Federal Income Tax Return Guide for U.S. Citizens & Permanent Residents Who Are Not Receiving Swarthmore Scholarship
VERY IMPORTANT NOTICE
This page provides helpful information about preparing your federal tax return. However, we cannot be tax advisors for you. While this information will be adequate for most students, it is not a substitute for advice obtained from the Internal Revenue Service or a qualified tax professional. Also, be sure to contact your family prior to filing your Federal Income Tax Return to avoid mistakes.
The information in this guide is limited to Swarthmore College students who are:
U.S. citizens or permanent residents
If you do not fit into all of these classifications, do not use this guide. Also, this guide assumes your income is limited to wages, tips, Alaska Permanent Fund dividends,
and taxable interest not over $1,500; and your total taxable income is less than $100,000. If you have other income sources (business income, dividends,
capital gains, taxable social security, etc.) or other unusual circumstances, do not rely on this guide.
- The tax deadline is April 15, 2014
- Students who received Lang, Evans, Mellon or Swarthmore Foundation special grants are required to pay income tax. Include this amount along with your wages on line 1 of your 1040EZ.
- Some states will require you to file taxes based on your residency information. You will want to contact your home state's department of revenue for details regarding filing.
- Each of the 1040 tax forms (1040EZ; 1040A; 1040) has an instruction booklet which should be your primary reference when preparing the federal income tax return. Instruction booklets and tax forms can be downloaded from the IRS website.
SEE THE FOLLOWING PAGES FOR:
- Answers to frequently asked questions
- Step by step instructions
- A sample 2013 federal income tax return (A PDF example 1040 EZ along with sample instructions)
- Links to the Actual IRS 1040, 1040A, and 1040EZ as well as instructions
- 2013 IRS Tax Tables
1. What do I do first?
Gather all of the 2013 tax-related documents needed to determine if you are required to file:
- W-2 Income Statement(s) and or 1099 Interest Statements: Your employer(s) must send you a statement of 2013 wages earned and taxes withheld (Form W-2 or Form 1099). Contact your employer if you do not receive your 2013 W-2 by early February. If you lose your W-2, ask your employer for a new one.
1099-INT: You will receive a 1099-INT from your bank if you earned sufficient reportable interest on an interest bearing checking or savings account.
Lang, Evans, Mellon or Swarthmore Foundation special grants: If awarded a 2013 service, enrichment, or summer stipend grant not reflected on a W-2 Statement, record the amount you received (spring '13 term, summer of 2013 & fall '13 term).
2. Am I required to file a 2013 federal income tax return?
You must file a 2013 return if certain minimum income levels are met. Remember the "VERY IMPORTANT NOTICE" above? If you fit that profile you must file a return if any of the following apply:
- You have 2013 earned income over $6,100. Earned income includes wages and tips (reported on W-2, Box 1), Lang, Evans, Mellon or Swarthmore Foundation special grants.
- You have 2013 unearned income over $1000. Unearned income includes interest earned on a savings or checking account. You will receive Form 1099-INT from your bank if you have 2013 reportable interest.
- Your gross income (earned + unearned + unemployment compensation + Alaska Permanent Fund dividends) is more than the larger of (1) $1000 or (2) earned income (up to $5,750) plus $350.
If your income falls below all of the above levels, you are not required to file. However, if federal tax was withheld from your wages (Box 2 of your W-2), you are due a refund - you wantto file
3. Which tax form should I use?
Most Swarthmore students will use 2013 Form 1040EZ, the simplest of the federal income tax return forms. Use this form if your taxable income is less than $100,000, and your income is only from wages, tips, Lang, Evans, Mellon or Swarthmore Foundation special grants, unemployment compensation, Alaska Permanent Fund dividends, and taxable interest of $1,500 or less. Use either Form 1040A or Form 1040 if you cannot use Form 1040EZ. These forms can be downloaded from IRS website.
4. What if I had more than one employer during 2013?
You will receive a W-2 income statement from each employer. Do not file a separate return for each job. The amount that you enter on Line 1 of the 1040EZ should include all wages from all employers. This also applies to other sources of income. For instance, if you received interest from more than one bank during 2013, total all of the interest received for the year, and list it on Line 2 of the 1040EZ form.
5. Does the federal government really expect me to pay income tax on Lang, Evans, Mellon or Swarthmore Foundation special grants?
Students receive scholarships/fellowships/grants/stipends/waivers from various sources. Regardless of the term used, the taxability of scholarship depends on its nature. Scholarship awarded for research, good-works, enrichment, counseling, or any other service, regardless if used to pay tuition, is taxable income.
6. When is the deadline for filing my federal income tax return?
The 2013 federal income tax return must be postmarked by April 15, not necessarily received at the IRS by that date. Returns filed by means other than the U.S. mail (i.e., by e-file or telephone) must also be filed by April 15, 2014. If you file after this date, you may have to pay penalties and interest.
7. If I owe tax, to whom do I make the check payable?
Make your check payable to the United States Treasury. Make sure your name, address, phone # and social security # are on the check face and write the tax year and the correct form name. For example write, "2013 Form 1040-EZ" in the memo section. The mailing address can be found on the IRS Website and is determined using the state your family resides, not necessarily Pennsylvania.
8. Should I keep a copy of my return?
Absolutely! And keep a copy of all attachments, such as your W-2. It may be necessary to refer to a previous year's tax return or to produce evidence that you submitted a tax return. You should keep copies of your tax returns for seven years.
9. Where can I find complete information about how to prepare and file my federal income tax return?
Each of the 1040 tax forms (1040EZ; 1040A; 1040) has an instruction booklet which should be your primary reference when preparing the federal income tax return. Instruction booklets and tax forms can be downloaded from the IRS . Also, a sample tax return can be found here. Finally, there are tax preparation guides available commercially as well as web sites offering for-fee tax return preparation. We do not make recommendations however, see the IRS website for Free File Options
10. Do I need to file a state income tax form?
If you earned more than $33 in Pennsylvania in 2013 you must file a Pennsylvania state tax return. Your Pennsylvania taxable income includes only wages you earned in Pennsylvania. It does not include interest or dividends that you received in 2013. Also, Pennsylvania does not tax scholarship. Form PA-40 and its instruction booklet can be downloaded from the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue Website. If you worked in another state, or if your permanent address is in a state other than Pennsylvania you may be required to file a state income tax return with that state. Check with the tax department of the state you worked/live in.
11. What does it cost to file a state income tax form?
Most states allow paper filing for free. However, electronic filing, even through the IRS Federal Free File website may have a charge. See your state website for specific guidance.
12. Next academic year I plan to attend a spring '15 study abroad program. I won't be in the U.S. when it's time to file my 2013 federal tax return. What can I do to make the 2014 federal income tax process go smoothly?
- Make sure that the Swarthmore payroll office (as well as any other U.S. employer) has your correct address to forward your W-2 statements. Make the same arrangements for any other tax related income statements. For example, you may arrange to have everything mailed to your home address.
- You can download 2014 tax forms from the IRS website.
- Gather Forms needed to complete a 1040-EZ
- All W-2 wage statements (from Swarthmore, summer or other work)
- 1099-int statement from your bank if you earned more than $10.00 in interest
- Lang, Evans, Mellon or Swarthmore Foundation special grants notification.
Step 2. Complete the 1040 EZ
- Fill in the top section of the form, using your home address
- Line 1- in box 1, put the sum of the amount(s) listed in box 1 of your W-2 (s)
- Line 2- list any taxable interest you received in a 1099-INT from your bank (you will only get this if you earned $10 or more in interest)
- Line 3- skip unless you are from Alaska
- Line 4- Put the sum of lines 1-3
- Line 5-
- If your parent(s) claim you on their tax return, (many do), check the box marked "You", then proceed to page 2 of the 1040 EZ and complete the chart at the bottom. If Line 4 is greater than $6,100, then you may skip the chart, and proceed to line 6.
- If nobody claims you, write $10,000 on line 5 and proceed.
- Line 6- Subtract line 5 from line 4. Write this number here.
- Line 7- only if you worked and had taxes withheld, you will see a number in box 2 of your W-2. Write this number on line 7.
- Line 8a and 8b- skip
- Line 9- copy the number from line 7
- Line 10- visit the tax table provided: http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/i1040tt.pdf. Note the number listed on the tax chart here.
- Line 11a- if line 9 is bigger than line 10, write the difference on line 11a.
- Lines 11b-11d- Provide checking or savings account information if you wish to have your refund direct deposited. Skip these questions if you prefer a paper check be mailed to the address on your tax return.
- Line 12- If line 10 is larger than line 9, write the difference on line 12.
- Sign and date the return
- Make copies of all pages and W2(s)
- Attach your W-2 where noted
- Determine correct mailing addressby visitin the IRS.gov website. Look for the correct form type and use the link provided
|2013 1040EZ||IRS 1040EZ Instructions||Swarthmore Provided Sample 1040 EZ|
|2013 1040A||IRS 1040A Instructions|
|2013 1040||IRS 1040 Instructions|