French and Francophone Studies

HANSJAKOB WERLEN, Professor and Acting Chair
ELEONORE BAGINSKI, Administrative Coordinator

French
JEAN-VINCENT BLANCHARD, Professor
MICHELINE RICE-MAXIMIN, Associate Professor
CARINA YERVASI, Associate Professor 2
ALEXANDRA GUEYDAN-TUREK, Assistant Professor 1
YASMINA VALLVERDU, Visiting Lecturer
ARNAUD COURGEY, Visiting Lecturer

Language Resource Center
MICHAEL JONES, Language Resource Center Director
ALEXANDER SAVOTH, Language Resource Center Technologist

1 Absent on leave, fall 2013.
2 Absent on leave, spring 2014.

French and Francophone Studies

In French and francophone studies, you will be introduced to important periods and figures of literatures written in French and films made in the French-speaking world. You will expand your knowledge and appreciation of the diversity of French-speaking cultures and develop an appreciation of literary value by receiving training in literary and critical analysis. Courses in French and Francophone studies provide an opportunity to understand the historical and social forces underlying these various literatures and cultures.

The Academic Program

French and francophone studies is offered as a major or minor in the Course Program and as a major or minor in honors. The prerequisite to take upper-level courses (numbered 20 and higher) for both course and honors students is FREN 012, the equivalent, or evidence of special competence.

All French and francophone studies majors and minors, including students preparing a secondary school certificate, are required to complete a study abroad program in a French-speaking country.

Majors and minors in the Course and Honors Programs are expected to be proficient in spoken and written French to do the larger part of their work in French, i.e., discussions and papers in courses and seminars and all oral and written examinations, including oral defense of the senior paper and Honors examinations.

Course Major

Requirements

  1. Take eight advanced courses or seminars numbered 004 or above for a minimum of 8 credits. Note that AP, IB credits and FREN 005 will not count toward the major. FREN 007 can only count once to fulfill the major credit requirement.
  2. Off-campus study is required for all majors. Students who participate in preapproved programs may only count 3 credits toward their major. See the “Off-Campus Study” section for rules on transfer of credit.
  3. Take one advanced course with a Francophone component.
  4. Take Senior Colloquium (FREN 091) in fall semester of senior year. This includes the writing of an original, independent research paper of 30 pages on a topic chosen in discussion with the senior colloquium professor and adviser or one other professor in the program. The defense of the paper with the entire French and Francophone faculty takes place at the end of the fall semester.

French and Francophone Studies also offers courses in French literature in translation, but no more than one such course may count to satisfy the requirements in the major.

To graduate with a major in French and Francophone studies, students must have a grade average of C or better within the discipline, have studied in a French-speaking country, and have completed our culminating exercise, described above.

Acceptance Criteria

To be accepted as a course major, students must have taken French 004 or the equivalent, earning grades no less than a C.

Course Minor

Requirements

  1. Complete 5 credits in courses or seminars numbered 004 or above. Three or four of these credits must be completed on the Swarthmore campus (See #2 below). Note that AP, IB credits and FREN 005 will not count toward the minor. FREN 007 can only count once to fulfill the minor credit requirement.
  2. Minors are strongly encouraged to complete at least a six-week summer program of study in a French-speaking country. Students who participate in preapproved programs may only count two credits toward their minor. See the study abroad section for rules on transfer of credit.
  3. Complete Senior Colloquium (FREN 091) in the fall semester of the senior year, which includes the writing of an original, independent research paper of 20 pages on a topic chosen in discussion with the senior colloquium professor.

French and Francophone studies also offers courses in French literature in translation, but no more than one such course may count to satisfy the requirements in the minor.

To graduate with a minor in French and Francophone studies, you must have a grade average of C or better within the discipline, studied in French-speaking country, and have completed FREN 091 Senior Colloquium.

Acceptance Criteria

To be accepted as a course minor, you must have taken French 004 or the equivalent, earning grades no less than a C.

Honors Major

Requirements

Majors in the Honors Program are expected to complete the requirements of majors in course, including taking Senior Colloquium (FREN 091) in the fall semester of the senior year.

  1. Take eight advanced courses or seminars numbered 004 or above for a minimum of 8 credits. Note that AP, IB credits and FREN 005 will not count toward the honors major. FREN 007 can only count once to fulfill the honors major credit requirement.
  2. Study abroad in a francophone country, for one semester is required for all honors majors. See the study abroad section for rules on transfer of credit.
  3. Take one advanced course with a Francophone component.
  4. Take Senior Colloquium (FREN 091) in fall semester of senior year. This includes the writing of an original, independent research paper of 30 pages on a topic chosen in discussion with the senior colloquium professor and adviser or one other professor in the program. The defense of the paper with the entire French and Francophone faculty takes place at the end of the fall semester.
  5. Complete at least two advanced courses (above FREN 012) before taking a seminar.
  6. Work on three preparations, two of which must be done through seminars while the third may be a seminar, a two-credit thesis, or an approved paired course preparation.

French and Francophone Studies also offers courses in French literature in translation but no more than one such course may count to satisfy the requirements in the honors major.

The Honors Exam for Majors and Preparations

Majors in the Honors Program must do three preparations (consisting of six units of credit). Two of the preparations must be done through seminars chosen from the list below. The third preparation may be a seminar, a two-credit thesis, or an approved paired course preparation.
Seminars (spring semester only; not all are offered every two years):
FREN 102. Le monde comique de Molière
FREN 104. Roman du XIXe siècle
FREN 106. La Modernité
FREN 108. Littérature et cinéma modernes et contemporains 
FREN 110. Histoires d’îles
FREN 111. Représentations coloniales
FREN 112. Ecritures francophones
FREN 114. Théâtre d’écritures francophones
FREN 115. Paroles de femmes
Mode of Examination:
A three-hour written examination, and a one-half hour oral examination, both in French, will be required for each preparation.

Acceptance Criteria

Candidates are expected to have a “B” average in course work both in the department and at the College, have taken FREN 004 or the equivalent, and have demonstrated interest in and aptitude for the study of literature or culture in the original language.
Honors Minor

Requirements

Minors in the Honors Program are expected to complete the requirements of minors in course, including taking Senior Colloquium (FREN 091) in the fall semester of the senior year.

  1. Complete 5 credits in courses or seminars numbered 004 or above. Three of these credits must be completed on the Swarthmore campus. Note that AP, IB credits and FREN 005 will not count toward the minor. FREN 007 can only count once to fulfill the minor credit requirement.
  2. Complete at least a six-week program of study in a French-speaking country. It is strongly recommended that honors minors spend at least one semester abroad. See the study abroad section for rules on transfer of credit.
  3. Complete Senior Colloquium (FREN 091) in the fall semester of the senior year, which includes the writing of an original, independent research paper of 20 pages on a topic chosen in discussion with the senior colloquium professor.
  4. Complete at least two advanced courses (above FREN 012) before taking a seminar.
  5. Work on one two-credit seminar preparation or an approved paired course preparation.

French and Francophone studies also offers courses in French literature in translation but no more than one such course may count to satisfy the requirements in the honors minor.

The Honors Exam for Minors and Preparations

Minors must do a single, two-credit seminar preparation (consisting of two units of credit) or an approved paired course preparation.
Seminars (spring semester only; not all are offered every two years):
FREN 102. Le monde comique de Molière
FREN 104. Roman du XIXe siècle
FREN 106. La Modernité
FREN 108. Littérature et cinéma modernes et contemporains
FREN 110. Histoires d’îles
FREN 111. Représentations coloniales
FREN 112. Ecritures francophones
FREN 114. Théâtre d’écritures francophones
FREN 115. Paroles de femmes
Mode of Examination
A three-hour written examination, and a one-half hour oral examination, both in French, will be required for the preparation.

Acceptance Criteria

Candidates are expected to have a “B” average in course work both in the department and at the College, have taken FREN 004 or the equivalent, and have demonstrated interest in and aptitude for the study of literature or culture in the original language.

Thesis / Culminating Exercise

The culminating exercise in French and Francophone studies consists of completing FREN 091 Senior Colloquium in which you will write an independent research thesis of 20–30 pages and defend it in front of a panel of faculty members.

Application Process Notes for the Major or the Minor

In addition to the process described by the Dean’s Office and the Registrar’s Office for how to apply for a major, we also ask that you speak with the French and Francophone Studies section head or one of your professors in French and Francophone Studies to discuss your options.

If after applying you are deferred, you may apply again in the fall by addressing the reasons for your deferral.

Off-Campus Study

Study abroad programs are vital to the French and Francophone program. Majors may count up to 3 credits toward their French major. Minors may count 2 of these credits toward their French minor. To receive more than one credit, students must take a 1-credit course in French immediately upon their return. Students should contact a French faculty member to obtain the current list of preapproved programs. Students wishing to seek credit from other disciplines must consult the rules in the appropriate credit-granting department. There are also other options to study abroad available to students who have completed course work above the equivalent of fourth semester.
Any student attending a preapproved program in a non-francophone country, and planning to enroll in a French course there, may petition for one credit upon their return to campus. To earn this credit, students must take a one-credit French course in the semester immediately following their return to campus.

Preapproved Summer Programs

Any student may study in a preapproved summer program that is at least 6 weeks long and earn 1 credit in MLL (French). Only Minors in French and Francophone studies may have this credit count towards the completion of their course requirements.

Research and Service-Learning Opportunities

Both independent research and service-learning student-teaching are important ways to continue using your language and critical analysis skills.

Academic Year Opportunities

Each semester MLL offers a Service-Teaching Pedagogy course in which students teach French to local elementary students after or while completing FREN 004 (or 4th semester course of foreign language equivalent). It offers first-hand experience teaching in the classroom and provides training in classroom management, writing lesson plans, and effective use of communicative method language instruction. Student-teachers share common curricular goals, use a communicative method without a textbook, and teach exclusively in the target language. To enhance the student-teachers’ professionalism, this course includes a weekly pedagogy session for help with learning how to prepare lessons with goal-oriented curriculum, teaching practice, debriefing on the weeks’ teaching, and discussion of readings about foreign language acquisition, methodologies, and approaches.

Summer Opportunities

Students are encouraged to use the summer to travel to Francophone countries and explore research for their senior thesis papers. Please speak with French and Francophone studies faculty to find out about options for doing this summer work.

Teacher Certification

Students may choose to use French and Francophone studies as a specialization in a teacher certification program or for a special major in educational studies. Although students may develop their own course of study, they must complete FREN 012, or the equivalent, and study abroad for at least one semester in a French-speaking country.

Life After Swarthmore

Opportunities for a major/minor in French and Francophone studies after graduation are varied. Our curriculum provides students with valuable skills in cultural analysis, communication in another language, and the ability to understand and adapt to cross-cultural situations. Many majors and minors in French and Francophone studies continue their research with Fulbright awards, go to graduate school, law school, and medical school, and follow diverse career paths in teaching, journalism, business, and NGOs. Recent French and Francophone alumni who are Fulbright recipients are continuing their studies in North Africa and the Middle East; those who have gone to graduate school are studying library science, ethnomusicology, French history, public policy, educational policy, and public health. Many alumni are in education, law, business, journalism, medicine, the arts, and international affairs, etc.

Courses

Not all advanced courses are offered every year. Students wishing to major or minor in French/Francophone studies should plan their program in consultation with the department.
# = Francophone

FREN 001–002, 003. Intensive French

Students who start in the 00l–002 sequence must complete 002 to receive credit for 001.
For students who begin French in college. Designed to impart an active command of the language. Combines the study of grammar with intensive oral practice, writing, and readings in literary and expository prose. FREN 001 is offered in the fall semester only.
1.5 credits.

FREN 001. Intensive First Year of French

Fall 2013. Rice-Maximin, Vallverdu, Courgey.

FREN 002. Intensive First Year of French

Spring 2014. Vallverdu, Courgey.

FREN 003. Intensive Intermediate French

FREN 003 is offered in the fall semester only.
Fall 2013. Vallverdu, Courgey.

FREN 004. Advanced French: La France Contemporaine: Culture et Société

Transformation in culture and society in the Francophone World will be explored primarily through literary texts and also films and historical documents. Particular attention will be paid to perfecting analytical skills in written and spoken French.
Writing course.
1 credit.
Fall 2013 and spring 2014. Yervasi.

FREN 007. French Conversation

A 0.5-credit conversation course concentrating on the development of the students’ ability to speak French. May be repeated once for credit, but can only count once to fulfill major/minor credit requirement.
Prerequisite: For students previously in FREN 004 or the equivalent Placement Test score.
0.5 credit.
Each semester. Vallverdu.

FREN 012. Introduction aux études littéraires et culturelles françaises et francophones

This course offers students the opportunity to develop skills in textual and cultural analysis through the study of literary works (including prose, poetry, and theater), films, and other documents (articles, essays, and images) from France and the Francophone World.
Prerequisite: FREN 004, the equivalent Placement Test score, 5 on the AP examination, or the equivalent with permission.
Note: FREN 012 is required to take any other French literature or culture courses.
Writing course.
1 credit.
Fall 2013. Yervasi. Spring 2014. Rice-Maximin.

FREN 020. Panorama de la Littérature française

This course is designed to provide students with a broad knowledge of French literature, from the Renaissance to the present. Among the authors included on the syllabus are: Corneille, Graffigny, Balzac, Proust and Genet. Students will read works in their entirety, discuss their significance in class, and listen to short lectures to situate the readings in a historical and cultural context.
1 credit.
Not offered 2013–2014.

FREN 024. Foreign Language Teaching and Pedagogy

(Cross-listed as EDUC 072)
This course has two elements that are developed together throughout the course of the semester. Students can serve the Swarthmore community by teaching a foreign language to local elementary school students in an after-school program that meets two times/week. Students must teach for the entire 6-week session, two days per week. During the evening pedagogy sessions held on campus, we will discuss writing weekly lesson plans, foreign language acquisition in children, teaching methodologies and approaches. We use a common goal-oriented curriculum among all the languages. Students must register for the language or educational studies course that they will be teaching and for a service time (A) M/W or (B) T/Th.
0.5 credit.
Spring 2014. Staff.

FREN 043. Fictions d’enfance #

Study of the fiction of writers of French expression, as reflected in various coming-of-age texts from Africa, the Caribbean, France, the Maghreb and Vietnam. Examination of the role played by these specific experiences in the construction of the literary identity and subjectivity of the writer/narrator. Texts by J-P. Sartre, N. Sarraute, J. Zobel, M. Ferraoun, M. Condé, E. Dongala, D. Maximin, J.J. Dominique, N. Bouraoui, among others.
Eligible for BLST credit.
1 credit.
Fall 2014. Rice-Maximin.

FREN 045B. Le monde francophone : France and the Maghreb : Postcolonial Writing in a Transnational Context#

This course examines the relationship between France and the Maghreb, two cultural spaces that are simultaneously united and divided by their common violent colonial history. Through the study of novels, films, art work and theoretical texts, we will trace the evolution of this conflicted relationship from the 1950’s to present times. We will focus, in particular, on the following topics: (post) colonialism and nationalism, diglossia and Francophonie, gendered representation, immigration and exile, transculturation and globalization.
Eligible for ISLM credit.
1 credit.
Spring 2014. Gueydan-Turek.

FREN 045D. Le monde francophone : African Cinema#

This course is an introduction to the history of Francophone West African cinemas. Students will study the colonial and postcolonial history and culture of this region, be introduced to key film concepts, and develop their ability to do in-depth film analysis. Student must attend weekly screenings.
Eligible for BLST credit.
1 credit.
Spring 2015. Yervasi.

FREN 046. Poésies d’écritures françaises #

A thematic study of poetical texts and songs with an emphasis on both pre-18th-century Hexagonal and contemporary African, Caribbean, Guyanese and Haitian authors.
Eligible for BLST credit.
1 credit.
Spring 2017. Rice-Maximin.

FREN 053. Littérature et cinéma: La pensée géographique

We will explore the central ideas of Bakhtin’s “chronotopes”; Bidima’s “constellations” and “crossings”; Deleuze and Guattari’s “nomadic thought”; Glissant’s “relationality”; and Rajchman’s “geography of living” in conjunction with the study of French and Francophone literature and film.
1 credit.
Not offered 2013–2014.

FREN 055. Révolutions, Romantisme, Réalisme

One often forgets that the period following the great revolution of 1789 was marked by many other uprisings. The goal of this course is to understand literary movements in the context of historical upheaval from 1789 to the Commune of Paris in 1871. Works from Balzac, Flaubert, Zola.
1 credit.
Fall 2013. Blanchard.

FREN 056. Ces femmes qui écrivent…/Reading French Women#

A study of the work of women from Africa, the Caribbean, France, and Vietnam. Material will be drawn from diverse historical periods and genres.
Eligible for BLST or GSST credit.
1 credit.
Spring 2017. Rice-Maximin.

FREN 057. Bande dessinée, nouvelles Manga et romans graphiques

The bande dessinée, the Francophone analog to comics, has evolved alongside contemporary youth culture to become a locus for expressions of sociocultural and aesthetic changes, as well as antiestablishment discourses. In the context of issues such as social class, cultural diversity, and feminity/masculinity, this course will connect canonical comics (such as Asterix and Tintin) with more current cutting-edge forms including la nouvelle Manga and graphic novels from Rwanda, Algeria, Lebanon and Iran.
1 credit.
Spring 2015. Gueydan-Turek.

FREN 072. Scandalous Literature

This course provides students with a broad exposure to literature written in French, from before the Revolution to the present. Readings will be organized around the question of cultural and literary anxieties revealed in controversial works. Specific attention will be devoted to 1) the representation of sex; 2) authorial intervention within socio-political polemics; 3) scandalous aesthetics. Authors studied include: Choderlos de Laclos, Flaubert, Zola, Rachilde, Proust, Sartre, Hergé, Michel Houellebecq and Ahmadou Kourouma.
1 credit.
Spring 2015. Gueydan-Turek.

FREN 077. Caribbean and African Literatures and Cultures in Translation

(Cross-listed as LITR 077F)
Through close reading and discussion of African and Caribbean texts, originally written in French, we will examine the “re/wri/gh/t/ing” of the local and national pre/ post/colonial H/h/istories. The emphasis will be on some cultural, social and racial issues and on their rendering in distinct literary forms: language, rhythm, influences, ruptures, etc. The theoretical readings of CLR James, F. Fanon, A. and S. Césaire, E. Glissant, among others, will guide our analysis. Taught in English; and there will be a 1/2 credit French Attachment for students reading in French.
Eligible for BLST credit.
1 credit.
Fall 2013. Rice-Maximin.

FREN 077A. Caribbean and African Luteratures and Cultures in Translation (attachment)

Attachment course for students enrolled in FREN 077. Translation for students reading in French.
0.5 credit.
Fall 2013. Rice-Maximin.

FREN 091. Senior Colloquium:

This course will be dedicated to discussions of the various topics chosen by majors and minors for their senior thesis. Although this course is required of French/Francophone majors and minors, it is open to other advanced students.
Writing course.
1 credit.
Fall 2013. Blanchard. Fall 2014. Gueydan-Turek.

FREN 093. Directed Reading
FREN 096. Thesis

Seminars

FREN 111. Le Désir colonial: représentations de la différence dans l’imaginaire français#

This course addresses how the colonial encounter has shaped modern perceptions of race, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality through the production, circulation and consumption of deformed images of its colonial subjects. From noble savages and whimpering slaves to hideous monsters and seductive harem girls, we will examine the dynamics of representation embedded in colonial narrations and visual constructions of the “Other,” focusing on conceptualizations of power as they relate to race, sexual politics and the gendering of the colonial subject. Primary texts include literature of the slave trade, orientalist fictions and photographs, colonial films, museum exhibitions and world’s fairs, and contemporary works of fiction that deal with the legacy and sometimes continue the colonial desire.
Eligible for BLST or GSST credit.
2 credits.
Fall 2016. Gueydan-Turek.

FREN 114. Théâtre d’écritures francophones

A close examination of plays in French from and beyond the Hexagon. Topics discussed will include representation of collective consciousness, history, myths and politics in post/neocolonial situations, theater and therapy, rituals and subversion. Readings by Anouilh, Beckett, A and I Césaire, Dambury, N’Diaye, Genet, Glissant, Kacimi among others, plus collateral theoretical readings.
Eligible for BLST credit.
2 credits.
Spring 2014. Rice-Maximin.

FREN 180. Honors Thesis
FREN 199. Senior Honors Study

Courses with a Francophone component are marked with a #.

French Courses Not Currently Offered

FREN 022. Panorama du cinéma français et francophone#
FREN 044. Tyrants and Revolutionaries
FREN 045A. Le Monde francophone: Postcolonial cities in the Francophone World#
FREN 045C. Le Monde francophone: Caribbean literatures and cultures#
FREN 046. Poésies d’écritures françaises#
FREN 054. Cínéma français: jeunesse et résistance
FREN 056. Ces femmes qui écrivant/Reading French Women
FREN 058. The Representation of Alterity in French Literature and Cinema#
FREN 104. Le Roman du XIXe siècle
FREN 106. La Modernité
FREN 108. Littérature et cinéma moderne et contemporain: La question de représentation
FREN 110. Histoires d’îles#
FREN 112. Écritures francophones
FREN 115. Paroles de femmes#
LITR 061FJ. Manga, Bande Dessinée, and the Graphic Novel: A Transnational Study of Graphic Fiction
LITR 071F. French Cultural and Critical Theory
LITR 078F. Francophone Cinema
LITR 059FG. Re-invisioning Diasporas
LITR 071F. French Culture and Critical Theory