Bibliography of Materials on
the Navajo Language

Updated March 2006

Topical Index

General

Dictionaries

Grammars

Textbooks

Phonetics and Phonology

Morphology

Syntax

Semantics

Lexical Semantics/Language and Culture

Acquisition

Texts

The Bibliography

Aissen, Judith (2000)
"Yi and bi: Proximate and Obviative in Navajo," in Andrew Carnie, Eloise Jelinek, and Mary Anne Willie, (eds.) Papers in Honor of Ken Hale. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 1. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics

Akers, Glenn (1972)
"Introduction to Navajo Acoustic Phonetics," ms. Department of Linguistics, Harvard University.

Akmajian, Adrian and Steven Anderson (1970)
"On the use of the fourth person in Navajo, or Navajo made harder," International Journal of American Linguistics 36.1-8.

Arny, W.F.M. (1874)
"Navajo Vocabulary," Ms. 95 Bureau of American Ethnology
A compilation of 211 words.

Barss, Andrew, Ken hale, Ellavina Tsosie Perkins, & Margaret Speas (1989)
"Aspects of Logical Form in Navajo," in Cook and Rice (1989), pp. 317-334.

Bittany, Adolph (1941)
Medical Dictionary Medical Division, Navajo Service. Mimeograph.

Cook, Eung-Do and Keren Rice (eds.) (1989)
Athapaskan Linguistics: Current Perspectives on a Language Family. pp. 265-315. Trends in Linguistics. State-of-the-Art Reports 15. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Creamer [Taptto], Mary Helen (1974)
"Ranking in Navajo Nouns," Navajo Language Review 1.29-38.

de los Santos, Roman (1995)
The English-Navajo Children's Picture Dictionary: Selected Words and Phrases. Tsaile, Arizona: Navajo Community College Press.

Diné Center for Human Development (1991)
The Navajo Dictionary of Diagnostic Terminology. Tsaile, Arizona: Navajo Community College Press. ISBN 0-912586-68-0. Paperback. 84 pp.

Eaton, J.H. (1852)
"Vocabulary of the language of the Navajo," in H.R. Schoolcraft (ed.) Information Respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States.
The first extensive Navajo vocabulary.

Elgin, Patricia Anne Suzette (1973)
Some Topics in Navajo Syntax. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of California, San Diego.

Elmore, Francis H. (1944)
Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Monographs of the School of American Research, No. 8

Faltz, Leonard M. (1998)
The Navajo Verb: A Grammar for Students and Scholars. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-8263-1901-7 (hardover), ISBN 0-8263-1902-5 (paperback). 452 pp.

Faltz, Leonard M. (1999)
"The Structure of a Lexicon: Navajo (and Other) Verbs," Paper presented at the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics.

Faltz, Leonard M. (2000a)
"A Semantic Basis for Navajo Syntactic Typology," in Fernald and Platero (2000) pp. 28-50.

Faltz, Leonard M. (2000b)
"Some Notes on Derivational Relationships among Navajo Verbs" in Andrew Carnie, Eloise Jelinek, and Mary Anne Willie, (eds.) Papers in Honor of Ken Hale. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 1. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics

Feltes-Strigler, Marie-Claude (2002)
Parlons Navajo [Let's speak Navajo]. Paris: Editions l'Harmattan. 198 pp. 15.25 €. ISBN 2-7475-2037-4.
The publisher's blurb says (translated from French): "It appears to be impossible to learn to speak this language which served as a code for the Americans in the Second World War. Rather, it is a matter of understanding how it works and what culture it bears. It is necessary to begin by getting to know an Indian nation living between tradition and modernity, which in order to survive must participate in the capitalist economy of the United States but which also derives its vitality from its culture and traditions. We will discover how the syntax and the structure of the Navajo sentence reflect the desire of the Navajo for harmony and order."

Fernald, Theodore B. (2000)
"Generalizations in Navajo," in Fernald and Platero (2000), pp. xx-yy.

Fernald, Theodore B. and Kenneth L. Hale (eds.) (2000)
Diné Bizaad Naalkaah: Navajo Language Investigations. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 3. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Fernald, Theodore, Lorene Legah, Alyse Neundorf, Ellavina Tsosie Perkins, and Paul Platero (2000a)
"Definite and Indefinite Descriptions in Navajo," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 31-54.

Fernald, Theodore, Lorene Legah, Alyse Neundorf, Ellavina Tsosie Perkins, and Paul Platero (2000b)
"Implicature and Presupposition in Navajo," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 17-29.

Fernald, Theodore B. and Paul R. Platero (eds.) (2000)
The Athabaskan Languages: Perspectives on a Native American Language Family. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fernald, Theodore B., Ellavina Tsosie Perkins, & Paul R. Platero (2000)
"Navajo Conditional Interpretations," in Andrew Carnie, Eloise Jelinek, and MaryAnn Willie, eds. Papers in Honor of Ken Hale. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 1. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Fernald, Theodore B. and MaryAnn Willie. forthcoming.
"Navajo Classification and Coercion." Proceedings of SULA (Semantics of Under-represented Languages of the Americas). University of Massachusetts, Amherst, April 21, 2001.

Franciscan Fathers (1910)
An Ethnologic Dictionary of the Navajo Language. Saint Michaels, Arizona: The Franciscan Fathers. Reprinted by Saint Michael's Press, Saint Michaels, Arizona, 1968.

Franciscan Fathers (1912)
A Vocabulary of the Navajo Language. Saint Michaels, Arizona: The Franciscan Fathers. Two volumes.
The first Navajo dictionary.

Frishberg, Nancy (1972)
"Navajo object markers and the great chain of being," in Charles Li (ed.) Syntax and Semantics Vol. I. New York: Academic Press.

Garrison, Eduard (1973)
Semantic Study of Navajo Classificatory Stems. Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University.

Goosen, Irvy W. (1973)
Navajo Made Easier. Flagstaff, Arizona: Northland Press.
Superseded by Goosen (1995)

Goosen, Irvy W. (1995)
Diné Bizaad: Speak, Read, Write Navajo. Flagstaff, Arizona: Salina Bookshelf.

Goosen, Irvy W. (1997)
Diné Bizaad: Sprechen, Lesen und Schreiben Sie Navajo. German translation of Goosen (1995) by Patrick Buchel Loder. Flagstaff, Arizona: Salina Bookshelf.

Haile, Father Berard (1926)
A Manual of Navajo Grammar. St. Michaels, Arizona: The Franciscan Fathers.

Haile, Father Berard (1942-1949)
Learning Navajo. St. Michaels, Arizona: The Franciscan Fathers. Four volumes.

Haile, Father Berard (1950-51)
A Stem Vocabulary of the Navajo Language. St. Michaels, Arizona: The Franciscan Fathers. Two volumes.

Hale, Kenneth L. (1970-72)
"Navajo Linguistics," Parts. I, II, and III. Ms. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Hale, Kenneth (1973)
"A note on subect-object inversion in Navajo," in Braj Kachru et al. (eds.) Issues in Linguistics, Papers in Honor of Henry and Renee Kahane pp. 300-309. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Hale, Ken (2000)
"Remarks on the Syntax of the Navajo Verb," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 55-96.

Hale, Kenneth, Laverne Jeanne, and Paul Platero (1977)
"Three Cases of Overgeneration," in Adrian Akmajian, Peter Culicover, and Thomas Wasow (eds.)Formal Syntax, New York: Academic Press, pp. 379-416.

Hale, Ken, Pamela Munro, and Paul Platero (2000)
"The Navajo inchoative verb form," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 97-116.

Hale, Kenneth L. and Paul Platero (1973)
"Aspects of navajo anaphora: relativization and pronominalization," Diné Bizaad náníl'iih 1.9-28.

Hale, Ken and Paul Platero (1996)
"Navajo reflections of a general theory of lexical argument structure," in Jelinek et al. (1996), pp. 1-14.

Hale, Ken and Paul Platero (2000)
"Negative polarity expressions in Navajo," in Fernald and Platero (2000), pp. 73-91.

Hardy, Frank (1974)
"On the nature of the Navajo reflexive morpheme," Diné Bizaad náníl'iih 1.3.155-164.

Hardy, Frank (1979)
Navajo Aspectual Verb Stem Variation. Ph.D. dissertation, University of New Mexico.

Hardy, Frank (1985)
"Pseudo-suffixes and optative stem shape prediction in Navajo," International Journal of American Linguistics 51.435-438.

Hargus, Sharon (1986)
"Phonological evidence for prefixation in Navajo verbal morphology," Proceedings of the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 5.53-67.

Hargus, Sharon (1996)
Review of Young, Morgan, and Midgette (1992) Analytical Lexicon of Navajo Anthropological Linguistics 38.2.366-370.

Hoijer, Harry (1938)
"The Southern Athapaskan Languages," American Anthropologist 40.75-87.

Hoijer, Harry (1945)
"Classificatory Verb Stems in the Apachean Languages," International Journal of American Linguistics 11.13-23.

Hoijer, Harry (1945)
"The Apachean verb I: verb structure and pronominal prefixes," International Journal of American Linguistics 11123-125.

Hoijer, Harry (1945)
"The Apachean verb II," International Journal of American Linguistics 11193-204.

Hoijer, Harry (1946)
"The Apachean verb III," International Journal of American Linguistics 1251-60.

Hoijer, Harry (1948)
"The Apachean verb IV," International Journal of American Linguistics 14247-260.

Hoijer, Harry (1949)
"The Apachean verb V," International Journal of American Linguistics 1512-23.

Hoijer, Harry (1951)
"Cultural implications of some Navaho linguistic categories," Language 2711-20.

Hoijer, Harry (1971)
"Patterns of meaning in Navaho," in Mario D. Zamora, J. M. Mahar, and Henry Orenstein (eds.) Themes in Culture: Essays in Honor of Morris Oppler Quezon City: Kayumanggi Publishers. pp. 227-37.

Hoijer, Harry (1974)
A Navajo Lexicon. University of California Publications in Linguistics 78. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Horseherder, Nicole (1998)
A Binding-Theoretic Analysis of Navajo Possessor yi- M.A. thesis, University of British Columbia.

Jelinek, Eloise and MaryAnn Willie (1996)
"Psych Verbs in Navajo," in Jelinek et al. (1996). pp. 15-34.

Jelinek, Eloise, Midgette, Sally, Rice, Keren, and Leslie Saxon (eds.) (1996)
Athabaskan Language Studies: Essays in Honor of Robert W. Young. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Kari, James (1974)
"Variation in the Navajo OH-Reduction Rule," Diné Bizaad náníl'iih 1.4.203-210.

Kari, James (1975)
"The disjunct boundary in the Navajo and Tanaina verb prefix complexes," International Journal of American Linguistics 41.330-345.

Kari, James (1976)
Navajo Verb Prefix Phonology. New York: Garland Publishing.

Kari, James (1979)
Athabaskan Verb Theme Categories: Ahtna. Alaska Native Language Center Research Papers No. 2. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.

Kari, James (1989)
"Affix position and zones in the Athabaskan verb complex: Ahtna and Navajo," International Journal of American Linguistics 55.4.424-454.

Kari, James and Jeff Leer (1984)
Review of The Navajo Language: A Grammar and Colloquial Dictionary. International Journal of American Linguistics 50.124-131.

Kibrik, Andrej A. (1996)
"Transitivity decrease in Navajo and Athabaskan," in Jelinek et al. (1996). pp. 259-303.

Landar, Herbert (1963)
Navaho Syntax.  Doctoral dissertation.  Yale.  [Published in Language supplement. 3-54.]

Landar, Herbert (1964)
"Seven Navajo Verbs of Eating," International Journal of American Linguistics 30.94-96.

Landar, Herbert (1967)
"Two Athapaskan verbs of being," Foundations of Language, Supplementary Series 1.41-44.

Landar, Herbert (1985)
"Class co-occurrence in Navaho gender," International Journal of American Linguistics 31.326-31.

McDonough, Joyce (1990)
Topics in the Phonology and Morphology of Navajo Verbs. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

McDonough, Joyce (1996)
"Epenthesis in Navajo," in Jelinek et al. (1996). pp. 235-257.

McDonough, Joyce (2000a)
"The Bipartite Structure of the Navajo Verb," in Fernald and Platero (2000), pp. 139-166.

McDonough, Joyce M. (2000b)
"Incorporating Onsets in Navajo: the D-effect," in Andrew Carnie, Eloise Jelinek, and MaryAnn Willie, eds. Papers in Honor of Ken Hale. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 1. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

McDonough, Joyce (2000c)
"How to use Young and Morgan's The Navajo Language''. In K. M. Crosswhite & J. S. Magnuson (Eds.), University of Rochester Working Papers in the Language Sciences, 1 (2), 23-42.

McDonough, Joyce (2003)
The Navajo Sound System. Kluwer Academic Press. Dordrecht.

Midgette, Sally (1995)
The Navajo Progressive in Discourse: A Study in Temporal Semantics. New York: Peter Lang.

Midgette, Sally (1996)
"Lexical Aspect in Navajo: the Telic Property," in Jelinek et al. (1996). pp. 305-330.

Navajo Language Institute (1986)
Diné Bizaad Bohoo'aah. Farmington, New Mexico.

Neundorf, Alice (1983)
Álchíní Bi Naaltsoostsoh: A Navajo/English Bilingual Dictionary. Albuquerque: Native American Materials Development Centre.

Neundorf, Alyse (2000)
"The Navajo simple passive," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 117-128.

Parnwell, E. C. (1989)
The New Oxford Picture Dictionary, English/Navajo Edition. Translated by Marvin Yellowhair. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Perkins, Ellavina Tsosie (1974)
"The Navajo Particle of Constituent Negation," Diné Bizaad náníl'iih 1.2.53-62.

Perkins, Ellavina Tsosie (1974)
"The Relative Clause in Navajo," International Journal of American Linguistics 40.277-285.

Perkins, Ellavina Tsosie (1978)
The Role of Word Order and Scope in the Interpretation of Navajo Sentences. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona.

Perkins, Ellavina Tsosie (2000)
"Navajo H-Questions Revisited," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 129-140.

Pike, Kenneth and Alton L. Becker (1964)
"Progressive neutralization in dimensions of Navajo stem matrices," International Journal of American Linguistics 30.134-144.

Pinnow, Jürgen (1974)
"Bemerkungen zum Imperfekt im Navaho," [Remarks on the Imperfective in Navajo] Indiana 2.35-45.

Platero, Paul (1974)
"The Navajo relative clause," International Journal of American Linguistics 40.202-246.

Platero, Paul (1978)
Missing Noun Phrases in Navajo. Ph.D. dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Platero, Paul (1982)
"Missing noun phrases and grammatical relations in Navajo," International Journal of American Linguistics 48.2.286-305.

Reichard, Gladys A. (1949)
"The character of the Navaho verb stem," Word 5.55-76.

Reichard, Gladys A. (1951)
A Navajo Grammar. Publications of the American Ethnological Society, no. 23. New York: J. J. Augustin.

Rice, Keren and Leslie Saxon. (2005)
Comparative Athapaskan syntax: Arguments and projections. In Handbook of Comparative Syntax, ed. by Guglielmo Cinque and Richard Kayne, Oxford University Press.

Sandoval, Merton and Eloise Jelinek (1989)
"The bi-construction and pronominal arguments in Apachean," in Eung-Do Cook and Keren Rice (eds.) Athapaskan Linguistics: Current Perspectives on a Language Family. pp. 379-406. Trends in Linguistics. State-of-the-Art Reports 15. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Sapir, Edward and Harry Hoijer (1942)
Navajo Texts. William Dwight Whitney Series. Baltimore: Linguistic Society of America.

Sapir, Edward and Harry Hoijer (1969)
"The phonology and morphology of the Navajo Language," University of California Publications in Linguistics 50. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Saville, Muriel (1968)
Navajo Morphophonemics. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas.

Saville-Troike, Muriel (1974)
"Diversity in Southwestern Athabaskan: a Historical Perspective," Diné Bizaad náníl'iih 1.2.67-84.

Saville-Troike, Muriel (1996)
"Development of the Inflected Verb in Navajo Child Language," in Jelinek et al. (1996). pp. 137-192.

Saxon, Leslie (2001)
"On two OSV constructions in Navajo: beyond Subject-Object Inversion." In Proceedings of the Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas 6. University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics.

Schaengold, Charlotte C.(2003)
"The Emergence of Bilingual Navajo: English and Navajo Languages in Contact Regardless of Everyone's Best Intentions." In: When Languages Collide. Brian Joseph, Johanna DeStefano, Neil Jacobs, Ilse Lehiste, eds. OSU Press, Columbus. Pp. 235-245.

Schaengold, Charlotte C.(2004)
Bilingual Navajo: Mixed Codes, Bilingualism and Language Maintenance. Ph.D. dissertation. The Ohio State University.

Schauber Kaufman, Ellen (1975)
Theoretical Responses to Navajo Questions. Ph.D. dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Shephardson, Mary (1970)
The Navajo Mountain Community. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Contains kinship terminology.

Simpson, Lt. James H. (1849)
Journal of a Military Reconnaissance from Santa Fe, New Mexico to the Navajo Country in 1844.
An early vocabulary.

Smith, Carlota (1996)
"Aspectual Categories of Navajo," International Journal of American Linguistics 62.2.227-263.

Smith, Carlota (2000a)
"The Semantics of the Navajo Verb Base," in Fernald and Platero (2000). pp. 200-227.

Smith, Carlota (2000b)
"The Navajo Prolongative and Lexical Structure," in Andrew Carnie, Eloise Jelinek, and Mary Anne Willie, (eds.) Papers in Honor of Ken Hale. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 1. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics

Carlota S. Smith, Ellavina T. Perkins and Theodore B. Fernald (2003)
"Temporal Interpretation in Navajo". In Jan Anderssen, Paula MenÚndez-Benito, & Adam Werle, eds. The Proceedings of SULA2 (Semantics of Underrepresented Languages of the Americas 2). University of Massachusetts Working Papers in Linguistics. GLSA, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. 175-192.

Speas, Margaret (1982)
"Navajo verbal prefixes in current morphological theory," in Thomas G. Larson (ed.) Coyote Working Papers in Linguistics from A to Z pp. 115-144. Tucson: University of Arizona.

Speas, Margaret (1984)
"Navajo Prefixes and Word Structure Typology," in Margaret Speas and Richard Sproat (eds.) MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 7.86-109. Cambridge, MA:MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Speas, Margaret (1986)
Adjunctions and Projections in Syntax. Ph.D. dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Deals to a considerable extent with Navajo.

Speas, Margaret (1987)
"Position classes and morphological universals," in Paul Kroeber and R. Moore (eds.) Native Languages and Grammatical Typology pp. 199-215. Blooington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Speas, Margaret (1991)
"Functional Heads and the Mirror Principle," Lingua 84.181-214.

Speas, Margaret (2000a)
"From rules to principles in the study of Navajo syntax," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 1-15.

Speas, Margaret (2000b)
in Andrew Carnie, Eloise Jelinek, and MaryAnn Willie (eds.) Papers in Honor of Ken Hale. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 1. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Speas, Margaret and Evangeline Parsons Yazzie (1996)
"Quantification and the position of noun phrases in Navajo," in Jelinek et al. (1996), pp. 35-80.

Stanley, Richard John (1969)
The Phonology of the Navaho Verb. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Linguistics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Uyechi, Linda (1996)
"The Navajo Third Person Alternation and the Pronoun Incorporation Analysis," in Jelinek et al. (1996), pp. 123-136.

Wall, Leon and William Morgan (1994)
Navajo-English Dictionary. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-7818-0247-4. Reprint of 1958 original compiled for the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Paperback. 164 pp.

Werner, Oswald (1965)
"The semantics of Navajo medical terms," International Journal of American Linguistics 31.110-127.

Werner, Oswald (1970)
"A Lexical Typology of Navajo Anatomical Terms I: The Foot," International Journal of American Linguistics 36.247-265.

Werner, Oswald and Kenneth Begishe(1966)
Anatomical Atlas of the Navajo.

Willie, MaryAnn (1989)
"Why there is nothing missing in Navajo relative clauses," in Cook and Rice (1989), pp. 407-437.

Willie, MaryAnn (1991)
Pronouns and Obviation in Navajo. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona.

Willie, MaryAnn (2000a)
"The Inverse Voice and Possessive yi/bi," International Journal of American Linguistics 66.z.xx-yy.

Willie, MaryAnn (2000b)
"Individual and Stage Level Predication and the Navajo Classificatory Verbs," in Andrew Carnie, Eloise Jelinek, and MaryAnn Willie (eds.) Papers in Honor of Ken Hale. Working Papers on Endangered and Less Familiar Languages 1. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Willie, MaryAnn and Eloise Jellinek (2000)
"Navajo as a Discourse Configurational Language," in Fernald and Platero (2000), pp. 252-287.

Wilson, Alan (1969)
Breakthrough Navajo. Gallup, New Mexico: University of New Mexico at Gallup.

Wilson, Alan (1970)
Laughter, the Navajo Way. Gallup, New Mexico: University of New Mexico at Gallup.

Wilson, Alan and Gene Dennison (2000)
They Have a Saying for It... Multcultural Idioms and Their Navajo Equivalents. Gallup, New Mexico: Hashké Publications. ISBN 0-9700366-0-4. Paperback. 216 pp.
Available through Audio-Forum.

Wilson, Garth A. (1989)
Conversational Navajo Dictionary: English to Navajo. Blanding, Utah: Conversational Navajo Publications. ISBN 0-938717-12-X. Paperback. 148 pp.
A convenient dictionary that easily fits into a shirt or pants pocket, containing over 5,500 commonly used words and phrases. Also contains a pronunciation guide, brief discussions of handling verbs and postposition-verb combinations, and an appendix on health care terminology. Verbs are given as full paradigms, generally in the imperfective.

Wilson, Garth A. (1995)
Conversational Navajo Workbook: An Introductory Course for Non-Native Speakers. Blanding, Utah: Conversational Navajo Publications. ISBN 0-938717-54-5. Paperback. Spiral bound. 142 pp.

Witherspoon, Gary J. (1971)
"Navajo categories of objects at rest," American Anthropologist 73.110-127./DD>

Witherspoon, Gary J. (1977)
Language and Art in the Navajo Universe. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Wright, Martha (1983)
"The CV skeleton and verb prefix phonology in Navajo," in Charles Jones and Peter Sells (eds.) Proceedings of the Northeastern Linguistic Society 14.461-477.

Wright, Martha (1986)
"Mapping and Movement of Partial Matrices in Navajo," In Joyce McDonough and B. Plunkett (eds.) Proceedings of the Northeastern Linguistic Society 17.2.685-699.

Wyman, Leland (1957)
The Ethnobiology of the Kayenta Navajo. Publications in Biology, No. 5, University of New Mexico.

Wyman, Leland and S.K. Harris (1941)
Navajo Indian Medical Ethnobotany. Publications in Biology No. 3, University of New Mexico.

Yazzie, Helen Yellowman, Regina Yazzie, Roseann Willink, Caroline Bemore, Jefferson Clauschee and Peggy Rafelito (1998)
"Da: the Navajo Distributive Plural Preverb," in Fernald and Hale (2000) pp. 141-161.

Young, Robert W. (2000)
The Navajo Verb System: An Overview. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Young, Robert W. and William Morgan, Sr. (1943)
The Navajo Language, Grammar and Dictionary. Phoenix: Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Young, Robert W. and William Morgan, Sr. (1948)
The Function and Signification of Certain Navajo Particles. Phoenix: Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Young, Robert W. and William Morgan, Sr. (1951)
A Vocabulary of Colloquial Navajo. Phoenix: Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Young, Robert W. and William Morgan, Sr. (1954)
Navajo Historical Selections. Phoenix: Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Young, Robert W. and William Morgan, Sr. (1980)
The Navajo Language: a Grammar and Colloquial Dictionary. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Revised as Young and Morgan (1987). Reviewed by Kari and Leer (1984).

Young, Robert W. and William Morgan, Sr. (1987)
The Navajo Language: a Grammar and Colloquial Dictionary. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Revision of Young and Morgan (1984).

Young, Robert W., Morgan, William Sr. and Sally Midgette (1992)
Analytical Lexicon of Navajo. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Reviewed by Hargus (1996).

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