Joseph Wharton Family Papers, 1691-1955

(71 boxes)

RG 5/162


©Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 
500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081-1399  

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Abstract
Joseph Wharton (1826-1909) was a prominent Philadelphia Quaker merchant, industrialist, scientist, and philanthropist who was active in 19th century Delaware Valley manufacturing, business, and education development. The papers cover in depth his business activities as well as his career as Manager of Swarthmore College for over 35 years and as founder of the Wharton School of Finance and Commerce at the University of Pennsylvania. The collection includes business correspondence, 1855-1908, of the Joseph Wharton Gap Establishment, the Lehigh Zinc Company, Bethlehem Iron company, the Hibernia Mine Railroad Company, as well as more than fifty articles prepared by Wharton dealing with the mineral ore industry including iron, zinc, and nickel, tariff questions, political issues on a national and regional level, and Wharton's special concerns in education. Joseph Wharton (1826-1909) was descended from two of the oldest families in Pennsylvania. His father, William Wharton, was in the direct line of Thomas Wharton of Westmoreland, England, who came to America in 1683. The first American ancestor of his mother, Deborah Fisher Wharton, was John Fisher, who emigrated from Lancastershire about the same time, and whose son, Thomas, settled in Sussex County, Delaware. The collection contains legal and financial papers for the family from 1778 to 1909, plus memorabilia and reference materials maintained by the family throughout the entire period. Among the most significant family items are the original diary of Samuel Rowland Fisher, one of the exiles in Virginia. Also included are correspondence of the Wharton, Corbit, and Lovering families.

Background note:
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL Joseph Wharton (1826-1909) was descended from two of the oldest families in Pennsylvania. His father, William Wharton, was in the direct line of Thomas Wharton of Westmoreland, England, who came to America in 1683. The first American ancestor of his mother, Deborah Fisher Wharton, was John Fisher, who emigrated from Lancastershire about the same time, and whose son, Thomas, settled in Sussex County, Delaware.

Joseph was born in Philadelphia, educated in Friends' schools and in the private school of Frederick A. Eustis until the age of fifteen when he was sent to live for three years with the Joseph S. Walton family on their farm in Chester County in order to build up his health. While there he studied French and German on his own at night. At the age of nineteen he apprenticed himself to the dry goods firm of Waln and Leaming, working himself up to head bookkeeper by age 21. In 1847 he started to work with his brother, Rodman Wharton, and a man named Davis in their white lead business, where he stayed for three years. The following two years he spent taking care of his father's business affairs until joining with Joseph B. Matlock in manufacturing bricks. After selling the brick business to Matlock, he was hired by Gilbert and Wetherill of South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, to manage their zinc mine and white paint business. The company failed in 1853, and Wharton leased its mines and worked them successfully for several years.

Soon after his marriage to Anna Corbit Lovering in 1854, Joseph Wharton began to experiment with the manufacture of metallic zinc, or spelter, importing workmen from Belgium and eventually establishing sixteen furnaces, the first successful spelter works in the nation. Next he bought a nickel mine in Lancaster County, Pa., and built a factory in Camden, New Jersey, where he made the first malleable nickel in the world. For a number of years he produced one-sixth of the entire world output. As his fortune grew, he began to invest in the Bethlehem Iron Works, eventually controlling the company.

In 1885, when the American Navy was being modernized from wooden to armorplated ships, Wharton bid successfully for the contract to manufacture the armor plates. The company name was changed to the Bethlehem Steel Company and became the largest manufacturer of armor plate in the world. In 1901 Mr. Wharton sold control of the company to a syndicate headed by Charles M. Schwaab, but even after he had disposed of his interests, he continued to be the largest operator of iron and steel in the country. He built large furnaces at Wharton, New Jersey, and worked 5,000 acres of ore land and 30,000 acres of coal lands in Pennsylvania and West Virginia.

Wharton was not only a financier, but also a scientist and philanthropist, and was probably the best metallurgist in the United States during his lifetime. He wrote extensively on metallurgy and economic matters, including protective tariffs. He was a member of the American Philosophical Society and frequently read papers on science before the Society. He and his wife, Deborah Wharton, were lifelong Hicksite Quakers, and both were founders of Swarthmore College. Joseph served on the Board of Managers of Swarthmore College from 1870 until his death in 1909, and was President of the Board from 1883 to 1907; Deborah served on the Board of Managers from 1862-1870. Joseph Wharton donated to the College the Swarthmore meeting house and Wharton Hall, a student dormitory, and endowed a Chair of History and Political Economy. In a period when business education consisted primarily of on-the-job training or apprenticeship, Joseph Wharton founded the Wharton School of Commerce and Finance at the University of Pennsylvania in 1881. He was also the President of the American Iron and Steel Association.

Besides iron mining and manufacturing, other interests include coal and coke mining, glass making, copper and gold mining, menhaden fisheries, cultivation of cranberries, railroads and banking, among others. He enjoyed writing poetry on any occasion and was very knowledgeable about precious gems. He acquired about 150 square miles of land in southern New Jersey, now known as the Wharton State Forest, in hopes of providing a pure water supply for Philadelphia.

Wharton was active almost to the end of his life and went to Germany to meet the Kaiser when he was 71. He traveled by canoe down the Colorado Ricer to visit his silver mine in Nevada in 1905 when he was nearly 80. He died in Philadelphia, aged 82, in 1909, survived by his widow and three daughters, Joanna W. Lippincott, Mary L. Wharton and Anna W. Morris.

Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT These papers appear to have been preserved and collected by succeeding generations of both the Wharton and Fisher families. The bulk of the collection is correspondence, but various other documents are included, such as deeds, business, financial, and legal papers, diaries and journals, business letterbooks and ledgers, poems, printed articles, books, and pamphlets concerning Joseph Wharton and his business interests, speeches and lecture notes, clippings, various estate papers, memorabilia and reference material.

The collection contains legal and financial papers for the family from 1778 to 1909, plus memorabilia and reference materials maintained by the family throughout the entire period. Among the most significant family items are the original diary of Samuel Rowland Fisher in 1777 while one of the exiles in Virginia. Also included are correspondence of the Wharton, Corbit, and Lovering families.

Arrangement
Arrangement

Added entries

Subjects
  • Endowments--Quakers
  • Fisher family
  • Industrialists -- United States
  • Industries -- United States -- History.
  • Industry and education
  • Iron Industry And Trade
  • Lovering family
  • Mineral industries
  • Quakers -- Business
  • Quakers -- Diaries
  • Quakers -- Pennsylvania-- Philadelphia
  • Quakers -- Social life and customs
  • Quakers -- Social service
  • Quakers -- United States -- Biography.
  • Social Service -- Pennsylvania
  • Social Service --Quakers
  • Wharton family
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Fisher, Hannah Rodman, 1764-1819
  • Fisher, Jabez Maud, 1750-1779
  • Fisher, Samuel Rowland, 1745-1834
  • Smith, Rebecca Smith, 1795-1846
  • Swarthmore College
  • Wharton School
  • Wharton, Anna Lovering, 1830-1914
  • Wharton, Deborah Fisher, 1795-1888
  • Wharton, Joseph, 1826-1909.
  • Wharton, William, 1790-1856
Credits
Processed by: FHL staff
Date: 1971
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.


Inventory

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE RECORDS
Notes
Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1-A. Family Papers, Wharton Branch, 1691-1898, n.d.

Genealogical charts

Joseph Wharton (1707-1776) papers, 1691-1776
Joseph Wharton (1707-1776) was the great-grandfather of Joseph Wharton.
Box 1

MS deed, William Swanson to James Thomas 1691 Box 1

MS indenture, signed by Edward Shippen 1723 Box 1

Andrew Hamilton/Wiccako papers: group of MS documents concerning "Wiccaco" land tract Box 1

MS deeds, concerning Brockden land 1730 and 1739 Box 1

MS deeds concerning Wharton Estate Box 1

MS mortgage, between John Scoggin and his wife, and Wharton 1745 Box 1

MS plans of Philadelphia 1750-1770 Box 1

MS deed concerning Wiccaco, signed by Anthony Duche 1747 Box 1

MS document concerning dedication of Wharton market 1763 Box 1

MS document concerning Wharton and Wiccaco land 1764 Box 1

Business papers and plan pertaining to business interests of Wharton mostly undated Box 1

MS deed, signed by Jacob Duche 1773 Box 1

MS survey order concerning Moyamensing signed by Richard Penn and Wharton 5/24/1773 Box 1

36 MS plans of land concerning Wharton Estate Box 1

7 page inventory of deeds and papers of Joseph Wharton 1776 Box 1

Charles Wharton (1743-1838) papers, 1778-1860
Charles Wharton was the son of Joseph Wharton (above), and the grandfather of Joseph Wharton.
Box 2-3

Extract of letter Edward Bancroft to A. Lee and Committee of Correspondence 8/7/1778 (copy) Box 2

9 bills of lading 1778-1779 Box 2

MS indenture, concerning bankruptcy of Charles Eddy 1788 Box 2

2 folio MS records of insurance account with I. Wharton: Box 2

to 2/4/1785 1785

to 7/1/1786 Box 2

2 MS deeds, one signed by Nicholas Palm 1793 and 1797 Box 2

Packet of MS business papers
Includes deeds to land in Southwark, Cumberland County, Luzerne County and Westmoreland County in Pa., and Tioga and Otsego Counties in New York (ca. 1820-1825), approx. 100 vouchers (ca. 1830-1840), and Wharton agency account.
ca. 1820-1840 Box 2

Bound MS book listing Wharton family property Box 2

MS list of estate of Samuel Wharton (1732-1800) Box 2

MS estimate of Charles Wharton's property, by himself 1818 Box 2

Estate of Charles Wharton, Joseph Wharton, Executor, 1856-1860 Box 2

Hannah Redwood Wharton (1759-1796) letter to unknown receipient
Hannah was the wife of Charles, and grandmother of Joseph Wharton.
6/8/1781 (before her marriage)

Rebecca Wharton Smith (1795-1846) MS diary account of visit from Philadelphia to Springs, Pa.
Rebecca Wharton Smith was the first cousin of William Wharton, and the daughter of Isaac and Margaret Wharton.
1818 Box 3

William Wharton (1790-1856) papers, 1790-1862
Willaim Wharton was the son of Charles and Hannah, and the father of Joseph.

Lettersto William Redwood 1811 (4 MS letters) Box 3

Letters to Deborah F. Wharton (18 letters) Box 3

Letters to Joseph Wharton 1842-1855 (10 letters) Box 3

Letter to William and Rodham Wharton to Joseph Wharton 4/19/1844 (1 letter) Box 3

Documents concerning the Hicksite Separation ca. 1827-1829 (18 MS documents) Box 3

Documentsconcerning the Separation 1827-1829 (26 MS documents) Box 3

MS account by William Wharton to Deborah F. Wharton, concerning the last illness and burial of Elias Hicks 1830 Box 3

MS document about Separation in New York Yearly Mtg. 3/23/1831 Box 3

Receipts 1847-1851 Box 3

Miscellaneous documents Box 3

Guardianship papers Box 3

Miscellaneous papers
Includes deed, regarding William Wharton's guardianship of Samuel W. Shaw and Sarah Shaw, children of Samuel B. Shaw and his wife, Martha Wharton Shaw.
1850 Box 3

Legal and financial papers

Division of estate of his grandfather, Joseph Wharton 1790 Box 4

Will and estate papers Box 4

Letters concerning deeds Box 4

MS notebook concerning lands surveyed for Estates of J. Wharton, Thomas Wharton and W.W. Fisher in Va. and W. Va. ca. 1809 Box 4

Letterbooks and ledgers 1828-1846 Box 4

Ledger 1846 (1815-1853) Box 5

Petty Cash books 1849-1854 Box 4

Cash accounts and ledgers of Joseph Wharton
Joseph Wharton was acting as executor for William Wharton, deceased
1856-1862 Box 6

Maps, William Wharton and Charles Wharton (linen backed) Box 7

Deborah Fisher Wharton (1795-1888) papers, 1842-1898
Deborah Fisher Wharton was the wife of William Wharton and the mother of Joseph Wharton.

Letter to her brother, Thomas Fisher (1801-1856) n.d. (1 letter) Box 8

Letters to Joseph Wharton: Box 8

Letters to Joseph Wharton 1842 (14 letters)

1843 (26 letters)

Letters to Joseph Wharton 1844 (10 letters)

Letters to Joseph Wharton 1847-1859 (25 letters)

Letters to Joseph Wharton 1860-1868, 1870-1879, 1880-1887, and undated

Letter to C.W. Wharton 1848 (1 letter) Box 8

Letters to Anna Wharton 1861-1877 (5 letters) Box 8

Correspondence from Hannah Wharton Haydock 1880 Box 8

2 business letters 1882, 1883 Box 8

Documents (Memorials) Box 8

MS draft "Memoir of William Wharton," incomplete Box 8

Obituary of Joseph Wharton, obituary of William Wharton 6/27/1803; 1/16/1856 Box 8

2 biographical accounts of her life, by her son Joseph ca. 1898 Box 8

Notebook of "Medicinal Receipts, Notebook of Estate Memoranda, copybook"
Gift of Sarah A. G. Smith
1894 Box 8

Series 1-B Family Papers, Fisher Branch, 1756-1895

Joshua Fisher (1707-1783) papers, 1756-1783
Joshua Fisher was the grandfather of Deborah Fisher Wharton.

MS documents concerning accusations against him for importing gunpowder 1756 Box 9

1910 copy of will of Joshua Fisher dated 3/17/1783 Box 9

Esther Fisher Lewis (1734-1795), documents concerning the estate of her and her husband
Esther Fisher Lewis was the daughter of Joshua Fisher and the sister of Joshua Fisher.
n.d. (4 MS) Box 9

Lydia Fisher Gilpin (1736-1807) letter to Samuel R. Fisher (brother)
Lydia Fisher Gilpin was the daughter of Joshua Fisher and the sister of Esther.
1782 (1 letter) Box 9

Thomas Fisher (1741-1810) MS poems
Thomas Fisher was the son of Joshua Fisher and was married to Sarah Logan.
Box 9

Jabez Maud Fisher (1750-1779) papers, 1773-1779
Jabez Maud Fisher was the son of Joshua Fisher. He died in Yorkshire, England, unmarried.

Letters to fiancé, Hannah Redwood (Wharton)
Hannah Redwood later became the third wife of Charles Wharton in 1784.
1775-1778 (9 letters) Box 9

Journals, 1773-1776 (19 vols.)

Trips to Canada 6/18/1773-1/3/1774 (4 vols.)

Trips to England
For transcripts of 1773 journal, see RG 5/106, Series 1.
6/30/1776-8/20/1776 (15 vols.)

Small ledger
See box for full ist of MS volumes.
1779 Box 9

Miers Fisher (1748-1819) checkbook
Miers Fisher was the son of Joshua Fisher. He married Sarah Redwood.
1817-1819 Box 9

Samuel Rowland Fisher (1745-1834) papers, 1774-1832
Samuel Rowland Fisher was the son of Joshua Fisher, the father of Deborah Fisher Wharton, and the grandfather of Joseph Wharton.

Pages from family Bible, concerning births, deaths, marriages Box 10

Letters 1799, 1829, 1830 (3 letters) Box 10

Account book and Memoranda 1774-1777 Box 10

MS documents concerning his imprisonment 1799-1781 Box 10

Diary as a "Virginia Exile"
Photocopy in box 10.
1777 Box 10a

Diaryas a "Virginia Exile" 1777 Box 10

Diary 1779-1781 (MS and typescript in binder) Box 10

MS copy concerning D. Dawson 1799 Box 10

Letters and receipts from Phillip Phelps concerning real estate taxes 1829-1832 Box 10

MS Ledger 7/11/1811-9/28/1821 Box 10b

Hannah Rodman Fisher (1764-1819) MS in diary form re: Elias Hicks
Hannah Rodman Fisher was the wife of Samuel R. Fisher and the grandmother of Joseph Wharton.
Box 10

General Fisher family documents, 1801-1895

Miscellaneous invoices Box 10

2 MS letters, Elias Hicks to Samuel R. Fisher 1801, 1818 Box 10

12 MS letters, Elias Hicks to William Wharton 1825-1829 Box 10

Article of Jesus of Nazareth by E.H. (possibly Elias Hicks) Box 10

Discipline of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting 1895 (typed copy) Box 10

Drawing of Cherry Street Meeting House area, Philadelphia n.d. Box 10

Manuscript and printed articles about Lucretia Mott Box 10

Ser. 2. Joseph Wharton, Biographical papers, 1849, n.d.

Disownment by Southern District M.M., Orthodox 2/21/1849 Box 11

MS concerning Joseph Wharton Box 11

Printed articles and pamphlets concerning Joseph Wharton and his business affairs Box 11-12

Newspapers, clippings, pamphlets, and books Box 12

Ser. 3-A. Anna L. Wharton Papers: Lovering Branch, 1783-1879

Joseph Shallcross (1731-) MS copy of correspondence with George Washington
Joseph Shallcross was the great-grandfather of Anna L. Wharton.
1783 Box 13

Mary Shallcross Lovering (1766-1849) papers, 1829-1848
Mary Shallcross Lovering was the grandmother of Anna L. Wharton.

Letters to Joseph S. Lovering 1829, 1841 (2 letters) Box 13

Letters to Ann Corbit Lovering 1839-1843 (2 letters) Box 13

Letters to Anna L. Wharton 1841-1848 (5 letters) Box 13

Sarah Lovering (1792-1871) papers, 1825-1848
Sarah Lovering was the daughter of Mary Shallcross Lovering and the sister of Joseph S. Lovering.

Letter to Joseph S. Lovering (1 letter) Box 13

Letters to Ann C. Lovering 1825-1845 (3 letters) Box 13

Letters to Anna L. Wharton 1841-1848 (4 letters) Box 13

Joseph Samuel Lovering (1796-1881) papers, 1796-1879
Joseph Samuel Lovering was the son of Capt. Samuel and Mary Shallcross Lovering, husband of Ann Corbit Lovering, and father of Anna Corbit Lovering Wharton.

Letters to Mary S. Lovering 1828-1840 (6 letters) Box 13

Letters to Ann C. Lovering, 1829-1952 (34 letters) Box 13

Poems to Ann C. Lovering, 1840-1874 (18 MS) Box 13

MS letters and poems to Anna Lovering Wharton, 1837-1849, 1850-1859, 1860-1861, 1862-1868, 1870-1879, and n.d. Box 13

5 family Valentines to Anna L. Wharton Box 13

10 poems 1796-1781 and n.d. (10 MS) Box 13

Letters to Joseph Wharton 1849-1877 (12 letters) Box 13

Letter to Joanna W. Lippincott 1875 (1 letter) Box 13

Letters to his sister, Sarah Lovering 1844, 1845, 1949 (3 letters) Box 13

Letter to Isaac Davis, brother-in-law of Ann Corbit Lovering 1837 (1 letter) Box 13

3 miscellaneous documents
Includes notes to and from Miss Hollingsworth, governess to Anna Lovering Wharton.
Box 13

Lovering family documents, miscellaneous MSS 1762-1867 and n.d. Box 13

Ser. 3-B. Family Papers: Corbit Branch, 1839-1870s, n.d.

Jonas Preston (1764-) letter to Ann Corbit (Lovering),
Jonas Preston was the half-brother of Anna Lea Corbit and the grandmother of Ann Corbit Lovering.
1816 (1 letter) Box 14

Henry Cowgill Corbit (1800-1851) papers, 1847
Henry Cowgill Corbit was the son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Cowgirll) Corbit and the uncle of Anna L. Wharton. He was married to Sarah Bolton.

Letter to Elizabeth Cowgill Corbit, 1847 (1 letter) Box 14

Letter to Ann Corbit Lovering, 1847 (1 letter) Box 14

Ann Corbit Lovering (1802-1875) papers, 1846-1870s, n.d.
Ann Corbit Lovering was the daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Cowgill) Corbin, the wife of Joseph S. Lovering, and the mother of Anna L. Wharton.

L to Joseph S. Lovering 1846 (1 letter) Box 14

Letter to Mary (Wharton) Thurston (1 letter) Box 14

1 MS poem Box 14

Letters to Anna L. Wharton 1848-1870s, many n.d. (28 letters) Box 14

Letter to Joseph Wharton (1 letter) Box 14

Elizabeth Corbit Jenkins (1805-1878) papers, 1839-1861
Elizabeth Corbit Jenkins was the daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Cowgill) Corbit, the wife of Joshua C. Jenkins, and the aunt of Anna L. Wharton.

Letters to Anna C. Lovering 1839-1858 (2 letters) Box 14

Letters to Anna L. Wharton 1843-1861 (6 letters) Box 14

Ser. 3-C. Anna Lovering Wharton (1830-1914) papers, 1837-1910
Anna Lovering Wharton was the daughter of Joseph S. and Ann (Corbit) Lovering and the wife of Joseph Wharton.


Correspondence sent and received, 1837-1910:

Letters to her grandmother, Mary S. Lovering 1837-1848 (11 letters) Box 14

Letters to Joseph S. and Ann C. Lovering 1839-1860 1861-1862 Box 14

Letters to Deborah F. Wharton 1856-1888 (13 letters) Box 14

Letter to Sarah Lovering (1 letter) Box 14

Letters to Mary Wharton Thurston 1849-1852 (3letters) Box 14

Letter to Mary L. Wharton 1854 (1 letter) Box 14

1 business letter 1910 Box 14

Letters to Charles Fletcher
Also includes an 1823 Fletcher MS sent to her in 1891.
1890, 1891 (2 letters) Box 14

Letters to daughter, Mary L. Whartonletters 5/1881-8/1881, (44 letters) Box 15

Letters from Fanny S. Crutcher 1847-1876 (10 letters) Box 16

Letters from Mary S. Brown Myers 1859-1887 (29 letters) Box 16

Miscellaneous letters from friends and acquaintances 1845-1889, 1890-1909, and n.d. Box 16

MS letter written in German n.d. Box 16

3 MS poems

Sketchbook n.d. Box 17

31 school compositions 1843-1845 Box 17

School papers 1845-1861 Box 17

Miscellaneous business papers 1850-1904 Box 17

Miscellaneous papers Box 17

Journal of trip to Europe 1886 Box 17

Miscellaneous memorabilia Box 17

Inventory and appraisal of Estate 1914 Box 17

Estate papers Box 17

Estate Letterbook 4/27/1914-5/29/1916 Box 17

See also: Series 4.

Series 4. Joseph Wharton (1826-1909), 1833-1913

4.1 Joseph Wharton (1826-1909), correspondence, 1849-1907

Personal correspondence between Joseph and Anna L. Wharton, his wife

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1849 Box 18

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1850 Box 18

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1851-1852 Box 18

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1853 Box 18

Joseph and Anna Wharton
Undated letters written prior to their marriage, which took place at Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, Hicksite, on 6/15/1854, and undated letters from after the marriage.
n.d. Box 18

Joseph and Anna Wharton Box 18

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1856 Box 18

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1857-1858 Box 19

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1859 Box 19

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1860 Box 19

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1861 Box 19

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1862 Box 19

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1863-1872 Box 19

Joseph and Anna Wharton
During trip to Europe.
1873 Box 20

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1874-1884 Box 20

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1885-1889 Box 20

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1890-1892 Box 20

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1893-1895 Box 20

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1896-1899 Box 20

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1900-1904 Box 21

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1905-1906 Box 21

Joseph and Anna Wharton 1907 Box 21

Joseph and Anna Wharton n.d. Box 21

Ser. 4-2 Correspondence and miscellany of Joseph and Anna L. Wharton with friends and relatives, received and sent, 1833-1913

Correspondence with parents, William and Deborah F. Wharton, 1833-1849 Box 22

Misc. correspondence 1850-1869, 1870-1888 Box 22

Correspondence with sister, Hannah W. Haydock (1818-1893) 1843-1873, 1874-1891 and n.d. (115 letters) Box 23

Correspondence with Robert Haydock (1807-1894) 1845-1893 (21 letters) Box 23

Correspondence with brother, Rodman Wharton (1820-1854) 1844-1854 (10 letters) Box 23

Correspondence with Susanna D. Parrish Wharton (1827-1915), wife of Rodman Wharton 1849-1903 (6 letters) Box 23

Correspondence with Sarah Wharton Barker (1821-1866), sister, 1842-1865, and n.d. (6 letters) Box 23

Correspondence with Abraham Barker (1821-), husband of Sarah Barker 18? - 1906 (8 letters) Box 23

Correspondence with brother, Charles William Wharton (1823-1902) 1842-1895, and n.d. (60 letters) Box 23

Correspondence with Mary Lovering Wharton(1829-1897)
Mary Lovering Wharton was the wife of Charles Wharton and the sister of Anna L. Wharton. Folder also includes report cards, 1845, miscellaneous papers, 1845-1871, and memorabilila of Ann Corbit Lovering, 1875.
1846-1866, 1867-1887, 1888-1897, and n.d. (2 folders, 102 letters) Box 24

Correspondence with sister, Mary Wharton Thurston (1828-1857) 1842-1855 (21 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with Joseph Thurston (1823-1861), husband of Mary 1849-1861 (8 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with brother, William Wharton (1830-1907), and his wife, Anna (Walter) Wharton (1831-1909) 1844-1904 (6 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with sister, Anna Wharton (1834-1863) 1856 and n.d. (15 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with sister Esther Fisher Wharton Smith (1836-1915) 1855-1909 (25 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with Benjamin Raper Smith (1825-), husband of Esther 1877-1883 (2 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with Joseph Shallcross Lovering (1832-188), brother of Anna L. Wharton 1846-1882, and n.d. (33 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with Mary Barrett Cowgill Lovering (1847-), wife of Joseph L. Lovering 1867-1896 (7 letters) Box 25

Correspondence with daughter, Joanna Wharton Lippincott (1858-1938) 1870-1898, and n.d. (11 letters) Box 26

Correspondence with daughter, Mary Lovering Wharton (1862-1923), and business letters 1870-1923 (8 letters) Box 26

Correspondence with daughter, Anna Wharton Morris (1868-1957) 1878-1907 Box 26

Correspondence with Lippincott grandchildren (Joseph, Marianna, Sarah, and J. Bertram), and with Thurston children 1904-1913, and n.d. Box 26

Joseph's correspondence with cousins 1842-1905, and n.d. Box 26

Anna's correspondence with cousins 1834-1913, and n.d. Box 26

Correspondence with nieces and nephews 1862-1885, 1886-1895, 1896-1907 and n.d. Box 27

Birthday cards from relatives 1906 Box 27

Correspondence with miscellaneous friends and acquaintances 1842-1911 Box 27

Ser. 4.3 Joseph Wharton correspondence, 1855-1909

Letterbooks (business, and political issues affecting his business interests)

Letterbooks 8/16/1855-3/17/1858 Box 28

Letterbooks (Philadelphia) 3/13/1858-5/27/1861 Box 28

Letterbooks (Bethlehem) 11/2/1850-7/17/1861 Box 28

Letterbooks 4/28/1893-1/26/1894 Box 29

Letterbooks 1/26/1894-10/12/1894 Box 29

Letterbooks 10/12/1894-5/9/1895 Box 29

Letterbooks 5/9/1895-1/14/1896 Box 30

Letterbooks 1/14/1896-9/14/1896 Box 30

Letterbooks 9/14/1896-4/23/1897 Box 30

Letterbooks 4/23/1897-1/8/1898 Box 31

Letterbooks 12/31/1897-8/23/1898 Box 31

Letterbooks 8/24/1898-4/20/1899 Box 31

Letterbooks 4/20/1899-1/23/1900 Box 32

Letterbooks 1/23/1900-10/23/1900 Box 32

Letterbooks 10/23/1900-5/15/1901 Box 32

Letterbooks 5/15/1901-1/10/1902 Box 33

Letterbooks 1/10/1902-5/10/1902 Box 33

Letterbooks 5/12/1902-12/6/1902 Box 33

Letterbooks 12/8/1902-5/19/1903 Box 34

Letterbooks 5/19/1903-12/29/1903 Box 34

Letterbooks 12/29/1903-8/1/1904 Box 34

Letterbooks 8/3/1904-4/5/1905 Box 35

Letterbooks 4/5/1905-12/9/1905 Box 35

Letterbooks 12/9/1905-5/23/1906 Box 36

Letterbooks 5/23/1906-1/10/1907 Box 36

Letterbooks 1/11/1907-10/28/1907 Box 36

Letterbooks 10/29/1907-8/15/1908 Box 36

Letterbooks 11/21/1908-1/11/1909 Box 37

Individual letters sent and received, 1856-1908

Letters sent 1869-1907 Box 38

Letters received 1856-1909 Box 38

Letter to members of his family from various people Box 39

Ser. 4.4 Special collection of letters
This collection houses letters from prominent people, fully catalogued and arranged alphabetically at the end of correspondence.

List of authors, special collection:

Matthew Arnold Box 39a

Chester A. Arthur Box 39a

James G. Blaine Box 39a

George H. Boker Box 39a

Andrew Carnegie Box 39a

Joseph Chamberlain Box 39a

Charles A. Dana Box 39a

Thomas A. Edison Box 39a

Charles W. Eliot Box 39a

James A. Garfield Box 39a

Benjamin Harrison Box 39a

Rutherford B. Hayes Box 39a

Joseph Leidy Box 39a

Henry W. Longfellow Box 39a

Alfred T. Mahan Box 39a

William McKinley Box 39a

S. Weir Mitchell Box 39a

Samuel W. Pennypacker (1843-1916) Box 39a

Agnes Repplier Box 39a

Theodore Roosevelt Box 39a

Goldwin Smith Box 39a

Bayard Taylor Box 39a

William Thomson Box 39a

John Wanamaker Box 39a

Whittier's 70th birthday invitation from Publishers of Atlantic Monthly Box 39a

Woodrow Wilson Box 39a

Owen Wister
See also: Series 7, 8 and 9 for additional letters sent and received.
Box 39a

Ser. 5. Writings, Joseph Wharton, 1864-1916

Speeches, newsletters, lecture notes (rough drafts), and proof sheets Box 40

Poetry Box 40

Political writings Box 40

Pamphlets (most of them privately printed)

"Project for reorganizing the small coinage of United States of America, by the establishment of a system of coin tokens, made of nickel and copper alloy." Philadelphia. 4/15/1864 (24 pp.) Box 41

"Speculations upon a possible method of estimating the distance of certain variably colored Stars", reprinted from The American Journal of Science, XL. 9/1865 (4 pp.) Box 41

Statement made to the commissioners of the revenue relative to nickel, cobalt-oxide, etc. Philadelphia. 1/1866 (11 pp.) Box 41

Statement made 1/1866, relative to nickel, cobalt-oxide, etc. 2/1868 (19 pp. Enlarged version of the above.) Box 41

Suggestions concerning the small money of the United States of America. Philadelphia. 2/1868 (34 pp.) Box 41

The national Banks, greenbacks, resumption, etc. Philadelphia. 12/31/1868 (4 pp.) Box 41

"Observations upon Autumnal Foliage", reprinted from Silliman's Journal? pp. 251-256 3/1869? Box 41

"On two peculiar products in the Nickel manufacture", reprinted from The American Journal of Science and Arts, Vol. XLIX. 5/1870 (48 pp.) Box 41

International Industrial Competition: A paper read before the American Social Science Association at their general meeting in Philadelphia. 10/27/1870 (48 pp.) Box 41

Speech on nickel tarrif to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, Camden, N.J. 1872 Box 41

"National Self-Protection", reprinted from The Atlantic Monthly
Revised by the author.
9/1875 ( pp. 298-315M) Box 41

Poem To My Mother on the 80th Anniversary of her Birthday, Philadelphia. 10/24/1875 (4 pp.) Box 41

Memorandum concerning small money and nickel alloy coinage: with illustrations and descriptions of existing nickel alloy coins, Camden, N.J. 7/25/1877 (50 pp.) Box 41

The Industrial League to its Constituents, Philadelphia.
On the tariff, joint authorship.
3/1/1879 (12 pp.) Box 41

The American Ironmaster, a paper read at Pittsburgh 5/6/1879 (8 pp.) Box 41

Brief statement of the action in behalf of the Eaton Bill for a tariff commission, and the reasons for renewing the movement 6/20/1881 (8 pp.) Box 41

To the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania 1881 Box 41

Shall the tariff be revised by a commission?, address before the New York Tariff Convention 11/30/1881 (15 pp.) Box 41

Commission testimony on nickel, Long Branch N.J. 7/26/1882 (6 pp.) Box 41

Commission testimony on Iron Ore, Philadelphia 10/13/1882 (8 pp.) Box 41

The duty on nickel, Philadelphia 2/5/1883 (15 pp.) Box 41

To the board of managers of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company, Philadelphia
Jointly authored.
1/26/1885 (7 pp.) Box 41

To the Members of the Industrial League, Philadelphia 11/25/1885 (2 pp.) Box 41

The "Sweet Reasonableness" of a Yankee Philistine in Cuba, (Tom Ferguson, pseud.), and other poems 3/1888 (9 pp., 2 copies) Box 41

The Poteophone, Philadelphia (parody) 1/28/1890 (11 pp., 2 copies (parody)) Box 41

Poem: Mexico, Philadelphia4 pp. 5/1891 Box 41

Address to the graduating class of 1891 at Swarthmore College, Philadelphia 6/16/1891 (13 pp.) Box 41

The Creed in the Discipline, Philadelphia 1892 (19 pp.) Box 41

The best water for Philadelphia 3/1892 (9 pp.) Box 41

"The Unit of Value", an address reprinted from The History and Theory of Money, edited by Sidney Sherwood, Philadelphiapp. 22-36 1892 Box 41

Dust from the Krakatoa Eruption of 1883, Philadelphia 5/1/1893 (4 pp.) Box 41

"Dust from the Krakatoa Eruption of 1893", reprinted from Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. XXXII
Slightly altered from above.
2/10/1894 (3 pp. ) Box 41

The Production of Nickel and Cobalt in 1896, (extract Annual Report of the US Geological Survey), Washington 1897 (16 pp.) Box 41

Looking toward Sunset (poem in Friends Intelligencer) 11/6/1897 Box 41

Address to Swarthmore graduates of 1898 (7 pp.) Box 41

"Credo Quia Impossibile Est," Philadelphia
Analysis of Tertullian phrase.
11/1898 (12 pp.) Box 41

To the members of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting and others, Philadelphia
Jointly authored.
4/1899 Box 41

Address at Swarthmore Commencement, Philadelphia 6/13/1899 (12 pp.) Box 41

On the water supply, Philadelphia 1/10/1900 (3 pp.) Box 41

Swarthmore graduates of 1900 6/12/1900 (6 pp.) Box 41

Swarthmore graduates of 1901 (9 pp.) Box 41

Swarthmore Commencement Address on Character Building 6/10/1902 (8 pp.) Box 41

Poem: Mexico, Philadelphia 12/25/1902 (24 pp., illustrated) Box 41

Swarthmore graduates of 1903 (6 pp.) Box 41

The creed in the discipline, Philadelphia; revised and reprinted, 1892, 1904 (19 pp.) Box 41

"Palladium (Pd)", reprinted from Proceedings American Philosophical Society, XLIII 1904 (pp. 332-338) Box 41

Address to the graduates of Lehigh University 6/15/1904 (8 pp.) Box 41

The Poteophone and Mrs. Mulligan's Rediviva 2/14/1905 (20 pp.) Box 41

Poem: Poseidon in America 1905 (12 pp.) Box 41

The tariff question n.d. (ca. 1878) Box 41

To the Select and Common Councils of the City of Philadelphia, on the Philadelphia water supply n.d. (6 pp.) Box 41

Letters to the Editor published in Friends Intelligencer 6/20/1907, 2/27/1915 Box 41

Ser. 6. Business, financial, and legal papers of Joseph Wharton, 1847-1914

Business interests, 1847-1909

Cottonseed Oil 1847-1851 Box 42

Currency 1894-1898 Box 42

Exhibitions 1878 Box 42

Industrial League 1880-1885 Box 42

Iron and Minerals 1859-1908 Box 42

Railroads 1874-1907 Box 42

Salt Land mines, Nevada 1877-1909 Box 42

Miscellaneous papers and documents 1860-1909 Box 42

Geological Survey of New Jersey - Maps 1868 Box 42a

Ledgers, cash books, journals, etc., 1848-1914

Ground Lead Stock/R. and J.W. 1848-1849 Box 43

Private Accounts of J.W.: Cash book 1855-1858 Box 43

Private Accounts of J.W.: Cash book 1858-1863 Box 43

J.W./Day Book/ 1857 1857-1859 Box 43

Check book 4/1858-5/1858 Box 44

Cash book Spelter Works Joseph Wharton 1859-1863 Box 44

Lehigh Zinc Co. Accounts 1861-1863 Box 44

Gap Journal 1863-1867 Box 44

Camden Ledger 1863-1867 Box 44

Ledger/Joseph Wharton 1863-1868 Box 45

Journal/Joseph Wharton 1863-1868 Box 45

Private Accounts/Joseph Wharton 1869-1876 Box 45

Joseph Wharton Gap Establishment 1869-1879 Box 46

Journal/Joseph Wharton Nickel Business 1869-1898 Box 46

Private Accounts/1876/Joseph Wharton 1876-1884 Box 47

Ledger/Gap Establishment 1880-1897 Box 47

Journal/Joseph Wharton/Gap Establishment 1880-1896 Box 47

Private Accounts/1885/Joseph Wharton 1899-1902 Box 48

Bills Receivable 1895-1899 Box 48

Ledger/Nickel Business/Joseph Wharton 1899-1902 Box 48

Andover Iron Co., Minutes 1868-1914 Box 48a

Bills and notes receivable and payable 1899-1905, 1903-1909 Box 48a

Financial papers, 1871-1909

Various financial papers, 1871-1909

Private accounts, balances 1900-1906 Box 49

Legal papers, 1847-1909

Various legal papers 1847-1909

Copies of deeds, etc. ca. 1850s Box 49

Financial papers
Includes receipted bills, loans, South Jersey lands, Fire insurance policies.
Box 50

Ser. 7. Swarthmore College Papers, 1883-1931

Correspondence 1883-1907 Box 51

Speeches and Commencement Addresses made at the College 1885-1906 Box 51

Manuscripts about Joseph Wharton 1906 and n.d. Box 51

Clippings and pamphlets 1890-1931 Box 51

Papers on Joseph Leidy Box 51

Ser. 8. Wharton School (established 1881) papers, 1881-1849

Correspondence 1889-1940 Box 52

Deeds and indentures, 1881-1902 Lectures 1881-1902 Box 52

Papers and clippings 1888-1891 Box 52

Estate of Joseph Wharton, accounts, treasurer's reports, Bulletins 1914-1949 Box 53

Large statement of purposes in founding Wharton School.
Filed in chart case with oversize record groups.
Box 53

Series 9. Wharton Estate papers, 1903-1949

Legal Correspondence, 1909-1913 Box 54

To Harrison Morris, as Executor 1909-1911 Box 54

From Girard Trust Co., Executors and Trustees after 1913 Box 54

Financial papers, 1908-1926

Proposed sale of estate property to Fairmount Park 1916-1917 Box 54

Trial balance sheets 1909-1913 Box 54

Schedules of distribution 1910-1913 Box 54

Receipts and bills 1908-1911 Box 54

Trust accounts for grandchildren 1910-1923 Box 54

Quarterly estate accounts 1914-1926 Box 55

Triennial estate accounts 1909-1917 Box 55

Legal papers, 1908-1914

Sales agreements by Executors 1909 Box 55

Papers concerning Gap store and Eckert farm, Pa., leases 1909-1914 Box 55

Papers concerning Fisher Park at Fern Rock station on the North Box 55

Penn Branch of the Reading Railroad 1909-1914 Box 55

Release of mortgage agreements, Atlantic County, N.J. 1908-1913 Box 55

Petitions to Orphan's Court and judges thereof 1911, 1914 Box 55

Papers concerning lawsuit
The suit was over demolition of property at 4th and George Streets, Philadelphia, after fire damaged the old Mechanics Hall there and the city required demolition.
1912-1913 Box 55

Lease for Wharton Railroad Switch Co., Abington, Pennsylvania 1914 Box 55

Papers concerning property holdings, 1903-1938 Box 55

Properties 1909-1910, 1913-1920 Box 56

Rhode Island properties, Conanicut Island, leases
Papers concerning care of property at Jamestown.
1905-1912, 1909-1910, 1909-1912

South Jersey property, reports and other papers 1908-1925 Box 56

Proposed water company for Camden water supply from Wharton Tract 1909 Box 56

Mining property, El Dorado Canyon, Nevada 1903-1909, 1909-1913 Box 56

Mining claims

Boise, Idaho 1908-1915, 1938 Box 56

Arizona 1912 Box 56

Indiana County, Pennsylvania, coal lands 1930 Box 56

Accounts by Edward Flood, realtor 1909-1913 Box 57

Inventory and appraisement of Estate 1909 Box 58

Correspondence, individual 1909-1914 Box 58

Clippings 1910-1949 Box 58

Bulletins, of the American Iron and Steel Association 1911, 1912 Box 58

Reports of lands in southern New Jersey owned by the Estate 8/28/1929 Box 58

Letterbooks, 1909-1917

Letterbooks 1/21/1909-9/29/1909 (430 pp.) Box 59

Letterbooks 9/30/1909-6/29/1910 (500 pp.) Box 59

Letterbooks 7/5/1910-7/31/1911 (502 pp.) Box 59

Letterbooks 8/1/1911-8/21/1912 (500 pp.) Box 59

Letterbooks 8/22/1912-2/27/1913 (496 pp.) Box 59

Letterbooks 2/27/1913-10/28/1913 (500 pp.) Box 59

Letterbooks 10/29/1913-6/27/1917 (475 pp.) Box 59

Wharton Steel Company, 1911-1915

Wharton Steel Company 10/3/1911-5/25/1912 (746 pp.) Box 61

Wharton Steel Company 10/1/1912-7/2/1913 (747 pp.) Box 61

Wharton Steel Company 7/7/1913-2/4/1914 (749 pp.) Box 61

Wharton Steel Company miscellaneous 1905-1917 Box 62

Wharton Steel Company 9/1/1914-6/18/1915 (750 pp.) Box 63

Hibernia Mine Railroad Company, 1904-1922

Hibernia Mine Railroad Company 3/1/1904-12/6/1917 (494 pp.) Box 63

Hibernia Mine Railroad Company 12/14/1917-6/2/1922 (213 pp.) Box 63

Wharton Coal and Coke Company Minutes 1907-1918 Box 64

Wharton Coal and Coke Company, Stock certificates issued 1908-1918 Box 64

Rossie Iron Company, Journal(owned by Wharton Steel Co.) 1907-1913 Box 64

Rossie Iron Company, Ledger 1907 Box 64

Large poster advertising Executor's sale of warehouse properties by auction
Filed in chart case with oversize record groups.
5/14/1913 Box 64

Blueprint of Upper Freeport coal field, Potter Coal and Coke Company, Coral, Pennsylvania
Filed in oversize case.
1922 Box OE

Blueprint Atlas of properties in the Joseph Wharton Estate located in Camden, Burlington and Atlantic Counties, New Jersey
Filed in oversize case.
1927 Box 64

Ser. 10. Mary Wharton papers, 1883-1929
Box 65
Mary Wharton was the daughter of Joseph and Anna Wharton.


Miscellaneous papers 1883-1923 Box 65

Bank passbooks 1907-1914, 1914-1929 Box 65

Receipted tax bills 1915-1922 Box 65

Income tax papers, 1917-1921

Income tax papers 1917 Box 65

Income tax papers 1918 Box 65

Income tax papers 1919 Box 65

Income tax papers 1921 Box 65

Papers concerning claim for liability damages 1922 Box 65

Estate papers 1923-1924 Box 65

Ser. 11. Memorabilia, 1899-1904

Two samples of processed ore
Stored with Relics.
12/27/1899 and 10/21/1901 Box 65

Two duplicate medals made of malleable nickel, presented by the International Nickel Company, New York, at the time of the St. Louis Exposition
Stored with Relics.
1904 Box 65

Ser. 12. Reference Material, 1800-1962

Clippings 1909-1950 Box 66

Miscellaneous material 1872-1909 and n.d. Box 66

"Romance," by anonymous, n.d. Box 66

Conjugal Sins,
A book on marriage which was read and annotated by Joseph Wharton.
1870 Box 66

Letters from George Washington, printed, London 1800 Box 66

Batsto, Wharton Tract State Forest, New Jersey 1929-1962 Box 66