An Inventory of the James Morgan Read Papers, 1951-1987

(12 boxes; 6 linear ft.)

RG 5/128


© Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College.  
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081-1399 U.S.A.  

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Abstract
James Morgan Read (1908-1985) was a Quaker and president of Wilmington College from 1960-69. He also served as the United Nations Deputy High Commissioner from 1951-60, and was a vice president of the Charles F. Kettering Foundation from 1969 until his retirement in 1974. The bulk of the collection documents James Read's work as a consultant after 1974. His diaries date from his association with Wilmington College. Areas of particular interest include the establishment of Soviet-American dialogue and the Dartmouth and Soviet-American Writers Conferences, U.S./Canadian relations and the Lester B. Pearson Conference, the American Friends Service Committee, and the U.N. (non-governmental organizations).

Background note:
BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL James Morgan Read (1908-1985) was a Quaker and president of Wilmington College, Ohio, from 1960-69. He also served as the United Nations Deputy High Commissioner from 1951-60, and was a vice president of the Charles F. Kettering Foundation from 1969 until his retirement in 1974.

1922-1976 Born in Camden, New Jersey, the son of a Methodist Minister, Read graduated from Dickinson College (1929) in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, earned a D. Phil. from Marburg University (1932) in Germany, and received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago (1940). He taught History at Lycoming College from 1932-34 and served as Associate Professor of History and then Chairman of the Social Sciences Department at the University of Louisville from 1935-43. In 1940, he married Henrietta Morton; they raised three children, Austine (Bonnie), James III, and Edward. In 1949, Read joined the Society of Friends as a member of the Gwynedd, Pennsylvania Monthly Meeting. Two years after Henrietta Read's sudden death from cancer in 1976, James Read married Theresa K. Dintenfass.
1943-1945, 1947-1949 From 1943-45, Read was employed in Civilian Public Service. He then took a job as Associate Secretary of the Friends Committee on National Legislation in Washington and focused his efforts on legislation for displaced persons. He continued that concern as Secretary in the Foreign Service Section of the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) from 1947 to 1949, overseeing that organization's relief work in the immediate postwar period.
1950-1960, 1960-1969 In 1950, James Read was named Chief of the Division of Education and Cultural Relations of the United States High Commissioner for Germany (State Department). From 1951 to 1960 he served as the United Nations (UN) Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva, and was appointed Acting High Commissioner for a few months in 1956. He returned to the academic world as President of Wilmington College in Ohio from 1960 to 1969.
1969-1981 Read stepped down as President of Wilmington College in 1969 to take a job as Vice-President of the Charles F. Kettering Foundation. Five years later, when he reached the mandatory retirement age, Read chose to continue his association with Kettering, serving as Senior Consultant in International Affairs. In that capacity he was involved in three of the Dartmouth Conferences--XII, XIII, and XIV--which were administered and co-sponsored by Kettering, and acted as Rapporteur for the third Soviet-American Writers Conference in the USSR in 1979. Read also wrote a report for Kettering on the Council on Foreign Relation's fifth Conference on the US-Canada Relationship in 1981.
to 1983 James Read maintained his involvement with the American Friends Service Committee, serving on the AFSC Board of Directors as member and Chair of the AFSC Information and Interpretation Committee. He was also Clerk of the Quaker United Nations Committee in New York and did a study of the Special Committee of the UN General Assembly Banning the Use of Force. His experience with the UN also led to involvement with the US Committee for the UN Institute for Training and Research. In 1983, he acted as a Consultant to Crosscurrents to study the possibility of establishing an office for Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung.
Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT James Read (1908-1985) was a Quaker whose work emphasized international programs and higher education.

The bulk of the collection documents James Read's work as a consultant after 1974. His diaries date from his association with Wilmington College. Areas of particular interest include the establishment of Soviet-American dialogue and the Dartmouth and Soviet-American Writers Conferences, U.S./Canadian relations and the Lester B. Pearson Conference, the American Friends Service Committee, and the U.N. (non-governmental organizations).

Arrangement
Arrangement The collection is divided in nine series:


Added entries

Subjects
  • Communism and international relations
  • Dartmouth Conference (XIII: 1981: Moscow)
  • Dartmouth Conference (XIV: 1984: Dartmouth)
  • Lester B. Pearson conference on the Canada-United States Relationship (5th: 1981: Ontario)
  • Quakers -- Diaries--20th century
  • Quakers -- Education
  • Quakers -- International relations
  • Quakers -- United States
  • Soviet-American Writers Conference (3: 1979)
  • United States -- Relations -- Canada
  • United States -- Relations -- Soviet Union
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • American Friends Service Committee
  • Charles F. Kettering Foundation
  • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • Read, James Morgan, 1908-1985
  • Wilmington College (Wilmington, Ohio)
Credits
Processed by: Finding Aid Prepared by FHL staff
Date: 1988
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.
Sponsor: Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries


Inventory

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE RECORDS
Notes
Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1. Biographical Material, 1954-1985

General, 1954-1985 Box 1

President of Wilmington College, 1960-69

Inauguration/Resignation, 1960-69 Box 1

Communist Speaker Controversy, 1962 Box 1

2. Correspondence, 1950-1987

Letters arranged chronlogically, 1950-1984:

Business, Letters Received 1978 Box 1

Business, Letters Sent 1978-79 Box 1

Christmas, Letters Received, 1961-78 Box 1

Christmas, Letters Sent 1950-76 Box 1

Family, Letters Received 1965-71 & 1977-84 Box 1

Family, Letters Sent 1970 & 1977-79 Box 1

Personal Letters Received 1962-76 & 1977-84 Box 1

Personal Letters Sent 1977-79 Box 1

Letters arranged by subject, 1965-1984 :

Immigration Reform 1965-70 Box 1

Writers' Conference 1977-78 Box 1

World Hunger Education Service 1979-81 Box 2

Earth Aid Society 1981 Box 2

Albert Einstein Institution 1984 Box 2

Program on Non-Violent Sanctions 1984 Box 2

“Women and Men”: Raymond Lloyd 1980-83 Box 2

William Huntington 1982-83 Box 2

Shepherd Stone 1983 Box 2

Reference Letters & Resumes 1978-81 Box 2

Miscellaneous 1962-79 Box 2

Ser. 3. Diaries, 1961-1982

Diary 1961-64 Box 2

Diary 1965-75 Box 3

Diary 1979 Box 3

Diary 1981-82 Box 3

Ser. 4. Speeches and Seminar Presentations.
Files contain manuscript copies of articles, author's notes, and some research material.


Speeches While President of Wilmington College 1960-69 (9 folders) Box 4

“Reflections on the Last Two Decades of the Nobel Peace Prize, 1962-83,”
For the International Studies Association in Atlanta, Georgia.
1984

Correspondence 1981-84 Box 5

Speeches Delivered at Conference 1984 Box 5

Articles by Irwin Abrams 1945-83 Box 5

Prize Nominations by AFSC 1975-84 Box 5

Acceptance Speeches: Red Cross 1917, 1944, 1963. Box 5

Acceptance Speeches: UNICEF 1966. Box 5

Acceptance Speeches: Amnesty International 1977 Box 5

Misc. pamphlets and clippings 1974-84 Box 5

“HICOG and Higher Education,” 1984-1985
For the Aspen Institute-Berlin.

Correspondence 1984-85 Box 5

Agenda and Proceedings 1984 Box 5

Articles & Clippings Box 5

Ser. 5. Published Articles, 1950-1985
Files contain manuscript copies of articles, author's notes, and some research material.


Early published articles 1950-67 Box 6

“Distinctives of a Quaker College,” Friends Journal, and unfinished sequel. 1963 Box 6

“Birth of an Island Nation,” Worldview October 1980

Research Materials, Grenada & St.Lucia Box 6

“The Best Kept Secret,” Friends Journal October 1981 Box 6

“United Nations Seminar,” Quaker Life 1982 Box 6

“Non-Use of Force,” Friends Journal 1982 Box 6

Releases, 1980-1985:

Releases 4/80-4/81 Box 6

Releases 4/81-11/81 Box 6

Releases 3/82-4/82 Box 6

Releases 1/83-10/83 Box 6

Releases 8/84-2/85 Box 7

Releases 8/84-2/85 Box 7

Annual Reports, 1981-84 Box 7

Correspondence, 1981-83 Box 7

Quaker UN Office Releases, 1983-85 Box 7

Miscellaneous Articles & Notes. Box 7

Ser. 6. Kettering Foundation, 1969-1982
These files, arranged chronologically by project, include reports and related correspondence.


Personnel 1969-80 Box 7

Travel and Expense Accounts 1977-78 Box 7

Dartmouth Conferences, 1979-84
The Dartmouth Conferences were a series of off-the-record informal talks between leading citizens of the US and USSR, initiated at the suggestion of President Eisenhower and administered and co-sponsored by the Kettering Foundation.

Dartmouth Conference X 1976 Box 7

Dartmouth Conference XI 1977 Box 7

Dartmouth Conference XII Williamsburg, Virginia 1979 Box 7

Dartmouth Conference XIII Moscow 1981 Box 8

Dartmouth Conference XIV Dartmouth College 1984 Box 8

Related Organizations Box 8

Citizen Exchange Corps 1979 Box 8

UN Assoc.-Soviet/US Relations 1979 Box 8

Miscellaneous Related Materials 1977-79 Box 8

Writers Conferences, 1977-80
The Soviet-American Writers Conferences were an outgrowth of the Dartmouth Conferences. The Kettering Foundation co-sponsored and administered the first two, in 1977 and 1978. James Read acted as Rapporteur for Kettering in 1979 when sponsorship was transferred to the Kennan Institute. In 1980, he was an observer for Kettering and wrote a report.

Writers Conference II, USA 1978 Box 8

Writers Conference I, USSR 1977 Box 9

Writers Conference Preliminary Meeting, Austria 1978 Box 9

3rd Soviet-American Writers Conference, USSR 1979 Box 9

4th Soviet-American Writers Conference, California 1980 Box 9

5th Soviet-American Writers Conference, USSR 1982 Box 9

Related Articles 1978-82 Box 9

Canada Project/Council on Foreign Relations, 1977-84
Read was a Delegate to the Lester B. Peason Conference (V) on the US-Canada Relationship and wrote a report for Kettering.

Correspondence 1977-80 Box 9

Pearson Conference 1981 Box 10

Pearson Conference 1982-83 Box 10

Pearson Conference 1984 Box 10

Canada-Mexico Project 1978 Box 10

US-China Writers Conference, 1982-83 Box 10

US-China Writers Conference 1982 Box 10

US-China Writers Conference 1983 Box 10

Related Articles Box 10

Miscellaneous, 1978=1982 Box 10

World Without War 1978-79 Box 10

Glenn Paige 1979-80 Box 10

Esalen Institute 1981-82. Box 10

Ser. 7. American Friends Service Committee, 1979-1984

General: 1979-85

Memos Box 10

Minutes Box 10

Nominations and Staff Lists Box 10

AFSC and Canada Box 10

East-West Consultation, 1977-83 Box 10

1977 Discussions 1977 Box 10

1981 Discussions 1981 Box 10

1983 Discussions. 1983 Box 10

Miscellaneous Box 10

IDEC (International Division Executive Committee) 1981-85 Box 11

Biographical Sketches, Subcommittee Lists Box 11

Correspondence Box 11

Memos & Intra-Committee Correspondence. Box 11

Minutes & Agendas Box 11

Information and Interpretation Committee 1977-84

Correspondence Box 11

Memos & Intra-Committee Correspondence. Box 11

Minutes & Agendas Box 11

Reports. Box 11

Quaker United Nations Committee, 1978-1985
The Quaker United Nations Offices in New York are sponsored by FWCC in its capacity as an international non-governmental organization (NGO) at the UN, and administered by the AFSC. Read was Clerk of the QUNC. He discovered the existence of a Special Committee appointed by the General Assembly of the UN to deal with the question of the non-use of force, and wrote two articles for Friends Journal. See Series 2, Published Articles. Correspondence, 1973-77.

Membership & Sub Committee Lists 1982-85 Box 11

Memos & Intra-Committee Correspondence 1979-85 Box 11

Minutes & Agendas 1983 Box 11

Reports 1978-79 Box 11

Miscellaneous, 1983-84 Box 11

United Nations 1983-84 Box 11

FWCC 1983-84 Box 11

8. Other Activities, 1976-1985

UN Institute for Training and Research
Read was involved with the US Committee for the UN Institute for Training and Research.
1978-79 Box 11

UN Institute for Training and Research 1980-83 Box 11

Crosscurrents 1983-84 Box 11

Council on Religion and International Affairs (CRIA)
CRIA is concerned with the interrelationship of ethics and foreign policy and sponsors regular seminars (CRIA Conversations) which bring together authorities and policy makers for presentations and discussion. James Read was an Associate and wrote an article for their magazine, Worldview. See also Series 2, Published Articles.
1979-85 (4 folders) Box 12

Dayton Friends Meeting 1976-82 Box 12

National Council on Philanthropy 1978 Box 12

SUN (Symphony for United Nations) 1978-79. Box 12

Refugees, 1964-1982

General 1982 & n.d. Box 12

Shmukler 1982 Box 12

UNHCR (Genie Soffe) 1964-73 Box 12

Peace Academy/AC DA Education 1979-84 Box 12

9. Miscellaneous Manuscripts
Box 12