Selected Examples

You should use either italics or underlining for book, journal, and film titles.

Short stories, poems that were not published separately, and journal article titles are among those items that are cited using quotation marks.

Note also that University Presses may be abbreviated, as shown in the example citing an article in an edited volume of essays on John Cage.

The simplest citation is from a work by a single author:

Welty, Eudora. The Optimist's Daughter. New York: Random House, 1972.

With a book that has been reprinted, your end citation should if possible give both the date of original publication and then full information about the edition you are using:

Austen, Jane. Persuasion. 1818; rpt. New York: Penguin, 1965.

With a journal or periodical article be sure to give volume and issue numbers, publication date, page numbers, etc.:

Clark, Vévé. "The Legend of Maya Deren: A Documentary Biography and Collected Works." Film Culture 72.1 (Spring, 1985): 1-22. [72.1 means Volume 72, Issue #1. Convert all Roman numerals to Arabic numbers.]

An essay in an edited volume. Note that the editors as well as the author are listed and that the page numbers for the specific article are given at the end of the citation:

Herwitz, Daniel. "Poethics: John Cage and Stanley Cavell at the Crossroads of Ethical Theory." John Cage: Composed in America. Ed. Marjorie Perloff and Charles Junkerman. Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 1994. 206-25.

With a translation, be sure to credit both the author and the translator:

Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and Its Discontents. Ed. and Trans. James Strachey. New York: Norton, 1962.

With material downloaded from the Internet or another electronic source, give all the relevant information that is available-including the document title and author, the title and electronic address of the Home Page, etc.

For more detailed and wide-ranging examples involving citing printed texts, see the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, available in McCabe or in the Bookstore.