An Inventory of the Moses Shepherd Papers, ca. 1794-1927

(10 boxes; 5 linear ft.)

RG 5/137


© Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College.  
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081-1399 U.S.A.  

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Table of contents
Abstract
Moses Shepherd (1773-1857) was a Quaker humanitarian and businessman of Baltimore, Maryland. He was the son of Nathan and Sarah Shoemaker Sheppard, born outside of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After their property was confiscated during the Revolutionary War, the family settled in Maryland. Sheppard never married and devoted most of his life to a number of social reforms, including the treatment of the insane and the colonization movement. As a member of Baltimore Monthly Meeting, he was active in a number of committees, including that of Indian Affairs of Baltimore Yearly Meeting. He was also involved in the Maryland State and American Colonization Societies and believed strongly in colonization as a means of eliminating slavery in the U.S. At his death, his bequest established the Sheppard Asylum. The collection includes correspondence on the subjects of antislavery and colonization in Liberia, plans for a mental hospital, and on personal affairs. Also includes manuscripts relating to the Maryland State and Pennsylvania Colonization Societies and the Sheppard Asylum, material on the libel trial of William Lloyd Garrison, and other papers. Of particular note is the correspondence of Moses Sheppard with Henry Gassett of Boston on Freemasonry and with Benjamin F. Taylor of Loudon Co., Virginia, on anti-slavery issues and the “spiritual tyranny” of the Catholic Church. Other correspondents include Benjamin Hallowell, John Jackson, Joshua Dungan, Thomas Ellicott, Dr. Nathan Shoemaker, Elisha Tyson, and many others. Collection also includes a list of applicants for Liberia and correspondence from Joshua H. Stewart in Africa and Samuel Ford McGill, a Liberian physician who was sponsored by Sheppard.

Background note:
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL Moses Shepherd (1773-1857) was a Quaker humanitarian and businessman of Baltimore, Maryland. He was the son of Nathan and Sarah Shoemaker Sheppard, born outside of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After their property was confiscated during the Revolutionary War, the family settled in Maryland. Moses began work as an errand boy for Quaker merchant, John Mitchell; he eventually went into partnership with him and was also involved in a number of other business ventures. Sheppard never married and devoted most of his life to a number of social reforms, including the treatment of the insane and the colonization movement. As a member of Baltimore Monthly Meeting, he was active in a number of committees, including that of Indian Affairs of Baltimore Yearly Meeting. He was also involved in the Maryland State and American Colonization Societies and believed strongly in colonization as a means of eliminating slavery in the U.S. At his death, his bequest established the Sheppard Asylum.

Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT The collection includes correspondence on the subjects of antislavery and colonization in Liberia, plans for a mental hospital, and on personal affairs. Also includes manuscripts relating to the Maryland State and Pennsylvania Colonization Societies and the Sheppard Asylum, material on the libel trial of William Lloyd Garrison, and other papers. Of particular note is the correspondence of Moses Sheppard with Henry Gassett of Boston on Freemasonry and with Benjamin F. Taylor of Loudon Co., Virginia, on anti-slavery issues and the “spiritual tyranny” of the Catholic Church. Other correspondents include Benjamin Hallowell, John Jackson, Joshua Dungan, Thomas Ellicott, Dr. Nathan Shoemaker, Elisha Tyson, and many others. Collection also includes a list of applicants for Liberia and correspondence from Joshua H. Stewart in Africa and Samuel Ford McGill, a Liberian physician who was sponsored by Sheppard.

Arrangement
Arrangement The collection is divided into six series:


Added entries

Subjects
  • Afro-Americans -- Colonization -- Africa.
  • Anti-Catholicism
  • Baltimore (Md.)--Quakers
  • Liberia - History - Sources
  • Mental Illness
  • Philanthropists --Quaker
  • Quakers -- Maryland - Baltimore
  • Quakers --Social life and customs
  • Quakers--Social reformers
  • Quakers-Relations with Afro-Americans
  • Slavery
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Dungan, Joshua
  • Ellicott, Thomas, 1779-1859
  • Free masons
  • Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879
  • Gassett, Henry, 1813-1886
  • Hallowell, Benjamin, 1799-1877
  • Jackson, John, 1809-1855
  • Maryland State Colonization Society.
  • McGill, Samuel F. (Samuel Ford)
  • Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital
  • Sheppard Asylum
  • Sheppard, Moses, 1775-1857
  • Shoemaker, Nathan, 1788-1868
  • Stewart, Joshua H.
  • Tyson, Elisha, 1750-1824
Credits
Processed by: Finding Aid Prepared by FHL staff
Date: 1958
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.
Sponsor: Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries


Inventory

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE RECORDS
Notes
Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1. Biographical, 1753, n.d.

General biographical papers
Bound volume containing mss. and newspaper accounts of Moses Sheppard's life, his plans for a mental hospital, and descriptions of the buildings and grounds of the Sheppard Asylum in process of construction. Also, copies of correspondence received by Sheppard from persons seeking charity upon reading of his large bequest to the hospital.
(bound volume) Box 1

List of visitors to Sheppard during the last three months of his life Box 1

Picture of Sheppard Box 1

Inventory: Moses Shepherd [sic] 1753 Box 1

Visit of a previously unknown relative n.d. (ms.) Box 1

Clipping re: Geo. S. Sheppard. n.d. (with picture) Box 1

Miscellaneous notes containing mention of Elisha Tyson
See accompanying notes by Bliss Forbush.
Box 1

Ser. 2. Correspondence, 1801-1927

Miscellaneous correspondence 1801-1927 Box 1

Correspondence with Joshua Dungan 1844-1850 Box 1

Letters to Thomas Ellicott 1840-1850 Box 2

Typewritten copies of letters to Thomas Ellicott 1841-1850 Box 2

Correspondence with Henry Gassett, on Anti-Masonry 1847-1852 Box 2

Correspondence with and about Samuel Ford McGill and Liberia, 1832-1855, including: Box 2

Letters
With some letters by Dempsey R. Fletcher, 1845-1854
1832-1856 (3 folders) Box 2

Photocopies of letters 1832-1856 (3 folders) Box 2

Ms. volume, copies of letters 1835-1838 Box 2

Photocopy of ms. volume of letters 1835-1838. Box 2

Bound ms. vol., copies of letters 1833-1853 Box 3

Correspondence with Nathan Shoemaker 1835-1855 Box 3

Correspondence with and about Nathan Tyson 1846-1849 Box 3

Correspondence with Benjamin F. Taylor
re: Catholicism, slavery, etc.
1842-1858 (in folder) Box 3

Invitations: personal and business

ms. copies of letters by Moses Sheppard to various recipients 1851-1855 (bound volume) Box 3

Copied miscellaneous correspondence, ca. 1828-1857 (2 large bound vols.)

Volume 1, miscellaneous correspondence
Includes letter to Henry Ward Beecher re: old ring sent from Liberia by S.F. McGill for Beecher's sister, Harriet Beecher Stowe (p. 274); also, essays by Moses Sheppard on such subjects as the Laws of Nature, as the basis for Protestant Christianity: misc. articles such as Puritan marriage ceremony; Papal Bull of Leo X conferring on Henry VIII the title of “Defender of the Faith;” allegory of “Gonzalmo;” the miseries of walking in city streets; genealogy of Moses Sheppard.
ca. 1828-1856 Box 3a

Volume 2, miscellaneous correspondence, Ms. copies of letters with various authors and recipients 1854-1857 Box 3b

See also Ser. 4: writings by Moses Shepard

Ser. 3. Business Papers, 1713-1862

Business papers and financial statements of partnership with John Mitchell 1794-1819 Box 4

Correspondence and legislation concerning Tobacco Warehouse 1820-1827 Box 4

Warehouse rental dispute with Elisha Tyson and other papers concerning E. Tyson. 1821-1822 Box 4

Notices of meetings of business organizations of which Sheppard was a director
Includes Savings Bank of Baltimore.
1819-1830 Box 4

Baltimore Fire Insurance 1816-1833 Box 4

Baltimore and Fredericktown Railway 1819-1822 Box 4

Maryland Penitentiary 1817-1824 Box 4

Union Mfg. Co. notices 1823-1846 Box 4

Maryland State Colonization Society 1831-1841 Box 4

Miscellaneous notices of meetings 1818-1848 Box 4

Miscellaneous deeds, land descriptions and sales, wills, etc. 1713-1844 Box 4

Receipts, promissory notes, certificates of stock, etc. 1809-1862 Box 4

Ser. 4. Writings by Moses Sheppard, n.d.
(ms. essays)

“Essay.” Box 4

“Mausoleums, Monuments, Tombstones.” Box 4

“Rambles in Green Mount.” Box 4

See also Ser. 2, for essays included in 2 large bound volumes of miscellaneous correspondence.

Ser. 5. Social Concerns, n.d.

Material on Sheppard asylum
Includes annual report for 1963-1965.
n.d. (2 folders) Box 5

Mss. relating to libel trial of Wm. Lloyd Garrison Box 5

Bound volume of lists of applicants for Liberia Box 5

List of contributors to funds Box 5

Titles of books and pamphlets on Sheppard concerns, names of persons to whom copies were given. Box 5

Ser. 6. Reference Material, 1784-1870

Clippings and other printed material Box 5

Epistles and pamphlets re: the Society of Friends, 1784-1870: Box 5

“The Epistle from the Yearly Meeting held in London 1784. To the Quarterly and Monthly Meetings of Friends in Great Britain, Ireland, and elsewhere.”
Same document included for 1785, 1786, 1790, 1791, 1792.
1784-1792 Box 5

“An Epistle from the Yearly Meeting held in Phila... 1821.” Box 5

“The Epistle from the Yearly Meeting held in London...1824.”
Same document included for 1827, 1831.
1824-1831 Box 5

“Epistle from Genessee Yearly Meeting of Women Friends...1842.” Box 5

An Appeal to that Society of Friends which holds its Yearly Meetings at Cherry St.. Phila., Merrihew, etc. Box 5

Sixth Annual Report of the Friends' Association of Phila. for the Aid and Elevation of the Freedman. Phila.
Stuckey, printer.
1870 Box 5

James Panell, Tract Association of Friends Box 5

Manuscripts, 1858, n.d.

A Confession of Faith 1858 (copy) Box 5

Plan to Improve the Condition of the Indians Box 5

Dissertation by John Jackson Box 5

Ground Plan of Friend Asylum near Frankford, Pa. Box 5

Catalogue of books on single subjects Box 5

Pamphlets
See list in Box 6 for titles of pamphlets filed in RG 5 as well as titles and location of those pamphlets filed elsewhere in FHL.
Box 6

Periodicals and Newspapers, 1830-1857

The Christian Rationalist 9/2/1848-11/18/1848 with gaps Box 7

The Christian Register 4/29/1848 & 10/7/1848. Box 7

The Colonization Herald 2/1853-1/1857 with gaps Box 7

The Genius of Universal Emancipation 7/1830 Box 7

The North Star 5/26/1848, 9/8/1848. Box 7

The Spirit Messenger 8/10/1850 Box 7

The Spirit of the Age 7/7/1849-4/27/1850 with gaps Box 7

The Univercoelum and Spiritual Philosopher 1/6/1848-6/30/1849 with gaps Box 8

Scrapbook of Clippings on a variety of subjects Box 9