HISTORY 128

RUSSIA IN THE LATE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES

SPRING 2018

 

Bob Weinberg

Trotter 218                                                                        

328-8133

Office Hours: Wednesday and Thursday: 2-4 and by Appointment

                                                                                              

This seminar focuses on how historians explain and analyze 1) the fall of the Russian autocracy, 2) the success of the Bolsheviks in establishing their power and authority, and 3) the rise of Stalin and the characteristics of the Stalinist system, The syllabus is designed for the student with no prior course work in Russian and Soviet history and exposes students to the historiographical controversies of the field.  At the end of the seminar students will be well versed in the general contours of Late Imperial Russian and Soviet history.

 

The ideal seminar paper serves as the basis of class discussion and provides a critical analysis of the week’s reading.  It’s crucial that your paper has a clearly developed thesis.  Narrative accounts should be kept to a minimum, except where they are necessary for the development of your argument.  You must speak with me before you write the paper.

 

The discussant will start each seminar session with a statement of the issues and debates raised by the readings and papers.  This statement, which is not identical to a summary of the papers’ contents, provides the “big picture” and helps to set the direction(s) seminar discussion will take.  In most cases the discussant should contextualize the papers in terms of the previous week’s discussion.  In addition, the discussant will comment on the seminar papers by recounting and assessing their theses.

 

As budding historians, you should learn to peruse book reviews of the monographs we are reading in the seminar.  The reviews will help you keep abreast of what scholars are writing about the most recent additions to the historiography and will allow you to write more informed and substantive seminar papers.  The major journals in the field are:

 

American Historical Review

Journal of Modern History

Journal of Social History

Revolutionary Russia

Russian Review

Slavic Review

Kritika

 

In addition to the writing of seminar papers, seminar requirements include active participation in class discussions, a three-hour exam, and a revised seminar paper. Students must familiarize themselves with the History Department’s statement about the culture of seminars that appears in the College Bulletin. 

 

You may want to buy the following books.  Or you can borrow them from Trico or rely on the copies on reserve:

 

Fitzpatrick, Sheila. Stalin’s Peasants. Oxford University Press  (3 copies on reserve)

Ginzburg, Evgeniia. Journey into the Whirlwind (3 copies on reserve)

Gorlizki, Yoram. Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Class (Electronic version on

Tripod and 1 copy on reserve)

Hoffmann, David. Stalinist Values. Cornell University Press (4 copies on reserve)

Kotkin, Stephen. Magnetic Mountain. University of California Press (Electronic version on Tripod and 2 copies on reserve)

Steinberg, Mark, Voices of Revolution. Yale University Press  (3 copies on reserve)

Tucker, Robert. Stalin as Revolutionary. W.W. Norton (Electronic version on Tripod and 3 copies on reserve)

 

The seminar also helps to fulfill the College’s Writing Course requirement.  Each student will work with me and other members of the seminar to revise one seminar paper that will be submitted to the external examiner.

 

For those students who wish to consult other textbooks and reference works, I have placed the following books on seminar reserve:

 

Edward Acton, Vladimir Cherniaev, and William Rosenberg, eds., Critical Companion to

      the Russia Revolution, 1914-1921

Choi Chatterjee and Lisa Kirschenbaum, Russia’s Long Twentieth Century

Laura Engelstein, Russia in Flames: War, Revolution, Civil War, 1914-1921

Abbott Gleason, ed., A Companion to Russian History

Geoffrey Hosking, The First Socialist Society

Lisa Kirschenbaum, Russia’s Long Twentieth Century

Dominic Lieven, Maureen Perrie, and Ronald Suny, eds,, The Cambridge History of

     Russia, 3 volumes

Stephen Lovell, Shadow of War: Russia and the USSR, 1941 to the Present

Robert Service, A History of Twentieth-Century Russia

Stephen Smith, The Russian Revolution: An Empire in Crisis, 1890 to 1928

Ronald Suny, The Soviet Experiment: Russia, the USSR, and the Successor States

John Thompson, A Vision Unfulfilled: Russia and the Soviet Union in the Twentieth

     Century

Theodore Weeks, Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945

Elise Kimerling Wirtschafter, Russia’s Age of Serfdom, 1649-1861

 

I also recommend perusing the following websites for your own edification and enjoyment:

 

Description of Several Websites Devoted to Soviet History

http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/if-you-love-russian-history-these-websites-are-for-you/505713.html

Stalin Digital Archive

Yale University Press has digitized hundreds of documents about the Stalin era

http://www.stalindigitalarchive.com/frontend/

Communal Living in Russia: A Virtual Museum of Soviet Everyday Life

http://Kommunalka.colgate.edu/

Forced Labor Camps

http://www.osaarchivum.org/gulag/

Website organized by the Open Society Institute that is devoted to the Gulag

Gulag: Man Days, Many Lives

http://gulaghistory.org/

Site devoted to the history of the gulag

Kennan Institute-National Public Radio Russian History Audio Archive

http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?topic_id=1424&fuseaction=topics.media

On-line audio archive of speeches and voices of key political figures from the Soviet Union such as Lenin and Stalin.

Site devoted to the communal apartment.

Lenin Mausoleum: A History in Photos  http://www.aha.ru/~mausoleu

Site devoted to the history of the mausoleum.  Includes text, audio, and photographs,
including those of Lenin and Stalin on display.  Has links to other sites devoted to Lenin

and Stalin.

Lenin Museum   http://www.stel.ru/museum

Site devoted to the life of Lenin as presented in the Lenin Museum in Moscow.

Red Files: Soviet Propaganda Machine http://www.pbs.org/redfiles/prop/stry/index.htm

A production of PBS, this website explores through texts and images the role of propaganda in the history of the Soviet Union.

REENIC: Russian and East European Network Information Center

http://reenic.utexas.edu/reenic/index.html

A website from the University of Texas at Austin that provides an exhaustive list of websites about Russian and East European Studies.

REES Web: The World Wide Web Virtual Library for Russian & East European Studies  http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/reesweb/

The University of Pittsburgh has assembled a comprehensive website devoted to the field of  Russian and East European Studies.

Revelations from the Soviet Archives: Documents in English Translation

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/

Collection of documents and photographs from the archives of the Soviet Union from the exhibit at the Library of Congress in 1992

Seventeen Moments in Soviet History

http://www.soviethistory.org/index.php

A narrative history of Soviet history through an innovative use of texts, documents, music, images, and video assembled by two professors at Michigan State University and Carleton College.

Slavic and East European Library: Internet Resources

http://www.library.uius.edu/spx

The reference library at the University of Illinois has assembled a site devoted to internet resources pertaining in part to the history of the Soviet Union.

Soviet Music

http://english.sovmusic.ru/

A website devoted to music written under communism.  It is a collection of songs about war, the military, patriotism, and leaders and also contains speeches and posters.

Soviet Poster Collection in the Peace Collection, McCabe Library

http://www.swarthmore.edu/Library/peace/Sovietposters/soviethisintro.htm

Posters devoted to maternity care, industrialization, collectivization, and antireligious campaigns from the 1920s and early 1930s.

Soviet Poster Collection

http://hoohila.stanford.edu/posters/

The Hoover Institution at Stanford University owns over three thousand posters produced in the Soviet Union.

Soviet Poster Collection

http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/russian-posters/

A variety of posters from 1919-1989 at Duke University.

Stalin Digital Archive

http://www.stalindigitalarchive.com

The SDA is a result of collaboration between the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI) and Yale University Press (YUP) to create an electronic database of finding aids, to digitize documents and images, and to publish in different forms and media materials from the recently declassified Stalin archive in the holdings of RGASPI.

Stalinka: Digital Library of Staliniana

http://images.library.pitt.edu/s/stalinka

A digital library of texts and images about the Stalin phenomenon.

The Alexander Palace Time Machine

http://www.alexanderpalace.org/palace/mainpage.html

Website allows the visitor to take a tour of palaces and view the diaries and memorabilia the royal family.

The Chairman Smiles

http://www.iisg.nl/exhibitions/chairman/

An on-line exhibit from the International Institute of Social History in the Netherlands that focuses on posters from the Soviet Union, Cuba and the People’s Republic of China.

 

Key to Abbreviations:  S—On Honors Reserve

                                      M--Moodle

                                      Keep in mind that many of the journal articles on Moodle can

                                      also be accessed via JSTOR                      
WEEK ONE: INTRODUCTION TO NINETEENTH-CENTURY RUSSIA

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Marc Raeff, The Origins of the Russian Intelligentsia S/M

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Nicholas Riasanovsky, A Parting of Ways, part 1 S/M

M. S. Anderson, “Modernization and Resistance” M

Marc Raeff, “Peter’s Domestic Legacy: Transformation or Revolution” M

Gary Marker, “The Age of Enlightenment, 1740-1801” M

 

CONCEPTUALIZING TSARIST SOCIETY

 

Gregory Freeze, “The Soslovie (Estate) Paradigm and Russian Social History,”

       American Historical Review, vol. 91, no. 1 (February 1986), pp. 11-36

       http://www.jstor.org/stable/1867233

Joseph Bradley, “Subjects into Citizens: Societies, Civil Society, and Autocracy in

      Tsarist Russia,” American Historical Review, vol. 107, no. 4 (2002), pp. 1094-

       1123   http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/532665

Alfred Rieber, “The Sedimentary Society,” in Edith Clowes, ed., Between Tsar

       and People, pp. 343-366 S/M

 

TOPICS

 

Ways to Conceptualize Tsarist Society

The Autocracy and its Relationship to Educated Russia

Russia from a West European Perspective

The Legacy of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great


WEEK TWO: THE REIGNS OF ALEXANDER I AND NICHOLAS I AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE INTELLIGENTSIA

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Nicholas Riasanovsky, A Parting of Ways, parts 2-5 S/M

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

W. Bruce Lincoln, The Great Reforms: Autocracy, Bureaucracy, and the Politics of

     Change in Imperial Russia, chapters 1-2 S/M

 

INTELLECTUAL AND CULTURAL TRENDS

 

Martin Malia, “What is the Russian Intelligentsia?” Daedalus, vol. 89, no. 3, 1960, pp. 

     441-458 http://www.jstor.org/stable/20026591

Martin Malia, Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism, chapters 1, 12, 13, 

     16, and 17  S and Electronic Version on Tripod

Peter Chaadaev, “Russia and the World” and “Apology of a Madman” M

Nikolai Danilevskii, “The Slav Role in World Civilization” M

Alexander Herzen, “Letter to Jules Michelet” M

Alexei Khomiakov, “Russia and War” M

Ivan Aksakov, “Russia and Autocracy” M

Sidney Monas, “St Petersburg and Moscow as Cultural Symbols” M

Liah Greenfeld, Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity, part 3 S/M

Susana Rabow-Edling, Slavophile Thought and the Politics of Cultural Nationalism S and Electronic Version on Tripod

 

TOPICS

 

The Decembrists

Whither Russia? Intellectual and Cultural Ferment in the Reign of Nicholas I

 


WEEK THREE: THE IMPACT OF SERF EMANCIPATION AND THE ERA OF THE GREAT REFORMS

 

EMANCIPATION OF THE SERFS

 

Terence Emmons, “The Peasant and the Emancipation” in Wayne Vucinich, ed., The

      Peasant in Nineteenth-Century Russia, pp. 41-71 S/M

David Moon, The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia, S/M

Daniel Field, The End of Serfdom, pp. 8-101 S

 

PEASANTS AFTER EMANCIPATION

 

W. Bruce Lincoln, In War’s Dark Shadow, chapter2 S/M

Esther Kingston-Mann and Timothy Mixter, eds., Peasant Economy, Culture, and

      Politics of European Russia (“Breaking the Silence,” “Peasant Communes and

      Economic Innovation,” “Peasant Poverty in Theory and Practice,” “Crises and the

      Condition of the Peasantry in Late Imperial Russia,” “Victims or Actors?: Russian

      Peasant Women and Patriarchy,” and “Everyday Forms of Resistance and Serf

      Opposition to Gentry Exactions”) S/M

Daniel Field, Rebels in the Name of the Tsar, introduction and conclusion  S/M

Gleb Uspenskii, “From a Village Diary” M

Anton Chekhov, “Peasants” and “The New Villa”  M

Stephen Wheatcroft,”The1891-92 Famine in Russia” M

Roger Bartlett, ed., Land Commune and Peasant Community in Russia (“Egalitarianism

      and the Commune,” “Women and the Peasant Commune,” “Differentiation in

      Russian Peasant Society,” and “Agricultural Advance Under the Russian Village

      System” S/M

James Simms, “The Crisis in Russian Agriculture at the End of Nineteenth Century: A

      Different View,” Slavic Review, vol. 36, no. 3 (September 1977), pp. 377-398  

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/2494974

Gary Hamburg, “The Crisis in Russian Agriculture: A Comment” and James Simms, “On

      Missing the Point: A Rejoinder,” Slavic Review, vol. 37, no. 3 (September 1978), pp.

      481-490   http://www.jstor.org/stable/2497688

John Bushnell, “Peasant Economy and Peasant Revolution at the Turn of the Century:

      Neither Immiseration nor Autonomy,” Russian Review, vol. 47, no. 1 (1988),

       pp. 75-82  http://www.jstor.org/stable/130445

 

GENTRY AFTER EMANCIPATION

 

Roberta Manning, The Crisis of the Old Order: Gentry and Government, pp. 3-66 S/E-

     Book

Seymour Becker, Nobility and Privilege in Late Imperial Russia, pp. 3-154 and 171-78 S

Gary Hamburg, The Politics of the Russian Nobility, pp. 1-67 S/M

Roger Munting, “Economic Change and the Russian Gentry, 1861-1914” M

Jerome Blum, “Russia” in David Spring, ed., European Landed Elites in the Nineteenth

      Century S/M

 

 

 

JUDICIAL AND GOVERNMENTAL REFORMS

 

S. Frederick Starr, Decentralization and Self-Government in Russia, 1830-1870 S

Richard Wortman, The Development of a Russian Legal Consciousness S

Handout on Zemstvo and Judicial Reforms  M

 

TOPICS

 

The Hows and Whys of the Great Reforms

The Impact of Emancipation on the Countryside: Peasant and Landlord after 1861

 

 

 

 


WEEK FOUR: REVOLUTIONARY STIRRINGS

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: A Radical Worker in Tsarist Russia: The Autobiography of SemĎn Ivanovich Kanatchikov, pp. 1-209 S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Hans Rogger, Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, pp. 132-160 S/M

W. Bruce Lincoln, In War’s Dark Shadow, chapters 3, 4, 5

Handout on Liberalism M

Abraham Ascher, The Revolution of 1905: Russia in Disarray, chapter 1 S/M

Daniel Brower, “Urban Revolution in the Late Russian Empire,” in Michael Hamm,

     ed., The City in Late Imperial Russia, pp. 319-353 S/M

Tom Kemp, Industrialization in Nineteenth-Century Europe, pp. 119-151 S/M

Theodore von Laue, “Problems of Industrialization,” in Theofanis Stavrou, ed.,

     Russia under the Last Tsar, pp. 117-153  S/M

Elise Wirtschafter Kimerling, “The Groups Between” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 2, pp. 245-263 S

 

POPULISM

 

Hans Rogger, Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, pp. 132-141 S/M

Richard Wortman,  The Crisis of Russian Populism, pp. 1-34  S/M

Andrzej Walicki, The Controversy over Capitalism, S

Barbara Engel and Clifford Rosenthal, Five Sisters: Women Against the Tsar,

     pp. 3-58  M

Ekaterina Breshkovskaia, “Going to the People”  M

Michael Florinsky, Russia: A History and Interpretation, vol. 2, pp. 1064-1085 S/M

Oliver Radkey, The Agrarian Foes of Bolshevism, pp. 3-40  S/M

 

RUSSIAN MARXISM

 

Reginald Zelnik, “Russian Workers and Revolution” in The Cambridge History of

    Russia, volume 2, pp. 617-636 S

“Emancipation of Labor,” “Lenin’s Concept of a Revolutionary Party”   M

Christopher Read, “Labour and Socialism in Tsarist Russia,” in Dick Geary, ed.,

     Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe before 1914  S/M

Allan Wildman, The Making of a Workers’ Revolution: Russian Social Democracy,

     1891-1903

Michael Melancon, “The Socialist Revolutionaries from 1902-1907: Peasant and

     Workers’ Party,” Russian History/Histoire Russe, vol. 12, no. 1 (1985), pp. 2-47

     (read for argument)  M

 

MIDDLE CLASSES, PROFESSIONALIZATION, AND POLITICS

 

Joseph Bradley, Voluntary Associations in Tsarist Russia, introduction chapter 1 and

     conclusion  S

Edith Clowes, ed., Between Tsar and People (“Introduction,” “Voluntary Associations,

     Civic Culture and Obshchestvennost’in Moscow,” Cultural Pioneers and

     Professionals,” Impediments to a Bourgeois Consciousness in Russia,” and “Russia’s  

     Unrealized Civil Society”) S/M

Charles Timberlake, “The Middle Classes in Late Tsarist Russia” in M. L. Bush, ed.,

      Social Orders and Social Classes in Europe Since 1500  S/M

Louise McReynolds, Russia at Play: Leisure Activities at the End of the Tsarist Era S

 

TOPICS

 

The Russian Revolutionary Tradition: Spontaneity and Consciousness

Stresses and Tensions in Russian Society: The Peculiarities of Russian Modernization

The Missing Middle Class?


WEEK FIVE: DEFENDING THE AUTOCRACY AND THE REVOLUTION OF 1905

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Abraham Ascher, The Revolution of 1905: A Short History S and Electronic Version on Tripod

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Mark Steinberg, The Fall of the Romanovs, pp. 1-37  S/M

Mark Steinberg, “Russia’s Fin-de-Siecle, 1900-1914” in The Cambridge History

     of Russia,  volume 3, pp. 67-93  S

 

COUNTERREFORM AND CONSERVATISM

 

Handout on the Counterreforms  M

Hans Rogger, Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, pp. 182-206  S

W. Bruce Lincoln, The Great Reforms, chapters 5 and 6 S/M

W. Bruce Lincoln, In War’s Dark Shadow, chapter 6 S/M

Heide Whelan, Alexander III & the State Council: Bureaucracy & Counter-Reform in Late Imperial Russia S

Robert Byrnes, “Russian Conservative Thought before the Revolution,” in Theofanis

     Stavrou, ed., Russia Under the Last Tsar, pp. 42-68  S/M

Konstantin Pobedonostsev, “The Falsehood of Democracy” M

Gregory Freeze, “Reform and Counter-Reform, 1855-1890” M

Francis Wcislo, “The Land Captain Reform of 1889 and the Reassertion of

     Unrestricted Autocratic Authority,” Russian History/Histoire Russe, vol. 15,

      No. 2-4 (1988), pp. 285-326  M

Hans Rogger, “Reflections on Russian Conservatism,” Jahrbucher fur Geschichte

       Osteuropas, vol. 14, no. 2 (1966), pp. 195-212

       http://www.jstor.org/stable/41042796

 


 

1905

 

Abraham Ascher, The Revolution of 1905, 2 vols. S and Electronic Version on Tripod

Laura Engelstein, Moscow, 1905

Charters Wynn, Workers, Strikes, and Pogroms: The Donbass - Dnepr Bend in Late

      Imperial Russia, 1870-1905

Gerald Surh, 1905 in St. Petersburg: Labor, Society, and Revolution

Robert Weinberg, The Revolution of 1905 in Odessa: Blood on the Steps

 

 

TOPICS

 

Defending the Autocracy

The Crisis of the Autocracy: Weathering the Revolution

 


WEEK SIX: THE DUMA ERA AND WORLD WAR

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Joshua Sanborn, Imperial Apocalypse, pp. 1-108 S/M and

     Peter Holquist, Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia’s Continuum of Crisis,

    1914-1921, pp. 1-46 S and Electronic Version on Tripod

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Leopold Haimson, “Dual Polarization in Urban Russia, 1905-1917,” (published in early

     1960s) in Ronald Suny, ed., The Russian Revolution and Bolshevik Victory, pp. 26-49

      S/M

Hans Rogger, Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, pp. 229-250

     and 251-271  S/M

 

THE DUMA PERIOD

 

Leopold Haimson, ed., The Politics of Rural Russia (Introduction, “Zemstvo and

      Revolution,” “What was the United Nobility?,” “The Crisis of the Third of June

      System” and Conclusion) S/M

Abraham Ascher, P.A. Stolypin: The Search for Stability in Late Imperial Russia S

Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution, chapter 5  S

William Rosenberg, “Kadets and the Politics of Ambivalence, 1905-1917,” in

     Charles Timberlake, ed., Essays on Russian Liberalism, pp. 139-163  S/M

Geoffrey Hosking,  The Russian Constitutional Experiment S

William Rosenberg, Liberals in the Russian Revolution, pp. 11-46  S/M

Francis Wcislo, “Soslovie or Class? Bureaucratic Reformers and Provincial

     Gentry in Conflict, 1906-1908,” Russian Review, vol. 47, no. 1 (1988),

     pp. 1-24  http://www.jstor.org/stable/130441

Victoria Bonnell, “Trade Unions, Parties, and the State in Tsarist Russia: A Study of

      Labor Politics in St. Petersburg and Moscow,” Politics and Society, vol. 9, no. 3

      (1980), pp. 299-322  http://pas.sagepub.com/content/9/3/299.citation

Victoria Bonnell, “Radical Politics and Organized Labor in Pre-Revolutionary Moscow,

     1905-1914,” Journal of Social History, vol. 12, no. 2 (1978), pp. 282-300  M/

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/3787140

Seymour Becker, Nobility and Privilege in Late Imperial Russia, pp. 155-170  S/M

David Macey, “The Peasant Commune and the Stolypin Reforms: Peasant Attitudes,

     1906-1914,” in Roger Bartlett, ed., Land Commune and Peasant Community in

     Russia, pp. 219-236 S

Or

David Macey, “Government Actions and Peasant Reactions during the Stolypin

     Reforms” M

David Macey, “`A Wager on History’: The Stolypin Reforms as Process” M

Judith Pallott, “Did the Stolypin Land Reforms Destroy the Peasant Commune?” M

Grigorii Gerasimenko, “The Stolypin Agrarian Reforms in Saratov Province”  M

 

 

WORLD WAR ONE

 

Mark von Hagen, “The First World War, 1914-1918” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 94-113 S

Eric Lohr, “War and Revolution, 1914-1917” in The Cambridge History of Russia,

     volume 2, pp. 655-669 S

Eric Lohr, Nationalizing the Russian Empire S

Peter Gatrell,  Russia’s First World War: A Social and Economic History

Peter Gatrell, The Whole Empire Walking: Refugees in Russia During World War I

Joshua Sanborn, “Unsettling the Empire: Violent Migrations and Social Disaster in

     Russia during World War I,” Journal of Modern History 77, no. 2 (June 2005); 290-

     324 http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/431816

Joshua Sanborn, “War of Decolonization: The Russian Empire in the Great War” M  

Joshua Sanborn, Drafting the Russian Nation, pp. 3-131 S

Joshua Sanborn, “Family, Fraternity, and Nation-Building in Russia, 1905-1925.” In

     Ronald Suny and Terry Martin, eds., A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-

     Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin, pp. 93-111  S and Electronic Version on

     Tripod

 

TOPICS

 

Duma or Doom: Sources of Stability and Instability on the Eve of 1917

The Consequences of War


WEEK SEVEN:  THE REVOLUTIONS OF 1917

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Mark Steinberg, Voices of Revolution, 1917 S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Watch Part One of Stalin Documentary M

S. A. Smith, “The Revolutions of 1917-1918” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 114-139  S

John Thompson, Revolutionary Russia, S

Alexander Rabinowitch, The Bolsheviks Come to Power, introduction and conclusion

      S  

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, introduction, chapter 1 and chapter 2

      S/M

Leon Trotsky, “The Peculiarities of Russian History, “ chapter 1 in The

      Russian Revolution S/M

Ronald Suny, “Revising the Old Story” in Daniel Kaiser, ed., The Workers’ Revolution

     in Russia, S/M

Steve Smith, “Petrograd in 1917: The View From Below” in Daniel Kaiser, The

     Workers’ Revolution in Russia, S/M

Daniel Orlovsky, “The Lower Middle Strata in Revolutionary Russia” in Edith Clowes,

     ed., Between Tsar and People, pp. 248-268  S/M

Diane Koenker, “Moscow in 1917: The View From Below” in Daniel Kaiser,

     The Workers’ Revolution in Russia, S/M

Stephen Cohen, Scholarly Missions: Sovietology as Vocation” in Stephen Cohen,

     Rethinking the Soviet Experience, chapter 1  S/M

Boris Kolonitskii, “`Democracy’ in the Political Consciousness of the February

     Revolution,” Slavic Review, vol. 57, no. 1 (1998), pp. 95-106 

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/2502054

Orlando Figes, “The Russian Peasant Community in the Agrarian Revolution, 1917-

     18” in Roger Bartlett, ed., Land Commune and Peasant Community in Russia, pp.

     237-253 S/M

 

BOLSHEVIK VICTORY: ALTERNATIVE VIEWS

 

Richard Pipes, Three Whys of the Russian Revolution S

Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution, chapters 10-12  S

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 3 S/M

Orlando Figes and Boris Kolonitskii, Interpreting the Russian Revolution:

     The Language of Symbols in 1917 S

Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions, introduction and sections on Russia (On

     Political Science 108 Reserve and Electronic Version on Tripod)

 

TOPICS

 

Dynamics of the Revolution’s Trajectory: Explaining the Bolsheviks’ Success and

     Everybody Else’s Failures

Historiography: Social History, the Cold War, and the Question of Legitimacy

   


WEEK EIGHT: THE CONSOLIDATION OF BOLSHEVIK RULE—CIVIL WAR AND WAR COMMUNISM

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Peter Holquist, Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia’s Continuum of Crisis, 1914-1921, pp. 113-290   S and Electronic Version on Tripod

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Joshua Sanborn, Imperial Apocalypse, pp. 171-262  S

Paul Avrich, Kronstadt, 1921, chapter 1  S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapter 3 S/M

Donald Raleigh, “The Russian Civil War, 1917-1922” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 140-167 S

Tenth Party Congress M

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 4  S/M

Diane Koenker, ed., Party, State, and Society in the Russian Civil War (“New

     Perspectives on the Civil War,” “The Legacy of the Civil War,” “The Civil War:

     Dynamics and Legacy,” “Commentary: Circumstance and Political Will in the

     Russian Civil War”) S/M

Peter Holquist, “`Information is the Alpha and Omega of Our Work’: Bolshevik

     Surveillance in Its Pan-European Context,” Journal of Modern History, vol. 69,

     no. 3 (1997), pp. 415-450 http://www.jstor.org/stable/2953592

Peter Holquist, “To Count, to Extract, and to Exterminate: Population Statistics and

     Population Politics in Late Imperial and Soviet Russia” M

Moshe Lewin, Lenin’s Last Struggle, chapter 1 S/M

William Chase, Workers, Society, and the Soviet State, chapter 1 S/M

Evan Mawdsley, The Russian Civil War, pp. 272-290 M

Robert Service, The Bolshevik Party in Revolution: A Study in Organizational Change,

     pp. 1-10 and 199-212  S/M

Abbott Gleason, ed., Bolshevik Culture (“Iconoclastic Currents in the Russian

     Revolution,” “Lenin’s Bolshevism as a Culture in the Making,” and “The Civil War

     as a Formative Experience”)  S/M

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Donald Raleigh, Experiencing Russia’s Civil War: Politics, Society, and Revolutionary

    Culture in Saratov S

Alexander Rabinowitch, The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd, preface and parts one and four S

Lewis Siegelbaum, Soviet State and Society between Revolutions, 1918-1929,

     chapters one and two S

Vladimir Brovkin, “The Mensheviks’ Political Comeback: The Elections to the

     Provincial City Soviets in Spring 1918,” Russian Review, vol. 42, no. 1 (1983),

     pp. 1-50 http://www.jstor.org/stable/129453

Vladimir Brovkin, “The Mensheviks under Attack: The Transformation of Soviet

     Politics, June-September 1918,” Jahrbucher fur Geschichte fur Osteuropas,

     vol. 32, no. 3 (1984), pp. 378-391   http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00003832/image_394

Silvana Malle, The Economic Organization of War Communism, introduction S/M

Stephen Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution, pp. 60-110  S

Orlando Figes, Peasant Russia, Civil War: The Volga Countryside in Revolution,

     1917-1921 S

 

TOPICS

 

War Communism: Path to the Radiant Future or Political Exigency?

Consolidating Soviet Power and the Issue of Legitimacy


WEEK NINE: THE 1920S—THE SUCCESSION STRUGGLE AND THE DILEMMAS OF NEP

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Robert Tucker, Stalin as Revolutionary S and Electronic Version on Tripod

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapter 4 S/M

Alan Ball, “Building a New State and Society: NEP, 1921-1928” in The Cambridge

     History of Russia, volume 3, pp. 168-191  S

Stephen Cohen, “Bolshevism and Stalinism” in Stephen Cohen, Rethinking the

     Soviet Experience S/M

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 1 S/M

Moshe Lewin, Lenin’s Last Struggle, S/M

Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed., Russia in the Era of NEP (“Introduction,” “The Problem of

     Class Identity in NEP Society,” “Private Trade and Traders during NEP,” “Insoluble

     Conflicts: Village Life between Revolution and Collectivization,”

     and “Conclusion”) S/M

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 5 S/M

 

THE SUCCESSION STRUGGLE

 

Stephen Cohen, Bukharin and the Russian Revolution, pp. 123-336 S

Isaac Deutscher, Stalin: A Political Biography, pp. 228-317  S/M

Isaac Deutscher, The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky, 1921-1929 S

J. Arch Getty and Oleg Naumov, Yezhov: The Rise of Stalin’s `Iron Fist’ pp. 68-85 S

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Moshe Lewin, Russian Peasants, Soviet Power: A Study of Collectivization, 1-445 S

Lewis Siegelbaum, Soviet State and Society Between Revolutions, 1918-1929,

     chapters 4, 5,  and epilogue S

William Chase, Workers, Society, and the Soviet State: Labor and Life in Moscow,

     1918-1929, chapter 8 S/M

 

TOPICS

 

Why Did Stalin Win?

NEP as a Path to Socialism: Social and Ideological Tensions in the 1920s


WEEK TEN: THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD AND NATIONALITY POLICY

 

BOOKS OF THE WEEK: Sheila Fitzpatrick, Stalin’s Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village after Collectivization S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW: COLLECTIVIZATION

 

Watch Part Two of Stalin Documentary M

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 2 S/M

Lev Kopelev, The Education of a True Believer, pp. 224-236  S/M

James Hughes, “Re-evaluating Stalin’s Peasant Policy in 1928-30”  M

Alec Nove and James Millar, “A Debate on Collectivization: Was Stalin Really

     Necessary?” Problems of Communism, vol. 25, no. 4 (1976), pp. 49-62 M

Lynne Viola, “The Peasant Nightmare: Visions of the Apocalypse in the Soviet

     Countryside,” Journal of Modern History, vol. 62, no. 4 (1990), pp. 747-770

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/1881062

Lynne Viola, “Bab’i Bunty and Peasant Women’s Protest during Collectivization,”

     Rusian Review, vol. 45, no. 1 (1986), pp. 23-42  http://www.jstor.org/stable/129400

James Millar, “Mass Collectivization and the Contribution of Soviet Agriculture to the 

     First Five-Year Plan,” Slavic Review, vol. 33, no. 4 (1974), pp. 750-766

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/2494513

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 6 S/M

 

NATIONALITY POLICY

 

Terry Martin, “An Affirmative Action Empire: The Soviet Union as the Highest Form of

      Imperialism” M

Terry Martin, The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet

      Union, 1923-1939 S

Yuri Slezkine, “The Soviet Union as a Communal Apartment, or How a Socialist State

      Promoted Ethnic Particularism “ in Shelia Fitzpatrick, ed., Stalinism: New Directions,

      pp. 313-347 S/M

Elissa Bemporad, “Behavior Unbecoming a Communist: Jewish Religious Practice in

      Soviet Minsk,” Jewish Social Studies, vol. 14, no. 2 (2008), pp. 1-31

      https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/jewish_social_studies/v014/14.2.bemporad.pdf

Elissa Bemporad, “Issues of Gender, Sovietization and Modernization in the Jewish

      Metropolis of Minsk” M

Douglas Northrop, “Nationalizing Backwardness: Gender, Empire, and Uzbek Identity.”   

      In Ronald Suny and Terry Martin, eds., A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-

     Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin, pp. 191-220  S and Electronic Version on

     Tripod

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Moshe Lewin, Russian Peasants and Soviet Power, pp. 446-519  S/M

Lynne Viola, ed., Tragedy of the Soviet Countryside S

Lynne Viola, The Best Sons of the Fatherland: Workers in the Vanguard of Soviet

     Collectivization  S

Moshe Lewin, The Making of the Soviet System, pp. 91-120, and 178-190 S/M

Lynne Viola, ed., The War Against the Peasantry, 1927-1930 S

Vladimir Brovkin, “Stalinism, Revisionism and the Problem of Conceptualization” M

 

TOPICS

 

The Goals and Consequences (Intended and Unintended) of Collectivization: Resistance and Accommodation

Nationality Policy

WEEK ELEVEN: THE COMMAND ECONOMY, SPEAKING BOLSHEVIK AND SUBJECTIVITY; THE CULTS OF LENIN AND STALIN

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization (no chapter 7) S and Electronic Version on Tripod

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW: INDUSTRIALIZATION

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapter 5 S/M

Lewis Siegelbaum, “Workers and Industrialization” in The Cambridge History of

     Russia, volume 3, pp. 440-467  S

Alec Nove “Was Stalin Really Necessary?” Encounter (April 1962), M

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 3 S/M

Jeffrey Rossman, Worker Resistance Under Stalin: Class and Revolution on the Shop

     Floor, introduction, chapters. 1 and 2  S

Lynne Viola, ed., Contending with Stalinism : Soviet Power and Popular Resistance in

      the 1930s S

William Rosenberg and Lewis Siegelbaum, eds., Social Dimensions of Soviet

     Industrialization (“Conceptualizing the Command Economy,” “The Great Departure:

     Rural-Urban Migration in the Soviet Union, 1929-1933,” “Social Mobility in

     the Countryside,” and “On Soviet Industrialization”  S/M

A Short History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, pp. 196-234 (skim) M

Moshe Lewin, The Making of the Soviet System (“Society, State, and Ideology during the

     First Five-Year Plan” and “Social Relations Inside Industry during

     The Prewar Five-Year Plans”)  S/M

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 6 S/M

 

THE INDIVIDUAL AND IDENTITY: SUBJECTIVITY AND SOVIET POWER

 

Jochen Hellbeck, Revolution on My Mind: Writing a Diary under Stalin, Prologue and

     chapters.  1, 3 and 8 S and Electronic Version on Tripod

Jochen Hellbeck, “Fashioning the Stalinist Soul: The Diary of Stepan Podlubny”

     Jahrbucher fur Geschichte Osteuropas, vol. 44, no. 3 (1996), pp. 344-373

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/41052987

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Ascribing Class: The Construction of Social Identity in Soviet

     Russia,” Journal of Modern History, vol. 65, no. 4 (1993)

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/2124540

Jochen Hellbeck, “Liberation from Autonomy: Mapping Self-Understandings in Stalin's

      Time” in in Paul Corner,  ed., Popular Opinion in Totalitarian Regimes: Fascism,

      Nazism, Communism) S

Choi Chatterjee and Karen Petrone, “Models of Selfhood and Subjectivity: The Soviet

     Case in Historical Perspective,” Slavic Review, vol. 67, no. 4 (Winter 2008)

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/27653033

Maltke Griesse, “Soviet Subjectivity,” Kritika, vol. 19, no. 3 (2008), pp. 609-624 

      https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/kritika/v009/9.3.griesse.html

 

Igal Halfin and Jochen Hellbeck, “Rethinking the Stalinist Subject: Stephen Kotkin's

     'Magnetic Mountain' and the State of Soviet Historical Studies,” Jahrbücher für

     Geschichte Osteuropas, no. 44 (1996),

     pp. 456-463.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/41052991

Eric Naiman, “On Soviet Subjects and the Scholars Who Make Them,” Russian Review,

     Vol. 6, no. 3 (2001), pp. 307-315. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2679663

Igal Halfin, From Darkness to Light: Class, Consciousness, and Salvation in

     Revolutionary Russia

Igal Halfin, Red Autobiographies: Initiating the Bolshevik Self

 

THE CULTS OF LENIN AND STALIN

 

Nina Tumarkin, Lenin Lives! The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia S

Jan Plamper, The Stalin Cult: A Study in the Alchemy of Power S

Balazs Apor, ed., The Leader Cult in Communist Dictatorships: Stalin and the Eastern 

     Bloc S

Victoria Bonnell, The Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and

     Stalin S

Robert Tucker, “The Rise of Stalin’s Personality Cult,” American Historical Review, vol.  

     84, no. 2 (1979), pp. 347-366  http://www.jstor.org/stable/1855137

Robert Tucker, Stalin in Power, chapter 7  S

Graeme Gill, “`Lenin Lives’: Or Does He? Symbols and the Transition from Socialism,”

     Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 60, no. 2 (2008), pp. 173-196   

    http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713414944

Sarah Davies, “The Leader Cult: Propaganda and Its Reception in Stalin’s Russia” in

     John Channon, ed., Politics, Society and Stalinism in the USSR, pp. 115-138 S/M

Frank Westerman, Engineers of the Soul: The Grandiose Propaganda of Stalin’s

     Russia S

 

TOPICS

 

Why Did People “Speak Bolshevik” and What Did that Mean?

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Five-Year Plans


WEEK TWELVE: THE POLITICS OF CULTURE, WOMEN’S LIBERATION, AND EVERYDAY LIFE

 

BOOKS OF THE WEEK: David Hoffmann, Stalinist Values: The Cultural Norms of

      Soviet Modernity, 1917-1941 S and Sheila Fitzpatrick, Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary

     Life in Extraordinary Times S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Cultural Revolution as Class War” in Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed.,

     Cultural Revolution in Russia, 1928-1931 S and Electronic Version on Tripod

     (chapter six of SheilaFitzpatrick, The Cultural Front: Power and Culture in

     Revolutionary Russia)

“Socialist Realism” and “Abortion” M

Matthew Lenoe, “In Defense of Timasheff’s Great Retreat,Kritika, vol. 5, no. 4 (2004),

      pp. 721-730  M

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 7  S/M

 

CULTURE, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY: MODERNITY SOVIET-STYLE

 

David Hoffmann, Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism,

     Introduction, chapters 4 and 5, conclusion S and Electronic Version on Tripod

Michael David-Fox, "Multiple Modernities vs. Neo-Traditionalism: On Recent Debates

     in Russian and Soviet History," Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas, vol. 54, no. 4

    (2006), pp. 535-555 M

David Brandenberger, National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture and the Formation

     of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931-1956  S

David Brandenberger, Propaganda State in Crisis: Soviet Ideology, Indoctrination,

     and Terror under Stalin, 1927-1941 S

Jeffrey Brooks, Thank You, Comrade Stalin! Soviet Public Culture from

     Revolution to Cold War  S

Karen Petrone, Life Has Become More Joyous, Comrades: Celebrations in the Time

      of  Stalin S

Rolf Malte, Soviet Mass Festivals, 1917-1991 S

Richard Stites, ed., Mass Culture in Soviet Russia: Tales, Poems, Songs, Movies, Plays,

     Folklore, 1917-1953 S

Richard Stites, ed., Russian Popular Culture: Entertainment and Society since 1900 S

William Rosenberg, ed., Bolshevik Visions, S

Katerina Clark and Evgeny Dobrenko, eds., Soviet Culture and Power: A History in

     Documents, 1917-1953 S

Eric Naiman and Christina Kiaer, Everyday Life in Early Soviet Russia: Taking the

     Revolution Inside S

Richard Stites, “Bolshevik Ritual Building in the 1920s” in Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed.,

     Russia in the Era of NEP, pp. 295-305 S/M

Richard Stites, Revolutionary Dreams: Utopian Vision and Experimental Life in the

     Russian Revolution, S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The `Soft’ Line on Culture and Its Enemies: Soviet Cultural Policy,

     19222-1927,” Slavic Review, vol. 33, no. 2 (1974), pp. 267-287 M/

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/2495794

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Culture and Politics under Stalin: A Reappraisal,” Slavic Review, vol.

     35, no. 2 (1976), pp. 211-231 http://www.jstor.org/stable/2495794

S. Frederick Starr, Red and Hot, S

Sarah Davies, Popular Opinion in Stalin’s Russia: Terror, Propaganda and Dissent S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Popular Opinion in Russia Under Pre-war Stalinism” in Paul Corner, 

      ed., Popular Opinion in Totalitarian Regimes: Fascism, Nazism,

     Communism) S

Jan Plamper, “Beyond Binaries: Popular Opinion in Stalinism” in Paul Corner, 

      ed., Popular Opinion in Totalitarian Regimes: Fascism, Nazism,

     Communism) S

William Rosenberg, Bolshevik Visions, volume 2  S

Richard Thorpe, “The Academic Theaters and the Fate of Soviet Artistic Pluralism, 1919-

     1928,” Slavic Review, vol. 51, no. 3 (1992), pp. 389-411

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/2500051

Katerina Clark, “The `Quiet’ Revolution in Soviet Intellectual Life” in Sheila Fitzpatrick,

     ed., Russia in the Era of NEP  S/M

Roger Pethybridge, “Stalin as Social Conservatism,” European Studies Review, vol. 11

     (1981), pp. 461-485  M

Julie Hessler, A Social History of Soviet Trade: Trade Policy, Retail Practices, and

     Consumption, 1917-1953 S

 

WOMEN AND THE REVOLUTION

 

Barbara Engel, “Women and the State” in The Cambridge History of Russia, volume

     3, pp. 468-494  S

Wendy Goldman, Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social

     Life, 1917-1936 S

Elizabeth Wood, The Baba and the Comrade: Gender and Politics in Revolutionary

     Russia S

Gail Lapidus, Women in Soviet Society, chapters 2 and 3 S

Barbara Evans Clements, “The Birth of the New Soviet Woman” in Abbott Gleason,

     ed.,  Bolshevik Culture, pp. 220-237 S/M

Beatrice Farnsworth, “Village Women Experience the Revolution” in Abbott

     Gleason, ed., Bolshevik Culture, pp. 238-260 S/M

Wendy Goldman, “Working-Class Women and the `Withering Away’ of the Family”

     in Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed., Russia in the Era of NEP, pp. 125-143 S/M

Alexandra Kollontai, “Make Way for Winged Eros,” “Communism and the Family,” and

    “Sisters”  M

Barbara Evans Clements, et al., Russia’s Women: Accommodation, Resistance, and

     Transformation (“Transformation versus Tradition,” “The Female Form in Soviet

     Political Iconography,” “Women, Abortion, and the State, 1917-1936,” and “Later

     Developments: Trends in Soviet Women’s History”) S/M

Victoria Bonnell, “The Representation of Women in Early Soviet Political Art,” Russian

     Review, vol. 50, no. 3 (1991), pp. 267-288  http://www.jstor.org/stable/131074

Victoria Bonnell, “The Peasant Woman in Stalinist Political Art of the 1930s,”

     American Historical Review, vol. 98, no. 1 (1993), pp. 55-82

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/2166382

Choi Chatterjee, Celebrating Women: Gender, Festival, Culture, and Bolshevik

     Ideology, 1910-1939 S

Rochelle Ruthchild, Equality and Revolution: Women’s Rights in the Russian Empire,

     1905-1917

 

TOPICS

 

The Promise and Reality of Women’s Emancipation

Modernity and Soviet Power


WEEK THIRTEEN: THE PURGES AND STALINISM

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Evgeniia Ginzburg, Journey into the Whirlwind S

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapter 6 S/M

Oleg Khlevniuk, Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle, pp. xiii-xxv, 166-203,

      and 246-262 S/M/Ebook on Tripod

Oleg Khlevniuk, The History of the Gulag: From Collectivization to the Great Terror

      S/Ebook on Tripod

Graeme Gill, Stalinism S/M

David Shearer, “Stalinism, 1928-1940” in The Cambridge History of Russia, volume

     3, pp. 192-216  S

Isaac Deutscher, Stalin: A Political Biography, pp. 345-385 S/M

Robert Tucker, “Stalinism as Revolution from Above” in Robert Tucker, ed., Stalinism,

     pp. 77-111 S/M

Stephen Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution, pp. 337-386  S

Oleg Khlevniuk, “The Objectives of the Great Terror, 1937-1938” M

Theodore von Laue, “Stalin in Focus,” Slavic Review, vol. 42, no. 3 (1983), pp.

     373-389  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2496042

 

HISTORIOGRAPHY

 

Christopher Read, “Main Currents of Interpretation of Stalin and the Stalin Years” M

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 4  S/M

Chris Ward, ed., The Stalinist Dicatorship S

James Harris, ed., The Anatomy of Terror, “General Introduction” and Other Essays S

Sarah Davies and James Harris, eds., Stalin: A New History (chapters by David 

     Brandenberg, “Stalin as Symbol: A Case Study of the Peronality Cult,” James Harris,

     “Stalin as General Secretary: The Appointments Process and the Nature of Stalin’s

     Power,” William Chase, “Stalin as Producer: The Moscow Show Trials and the

     Constructoin of Moral Threats,” J. Arch Getty, “Stalin as Prime Minister: Power and

     the Politburo,” and Oleg Khlevniuk, “Stalin as Dictator: The Personalization of

     Power”) S and eBook

David Hoffmann, Stalinism: The Essential Readings S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, ed., “Introduction” in Stalinism: New Directions S/M

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Constructing Stalinism: Changing Western and Soviet

     Perspectives” in Alec Nove, ed., The Stalin Phenomenon, pp. 75-99 S/M

J. Arch Getty and Roberta Manning, eds., Stalinist Terror: New Perspectives S

Matthew Lenoe, The Kirov Murder and Soviet History S

 

HISTORIANS AND THEIR VIEWS

 

The Role of Personality

 

Robert Tucker, “Stalin, Bukharin, and History as Conspiracy” in Robert Tucker, ed.,

     The Soviet Political Mind, revised edition, pp. 49-86 S/M

Robert Tucker, Stalin as Revolutionary, pp. 421-493 S

Sarah Davies and James Harris, eds., Stalin’s World: Dictating the Soviet Order (chapter

     by Oleg Khlevniuk, “The Leader Cult”) S

Leon Trotsky, “Soviet Bonapartism,” in Robert Daniels, ed., The Stalin

     Revolution, 3rd edition, S/M

 

The Purges, State-Building, and Modernity

 

Peter Holquist, “State Violence as Technique: The Logic of Violence in Soviet

     Totalitarianism” M

Amir Weiner, “Nature and Nurture in a Socialist Utopia: Delineating the Soviet Socio-

     Ethnic Body in the Age of Socialism” M 

David Hoffmann, Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism,

     1914-1939, chapter on purges S and Electronic Version on Tripod

Steven Barnes, Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

     S and E-Book

 

The Purges and Ideology

 

Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain, chapter 7 and afterword

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapter 7, S/M

 

The Benefits of Purges

 

Sarah Davies, “Us Against Them”: Social Identity in Soviet Russia, 1934-1939” M

Sarah Davies, Popular Opinion in Stalin’s Russia: Terror, Propaganda and Dissent S

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The Russian Revolution and Social Mobility, “ Politics and

     Society, vol. 13, no. 2 (1984), pp. 119-142  

     http://pas.sagepub.com/content/13/2/119.citation

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Stalin and the Making of a New Elite, 1928-1939,” Slavic

     Review, vol. 38, no. 3 (1979), pp. 377-402

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/2496711

 

Grappling with Disorder

 

David Shearer, Policing Stalin’s Socialism: Repression and Social Order in the Soviet

      Union, 1924-1953  S

David Shearer, “Social Disorder, Mass Repression, and the NKVD during the 1930s,”

     Cahiers du Monde russe, vol. 42, no. 2-4 (2001), pp. 505-534

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/20174643

David Shearer, “Elements Near and Alien: Passportization, Policing, and Identity in the

      Soviet State,” Journal of Modern History, vol. 76 (December 2004), pp. 835-881

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/427570

Paul Hagenloh, Stalin’s Police: Public Order and Mass Repression in the USSR, 1926-

     1941, introduction and conclusion S

Paul Hagenloh, “`Socially Harmful Elements’ and the Great Terror” M

 

The Purges and the Bureaucratic Imperative

 

Moshe Lewin, The Making of the Soviet System (“The Social Background of Stalinism”

     and “Grappling with Stalinism” S/M

Moshe Lewin, “Bureaucracy and the Stalinist State” in Moshe Lewin and Ian Kershaw,

     eds., Stalinism and Nazism: Dictatorships in Comparison, S

 

The Purges and Workers

 

Wendy Goldman, Terror and Democracy in the Age of Stalin: The Social Dynamics of

     Repression S

Wendy Goldman, Inventing the Enemy: Denunciation and Terror in Stalin’s Russia S

 

The Party Purges Itself

 

J. Arch Getty, “Afraid of Their Shadows: The Bolshevik Recourse to Terror,

     1932-1938” M

J. Arch Getty and Oleg Naumov, eds., The Road to Terror: Stalin and the Self-

     Destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932-1939, introduction and conclusion S/M

J. Arch Getty, The Origins of the Great Purge, pp. 1-9 and 196-210  S/M

J. Arch Getty, “Party and Purge in Smolensk, 1933-1937” and Discussion in

     Slavic Review, vol. 42, no. 1 (1983), pp. 60-96

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/2497441

 

The Purges, Peasants, and National Minorities

 

Barry McLoughlin, “Mass Operations of the NKVD, 1937-8: A Survey” M

Terry Martin, “The Origins of Soviet Ethnic Cleansing,” Journal of Modern History,

     vol. 70, no. 4 (December 1998) http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/235168

 

TOPICS

 

Explaining the Purges

Defining Stalinism and the Problem of Continuity and Change


WEEK FOURTEEN: THE FINAL YEARS OF STALIN AND COMING TO GRIPS WITH STALIN

 

BOOK OF THE WEEK: Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg Khlevniuk, Cold Peace: Stalin and   

     the Soviet Ruling Class S and Electronic Version on Tripod  

 

GENERAL OVERVIEW

 

Watch Part Three of Stalin Documentary M

John Barber and Mark Harrison, “The Patriotic War, 1941-1945” in The Cambridge

     History of Russia, volume 3, pp. 217-242  S

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg Khlevniuk, “Stalin and His Circle” in The Cambridge

    History of Russia, volume 3, pp. 243-267  S

William Fuller, “The Great Fatherland War and Late Stalinism, 1941-1953” M

Chris Ward, Stalin’s Russia, chapter 6 S/M

David Hoffmann, “European Modernity and Soviet Socialism” M

 

THE IMPACT OF WAR

 

Juliane Furst, ed., Late Stalinist Russia: Society between Reconstruction and Reinvention

     Introduction S/M and articles by Levesque, Fieseler, Edele, Manley, and Heinzen S

Elena Zubkova, “Russia After the War: Hopes, Illusions, and Disappointments” M

      (Please note that this is a selection from the book Russia After the War, which

      is available on seminar reserve.  Also available as an E-Book)

 

THE BLACK YEARS OF SOVIET JEWRY

 

Amir Weiner, “When Memory Counts: War, Genocide, and Postwar Soviet Jewry” M

Zvi Gitelman, “The Black Years and the Gray”  M

“Campaign Against Cosmopolitanism” M

Andrei Zhdanov, “Report to the Leningrad Branch of the Union of Soviet Writers” M

Jeffrey Veidlinger, “Soviet Jewry as a Diaspora Nationality: The `Black Years’

     Reconsidered,” East European Jewish Affairs, vol. 33, no. 1 (2003)  M

“The Arrest of a Group of Doctor-Saboteurs” and “Spies and Murderers in the Guise of

     Physicians and Scientists”  M

Alexander Lokshin, “The Doctors’ Plot: The Non-Jewish Response”  M

Robert Weinberg, “Birobidzhan after the Second World War.” Jews in Eastern Europe

      No. 3 (49) (2002), pp. 31-46 M

Joshua Rubenstein, Stalin’s Secret Pogrom: The Post-war Inquisition of the Jewish Anti-

     Fascist Committee E-Book

Yehoshua Gilboa, The Black Years of Soviet Jewry, 1939-1953

 

THE LIMITS OF DESTALINIZATION

 

Martin Malia, “To the Stalin Mausoleum” M

Nikita Khrushchev, “Secret Speech at the Twentieth Party Congress, 1956” M

Stephen Cohen, “The Stalin Question Since Stalin” and “The Friends and Foes

     of Change: Soviet Reformism and Conservatism” M

 

 

 

RECOMMENDED

 

Nina Tumarkin, The Living and the Dead: Rise and Fall of The Cult of World War II

     Russia S

David Hoffmann, Cultivating the Masses: Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism,

     1914-1939 S/E-Book

Catherine Merridale, Ivan’s War: Life and Death in the Red Army, 1939-1945 S

Amir Weiner, Making Sense of War: The Second World War

     and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution S

David Brandenberger, “Stalin, the Leningrad Affair and the Limits of Postwar Soviet

     Russocentrism.” Russian Review Vol. 63, no. 2 (2004), pp. 241-255

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/3664083

Richard Bidlack, “Ideological and Political Origins of the Leningrad Affair: A Response

     to David Brandenberger.” Russian Review Vol. 64, no. 1 (2005), pp. 90-95

     http://www.jstor.org/stable/3664329

Mark Edele, Soviet Veterans of the Second World War: A Popular Movement in an

     Authoritarian Society, 1941-1991 S

Juliane Furst, Stalin’s Last Generation: Soviet Post-War Youth and the Emergence of

     Mature Socialism S

 

TOPICS

 

The Significance of World War Two on Soviet Politics and Society

What Was Stalin Up to before He Died?

Destalinization