An Inventory of the Zebedee Haines Papers, 1857-1922

(1 box; 0.5 linear ft.)

RG 5/056

© Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College.  
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081-1399 U.S.A.  

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Zebedee Haines (1843-1923) was a Quaker who was active in the work of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends and of its Indian Committee in the late 19th century. Zebedee was also a student, teacher, administrator, and school committee member at Westtown School. The Haines family ran a dairy farm in West Grove, Pennsylvania. The collection contains family correspondence and diaries. Also includes letters of Zebedee Haines to his wife, describing his visits to Tunesassa and to native American groups in Nova Scotia with Joseph S. Elkinton in 1903, and of his daughter, Mary Elizabeth Haines, who taught at Tunesassa from 1908-09.

Background note:
BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL NOTE Zebedee Haines was born in 1843 in Medford, New Jersey, the son of Zebedee and Elizabeth Hendrikson Haines, and became a student at Westtown Boarding School in Pennsylvania in the fall of 1860. By 1867 he was a teaching at Westtown. In 1870 he married Anna P. Harvey, who also had taught at Westtown, 1867-1868. Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Orthodox) appointed Zebedee to its Westtown School Committee in 1879, and Anna Haines was appointed in 1885. Both served on the Committee until 1891 when they became Superintendent and Matron of the School, serving until 1896. Zebedee was also academic head of the School from 1894-1896. He and Anna were again appointed to the School Committee in 1897 and 1900, respectively, and served until retirement in 1918. Each had almost a lifetime involvement with the school, as did some of their children, all of whom graduated from Westtown between 1892 and 1904.

Their son, Alfred S. Haines, who graduated in 1894 and went on to Haverford College, served as assistant teacher, as a teacher of botany, English, and rhetoric, and originated the School's eight acre “pine forest”. The Haines family also ran a dairy farm at West Grove, Chester Co., Pennsylvania.

Zebedee was equally active in the work of the Society of Friends, in particular, the Indian Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting which in 1797 had established reservations among the Seneca Indians at Allegheny and the Oneidas at Cattaraugus in western New York State. In 1903 Zebedee traveled to these reservations with Joseph S. Elkinton (1830-1905), and later the same year both visited Indians in Nova Scotia and Ontario. Zebedee's letters of Nov. 1903 describe conditions of the Indians at these places. Elkinton's father, Joseph Elkinton (1794-1868), had been a founder in 1822 of the school for Seneca Indian boys at Tunesassa, and Joseph S. was himself born there. By 1852 girls had been admitted as boarders, and education at Tunesassa is described in some of the 36 letters written in 1908-1909 by (Mary) Elizabeth Haines, daughter of Zebedee and Anna Haines, who taught there. Zebedee continued his involvement with Tunesassa as late as 1910, and also traveled widely, visiting other Yearly Meetings.

Anna P. Harvey was the daughter of Thomas M. Harvey and his first wife, Deborah Phillips, who died when Anna was only four years old. Thomas married second to Cassandra Brinton of Sadsbury Monthly Meeting in 1857, and Anna regarded Cassandra as her mother. Thomas M. Harvey ran a model farm for experimental agriculture in West Grove, Pennsylvania, About 20 letters written to Anna from her parents while she was teaching at Westtown in the late 1860's are included in this collection. Both of Anna's parents had also been students at Westtown.


Richard and Margaret Haines of Aynhoe, Northamptonshire, Eng., were converted to Quakerism in the early 1670's, and left England for America in the Spring of 1682 on the ship Amity. Richard died at sea, and Margaret and the children settled in Burlington Co., NJ. Margaret married 2nd in 1685 to Henry Burcham, of Bucks Co., PA.

Richard Haines Jr., baptized at Aynhoe on 6 Aug. 1665, died NJ 1746, married about 1691 to Mary Carlile, daughter of John and Mary (Goodwin) Carlile.

Abram Haines, b. about 1696, d. 1758, married under care of Haddonfield MM in 1719, to Grace Hollinshead, daughter of John and Agnes (Hackney) Hollinshead.

Benjamin Haines. b. 1725, d.??, married 3rd in 1776, at Chesterfield MM, to Sarah Butcher, daughter of John and Mary Butcher.

Clayton Haines, b. 20 May 1780, d. 1816, married 15 Jan. 1807 at Evesham MM to Rebecca Wills, daughter of Zebedee and Priscilla (Moore) Wills. Rebecca b. 1784, d. 1853. Zebedee Wills, son of Micajah Wills, b. 1756. Priscilla Moore, daughter of John Moore, b. 1762, d. 1815.

Zebedee Haines b. 26 Nov. 1807, d. 6 Sept. 1860, married 12 Apr. 1830 at Chesterfield MM to Elizabeth Hendrickson, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Hendrickson.

Zebedee Haines, b. 20 Sept. 1843, d. 16 Oct. 1923, married 22 Dec. 1870 to Anna P. Harvey, daughter of Thomas and Deborah (Philips) Harvey. Anna b. 28 Jun. 1849, d. 4 Oct. 1924. Zebedee was a Minister of New Garden MM, and Anna and Elder. Lived on a dairy farm at West Grove, Chester Co.


Thomas Harvey Haines b. 4 Nov. 1871, d., married 27 Dec. 1901 to Rachel A. Russell, at Short Creek MM, Ohio. Rachel d. 24 Sept. 1903. Married 2nd, in 1913 to Helen??. The marriage was to a non-Friend. Harvey was a psychiatrist and professor at Ohio State University.

Edgar L. Haines, b., d., married Dec. 1919 to Flora McBane.

Alfred S. Haines b., d. 1909, married in 1901 to Edith Hayes of Salem, Ohio, she b. 1876. Alfred S. taught botany, English, and rhetoric at Westtown School from 1898 until his death from a brain tumor in 1909.

Deborah Philips Haines b. 30 May 1876, d. 22 Jan. 1914, married 25 May 1905 to Evan B. Sharpless, son of Joshua C. Sharpless.

William Herbert Haines b., d., married 24 Jan. 1914 at Short Creek MM, Ohio, to Hannah M. Cope, daughter of Benjamin and Marietta Cope.

Mary Elizabeth Haines, b. 1886, d. 9 Mar. 1920, was partially paralyzed, probably by polio, at the age of three, and used crutches the rest of her life.


Clayton was b. 1780, d. 1816, married at Evesham MM on 15 Jan. 1807 to Rebecca Wills, daughter of Zebedee and Priscilla (Moore) Wills.

Son Zebedee Haines was b. 26 Nov. 1807, d. 6 Sept. 1860, married 12 Apr. 1830 at Chesterfield MM to Elizabeth Hendrickson, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Hendrickson.

Children of Zebedee and Elizabeth Haines

Rebecca W. b. 11 Feb. 1831, d. 7 Nov. 1898, married Joshua L. Harmer.

Margaret b. 10 Mar. 1832.

Jane E. b. 7 Apr. 1833, d. 14 Apr. 1918, married Samuel J. Eves in 1861.

Priscilla M. b. 18 Jan. 1835, d. 1918, married Joseph B. Evans in 1862.

Amy b. 27 Mar. 1836, d. 24 Dec. 1890, married Joseph Nicholson in 1866.

Clayton b. 7 May 1837, d. 23 Feb. 1918, Colerain, OH, married Lydia McGrew in 1877.

Joseph Hendrickson b. 7 Dec. 1840, d. 6 Apr. 1920, married Anna Wills in 1877.

Elizabeth F. b. 5 Aug. 1842, d. 31 Aug. 1920, married Howard Darnell in 1868.

Zebedee b. 20 Sept. 1843, d. 16 Oct. 1923, married Anna P. Harvey in 1870.

John G. b. 20 Oct. 1848, d. 14 Feb. 1930, married Rebecca Patterson 1875.

Ellis b. 22 Jul. 1852, d. 11 Jan. 1915, married Catherine P. Howard in 1884.

Lydia A. b. 19 Jul. 1853, d. 14 Jun. 1927, unmarried.

Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT OF THE RECORDS The collection contains family correspondence of the Haines family and the diaries of Anna P. Haines (1870, 1881-93, 1895, 1896, 1916). Correspondents include their oldest son, T. Harvey Haines, particularly while he was a student at Westtown School. Also includes letters of Zebedee Haines to his wife, describing his visits to Tunesassa and to native American groups in Nova Scotia with Joseph S. Elkinton in 1903, and of his daughter, Mary Elizabeth Haines, who taught at Tunesassa from 1908-09.

The letters in this collection reveal a family deeply involved with meetings, committees, and concerns of the Society of Friends, as well as with local affairs, family, friends, and farm life.

Arrangement The collection is divided into four series:

Added entries

  • Friends Boarding School for Indian Children (Tunesassa, N.Y.).
  • Indians of North America -- Education.
  • Indians of North America -- New York (State).
  • Indians of North America -- Nova Scotia.
  • Nova Scotia -- Quakers.
  • Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Orthodox: 1827-1955)--Indian Committee.
  • Quakers -- Pennsylvania.
  • Quakers -- Social life and Customs.
  • Quakers -- Social service.
  • Seneca Indians -- Education.
  • Society of Friends -- Indians.
  • West Grove (Pa.)-- Quakers.
  • Westtown Boarding School.
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Elkinton, Joseph Scotton, 1830-1905.
  • Haines, Anna P. (Anna Philips), 1849-1924.
  • Haines, Mary Elizabeth, 1886-1920.
  • Haines, T. Harvey (Thomas Harvey), b. 1871.
  • Haines, Zebedee, 1843-1923
Processed by: Finding Aid Prepared by FHL staff
Date: 1983
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical ps and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.
Sponsor: Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries


Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1. Genealogical material
Box 1

Ser. 2. Correspondence, 1857-1922, n.d.

Letters of the Harvey family 1857-1869 Box 1

Letters to and from members of the Haines family 1867-1922, n.d. Box 1

Ser. 3. Writings, 1870-1916

Pocket diaries of Anna P. Haines 1870, 1881-1893, 1895, 1896, and 1916 Box 1

Brief ms. history of West Grove schools ca. 1904 Box 1

Ser. 4. Meeting papers, 1899-1918

Travelling Minutes for Zebedee and Anna P. Haines
Zebedee was a minister and Anna an Elder of New Garden Monthly Meeting, Chester Co.
June 1899 Box 1

Letter (draft) from Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, Meeting for Sufferings, to New York Yearly Meeting
cConcerning arbitration as a means of settling disputes.
May 1908 Box 1

Letter from William T. Elkinton
Concerning money due to Zebedee Haines from the Pemberton Fund of the Yearly Meeting.
1918 Box 1

Copy of poem from Friends' Calendar Box 1