Abbreviations of Quaker Terms for Use in Research
This list includes many of the most common abbreviations used by William Wade Hinshaw in his indices. Different abstractors have used variations of these abbreviations; please consult the individual sources for those abbreviations not found here.
ack acknowledged, acknowledgement
ami announced marriage intentions
amist announced marriage intentions a second time
A statement issued by a monthly meeting to a person (or persons) transferring their membership to another monthly meeting. Also a marriage certificate.
ch child, children
co chosen overseer(s)
com complained, complained of
A person could be complained of for an act which was contrary to the rules and advices as outlined in the Discipline.
dis disowned, disowned for
dt daughter, daughters
gc [see gct]
gct granted certificate to
"All members removing beyond the limits of their Monthly Meetings...are to apply to their respective meetings for certificates [of memberships] directed to [the monthly meeting] within the limits of which they propose to sojourn or settle. But if any shall remove without so applying, the Monthly Meeting of which they are members, after making the usual inquiry, and finding no obstruction, should without improper delay, send certificates for them...but if their previous conduct require that they be treated with, and the distance be such as to render it inconvenient for the meetings they removed from, the Monthly Meetings, within the verge of which they are, should be requested to treat with them, and report the effect of their care: on which, if it prove satisfactory, certificates of removal may be directed; but if otherwise... testimonies of [disownment should be] issued..."— Discipline (1819)
gl granted letter
After about 1875 letters of membership were granted to and received from most other Protestant bodies.
IM indulged meeting
jas joined another society
That is, another religious group or another branch of Friends, i.e. Orthodox to Hicksite.
ltm liberated to marry, left at liberty to marry
When a couple would announce at monthly meeting their intention of marriage, a committee was appointed to investigate "their clearness" and report to the next monthly meeting, after which time the couple were "left at liberty to marry."
m marry, married, marrying, marriage
ma meeting approved
mcd married contrary to discipline
Both parties were members of the Society of Friends and were married by a civil ceremony or by a member of another denomination (i.e. "by a priest").
MH meeting house
MM monthly meeting
mos married out of society [see mou]
mou married out of unity
One of the parties was not a member of the Society of Friends, or was a member of another branch of Friends.
PM preparative meeting
prc [see prcf]
prcf produced a certificate from
QM quarterly meeting
rec receive, received
recrq received by request
A convinced Friend was accepted as a member by request.
relfc released from care for
relrq released by request
Voluntary termination of one's membership in the Society.
rem remove, removed
rm [see rmt]
rmt reported married to
roc [see rocf]
rocf received on certificate from — see also rolf
A certificate of membership was received from another monthly meeting. Usually (but not always) where no state follows the name of the monthly meeting, it is to be assumed that the meeting is located in
rol see rolf
rolf received on letter from — see also rocf
After about 1875 letters of membership were accepted from most Protestant bodies.
When a member was found to have acted contrary to the rules and advices as outlined in the Discipline, he was reported to (or complained of for) the monthly meeting. The meeting then appointed a committee to treat with him and report their finding. Usually they reported "treated with satisfaction," and he condemned his misconduct. If not it was reported "treated without satisfaction" and he was disowned. Any one disowned had the right of appeal to the Quarterly Meeting and the Yearly Meeting.
rq request, requests, requested
rqc [see rqct]
rqct requested certificate to
rqcuc requested to come under care (of mtg.)
rst reinstate, reinstated
After a disownment the member could still condemn his misconduct and be re-instated in membership.
s son, sons
uc under care (of mtg.)
YM yearly meeting