. 2. Jackson Family Personal Correspondence, 1827-1838

Correspondence
Includes 35 letters, some undated and only fragments, primarily between Rachel Tyson Jackson and family and friends, both before and after her marriage. Topics include the illness of her father and a recommendation for a potential applicant to teach at the Sharon Female School in a letter from L. Seaman. The letters are arranged chronologically with the undated letters in the front of the file.
1827-1838 & n.d. Box 1