Table of contents
Mary Ellicott Arnold (1876-1968) was a Quaker writer and social activist, known for her work with consumer cooperatives. After an unsuccessful farming venture in her youth, Mary Ellicott Arnold and her lifelong companion, Mabel Reed, worked with the Karok Indians in California as employees of the United States Indian Bureau. After a period as chief organizer for the U.S. Employment Service in New York State, she and Mabel Reed were involved in a number of successful cooperative ventures. She was an early Treasurer of the Cooperative League, was very active in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and was a member of Providence Monthly Meeting, Media, Pennsylvania. The collection includes correspondence, financial papers, notebooks, reports, and clippings concerning Mary Ellicott Arnold's varied activities. Correspondents include Wallace J. Campbell, Moses Coady, Darlington Hoopes, George Meany, Richard H. Rhoads, and many others.
|1876||Born, April 23, at New Brighton, New York City.|
|1894||Attended Drexel Institute, Philadelphia, Pa.|
|1901-6?||Farming on the Reed family farm with Mabel Reed, her lifelong companion.|
|1908||Work with the Karok Indians in California.|
|1910-14||Organized two cafeterias in Ithaca, New York to instruct students at Cornell in dietetics.|
|1915-16||Special studies in economics at the University of California.|
|1918||Chief Organizer, U. S. Employment Service for the State of New York.|
|1919-37||Managed 10 cafeterias and a 12-story cooperative apartment house for the Consumers Cooperative Services in New York City.|
|1937-39||Organized three cooperative housing projects for coal miners in Nova Scotia.|
|1939-40||Administrator of land settlement program for fishermen in Newfoundland.|
|1940-42||Organized credit unions for lobster fishermen in Maine.|
|1942||Visit to relocation camp for Japanese-Americans at Poston, Arizona.|
|1943||Began work with the Philadelphia Area Cooperative Federation.|
|1947-49||Organized, cooperative housing project, Tanguy Homesteads, Glen Mills, Pa.|
|1949||Interim Coordinator, Eastern Cooperatives, Inc.|
|1950-52||Planning for Cheyney Cooperative Homesteads, Cheyney, Pa. Proposal abandoned before work began, 1952.|
|1954-57||Chairman, Finance Committee of the Pennsylvania Branch of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; Treasurer, Jane Addams House, Philadelphia, Pa.|
|1958-63||Work for Indian rights.|
Additional Authors and Contributors
Ser. 1. Biographical material, 1864-1976, n.d.
|Clippings, memorials, autobiographical notes by Mary Ellicott Arnold|
|Biographical material concerning the following|
|Ellicott family||1950-1955||Box 1|
|John Bidwell||1907-1958||Box 1|
|Lillian Ellicott Tomkins--estate papers||1960-1961||Box 1|
|Lucie Parker--estate papers||1955-1961||Box 1|
|Alfred A. Woodhull||1922||Box 1|
|Scrapbook relating to the Ellicott family||1864-1976||Box 1|
Ser. 2. General correspondence, 1888-1970
|Letters sent and received by Mary Ellicott Arnold, arranged
chronologically. Includes correspondence with the following individuals: Roland
N. Benjamin, E.R. Bowen, Wallace Campbell, Moses M. Coady, Dorothy Conklin,
Hartley Cross, Darlinton Hoopes, Dorothy Kenyon, W.J. Lockwood, Goron Loveless,
C.J. McLanahan, Roy McCorkle, George Meany, Thelma Pence, Viola Pfrommer, Jane
and Richard Rhoads, A.G. Shaffer, Howard Leland Smith, Geore Tichenor, James J.
"Jimmy" Tompkins, Lillian "Tety" Arnold Tompkins.
|Correspondence||January-June 1943||Box 2|
|Correspondence||July-December 1943||Box 2|
|Correspondence||January-April 1947||Box 2|
|Correspondence||May-August 1947||Box 2|
|Correspondence||September-December 1947||Box 2|
|Correspondence||Jan.-August 1948||Box 3|
|Correspondence||September-December 1948||Box 3|
|Correspondence||January-June 1949||Box 3|
|Correspondence||July-December 1949||Box 3|
|Correspondence||January-June 1950||Box 3|
|Correspondence||July-December 1950||Box 3|
|Correspondence||January-June 1952||Box 4|
|Correspondence||July-December 1952||Box 4|
|Correspondence||January-May 1958||Box 4|
|Correspondence||June-December 1958||Box 4|
Ser.3. Special correspondence, 1938-1969
|Letters regarding certain subjects or persons, arranged
alphabetically by subjects listed below. Folder with undated letters and
fragments at end of series.
|Acknowledgements for gifts to Europe||1954-1956||Box 5|
|Automobile accident||1955||Box 5|
|Cousins of Mary Ellicott Arnolds Carroll and Eilif Hanssen, Margaret and Bob Henderson, Marion Satterlee||Box 5|
|Financial papers||1957-1968||Box 5|
|Friends and acquaintances of MEA, list of names and addresses||1960's||Box 5|
|Hall, Nelle and Elliott||Box 5|
The Kunn family were Estonian refugees during World War II.
|Radcliffe Women's Archives, where some of MEA's papers are deposited||1958-1962||Box 5|
|Reed, Margaret (sister of Mabel Reed)||1961-1963||Box 5|
|Reidel, Anna||1942-1959||Box 5|
|Taylor, John Tucker (student sponsored by MEA)||Box 6|
|Tompkins, Lillian Arnold (sister of MEA)||1938-1960||Box 6|
|Vantage Press, regarding publication of In the Land of the Grasshopper Song: a Story of Two Girls in Indian Country in 1908-09, by Mary Ellicott Arnold and Mabel Reed||1954-1966||Box 6|
Ser. 4. Early work with cooperatives, 1919-1942
|Consumers Cooperative Services, New York City
Mary Ellicott Arnold and Mabel Reed managed 10 cafeterias and a 12-story apartment house.
|Nova Scotia, cooperative housing for miners, 1937-1939|
|Account books for construction of houses||Box 6|
|Blueprints for houses||Box 6|
|Extension dept., St Francis Xavier University,
Antigonish, Nova Scotia
The pioneering adult education work of James J. Tompkins and Moses M. Coady provided much of the inspiration and leadership for the housing project. Folder of writings by and about Coady and Tompkins together with notes by MEA.
|History, notes by MEA||Box 7|
|"The Miner's Wife: A Cooperative Play or Musical Comedy, If You Prefer," written by MEA and miners involved in the projects.||Box 7|
|Plans and specifications for the houses||Box 7|
|Newfoundland, Ledger||1939-1940, July 1940|
|MEA's notes on land settlement program.||Box 7|
|MEA's notes and pictures on organizing credit unions, cooperative stores, etc., for lobster fishermen||Box 7|
|Lobster Fishermen in Maine, reports 1-9 by MEA|
|Maine Cooperatives (periodical)||1941-1943 [with gaps]||Box 7|
Ser. 5. Consumers cooperatives, 1940-1956
|Writings on cooperatives, by Mary Ellicott Arnold, E. R. Bowen, Joseph Knapp, and others.||Box 7|
|Cooperative League of the U.S.A (CLUSA), 1946-1956
MEA's personal files and notes, not intended as a complete organizational record.
Includes notes by MEA for earlier years.
|1946, 1948, 1956||Box 7|
|Board of Directors: minutes||1946-1949||Box 7|
|Executive Secretary, Horace Jeremiah "Jerry"
Voorhis, Reports and writings
Including MEA's summary of his book Out of Debt, Out of Danger: Proposals for War Finance and Tomorrow's Money (New York: Devin-Adair, Co., 1943).
|Finances: financial statement, budget||1946; 1949||Box 8|
Includes origin of cooperative movement in England by "Rochdale pioneers." Contains list of early Directors of CLUSA, with some writings by James Peter Warbasse, 1st President.
|Program: "What Is the Cooperative League of the United States? What Is Its Program and Purpose?" Chicago: CLUSA||1948?||(mimeographed)||Box 8|
|"A 4-Year Plan for the Cooperative League of the U.S.A. Chicago: CLUSA"||[1950?]||(mimeographed)||Box 8|
|Eastern Cooperatives, Inc., 1945-1952
File kept by MEA particularly regarding the 120 days in 1949 when she served as Interim Coordinator. Not a complete organizational record, many gaps throughout.
|Annual meeting: reports||1945-1949||Box 8|
|Board of Directors
Includes MEA's reports on her 120 days as Interim Coordinator, 1949.
|Bureau for Cooperative Field Research
Educational leaflets, mostly prepared by MEA.
|Demonstration Field Service: Suggested program||1947||Box 8|
|Educational program||1950||Box 8|
Includes MEA's notes for earlier years.
|Meeting of Federation Representatives||Sept. 8-9, 1945||Box 8|
List of member stores, investments, quotas.
|Warehouses: reports||1947-1951||Box 8|
|Mid-Eastern Cooperatives, 1951-1952
Mid-Eastern Cooperatives was a regional subsidiary of Eastern Cooperatives, Inc., founded October, 1951.
|History and structure||Box 9|
With MEA's notes, 1947-1951.
|Philadelphia Area Cooperative Federation
MEA's personal files. She began work with PACF in 1943.
|Education and extension,||1944-1952||Box 9|
|History and structure
Includes articles of incorporation by-laws, membership requirements.
|Member societies, 1943-1949
Four folders of material, arranged alphabetically by the name of the society--2 folders of material on the Media society.
|Member societies, financial reports||Box 10|
|Minutes, agendas, reports||1943-1949||Box 10|
|Newsletters and clippings||1944-1946||Box 10|
Ser. 6. Cooperative housing, 1930-1965
|Cooperative housing, New
York City, 1930-1965
Includes Rochdale Housing Corp., Abraham Kazan.
Homesteads, Glen Mills, PA., 1947-1949
MEA served as an advisor to the project, 1949.
|Account books for construction of individual houses: "Basic house," James House, Palmer House.||Box 10|
|History and development plan.||Box 10|
|Cheyney Cooperative Homesteads,
Cheyney, Pa., 1950-1952
Attempt by 16 families to form a cooperative to build houses on 18 acre of land in rural area near Philadelphia. MEA provided guidance and leadership, but ultimately cooperative dissolved and houses were never built.
|Articles of incorporation||Box 10|
|Budget estimates||Box 10|
|Construction costs and bids||Box 10|
|Mortgage applications||Box 10|
|History and chronology||Box 11|
|Building specifications||Box 11|
|Plot layouts||Box 11|
Ser. 7. Indians of North America, 1915-1963
|Primarily Mary Ellicott Arnold's
writings (articles and notes) on Indian history, treaties, and mistreatment at
the hands of white settlers. Also included are articles, clippings, reports,
and newsletters collected by MEA, largely from organizations working for Indian
rights. Most of the material dates from the 1950's and 1960's. Arranged
alphabetically by subject.
|American Indian Development, Inc.|
|Quarterly report||April-June, 1959||Box 12|
|Workshop on American Indian Affairs, reports||1962, 1965||Box 12|
|Association on American Indian Affairs|
|Newsletters, reports, clippings||1948-1962||Box 12|
|Friends, Society of|
|Reports, correspondence, notes regarding Quaker
activity on behalf of Indians
Included is text of an "Indian Pageant", written by Mary Ellicott Arnold and performed at Chester Quarterly Meeting, April 26, 1958
|Articles, reports, clippings from various sources, mostly concerning violation of Indian rights||1915-1963||Box 12|
See also: Series 11. Notebooks: Writings of MEA on Indian history and culture, including relations with early white settlers. Also contains material used by MEA in her talks to teachers in the Philadelphia schools, and for her course "Ten Little Indians."
|1959||(4 folders)||Box 12|
collected by MEA
re: lands taken from the Senecas in New York and Pennsylvania to build Kinzua Dam.
|Bills, reports on proposed legislation before Congress||1955-1957||Box 13|
|Maps, hand drawn by MEA||Box 13|
|National Congress of American Indians Reports, articles||1955-1959||Box 13|
|Southwest trip: diary, notes, reports by MEA||1956||Box 13|
|Tribes, General, MEA's writings||Box 13|
|"The Arizona Indian Child
Goes to School"
Report prepared by Mamie Sizemore for the Division of Indian Education, Arizona State Department of Public Instruction. Contains a chapter on Indian tribes of Arizona.
|Announcements and reviews of In the Land of the
Grasshopper Song: A Story of Two Girls in Indian Country in 1908-9, by Mary
Ellicott Arnold and Mabel Reed
New York: Vantage Press, 1957
|Tribes, Karok (and Klamath)||Box 13|
|Clippings, pictures, notes, some relating to In the Land of the Grasshopper Song||Box 13|
|Material collected about the Klamath Termination Act||1955-1957||Box 13|
|Tribes, Navajos and Hopis: Notes, articles, clippings||Box 14|
|Tribes, New Perces||(2 folders)|
|Writings of MEA, including text of "The Nez Perces: a Pageant in Eight Scenes."||Box 14|
|Tribes, Plains Indians||Box 14|
|Notes, pictures, articles||Box 14|
|Tribes, Southern Indians|
|Writings of MEA||Box 14|
Ser. 8. Other activities of Mary Ellicott Arnold
|Hedgerow Theatre, Moylan, PA||(3 folders)|
|Financial records, mainly accounts kept by MEA||1953-1958||Box 14|
|Official papers articles of incorporation, bylaws, plan of operation, notes from meetings||1951-1958||Box 14|
|Japanese relocation camp, Poston, AZ
MEA visited the camp in August 1942 (or 1943?)
|National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Media Branch): Financial reports, articles, clippings||(2 folders)|
Ser. 9. Quaker activities and writings, 1953-1963
|See also Ser. 7, Indians of North America
|General Quaker writings, 1952-1953||Box 15|
|First-day School teaching notes||1956-1963||Box 15|
|First-day School discussion notes||1963||Box 15|
|Chester Quarterly Meeting||1958-1961||Box 15|
|Chichester Meeting||1953||Box 15|
|Providence Meeting: Finances||1962||Box 15|
|Providence-Media Joint Peace Committee, 1953-1957|
|Minutes and reports||1953-1957||Box 15|
|Meetings, lectures, and forums||1953-1954||Box 15|
|Peace questionnaire||1953-1954||Box 15|
Ser. 10. Pictures and Memorabilia
|Pictures and memorabilia||(2 folders)||Box 15|
Ser. 11. Notebooks of Mary Ellicott Arnold, 1960, n.d.
|Excerpts from various authors or topics including: Israel, Natural Law, Foreign Policy, History and Philosophy||Box 15|
|Book of short quotations on a variety of subjects||Box 15|
|"Talks to Teachers"
Foncerning Indians of North America.
|Indians and Other Americans: outline and notes of book by Fey and McNickle||Box 15|
|"Saint Mark - Saint Matthew Compared": notes on the Gospels of Saint Mark and Saint Matthew||Box 15|