An Inventory of the Mary Ellicott Arnold Papers, 1888-1970

(16 boxes; 8 linear ft.)

RG 5/003


©Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College.  
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081-1399 U.S.A.  

Seal of Swarthmore College
Table of contents
Abstract
Mary Ellicott Arnold (1876-1968) was a Quaker writer and social activist, known for her work with consumer cooperatives. After an unsuccessful farming venture in her youth, Mary Ellicott Arnold and her lifelong companion, Mabel Reed, worked with the Karok Indians in California as employees of the United States Indian Bureau. After a period as chief organizer for the U.S. Employment Service in New York State, she and Mabel Reed were involved in a number of successful cooperative ventures. She was an early Treasurer of the Cooperative League, was very active in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and was a member of Providence Monthly Meeting, Media, Pennsylvania. The collection includes correspondence, financial papers, notebooks, reports, and clippings concerning Mary Ellicott Arnold's varied activities. Correspondents include Wallace J. Campbell, Moses Coady, Darlington Hoopes, George Meany, Richard H. Rhoads, and many others.

Background note:
BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL NOTE Mary Ellicott Arnold (1876-1968) was a Quaker writer and social activist, known for her work with consumer cooperatives. After an unsuccessful farming venture in her youth, Mary Ellicott Arnold and her lifelong companion, Mabel Reed, worked with the Karok Indians in California as employees of the United States Indian Bureau. After a period as chief organizer for the U.S. Employment Service in New York State, she and Mabel Reed were involved in a number of successful cooperative ventures, including cafeterias and an apartment building in New York City, miners' housing in Nova Scotia, cooperative credit unions among lobster fishermen in Maine, and the Tanguy and Cheyney Cooperative Homesteads in the Philadelphia area. She was an early Treasurer of the Cooperative League, was very active in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and was a member of Providence Monthly Meeting, Media, Pennsylvania.

1876 Born, April 23, at New Brighton, New York City.
1894 Attended Drexel Institute, Philadelphia, Pa.
1901-6? Farming on the Reed family farm with Mabel Reed, her lifelong companion.
1908 Work with the Karok Indians in California.
1910-14 Organized two cafeterias in Ithaca, New York to instruct students at Cornell in dietetics.
1915-16 Special studies in economics at the University of California.
1918 Chief Organizer, U. S. Employment Service for the State of New York.
1919-37 Managed 10 cafeterias and a 12-story cooperative apartment house for the Consumers Cooperative Services in New York City.
1937-39 Organized three cooperative housing projects for coal miners in Nova Scotia.
1939-40 Administrator of land settlement program for fishermen in Newfoundland.
1940-42 Organized credit unions for lobster fishermen in Maine.
1942 Visit to relocation camp for Japanese-Americans at Poston, Arizona.
1943 Began work with the Philadelphia Area Cooperative Federation.
1947-49 Organized, cooperative housing project, Tanguy Homesteads, Glen Mills, Pa.
1949 Interim Coordinator, Eastern Cooperatives, Inc.
1950-52 Planning for Cheyney Cooperative Homesteads, Cheyney, Pa. Proposal abandoned before work began, 1952.
1954-57 Chairman, Finance Committee of the Pennsylvania Branch of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; Treasurer, Jane Addams House, Philadelphia, Pa.
1958-63 Work for Indian rights.
Scope and content
SCOPE AND CONTENT OF THE RECORDS The collection includes correspondence, financial papers, notebooks, reports, and clippings concerning Mary Ellicott Arnold's varied activities. Correspondents include Wallace J. Campbell, Moses Coady, Darlington Hoopes, George Meany, Richard H. Rhoads, and many others.

Arrangement
Arrangement The collection is divided into eleven series:


Added entries

Subjects
  • Fishermen
  • Housing, Cooperative
  • Indians of North America -- Civil rights
  • Karok Indians
  • Miners
  • Nova Scotia - Economic conditions
  • Pennsylvania -- Quakers
  • Quaker social reformers
  • Quaker women
  • Quakers -- Pennsylvania
  • Working class -- Dwellings
Additional Authors and Contributors
  • Campbell, Wallace J.
  • Coady, Moses, 1882-1959
  • Hoopes, Darlington, b. 1896
  • Meany, George, b.1894
  • Reed, Mabel
  • Rhoads, Richard H. (Richard Harlan), b. 1909
  • Rochdale Institute
  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Credits
Processed by: Finding Aid Prepared by FHL staff
Date: 1979
Restrictions: Use Restrictions Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.
Sponsor: Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries


Inventory

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE RECORDS
Notes
Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below:

Ser. 1. Biographical material, 1864-1976, n.d.

Clippings, memorials, autobiographical notes by Mary Ellicott Arnold

Biographical material concerning the following

Ellicott family 1950-1955 Box 1

John Bidwell 1907-1958 Box 1

Lillian Ellicott Tomkins--estate papers 1960-1961 Box 1

Lucie Parker--estate papers 1955-1961 Box 1

Alfred A. Woodhull 1922 Box 1

Scrapbook relating to the Ellicott family 1864-1976 Box 1

Ser. 2. General correspondence, 1888-1970
Letters sent and received by Mary Ellicott Arnold, arranged chronologically. Includes correspondence with the following individuals: Roland N. Benjamin, E.R. Bowen, Wallace Campbell, Moses M. Coady, Dorothy Conklin, Hartley Cross, Darlinton Hoopes, Dorothy Kenyon, W.J. Lockwood, Goron Loveless, C.J. McLanahan, Roy McCorkle, George Meany, Thelma Pence, Viola Pfrommer, Jane and Richard Rhoads, A.G. Shaffer, Howard Leland Smith, Geore Tichenor, James J. "Jimmy" Tompkins, Lillian "Tety" Arnold Tompkins.


Correspondence 1888-1918 Box 2

Correspondence 1931-1939 Box 2

Correspondence 1940-1941 Box 2

Correspondence 1942 Box 2

Correspondence January-June 1943 Box 2

Correspondence July-December 1943 Box 2

Correspondence 1944-45 Box 2

Correspondence 1946 Box 2

Correspondence January-April 1947 Box 2

Correspondence May-August 1947 Box 2

Correspondence September-December 1947 Box 2

Correspondence Jan.-August 1948 Box 3

Correspondence September-December 1948 Box 3

Correspondence January-June 1949 Box 3

Correspondence July-December 1949 Box 3

Correspondence January-June 1950 Box 3

Correspondence July-December 1950 Box 3

Correspondence 1951 Box 3

Correspondence January-June 1952 Box 4

Correspondence July-December 1952 Box 4

Correspondence 1953 Box 4

Correspondence 1954 Box 4

Correspondence 1955 Box 4

Correspondence 1956 Box 4

Correspondence 1957 Box 4

Correspondence January-May 1958 Box 4

Correspondence June-December 1958 Box 4

Correspondence 1959 Box 4

Correspondence 1960-1961 Box 5

Correspondence 1962-1963 Box 5

Correspondence 1964-1965 Box 5

Correspondence 1966 Box 5

Correspondence 1967-70 Box 5

Ser.3. Special correspondence, 1938-1969
Letters regarding certain subjects or persons, arranged alphabetically by subjects listed below. Folder with undated letters and fragments at end of series.


Acknowledgements for gifts to Europe 1954-1956 Box 5

Automobile accident 1955 Box 5

Cousins of Mary Ellicott Arnolds Carroll and Eilif Hanssen, Margaret and Bob Henderson, Marion Satterlee Box 5

Financial papers 1957-1968 Box 5

Friends and acquaintances of MEA, list of names and addresses 1960's Box 5

Hall, Nelle and Elliott Box 5

Kuun family
The Kunn family were Estonian refugees during World War II.
n.d. Box 5

Correspondence 1966 Box 5

Radcliffe Women's Archives, where some of MEA's papers are deposited 1958-1962 Box 5

Reed, Margaret (sister of Mabel Reed) 1961-1963 Box 5

Reidel, Anna 1942-1959 Box 5

Taylor, John Tucker (student sponsored by MEA) Box 6

Tompkins, Lillian Arnold (sister of MEA) 1938-1960 Box 6

Vantage Press, regarding publication of In the Land of the Grasshopper Song: a Story of Two Girls in Indian Country in 1908-09, by Mary Ellicott Arnold and Mabel Reed 1954-1966 Box 6

Ser. 4. Early work with cooperatives, 1919-1942

Consumers Cooperative Services, New York City
Mary Ellicott Arnold and Mabel Reed managed 10 cafeterias and a 12-story apartment house.
1919-1937 Box 6

Nova Scotia, cooperative housing for miners, 1937-1939

Account books for construction of houses Box 6

Blueprints for houses Box 6

Extension dept., St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia
The pioneering adult education work of James J. Tompkins and Moses M. Coady provided much of the inspiration and leadership for the housing project. Folder of writings by and about Coady and Tompkins together with notes by MEA.
Box 7

History, notes by MEA Box 7

"The Miner's Wife: A Cooperative Play or Musical Comedy, If You Prefer," written by MEA and miners involved in the projects. Box 7

Plans and specifications for the houses Box 7

Newfoundland, Ledger 1939-1940, July 1940

MEA's notes on land settlement program. Box 7

Maine, 1940-1943

MEA's notes and pictures on organizing credit unions, cooperative stores, etc., for lobster fishermen Box 7

Lobster Fishermen in Maine, reports 1-9 by MEA

Maine Cooperatives (periodical) 1941-1943 [with gaps] Box 7

Ser. 5. Consumers cooperatives, 1940-1956

Writings on cooperatives, by Mary Ellicott Arnold, E. R. Bowen, Joseph Knapp, and others. Box 7

Cooperative League of the U.S.A (CLUSA), 1946-1956
MEA's personal files and notes, not intended as a complete organizational record.

Biennial Congresses,
Includes notes by MEA for earlier years.
1946, 1948, 1956 Box 7

Board of Directors: minutes 1946-1949 Box 7

Executive Secretary, Horace Jeremiah "Jerry" Voorhis, Reports and writings
Including MEA's summary of his book Out of Debt, Out of Danger: Proposals for War Finance and Tomorrow's Money (New York: Devin-Adair, Co., 1943).
1947-1953 Box 7

Finances: financial statement, budget 1946; 1949 Box 8

History
Includes origin of cooperative movement in England by "Rochdale pioneers." Contains list of early Directors of CLUSA, with some writings by James Peter Warbasse, 1st President.
Box 8

Program: "What Is the Cooperative League of the United States? What Is Its Program and Purpose?" Chicago: CLUSA 1948? (mimeographed) Box 8

"A 4-Year Plan for the Cooperative League of the U.S.A. Chicago: CLUSA" [1950?] (mimeographed) Box 8

Eastern Cooperatives, Inc., 1945-1952 (ECI)
File kept by MEA particularly regarding the 120 days in 1949 when she served as Interim Coordinator. Not a complete organizational record, many gaps throughout.

Annual meeting: reports 1945-1949 Box 8

Board of Directors
Includes MEA's reports on her 120 days as Interim Coordinator, 1949.
1947-1949 Box 8

Bureau for Cooperative Field Research
Educational leaflets, mostly prepared by MEA.

Demonstration Field Service: Suggested program 1947 Box 8

Educational program 1950 Box 8

Finances w
Includes MEA's notes for earlier years.
1948-1952 Box 8

Meeting of Federation Representatives Sept. 8-9, 1945 Box 8

Member societies
List of member stores, investments, quotas.
1946-1951 Box 8

Warehouses: reports 1947-1951 Box 8

Mid-Eastern Cooperatives, 1951-1952
Mid-Eastern Cooperatives was a regional subsidiary of Eastern Cooperatives, Inc., founded October, 1951.
Box 9

Finances 1951-1952 Box 9

History and structure Box 9

Member societies
With MEA's notes, 1947-1951.
1951 Box 9

Philadelphia Area Cooperative Federation (PACF), 1940-1952
MEA's personal files. She began work with PACF in 1943.

Education and extension, 1944-1952 Box 9

Finances 1944-1946 Box 9

History and structure
Includes articles of incorporation by-laws, membership requirements.
1940-1946 Box 9

Member societies, 1943-1949
Four folders of material, arranged alphabetically by the name of the society--2 folders of material on the Media society.
Box 9

Member societies, financial reports Box 10

Minutes, agendas, reports 1943-1949 Box 10

Newsletters and clippings 1944-1946 Box 10

Ser. 6. Cooperative housing, 1930-1965

Cooperative housing, New York City, 1930-1965
Includes Rochdale Housing Corp., Abraham Kazan.

Tanguy Homesteads, Glen Mills, PA., 1947-1949
MEA served as an advisor to the project, 1949.

Account books for construction of individual houses: "Basic house," James House, Palmer House. Box 10

History and development plan. Box 10

Cheyney Cooperative Homesteads, Cheyney, Pa., 1950-1952
Attempt by 16 families to form a cooperative to build houses on 18 acre of land in rural area near Philadelphia. MEA provided guidance and leadership, but ultimately cooperative dissolved and houses were never built.

Articles of incorporation Box 10

Finances

Budget estimates Box 10

Construction costs and bids Box 10

Mortgage applications Box 10

History and chronology Box 11

Membership Box 11

Planning

Blueprints Box 11

Building specifications Box 11

Plot layouts Box 11

Publicity Box 11

Ser. 7. Indians of North America, 1915-1963
Primarily Mary Ellicott Arnold's writings (articles and notes) on Indian history, treaties, and mistreatment at the hands of white settlers. Also included are articles, clippings, reports, and newsletters collected by MEA, largely from organizations working for Indian rights. Most of the material dates from the 1950's and 1960's. Arranged alphabetically by subject.


American Indian Development, Inc.

Quarterly report April-June, 1959 Box 12

Workshop on American Indian Affairs, reports 1962, 1965 Box 12

Association on American Indian Affairs

Newsletters, reports, clippings 1948-1962 Box 12

Friends, Society of

Reports, correspondence, notes regarding Quaker activity on behalf of Indians
Included is text of an "Indian Pageant", written by Mary Ellicott Arnold and performed at Chester Quarterly Meeting, April 26, 1958
1954-1958 Box 12

General (3 folders)

Articles, reports, clippings from various sources, mostly concerning violation of Indian rights 1915-1963 Box 12

History
See also: Series 11. Notebooks: Writings of MEA on Indian history and culture, including relations with early white settlers. Also contains material used by MEA in her talks to teachers in the Philadelphia schools, and for her course "Ten Little Indians."
1959 (4 folders) Box 12

Kinzua Dam

Reports, clippings collected by MEA
re: lands taken from the Senecas in New York and Pennsylvania to build Kinzua Dam.
1957-1963 Box 13

Legislation

Bills, reports on proposed legislation before Congress 1955-1957 Box 13

Maps, hand drawn by MEA Box 13

National Congress of American Indians Reports, articles 1955-1959 Box 13

Southwest trip: diary, notes, reports by MEA 1956 Box 13

Tribes, General, MEA's writings Box 13

Tribes, Arizona

"The Arizona Indian Child Goes to School"
Report prepared by Mamie Sizemore for the Division of Indian Education, Arizona State Department of Public Instruction. Contains a chapter on Indian tribes of Arizona.
Box 13

Tribes, Karok

Announcements and reviews of In the Land of the Grasshopper Song: A Story of Two Girls in Indian Country in 1908-9, by Mary Ellicott Arnold and Mabel Reed
New York: Vantage Press, 1957
Box 13

Tribes, Karok (and Klamath) Box 13

Clippings, pictures, notes, some relating to In the Land of the Grasshopper Song Box 13

Tribes, Klamath

Material collected about the Klamath Termination Act 1955-1957 Box 13

Tribes, Navajos and Hopis: Notes, articles, clippings Box 14

Tribes, New Perces (2 folders)

Writings of MEA, including text of "The Nez Perces: a Pageant in Eight Scenes." Box 14

Tribes, Plains Indians Box 14

Notes, pictures, articles Box 14

Tribes, Southern Indians

Writings of MEA Box 14

Ser. 8. Other activities of Mary Ellicott Arnold

Hedgerow Theatre, Moylan, PA (3 folders)

Correspondence 1958-1963 Box 14

Financial records, mainly accounts kept by MEA 1953-1958 Box 14

Official papers articles of incorporation, bylaws, plan of operation, notes from meetings 1951-1958 Box 14

Japanese relocation camp, Poston, AZ
MEA visited the camp in August 1942 (or 1943?)

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Media Branch): Financial reports, articles, clippings (2 folders)

Ser. 9. Quaker activities and writings, 1953-1963
See also Ser. 7, Indians of North America


General Quaker writings, 1952-1953 Box 15

First-day School teaching notes 1956-1963 Box 15

First-day School discussion notes 1963 Box 15

Chester Quarterly Meeting 1958-1961 Box 15

Chichester Meeting 1953 Box 15

Providence Meeting: Finances 1962 Box 15

Providence-Media Joint Peace Committee, 1953-1957

Minutes and reports 1953-1957 Box 15

Meetings, lectures, and forums 1953-1954 Box 15

Peace questionnaire 1953-1954 Box 15

Ser. 10. Pictures and Memorabilia

Pictures and memorabilia (2 folders) Box 15

Ser. 11. Notebooks of Mary Ellicott Arnold, 1960, n.d.

Excerpts from various authors or topics including: Israel, Natural Law, Foreign Policy, History and Philosophy Box 15

Book of short quotations on a variety of subjects Box 15

"Talks to Teachers"
Foncerning Indians of North America.
1960 Box 15

Indians and Other Americans: outline and notes of book by Fey and McNickle Box 15

"Saint Mark - Saint Matthew Compared": notes on the Gospels of Saint Mark and Saint Matthew Box 15