in Nantucket, Massachusetts, Lucretia Coffin was sent by her family
to be educated at the Quaker Nine Partners Boarding School in Duchess
County, NY, where she later became a teacher. In 1811 she married James
Mott, also a teacher at the school and settled in Philadelphia, where
they both became active in the anti-slavery movement. The Motts joined
with other abolitionists to found the American Anti-Slavery Society
in 1833. Lucretia also helped to found the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery
Society. Their Philadelphia home was a sanctuary for runaway slaves.
Their anti-slavery activities took them to London, in 1840, as delegates
to the first world antislavery convention, but women were not seated
as delegates. While in London she became friends with Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, and both then resolved to work together for the equality of
women. In 1848 the two women, joined by Jane Hunt, Mary Ann McClintock
and Martha Coffin Wright, organized a convention "to discuss the
social, civil, and religious rights of women" to be held at Seneca
Falls New York. Demands written in "The Declaration of Sentiments,"
called for an end to social and legal discrimination against women,
signaled the beginning of the women's suffrage movement in the United
States. "Certain that education was the best way of opposing superstition
and fostering moral reform," Lucretia Mott chaired a committee
of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Hicksite) advocating better schools.
Her work and commitment to education for women led, in part, to the
founding of Swarthmore College, as well as the Female Medical College
of Pennsylvania and the School of Design for Women (today, the Moore
College of Art).